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profileBenjamin C Warf, M.D.

TitleProfessor of Neurosurgery
InstitutionBoston Children's Hospital
DepartmentNeurosurgery
AddressChildren's Hospital
Surgery ( Neurosurgery)
300 Longwood Ave
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/635-6008
Fax617/730-0906
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Collapse Mentoring 
Collapse completed student projects
Evaluating the efficacy of endoscopic surgery to treat hydrocephalus in the developing world
Summer, 05/01/13 - 08/15/13
Evaluating the sequelae of two neurosurgical treatments for neurocognitive development in Uganda infants with post-infection hydrocephalous
International/Summer, 06/17/13 - 08/09/13
Retrospective Review: Clinical Outcomes of Spinal Cord Untethering in Myelomeningocele Patients Prior to Scoliosis Correction
Summer, 06/07/12 - 08/30/12
Rate of Shunt Failure after ETV and ETV-CPC Treatment for Hydrocephalus in rural Uganda
International, 06/12/11 - 08/08/11
Characterization of Hydrocephalus and its Neurosurgical Interventions in Arusha, Tanzania
Summer, 02/10/15 - 03/10/17
A Retrospective Review of Outcomes with the Codman Bactiseal Universal Shunt verses the Chhabra Shunt
International, 06/13/12 - 07/28/12
Retrospective Review: Clinical Outcomes of Spinal Cord Untethering in Myelomeningocele Patients Prior to Scoliosis Correction
Summer, 01/24/12 - 01/24/13

Collapse Research 
Collapse research activities and funding
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
R01HD085853     (KULKARNI, ABHAYA V)Jul 22, 2015 - Jun 30, 2017
NIH/NICHD
Neurocognitive outcomes and changes in brain and CSF volume after treatment of post-infectious hydrocephalus in Ugandan infants by shunting or ETV/CPC: a randomized prospective trial
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

R21TW009612     (KULKARNI, ABHAYA V)Sep 14, 2012 - Sep 30, 2015
NIH/FIC
Neurocognitive outcomes and changes in brain and CSF volume after treatment of po
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

Collapse Bibliographic 
Collapse selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
List All   |   Timeline
  1. Sims-Williams HJ, Sims-Williams HP, Kabachelor EM, Fotheringham J, Warf BC. Ten-year survival of Ugandan infants after myelomeningocele closure. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Oct 21; 1-7. PMID: 27767901.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Warf B. Surgery for epilepsy: the need for global acceptance and access. Lancet Neurol. 2016 Aug; 15(9):898-9. PMID: 27478944.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Upasani VV, Ketwaroo PD, Estroff JA, Warf BC, Emans JB, Glotzbecker MP. Prenatal diagnosis and assessment of congenital spinal anomalies: Review for prenatal counseling. World J Orthop. 2016 Jul 18; 7(7):406-17. PMID: 27458551.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Schiff SJ, Kiwanuka J, Riggio G, Nguyen L, Mu K, Sproul E, Bazira J, Mwanga-Amumpaire J, Tumusiime D, Nyesigire E, Lwanga N, Bogale KT, Kapur V, Broach JR, Morton SU, Warf BC, Poss M. Separating Putative Pathogens from Background Contamination with Principal Orthogonal Decomposition: Evidence for Leptospira in the Ugandan Neonatal Septisome. Front Med (Lausanne). 2016; 3:22. PMID: 27379237.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Shrestha R, Warf BC. Teaching NeuroImages: Interhemispheric multiloculated cyst with callosal dysgenesis in an infant. Neurology. 2016 Jan 5; 86(1):e10-1. PMID: 26712834.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Boivin MJ, Kakooza AM, Warf BC, Davidson LL, Grigorenko EL. Reducing neurodevelopmental disorders and disability through research and interventions. Nature. 2015 Nov 19; 527(7578):S155-60. PMID: 26580321.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Warf BC. "Who Is My Neighbor?" Global Neurosurgery in a Non-Zero-Sum World. World Neurosurg. 2015 Dec; 84(6):1547-9. PMID: 26265301.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Kahle KT, Kulkarni AV, Limbrick DD, Warf BC. Hydrocephalus in children. Lancet. 2016 Feb 20; 387(10020):788-99. PMID: 26256071.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Marano PJ, Stone SS, Mugamba J, Ssenyonga P, Warf EB, Warf BC. Reopening of an obstructed third ventriculostomy: long-term success and factors affecting outcome in 215 infants. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Apr; 15(4):399-405. PMID: 25658247.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Coelho G, Zanon N, Warf B. The role of simulation in neurosurgery. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Dec; 30(12):1997-2000. PMID: 25249419.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Coelho G, Zymberg S, Lyra M, Zanon N, Warf B. New anatomical simulator for pediatric neuroendoscopic practice. Childs Nerv Syst. 2015 Feb; 31(2):213-9. PMID: 25183391.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Coelho G, Warf B, Lyra M, Zanon N. Anatomical pediatric model for craniosynostosis surgical training. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Dec; 30(12):2009-14. PMID: 25183390.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Stone SS, Warf BC. Combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization as primary treatment for infant hydrocephalus: a prospective North American series. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Nov; 14(5):439-46. PMID: 25171723.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Choi H, Madsen JR, Scott RM, Warf BC, Cohen AR, Proctor MR, Huebenthal E, Jernigan SC, Goumnerova L. 183 Intracranial arachnoid cysts and hemorrhage. Neurosurgery. 2014 Aug; 61 Suppl 1:220. PMID: 25032634.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Warf BC. Three steps forward and 2 steps back: the Echternach procession toward optimal hydrocephalus treatment. Neurosurgery. 2014 Aug; 61 Suppl 1:105-10. PMID: 25032538.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Lane JD, Mugamba J, Ssenyonga P, Warf BC. Effectiveness of the Bactiseal Universal Shunt for reducing shunt infection in a sub-Saharan African context: a retrospective cohort study in 160 Ugandan children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Feb; 13(2):140-4. PMID: 24313655.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Stagno V, Mugamba J, Ssenyonga P, Kaaya BN, Warf BC. Presentation, pathology, and treatment outcome of brain tumors in 172 consecutive children at CURE Children's Hospital of Uganda. The predominance of the visible diagnosis and the uncertainties of epidemiology in sub-Saharan Africa. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Jan; 30(1):137-46. PMID: 24132516.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Cohen AR, Couto J, Cummings JJ, Johnson A, Joseph G, Kaufman BA, Litman RS, Menard MK, Moldenhauer JS, Pringle KC, Schwartz MZ, Walker WO, Warf BC, Wax JR. Position statement on fetal myelomeningocele repair. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Feb; 210(2):107-11. PMID: 24055581.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Kiwanuka J, Bazira J, Mwanga J, Tumusiime D, Nyesigire E, Lwanga N, Warf BC, Kapur V, Poss M, Schiff SJ. The microbial spectrum of neonatal sepsis in Uganda: recovery of culturable bacteria in mother-infant pairs. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e72775. PMID: 24013829; PMCID: PMC3754959.
  20. Warf BC. Congenital idiopathic hydrocephalus of infancy: the results of treatment by endoscopic third ventriculostomy with or without choroid plexus cauterization and suggestions for how it works. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013 Jun; 29(6):935-40. PMID: 23483331.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Warf BC, Bhai S, Kulkarni AV, Mugamba J. Shunt survival after failed endoscopic treatment of hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Dec; 10(6):463-70. PMID: 23039837.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Singla A, Silvera VM, Ciarlini P, Warf BC. Dysplastic-reactive choroid plexus presenting as an intramedullary tumor of the cervicomedullary junction in a patient with myelomeningocele. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Nov; 10(5):406-10. PMID: 22978638.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Schiff SJ, Ranjeva SL, Sauer TD, Warf BC. Rainfall drives hydrocephalus in East Africa. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Sep; 10(3):161-7. PMID: 22768966.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Warf BC, Tracy S, Mugamba J. Long-term outcome for endoscopic third ventriculostomy alone or in combination with choroid plexus cauterization for congenital aqueductal stenosis in African infants. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Aug; 10(2):108-11. PMID: 22747094.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Warf BC. Educate one to save a few. Educate a few to save many. World Neurosurg. 2013 Feb; 79(2 Suppl):S15.e15-8. PMID: 22521369.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Jernigan SC, Berry JG, Graham DA, Bauer SB, Karlin LI, Hobbs NM, Scott RM, Warf BC. Risk factors of sudden death in young adult patients with myelomeningocele. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Feb; 9(2):149-55. PMID: 22295919.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Warf BC. The impact of combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization on the management of pediatric hydrocephalus in developing countries. World Neurosurg. 2013 Feb; 79(2 Suppl):S23.e13-5. PMID: 22120411.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Warf BC, Alkire BC, Bhai S, Hughes C, Schiff SJ, Vincent JR, Meara JG. Costs and benefits of neurosurgical intervention for infant hydrocephalus in sub-Saharan Africa. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Nov; 8(5):509-21. PMID: 22044378.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Warf BC, Dagi AR, Kaaya BN, Schiff SJ. Five-year survival and outcome of treatment for postinfectious hydrocephalus in Ugandan infants. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Nov; 8(5):502-8. PMID: 22044377.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Warf BC. Hydrocephalus associated with neural tube defects: characteristics, management, and outcome in sub-Saharan Africa. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Oct; 27(10):1589-94. PMID: 21928025.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Warf BC, Campbell JW, Riddle E. Initial experience with combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization for post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus of prematurity: the importance of prepontine cistern status and the predictive value of FIESTA MRI imaging. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Jul; 27(7):1063-71. PMID: 21556955.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Warf BC, Wright EJ, Kulkarni AV. Factors affecting survival of infants with myelomeningocele in southeastern Uganda. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Feb; 7(2):127-33. PMID: 21284456.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Warf BC, Stagno V, Mugamba J. Encephalocele in Uganda: ethnic distinctions in lesion location, endoscopic management of hydrocephalus, and survival in 110 consecutive children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Jan; 7(1):88-93. PMID: 21194291.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Li L, Padhi A, Ranjeva SL, Donaldson SC, Warf BC, Mugamba J, Johnson D, Opio Z, Jayarao B, Kapur V, Poss M, Schiff SJ. Association of bacteria with hydrocephalus in Ugandan infants. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Jan; 7(1):73-87. PMID: 21194290.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Warf BC. Pediatric hydrocephalus in East Africa: prevalence, causes, treatments, and strategies for the future. World Neurosurg. 2010 Apr; 73(4):296-300. PMID: 20849782.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Warf BC, Mugamba J, Kulkarni AV. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the treatment of childhood hydrocephalus in Uganda: report of a scoring system that predicts success. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Feb; 5(2):143-8. PMID: 20121361.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Warf BC, Kulkarni AV. Intraoperative assessment of cerebral aqueduct patency and cisternal scarring: impact on success of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in 403 African children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Feb; 5(2):204-9. PMID: 20121373.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Warf BC. Neurosurgical humanitarian aid. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Jul; 4(1):1-2; discussion 2-3. PMID: 19569900.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Boling W, Palade A, Wabulya A, Longoni N, Warf B, Nestor S, Alpitsis R, Bittar R, Howard C, Andermann F. Surgery for pharmacoresistant epilepsy in the developing world: A pilot study. Epilepsia. 2009 May; 50(5):1256-61. PMID: 19175392.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Warf BC, Campbell JW. Combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization as primary treatment of hydrocephalus for infants with myelomeningocele: long-term results of a prospective intent-to-treat study in 115 East African infants. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2008 Nov; 2(5):310-6. PMID: 18976099.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Cappabianca P, Cinalli G, Gangemi M, Brunori A, Cavallo LM, de Divitiis E, Decq P, Delitala A, Di Rocco F, Frazee J, Godano U, Grotenhuis A, Longatti P, Mascari C, Nishihara T, Oi S, Rekate H, Schroeder HW, Souweidane MM, Spennato P, Tamburrini G, Teo C, Warf B, Zymberg ST. Application of neuroendoscopy to intraventricular lesions. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb; 62 Suppl 2:575-97; discussion 597-8. PMID: 18596446.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Warf BC. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization for pediatric hydrocephalus. Clin Neurosurg. 2007; 54:78-82. PMID: 18504900.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Warf BC. Comparison of endoscopic third ventriculostomy alone and combined with choroid plexus cauterization in infants younger than 1 year of age: a prospective study in 550 African children. J Neurosurg. 2005 Dec; 103(6 Suppl):475-81. PMID: 16383244.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Warf BC. Comparison of 1-year outcomes for the Chhabra and Codman-Hakim Micro Precision shunt systems in Uganda: a prospective study in 195 children. J Neurosurg. 2005 May; 102(4 Suppl):358-62. PMID: 15926385.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Warf BC. Hydrocephalus in Uganda: the predominance of infectious origin and primary management with endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg. 2005 Jan; 102(1 Suppl):1-15. PMID: 16206728.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Sacco DJ, Tylkowski CM, Warf BC. Nonselective partial dorsal rhizotomy: a clinical experience with 1-year follow-Up. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2000 Mar; 32(3):114-8. PMID: 10867556.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Warf BC, Donnelly MB, Schwartz RW, Sloan DA. The relative contributions of interpersonal and specific clinical skills to the perception of global clinical competence. J Surg Res. 1999 Sep; 86(1):17-23. PMID: 10452863.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Warf BC, Donnelly MB, Schwartz RW, Sloan DA. Interpreting the judgment of surgical faculty regarding resident competence. J Surg Res. 1999 Sep; 86(1):29-35. PMID: 10452865.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Fowler CL, Pulito AR, Warf BC, Vandenbrink KD. Separation of complex pygopagus conjoined twins. J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Apr; 34(4):619-22. PMID: 10235337.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Becherer TA, Davis DG, Hodes JE, Warf BC. Intracavernous teratoma in a school-aged child. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1999 Mar; 30(3):135-9. PMID: 10352416.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Kriss TC, Kriss VM, Warf BC. Cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis: case report. Neurosurgery. 1996 Aug; 39(2):385-9. PMID: 8832678.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Warf BC, Nelson KR. The electromyographic responses to dorsal rootlet stimulation during partial dorsal rhizotomy are inconsistent. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1996 Jul; 25(1):13-9. PMID: 9055329.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Kriss TC, Kriss VM, Warf BC. Recurrent meningitis: the search for the dermoid or epidermoid tumor. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1995 Aug; 14(8):697-700. PMID: 8532429.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Kriss TC, Warf BC. Cervical paraspinous desmoid tumor in a child: case report. Neurosurgery. 1994 Nov; 35(5):956-9; discussion 959. PMID: 7838349.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Warf BC, Scott RM, Barnes PD, Hendren WH. Tethered spinal cord in patients with anorectal and urogenital malformations. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1993; 19(1):25-30. PMID: 8422325.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Warf BC, Fok-Seang J, Miller RH. Evidence for the ventral origin of oligodendrocyte precursors in the rat spinal cord. J Neurosci. 1991 Aug; 11(8):2477-88. PMID: 1869925.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Mapstone TB, Warf BC. Intracranial tumor in infants: characteristics, management, and outcome of a contemporary series. Neurosurgery. 1991 Mar; 28(3):343-8. PMID: 2011214.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Warf BC, Mapstone TB. Ventral brain-stem compression from a subarachnoid ependymal cyst. Childs Nerv Syst. 1990 Jun; 6(4):225-7. PMID: 2200609.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Povirk LF, Dattagupta N, Warf BC, Goldberg IH. Neocarzinostatin chromophore binds to deoxyribonucleic acid by intercalation. Biochemistry. 1981 Jul 7; 20(14):4007-14. PMID: 6456758.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Kriss VM, Kriss TC, Desai NS, Warf BC. Occult spinal dysraphism in the infant. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1995 Dec; 34(12):650-4. PMID: 8665744.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Warf BC, Dewan M, Mugamba J. Management of Dandy-Walker complex-associated infant hydrocephalus by combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Oct; 8(4):377-83. PMID: 21961544.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Kulkarni AV, Warf BC, Drake JM, Mallucci CL, Sgouros S, Constantini S. Surgery for hydrocephalus in sub-Saharan Africa versus developed nations: a risk-adjusted comparison of outcome. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010 Dec; 26(12):1711-7. PMID: 20552204.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Warf B, Ondoma S, Kulkarni A, Donnelly R, Ampeire M, Akona J, Kabachelor CR, Mulondo R, Nsubuga BK. Neurocognitive outcome and ventricular volume in children with myelomeningocele treated for hydrocephalus in Uganda. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Dec; 4(6):564-70. PMID: 19951045.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Patel KB, Taghinia AH, Proctor MR, Warf BC, Greene AK. Extradural myelomeningocele reconstruction using local turnover fascial flaps and midline linear skin closure. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2012 Nov; 65(11):1569-72. PMID: 22503313.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Kriss VM, Kriss TC, Warf BC. Dorsal tethering bands of the meningocele manque: sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Nov; 167(5):1293-4. PMID: 8911198.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Lazebnik N, Pazmino R, Dierker LR, Takaoka Y, Warf BC. Maternal intracranial hemorrhage complicating severe superimposed preeclampsia. A case report. J Reprod Med. 1989 Oct; 34(10):857-60. PMID: 2795571.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Mandell JG, Kulkarni AV, Warf BC, Schiff SJ. Volumetric brain analysis in neurosurgery: Part 2. Brain and CSF volumes discriminate neurocognitive outcomes in hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Feb; 15(2):125-32. PMID: 25431901.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Mandell JG, Hill KL, Nguyen DT, Moser KW, Harbaugh RE, McInerney J, Nsubuga BK, Mugamba JK, Johnson D, Warf BC, Boling W, Webb AG, Schiff SJ. Volumetric brain analysis in neurosurgery: Part 3. Volumetric CT analysis as a predictor of seizure outcome following temporal lobectomy. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Feb; 15(2):133-43. PMID: 25431899.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Kestle JR, Kulkarni AV, Warf BC. Introduction: Pediatric hydrocephalus: a continuing evolution in our understanding and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov; 41(5):E1. PMID: 27798985.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Muir RT, Wang S, Warf BC. Global surgery for pediatric hydrocephalus in the developing world: a review of the history, challenges, and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov; 41(5):E11. PMID: 27798988.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Robson CD, MacDougall RD, Madsen JR, Warf BC, Robertson RL. Neuroimaging of Children With Surgically Treated Hydrocephalus: A Practical Approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Nov 15; 1-7. PMID: 27845838.
    View in: PubMed
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