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Meenakshi Rao, Ph.D., M.D.


Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, BaltimorePhD05/2007Neuroscience
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, BaltimoreMD05/2007Medicine


The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. R01DK130836 (RAO, MEENAKSHI) Aug 1, 2022 - May 31, 2027
    Microbial reactivation of sex steroids and visceral pain
    Role: Principal Investigator
  2. R03DK125636 (RAO, MEENAKSHI) Jul 10, 2020 - Apr 30, 2022
    Androgen Regulation of Colonic Motility
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. W81XWH1810639 (RAO, MEENAKSHI) Sep 30, 2018 - Mar 30, 2020
    U.S. Department of Defense
    New Tools for Investigating Enteric Neural Circuit Dysfunction in Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
    Role: Principal Investigator
  4. R13DK120291 (RAO, MEENAKSHI) Sep 1, 2018 - Aug 31, 2019
    Advances in Motility and in Gastroenterology-AIMING for the future
    Role: Principal Investigator
  5. K08DK110532 (RAO, MEENAKSHI) Aug 29, 2016 - May 31, 2021
    Enteric Glia, Sexual Dimorphism and GI Motility
    Role: Principal Investigator

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Chalazonitis A, Rao M, Sulzer D. Similarities and differences between nigral and enteric dopaminergic neurons unravel distinctive involvement in Parkinson's disease. NPJ Parkinsons Dis. 2022 Apr 22; 8(1):50. PMID: 35459867; PMCID: PMC9033791.
  2. Middelhoff M, Valenti G, Tomassoni L, Ochiai Y, Belin B, Takahashi R, Malagola E, Nienhüser H, Finlayson M, Hayakawa Y, Zamechek LB, Renz BW, Westphalen CB, Quante M, Margolis KG, Sims PA, Laise P, Califano A, Rao M, Gershon MD, Wang TC. Adult enteric Dclk1-positive glial and neuronal cells reveal distinct responses to acute intestinal injury. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2022 06 01; 322(6):G583-G597. PMID: 35319286; PMCID: PMC9109794.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  3. Rastelli D, Robinson A, Lagomarsino VN, Matthews LT, Hassan R, Perez K, Dan W, Yim PD, Mixer M, Prochera A, Shepherd A, Sun L, Hall K, Ballou S, Lembo A, Nee J, Rao M. Diminished androgen levels are linked to irritable bowel syndrome and cause bowel dysfunction in mice. J Clin Invest. 2022 01 18; 132(2). PMID: 34847080; PMCID: PMC8759776.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  4. Dan W, Park GH, Vemaraju S, Wu AD, Perez K, Rao M, Berkowitz DE, Lang RA, Yim PD. Light-Mediated Inhibition of Colonic Smooth Muscle Constriction and Colonic Motility via Opsin 3. Front Physiol. 2021; 12:744294. PMID: 34975518; PMCID: PMC8716924.
    Citations: 1     
  5. Rao M, Bogunovic M. Enteric glia worm their way into gut immunity. Immunity. 2021 12 14; 54(12):2698-2700. PMID: 34910939.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Cells
  6. Rosenberg HJ, Rao M. Enteric glia in homeostasis and disease: From fundamental biology to human pathology. iScience. 2021 Aug 20; 24(8):102863. PMID: 34401661.
    Citations: 4     
  7. Yan Y, Ramanan D, Rozenberg M, McGovern K, Rastelli D, Vijaykumar B, Yaghi O, Voisin T, Mosaheb M, Chiu I, Itzkovitz S, Rao M, Mathis D, Benoist C. Interleukin-6 produced by enteric neurons regulates the number and phenotype of microbe-responsive regulatory T cells in the gut. Immunity. 2021 03 09; 54(3):499-513.e5. PMID: 33691135; PMCID: PMC8133394.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  8. Ambartsumyan L, Khlevner J, Nurko S, Rosen R, Kaul A, Pandolfino JE, Ratcliffe E, Yacob D, Li BUK, Punati J, Sood M, Rao SSC, Levitt MA, Cocjin JT, Rodriguez L, Flores A, Rosen JM, Belkind-Gerson J, Saps M, Garza JM, Fortunato JE, Schroedl RL, Keefer LA, Friedlander J, Heuckeroth RO, Rao M, El-Chammas K, Vaz K, Chumpitazi BP, Sanghavi R, Matta SKR, Danialifar T, Di Lorenzo C, Darbari A. Proceedings of the 2018 Advances In Motility and In NeuroGastroenterology: AIMING for the Future Single Topic Symposium. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 08; 71(2):e59-e67. PMID: 32287151; PMCID: PMC8451965.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  9. Rutlin M, Rastelli D, Kuo WT, Estep JA, Louis A, Riccomagno MM, Turner JR, Rao M. The Villin1 Gene Promoter Drives Cre Recombinase Expression in Extraintestinal Tissues. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020; 10(4):864-867.e5. PMID: 32464312.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  10. Chalazonitis A, Li Z, Pham TD, Chen J, Rao M, Lindholm P, Saarma M, Lindahl M, Gershon MD. Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor is essential for enteric neuronal development, maintenance, and regulation of gastrointestinal transit. J Comp Neurol. 2020 10; 528(14):2420-2444. PMID: 32154930.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  11. Rao M. An increasingly complex view of intestinal motility. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 02; 17(2):72-73. PMID: 31811278.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  12. Lai NY, Musser MA, Pinho-Ribeiro FA, Baral P, Jacobson A, Ma P, Potts DE, Chen Z, Paik D, Soualhi S, Yan Y, Misra A, Goldstein K, Lagomarsino VN, Nordstrom A, Sivanathan KN, Wallrapp A, Kuchroo VK, Nowarski R, Starnbach MN, Shi H, Surana NK, An D, Wu C, Huh JR, Rao M, Chiu IM. Gut-Innervating Nociceptor Neurons Regulate Peyer's Patch Microfold Cells and SFB Levels to Mediate Salmonella Host Defense. Cell. 2020 01 09; 180(1):33-49.e22. PMID: 31813624.
    Citations: 84     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  13. Lindahl M, Chalazonitis A, Palm E, Pakarinen E, Danilova T, Pham TD, Setlik W, Rao M, Võikar V, Huotari J, Kopra J, Andressoo JO, Piepponen PT, Airavaara M, Panhelainen A, Gershon MD, Saarma M. Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor-deficiency leads to degeneration of enteric neurons and altered brain dopamine neuronal function in mice. Neurobiol Dis. 2020 02; 134:104696. PMID: 31783118.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  14. Jazayeri A, Nonga D, Rao M. The Key to a Boy's Heart Is Through His Intestine. Gastroenterology. 2020 04; 158(5):1226-1228. PMID: 31560902.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  15. Russell JP, Mohammadi E, Ligon CO, Johnson AC, Gershon MD, Rao M, Shen Y, Chan CC, Eidam HS, DeMartino MP, Cheung M, Oliff AI, Kumar S, Greenwood-Van Meerveld B. Exploring the Potential of RET Kinase Inhibition for Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Preclinical Investigation in Rodent Models of Colonic Hypersensitivity. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2019 02; 368(2):299-307. PMID: 30413627; PMCID: PMC6346376.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  16. Kulkarni S, Ganz J, Bayrer J, Becker L, Bogunovic M, Rao M. Advances in Enteric Neurobiology: The "Brain" in the Gut in Health and Disease. J Neurosci. 2018 10 31; 38(44):9346-9354. PMID: 30381426; PMCID: PMC6209840.
    Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  17. Rao M, Gershon MD. Enteric nervous system development: what could possibly go wrong? Nat Rev Neurosci. 2018 09; 19(9):552-565. PMID: 30046054; PMCID: PMC6261281.
    Citations: 51     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  18. Chalazonitis A, Rao M. Enteric nervous system manifestations of neurodegenerative disease. Brain Res. 2018 08 15; 1693(Pt B):207-213. PMID: 29360466; PMCID: PMC6003851.
    Citations: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  19. Rao M, Rastelli D, Dong L, Chiu S, Setlik W, Gershon MD, Corfas G. Enteric Glia Regulate Gastrointestinal Motility but Are Not Required for Maintenance of the Epithelium in Mice. Gastroenterology. 2017 10; 153(4):1068-1081.e7. PMID: 28711628; PMCID: PMC5623141.
    Citations: 50     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  20. Rao M, Gershon MD. Neurogastroenterology: The dynamic cycle of life in the enteric nervous system. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 08; 14(8):453-454. PMID: 28655880.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    
  21. Rao M, Gershon MD. The bowel and beyond: the enteric nervous system in neurological disorders. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 09; 13(9):517-28. PMID: 27435372.
    Citations: 134     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  22. Rao M, Nelms BD, Dong L, Salinas-Rios V, Rutlin M, Gershon MD, Corfas G. Enteric glia express proteolipid protein 1 and are a transcriptionally unique population of glia in the mammalian nervous system. Glia. 2015 Nov; 63(11):2040-2057. PMID: 26119414.
    Citations: 75     Fields:    
  23. Tomer G, Xanthakos S, Kim S, Rao M, Book L, Litman HJ, Fishman LN. Perceptions of gender equality in work-life balance, salary, promotion, and harassment: results of the NASPGHAN task force survey. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Apr; 60(4):481-5. PMID: 25419680.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  24. Rao M, Gershon MD. Bugs, guts, and glia: how microbiota influence enteric gliogenesis and migration. Neuron. 2015 Jan 21; 85(2):229-30. PMID: 25611502.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  25. Worthley DL, Churchill M, Compton JT, Tailor Y, Rao M, Si Y, Levin D, Schwartz MG, Uygur A, Hayakawa Y, Gross S, Renz BW, Setlik W, Martinez AN, Chen X, Nizami S, Lee HG, Kang HP, Caldwell JM, Asfaha S, Westphalen CB, Graham T, Jin G, Nagar K, Wang H, Kheirbek MA, Kolhe A, Carpenter J, Glaire M, Nair A, Renders S, Manieri N, Muthupalani S, Fox JG, Reichert M, Giraud AS, Schwabe RF, Pradere JP, Walton K, Prakash A, Gumucio D, Rustgi AK, Stappenbeck TS, Friedman RA, Gershon MD, Sims P, Grikscheit T, Lee FY, Karsenty G, Mukherjee S, Wang TC. Gremlin 1 identifies a skeletal stem cell with bone, cartilage, and reticular stromal potential. Cell. 2015 Jan 15; 160(1-2):269-84. PMID: 25594183.
    Citations: 287     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  26. Srinath A, Rao M, Husain SZ. New NASPGHAN research agenda to target the public. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Feb; 58(2):142-3. PMID: 24458217.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  27. Sabharwal P, Lee C, Park S, Rao M, Sockanathan S. GDE2 regulates subtype-specific motor neuron generation through inhibition of Notch signaling. Neuron. 2011 Sep 22; 71(6):1058-70. PMID: 21943603.
    Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  28. Yan Y, Sabharwal P, Rao M, Sockanathan S. The antioxidant enzyme Prdx1 controls neuronal differentiation by thiol-redox-dependent activation of GDE2. Cell. 2009 Sep 18; 138(6):1209-21. PMID: 19766572.
    Citations: 42     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  29. Rao M, Sockanathan S. Transmembrane protein GDE2 induces motor neuron differentiation in vivo. Science. 2005 Sep 30; 309(5744):2212-5. PMID: 16195461.
    Citations: 38     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  30. Rao M, Sockanathan S. Molecular mechanisms of RNAi: implications for development and disease. Birth Defects Res C Embryo Today. 2005 Mar; 75(1):28-42. PMID: 15838922.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  31. Rao M, Baraban JH, Rajaii F, Sockanathan S. In vivo comparative study of RNAi methodologies by in ovo electroporation in the chick embryo. Dev Dyn. 2004 Nov; 231(3):592-600. PMID: 15376322.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.