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Kathrene Diane Valentine, Ph.D.

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Mentoring
Available: 01/04/22, Expires: 06/01/23

The Health Decision Sciences Center (HDSC) at Massachusetts General Hospital is committed to improving the quality of decisions made by patients and health care providers about medical tests and treatments. The HDSC is involved in developing, implementing, and evaluating decision aids and decision quality measures to support shared decision making in medical encounters. We are seeking students to participate in a research internship and assist with ongoing studies. This is an exceptional opportunity to get experience with cutting edge research focused on patient engagement and delivery of patient-centered care. Students will be supervised by Karen Sepucha, PhD, Director of the Health Decision Sciences Center and KD Valentine, PhD, Instructor. Project Proposal for 2022: The Center has several ongoing studies: Promoting Informed Decisions about Cancer Screening in Older Adults (PRIMED Study). This multi-site randomized trial is examining the impact of a skills training course for primary care physicians on conversations with older adults considering whether to continue or stop colorectal cancer screening. Implementation of patient decision aids for elective orthopedic surgery decisions. This implementation science project is a collaboration across Orthopedic Departments at hospitals affiliated with MassGeneralBrigham as well as others across the US. We aim to improve the quality of elective surgery decisions by implementing patient decision aids into routine orthopedic care for four conditions: hip and knee osteoarthritis, lumbar herniated disc and spinal stenosis. Student activities may include: Literature review, Key informant interviews and/or focus groups with patients, caregivers, and clinicians, Observation of clinic visits and mapping of clinic workflow (maybe be virtual), Development and testing of decision support tools (paper-based, online, video), Survey research: designing questionnaires, screening patients, preparing mailings, reminder phone calls, data entry, medical chart review, Data analysis: qualitative analyses of interviews and focus groups, basic and advanced quantitative data analytics, and data visualization, Use of Microsoft Office Suite, Redcap, Access, R, SPSS, Manuscript contributions (writing, editing, proofing, references), conference poster presentations, Grant proposal contributions, Interested? Send the following to KD Valentine via email (kvalentine2@mgh.harvard.edu) a 1 page (maximum) statement describing your research interests and goals and how this experience might help with your development and Your CV or Resume. To learn more about The Health Decision Sciences Center, visit our website: https://mghdecisionsciences.org


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  1. Valentine KD, Cha T, Giardina JC, Marques F, Atlas SJ, Bedair H, Chen AF, Doorly T, Kang J, Leavitt L, Licurse A, O'Brien T, Sequist T, Sepucha K. Assessing the quality of shared decision making for elective orthopedic surgery across a large healthcare system: cross-sectional survey study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2021 Nov 19; 22(1):967. PMID: 34798866.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  2. Valentine KD, Scherer LD. Interpersonal (mis)perceptions and (mis)predictions in patient-clinician interactions. Curr Opin Psychol. 2022 Feb; 43:244-248. PMID: 34461604.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  3. Trenaman L, Jansen J, Blumenthal-Barby J, Körner M, Lally J, Matlock D, Perestelo-Perez L, Ropka M, Stirling C, Valentine K, Vo H, Wills CE, Thomson R, Sepucha K. Are We Improving? Update and Critical Appraisal of the Reporting of Decision Process and Quality Measures in Trials Evaluating Patient Decision Aids. Med Decis Making. 2021 10; 41(7):954-959. PMID: 33966534.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  4. Scherer LD, Yates JF, Baker SG, Valentine KD. The Influence of Effortful Thought and Cognitive Proficiencies on the Conjunction Fallacy: Implications for Dual-Process Theories of Reasoning and Judgment. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2017 Jun; 43(6):874-887. PMID: 28903676.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  5. Norton PJ, Valentine KD. A Retrospective Study on Infant Bed-sharing in a Clinical Practice Located in an Urban Cluster. Mo Med. 2016 Mar-Apr; 113(2):141-7. PMID: 27311226.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.