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profileFrederick W. Alt, PH.D.

TitleCharles A. Janeway Professor of Pediatrics
InstitutionChildren's Hospital Boston
DepartmentPediatrics
AddressChildren's Hospital
Karp Family Research Bldg, Room 09216
300 Longwood Ave
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/919-2539
Fax617/730-0948
vCardDownload vCard (login for email)
Other Positions
TitleProfessor of Genetics
InstitutionChildren's Hospital Boston
DepartmentGenetics


Collapse Bibliographic 
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Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Bank I, DePinho RA, Brenner MB, Cassimeris J, Alt FW, Chess L. Pillars Article: A Functional T3 Molecule Associated with a Novel Heterodimer on the Surface of Immature Human Thymocytes. Nature. 1986. 322: 179-181. J Immunol. 2016 May 1; 196(9):3514-6. PMID: 27183648.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Hu J, Meyers RM, Dong J, Panchakshari RA, Alt FW, Frock RL. Detecting DNA double-stranded breaks in mammalian genomes by linear amplification-mediated high-throughput genome-wide translocation sequencing. Nat Protoc. 2016 May; 11(5):853-71. PMID: 27031497.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Schwer B, Wei PC, Chang AN, Kao J, Du Z, Meyers RM, Alt FW. Transcription-associated processes cause DNA double-strand breaks and translocations in neural stem/progenitor cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Feb 23; 113(8):2258-63. PMID: 26873106.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Wei PC, Chang AN, Kao J, Du Z, Meyers RM, Alt FW, Schwer B. Long Neural Genes Harbor Recurrent DNA Break Clusters in Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells. Cell. 2016 Feb 11; 164(4):644-55. PMID: 26871630.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Garot A, Marquet M, Saintamand A, Bender S, Le Noir S, Rouaud P, Carrion C, Oruc Z, Bébin AG, Moreau J, Lebrigand K, Denizot Y, Alt FW, Cogné M, Pinaud E. Sequential activation and distinct functions for distal and proximal modules within the IgH 3' regulatory region. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Feb 9; 113(6):1618-23. PMID: 26831080.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Yeap LS, Hwang JK, Du Z, Meyers RM, Meng FL, Jakubauskaite A, Liu M, Mani V, Neuberg D, Kepler TB, Wang JH, Alt FW. Sequence-Intrinsic Mechanisms that Target AID Mutational Outcomes on Antibody Genes. Cell. 2015 Nov 19; 163(5):1124-37. PMID: 26582132.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Hu J, Zhang Y, Zhao L, Frock RL, Du Z, Meyers RM, Meng FL, Schatz DG, Alt FW. Chromosomal Loop Domains Direct the Recombination of Antigen Receptor Genes. Cell. 2015 Nov 5; 163(4):947-59. PMID: 26593423; PMCID: PMC4660266 [Available on 11/05/16].
  8. Dong J, Panchakshari RA, Zhang T, Zhang Y, Hu J, Volpi SA, Meyers RM, Ho YJ, Du Z, Robbiani DF, Meng F, Gostissa M, Nussenzweig MC, Manis JP, Alt FW. Orientation-specific joining of AID-initiated DNA breaks promotes antibody class switching. Nature. 2015 Sep 3; 525(7567):134-9. PMID: 26308889; PMCID: PMC4592165 [Available on 03/03/16].
  9. Ba Z, Meng FL, Gostissa M, Huang PY, Ke Q, Wang Z, Dao MN, Fujiwara Y, Rajewsky K, Zhang B, Alt FW. A Rapid Embryonic Stem Cell-Based Mouse Model for B-cell Lymphomas Driven by Epstein-Barr Virus Protein LMP1. Cancer Immunol Res. 2015 Jun; 3(6):641-9. PMID: 25934172; PMCID: PMC4456688 [Available on 06/01/16].
  10. Zhang B, Calado DP, Wang Z, Fröhler S, Köchert K, Qian Y, Koralov SB, Schmidt-Supprian M, Sasaki Y, Unitt C, Rodig S, Chen W, Dalla-Favera R, Alt FW, Pasqualucci L, Rajewsky K. An oncogenic role for alternative NF-?B signaling in DLBCL revealed upon deregulated BCL6 expression. Cell Rep. 2015 May 5; 11(5):715-26. PMID: 25921526; PMCID: PMC4426003 [Available on 05/05/16].
  11. Jiang W, Lee BJ, Li C, Dubois RL, Gostissa M, Alt FW, Zha S. Aberrant TCRd rearrangement underlies the T-cell lymphocytopenia and t(12;14) translocation associated with ATM deficiency. Blood. 2015 Apr 23; 125(17):2665-8. PMID: 25721125; PMCID: PMC4408291.
  12. Hwang JK, Alt FW, Yeap LS. Related Mechanisms of Antibody Somatic Hypermutation and Class Switch Recombination. Microbiol Spectr. 2015 Feb; 3(1):MDNA3-0037-2014. PMID: 26104555; PMCID: PMC4481323.
  13. Lin SG, Guo C, Su A, Zhang Y, Alt FW. CTCF-binding elements 1 and 2 in the Igh intergenic control region cooperatively regulate V(D)J recombination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 10; 112(6):1815-20. PMID: 25624508; PMCID: PMC4330762.
  14. Frock RL, Hu J, Meyers RM, Ho YJ, Kii E, Alt FW. Genome-wide detection of DNA double-stranded breaks induced by engineered nucleases. Nat Biotechnol. 2015 Feb; 33(2):179-86. PMID: 25503383; PMCID: PMC4320661.
  15. Meng FL, Du Z, Federation A, Hu J, Wang Q, Kieffer-Kwon KR, Meyers RM, Amor C, Wasserman CR, Neuberg D, Casellas R, Nussenzweig MC, Bradner JE, Liu XS, Alt FW. Convergent transcription at intragenic super-enhancers targets AID-initiated genomic instability. Cell. 2014 Dec 18; 159(7):1538-48. PMID: 25483776; PMCID: PMC4322776 [Available on 12/18/15].
  16. Hu J, Tepsuporn S, Meyers RM, Gostissa M, Alt FW. Developmental propagation of V(D)J recombination-associated DNA breaks and translocations in mature B cells via dicentric chromosomes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 15; 111(28):10269-74. PMID: 24982162; PMCID: PMC4104897.
  17. Tepsuporn S, Hu J, Gostissa M, Alt FW. Mechanisms that can promote peripheral B-cell lymphoma in ATM-deficient mice. Cancer Immunol Res. 2014 Sep; 2(9):857-66. PMID: 24913718; PMCID: PMC4156541.
  18. Kumar V, Alt FW, Oksenych V. Reprint of "Functional overlaps between XLF and the ATM-dependent DNA double strand break response". DNA Repair (Amst). 2014 May; 17:52-63. PMID: 24767946.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Macdonald LE, Karow M, Stevens S, Auerbach W, Poueymirou WT, Yasenchak J, Frendewey D, Valenzuela DM, Giallourakis CC, Alt FW, Yancopoulos GD, Murphy AJ. Precise and in situ genetic humanization of 6 Mb of mouse immunoglobulin genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Apr 8; 111(14):5147-52. PMID: 24706858; PMCID: PMC3986150.
  20. Kumar V, Alt FW, Oksenych V. Functional overlaps between XLF and the ATM-dependent DNA double strand break response. DNA Repair (Amst). 2014 Apr; 16:11-22. PMID: 24674624; PMCID: PMC4017585.
  21. Gostissa M, Schwer B, Chang A, Dong J, Meyers RM, Marecki GT, Choi VW, Chiarle R, Zarrin AA, Alt FW. IgH class switching exploits a general property of two DNA breaks to be joined in cis over long chromosomal distances. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Feb 18; 111(7):2644-9. PMID: 24550291; PMCID: PMC3932927.
  22. Alt F, Reth M. Michael Neuberger (1953-2013). Immunity. 2013 Dec 12; 39(6):987-8. PMID: 24479157.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Lee YN, Frugoni F, Dobbs K, Walter JE, Giliani S, Gennery AR, Al-Herz W, Haddad E, LeDeist F, Bleesing JH, Henderson LA, Pai SY, Nelson RP, El-Ghoneimy DH, El-Feky RA, Reda SM, Hossny E, Soler-Palacin P, Fuleihan RL, Patel NC, Massaad MJ, Geha RS, Puck JM, Palma P, Cancrini C, Chen K, Vihinen M, Alt FW, Notarangelo LD. A systematic analysis of recombination activity and genotype-phenotype correlation in human recombination-activating gene 1 deficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Apr; 133(4):1099-108. PMID: 24290284; PMCID: PMC4005599.
  24. Shin J, He M, Liu Y, Paredes S, Villanova L, Brown K, Qiu X, Nabavi N, Mohrin M, Wojnoonski K, Li P, Cheng HL, Murphy AJ, Valenzuela DM, Luo H, Kapahi P, Krauss R, Mostoslavsky R, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW, Chua KF, Chen D. SIRT7 represses Myc activity to suppress ER stress and prevent fatty liver disease. Cell Rep. 2013 Nov 14; 5(3):654-65. PMID: 24210820; PMCID: PMC3888240.
  25. Dougan SK, Ashour J, Karssemeijer RA, Popp MW, Avalos AM, Barisa M, Altenburg AF, Ingram JR, Cragnolini JJ, Guo C, Alt FW, Jaenisch R, Ploegh HL. Antigen-specific B-cell receptor sensitizes B cells to infection by influenza virus. Nature. 2013 Nov 21; 503(7476):406-9. PMID: 24141948; PMCID: PMC3863936.
  26. Medvedovic J, Ebert A, Tagoh H, Tamir IM, Schwickert TA, Novatchkova M, Sun Q, Huis In 't Veld PJ, Guo C, Yoon HS, Denizot Y, Holwerda SJ, de Laat W, Cogné M, Shi Y, Alt FW, Busslinger M. Flexible long-range loops in the VH gene region of the Igh locus facilitate the generation of a diverse antibody repertoire. Immunity. 2013 Aug 22; 39(2):229-44. PMID: 23973221.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Wesemann DR, Portuguese AJ, Meyers RM, Gallagher MP, Cluff-Jones K, Magee JM, Panchakshari RA, Rodig SJ, Kepler TB, Alt FW. Microbial colonization influences early B-lineage development in the gut lamina propria. Nature. 2013 Sep 5; 501(7465):112-5. PMID: 23965619; PMCID: PMC3807868.
  28. Callen E, Di Virgilio M, Kruhlak MJ, Nieto-Soler M, Wong N, Chen HT, Faryabi RB, Polato F, Santos M, Starnes LM, Wesemann DR, Lee JE, Tubbs A, Sleckman BP, Daniel JA, Ge K, Alt FW, Fernandez-Capetillo O, Nussenzweig MC, Nussenzweig A. 53BP1 mediates productive and mutagenic DNA repair through distinct phosphoprotein interactions. Cell. 2013 Jun 6; 153(6):1266-80. PMID: 23727112; PMCID: PMC3713552.
  29. Alt F, Almouzni G. Genome architecture and expression. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2013 Apr; 23(2):79-80. PMID: 23642835.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Shi W, Bain AL, Schwer B, Al-Ejeh F, Smith C, Wong L, Chai H, Miranda MS, Ho U, Kawaguchi M, Miura Y, Finnie JW, Wall M, Heierhorst J, Wicking C, Spring KJ, Alt FW, Khanna KK. Essential developmental, genomic stability, and tumour suppressor functions of the mouse orthologue of hSSB1/NABP2. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(2):e1003298. PMID: 23408915; PMCID: PMC3567186.
  31. Gostissa M, Bianco JM, Malkin DJ, Kutok JL, Rodig SJ, Morse HC, Bassing CH, Alt FW. Conditional inactivation of p53 in mature B cells promotes generation of nongerminal center-derived B-cell lymphomas. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Feb 19; 110(8):2934-9. PMID: 23382223; PMCID: PMC3581964.
  32. Alt FW, Zhang Y, Meng FL, Guo C, Schwer B. Mechanisms of programmed DNA lesions and genomic instability in the immune system. Cell. 2013 Jan 31; 152(3):417-29. PMID: 23374339; PMCID: PMC4382911.
  33. Selimyan R, Gerstein RM, Ivanova I, Precht P, Subrahmanyam R, Perlot T, Alt FW, Sen R. Localized DNA demethylation at recombination intermediates during immunoglobulin heavy chain gene assembly. PLoS Biol. 2013; 11(1):e1001475. PMID: 23382652; PMCID: PMC3558432.
  34. Rass E, Chandramouly G, Zha S, Alt FW, Xie A. Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is dispensable for endonuclease I-SceI-induced homologous recombination in mouse embryonic stem cells. J Biol Chem. 2013 Mar 8; 288(10):7086-95. PMID: 23355489; PMCID: PMC3591618.
  35. Oksenych V, Kumar V, Liu X, Guo C, Schwer B, Zha S, Alt FW. Functional redundancy between the XLF and DNA-PKcs DNA repair factors in V(D)J recombination and nonhomologous DNA end joining. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Feb 5; 110(6):2234-9. PMID: 23345432; PMCID: PMC3568359.
  36. Subrahmanyam R, Du H, Ivanova I, Chakraborty T, Ji Y, Zhang Y, Alt FW, Schatz DG, Sen R. Localized epigenetic changes induced by DH recombination restricts recombinase to DJH junctions. Nat Immunol. 2012 Dec; 13(12):1205-12. PMID: 23104096; PMCID: PMC3685187.
  37. Garber JJ, Takeshima F, Antón IM, Oyoshi MK, Lyubimova A, Kapoor A, Shibata T, Chen F, Alt FW, Geha RS, Leong JM, Snapper SB. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and vaccinia virus do not require the family of WASP-interacting proteins for pathogen-induced actin assembly. Infect Immun. 2012 Dec; 80(12):4071-7. PMID: 22966049; PMCID: PMC3497443.
  38. Wesemann DR, Portuguese AJ, Magee JM, Gallagher MP, Zhou X, Panchakshari RA, Alt FW. Reprogramming IgH isotype-switched B cells to functional-grade induced pluripotent stem cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Aug 21; 109(34):13745-50. PMID: 22869756; PMCID: PMC3427115.
  39. Westerberg LS, Dahlberg C, Baptista M, Moran CJ, Detre C, Keszei M, Eston MA, Alt FW, Terhorst C, Notarangelo LD, Snapper SB. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and N-WASP are critical for peripheral B-cell development and function. Blood. 2012 Apr 26; 119(17):3966-74. PMID: 22411869; PMCID: PMC3350364.
  40. Zhang Y, McCord RP, Ho YJ, Lajoie BR, Hildebrand DG, Simon AC, Becker MS, Alt FW, Dekker J. Spatial organization of the mouse genome and its role in recurrent chromosomal translocations. Cell. 2012 Mar 2; 148(5):908-21. PMID: 22341456; PMCID: PMC3320767.
  41. Oksenych V, Alt FW, Kumar V, Schwer B, Wesemann DR, Hansen E, Patel H, Su A, Guo C. Functional redundancy between repair factor XLF and damage response mediator 53BP1 in V(D)J recombination and DNA repair. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 14; 109(7):2455-60. PMID: 22308489; PMCID: PMC3289340.
  42. Boboila C, Oksenych V, Gostissa M, Wang JH, Zha S, Zhang Y, Chai H, Lee CS, Jankovic M, Saez LM, Nussenzweig MC, McKinnon PJ, Alt FW, Schwer B. Robust chromosomal DNA repair via alternative end-joining in the absence of X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1 (XRCC1). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 14; 109(7):2473-8. PMID: 22308491; PMCID: PMC3289296.
  43. Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Developmentally controlled and tissue-specific expression of unrearranged VH gene segments. Cell. 1985. 40: 271-281. J Immunol. 2012 Jan 1; 188(1):10-20. PMID: 22187482.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Boboila C, Alt FW, Schwer B. Classical and alternative end-joining pathways for repair of lymphocyte-specific and general DNA double-strand breaks. Adv Immunol. 2012; 116:1-49. PMID: 23063072.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Wesemann DR, Magee JM, Boboila C, Calado DP, Gallagher MP, Portuguese AJ, Manis JP, Zhou X, Recher M, Rajewsky K, Notarangelo LD, Alt FW. Immature B cells preferentially switch to IgE with increased direct Sµ to Se recombination. J Exp Med. 2011 Dec 19; 208(13):2733-46. PMID: 22143888; PMCID: PMC3244039.
  46. Hirschey MD, Shimazu T, Jing E, Grueter CA, Collins AM, Aouizerat B, Stancáková A, Goetzman E, Lam MM, Schwer B, Stevens RD, Muehlbauer MJ, Kakar S, Bass NM, Kuusisto J, Laakso M, Alt FW, Newgard CB, Farese RV, Kahn CR, Verdin E. SIRT3 deficiency and mitochondrial protein hyperacetylation accelerate the development of the metabolic syndrome. Mol Cell. 2011 Oct 21; 44(2):177-90. PMID: 21856199; PMCID: PMC3563434.
  47. Chiarle R, Zhang Y, Frock RL, Lewis SM, Molinie B, Ho YJ, Myers DR, Choi VW, Compagno M, Malkin DJ, Neuberg D, Monti S, Giallourakis CC, Gostissa M, Alt FW. Genome-wide translocation sequencing reveals mechanisms of chromosome breaks and rearrangements in B cells. Cell. 2011 Sep 30; 147(1):107-19. PMID: 21962511; PMCID: PMC3186939.
  48. Guo C, Yoon HS, Franklin A, Jain S, Ebert A, Cheng HL, Hansen E, Despo O, Bossen C, Vettermann C, Bates JG, Richards N, Myers D, Patel H, Gallagher M, Schlissel MS, Murre C, Busslinger M, Giallourakis CC, Alt FW. CTCF-binding elements mediate control of V(D)J recombination. Nature. 2011 Sep 22; 477(7365):424-30. PMID: 21909113; PMCID: PMC3342812.
  49. Gutierrez A, Kentsis A, Sanda T, Holmfeldt L, Chen SC, Zhang J, Protopopov A, Chin L, Dahlberg SE, Neuberg DS, Silverman LB, Winter SS, Hunger SP, Sallan SE, Zha S, Alt FW, Downing JR, Mullighan CG, Look AT. The BCL11B tumor suppressor is mutated across the major molecular subtypes of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood. 2011 Oct 13; 118(15):4169-73. PMID: 21878675; PMCID: PMC3204734.
  50. Jeevan-Raj BP, Robert I, Heyer V, Page A, Wang JH, Cammas F, Alt FW, Losson R, Reina-San-Martin B. Epigenetic tethering of AID to the donor switch region during immunoglobulin class switch recombination. J Exp Med. 2011 Aug 1; 208(8):1649-60. PMID: 21746811; PMCID: PMC3149220.
  51. Ise W, Kohyama M, Schraml BU, Zhang T, Schwer B, Basu U, Alt FW, Tang J, Oltz EM, Murphy TL, Murphy KM. The transcription factor BATF controls the global regulators of class-switch recombination in both B cells and T cells. Nat Immunol. 2011 Jun; 12(6):536-43. PMID: 21572431; PMCID: PMC3117275.
  52. Guo C, Alt FW, Giallourakis C. PAIRing for distal Igh locus V(D)J recombination. Immunity. 2011 Feb 25; 34(2):139-41. PMID: 21349424.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Green MR, Monti S, Dalla-Favera R, Pasqualucci L, Walsh NC, Schmidt-Supprian M, Kutok JL, Rodig SJ, Neuberg DS, Rajewsky K, Golub TR, Alt FW, Shipp MA, Manis JP. Signatures of murine B-cell development implicate Yy1 as a regulator of the germinal center-specific program. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Feb 15; 108(7):2873-8. PMID: 21282644; PMCID: PMC3041080.
  54. Basu U, Meng FL, Keim C, Grinstein V, Pefanis E, Eccleston J, Zhang T, Myers D, Wasserman CR, Wesemann DR, Januszyk K, Gregory RI, Deng H, Lima CD, Alt FW. The RNA exosome targets the AID cytidine deaminase to both strands of transcribed duplex DNA substrates. Cell. 2011 Feb 4; 144(3):353-63. PMID: 21255825; PMCID: PMC3065114.
  55. Zha S, Jiang W, Fujiwara Y, Patel H, Goff PH, Brush JW, Dubois RL, Alt FW. Ataxia telangiectasia-mutated protein and DNA-dependent protein kinase have complementary V(D)J recombination functions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Feb 1; 108(5):2028-33. PMID: 21245310; PMCID: PMC3033273.
  56. Eccleston J, Yan C, Yuan K, Alt FW, Selsing E. Mismatch repair proteins MSH2, MLH1, and EXO1 are important for class-switch recombination events occurring in B cells that lack nonhomologous end joining. J Immunol. 2011 Feb 15; 186(4):2336-43. PMID: 21242524; PMCID: PMC3072809.
  57. Gostissa M, Alt FW, Chiarle R. Mechanisms that promote and suppress chromosomal translocations in lymphocytes. Annu Rev Immunol. 2011; 29:319-50. PMID: 21219174.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Zha S, Guo C, Boboila C, Oksenych V, Cheng HL, Zhang Y, Wesemann DR, Yuen G, Patel H, Goff PH, Dubois RL, Alt FW. ATM damage response and XLF repair factor are functionally redundant in joining DNA breaks. Nature. 2011 Jan 13; 469(7329):250-4. PMID: 21160472; PMCID: PMC3058373.
  59. Giallourakis CC, Franklin A, Guo C, Cheng HL, Yoon HS, Gallagher M, Perlot T, Andzelm M, Murphy AJ, Macdonald LE, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Elements between the IgH variable (V) and diversity (D) clusters influence antisense transcription and lineage-specific V(D)J recombination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Dec 21; 107(51):22207-12. PMID: 21123744; PMCID: PMC3009784.
  60. Shimazu T, Hirschey MD, Hua L, Dittenhafer-Reed KE, Schwer B, Lombard DB, Li Y, Bunkenborg J, Alt FW, Denu JM, Jacobson MP, Verdin E. SIRT3 deacetylates mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA synthase 2 and regulates ketone body production. Cell Metab. 2010 Dec 1; 12(6):654-61. PMID: 21109197; PMCID: PMC3310379.
  61. Schwer B, Schumacher B, Lombard DB, Xiao C, Kurtev MV, Gao J, Schneider JI, Chai H, Bronson RT, Tsai LH, Deng CX, Alt FW. Neural sirtuin 6 (Sirt6) ablation attenuates somatic growth and causes obesity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Dec 14; 107(50):21790-4. PMID: 21098266.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Perlot T, Pawlitzky I, Manis JP, Zarrin AA, Brodeur PH, Alt FW. Analysis of mice lacking DNaseI hypersensitive sites at the 5' end of the IgH locus. PLoS One. 2010; 5(11):e13992. PMID: 21085586; PMCID: PMC2981565.
  63. Zha S, Bassing CH, Sanda T, Brush JW, Patel H, Goff PH, Murphy MM, Tepsuporn S, Gatti RA, Look AT, Alt FW. ATM-deficient thymic lymphoma is associated with aberrant tcrd rearrangement and gene amplification. J Exp Med. 2010 Jul 5; 207(7):1369-80. PMID: 20566716; PMCID: PMC2901073.
  64. Walter JE, Rucci F, Patrizi L, Recher M, Regenass S, Paganini T, Keszei M, Pessach I, Lang PA, Poliani PL, Giliani S, Al-Herz W, Cowan MJ, Puck JM, Bleesing J, Niehues T, Schuetz C, Malech H, DeRavin SS, Facchetti F, Gennery AR, Andersson E, Kamani NR, Sekiguchi J, Alenezi HM, Chinen J, Dbaibo G, ElGhazali G, Fontana A, Pasic S, Detre C, Terhorst C, Alt FW, Notarangelo LD. Expansion of immunoglobulin-secreting cells and defects in B cell tolerance in Rag-dependent immunodeficiency. J Exp Med. 2010 Jul 5; 207(7):1541-54. PMID: 20547827; PMCID: PMC2901061.
  65. Westerberg LS, Meelu P, Baptista M, Eston MA, Adamovich DA, Cotta-de-Almeida V, Seed B, Rosen MK, Vandenberghe P, Thrasher AJ, Klein C, Alt FW, Snapper SB. Activating WASP mutations associated with X-linked neutropenia result in enhanced actin polymerization, altered cytoskeletal responses, and genomic instability in lymphocytes. J Exp Med. 2010 Jun 7; 207(6):1145-52. PMID: 20513746; PMCID: PMC2882832.
  66. De Ravin SS, Cowen EW, Zarember KA, Whiting-Theobald NL, Kuhns DB, Sandler NG, Douek DC, Pittaluga S, Poliani PL, Lee YN, Notarangelo LD, Wang L, Alt FW, Kang EM, Milner JD, Niemela JE, Fontana-Penn M, Sinal SH, Malech HL. Hypomorphic Rag mutations can cause destructive midline granulomatous disease. Blood. 2010 Aug 26; 116(8):1263-71. PMID: 20489056; PMCID: PMC2938237.
  67. Hirschey MD, Shimazu T, Goetzman E, Jing E, Schwer B, Lombard DB, Grueter CA, Harris C, Biddinger S, Ilkayeva OR, Stevens RD, Li Y, Saha AK, Ruderman NB, Bain JR, Newgard CB, Farese RV, Alt FW, Kahn CR, Verdin E. SIRT3 regulates mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation by reversible enzyme deacetylation. Nature. 2010 Mar 4; 464(7285):121-5. PMID: 20203611; PMCID: PMC2841477.
  68. Boboila C, Yan C, Wesemann DR, Jankovic M, Wang JH, Manis J, Nussenzweig A, Nussenzweig M, Alt FW. Alternative end-joining catalyzes class switch recombination in the absence of both Ku70 and DNA ligase 4. J Exp Med. 2010 Feb 15; 207(2):417-27. PMID: 20142431; PMCID: PMC2822597.
  69. Zhang T, Franklin A, Boboila C, McQuay A, Gallagher MP, Manis JP, Khamlichi AA, Alt FW. Downstream class switching leads to IgE antibody production by B lymphocytes lacking IgM switch regions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 16; 107(7):3040-5. PMID: 20133637; PMCID: PMC2840363.
  70. Rucci F, Notarangelo LD, Fazeli A, Patrizi L, Hickernell T, Paganini T, Coakley KM, Detre C, Keszei M, Walter JE, Feldman L, Cheng HL, Poliani PL, Wang JH, Balter BB, Recher M, Andersson EM, Zha S, Giliani S, Terhorst C, Alt FW, Yan CT. Homozygous DNA ligase IV R278H mutation in mice leads to leaky SCID and represents a model for human LIG4 syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 16; 107(7):3024-9. PMID: 20133615; PMCID: PMC2840307.
  71. Boboila C, Jankovic M, Yan CT, Wang JH, Wesemann DR, Zhang T, Fazeli A, Feldman L, Nussenzweig A, Nussenzweig M, Alt FW. Alternative end-joining catalyzes robust IgH locus deletions and translocations in the combined absence of ligase 4 and Ku70. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 16; 107(7):3034-9. PMID: 20133803; PMCID: PMC2840344.
  72. Sommer CA, Sommer AG, Longmire TA, Christodoulou C, Thomas DD, Gostissa M, Alt FW, Murphy GJ, Kotton DN, Mostoslavsky G. Excision of reprogramming transgenes improves the differentiation potential of iPS cells generated with a single excisable vector. Stem Cells. 2010 Jan; 28(1):64-74. PMID: 19904830.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Zhang Y, Gostissa M, Hildebrand DG, Becker MS, Boboila C, Chiarle R, Lewis S, Alt FW. The role of mechanistic factors in promoting chromosomal translocations found in lymphoid and other cancers. Adv Immunol. 2010; 106:93-133. PMID: 20728025; PMCID: PMC3073861.
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  76. Zha S, Boboila C, Alt FW. Mre11: roles in DNA repair beyond homologous recombination. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2009 Aug; 16(8):798-800. PMID: 19654615.
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  78. Schwer B, Eckersdorff M, Li Y, Silva JC, Fermin D, Kurtev MV, Giallourakis C, Comb MJ, Alt FW, Lombard DB. Calorie restriction alters mitochondrial protein acetylation. Aging Cell. 2009 Sep; 8(5):604-6. PMID: 19594485; PMCID: PMC2752488.
  79. Basu U, Franklin A, Schwer B, Cheng HL, Chaudhuri J, Alt FW. Regulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase DNA deamination activity in B-cells by Ser38 phosphorylation. Biochem Soc Trans. 2009 Jun; 37(Pt 3):561-8. PMID: 19442251; PMCID: PMC3540414.
  80. Callén E, Jankovic M, Wong N, Zha S, Chen HT, Difilippantonio S, Di Virgilio M, Heidkamp G, Alt FW, Nussenzweig A, Nussenzweig M. Essential role for DNA-PKcs in DNA double-strand break repair and apoptosis in ATM-deficient lymphocytes. Mol Cell. 2009 May 15; 34(3):285-97. PMID: 19450527; PMCID: PMC2709792.
  81. Chakraborty T, Perlot T, Subrahmanyam R, Jani A, Goff PH, Zhang Y, Ivanova I, Alt FW, Sen R. A 220-nucleotide deletion of the intronic enhancer reveals an epigenetic hierarchy in immunoglobulin heavy chain locus activation. J Exp Med. 2009 May 11; 206(5):1019-27. PMID: 19414554; PMCID: PMC2715034.
  82. Carpenter AC, Yang-Iott KS, Chao LH, Nuskey B, Whitlow S, Alt FW, Bassing CH. Assembled DJ beta complexes influence TCR beta chain selection and peripheral V beta repertoire. J Immunol. 2009 May 1; 182(9):5586-95. PMID: 19380806.
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  84. Schenten D, Kracker S, Esposito G, Franco S, Klein U, Murphy M, Alt FW, Rajewsky K. Pol zeta ablation in B cells impairs the germinal center reaction, class switch recombination, DNA break repair, and genome stability. J Exp Med. 2009 Feb 16; 206(2):477-90. PMID: 19204108; PMCID: PMC2646585.
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  86. Gostissa M, Ranganath S, Bianco JM, Alt FW. Chromosomal location targets different MYC family gene members for oncogenic translocations. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 17; 106(7):2265-70. PMID: 19174520; PMCID: PMC2650145.
  87. Van Gool F, Gallí M, Gueydan C, Kruys V, Prevot PP, Bedalov A, Mostoslavsky R, Alt FW, De Smedt T, Leo O. Intracellular NAD levels regulate tumor necrosis factor protein synthesis in a sirtuin-dependent manner. Nat Med. 2009 Feb; 15(2):206-10. PMID: 19151729; PMCID: PMC2845476.
  88. Giblin W, Chatterji M, Westfield G, Masud T, Theisen B, Cheng HL, DeVido J, Alt FW, Ferguson DO, Schatz DG, Sekiguchi J. Leaky severe combined immunodeficiency and aberrant DNA rearrangements due to a hypomorphic RAG1 mutation. Blood. 2009 Mar 26; 113(13):2965-75. PMID: 19126872; PMCID: PMC2662642.
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  91. Basu U, Wang Y, Alt FW. Evolution of phosphorylation-dependent regulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase. Mol Cell. 2008 Oct 24; 32(2):285-91. PMID: 18951095; PMCID: PMC2597080.
  92. Li G, Alt FW, Cheng HL, Brush JW, Goff PH, Murphy MM, Franco S, Zhang Y, Zha S. Lymphocyte-specific compensation for XLF/cernunnos end-joining functions in V(D)J recombination. Mol Cell. 2008 Sep 5; 31(5):631-40. PMID: 18775323; PMCID: PMC2630261.
  93. Bassing CH, Whitlow S, Mostoslavsky R, Mostoslovasky R, Yang-Iott K, Ranganath S, Alt FW. Vbeta cluster sequences reduce the frequency of primary Vbeta2 and Vbeta14 rearrangements. Eur J Immunol. 2008 Sep; 38(9):2564-72. PMID: 18792409; PMCID: PMC2736105.
  94. Takizawa M, Tolarová H, Li Z, Dubois W, Lim S, Callen E, Franco S, Mosaico M, Feigenbaum L, Alt FW, Nussenzweig A, Potter M, Casellas R. AID expression levels determine the extent of cMyc oncogenic translocations and the incidence of B cell tumor development. J Exp Med. 2008 Sep 1; 205(9):1949-57. PMID: 18678733; PMCID: PMC2526190.
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  97. Walkley CR, Qudsi R, Sankaran VG, Perry JA, Gostissa M, Roth SI, Rodda SJ, Snay E, Dunning P, Fahey FH, Alt FW, McMahon AP, Orkin SH. Conditional mouse osteosarcoma, dependent on p53 loss and potentiated by loss of Rb, mimics the human disease. Genes Dev. 2008 Jun 15; 22(12):1662-76. PMID: 18559481; PMCID: PMC2428063.
  98. Chen D, Bruno J, Easlon E, Lin SJ, Cheng HL, Alt FW, Guarente L. Tissue-specific regulation of SIRT1 by calorie restriction. Genes Dev. 2008 Jul 1; 22(13):1753-7. PMID: 18550784; PMCID: PMC2492662.
  99. Zarrin AA, Goff PH, Senger K, Alt FW. Sgamma3 switch sequences function in place of endogenous Sgamma1 to mediate antibody class switching. J Exp Med. 2008 Jul 7; 205(7):1567-72. PMID: 18541713; PMCID: PMC2442634.
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  105. Zhang Y, Kwon S, Yamaguchi T, Cubizolles F, Rousseaux S, Kneissel M, Cao C, Li N, Cheng HL, Chua K, Lombard D, Mizeracki A, Matthias G, Alt FW, Khochbin S, Matthias P. Mice lacking histone deacetylase 6 have hyperacetylated tubulin but are viable and develop normally. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Mar; 28(5):1688-701. PMID: 18180281; PMCID: PMC2258784.
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  107. Xie A, Hartlerode A, Stucki M, Odate S, Puget N, Kwok A, Nagaraju G, Yan C, Alt FW, Chen J, Jackson SP, Scully R. Distinct roles of chromatin-associated proteins MDC1 and 53BP1 in mammalian double-strand break repair. Mol Cell. 2007 Dec 28; 28(6):1045-57. PMID: 18158901; PMCID: PMC2275782.
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  129. Puebla-Osorio N, Lacey DB, Alt FW, Zhu C. Early embryonic lethality due to targeted inactivation of DNA ligase III. Mol Cell Biol. 2006 May; 26(10):3935-41. PMID: 16648486; PMCID: PMC1489003.
  130. Vaquero A, Scher MB, Lee DH, Sutton A, Cheng HL, Alt FW, Serrano L, Sternglanz R, Reinberg D. SirT2 is a histone deacetylase with preference for histone H4 Lys 16 during mitosis. Genes Dev. 2006 May 15; 20(10):1256-61. PMID: 16648462; PMCID: PMC1472900.
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  140. O'Neil J, Calvo J, McKenna K, Krishnamoorthy V, Aster JC, Bassing CH, Alt FW, Kelliher M, Look AT. Activating Notch1 mutations in mouse models of T-ALL. Blood. 2006 Jan 15; 107(2):781-5. PMID: 16166587; PMCID: PMC1895623.
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  164. Bassing CH, Alt FW. Molecular biology: case of mistaken identity. Nature. 2004 Mar 4; 428(6978):29-31. PMID: 14999268.
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  165. Dedeoglu F, Horwitz B, Chaudhuri J, Alt FW, Geha RS. Induction of activation-induced cytidine deaminase gene expression by IL-4 and CD40 ligation is dependent on STAT6 and NFkappaB. Int Immunol. 2004 Mar; 16(3):395-404. PMID: 14978013.
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  166. Tian M, Jones DA, Smith M, Shinkura R, Alt FW. Deficiency in the nuclease activity of xeroderma pigmentosum G in mice leads to hypersensitivity to UV irradiation. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Mar; 24(6):2237-42. PMID: 14993263; PMCID: PMC355871.
  167. Rooney S, Sekiguchi J, Whitlow S, Eckersdorff M, Manis JP, Lee C, Ferguson DO, Alt FW. Artemis and p53 cooperate to suppress oncogenic N-myc amplification in progenitor B cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Feb 24; 101(8):2410-5. PMID: 14983023; PMCID: PMC356964.
  168. Brunet A, Sweeney LB, Sturgill JF, Chua KF, Greer PL, Lin Y, Tran H, Ross SE, Mostoslavsky R, Cohen HY, Hu LS, Cheng HL, Jedrychowski MP, Gygi SP, Sinclair DA, Alt FW, Greenberg ME. Stress-dependent regulation of FOXO transcription factors by the SIRT1 deacetylase. Science. 2004 Mar 26; 303(5666):2011-5. PMID: 14976264.
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  169. Bassing CH, Alt FW. H2AX may function as an anchor to hold broken chromosomal DNA ends in close proximity. Cell Cycle. 2004 Feb; 3(2):149-53. PMID: 14712078.
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  170. Tian M, Shinkura R, Shinkura N, Alt FW. Growth retardation, early death, and DNA repair defects in mice deficient for the nucleotide excision repair enzyme XPF. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Feb; 24(3):1200-5. PMID: 14729965; PMCID: PMC321450.
  171. Jung D, Alt FW. Unraveling V(D)J recombination; insights into gene regulation. Cell. 2004 Jan 23; 116(2):299-311. PMID: 14744439.
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  172. Exley MA, Bigley NJ, Cheng O, Shaulov A, Tahir SM, Carter QL, Garcia J, Wang C, Patten K, Stills HF, Alt FW, Snapper SB, Balk SP. Innate immune response to encephalomyocarditis virus infection mediated by CD1d. Immunology. 2003 Dec; 110(4):519-26. PMID: 14632651; PMCID: PMC1783078.
  173. Theunissen JW, Kaplan MI, Hunt PA, Williams BR, Ferguson DO, Alt FW, Petrini JH. Checkpoint failure and chromosomal instability without lymphomagenesis in Mre11(ATLD1/ATLD1) mice. Mol Cell. 2003 Dec; 12(6):1511-23. PMID: 14690604.
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  174. Pivniouk VI, Snapper SB, Kettner A, Alenius H, Laouini D, Falet H, Hartwig J, Alt FW, Geha RS. Impaired signaling via the high-affinity IgE receptor in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-deficient mast cells. Int Immunol. 2003 Dec; 15(12):1431-40. PMID: 14645152.
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  175. Fujikawa K, Miletic AV, Alt FW, Faccio R, Brown T, Hoog J, Fredericks J, Nishi S, Mildiner S, Moores SL, Brugge J, Rosen FS, Swat W. Vav1/2/3-null mice define an essential role for Vav family proteins in lymphocyte development and activation but a differential requirement in MAPK signaling in T and B cells. J Exp Med. 2003 Nov 17; 198(10):1595-608. PMID: 14623913; PMCID: PMC2194126.
  176. Dudley DD, Sekiguchi J, Zhu C, Sadofsky MJ, Whitlow S, DeVido J, Monroe RJ, Bassing CH, Alt FW. Impaired V(D)J recombination and lymphocyte development in core RAG1-expressing mice. J Exp Med. 2003 Nov 3; 198(9):1439-50. PMID: 14581608; PMCID: PMC2194253.
  177. Cheng HL, Mostoslavsky R, Saito S, Manis JP, Gu Y, Patel P, Bronson R, Appella E, Alt FW, Chua KF. Developmental defects and p53 hyperacetylation in Sir2 homolog (SIRT1)-deficient mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 16; 100(19):10794-9. PMID: 12960381; PMCID: PMC196882.
  178. Bassing CH, Suh H, Ferguson DO, Chua KF, Manis J, Eckersdorff M, Gleason M, Bronson R, Lee C, Alt FW. Histone H2AX: a dosage-dependent suppressor of oncogenic translocations and tumors. Cell. 2003 Aug 8; 114(3):359-70. PMID: 12914700.
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  179. Mills KD, Ferguson DO, Alt FW. The role of DNA breaks in genomic instability and tumorigenesis. Immunol Rev. 2003 Aug; 194:77-95. PMID: 12846809.
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  180. Yan C, Martinez-Quiles N, Eden S, Shibata T, Takeshima F, Shinkura R, Fujiwara Y, Bronson R, Snapper SB, Kirschner MW, Geha R, Rosen FS, Alt FW. WAVE2 deficiency reveals distinct roles in embryogenesis and Rac-mediated actin-based motility. EMBO J. 2003 Jul 15; 22(14):3602-12. PMID: 12853475; PMCID: PMC165620.
  181. Manis JP, Alt FW. Novel antibody switching defects in human patients. J Clin Invest. 2003 Jul; 112(1):19-22. PMID: 12840053; PMCID: PMC162297.
  182. Mostoslavsky R, Alt FW, Bassing CH. Chromatin dynamics and locus accessibility in the immune system. Nat Immunol. 2003 Jul; 4(7):603-6. PMID: 12830134.
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  183. Enzler T, Gillessen S, Manis JP, Ferguson D, Fleming J, Alt FW, Mihm M, Dranoff G. Deficiencies of GM-CSF and interferon gamma link inflammation and cancer. J Exp Med. 2003 May 5; 197(9):1213-9. PMID: 12732663; PMCID: PMC2193978.
  184. Shinkura R, Tian M, Smith M, Chua K, Fujiwara Y, Alt FW. The influence of transcriptional orientation on endogenous switch region function. Nat Immunol. 2003 May; 4(5):435-41. PMID: 12679811.
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  185. Chaudhuri J, Tian M, Khuong C, Chua K, Pinaud E, Alt FW. Transcription-targeted DNA deamination by the AID antibody diversification enzyme. Nature. 2003 Apr 17; 422(6933):726-30. PMID: 12692563.
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  186. Rooney S, Alt FW, Lombard D, Whitlow S, Eckersdorff M, Fleming J, Fugmann S, Ferguson DO, Schatz DG, Sekiguchi J. Defective DNA repair and increased genomic instability in Artemis-deficient murine cells. J Exp Med. 2003 Mar 3; 197(5):553-65. PMID: 12615897; PMCID: PMC2193825.
  187. Bassing CH, Tillman RE, Woodman BB, Canty D, Monroe RJ, Sleckman BP, Alt FW. T cell receptor (TCR) alpha/delta locus enhancer identity and position are critical for the assembly of TCR delta and alpha variable region genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Mar 4; 100(5):2598-603. PMID: 12604775; PMCID: PMC151386.
  188. Swat W, Xavier R, Mizoguchi A, Mizoguchi E, Fredericks J, Fujikawa K, Bhan AK, Alt FW. Essential role for Vav1 in activation, but not development, of gammadelta T cells. Int Immunol. 2003 Feb; 15(2):215-21. PMID: 12578851.
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  189. Wong KK, Maser RS, Bachoo RM, Menon J, Carrasco DR, Gu Y, Alt FW, DePinho RA. Telomere dysfunction and Atm deficiency compromises organ homeostasis and accelerates ageing. Nature. 2003 Feb 6; 421(6923):643-8. PMID: 12540856.
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  190. Akamatsu Y, Monroe R, Dudley DD, Elkin SK, Gartner F, Talukder SR, Takahama Y, Alt FW, Bassing CH, Oettinger MA. Deletion of the RAG2 C terminus leads to impaired lymphoid development in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Feb 4; 100(3):1209-14. PMID: 12531919; PMCID: PMC298752.
  191. Zinkel SS, Ong CC, Ferguson DO, Iwasaki H, Akashi K, Bronson RT, Kutok JL, Alt FW, Korsmeyer SJ. Proapoptotic BID is required for myeloid homeostasis and tumor suppression. Genes Dev. 2003 Jan 15; 17(2):229-39. PMID: 12533511; PMCID: PMC195974.
  192. Jung D, Bassing CH, Fugmann SD, Cheng HL, Schatz DG, Alt FW. Extrachromosomal recombination substrates recapitulate beyond 12/23 restricted VDJ recombination in nonlymphoid cells. Immunity. 2003 Jan; 18(1):65-74. PMID: 12530976.
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  193. Wu C, Bassing CH, Jung D, Woodman BB, Foy D, Alt FW. Dramatically increased rearrangement and peripheral representation of Vbeta14 driven by the 3'Dbeta1 recombination signal sequence. Immunity. 2003 Jan; 18(1):75-85. PMID: 12530977.
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  194. Manis JP, Michaelson JS, Birshtein BK, Alt FW. Elucidation of a downstream boundary of the 3' IgH regulatory region. Mol Immunol. 2003 Jan; 39(12):753-60. PMID: 12531286.
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  195. Rooney S, Sekiguchi J, Zhu C, Cheng HL, Manis J, Whitlow S, DeVido J, Foy D, Chaudhuri J, Lombard D, Alt FW. Leaky Scid phenotype associated with defective V(D)J coding end processing in Artemis-deficient mice. Mol Cell. 2002 Dec; 10(6):1379-90. PMID: 12504013.
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  196. Klein C, Nguyen D, Liu CH, Mizoguchi A, Bhan AK, Miki H, Takenawa T, Rosen FS, Alt FW, Mulligan RC, Snapper SB. Gene therapy for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: rescue of T-cell signaling and amelioration of colitis upon transplantation of retrovirally transduced hematopoietic stem cells in mice. Blood. 2003 Mar 15; 101(6):2159-66. PMID: 12433691.
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  197. Yang XF, Ye Q, Press B, Han RZ, Bassing CH, Sleckman BP, Alt FW, Cantor H. Analysis of the complex genomic structure of Bcl-x and its relationship to Bcl-x(gamma) expression after CD28-dependent costimulation. Mol Immunol. 2002 Sep; 39(1-2):45-55. PMID: 12213327.
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  198. Dudley DD, Manis JP, Zarrin AA, Kaylor L, Tian M, Alt FW. Internal IgH class switch region deletions are position-independent and enhanced by AID expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 23; 99(15):9984-9. PMID: 12114543; PMCID: PMC126611.
  199. Ye Q, Press B, Kissler S, Yang XF, Lu L, Bassing CH, Sleckman BP, Jansson M, Panoutsakopoulou V, Trimble LA, Alt FW, Cantor H. T cell costimulation through CD28 depends on induction of the Bcl-xgamma isoform: analysis of Bcl-xgamma-deficient mice. J Exp Med. 2002 Jul 1; 196(1):87-95. PMID: 12093873; PMCID: PMC2194014.
  200. Solymar DC, Agarwal S, Bassing CH, Alt FW, Rao A. A 3' enhancer in the IL-4 gene regulates cytokine production by Th2 cells and mast cells. Immunity. 2002 Jul; 17(1):41-50. PMID: 12150890.
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  201. Zhu C, Mills KD, Ferguson DO, Lee C, Manis J, Fleming J, Gao Y, Morton CC, Alt FW. Unrepaired DNA breaks in p53-deficient cells lead to oncogenic gene amplification subsequent to translocations. Cell. 2002 Jun 28; 109(7):811-21. PMID: 12110179.
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  202. Bassing CH, Chua KF, Sekiguchi J, Suh H, Whitlow SR, Fleming JC, Monroe BC, Ciccone DN, Yan C, Vlasakova K, Livingston DM, Ferguson DO, Scully R, Alt FW. Increased ionizing radiation sensitivity and genomic instability in the absence of histone H2AX. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jun 11; 99(12):8173-8. PMID: 12034884; PMCID: PMC123040.
  203. Chua KF, Alt FW, Manis JP. The function of AID in somatic mutation and class switch recombination: upstream or downstream of DNA breaks. J Exp Med. 2002 May 6; 195(9):F37-41. PMID: 11994429; PMCID: PMC2193706.
  204. Inlay M, Alt FW, Baltimore D, Xu Y. Essential roles of the kappa light chain intronic enhancer and 3' enhancer in kappa rearrangement and demethylation. Nat Immunol. 2002 May; 3(5):463-8. PMID: 11967540.
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  205. Bassing CH, Swat W, Alt FW. The mechanism and regulation of chromosomal V(D)J recombination. Cell. 2002 Apr; 109 Suppl:S45-55. PMID: 11983152.
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  206. Manis JP, Dudley D, Kaylor L, Alt FW. IgH class switch recombination to IgG1 in DNA-PKcs-deficient B cells. Immunity. 2002 Apr; 16(4):607-17. PMID: 11970883.
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  207. Fujikawa K, Inoue Y, Sakai M, Koyama Y, Nishi S, Funada R, Alt FW, Swat W. Vav3 is regulated during the cell cycle and effects cell division. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Apr 2; 99(7):4313-8. PMID: 11917103; PMCID: PMC123645.
  208. Krawczyk C, Oliveira-dos-Santos A, Sasaki T, Griffiths E, Ohashi PS, Snapper S, Alt F, Penninger JM. Vav1 controls integrin clustering and MHC/peptide-specific cell adhesion to antigen-presenting cells. Immunity. 2002 Mar; 16(3):331-43. PMID: 11911819.
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  209. Shibata T, Takeshima F, Chen F, Alt FW, Snapper SB. Cdc42 facilitates invasion but not the actin-based motility of Shigella. Curr Biol. 2002 Feb 19; 12(4):341-5. PMID: 11864577.
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  210. Manis JP, Tian M, Alt FW. Mechanism and control of class-switch recombination. Trends Immunol. 2002 Jan; 23(1):31-9. PMID: 11801452.
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  211. Malynn BA, Shaw AC, Young F, Stewart V, Alt FW. Truncated immunoglobulin Dmu causes incomplete developmental progression of RAG-deficient pro-B cells. Mol Immunol. 2002 Jan; 38(7):547-56. PMID: 11750656.
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  212. Sekiguchi JA, Whitlow S, Alt FW. Increased accumulation of hybrid V(D)J joins in cells expressing truncated versus full-length RAGs. Mol Cell. 2001 Dec; 8(6):1383-90. PMID: 11779512.
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  213. Sharpless NE, Ferguson DO, O'Hagan RC, Castrillon DH, Lee C, Farazi PA, Alson S, Fleming J, Morton CC, Frank K, Chin L, Alt FW, DePinho RA. Impaired nonhomologous end-joining provokes soft tissue sarcomas harboring chromosomal translocations, amplifications, and deletions. Mol Cell. 2001 Dec; 8(6):1187-96. PMID: 11779495.
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  214. Tsitsikov EN, Laouini D, Dunn IF, Sannikova TY, Davidson L, Alt FW, Geha RS. TRAF1 is a negative regulator of TNF signaling. enhanced TNF signaling in TRAF1-deficient mice. Immunity. 2001 Oct; 15(4):647-57. PMID: 11672546.
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  215. Snapper SB, Takeshima F, Antón I, Liu CH, Thomas SM, Nguyen D, Dudley D, Fraser H, Purich D, Lopez-Ilasaca M, Klein C, Davidson L, Bronson R, Mulligan RC, Southwick F, Geha R, Goldberg MB, Rosen FS, Hartwig JH, Alt FW. N-WASP deficiency reveals distinct pathways for cell surface projections and microbial actin-based motility. Nat Cell Biol. 2001 Oct; 3(10):897-904. PMID: 11584271.
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  216. Ferguson DO, Alt FW. DNA double strand break repair and chromosomal translocation: lessons from animal models. Oncogene. 2001 Sep 10; 20(40):5572-9. PMID: 11607810.
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  217. Reimold AM, Iwakoshi NN, Manis J, Vallabhajosyula P, Szomolanyi-Tsuda E, Gravallese EM, Friend D, Grusby MJ, Alt F, Glimcher LH. Plasma cell differentiation requires the transcription factor XBP-1. Nature. 2001 Jul 19; 412(6844):300-7. PMID: 11460154.
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  218. Sekiguchi J, Ferguson DO, Chen HT, Yang EM, Earle J, Frank K, Whitlow S, Gu Y, Xu Y, Nussenzweig A, Alt FW. Genetic interactions between ATM and the nonhomologous end-joining factors in genomic stability and development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Mar 13; 98(6):3243-8. PMID: 11248063; PMCID: PMC30638.
  219. de Alboran IM, O'Hagan RC, Gärtner F, Malynn B, Davidson L, Rickert R, Rajewsky K, DePinho RA, Alt FW. Analysis of C-MYC function in normal cells via conditional gene-targeted mutation. Immunity. 2001 Jan; 14(1):45-55. PMID: 11163229.
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  220. Gärtner F, Alt FW, Monroe RJ, Seidl KJ. Antigen-independent appearance of recombination activating gene (RAG)-positive bone marrow B cells in the spleens of immunized mice. J Exp Med. 2000 Dec 18; 192(12):1745-54. PMID: 11120771; PMCID: PMC2213504.
  221. Krawczyk C, Bachmaier K, Sasaki T, Jones RG, Snapper SB, Bouchard D, Kozieradzki I, Ohashi PS, Alt FW, Penninger JM. Cbl-b is a negative regulator of receptor clustering and raft aggregation in T cells. Immunity. 2000 Oct; 13(4):463-73. PMID: 11070165.
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  222. Tian M, Alt FW. RNA editing meets DNA shuffling. Nature. 2000 Sep 7; 407(6800):31, 33. PMID: 10993058.
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  223. O'Hagan RC, Ohh M, David G, de Alboran IM, Alt FW, Kaelin WG, DePinho RA. Myc-enhanced expression of Cul1 promotes ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis and cell cycle progression. Genes Dev. 2000 Sep 1; 14(17):2185-91. PMID: 10970882; PMCID: PMC316894.
  224. Wong KK, Chang S, Weiler SR, Ganesan S, Chaudhuri J, Zhu C, Artandi SE, Rudolph KL, Gottlieb GJ, Chin L, Alt FW, DePinho RA. Telomere dysfunction impairs DNA repair and enhances sensitivity to ionizing radiation. Nat Genet. 2000 Sep; 26(1):85-8. PMID: 10973255.
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  225. Moores SL, Selfors LM, Fredericks J, Breit T, Fujikawa K, Alt FW, Brugge JS, Swat W. Vav family proteins couple to diverse cell surface receptors. Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Sep; 20(17):6364-73. PMID: 10938113; PMCID: PMC86111.
  226. Tian M, Alt FW. Transcription-induced cleavage of immunoglobulin switch regions by nucleotide excision repair nucleases in vitro. J Biol Chem. 2000 Aug 4; 275(31):24163-72. PMID: 10811812.
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  227. Sleckman BP, Bassing CH, Hughes MM, Okada A, D'Auteuil M, Wehrly TD, Woodman BB, Davidson L, Chen J, Alt FW. Mechanisms that direct ordered assembly of T cell receptor beta locus V, D, and J gene segments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jul 5; 97(14):7975-80. PMID: 10869424; PMCID: PMC16655.
  228. Chen F, Ma L, Parrini MC, Mao X, Lopez M, Wu C, Marks PW, Davidson L, Kwiatkowski DJ, Kirchhausen T, Orkin SH, Rosen FS, Mayer BJ, Kirschner MW, Alt FW. Cdc42 is required for PIP(2)-induced actin polymerization and early development but not for cell viability. Curr Biol. 2000 Jun 29; 10(13):758-65. PMID: 10898977.
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  229. Ferguson DO, Sekiguchi JM, Chang S, Frank KM, Gao Y, DePinho RA, Alt FW. The nonhomologous end-joining pathway of DNA repair is required for genomic stability and the suppression of translocations. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jun 6; 97(12):6630-3. PMID: 10823907; PMCID: PMC18682.
  230. Sleckman BP, Khan WN, Xu W, Bassing CH, Malynn BA, Copeland NG, Bardon CG, Breit TM, Davidson L, Oltz EM, Jenkins NA, Berman JE, Alt FW. Cloning and functional characterization of the early-lymphocyte-specific Pb99 gene. Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Jun; 20(12):4405-10. PMID: 10825203; PMCID: PMC85807.
  231. Bassing CH, Alt FW, Hughes MM, D'Auteuil M, Wehrly TD, Woodman BB, Gärtner F, White JM, Davidson L, Sleckman BP. Recombination signal sequences restrict chromosomal V(D)J recombination beyond the 12/23 rule. Nature. 2000 Jun 1; 405(6786):583-6. PMID: 10850719.
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  232. Frank KM, Sharpless NE, Gao Y, Sekiguchi JM, Ferguson DO, Zhu C, Manis JP, Horner J, DePinho RA, Alt FW. DNA ligase IV deficiency in mice leads to defective neurogenesis and embryonic lethality via the p53 pathway. Mol Cell. 2000 Jun; 5(6):993-1002. PMID: 10911993.
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  233. Malynn BA, de Alboran IM, O'Hagan RC, Bronson R, Davidson L, DePinho RA, Alt FW. N-myc can functionally replace c-myc in murine development, cellular growth, and differentiation. Genes Dev. 2000 Jun 1; 14(11):1390-9. PMID: 10837031; PMCID: PMC316670.
  234. Gao Y, Ferguson DO, Xie W, Manis JP, Sekiguchi J, Frank KM, Chaudhuri J, Horner J, DePinho RA, Alt FW. Interplay of p53 and DNA-repair protein XRCC4 in tumorigenesis, genomic stability and development. Nature. 2000 Apr 20; 404(6780):897-900. PMID: 10786799.
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  235. Borghesani PR, Alt FW, Bottaro A, Davidson L, Aksoy S, Rathbun GA, Roberts TM, Swat W, Segal RA, Gu Y. Abnormal development of Purkinje cells and lymphocytes in Atm mutant mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Mar 28; 97(7):3336-41. PMID: 10716718; PMCID: PMC16240.
  236. Gu Y, Sekiguchi J, Gao Y, Dikkes P, Frank K, Ferguson D, Hasty P, Chun J, Alt FW. Defective embryonic neurogenesis in Ku-deficient but not DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit-deficient mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Mar 14; 97(6):2668-73. PMID: 10716994; PMCID: PMC15987.
  237. Merget R, Kulzer R, Dierkes-Globisch A, Breitstadt R, Gebler A, Kniffka A, Artelt S, Koenig HP, Alt F, Vormberg R, Baur X, Schultze-Werninghaus G. Exposure-effect relationship of platinum salt allergy in a catalyst production plant: conclusions from a 5-year prospective cohort study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Feb; 105(2 Pt 1):364-70. PMID: 10669860.
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  238. Ferguson DO, Sekiguchi JM, Frank KM, Gao Y, Sharpless NE, Gu Y, Manis J, DePinho RA, Alt FW. The interplay between nonhomologous end-joining and cell cycle checkpoint factors in development, genomic stability, and tumorigenesis. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2000; 65:395-403. PMID: 12760055.
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  239. Bauch A, Alt FW, Crabtree GR, Snapper SB. The cytoskeleton in lymphocyte signaling. Adv Immunol. 2000; 75:89-114. PMID: 10879282.
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  240. Monroe RJ, Chen F, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Alt FW. RAG2 is regulated differentially in B and T cells by elements 5' of the promoter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Oct 26; 96(22):12713-8. PMID: 10535988; PMCID: PMC23063.
  241. Aifantis I, Pivniouk VI, Gärtner F, Feinberg J, Swat W, Alt FW, von Boehmer H, Geha RS. Allelic exclusion of the T cell receptor beta locus requires the SH2 domain-containing leukocyte protein (SLP)-76 adaptor protein. J Exp Med. 1999 Oct 18; 190(8):1093-102. PMID: 10523607; PMCID: PMC2195661.
  242. Sakai E, Bottaro A, Alt FW. The Ig heavy chain intronic enhancer core region is necessary and sufficient to promote efficient class switch recombination. Int Immunol. 1999 Oct; 11(10):1709-13. PMID: 10508189.
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  243. Monroe RJ, Seidl KJ, Gaertner F, Han S, Chen F, Sekiguchi J, Wang J, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Kelsoe G, Alt FW. RAG2:GFP knockin mice reveal novel aspects of RAG2 expression in primary and peripheral lymphoid tissues. Immunity. 1999 Aug; 11(2):201-12. PMID: 10485655.
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  244. Fruman DA, Snapper SB, Yballe CM, Alt FW, Cantley LC. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase knockout mice: role of p85alpha in B cell development and proliferation. Biochem Soc Trans. 1999 Aug; 27(4):624-9. PMID: 10917654.
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  245. Wang Z, Yunis D, Irigoyen M, Kitchens B, Bottaro A, Alt FW, Alper CA. Discordance between IgA switching at the DNA level and IgA expression at the mRNA level in IgA-deficient patients. Clin Immunol. 1999 Jun; 91(3):263-70. PMID: 10370371.
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  246. Monroe RJ, Sleckman BP, Monroe BC, Khor B, Claypool S, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Alt FW. Developmental regulation of TCR delta locus accessibility and expression by the TCR delta enhancer. Immunity. 1999 May; 10(5):503-13. PMID: 10367896.
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  247. Gärtner F, Alt FW, Monroe R, Chu M, Sleckman BP, Davidson L, Swat W. Immature thymocytes employ distinct signaling pathways for allelic exclusion versus differentiation and expansion. Immunity. 1999 May; 10(5):537-46. PMID: 10367899.
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  248. Seidl KJ, Manis JP, Bottaro A, Zhang J, Davidson L, Kisselgof A, Oettgen H, Alt FW. Position-dependent inhibition of class-switch recombination by PGK-neor cassettes inserted into the immunoglobulin heavy chain constant region locus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 16; 96(6):3000-5. PMID: 10077626; PMCID: PMC15884.
  249. Shaw AC, Swat W, Davidson L, Alt FW. Induction of Ig light chain gene rearrangement in heavy chain-deficient B cells by activated Ras. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 2; 96(5):2239-43. PMID: 10051625; PMCID: PMC26767.
  250. Sakai E, Bottaro A, Davidson L, Sleckman BP, Alt FW. Recombination and transcription of the endogenous Ig heavy chain locus is effected by the Ig heavy chain intronic enhancer core region in the absence of the matrix attachment regions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Feb 16; 96(4):1526-31. PMID: 9990057; PMCID: PMC15504.
  251. Fruman DA, Snapper SB, Yballe CM, Davidson L, Yu JY, Alt FW, Cantley LC. Impaired B cell development and proliferation in absence of phosphoinositide 3-kinase p85alpha. Science. 1999 Jan 15; 283(5400):393-7. PMID: 9888855.
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  252. Shaw AC, Swat W, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Alt FW. Activated Ras signals developmental progression of recombinase-activating gene (RAG)-deficient pro-B lymphocytes. J Exp Med. 1999 Jan 4; 189(1):123-9. PMID: 9874569; PMCID: PMC1887686.
  253. Sekiguchi JM, Gao Y, Gu Y, Frank K, Sun Y, Chaudhuri J, Zhu C, Cheng HL, Manis J, Ferguson D, Davidson L, Greenberg ME, Alt FW. Nonhomologous end-joining proteins are required for V(D)J recombination, normal growth, and neurogenesis. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1999; 64:169-81. PMID: 11232282.
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  254. Gao Y, Sun Y, Frank KM, Dikkes P, Fujiwara Y, Seidl KJ, Sekiguchi JM, Rathbun GA, Swat W, Wang J, Bronson RT, Malynn BA, Bryans M, Zhu C, Chaudhuri J, Davidson L, Ferrini R, Stamato T, Orkin SH, Greenberg ME, Alt FW. A critical role for DNA end-joining proteins in both lymphogenesis and neurogenesis. Cell. 1998 Dec 23; 95(7):891-902. PMID: 9875844.
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  255. Frank KM, Sekiguchi JM, Seidl KJ, Swat W, Rathbun GA, Cheng HL, Davidson L, Kangaloo L, Alt FW. Late embryonic lethality and impaired V(D)J recombination in mice lacking DNA ligase IV. Nature. 1998 Nov 12; 396(6707):173-7. PMID: 9823897.
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  256. Seidl KJ, Bottaro A, Vo A, Zhang J, Davidson L, Alt FW. An expressed neo(r) cassette provides required functions of the 1gamma2b exon for class switching. Int Immunol. 1998 Nov; 10(11):1683-92. PMID: 9846697.
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  257. Sleckman BP, Khor B, Monroe R, Alt FW. Assembly of productive T cell receptor delta variable region genes exhibits allelic inclusion. J Exp Med. 1998 Oct 19; 188(8):1465-71. PMID: 9782123; PMCID: PMC2213415.
  258. Manis JP, van der Stoep N, Tian M, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Bottaro A, Alt FW. Class switching in B cells lacking 3' immunoglobulin heavy chain enhancers. J Exp Med. 1998 Oct 19; 188(8):1421-31. PMID: 9782119; PMCID: PMC2213411.
  259. Sleckman BP, Bassing CH, Bardon CG, Okada A, Khor B, Bories JC, Monroe R, Alt FW. Accessibility control of variable region gene assembly during T-cell development. Immunol Rev. 1998 Oct; 165:121-30. PMID: 9850857.
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  260. Satterthwaite AB, Lowell CA, Khan WN, Sideras P, Alt FW, Witte ON. Independent and opposing roles for Btk and lyn in B and myeloid signaling pathways. J Exp Med. 1998 Sep 7; 188(5):833-44. PMID: 9730885; PMCID: PMC2213392.
  261. Gao Y, Chaudhuri J, Zhu C, Davidson L, Weaver DT, Alt FW. A targeted DNA-PKcs-null mutation reveals DNA-PK-independent functions for KU in V(D)J recombination. Immunity. 1998 Sep; 9(3):367-76. PMID: 9768756.
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  262. Wang LC, Swat W, Fujiwara Y, Davidson L, Visvader J, Kuo F, Alt FW, Gilliland DG, Golub TR, Orkin SH. The TEL/ETV6 gene is required specifically for hematopoiesis in the bone marrow. Genes Dev. 1998 Aug 1; 12(15):2392-402. PMID: 9694803; PMCID: PMC317042.
  263. Cunningham K, Ackerly H, Claflin L, Collins J, Wu P, Ford C, Lansford R, Alt F, Dunnick WA. Germline transcription and recombination of a murine VDJmudeltagamma1 transgene. Int Immunol. 1998 Aug; 10(8):1027-37. PMID: 9723688.
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  264. Pivniouk V, Tsitsikov E, Swinton P, Rathbun G, Alt FW, Geha RS. Impaired viability and profound block in thymocyte development in mice lacking the adaptor protein SLP-76. Cell. 1998 Jul 24; 94(2):229-38. PMID: 9695951.
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  265. Snapper SB, Rosen FS, Mizoguchi E, Cohen P, Khan W, Liu CH, Hagemann TL, Kwan SP, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Bhan AK, Alt FW. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-deficient mice reveal a role for WASP in T but not B cell activation. Immunity. 1998 Jul; 9(1):81-91. PMID: 9697838.
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  266. Manis JP, Gu Y, Lansford R, Sonoda E, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Rajewsky K, Alt FW. Ku70 is required for late B cell development and immunoglobulin heavy chain class switching. J Exp Med. 1998 Jun 15; 187(12):2081-9. PMID: 9625768; PMCID: PMC2212369.
  267. van der Stoep N, Gorman JR, Alt FW. Reevaluation of 3'Ekappa function in stage- and lineage-specific rearrangement and somatic hypermutation. Immunity. 1998 Jun; 8(6):743-50. PMID: 9655488.
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  268. Bottaro A, Young F, Chen J, Serwe M, Sablitzky F, Alt FW. Deletion of the IgH intronic enhancer and associated matrix-attachment regions decreases, but does not abolish, class switching at the mu locus. Int Immunol. 1998 Jun; 10(6):799-806. PMID: 9678761.
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  269. Irving BA, Alt FW, Killeen N. Thymocyte development in the absence of pre-T cell receptor extracellular immunoglobulin domains. Science. 1998 May 8; 280(5365):905-8. PMID: 9572735.
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  270. Holsinger LJ, Graef IA, Swat W, Chi T, Bautista DM, Davidson L, Lewis RS, Alt FW, Crabtree GR. Defects in actin-cap formation in Vav-deficient mice implicate an actin requirement for lymphocyte signal transduction. Curr Biol. 1998 May 7; 8(10):563-72. PMID: 9601640.
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  271. Swat W, Fujikawa K, Ganiatsas S, Yang D, Xavier RJ, Harris NL, Davidson L, Ferrini R, Davis RJ, Labow MA, Flavell RA, Zon LI, Alt FW. SEK1/MKK4 is required for maintenance of a normal peripheral lymphoid compartment but not for lymphocyte development. Immunity. 1998 May; 8(5):625-34. PMID: 9620683.
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  272. Hata D, Kawakami Y, Inagaki N, Lantz CS, Kitamura T, Khan WN, Maeda-Yamamoto M, Miura T, Han W, Hartman SE, Yao L, Nagai H, Goldfeld AE, Alt FW, Galli SJ, Witte ON, Kawakami T. Involvement of Bruton's tyrosine kinase in FcepsilonRI-dependent mast cell degranulation and cytokine production. J Exp Med. 1998 Apr 20; 187(8):1235-47. PMID: 9547335; PMCID: PMC2212237.
  273. Cunningham K, Ackerly H, Alt F, Dunnick W. Potential regulatory elements for germline transcription in or near murine Sgamma1. Int Immunol. 1998 Apr; 10(4):527-36. PMID: 9620609.
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  274. Lansford R, Manis JP, Sonoda E, Rajewsky K, Alt FW. Ig heavy chain class switching in Rag-deficient mice. Int Immunol. 1998 Mar; 10(3):325-32. PMID: 9576620.
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  275. Ranger AM, Hodge MR, Gravallese EM, Oukka M, Davidson L, Alt FW, de la Brousse FC, Hoey T, Grusby M, Glimcher LH. Delayed lymphoid repopulation with defects in IL-4-driven responses produced by inactivation of NF-ATc. Immunity. 1998 Jan; 8(1):125-34. PMID: 9462518.
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  276. Gorman JR, Alt FW. Regulation of immunoglobulin light chain isotype expression. Adv Immunol. 1998; 69:113-81. PMID: 9646844.
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  277. Fraefel C, Jacoby DR, Lage C, Hilderbrand H, Chou JY, Alt FW, Breakefield XO, Majzoub JA. Gene transfer into hepatocytes mediated by helper virus-free HSV/AAV hybrid vectors. Mol Med. 1997 Dec; 3(12):813-25. PMID: 9440115; PMCID: PMC2230287.
  278. Gu Y, Seidl KJ, Rathbun GA, Zhu C, Manis JP, van der Stoep N, Davidson L, Cheng HL, Sekiguchi JM, Frank K, Stanhope-Baker P, Schlissel MS, Roth DB, Alt FW. Growth retardation and leaky SCID phenotype of Ku70-deficient mice. Immunity. 1997 Nov; 7(5):653-65. PMID: 9390689.
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  279. Mizuta R, Cheng HL, Gao Y, Alt FW. Molecular genetic characterization of XRCC4 function. Int Immunol. 1997 Oct; 9(10):1607-13. PMID: 9352367.
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  280. Sleckman BP, Bardon CG, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Alt FW. Function of the TCR alpha enhancer in alphabeta and gammadelta T cells. Immunity. 1997 Oct; 7(4):505-15. PMID: 9354471.
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  281. Porter FD, Drago J, Xu Y, Cheema SS, Wassif C, Huang SP, Lee E, Grinberg A, Massalas JS, Bodine D, Alt F, Westphal H. Lhx2, a LIM homeobox gene, is required for eye, forebrain, and definitive erythrocyte development. Development. 1997 Aug; 124(15):2935-44. PMID: 9247336.
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  282. Weaver DT, Alt FW. V(D)J recombination. From RAGs to stitches. Nature. 1997 Jul 31; 388(6641):428-9. PMID: 9242399.
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  283. Gu Y, Jin S, Gao Y, Weaver DT, Alt FW. Ku70-deficient embryonic stem cells have increased ionizing radiosensitivity, defective DNA end-binding activity, and inability to support V(D)J recombination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Jul 22; 94(15):8076-81. PMID: 9223317; PMCID: PMC21559.
  284. Suzuki H, Shinkai Y, Granger LG, Alt FW, Love PE, Singer A. Commitment of immature CD4+8+ thymocytes to the CD4 lineage requires CD3 signaling but does not require expression of clonotypic T cell receptor (TCR) chains. J Exp Med. 1997 Jul 7; 186(1):17-23. PMID: 9206993; PMCID: PMC2198962.
  285. Mizuta R, LaSalle JM, Cheng HL, Shinohara A, Ogawa H, Copeland N, Jenkins NA, Lalande M, Alt FW. RAB22 and RAB163/mouse BRCA2: proteins that specifically interact with the RAD51 protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Jun 24; 94(13):6927-32. PMID: 9192668; PMCID: PMC21261.
  286. Merrell K, Wells S, Henderson A, Gorman J, Alt F, Stall A, Calame K. The absence of the transcription activator TFE3 impairs activation of B cells in vivo. Mol Cell Biol. 1997 Jun; 17(6):3335-44. PMID: 9154832; PMCID: PMC232186.
  287. Van Parijs L, Biuckians A, Ibragimov A, Alt FW, Willerford DM, Abbas AK. Functional responses and apoptosis of CD25 (IL-2R alpha)-deficient T cells expressing a transgenic antigen receptor. J Immunol. 1997 Apr 15; 158(8):3738-45. PMID: 9103438.
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  288. Kawakami Y, Miura T, Bissonnette R, Hata D, Khan WN, Kitamura T, Maeda-Yamamoto M, Hartman SE, Yao L, Alt FW, Kawakami T. Bruton's tyrosine kinase regulates apoptosis and JNK/SAPK kinase activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Apr 15; 94(8):3938-42. PMID: 9108083; PMCID: PMC20546.
  289. Khan WN, Nilsson A, Mizoguchi E, Castigli E, Forsell J, Bhan AK, Geha R, Sideras P, Alt FW. Impaired B cell maturation in mice lacking Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) and CD40. Int Immunol. 1997 Mar; 9(3):395-405. PMID: 9088978.
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  290. Young F, Mizoguchi E, Bhan AK, Alt FW. Constitutive Bcl-2 expression during immunoglobulin heavy chain-promoted B cell differentiation expands novel precursor B cells. Immunity. 1997 Jan; 6(1):23-33. PMID: 9052834.
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  291. Wang Q, Stacy T, Miller JD, Lewis AF, Gu TL, Huang X, Bushweller JH, Bories JC, Alt FW, Ryan G, Liu PP, Wynshaw-Boris A, Binder M, Marín-Padilla M, Sharpe AH, Speck NA. The CBFbeta subunit is essential for CBFalpha2 (AML1) function in vivo. Cell. 1996 Nov 15; 87(4):697-708. PMID: 8929538.
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  292. Willerford DM, Swat W, Alt FW. Developmental regulation of V(D)J recombination and lymphocyte differentiation. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 1996 Oct; 6(5):603-9. PMID: 8939716.
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  293. Mizuta R, Taccioli GE, Alt FW. The V(D)J recombination defect in the xrs-6 cell line results from a point mutation in the Ku80 gene. Int Immunol. 1996 Sep; 8(9):1467-71. PMID: 8921425.
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  294. Gorman JR, van der Stoep N, Monroe R, Cogne M, Davidson L, Alt FW. The Ig(kappa) enhancer influences the ratio of Ig(kappa) versus Ig(lambda) B lymphocytes. Immunity. 1996 Sep; 5(3):241-52. PMID: 8808679.
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  295. Hardin JD, Boast S, Schwartzberg PL, Lee G, Alt FW, Stall AM, Goff SP. Abnormal peripheral lymphocyte function in c-abl mutant mice. Cell Immunol. 1996 Aug 25; 172(1):100-7. PMID: 8806812.
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  296. Bories JC, Demengeot J, Davidson L, Alt FW. Gene-targeted deletion and replacement mutations of the T-cell receptor beta-chain enhancer: the role of enhancer elements in controlling V(D)J recombination accessibility. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jul 23; 93(15):7871-6. PMID: 8755569; PMCID: PMC38841.
  297. Porcher C, Swat W, Rockwell K, Fujiwara Y, Alt FW, Orkin SH. The T cell leukemia oncoprotein SCL/tal-1 is essential for development of all hematopoietic lineages. Cell. 1996 Jul 12; 86(1):47-57. PMID: 8689686.
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  298. Lakso M, Pichel JG, Gorman JR, Sauer B, Okamoto Y, Lee E, Alt FW, Westphal H. Efficient in vivo manipulation of mouse genomic sequences at the zygote stage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jun 11; 93(12):5860-5. PMID: 8650183; PMCID: PMC39152.
  299. Swat W, Shinkai Y, Cheng HL, Davidson L, Alt FW. Activated Ras signals differentiation and expansion of CD4+8+ thymocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 May 14; 93(10):4683-7. PMID: 8643464; PMCID: PMC39339.
  300. Xu Y, Davidson L, Alt FW, Baltimore D. Deletion of the Ig kappa light chain intronic enhancer/matrix attachment region impairs but does not abolish V kappa J kappa rearrangement. Immunity. 1996 Apr; 4(4):377-85. PMID: 8612132.
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  301. Xu Y, Davidson L, Alt FW, Baltimore D. Function of the pre-T-cell receptor alpha chain in T-cell development and allelic exclusion at the T-cell receptor beta locus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Mar 5; 93(5):2169-73. PMID: 8700903; PMCID: PMC39929.
  302. Castigli E, Young F, Carossino AM, Alt FW, Geha RS. CD40 expression and function in murine B cell ontogeny. Int Immunol. 1996 Mar; 8(3):405-411. PMID: 8671627.
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  303. Zhang BW, Zimmer G, Chen J, Ladd D, Li E, Alt FW, Wiederrecht G, Cryan J, O'Neill EA, Seidman CE, Abbas AK, Seidman JG. T cell responses in calcineurin A alpha-deficient mice. J Exp Med. 1996 Feb 1; 183(2):413-20. PMID: 8627154; PMCID: PMC2192457.
  304. Komori T, Pricop L, Hatakeyama A, Bona CA, Alt FW. Repertoires of antigen receptors in Tdt congenitally deficient mice. Int Rev Immunol. 1996; 13(4):317-25. PMID: 8884428.
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  305. Dong C, Willerford D, Alt FW, Cooper MD. Genomic organization and chromosomal localization of the mouse Bp3 gene, a member of the CD38/ADP-ribosyl cyclase family. Immunogenetics. 1996; 45(1):35-43. PMID: 8881035.
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  306. Sleckman BP, Gorman JR, Alt FW. Accessibility control of antigen-receptor variable-region gene assembly: role of cis-acting elements. Annu Rev Immunol. 1996; 14:459-81. PMID: 8717521.
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  307. Li Z, Alt FW. Identification of the XRCC4 gene: complementation of the DSBR and V(D)J recombination defects of XR-1 cells. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1996; 217:143-50. PMID: 8787623.
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  308. Li Z, Otevrel T, Gao Y, Cheng HL, Seed B, Stamato TD, Taccioli GE, Alt FW. The XRCC4 gene encodes a novel protein involved in DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. Cell. 1995 Dec 29; 83(7):1079-89. PMID: 8548796.
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  309. Demengeot J, Oltz EM, Alt FW. Promotion of V(D)J recombinational accessibility by the intronic E kappa element: role of the kappa B motif. Int Immunol. 1995 Dec; 7(12):1995-2003. PMID: 8746569.
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  310. Blunt T, Taccioli GE, Priestley A, Hafezparast M, McMillan T, Liu J, Cole CC, White J, Alt FW, Jackson SP, et al. A YAC contig encompassing the XRCC5 (Ku80) DNA repair gene and complementation of defective cells by YAC protoplast fusion. Genomics. 1995 Nov 20; 30(2):320-8. PMID: 8586433.
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  311. Bories JC, Willerford DM, Grévin D, Davidson L, Camus A, Martin P, Stéhelin D, Alt FW. Increased T-cell apoptosis and terminal B-cell differentiation induced by inactivation of the Ets-1 proto-oncogene. Nature. 1995 Oct 19; 377(6550):635-8. PMID: 7566176.
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  312. Willerford DM, Chen J, Ferry JA, Davidson L, Ma A, Alt FW. Interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain regulates the size and content of the peripheral lymphoid compartment. Immunity. 1995 Oct; 3(4):521-30. PMID: 7584142.
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  313. Malynn BA, Demengeot J, Stewart V, Charron J, Alt FW. Generation of normal lymphocytes derived from N-myc-deficient embryonic stem cells. Int Immunol. 1995 Oct; 7(10):1637-47. PMID: 8562509.
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  314. Zhang Y, Cado D, Asarnow DM, Komori T, Alt FW, Raulet DH, Allison JP. The role of short homology repeats and TdT in generation of the invariant gamma delta antigen receptor repertoire in the fetal thymus. Immunity. 1995 Oct; 3(4):439-47. PMID: 7584135.
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  315. Hardin JD, Boast S, Schwartzberg PL, Lee G, Alt FW, Stall AM, Goff SP. Bone marrow B lymphocyte development in c-abl-deficient mice. Cell Immunol. 1995 Oct 1; 165(1):44-54. PMID: 7671324.
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  316. Khan WN, Sideras P, Rosen FS, Alt FW. The role of Bruton's tyrosine kinase in B-cell development and function in mice and man. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1995 Sep 29; 764:27-38. PMID: 7486535.
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  317. Khan WN, Alt FW, Gerstein RM, Malynn BA, Larsson I, Rathbun G, Davidson L, Müller S, Kantor AB, Herzenberg LA, et al. Defective B cell development and function in Btk-deficient mice. Immunity. 1995 Sep; 3(3):283-99. PMID: 7552994.
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  318. Taccioli GE, Alt FW. Potential targets for autosomal SCID mutations. Curr Opin Immunol. 1995 Aug; 7(4):436-40. PMID: 7495505.
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  319. Ma A, Pena JC, Chang B, Margosian E, Davidson L, Alt FW, Thompson CB. Bclx regulates the survival of double-positive thymocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 May 23; 92(11):4763-7. PMID: 7761398; PMCID: PMC41787.
  320. Shinkai Y, Ma A, Cheng HL, Alt FW. CD3 epsilon and CD3 zeta cytoplasmic domains can independently generate signals for T cell development and function. Immunity. 1995 Apr; 2(4):401-11. PMID: 7719942.
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  321. Sen J, Venkataraman L, Shinkai Y, Pierce JW, Alt FW, Burakoff SJ, Sen R. Expression and induction of nuclear factor-kappa B-related proteins in thymocytes. J Immunol. 1995 Apr 1; 154(7):3213-21. PMID: 7534792.
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  322. Zhang R, Alt FW, Davidson L, Orkin SH, Swat W. Defective signalling through the T- and B-cell antigen receptors in lymphoid cells lacking the vav proto-oncogene. Nature. 1995 Mar 30; 374(6521):470-3. PMID: 7700359.
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  323. Blunt T, Finnie NJ, Taccioli GE, Smith GC, Demengeot J, Gottlieb TM, Mizuta R, Varghese AJ, Alt FW, Jeggo PA, Jackson SP. Defective DNA-dependent protein kinase activity is linked to V(D)J recombination and DNA repair defects associated with the murine scid mutation. Cell. 1995 Mar 10; 80(5):813-23. PMID: 7889575.
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  324. Castigli E, Alt FW, Davidson L, Bottaro A, Mizoguchi E, Bhan AK, Geha RS. CD40-deficient mice generated by recombination-activating gene-2-deficient blastocyst complementation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Dec 6; 91(25):12135-9. PMID: 7527552; PMCID: PMC45391.
  325. Pricop L, Brumeanu T, Elahi E, Moran T, Wang BS, Troustine M, Huszar D, Alt F, Bona C. Antibody response elicited by T-dependent and T-independent antigens in gene targeted kappa-deficient mice. Int Immunol. 1994 Dec; 6(12):1839-47. PMID: 7535094.
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  326. Sen J, Shinkai Y, Alt FW, Sen R, Burakoff SJ. Nuclear factors that mediate intrathymic signals are developmentally regulated. J Exp Med. 1994 Dec 1; 180(6):2321-7. PMID: 7964504; PMCID: PMC2191758.
  327. Tsai FY, Keller G, Kuo FC, Weiss M, Chen J, Rosenblatt M, Alt FW, Orkin SH. An early haematopoietic defect in mice lacking the transcription factor GATA-2. Nature. 1994 Sep 15; 371(6494):221-6. PMID: 8078582.
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  328. Taccioli GE, Gottlieb TM, Blunt T, Priestley A, Demengeot J, Mizuta R, Lehmann AR, Alt FW, Jackson SP, Jeggo PA. Ku80: product of the XRCC5 gene and its role in DNA repair and V(D)J recombination. Science. 1994 Sep 2; 265(5177):1442-5. PMID: 8073286.
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  329. Chen J, Ma A, Young F, Alt FW. IL-2 receptor alpha chain expression during early B lymphocyte differentiation. Int Immunol. 1994 Aug; 6(8):1265-8. PMID: 7981152.
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  330. Okada A, Mendelsohn M, Alt F. Differential activation of transcription versus recombination of transgenic T cell receptor beta variable region gene segments in B and T lineage cells. J Exp Med. 1994 Jul 1; 180(1):261-72. PMID: 8006587; PMCID: PMC2191553.
  331. Shinkai Y, Alt FW. CD3 epsilon-mediated signals rescue the development of CD4+CD8+ thymocytes in RAG-2-/- mice in the absence of TCR beta chain expression. Int Immunol. 1994 Jul; 6(7):995-1001. PMID: 7947468.
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  332. Cogné M, Lansford R, Bottaro A, Zhang J, Gorman J, Young F, Cheng HL, Alt FW. A class switch control region at the 3' end of the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus. Cell. 1994 Jun 3; 77(5):737-47. PMID: 8205622.
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  333. Okada A, Alt FW. Mechanisms that control antigen receptor variable region gene assembly. Semin Immunol. 1994 Jun; 6(3):185-96. PMID: 7948958.
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  334. Young F, Ardman B, Shinkai Y, Lansford R, Blackwell TK, Mendelsohn M, Rolink A, Melchers F, Alt FW. Influence of immunoglobulin heavy- and light-chain expression on B-cell differentiation. Genes Dev. 1994 May 1; 8(9):1043-57. PMID: 7926786.
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  335. Karasuyama H, Rolink A, Shinkai Y, Young F, Alt FW, Melchers F. The expression of Vpre-B/lambda 5 surrogate light chain in early bone marrow precursor B cells of normal and B cell-deficient mutant mice. Cell. 1994 Apr 8; 77(1):133-43. PMID: 8156589.
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  336. Li SC, Rothman PB, Zhang J, Chan C, Hirsh D, Alt FW. Expression of I mu-C gamma hybrid germline transcripts subsequent to immunoglobulin heavy chain class switching. Int Immunol. 1994 Apr; 6(4):491-7. PMID: 8018590.
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  337. Chen J, Stewart V, Spyrou G, Hilberg F, Wagner EF, Alt FW. Generation of normal T and B lymphocytes by c-jun deficient embryonic stem cells. Immunity. 1994 Apr; 1(1):65-72. PMID: 7889400.
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  338. Chen J, Shinkai Y, Young F, Alt FW. Probing immune functions in RAG-deficient mice. Curr Opin Immunol. 1994 Apr; 6(2):313-9. PMID: 8011215.
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  339. Taccioli GE, Cheng HL, Varghese AJ, Whitmore G, Alt FW. A DNA repair defect in Chinese hamster ovary cells affects V(D)J recombination similarly to the murine scid mutation. J Biol Chem. 1994 Mar 11; 269(10):7439-42. PMID: 8125964.
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  340. Bottaro A, Lansford R, Xu L, Zhang J, Rothman P, Alt FW. S region transcription per se promotes basal IgE class switch recombination but additional factors regulate the efficiency of the process. EMBO J. 1994 Feb 1; 13(3):665-74. PMID: 8313911; PMCID: PMC394857.
  341. Isobe H, Alt F, Bona CA, Schulman J. Intact antiinfluenza virus immune response in targeted kappa-deficient mice. Viral Immunol. 1994; 7(1):25-30. PMID: 7986333.
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  342. Chen J, Young F, Bottaro A, Stewart V, Smith RK, Alt FW. Mutations of the intronic IgH enhancer and its flanking sequences differentially affect accessibility of the JH locus. EMBO J. 1993 Dec; 12(12):4635-45. PMID: 8223473; PMCID: PMC413901.
  343. Oltz EM, Alt FW, Lin WC, Chen J, Taccioli G, Desiderio S, Rathbun G. A V(D)J recombinase-inducible B-cell line: role of transcriptional enhancer elements in directing V(D)J recombination. Mol Cell Biol. 1993 Oct; 13(10):6223-30. PMID: 8413222; PMCID: PMC364681.
  344. Nakayama K, Nakayama K, Negishi I, Kuida K, Shinkai Y, Louie MC, Fields LE, Lucas PJ, Stewart V, Alt FW, et al. Disappearance of the lymphoid system in Bcl-2 homozygous mutant chimeric mice. Science. 1993 Sep 17; 261(5128):1584-8. PMID: 8372353.
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  345. Zhang J, Bottaro A, Li S, Stewart V, Alt FW. A selective defect in IgG2b switching as a result of targeted mutation of the I gamma 2b promoter and exon. EMBO J. 1993 Sep; 12(9):3529-37. PMID: 8253079; PMCID: PMC413629.
  346. Blackwell TK, Huang J, Ma A, Kretzner L, Alt FW, Eisenman RN, Weintraub H. Binding of myc proteins to canonical and noncanonical DNA sequences. Mol Cell Biol. 1993 Sep; 13(9):5216-24. PMID: 8395000; PMCID: PMC360210.
  347. Komori T, Okada A, Stewart V, Alt FW. Lack of N regions in antigen receptor variable region genes of TdT-deficient lymphocytes. Science. 1993 Aug 27; 261(5125):1171-5. PMID: 8356451.
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  348. Rathbun G, Oltz EM, Alt FW. Comparison of RAG gene expression in normal and transformed precursor lymphocytes. Int Immunol. 1993 Aug; 5(8):997-1000. PMID: 8398992.
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  349. Chen J, Gorman JR, Stewart V, Williams B, Jacks T, Alt FW. Generation of normal lymphocyte populations by Rb-deficient embryonic stem cells. Curr Biol. 1993 Jul 1; 3(7):405-13. PMID: 15335707.
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  350. Chen J, Trounstine M, Alt FW, Young F, Kurahara C, Loring JF, Huszar D. Immunoglobulin gene rearrangement in B cell deficient mice generated by targeted deletion of the JH locus. Int Immunol. 1993 Jun; 5(6):647-56. PMID: 8347558.
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  351. Chen J, Lansford R, Stewart V, Young F, Alt FW. RAG-2-deficient blastocyst complementation: an assay of gene function in lymphocyte development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 May 15; 90(10):4528-32. PMID: 8506294; PMCID: PMC46545.
  352. Xu L, Gorham B, Li SC, Bottaro A, Alt FW, Rothman P. Replacement of germ-line epsilon promoter by gene targeting alters control of immunoglobulin heavy chain class switching. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Apr 15; 90(8):3705-9. PMID: 8475119; PMCID: PMC46370.
  353. Taccioli GE, Rathbun G, Oltz E, Stamato T, Jeggo PA, Alt FW. Impairment of V(D)J recombination in double-strand break repair mutants. Science. 1993 Apr 9; 260(5105):207-10. PMID: 8469973.
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  354. Ma A, Moroy T, Collum R, Weintraub H, Alt FW, Blackwell TK. DNA binding by N- and L-Myc proteins. Oncogene. 1993 Apr; 8(4):1093-8. PMID: 8455937.
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  355. Rodewald HR, Awad K, Moingeon P, D'Adamio L, Rabinowitz D, Shinkai Y, Alt FW, Reinherz EL. Fc gamma RII/III and CD2 expression mark distinct subpopulations of immature CD4-CD8- murine thymocytes: in vivo developmental kinetics and T cell receptor beta chain rearrangement status. J Exp Med. 1993 Apr 1; 177(4):1079-92. PMID: 8096236; PMCID: PMC2190966.
  356. Chen J, Alt FW. Gene rearrangement and B-cell development. Curr Opin Immunol. 1993 Apr; 5(2):194-200. PMID: 8507397.
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  357. Chen J, Trounstine M, Kurahara C, Young F, Kuo CC, Xu Y, Loring JF, Alt FW, Huszar D. B cell development in mice that lack one or both immunoglobulin kappa light chain genes. EMBO J. 1993 Mar; 12(3):821-30. PMID: 8458340; PMCID: PMC413279.
  358. Shinkai Y, Koyasu S, Nakayama K, Murphy KM, Loh DY, Reinherz EL, Alt FW. Restoration of T cell development in RAG-2-deficient mice by functional TCR transgenes. Science. 1993 Feb 5; 259(5096):822-5. PMID: 8430336.
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  359. Xu Y, Baldassare M, Fisher P, Rathbun G, Oltz EM, Yancopoulos GD, Jessell TM, Alt FW. LH-2: a LIM/homeodomain gene expressed in developing lymphocytes and neural cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Jan 1; 90(1):227-31. PMID: 7678338; PMCID: PMC45633.
  360. Charron J, Malynn BA, Fisher P, Stewart V, Jeannotte L, Goff SP, Robertson EJ, Alt FW. Embryonic lethality in mice homozygous for a targeted disruption of the N-myc gene. Genes Dev. 1992 Dec; 6(12A):2248-57. PMID: 1459450.
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  361. Alt FW, Oltz EM, Young F, Gorman J, Taccioli G, Chen J. VDJ recombination. Immunol Today. 1992 Aug; 13(8):306-14. PMID: 1510813.
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  362. Ma A, Fisher P, Dildrop R, Oltz E, Rathbun G, Achacoso P, Stall A, Alt FW. Surface IgM mediated regulation of RAG gene expression in E mu-N-myc B cell lines. EMBO J. 1992 Jul; 11(7):2727-34. PMID: 1628630; PMCID: PMC556748.
  363. Oltz EM, Yancopoulos GD, Morrow MA, Rolink A, Lee G, Wong F, Kaplan K, Gillis S, Melchers F, Alt FW. A novel regulatory myosin light chain gene distinguishes pre-B cell subsets and is IL-7 inducible. EMBO J. 1992 Jul; 11(7):2759-67. PMID: 1628631; PMCID: PMC556751.
  364. Schultz CL, Rothman P, Kühn R, Kehry M, Müller W, Rajewsky K, Alt F, Coffman RL. T helper cell membranes promote IL-4-independent expression of germ-line C gamma 1 transcripts in B cells. J Immunol. 1992 Jul 1; 149(1):60-4. PMID: 1535089.
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  365. Wang Y, Sugiyama H, Axelson H, Panda CK, Babonits M, Ma A, Steinberg JM, Alt FW, Klein G, Wiener F. Functional homology between N-myc and c-myc in murine plasmacytomagenesis: plasmacytoma development in N-myc transgenic mice. Oncogene. 1992 Jun; 7(6):1241-7. PMID: 1375720.
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  366. Alt FW, Rathbun G, Oltz E, Taccioli G, Shinkai Y. Function and control of recombination-activating gene activity. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1992 May 4; 651:277-94. PMID: 1599127.
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  367. Smith RK, Zimmerman K, Yancopoulos GD, Ma A, Alt FW. Transcriptional down-regulation of N-myc expression during B-cell development. Mol Cell Biol. 1992 Apr; 12(4):1578-84. PMID: 1549113; PMCID: PMC369600.
  368. Möröy T, Fisher PE, Lee G, Achacoso P, Wiener F, Alt FW. High frequency of myelomonocytic tumors in aging E mu L-myc transgenic mice. J Exp Med. 1992 Feb 1; 175(2):313-22. PMID: 1310099; PMCID: PMC2119130.
  369. Morrow MA, Lee G, Gillis S, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Interleukin-7 induces N-myc and c-myc expression in normal precursor B lymphocytes. Genes Dev. 1992 Jan; 6(1):61-70. PMID: 1730410.
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  370. Taccioli GE, Rathbun G, Shinkai Y, Oltz EM, Cheng H, Whitmore G, Stamato T, Jeggo P, Alt FW. Activities involved in V(D)J recombination. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1992; 182:107-14. PMID: 1490344.
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  371. Alt FW. Mutational analyses of lymphocyte differentiation. Harvey Lect. 1992-1993; 88:97-114. PMID: 1365876.
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  372. Möröy T, Verbeek S, Ma A, Achacoso P, Berns A, Alt F. E mu N- and E mu L-myc cooperate with E mu pim-1 to generate lymphoid tumors at high frequency in double-transgenic mice. Oncogene. 1991 Nov; 6(11):1941-8. PMID: 1658705.
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  373. Rothman P, Li SC, Gorham B, Glimcher L, Alt F, Boothby M. Identification of a conserved lipopolysaccharide-plus-interleukin-4-responsive element located at the promoter of germ line epsilon transcripts. Mol Cell Biol. 1991 Nov; 11(11):5551-61. PMID: 1922063; PMCID: PMC361925.
  374. Timmers E, Kenter M, Thompson A, Kraakman ME, Berman JE, Alt FW, Schuurman RK. Diversity of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene segment rearrangement in B lymphoblastoid cell lines from X-linked agammaglobulinemia patients. Eur J Immunol. 1991 Oct; 21(10):2355-63. PMID: 1915549.
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  375. Bailey NC, Kasturi KN, Blackwell TK, Alt FW, Bona CA. Complexity of the immunoglobulin light chain V kappa 1 gene family in the New Zealand black mouse. Int Immunol. 1991 Aug; 3(8):751-60. PMID: 1911544.
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  376. Berman JE, Humphries CG, Barth J, Alt FW, Tucker PW. Structure and expression of human germline VH transcripts. J Exp Med. 1991 Jun 1; 173(6):1529-35. PMID: 1903431; PMCID: PMC2190842.
  377. Berman JE, Nickerson KG, Pollock RR, Barth JE, Schuurman RK, Knowles DM, Chess L, Alt FW. VH gene usage in humans: biased usage of the VH6 gene in immature B lymphoid cells. Eur J Immunol. 1991 May; 21(5):1311-4. PMID: 1903708.
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  378. Bailey NC, Bona A, Dikman S, Bonilla F, Alt FW, Bona C. Correlation between the occurrence of lupus nephritis, anti-erythrocyte autoantibodies and V kappa haplotype in NZB x 129/J and NZB x SM/J recombinant inbred murine strains. Eur J Immunol. 1991 Apr; 21(4):959-65. PMID: 1902180.
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  379. Collum RG, Clayton DF, Alt FW. Structure and expression of canary myc family genes. Mol Cell Biol. 1991 Mar; 11(3):1770-6. PMID: 1996121; PMCID: PMC369496.
  380. Alt FW, Rathbun G, Yancopoulos GD. DNA recombination in the brain? Curr Biol. 1991 Feb; 1(1):3-5. PMID: 15336189.
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  381. Ma A, Smith RK, Tesfaye A, Achacoso P, Dildrop R, Rosenberg N, Alt FW. Mechanism of endogenous myc gene down-regulation in E mu-N-myc tumors. Mol Cell Biol. 1991 Jan; 11(1):440-4. PMID: 1986238; PMCID: PMC359646.
  382. DePinho RA, Schreiber-Agus N, Alt FW. myc family oncogenes in the development of normal and neoplastic cells. Adv Cancer Res. 1991; 57:1-46. PMID: 1950701.
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  383. Li SC, Rothman P, Boothby M, Ferrier P, Glimcher L, Alt FW. Control of immunoglobulin heavy chain constant region gene expression. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991; 292:245-51. PMID: 1950776.
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  384. Desai R, Spatz L, Matsuda T, Ilyas AA, Berman JE, Alt FW, Kabat EA, Latov N. Molecular cloning of a human immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (vh) region with anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein activity. J Neuroimmunol. 1990 Dec; 30(2-3):245. PMID: 1699976.
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  385. Möröy T, Fisher P, Guidos C, Ma A, Zimmerman K, Tesfaye A, DePinho R, Weissman I, Alt FW. IgH enhancer deregulated expression of L-myc: abnormal T lymphocyte development and T cell lymphomagenesis. EMBO J. 1990 Nov; 9(11):3659-66. PMID: 2120050; PMCID: PMC552120.
  386. Ferrier P, Covey LR, Li SC, Suh H, Malynn BA, Blackwell TK, Morrow MA, Alt FW. Normal recombination substrate VH to DJH rearrangements in pre-B cell lines from scid mice. J Exp Med. 1990 Jun 1; 171(6):1909-18. PMID: 2112584; PMCID: PMC2187946.
  387. Zimmerman K, Legouy E, Stewart V, Depinho R, Alt FW. Differential regulation of the N-myc gene in transfected cells and transgenic mice. Mol Cell Biol. 1990 May; 10(5):2096-103. PMID: 2183019; PMCID: PMC360557.
  388. Spatz LA, Wong KK, Williams M, Desai R, Golier J, Berman JE, Alt FW, Latov N. Cloning and sequence analysis of the VH and VL regions of an anti-myelin/DNA antibody from a patient with peripheral neuropathy and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Immunol. 1990 Apr 1; 144(7):2821-8. PMID: 2156935.
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  389. Charron J, Malynn BA, Robertson EJ, Goff SP, Alt FW. High-frequency disruption of the N-myc gene in embryonic stem and pre-B cell lines by homologous recombination. Mol Cell Biol. 1990 Apr; 10(4):1799-804. PMID: 2181287; PMCID: PMC362289.
  390. Rothman P, Chen YY, Lutzker S, Li SC, Stewart V, Coffman R, Alt FW. Structure and expression of germ line immunoglobulin heavy-chain epsilon transcripts: interleukin-4 plus lipopolysaccharide-directed switching to C epsilon. Mol Cell Biol. 1990 Apr; 10(4):1672-9. PMID: 2157139; PMCID: PMC362272.
  391. Yancopoulos GD, Nolan GP, Pollock R, Prockop S, Li SC, Herzenberg LA, Alt FW. A novel fluorescence-based system for assaying and separating live cells according to VDJ recombinase activity. Mol Cell Biol. 1990 Apr; 10(4):1697-704. PMID: 2320007; PMCID: PMC362275.
  392. Malynn BA, Yancopoulos GD, Barth JE, Bona CA, Alt FW. Biased expression of JH-proximal VH genes occurs in the newly generated repertoire of neonatal and adult mice. J Exp Med. 1990 Mar 1; 171(3):843-59. PMID: 2261012; PMCID: PMC2187788.
  393. Collum RG, Alt FW. Are myc proteins transcription factors? Cancer Cells. 1990 Mar; 2(3):69-75. PMID: 2202379.
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  394. Rothman P, Lutzker S, Gorham B, Stewart V, Coffman R, Alt FW. Structure and expression of germline immunoglobulin gamma 3 heavy chain gene transcripts: implications for mitogen and lymphokine directed class-switching. Int Immunol. 1990; 2(7):621-7. PMID: 2126196.
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  395. Covey LR, Ferrier P, Alt FW. VH to VHDJH rearrangement is mediated by the internal VH heptamer. Int Immunol. 1990; 2(6):579-83. PMID: 2085492.
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  396. Berman JE, Alt FW. Human heavy chain variable region gene diversity, organization, and expression. Int Rev Immunol. 1990; 5(3-4):203-14. PMID: 2130117.
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  397. Desai R, Spatz L, Matsuda T, Ilyas AA, Berman JE, Alt FW, Kabat EA, Latov N. Molecular cloning of a human immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (VH) region with anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein activity. J Neuroimmunol. 1990 Jan; 26(1):35-41. PMID: 1688442.
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  398. Ferrier P, Krippl B, Blackwell TK, Furley AJ, Suh H, Winoto A, Cook WD, Hood L, Costantini F, Alt FW. Separate elements control DJ and VDJ rearrangement in a transgenic recombination substrate. EMBO J. 1990 Jan; 9(1):117-25. PMID: 2153073; PMCID: PMC551637.
  399. Zimmerman K, Alt FW. Expression and function of myc family genes. Crit Rev Oncog. 1990; 2(1):75-95. PMID: 2091750.
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  400. Rathbun G, Alt FW, Yancopoulos GD. Immunology: making antigen-receptor genes. Nature. 1989 Dec 21-28; 342(6252):863-4. PMID: 2594082.
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  401. Logtenberg T, Young FM, Van Es JH, Gmelig-Meyling FH, Alt FW. Autoantibodies encoded by the most Jh-proximal human immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene. J Exp Med. 1989 Oct 1; 170(4):1347-55. PMID: 2507728; PMCID: PMC2189456.
  402. Hsu E, Schwager J, Alt FW. Evolution of immunoglobulin genes: VH families in the amphibian Xenopus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Oct; 86(20):8010-4. PMID: 2510156; PMCID: PMC298203.
  403. Rothman P, Li SC, Alt FW. The molecular events in heavy chain class-switching. Semin Immunol. 1989 Sep; 1(1):65-77. PMID: 15630960.
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  404. Blackwell TK, Alt FW. Molecular characterization of the lymphoid V(D)J recombination activity. J Biol Chem. 1989 Jun 25; 264(18):10327-30. PMID: 2499576.
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  405. Logtenberg T, Young FM, van Es J, Gmelig-Meyling FH, Berman JE, Alt FW. Frequency of VH-gene utilization in human EBV-transformed B-cell lines: the most JH-proximal VH segment encodes autoantibodies. J Autoimmun. 1989 Jun; 2 Suppl:203-13. PMID: 2550019.
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  406. Nickerson KG, Berman J, Glickman E, Chess L, Alt FW. Early human IgH gene assembly in Epstein-Barr virus-transformed fetal B cell lines. Preferential utilization of the most JH-proximal D segment (DQ52) and two unusual VH-related rearrangements. J Exp Med. 1989 Apr 1; 169(4):1391-403. PMID: 2538551; PMCID: PMC2189244.
  407. Dildrop R, Ma A, Zimmerman K, Hsu E, Tesfaye A, DePinho R, Alt FW. IgH enhancer-mediated deregulation of N-myc gene expression in transgenic mice: generation of lymphoid neoplasias that lack c-myc expression. EMBO J. 1989 Apr; 8(4):1121-8. PMID: 2501083; PMCID: PMC400923.
  408. Blackwell TK, Malynn BA, Pollock RR, Ferrier P, Covey LR, Fulop GM, Phillips RA, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Isolation of scid pre-B cells that rearrange kappa light chain genes: formation of normal signal and abnormal coding joins. EMBO J. 1989 Mar; 8(3):735-42. PMID: 2785917; PMCID: PMC400869.
  409. Campbell GR, Zimmerman K, Blank RD, Alt FW, D'Eustachio P. Chromosomal location of N-myc and L-myc genes in the mouse. Oncogene Res. 1989; 4(1):47-54. PMID: 2654812.
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  410. Logtenberg T, Schutte ME, Inghirami G, Berman JE, Gmelig-Meyling FH, Insel RA, Knowles DM, Alt FW. Immunoglobulin VH gene expression in human B cell lines and tumors: biased VH gene expression in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Int Immunol. 1989; 1(4):362-6. PMID: 2562243.
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  411. Blackwell TK, Alt FW. Mechanism and developmental program of immunoglobulin gene rearrangement in mammals. Annu Rev Genet. 1989; 23:605-36. PMID: 2694945.
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  412. Ferrier P, Covey LR, Suh H, Winoto A, Hood L, Alt FW. T cell receptor DJ but not VDJ rearrangement within a recombination substrate introduced into a pre-B cell line. Int Immunol. 1989; 1(1):66-74. PMID: 2562155.
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  413. Rothman P, Lutzker S, Cook W, Coffman R, Alt FW. Mitogen plus interleukin 4 induction of C epsilon transcripts in B lymphoid cells. J Exp Med. 1988 Dec 1; 168(6):2385-9. PMID: 3264328; PMCID: PMC2189140.
  414. Sawczuk IS, Olsson CA, Buttyan R, Nguyen-Huu MC, Zimmerman KA, Alt FW, Zakeri Z, Wolgemuth D, Reitelman C. Gene expression in renal growth and regrowth. J Urol. 1988 Nov; 140(5 Pt 2):1145-8. PMID: 3054158.
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  415. Mugrauer G, Alt FW, Ekblom P. N-myc proto-oncogene expression during organogenesis in the developing mouse as revealed by in situ hybridization. J Cell Biol. 1988 Oct; 107(4):1325-35. PMID: 3049618; PMCID: PMC2115249.
  416. Okada A, Bank I, Rogozinski L, Takihara Y, Mak TW, Chess L, Alt FW. Structure of the gamma/delta T cell receptor of a human thymocyte clone. J Exp Med. 1988 Oct 1; 168(4):1481-6. PMID: 2844954; PMCID: PMC2189084.
  417. Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Reconstruction of an immune system. Science. 1988 Sep 23; 241(4873):1581-3. PMID: 3262236.
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  418. Malynn BA, Blackwell TK, Fulop GM, Rathbun GA, Furley AJ, Ferrier P, Heinke LB, Phillips RA, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. The scid defect affects the final step of the immunoglobulin VDJ recombinase mechanism. Cell. 1988 Aug 12; 54(4):453-60. PMID: 3135938.
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  419. Yancopoulos GD, Malynn BA, Alt FW. Developmentally regulated and strain-specific expression of murine VH gene families. J Exp Med. 1988 Jul 1; 168(1):417-35. PMID: 3135366; PMCID: PMC2188955.
  420. Nisen PD, Rich MA, Gloster E, Valderrama E, Saric O, Shende A, Lanzkowsky P, Alt FW. N-myc oncogene expression in histopathologically unrelated bilateral pediatric renal tumors. Cancer. 1988 May 1; 61(9):1821-6. PMID: 2833341.
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  421. Lutzker S, Rothman P, Pollock R, Coffman R, Alt FW. Mitogen- and IL-4-regulated expression of germ-line Ig gamma 2b transcripts: evidence for directed heavy chain class switching. Cell. 1988 Apr 22; 53(2):177-84. PMID: 2834063.
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  422. Lutzker S, Alt FW. Structure and expression of germ line immunoglobulin gamma 2b transcripts. Mol Cell Biol. 1988 Apr; 8(4):1849-52. PMID: 3132612; PMCID: PMC363353.
  423. Takihara Y, Champagne E, Griesser H, Kimura N, Tkachuk D, Reimann J, Okada A, Alt FW, Chess L, Minden M, et al. Sequence and organization of the human T cell delta chain gene. Eur J Immunol. 1988 Feb; 18(2):283-7. PMID: 2965024.
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  424. Dildrop R, Zimmerman K, DePinho RA, Yancopoulos GD, Tesfaye A, Alt FW. Differential expression of myc-family genes during development: normal and deregulated N-myc expression in transgenic mice. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1988; 141:100-9. PMID: 3215042.
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  425. Alt FW, Ferrier P, Malynn B, Lutzker S, Rothman P, Berman J, Blackwell K, Mellis S, Pollock R, Furley A, et al. Control of recombination events during lymphocyte differentiation. Heavy chain variable region gene assembly and heavy chain class switching. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988; 546:9-24. PMID: 3150262.
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  426. DePinho RA, Hatton KS, Tesfaye A, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. The human myc gene family: structure and activity of L-myc and an L-myc pseudogene. Genes Dev. 1987 Dec; 1(10):1311-26. PMID: 3322939.
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  427. Maddon PJ, Molineaux SM, Maddon DE, Zimmerman KA, Godfrey M, Alt FW, Chess L, Axel R. Structure and expression of the human and mouse T4 genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987 Dec; 84(24):9155-9. PMID: 3501122; PMCID: PMC299711.
  428. Alt FW, Blackwell TK, Yancopoulos GD. Development of the primary antibody repertoire. Science. 1987 Nov 20; 238(4830):1079-87. PMID: 3317825.
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  429. Reth M, Petrac E, Wiese P, Lobel L, Alt FW. Activation of V kappa gene rearrangement in pre-B cells follows the expression of membrane-bound immunoglobulin heavy chains. EMBO J. 1987 Nov; 6(11):3299-305. PMID: 3123216; PMCID: PMC553783.
  430. Legouy E, DePinho R, Zimmerman K, Collum R, Yancopoulos G, Mitsock L, Kriz R, Alt FW. Structure and expression of the murine L-myc gene. EMBO J. 1987 Nov; 6(11):3359-66. PMID: 2828024; PMCID: PMC553791.
  431. Kanda N, Tsuchida Y, Hata J, Kohl NE, Alt FW, Latt SA, Utakoji T. Amplification of IMR-32 clones 8, G21, and N-myc in human neuroblastoma xenografts. Cancer Res. 1987 Jun 15; 47(12):3291-5. PMID: 3034408.
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  432. Alt FW, Yancopoulos GD. Circular T-cell receptor gene recombination products. Nature. 1987 May 21-27; 327(6119):189-90. PMID: 3106830.
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  433. Bellon B, Manheimer-Lory A, Monestier M, Moran T, Dimitriu-Bona A, Alt F, Bona C. High frequency of autoantibodies bearing cross-reactive idiotopes among hybridomas using VH7183 genes prepared from normal and autoimmune murine strains. J Clin Invest. 1987 Apr; 79(4):1044-53. PMID: 3558816; PMCID: PMC424282.
  434. Ott DE, Alt FW, Marcu KB. Immunoglobulin heavy chain switch region recombination within a retroviral vector in murine pre-B cells. EMBO J. 1987 Mar; 6(3):577-84. PMID: 3034595; PMCID: PMC553436.
  435. Rohowsky-Kochan C, Kowal C, King DW, Alt FW, Suciu-Foca N. T cell receptor B chain rearrangements in human suppressor T lymphocytes. Transplant Proc. 1987 Feb; 19(1 Pt 1):811-4. PMID: 2950626.
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  436. Kowal C, Rohowsky-Kochan C, Cristea E, Cai J, Rosochacki S, Lungu O, King DW, Alt FW, Suciu-Foca N. Differentiation antigens associated with the function of alloreactive T lymphocytes. Transplant Proc. 1987 Feb; 19(1 Pt 1):268-72. PMID: 3493553.
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  437. Malynn BA, Berman JE, Yancopoulos GD, Bona CA, Alt FW. Expression of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable gene repertoire. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1987; 135:75-94. PMID: 3107914.
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  438. Blackwell TK, Moore MW, Yancopoulos GD, Suh H, Lutzker S, Selsing E, Alt FW. Recombination between immunoglobulin variable region gene segments is enhanced by transcription. Nature. 1986 Dec 11-17; 324(6097):585-9. PMID: 3491327.
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  439. Yancopoulos GD, DePinho RA, Zimmerman KA, Lutzker SG, Rosenberg N, Alt FW. Secondary genomic rearrangement events in pre-B cells: VHDJH replacement by a LINE-1 sequence and directed class switching. EMBO J. 1986 Dec 1; 5(12):3259-66. PMID: 3028778; PMCID: PMC1167320.
  440. Nisen PD, Zimmerman KA, Cotter SV, Gilbert F, Alt FW. Enhanced expression of the N-myc gene in Wilms' tumors. Cancer Res. 1986 Dec; 46(12 Pt 1):6217-22. PMID: 2430692.
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  441. Berman JE, Malynn BA, Blackwell TK, Alt FW. Regulation fo immunoglobulin variable region gene assembly: development of the primary antibody repertoire. Bioessays. 1986 Nov; 5(5):197-203. PMID: 3545193.
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  442. Manheimer-Lory AJ, Monestier M, Bellon B, Alt FW, Bona CA. Fine specificity, idiotypy, and nature of cloned heavy-chain variable region genes of murine monoclonal rheumatoid factor antibodies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Nov; 83(21):8293-7. PMID: 3095832; PMCID: PMC386914.
  443. Shiloh Y, Korf B, Kohl NE, Sakai K, Brodeur GM, Harris P, Kanda N, Seeger RC, Alt F, Latt SA. Amplification and rearrangement of DNA sequences from the chromosomal region 2p24 in human neuroblastomas. Cancer Res. 1986 Oct; 46(10):5297-301. PMID: 3756879.
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  444. Reth MG, Jackson S, Alt FW. VHDJH formation and DJH replacement during pre-B differentiation: non-random usage of gene segments. EMBO J. 1986 Sep; 5(9):2131-8. PMID: 3096716; PMCID: PMC1167092.
  445. Alt FW. Antibody diversity. New mechanism revealed. Nature. 1986 Aug 28-Sep 3; 322(6082):772-3. PMID: 3092104.
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  446. Mensink EJ, Schuurman RK, Schot JD, Thompson A, Alt FW. Immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements in X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Eur J Immunol. 1986 Aug; 16(8):963-7. PMID: 3091379.
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  447. Bank I, DePinho RA, Brenner MB, Cassimeris J, Alt FW, Chess L. A functional T3 molecule associated with a novel heterodimer on the surface of immature human thymocytes. Nature. 1986 Jul 10-16; 322(6075):179-81. PMID: 3487737.
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  448. Alt FW, Reth MG, Blackwell TK, Yancopoulos GD. Regulation of immunoglobulin variable-region gene assembly. Mt Sinai J Med. 1986 Mar; 53(3):166-9. PMID: 3084957.
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  449. DePinho RA, Legouy E, Feldman LB, Kohl NE, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Structure and expression of the murine N-myc gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Mar; 83(6):1827-31. PMID: 3513190; PMCID: PMC323177.
  450. Alt FW, Blackwell TK, DePinho RA, Reth MG, Yancopoulos GD. Regulation of genome rearrangement events during lymphocyte differentiation. Immunol Rev. 1986 Feb; 89:5-30. PMID: 3081433.
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  451. Yancopoulos GD, Blackwell TK, Suh H, Hood L, Alt FW. Introduced T cell receptor variable region gene segments recombine in pre-B cells: evidence that B and T cells use a common recombinase. Cell. 1986 Jan 31; 44(2):251-9. PMID: 3484682.
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  452. Alt FW, DePinho R, Zimmerman K, Legouy E, Hatton K, Ferrier P, Tesfaye A, Yancopoulos G, Nisen P. The human myc gene family. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1986; 51 Pt 2:931-41. PMID: 3034500.
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  453. Depinho RA, Hatton K, Ferrier P, Zimmerman K, Legouy E, Tesfaye A, Collum R, Yancopoulos G, Nisen P, Alt F. Myc family genes: a dispersed multi-gene family. Ann Clin Res. 1986; 18(5-6):284-9. PMID: 3551773.
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  454. Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Regulation of the assembly and expression of variable-region genes. Annu Rev Immunol. 1986; 4:339-68. PMID: 3085692.
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  455. Kohl NE, Legouy E, DePinho RA, Nisen PD, Smith RK, Gee CE, Alt FW. Human N-myc is closely related in organization and nucleotide sequence to c-myc. Nature. 1986 Jan 2-8; 319(6048):73-7. PMID: 3510398.
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  456. Reth MG, Ammirati P, Jackson S, Alt FW. Regulated progression of a cultured pre-B-cell line to the B-cell stage. Nature. 1985 Sep 26-Oct 2; 317(6035):353-5. PMID: 3930970.
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  457. Yancopoulos GD, Nisen PD, Tesfaye A, Kohl NE, Goldfarb MP, Alt FW. N-myc can cooperate with ras to transform normal cells in culture. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Aug; 82(16):5455-9. PMID: 3860871; PMCID: PMC390588.
  458. Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW. Developmentally controlled and tissue-specific expression of unrearranged VH gene segments. Cell. 1985 Feb; 40(2):271-81. PMID: 2578321.
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  459. Alt FW. Exclusive immunoglobulin genes. Nature. 1984 Dec 6-12; 312(5994):502-3. PMID: 6504160.
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  460. DePinho R, Kruger K, Andrews N, Lutzker S, Baltimore D, Alt FW. Molecular basis of heavy-chain class switching and switch region deletion in an Abelson virus-transformed cell line. Mol Cell Biol. 1984 Dec; 4(12):2905-10. PMID: 6098827; PMCID: PMC369304.
  461. Reth MG, Alt FW. Novel immunoglobulin heavy chains are produced from DJH gene segment rearrangements in lymphoid cells. Nature. 1984 Nov 29-Dec 5; 312(5993):418-23. PMID: 6095102.
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  462. Desiderio SV, Yancopoulos GD, Paskind M, Thomas E, Boss MA, Landau N, Alt FW, Baltimore D. Insertion of N regions into heavy-chain genes is correlated with expression of terminal deoxytransferase in B cells. Nature. 1984 Oct 25-31; 311(5988):752-5. PMID: 6092963.
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  463. Yancopoulos GD, Desiderio SV, Paskind M, Kearney JF, Baltimore D, Alt FW. Preferential utilization of the most JH-proximal VH gene segments in pre-B-cell lines. Nature. 1984 Oct 25-31; 311(5988):727-33. PMID: 6092962.
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  464. Alt FW, Yancopoulos GD, Blackwell TK, Wood C, Thomas E, Boss M, Coffman R, Rosenberg N, Tonegawa S, Baltimore D. Ordered rearrangement of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region segments. EMBO J. 1984 Jun; 3(6):1209-19. PMID: 6086308; PMCID: PMC557501.
  465. Blackwell TK, Alt FW. Site-specific recombination between immunoglobulin D and JH segments that were introduced into the genome of a murine pre-B cell line. Cell. 1984 May; 37(1):105-12. PMID: 6327046.
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  466. Kohl NE, Kanda N, Schreck RR, Bruns G, Latt SA, Gilbert F, Alt FW. Transposition and amplification of oncogene-related sequences in human neuroblastomas. Cell. 1983 Dec; 35(2 Pt 1):359-67. PMID: 6197179.
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  467. Kanda N, Schreck R, Alt F, Bruns G, Baltimore D, Latt S. Isolation of amplified DNA sequences from IMR-32 human neuroblastoma cells: facilitation by fluorescence-activated flow sorting of metaphase chromosomes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1983 Jul; 80(13):4069-73. PMID: 6575396; PMCID: PMC394202.
  468. Lewis S, Rosenberg N, Alt F, Baltimore D. Continuing kappa-gene rearrangement in a cell line transformed by Abelson murine leukemia virus. Cell. 1982 Oct; 30(3):807-16. PMID: 6291785.
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  469. Alt FW, Baltimore D. Joining of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene segments: implications from a chromosome with evidence of three D-JH fusions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1982 Jul; 79(13):4118-22. PMID: 6287467; PMCID: PMC346588.
  470. Alt FW, Rosenberg N, Enea V, Siden E, Baltimore D. Multiple immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene transcripts in Abelson murine leukemia virus-transformed lymphoid cell lines. Mol Cell Biol. 1982 Apr; 2(4):386-400. PMID: 6810096; PMCID: PMC369803.
  471. Alt FW, Rosenberg N, Casanova RJ, Thomas E, Baltimore D. Immunoglobulin heavy-chain expression and class switching in a murine leukaemia cell line. Nature. 1982 Mar 25; 296(5855):325-31. PMID: 6801527.
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  472. Alt F, Rosenberg N, Lewis S, Thomas E, Baltimore D. Organization and reorganization of immunoglobulin genes in A-MULV-transformed cells: rearrangement of heavy but not light chain genes. Cell. 1981 Dec; 27(2 Pt 1):381-90. PMID: 6277505.
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  473. Siden E, Alt FW, Shinefeld L, Sato V, Baltimore D. Synthesis of immunoglobulin mu chain gene products precedes synthesis of light chains during B-lymphocyte development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Mar; 78(3):1823-7. PMID: 6112749; PMCID: PMC319227.
  474. Mather EL, Alt FW, Bothwell AL, Baltimore D, Koshland ME. Expression of J chain RNA in cell lines representing different stages of B lymphocyte differentiation. Cell. 1981 Feb; 23(2):369-78. PMID: 6781757.
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  475. Alt FW, Enea V, Bothwell AL, Baltimore D. Activity of multiple light chain genes in murine myeloma cells producing a single, functional light chain. Cell. 1980 Aug; 21(1):1-12. PMID: 6773666.
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  476. Alt FW, Bothwell AL, Knapp M, Siden E, Mather E, Koshland M, Baltimore D. Synthesis of secreted and membrane-bound immunoglobulin mu heavy chains is directed by mRNAs that differ at their 3' ends. Cell. 1980 Jun; 20(2):293-301. PMID: 6771018.
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  477. Schimke RT, Alt FW, Kellems RE, Kaufman RJ, Bertino JR. Amplification of dihydrofolate reductase genes in methotrexate-resistant cultured mouse cells. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1978; 42 Pt 2:649-57. PMID: 277312.
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