Harvard Catalyst Profiles

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Empiricism

"Empiricism" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity.

One of the principal schools of medical philosophy in ancient Greece and Rome. It developed in Alexandria between 270 and 220 B.C., the only one to have any success in reviving the essentials of the Hippocratic concept. The Empiricists declared that the search for ultimate causes of phenomena was vain, but they were active in endeavoring to discover immediate causes. The "tripod of the Empirics" was their own chance observations (experience), learning obtained from contemporaries and predecessors (experience of others), and, in the case of new diseases, the formation of conclusions from other diseases which they resembled (analogy). Empiricism enjoyed sporadic continuing popularity in later centuries up to the nineteenth. (From Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p186; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)


This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Empiricism" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Empiricism" was a major or minor topic of these publication.
Bar chart showing 5 publications over 5 distinct years, with a maximum of 1 publications in 1998 and 2001 and 2005 and 2007 and 2009
To see the data from this visualization as text, click here.
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