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Alvaro Pascual-Leone, PH.D., M.D.

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Overview
At the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation that I direct we have three distinct missions: (1) Research explores brain-behavior relations, brain plasticity and its modulation, employing different noninvasive brain stimulation techniques combined with careful task design, electroencephalography, and functional brain imaging. (2) Educational efforts feature an intensive course in noninvasive brain stimulation offered three times per year as part of Harvard’s Continuing Medical Education program. (3) Clinical work includes diagnostic studies therapeutic applications of noninvasive brain stimulation for treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders.
My work has been fundamental in establishing transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a tool capable of revealing causal brain-behavior relations and the timing of information flow and dynamic adaptation in neural networks. My laboratory has contributed to increasing the knowledge about the mechanisms of action and improving the methodology of TMS and its combination with other neurophysiologic and brain imaging methods. For example we developed a method to interface TMS with EEG to allow the study of the effects of brain stimulation on ongoing brain activity and ultimately enable the use of EEG activity as a means of controlling the stimulation applied, and a novel methodology to introduce TMS into the MRI scanner in order to be able to study the neural activity evoked by TMS and thus correlate behavioral with underlying neurophysiologic effects.
I was the first to show that trains of repetitive TMS can be reliably and safely disrupt the activity of a given brain region transiently and thus provide insights about the causality of brain activity in behavior. I demonstrated the rapid plasticity of motor cortical outputs during motor learning, the requirement of visual cortex input for tactile Braille reading in the blind, the causal role of primary visual cortex and the dynamics of interhemipheric compensatory processes during mental imagery, and the need for fast back-projections in visual awareness tasks. Moreover, coupling TMS with physiologic and imaging techniques, I showed that repetitive TMS can induce lasting changes in regional brain excitability and exert trans-synaptic modulatory effects on neural network activity in animal and human studies. This allows for the investigation of the rapid neuroplastic changes that compensate for brain injury or dysfunction, and permits the model-driven, individually-tailored modulation of disrupted networks for treating common neuropsychiatric conditions. We showed that TMS can aide in the recovery of hand function and aphasia after stroke, the adaptation to blindness, the rehabilitation of neglect, the control of addictive behavior, and the acquisition of language and imitation behavior in autism. My laboratory carried out the first double blind study of rTMS in major depression, and the first proof-of-principle studies suggesting therapeutic possibilities of TMS in epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, visceral pain and dystonia. This work provides support to the notion that modulation of activity along a distributed neural network can induce long-lasting plastic changes, even in the adult brain, and have behavioral consequences, which in certain conditions may be therapeutic.

Mentoring
Available: 07/25/17, Expires: 08/31/20

This study supported by an NSF grant investigates the brain organization of language using careful linguistic tasks, brain imaging and brain stimulation. Students will participate in all aspects of the work, including data acquisition, experimental conduct, data analysis, etc

Available: 09/14/17, Expires: 05/31/20

This NIH and Broad Institute funded study seeks to assess the test-retest reliability of measures of brain excitability and connectivity obtained by combining noninvasive brain stimulation with electroencephalography and imaging. This measures serve as biomarkers of brain health and predictors of risk of disease.

EEG microstates and repetitive TMS: Changes in EEG microstate dynamics following continuous theta burst stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
Summer, 06/17/13 - 08/09/13
Lateralized Motor Evoked Potentials via Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Summer, 06/01/08 - 09/01/08
Cortical Plasticity Associated with Blindness
Full Time, 07/03/00 - 01/28/01
Time Course of Activation of Visual Cortex in Braille Reading by Blind Patients: A Transcranial magnetic Stimulation Study
Part Time, 03/01/00 - 03/31/00
Decision-making in people with narcolepsy and healthy age-matched controls
Full Time/Year Long, 11/01/06 - 06/29/07
Time Course of Activation of visual Cortex in Braille Reading y blind Patients: A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study
Summer, 06/12/00 - 08/25/00
Modulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in obesity.
Summer, 06/18/07 - 08/10/07

Research
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. R21AG051846 (PASCUAL-LEONE, ALVARO) Jun 1, 2016 - Mar 31, 2018
    NIH/NIA
    Brain Plasticity Measures in MCI
    Role: Principal Investigator
  2. R01MH100186 (PASCUAL-LEONE, ALVARO) Aug 15, 2014 - May 31, 2019
    NIH/NIMH
    Cortical Plasticity in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. R21NS085491 (PASCUAL-LEONE, ALVARO) Sep 1, 2013 - Aug 31, 2015
    NIH/NINDS
    Transcranial Stimulation in Spino-Cerebellar Ataxia
    Role: Principal Investigator
  4. R21HD077616 (EDWARDS, DYLAN JAMES) Aug 1, 2013 - Jul 31, 2015
    NIH/NICHD
    Non-invasive stimulation for improving motor function in spinal cord injury
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
  5. R21NS082870 (PASCUAL-LEONE, ALVARO) May 15, 2013 - Apr 30, 2015
    NIH/NINDS
    Cortical plasticity in type II diabetes mellitus
    Role: Principal Investigator
This researcher has shared information about their research resources in the eagle-i Network. To update or add resource records, contact eagle-i@hms.harvard.edu.
Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation (BIDMC) - Core services (2) and Research opportunities (1)
Harvard Catalyst Clinical Research Center - Core services (30) and Instruments (18)

Bibliographic
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Boes AD, Kelly MS, Trapp NT, Stern AP, Press DZ, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive Brain Stimulation: Challenges and Opportunities for a New Clinical Specialty. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2018 Apr 24; appineuropsych17110262. PMID: 29685065.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Brem AK, Almquist JN, Mansfield K, Plessow F, Sella F, Santarnecchi E, Orhan U, McKanna J, Pavel M, Mathan S, Yeung N, Pascual-Leone A, Kadosh RC. Modulating fluid intelligence performance through combined cognitive training and brain stimulation. Neuropsychologia. 2018 Apr 09. PMID: 29649503.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Santarnecchi E, Sprugnoli G, Tatti E, Mencarelli L, Neri F, Momi D, Di Lorenzo G, Pascual-Leone A, Rossi S, Rossi A. Brain functional connectivity correlates of coping styles. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2018 Mar 23. PMID: 29572771.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Lefebvre G, Chamard E, Proulx S, Tremblay S, Halko M, Soman S, de Guise E, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. Increased Myo-Inositol in Primary Motor Cortex of Contact Sports Athletes without a History of Concussion. J Neurotrauma. 2018 Feb 09. PMID: 29279021.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Boes AD, Uitermarkt BD, Albazron FM, Lan MJ, Liston C, Pascual-Leone A, Dubin MJ, Fox MD. Rostral anterior cingulate cortex is a structural correlate of repetitive TMS treatment response in depression. Brain Stimul. 2018 May - Jun; 11(3):575-581. PMID: 29454551.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Manor B, Yu W, Zhu H, Harrison R, Lo OY, Lipsitz L, Travison T, Pascual-Leone A, Zhou J. Smartphone App-Based Assessment of Gait During Normal and Dual-Task Walking: Demonstration of Validity and Reliability. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018 Jan 30; 6(1):e36. PMID: 29382625.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Lonergan B, Nguyen E, Lembo C, Hinchman C, Morales OG, Press DZ, Pascual-Leone A, Stern AP. Patient- and Technician-Oriented Attitudes Toward Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Devices. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2018 Jan 25; appineuropsych17070146. PMID: 29366375.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Paul C, Pascual-Leone A, Stern AP. Varied Antidepressant Response and Subjective Experience Across 3 Different Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Devices: A Case Report. J ECT. 2017 12; 33(4):e34-e35. PMID: 29190225.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Medina-Fernandez FJ, Escribano BM, Luque E, Caballero-Villarraso J, Gomez-Chaparro JL, Feijoo M, Garcia-Maceira FI, Pascual-Leone A, Drucker-Colin R, Tunez I. Comparative of transcranial magnetic stimulation and other treatments in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Brain Res Bull. 2018 03; 137:140-145. PMID: 29198860.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Hsieh TH, Lee HHC, Hameed MQ, Pascual-Leone A, Hensch TK, Rotenberg A. Trajectory of Parvalbumin Cell Impairment and Loss of Cortical Inhibition in Traumatic Brain Injury. Cereb Cortex. 2017 Dec 01; 27(12):5509-5524. PMID: 27909008.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Madeo D, Talarico A, Pascual-Leone A, Mocenni C, Santarnecchi E. An Evolutionary Game Theory Model of Spontaneous Brain Functioning. Sci Rep. 2017 Nov 22; 7(1):15978. PMID: 29167478.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Weigand A, Horn A, Caballero R, Cooke D, Stern AP, Taylor SF, Press D, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD. Prospective Validation That Subgenual Connectivity Predicts Antidepressant Efficacy of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Sites. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 Nov 10. PMID: 29274805.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Cizginer S, Marcantonio E, Vasunilashorn S, Pascual-Leone A, Shafi M, Schmitt EM, Inouye SK, Jones RN. The Cognitive Reserve Model in the Development of Delirium: The Successful Aging After Elective Surgery Study. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2017 Nov; 30(6):337-345. PMID: 29061098.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Valero-Cabré A, Amengual JL, Stengel C, Pascual-Leone A, Coubard OA. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in basic and clinical neuroscience: A comprehensive review of fundamental principles and novel insights. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2017 Dec; 83:381-404. PMID: 29032089.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Gedankien T, Fried PJ, Pascual-Leone A, Shafi MM. Intermittent theta-burst stimulation induces correlated changes in cortical and corticospinal excitability in healthy older subjects. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 12; 128(12):2419-2427. PMID: 29096215.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Jannati A, Block G, Oberman LM, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Interindividual variability in response to continuous theta-burst stimulation in healthy adults. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 11; 128(11):2268-2278. PMID: 29028501.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Tremblay S, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. A review of the effects of physical activity and sports concussion on brain function and anatomy. Int J Psychophysiol. 2017 Sep 08. PMID: 28893565.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Fried PJ, Jannati A, Davila-Pérez P, Pascual-Leone A. Reproducibility of Single-Pulse, Paired-Pulse, and Intermittent Theta-Burst TMS Measures in Healthy Aging, Type-2 Diabetes, and Alzheimer's Disease. Front Aging Neurosci. 2017; 9:263. PMID: 28871222.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Kaye HL, Gersner R, Boes AD, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Persistent uncrossed corticospinal connections in patients with intractable focal epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2017 10; 75:66-71. PMID: 28830029.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Stillman A, Alexander M, Mannix R, Madigan N, Pascual-Leone A, Meehan WP. Concussion: Evaluation and management. Cleve Clin J Med. 2017 Aug; 84(8):623-630. PMID: 28806161.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Ortiz-Terán L, Diez I, Ortiz T, Perez DL, Aragón JI, Costumero V, Pascual-Leone A, El Fakhri G, Sepulcre J. Brain circuit-gene expression relationships and neuroplasticity of multisensory cortices in blind children. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 06 27; 114(26):6830-6835. PMID: 28607055.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Grossman N, Bono D, Dedic N, Kodandaramaiah SB, Rudenko A, Suk HJ, Cassara AM, Neufeld E, Kuster N, Tsai LH, Pascual-Leone A, Boyden ES. Noninvasive Deep Brain Stimulation via Temporally Interfering Electric Fields. Cell. 2017 Jun 01; 169(6):1029-1041.e16. PMID: 28575667.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Fischer DB, Fried PJ, Ruffini G, Ripolles O, Salvador R, Banus J, Ketchabaw WT, Santarnecchi E, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD. Multifocal tDCS targeting the resting state motor network increases cortical excitability beyond traditional tDCS targeting unilateral motor cortex. Neuroimage. 2017 Aug 15; 157:34-44. PMID: 28572060.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Vannini P, Hanseeuw B, Munro CE, Amariglio RE, Marshall GA, Rentz DM, Pascual-Leone A, Johnson KA, Sperling RA. Anosognosia for memory deficits in mild cognitive impairment: Insight into the neural mechanism using functional and molecular imaging. Neuroimage Clin. 2017; 15:408-414. PMID: 28616381.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Medina-Fernandez FJ, Escribano BM, Agüera E, Aguilar-Luque M, Feijoo M, Luque E, Garcia-Maceira FI, Pascual-Leone A, Drucker-Colin R, Tunez I. Effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation on oxidative stress in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Free Radic Res. 2017 May; 51(5):460-469. PMID: 28463090.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Santarnecchi E, Khanna AR, Musaeus CS, Benwell CSY, Davila P, Farzan F, Matham S, Pascual-Leone A, Shafi MM. EEG Microstate Correlates of Fluid Intelligence and Response to Cognitive Training. Brain Topogr. 2017 Jul; 30(4):502-520. PMID: 28493012.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Wortman-Jutt S, Putrino D, Bikson M, Thickbroom G, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Sports Performance. Front Hum Neurosci. 2017; 11:243. PMID: 28539880.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Eldaief MC, McMains S, Hutchison RM, Halko MA, Pascual-Leone A. Reconfiguration of Intrinsic Functional Coupling Patterns Following Circumscribed Network Lesions. Cereb Cortex. 2017 05 01; 27(5):2894-2910. PMID: 27226439.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Vannini P, Hanseeuw B, Munro CE, Amariglio RE, Marshall GA, Rentz DM, Pascual-Leone A, Johnson KA, Sperling RA. Hippocampal hypometabolism in older adults with memory complaints and increased amyloid burden. Neurology. 2017 May 02; 88(18):1759-1767. PMID: 28381517.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Vannini P, Amariglio R, Hanseeuw B, Johnson KA, McLaren DG, Chhatwal J, Pascual-Leone A, Rentz D, Sperling RA. Memory self-awareness in the preclinical and prodromal stages of Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychologia. 2017 May; 99:343-349. PMID: 28385579.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Oliveira-Maia AJ, Press D, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of motor cortex excitability predicts antidepressant response to prefrontal cortex repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2017 Jul - Aug; 10(4):787-794. PMID: 28438543.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Shih LC, Pascual-Leone A. Non-invasive Brain Stimulation for Essential Tremor. Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y). 2017; 7:458. PMID: 28373927.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Darby RR, Pascual-Leone A. Moral Enhancement Using Non-invasive Brain Stimulation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2017; 11:77. PMID: 28275345.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Drysdale AT, Grosenick L, Downar J, Dunlop K, Mansouri F, Meng Y, Fetcho RN, Zebley B, Oathes DJ, Etkin A, Schatzberg AF, Sudheimer K, Keller J, Mayberg HS, Gunning FM, Alexopoulos GS, Fox MD, Pascual-Leone A, Voss HU, Casey BJ, Dubin MJ, Liston C. Erratum: Resting-state connectivity biomarkers define neurophysiological subtypes of depression. Nat Med. 2017 02 07; 23(2):264. PMID: 28170383.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Shafi MM, Santarnecchi E, Fong TG, Jones RN, Marcantonio ER, Pascual-Leone A, Inouye SK. Advancing the Neurophysiological Understanding of Delirium. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Jun; 65(6):1114-1118. PMID: 28165616.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Hameed MQ, Dhamne SC, Gersner R, Kaye HL, Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Transcranial Magnetic and Direct Current Stimulation in Children. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2017 Feb; 17(2):11. PMID: 28229395.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Buch ER, Santarnecchi E, Antal A, Born J, Celnik PA, Classen J, Gerloff C, Hallett M, Hummel FC, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Paulus WJ, Reis J, Robertson EM, Rothwell JC, Sandrini M, Schambra HM, Wassermann EM, Ziemann U, Cohen LG. Effects of tDCS on motor learning and memory formation: A consensus and critical position paper. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Apr; 128(4):589-603. PMID: 28231477.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Darby RR, Laganiere S, Pascual-Leone A, Prasad S, Fox MD. Finding the imposter: brain connectivity of lesions causing delusional misidentifications. Brain. 2017 02; 140(2):497-507. PMID: 28082298.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Fried PJ, Schilberg L, Brem AK, Saxena S, Wong B, Cypess AM, Horton ES, Pascual-Leone A. Humans with Type-2 Diabetes Show Abnormal Long-Term Potentiation-Like Cortical Plasticity Associated with Verbal Learning Deficits. J Alzheimers Dis. 2017; 55(1):89-100. PMID: 27636847.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Gonsalvez I, Baror R, Fried P, Santarnecchi E, Pascual-Leone A. Therapeutic Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Alzheimer's Disease. Curr Alzheimer Res. 2017; 14(4):362-376. PMID: 27697061.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Leon D, Cortes M, Elder J, Kumru H, Laxe S, Edwards DJ, Tormos JM, Bernabeu M, Pascual-Leone A. tDCS does not enhance the effects of robot-assisted gait training in patients with subacute stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2017; 35(4):377-384. PMID: 28697574.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Gomes-Osman J, Cabral DF, Hinchman C, Jannati A, Morris TP, Pascual-Leone A. The effects of exercise on cognitive function and brain plasticity - a feasibility trial. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2017; 35(5):547-556. PMID: 28984621.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Drysdale AT, Grosenick L, Downar J, Dunlop K, Mansouri F, Meng Y, Fetcho RN, Zebley B, Oathes DJ, Etkin A, Schatzberg AF, Sudheimer K, Keller J, Mayberg HS, Gunning FM, Alexopoulos GS, Fox MD, Pascual-Leone A, Voss HU, Casey BJ, Dubin MJ, Liston C. Resting-state connectivity biomarkers define neurophysiological subtypes of depression. Nat Med. 2017 01; 23(1):28-38. PMID: 27918562.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Kelly MS, Oliveira-Maia AJ, Bernstein M, Stern AP, Press DZ, Pascual-Leone A, Boes AD. Initial Response to Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment for Depression Predicts Subsequent Response. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2017; 29(2):179-182. PMID: 27899052.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Morris T, Gomes Osman J, Tormos Muñoz JM, Costa Miserachs D, Pascual Leone A. The role of physical exercise in cognitive recovery after traumatic brain injury: A systematic review. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2016 11 22; 34(6):977-988. PMID: 27834788.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Shafi MM, Whitfield-Gabrieli S, Chu CJ, Pascual-Leone A, Chang BS. A Multimodal Imaging- and Stimulation-based Method of Evaluating Connectivity-related Brain Excitability in Patients with Epilepsy. J Vis Exp. 2016 11 13; (117). PMID: 27911366.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Fischer DB, Boes AD, Demertzi A, Evrard HC, Laureys S, Edlow BL, Liu H, Saper CB, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD, Geerling JC. A human brain network derived from coma-causing brainstem lesions. Neurology. 2016 Dec 06; 87(23):2427-2434. PMID: 27815400.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Chang WH, Hwang JM, Uhm KE, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. Corticospinal excitability in the non-dominant hand is affected by BDNF genotype. Neurol Sci. 2017 Feb; 38(2):241-247. PMID: 27783184.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Caulfield KA, Bernstein MH, Stern AP, Pascual-Leone A, Press DZ, Fox MD. Antidepressant Effect of Low-Frequency Right-Sided rTMS in Two Patients with Left Frontal Stroke. Brain Stimul. 2017 Jan - Feb; 10(1):150-151. PMID: 28104083.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Brys M, Fox MD, Agarwal S, Biagioni M, Dacpano G, Kumar P, Pirraglia E, Chen R, Wu A, Fernandez H, Wagle Shukla A, Lou JS, Gray Z, Simon DK, Di Rocco A, Pascual-Leone A. Multifocal repetitive TMS for motor and mood symptoms of Parkinson disease: A randomized trial. Neurology. 2016 11 01; 87(18):1907-1915. PMID: 27708129.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Farzan F, Vernet M, Shafi MM, Rotenberg A, Daskalakis ZJ, Pascual-Leone A. Characterizing and Modulating Brain Circuitry through Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Combined with Electroencephalography. Front Neural Circuits. 2016; 10:73. PMID: 27713691.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Chang WH, Uhm KE, Shin YI, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. Factors influencing the response to high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with subacute stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2016 09 21; 34(5):747-55. PMID: 27372515.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Jones RN, Marcantonio ER, Saczynski JS, Tommet D, Gross AL, Travison TG, Alsop DC, Schmitt EM, Fong TG, Cizginer S, Shafi MM, Pascual-Leone A, Inouye SK. Preoperative Cognitive Performance Dominates Risk for Delirium Among Older Adults. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2016 Sep 19. PMID: 27647793.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Bashir S, Vernet M, Najib U, Perez J, Alonso-Alonso M, Knobel M, Yoo WK, Edwards D, Pascual-Leone A. Enhanced motor function and its neurophysiological correlates after navigated low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the contralesional motor cortex in stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2016 08 11; 34(4):677-89. PMID: 27567763.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Bashir S, Varnet M, Najib U, Perez J, Alonso-Alonso M, Knobel M, Yoo WK, Edwards D, Pascual-Leone A. Enhanced motor function and its neurophysiological correlates after navigated low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the contralesional motor cortex in stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2016 Aug 11. PMID: 27567753.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A, Nummenmaa A. Modeling fiber-like conductivity structures via the boundary element method using thin-wire approximation. I construction of basis functions. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2016 08; 2016:6473-6476. PMID: 28269729.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A, Nummenmaa A, Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A, Nummenmaa A, Nummenmaa A, Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A. Modeling fiber-like conductivity structures via the boundary element method using thin-wire approximation. I construction of basis functions. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2016 Aug; 2016:6473-6476. PMID: 28227993.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Gersner R, Dhamne SC, Zangen A, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Bursts of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), together with lorazepam, suppress seizures in a rat kainate status epilepticus model. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 09; 62:136-9. PMID: 27467275.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Ortiz-Terán L, Ortiz T, Perez DL, Aragón JI, Diez I, Pascual-Leone A, Sepulcre J. Brain Plasticity in Blind Subjects Centralizes Beyond the Modal Cortices. Front Syst Neurosci. 2016; 10:61. PMID: 27458350; PMCID: PMC4937754.
  60. Sun Y, Lipton JO, Boyle LM, Madsen JR, Goldenberg MC, Pascual-Leone A, Sahin M, Rotenberg A. Direct current stimulation induces mGluR5-dependent neocortical plasticity. Ann Neurol. 2016 Aug; 80(2):233-46. PMID: 27315032.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Mannix R, Meehan WP, Pascual-Leone A. Sports-related concussions - media, science and policy. Nat Rev Neurol. 2016 Aug; 12(8):486-90. PMID: 27364748.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Wurzman R, Hamilton RH, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD. An open letter concerning do-it-yourself users of transcranial direct current stimulation. Ann Neurol. 2016 Jul; 80(1):1-4. PMID: 27216434.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Oliveira-Maia AJ, Garcia-Guarniz AL, Sinanis A, Pascual-Leone A, Press D. Comparative Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Treatment of Depression Using 2 Different Stimulation Devices: A Retrospective Open-Label Study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2016 06; 77(6):e743-4. PMID: 27337423.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Oberman LM, Ifert-Miller F, Najib U, Bashir S, Heydrich JG, Picker J, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Abnormal Mechanisms of Plasticity and Metaplasticity in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Fragile X Syndrome. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2016 Sep; 26(7):617-24. PMID: 27218148.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Devine JM, Wong B, Gervino E, Pascual-Leone A, Alexander MP. Independent, Community-Based Aerobic Exercise Training for People With Moderate-to-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 08; 97(8):1392-7. PMID: 27216223.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Rivera-Rivera PA, Rios-Lago M, Sanchez-Casarrubios S, Salazar O, Yus M, González-Hidalgo M, Sanz A, Avecillas-Chasin J, Alvarez-Linera J, Pascual-Leone A, Oliviero A, Barcia JA. Cortical plasticity catalyzed by prehabilitation enables extensive resection of brain tumors in eloquent areas. J Neurosurg. 2017 Apr; 126(4):1323-1333. PMID: 27203145.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Bartrés-Faz D, Rossi S, Pascual-Leone A. Editorial: Non-invasive Brain Stimulation and Plasticity Changes in Aging. Front Aging Neurosci. 2016; 8:96. PMID: 27199742; PMCID: PMC4854885.
  68. Klein MM, Treister R, Raij T, Pascual-Leone A, Park L, Nurmikko T, Lenz F, Lefaucheur JP, Lang M, Hallett M, Fox M, Costello A, Carr DB, Ayache SS, Oaklander AL. Reply. Pain. 2016 May; 157(5):1175-6. PMID: 27081841.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Boes AD, Stern AP, Bernstein M, Hooker JE, Connor A, Press DZ, Pascual-Leone A. H-Coil Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Induced Seizure in an Adult with Major Depression: A Case Report. Brain Stimul. 2016 Jul-Aug; 9(4):632-3. PMID: 27160470.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Chang WH, Fried PJ, Saxena S, Jannati A, Gomes-Osman J, Kim YH, Pascual-Leone A. Optimal number of pulses as outcome measures of neuronavigated transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 08; 127(8):2892-7. PMID: 27156431.
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  71. Camprodon JA, Pascual-Leone A. Multimodal Applications of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Circuit-Based Psychiatry. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016 Apr; 73(4):407-8. PMID: 26981644.
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  72. Farzan F, Pascual-Leone A, Schmahmann JD, Halko M. Enhancing the Temporal Complexity of Distributed Brain Networks with Patterned Cerebellar Stimulation. Sci Rep. 2016 Mar 24; 6:23599. PMID: 27009405; PMCID: PMC4806366.
  73. Gersner R, Oberman L, Sanchez MJ, Chiriboga N, Kaye HL, Pascual-Leone A, Libenson M, Roth Y, Zangen A, Rotenberg A. H-coil repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: A case report. Epilepsy Behav Case Rep. 2016; 5:52-6. PMID: 27114902; PMCID: PMC4832041.
  74. Perera T, George MS, Grammer G, Janicak PG, Pascual-Leone A, Wirecki TS. The Clinical TMS Society Consensus Review and Treatment Recommendations for TMS Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder. Brain Stimul. 2016 May-Jun; 9(3):336-346. PMID: 27090022.
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  75. Stoeckel LE, Arvanitakis Z, Gandy S, Small D, Kahn CR, Pascual-Leone A, Pawlyk A, Sherwin R, Smith P. "White Paper" meeting summary and catalyst for future inquiry: Complex mechanisms linking neurocognitive dysfunction to insulin resistance and other metabolic dysfunction. F1000Res. 2016; 5:353. PMID: 27303627; PMCID: PMC4897751.
  76. Gomes-Osman J, Cortes M, Guest J, Pascual-Leone A. A Systematic Review of Experimental Strategies Aimed at Improving Motor Function after Acute and Chronic Spinal Cord Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2016 Mar 01; 33(5):425-38. PMID: 26415105; PMCID: PMC4779320 [Available on 03/01/17].
  77. Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Enlow MB, D'Angelo E, Seidman LJ, Gumlak S, Kim A, Woodberry KA, Rober A, Tembulkar S, O'Donnell K, Hamoda HM, Kimball K, Rotenberg A, Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Keshavan MS, Duffy FH. N100 Repetition Suppression Indexes Neuroplastic Defects in Clinical High Risk and Psychotic Youth. Neural Plast. 2016; 2016:4209831. PMID: 26881109; PMCID: PMC4737454.
  78. Liu A, Bryant A, Jefferson A, Friedman D, Minhas P, Barnard S, Barr W, Thesen T, O'Connor M, Shafi M, Herman S, Devinsky O, Pascual-Leone A, Schachter S. Exploring the efficacy of a 5-day course of transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) on depression and memory function in patients with well-controlled temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 Feb; 55:11-20. PMID: 26720704.
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  79. Rubio B, Boes AD, Laganiere S, Rotenberg A, Jeurissen D, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review. J Child Neurol. 2016 May; 31(6):784-96. PMID: 26661481; PMCID: PMC4833526 [Available on 05/01/17].
  80. Makarov SN, Yanamadala J, Piazza MW, Helderman AM, Thang NS, Burnham EH, Pascual-Leone A. Preliminary Upper Estimate of Peak Currents in Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation at Distant Locations From a TMS Coil. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2016 09; 63(9):1944-1955. PMID: 26685221.
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  81. Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Bosquet Enlow M, D'Angelo E, Seidman LJ, Gumlak S, Kim A, Woodberry KA, Rober A, Tembulkar S, Graber K, O'Donnell K, Hamoda HM, Kimball K, Rotenberg A, Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Keshavan MS, Duffy FH. Early auditory processing evoked potentials (N100) show a continuum of blunting from clinical high risk to psychosis in a pediatric sample. Schizophr Res. 2015 Dec; 169(1-3):340-345. PMID: 26549629; PMCID: PMC4821005 [Available on 12/01/16].
  82. Oberman LM, Enticott PG, Casanova MF, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, McCracken JT. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in autism spectrum disorder: Challenges, promise, and roadmap for future research. Autism Res. 2016 Feb; 9(2):184-203. PMID: 26536383; PMCID: PMC4956084 [Available on 02/01/17].
  83. Manor B, Zhou J, Jor'dan A, Zhang J, Fang J, Pascual-Leone A. Reduction of Dual-task Costs by Noninvasive Modulation of Prefrontal Activity in Healthy Elders. J Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Feb; 28(2):275-81. PMID: 26488591; PMCID: PMC4751581.
  84. Hone-Blanchet A, Ciraulo DA, Pascual-Leone A, Fecteau S. Noninvasive brain stimulation to suppress craving in substance use disorders: Review of human evidence and methodological considerations for future work. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2015 Dec; 59:184-200. PMID: 26449761.
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  85. Sharer EA, Mostofsky SH, Pascual-Leone A, Oberman LM. Isolating Visual and Proprioceptive Components of Motor Sequence Learning in ASD. Autism Res. 2016 May; 9(5):563-9. PMID: 26442448.
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  86. Klein MM, Treister R, Raij T, Pascual-Leone A, Park L, Nurmikko T, Lenz F, Lefaucheur JP, Lang M, Hallett M, Fox M, Cudkowicz M, Costello A, Carr DB, Ayache SS, Oaklander AL. Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the brain: guidelines for pain treatment research. Pain. 2015 Sep; 156(9):1601-14. PMID: 25919472; PMCID: PMC4545735.
  87. Stern AP, Boes AD, Haller CS, Bloomingdale K, Pascual-Leone A, Press DZ. Psychiatrists' Attitudes Toward Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Biol Psychiatry. 2016 10 01; 80(7):e55-6. PMID: 26435222.
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  88. Boes AD, Prasad S, Liu H, Liu Q, Pascual-Leone A, Caviness VS, Fox MD. Network localization of neurological symptoms from focal brain lesions. Brain. 2015 Oct; 138(Pt 10):3061-75. PMID: 26264514; PMCID: PMC4671478 [Available on 10/01/16].
  89. Meehan W, Mannix R, Zafonte R, Pascual-Leone A. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy and athletes. Neurology. 2015 Oct 27; 85(17):1504-11. PMID: 26253448; PMCID: PMC4631072 [Available on 10/27/16].
  90. Agosta S, Galante E, Ferraro F, Pascual-Leone A, Oster J, Battelli L. Report of a delayed seizure after low frequency repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in a chronic stroke patient. Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Feb; 127(2):1736-1737. PMID: 26299388.
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  91. Meehan WP, Taylor AM, Berkner P, Sandstrom NJ, Peluso MW, Kurtz MM, Pascual-Leone A, Mannix R. Division III Collision Sports Are Not Associated with Neurobehavioral Quality of Life. J Neurotrauma. 2016 Jan 15; 33(2):254-9. PMID: 26193380; PMCID: PMC4722573 [Available on 01/15/17].
  92. Thickbroom GW, Cortes M, Rykman A, Volpe BT, Fregni F, Krebs HI, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ. Stroke subtype and motor impairment influence contralesional excitability. Neurology. 2015 Aug 11; 85(6):517-20. PMID: 26187228; PMCID: PMC4540249.
  93. Kondo A, Shahpasand K, Mannix R, Qiu J, Moncaster J, Chen CH, Yao Y, Lin YM, Driver JA, Sun Y, Wei S, Luo ML, Albayram O, Huang P, Rotenberg A, Ryo A, Goldstein LE, Pascual-Leone A, McKee AC, Meehan W, Zhou XZ, Lu KP. Antibody against early driver of neurodegeneration cis P-tau blocks brain injury and tauopathy. Nature. 2015 Jul 23; 523(7561):431-436. PMID: 26176913; PMCID: PMC4718588.
  94. Dhamne SC, Ekstein D, Zhuo Z, Gersner R, Zurakowski D, Loddenkemper T, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Acute seizure suppression by transcranial direct current stimulation in rats. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2015 Aug; 2(8):843-56. PMID: 26339678; PMCID: PMC4554445.
  95. Wang Y, Hao Y, Zhou J, Fried PJ, Wang X, Zhang J, Fang J, Pascual-Leone A, Manor B. Direct current stimulation over the human sensorimotor cortex modulates the brain's hemodynamic response to tactile stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2015 Aug; 42(3):1933-40. PMID: 25989209; PMCID: PMC4523467.
  96. Vidal-Piñeiro D, Martín-Trias P, Falcón C, Bargalló N, Clemente IC, Valls-Solé J, Junqué C, Pascual-Leone A, Bartrés-Faz D. Neurochemical Modulation in Posteromedial Default-mode Network Cortex Induced by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2015 Sep-Oct; 8(5):937-44. PMID: 25981159.
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  97. Horvath JC, Gray Z, Schilberg L, Vidrin I, Pascual-Leone A. Action-effect congruence during observational learning leads to faster action sequence learning. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove). 2015; 68(11):2200-15. PMID: 25728536.
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  98. Berent I, Brem AK, Zhao X, Seligson E, Pan H, Epstein J, Stern E, Galaburda AM, Pascual-Leone A. Role of the motor system in language knowledge. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 17; 112(7):1983-8. PMID: 25646465; PMCID: PMC4343166.
  99. Oberman LM, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Feb; 45(2):524-36. PMID: 24127165; PMCID: PMC4519010.
  100. Shafi MM, Vernet M, Klooster D, Chu CJ, Boric K, Barnard ME, Romatoski K, Westover MB, Christodoulou JA, Gabrieli JD, Whitfield-Gabrieli S, Pascual-Leone A, Chang BS. Physiological consequences of abnormal connectivity in a developmental epilepsy. Ann Neurol. 2015 Mar; 77(3):487-503. PMID: 25858773; PMCID: PMC4394240.
  101. Oberman LM, Enticott PG, Casanova MF, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, McCracken JT. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) therapy for autism: an international consensus conference held in conjunction with the international meeting for autism research on May 13th and 14th, 2014. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:1034. PMID: 25642178; PMCID: PMC4295436.
  102. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Alonso-Alonso M, Shetty RP, Ronen I, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Long-term effects of contralesional rTMS in severe stroke: safety, cortical excitability, and relationship with transcallosal motor fibers. NeuroRehabilitation. 2015; 36(1):51-9. PMID: 25547768.
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  103. Tremblay S, Vernet M, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. Theta burst stimulation to characterize changes in brain plasticity following mild traumatic brain injury: A proof-of-principle study. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2015; 33(5):611-20. PMID: 25735241; PMCID: PMC4850740.
  104. Khanna A, Pascual-Leone A, Michel CM, Farzan F. Microstates in resting-state EEG: current status and future directions. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2015 Feb; 49:105-13. PMID: 25526823; PMCID: PMC4305485.
  105. VanHaerents S, Herman ST, Pang T, Pascual-Leone A, Shafi MM. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; A cost-effective and beneficial treatment option for refractory focal seizures. Clin Neurophysiol. 2015 Sep; 126(9):1840-2. PMID: 25573025; PMCID: PMC4527959.
  106. Fecteau S, Dickler M, Pelayo R, Kumru H, Bernabeu M, Opisso Salleras E, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Cortical Excitability During Passive Action Observation in Hospitalized Adults With Subacute Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary TMS Study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2015 Jul; 29(6):548-56. PMID: 25505219; PMCID: PMC4465410.
  107. Khanna A, Pascual-Leone A, Farzan F. Reliability of resting-state microstate features in electroencephalography. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e114163. PMID: 25479614; PMCID: PMC4257589.
  108. Murray LM, Edwards DJ, Ruffini G, Labar D, Stampas A, Pascual-Leone A, Cortes M. Intensity dependent effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on corticospinal excitability in chronic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Apr; 96(4 Suppl):S114-21. PMID: 25461825; PMCID: PMC4380548.
  109. Tremblay S, Lepage JF, Latulipe-Loiselle A, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. The uncertain outcome of prefrontal tDCS. Brain Stimul. 2014 Nov-Dec; 7(6):773-83. PMID: 25456566; PMCID: PMC4342747.
  110. Vernet M, Brem AK, Farzan F, Pascual-Leone A. Synchronous and opposite roles of the parietal and prefrontal cortices in bistable perception: a double-coil TMS-EEG study. Cortex. 2015 Mar; 64:78-88. PMID: 25461709; PMCID: PMC4346464.
  111. Fox MD, Buckner RL, Liu H, Chakravarty MM, Lozano AM, Pascual-Leone A. Resting-state networks link invasive and noninvasive brain stimulation across diverse psychiatric and neurological diseases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Oct 14; 111(41):E4367-75. PMID: 25267639; PMCID: PMC4205651.
  112. Halko MA, Farzan F, Eldaief MC, Schmahmann JD, Pascual-Leone A. Intermittent theta-burst stimulation of the lateral cerebellum increases functional connectivity of the default network. J Neurosci. 2014 Sep 03; 34(36):12049-56. PMID: 25186750; PMCID: PMC4152606.
  113. Noetscher GM, Yanamadala J, Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A. Comparison of cephalic and extracephalic montages for transcranial direct current stimulation--a numerical study. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Sep; 61(9):2488-98. PMID: 25014947.
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  114. Doruk D, Gray Z, Bravo GL, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Effects of tDCS on executive function in Parkinson's disease. Neurosci Lett. 2014 Oct 17; 582:27-31. PMID: 25179996.
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  115. Grau C, Ginhoux R, Riera A, Nguyen TL, Chauvat H, Berg M, Amengual JL, Pascual-Leone A, Ruffini G. Conscious brain-to-brain communication in humans using non-invasive technologies. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e105225. PMID: 25137064; PMCID: PMC4138179.
  116. Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Modulation of corticospinal excitability by transcranial magnetic stimulation in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:627. PMID: 25165441; PMCID: PMC4131188.
  117. Shafi M, Stern AP, Pascual-Leone A. Adding low-field magnetic stimulation to noninvasive electromagnetic neuromodulatory therapies. Biol Psychiatry. 2014 Aug 01; 76(3):170-1. PMID: 25012043; PMCID: PMC4244700.
  118. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Rykman A, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe BT. Reply: evidence against volume conduction to explain normal MEPs in muscles with low motor power in SCI. Spinal Cord. 2014 Sep; 52(9):718. PMID: 25047055.
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  119. Rodríguez N, Opisso E, Pascual-Leone A, Soler MD. Skin lesions induced by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Brain Stimul. 2014 Sep-Oct; 7(5):765-7. PMID: 25073936.
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  120. Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A. Hyperplasticity in Autism Spectrum Disorder confers protection from Alzheimer's disease. Med Hypotheses. 2014 Sep; 83(3):337-42. PMID: 25047996; PMCID: PMC4392915.
  121. Park JY, Kim YH, Chang WH, Park CH, Shin YI, Kim ST, Pascual-Leone A. Significance of longitudinal changes in the default-mode network for cognitive recovery after stroke. Eur J Neurosci. 2014 Aug; 40(4):2715-22. PMID: 24931140.
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  122. Bashir S, Perez JM, Horvath JC, Pena-Gomez C, Vernet M, Capia A, Alonso-Alonso M, Pascual-Leone A. Differential effects of motor cortical excitability and plasticity in young and old individuals: a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) study. Front Aging Neurosci. 2014; 6:111. PMID: 24959141; PMCID: PMC4050736.
  123. Elloian JM, Noetscher GM, Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A. Continuous wave simulations on the propagation of electromagnetic fields through the human head. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Jun; 61(6):1676-83. PMID: 24845277.
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  124. Plow EB, Cattaneo Z, Carlson TA, Alvarez GA, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The compensatory dynamic of inter-hemispheric interactions in visuospatial attention revealed using rTMS and fMRI. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:226. PMID: 24860462; PMCID: PMC4029023.
  125. Fecteau S, Agosta S, Hone-Blanchet A, Fregni F, Boggio P, Ciraulo D, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of smoking and decision-making behaviors with transcranial direct current stimulation in tobacco smokers: a preliminary study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Jul 01; 140:78-84. PMID: 24814566; PMCID: PMC4242508.
  126. Fried PJ, Rushmore RJ, Moss MB, Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A. Causal evidence supporting functional dissociation of verbal and spatial working memory in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Eur J Neurosci. 2014 Jun; 39(11):1973-81. PMID: 24713032; PMCID: PMC4043922.
  127. Gunduz A, Kumru H, Pascual-Leone A. Outcomes in spasticity after repetitive transcranial magnetic and transcranial direct current stimulations. Neural Regen Res. 2014 Apr 01; 9(7):712-8. PMID: 25206878; PMCID: PMC4146264.
  128. Chang WH, Bang OY, Shin YI, Lee A, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. BDNF polymorphism and differential rTMS effects on motor recovery of stroke patients. Brain Stimul. 2014 Jul-Aug; 7(4):553-8. PMID: 24767962.
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  129. Muller PA, Dhamne SC, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Suppression of motor cortical excitability in anesthetized rats by low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e91065. PMID: 24646791; PMCID: PMC3960125.
  130. Edwards DJ, Dipietro L, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Medeiros AH, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Krebs HI, Pascual-Leone A. Movement-generated afference paired with transcranial magnetic stimulation: an associative stimulation paradigm. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2014 Mar 05; 11:31. PMID: 24597619; PMCID: PMC3975847.
  131. Rosset-Llobet J, Fàbregas-Molas S, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation improves neurorehabilitation of task-specific dystonia: a pilot study. Med Probl Perform Art. 2014 Mar; 29(1):16-8. PMID: 24647456.
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  132. Jeurissen D, Sack AT, Roebroeck A, Russ BE, Pascual-Leone A. TMS affects moral judgment, showing the role of DLPFC and TPJ in cognitive and emotional processing. Front Neurosci. 2014; 8:18. PMID: 24592204; PMCID: PMC3923146.
  133. Dhamne SC, Kothare RS, Yu C, Hsieh TH, Anastasio EM, Oberman L, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. A measure of acoustic noise generated from transcranial magnetic stimulation coils. Brain Stimul. 2014 May-Jun; 7(3):432-4. PMID: 24582370.
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  134. Hsieh TH, Huang YZ, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, Chiang YH, Wang JY, Chen JJ. Functional Dopaminergic Neurons in Substantia Nigra are Required for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Induced Motor Plasticity. Cereb Cortex. 2015 Jul; 25(7):1806-14. PMID: 24451657.
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  135. Zhou J, Hao Y, Wang Y, Jor'dan A, Pascual-Leone A, Zhang J, Fang J, Manor B. Transcranial direct current stimulation reduces the cost of performing a cognitive task on gait and postural control. Eur J Neurosci. 2014 Apr; 39(8):1343-8. PMID: 24443958; PMCID: PMC4221849.
  136. Papeo L, Lingnau A, Agosta S, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L, Caramazza A. The origin of word-related motor activity. Cereb Cortex. 2015 Jun; 25(6):1668-75. PMID: 24421174; PMCID: PMC4447822.
  137. Vidal-Piñeiro D, Martin-Trias P, Arenaza-Urquijo EM, Sala-Llonch R, Clemente IC, Mena-Sánchez I, Bargalló N, Falcón C, Pascual-Leone Á, Bartrés-Faz D. Task-dependent activity and connectivity predict episodic memory network-based responses to brain stimulation in healthy aging. Brain Stimul. 2014 Mar-Apr; 7(2):287-96. PMID: 24485466; PMCID: PMC4517193.
  138. Martin PI, Treglia E, Naeser MA, Ho MD, Baker EH, Martin EG, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Language improvements after TMS plus modified CILT: Pilot, open-protocol study with two, chronic nonfluent aphasia cases. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2014; 32(4):483-505. PMID: 25015701; PMCID: PMC4592134.
  139. Fecteau S, Levasseur-Moreau J, García-Molina A, Kumru H, Vergara RP, Bernabeu M, Roig T, Pascual-Leone A, Tormos JM. Risk taking in hospitalized patients with acute and severe traumatic brain injury. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e83598. PMID: 24386232; PMCID: PMC3873371.
  140. Ruffini G, Fox MD, Ripolles O, Miranda PC, Pascual-Leone A. Optimization of multifocal transcranial current stimulation for weighted cortical pattern targeting from realistic modeling of electric fields. Neuroimage. 2014 Apr 01; 89:216-25. PMID: 24345389; PMCID: PMC3944133.
  141. Eldaief MC, Press DZ, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in neurology: A review of established and prospective applications. Neurol Clin Pract. 2013 Dec; 3(6):519-526. PMID: 24353923.
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  142. Mehta UM, Thirthalli J, Basavaraju R, Gangadhar BN, Pascual-Leone A. Reduced mirror neuron activity in schizophrenia and its association with theory of mind deficits: evidence from a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Schizophr Bull. 2014 Sep; 40(5):1083-94. PMID: 24214933; PMCID: PMC4133670.
  143. Nummenmaa A, McNab JA, Savadjiev P, Okada Y, Hämäläinen MS, Wang R, Wald LL, Pascual-Leone A, Wedeen VJ, Raij T. Targeting of white matter tracts with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2014 Jan-Feb; 7(1):80-4. PMID: 24220599; PMCID: PMC3938327.
  144. Brem AK, Atkinson NJ, Seligson EE, Pascual-Leone A. Differential pharmacological effects on brain reactivity and plasticity in Alzheimer's disease. Front Psychiatry. 2013; 4:124. PMID: 24109459; PMCID: PMC3791426.
  145. Farzan F, Wu Y, Manor B, Anastasio EM, Lough M, Novak V, Greenstein PE, Pascual-Leone A. Cerebellar TMS in treatment of a patient with cerebellar ataxia: evidence from clinical, biomechanics and neurophysiological assessments. Cerebellum. 2013 Oct; 12(5):707-12. PMID: 23625327; PMCID: PMC3951770.
  146. Saper CB, Pascual-Leone A, Pomeroy S, Koralnik I, Rutkove S, Samuels M, Saper C, Schlaug G, Schomer DL, Walsh CA, Young A. Message from the incoming editor. Ann Neurol. 2013 Sep; 74(3):A9-A10. PMID: 24115257.
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  147. Vernet M, Bashir S, Yoo WK, Oberman L, Mizrahi I, Ifert-Miller F, Beck CJ, Pascual-Leone A. Reproducibility of the effects of theta burst stimulation on motor cortical plasticity in healthy participants. Clin Neurophysiol. 2014 Feb; 125(2):320-6. PMID: 23932365; PMCID: PMC4169192.
  148. Bashir S, Perez JM, Horvath JC, Pascual-Leone A. Differentiation of motor cortical representation of hand muscles by navigated mapping of optimal TMS current directions in healthy subjects. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Aug; 30(4):390-5. PMID: 23912579; PMCID: PMC3740163.
  149. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Rykman A, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe BT. Preserved corticospinal conduction without voluntary movement after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2013 Oct; 51(10):765-7. PMID: 23896664; PMCID: PMC4514766.
  150. Théoret H, Gleeson J, Pascual-Leone A. Neurophysiologic characterization of motor and sensory projections in Joubert syndrome. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Nov; 124(11):2283-4. PMID: 23906682; PMCID: PMC4159606.
  151. Brem AK, Fried PJ, Horvath JC, Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A. Is neuroenhancement by noninvasive brain stimulation a net zero-sum proposition? Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 3:1058-68. PMID: 23880500; PMCID: PMC4392930.
  152. Davis NJ, Gold E, Pascual-Leone A, Bracewell RM. Challenges of proper placebo control for non-invasive brain stimulation in clinical and experimental applications. Eur J Neurosci. 2013 Oct; 38(7):2973-7. PMID: 23869660.
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  153. Liu A, Pang T, Herman S, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for refractory focal status epilepticus in the intensive care unit. Seizure. 2013 Dec; 22(10):893-6. PMID: 23876929.
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  154. Wagner T, Eden U, Rushmore J, Russo CJ, Dipietro L, Fregni F, Simon S, Rotman S, Pitskel NB, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pascual-Leone A, Grodzinsky AJ, Zahn M, Valero-Cabré A. Impact of brain tissue filtering on neurostimulation fields: a modeling study. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 3:1048-57. PMID: 23850466; PMCID: PMC4063680.
  155. Ortiz T, Poch J, Santos JM, Martínez AM, Ortiz-Terán L, Requena C, Barcia JA, de Erausquin GA, Pascual-Leone A. Occipital cortex activation by long-term repetitive tactile stimulation is necessary for object recognition in blinds: a case report. Neurocase. 2014 Jun; 20(3):273-82. PMID: 23819463.
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  156. Farzan F, Barr MS, Hoppenbrouwers SS, Fitzgerald PB, Chen R, Pascual-Leone A, Daskalakis ZJ. The EEG correlates of the TMS-induced EMG silent period in humans. Neuroimage. 2013 Dec; 83:120-34. PMID: 23800790; PMCID: PMC4211432.
  157. Halko MA, Eldaief MC, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation in the study of the human visual system. J Glaucoma. 2013 Jun-Jul; 22 Suppl 5:S39-41. PMID: 23733126; PMCID: PMC3786182.
  158. Schestatsky P, Simis M, Freeman R, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Non-invasive brain stimulation and the autonomic nervous system. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Sep; 124(9):1716-28. PMID: 23684898.
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  159. Papeo L, Pascual-Leone A, Caramazza A. Disrupting the brain to validate hypotheses on the neurobiology of language. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013; 7:148. PMID: 23630480; PMCID: PMC3633936.
  160. Domenech J, Barrios C, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone Á. Somatosensory cortectomy induces motor cortical hyperexcitability and scoliosis: an experimental study in developing rats. Spine J. 2013 Aug; 13(8):938-46. PMID: 23623636.
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  161. Freitas C, Farzan F, Pascual-Leone A. Assessing brain plasticity across the lifespan with transcranial magnetic stimulation: why, how, and what is the ultimate goal? Front Neurosci. 2013; 7:42. PMID: 23565072; PMCID: PMC3613699.
  162. Meherwan Mehta U, Agarwal SM, Kalmady SV, Shivakumar V, Kumar CN, Venkatasubramanian G, Thirthalli J, Gangadhar BN, Pascual-Leone A, Keshavan MS. Enhancing putative mirror neuron activity with magnetic stimulation: a single-case functional neuroimaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Aug 01; 74(3):e1-2. PMID: 23523341.
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  163. Shafi MM, Brandon Westover M, Oberman L, Cash SS, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of EEG functional connectivity networks in subjects undergoing repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Topogr. 2014 Jan; 27(1):172-91. PMID: 23471637; PMCID: PMC4026010.
  164. Fecteau S, Boggio P, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of untruthful responses with non-invasive brain stimulation. Front Psychiatry. 2012; 3:97. PMID: 23550273; PMCID: PMC3581820.
  165. Kumru H, Benito J, Murillo N, Valls-Sole J, Valles M, Lopez-Blazquez R, Costa U, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A, Vidal J. Effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on motor and gait improvement in incomplete spinal cord injury patients. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013 Jun; 27(5):421-9. PMID: 23322551.
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  166. Kapur N, Cole J, Manly T, Viskontas I, Ninteman A, Hasher L, Pascual-Leone A. Positive clinical neuroscience: explorations in positive neurology. Neuroscientist. 2013 Aug; 19(4):354-69. PMID: 23286954.
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  167. Oberman L, Pascual-Leone A. Changes in plasticity across the lifespan: cause of disease and target for intervention. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:91-120. PMID: 24309252; PMCID: PMC4392917.
  168. Cortes M, Elder J, Rykman A, Murray L, Avedissian M, Stampas A, Thickbroom GW, Pascual-Leone A, Krebs HI, Valls-Sole J, Edwards DJ. Improved motor performance in chronic spinal cord injury following upper-limb robotic training. NeuroRehabilitation. 2013; 33(1):57-65. PMID: 23949034; PMCID: PMC4519228.
  169. Brem AK, Ran K, Pascual-Leone A. Learning and memory. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013; 116:693-737. PMID: 24112934; PMCID: PMC4248571.
  170. Peña-Gomez C, Solé-Padullés C, Clemente IC, Junqué C, Bargalló N, Bosch B, Molinuevo JL, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A, Bartrés-Faz D. APOE status modulates the changes in network connectivity induced by brain stimulation in non-demented elders. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e51833. PMID: 23284783; PMCID: PMC3526481.
  171. Tremblay S, Beaulé V, Proulx S, de Beaumont L, Marjanska M, Doyon J, Pascual-Leone A, Lassonde M, Théoret H. Relationship between transcranial magnetic stimulation measures of intracortical inhibition and spectroscopy measures of GABA and glutamate+glutamine. J Neurophysiol. 2013 Mar; 109(5):1343-9. PMID: 23221412; PMCID: PMC3602833.
  172. Vernet M, Bashir S, Yoo WK, Perez JM, Najib U, Pascual-Leone A. Insights on the neural basis of motor plasticity induced by theta burst stimulation from TMS-EEG. Eur J Neurosci. 2013 Feb; 37(4):598-606. PMID: 23190020; PMCID: PMC4191847.
  173. Fox MD, Liu H, Pascual-Leone A. Identification of reproducible individualized targets for treatment of depression with TMS based on intrinsic connectivity. Neuroimage. 2013 Feb 01; 66:151-60. PMID: 23142067; PMCID: PMC3594474.
  174. Krause V, Bashir S, Pollok B, Caipa A, Schnitzler A, Pascual-Leone A. 1 Hz rTMS of the left posterior parietal cortex (PPC) modifies sensorimotor timing. Neuropsychologia. 2012 Dec; 50(14):3729-35. PMID: 23103789; PMCID: PMC3951774.
  175. Rosset-Llobet J, Pascual-Leone A, Fàbregas-Molas S. Role of female reproductive hormones in musicians' dystonia. Med Probl Perform Art. 2012 Sep; 27(3):156-8. PMID: 22983133.
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  176. Pereira AC, Schomer A, Feng W, Najib U, Yoo WK, Vernet M, Alexander MP, Caplan LR, Pascual-Leone A. Anterior disconnection syndrome revisited using modern technologies. Neurology. 2012 Jul 17; 79(3):290-1. PMID: 22764260; PMCID: PMC3398430.
  177. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Bernabeu M, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation in traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2012 Jul-Aug; 27(4):274-92. PMID: 21691215; PMCID: PMC3342413.
  178. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Pascual-Leone A. Can noninvasive brain stimulation enhance cognition in neuropsychiatric disorders? Neuropharmacology. 2013 Jan; 64:566-78. PMID: 22749945; PMCID: PMC3725288.
  179. Oberman L, Eldaief M, Fecteau S, Ifert-Miller F, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Abnormal modulation of corticospinal excitability in adults with Asperger's syndrome. Eur J Neurosci. 2012 Sep; 36(6):2782-8. PMID: 22738084; PMCID: PMC3524970.
  180. Fox MD, Buckner RL, White MP, Greicius MD, Pascual-Leone A. Efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation targets for depression is related to intrinsic functional connectivity with the subgenual cingulate. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Oct 01; 72(7):595-603. PMID: 22658708; PMCID: PMC4120275.
  181. Vernet M, Walker L, Yoo WK, Pascual-Leone A, Chang BS. EEG onset of a seizure during TMS from a focus independent of the stimulation site. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Oct; 123(10):2106-8. PMID: 22580176; PMCID: PMC3747351.
  182. Plow EB, Pascual-Leone A, Machado A. Brain stimulation in the treatment of chronic neuropathic and non-cancerous pain. J Pain. 2012 May; 13(5):411-24. PMID: 22484179; PMCID: PMC3348447.
  183. Fox MD, Halko MA, Eldaief MC, Pascual-Leone A. Measuring and manipulating brain connectivity with resting state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Neuroimage. 2012 Oct 01; 62(4):2232-43. PMID: 22465297; PMCID: PMC3518426.
  184. Shafi MM, Westover MB, Fox MD, Pascual-Leone A. Exploration and modulation of brain network interactions with noninvasive brain stimulation in combination with neuroimaging. Eur J Neurosci. 2012 Mar; 35(6):805-25. PMID: 22429242; PMCID: PMC3313459.
  185. Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Reply to letter to the editor. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jan; 6(1):95. PMID: 22446037.
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  186. Pereira JB, Junqué C, Bartrés-Faz D, Martí MJ, Sala-Llonch R, Compta Y, Falcón C, Vendrell P, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Tolosa E. Modulation of verbal fluency networks by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in Parkinson's disease. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jan; 6(1):16-24. PMID: 22410476.
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  187. Plow EB, Obretenova SN, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Comparison of visual field training for hemianopia with active versus sham transcranial direct cortical stimulation. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2012 Jul-Aug; 26(6):616-26. PMID: 22291042.
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  188. Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A. Why the assessment of causality in brain-behavior relations requires brain stimulation. J Cogn Neurosci. 2012 Apr; 24(4):775-7. PMID: 22264196.
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  189. Kabakov AY, Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Contribution of axonal orientation to pathway-dependent modulation of excitatory transmission by direct current stimulation in isolated rat hippocampus. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr; 107(7):1881-9. PMID: 22219028; PMCID: PMC3331663.
  190. Bashir S, Vernet M, Yoo WK, Mizrahi I, Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Changes in cortical plasticity after mild traumatic brain injury. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2012; 30(4):277-82. PMID: 22596356; PMCID: PMC3951777.
  191. Truong DQ, Magerowski G, Pascual-Leone A, Alonso-Alonso M, Bikson M. Finite Element study of skin and fat delineation in an obese subject for transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012:6587-90. PMID: 23367439.
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  192. Chang WH, Kim YH, Yoo WK, Goo KH, Park CH, Kim ST, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS with motor training modulates cortico-basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits in stroke patients. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2012; 30(3):179-89. PMID: 22555430; PMCID: PMC3589123.
  193. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Ho M, Treglia E, Kaplan E, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and aphasia rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012 Jan; 93(1 Suppl):S26-34. PMID: 22202188; PMCID: PMC3589757.
  194. Benito J, Kumru H, Murillo N, Costa U, Medina J, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A, Vidal J. Motor and gait improvement in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury induced by high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil. 2012; 18(2):106-12. PMID: 23459246; PMCID: PMC3584757.
  195. Eldaief MC, Halko MA, Buckner RL, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation modulates the brain's intrinsic activity in a frequency-dependent manner. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Dec 27; 108(52):21229-34. PMID: 22160708; PMCID: PMC3248528.
  196. Rosset-Llobet J, Fàbregas-Molas S, Pascual-Leone A. Drummer's lower limb dystonia. J Neurol. 2012 Jun; 259(6):1236-7. PMID: 22160433.
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  197. Bedny M, Pascual-Leone A, Dravida S, Saxe R. A sensitive period for language in the visual cortex: distinct patterns of plasticity in congenitally versus late blind adults. Brain Lang. 2012 Sep; 122(3):162-70. PMID: 22154509; PMCID: PMC3536016.
  198. Hsieh TH, Dhamne SC, Chen JJ, Carpenter LL, Anastasio EM, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Minimal heating of aneurysm clips during repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Jul; 123(7):1471-3. PMID: 22119800; PMCID: PMC3589756.
  199. Peterchev AV, Wagner TA, Miranda PC, Nitsche MA, Paulus W, Lisanby SH, Pascual-Leone A, Bikson M. Fundamentals of transcranial electric and magnetic stimulation dose: definition, selection, and reporting practices. Brain Stimul. 2012 Oct; 5(4):435-53. PMID: 22305345; PMCID: PMC3346863.
  200. Hsieh TH, Dhamne SC, Chen JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. A new measure of cortical inhibition by mechanomyography and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in unanesthetized rats. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Feb; 107(3):966-72. PMID: 22013238; PMCID: PMC3289479.
  201. Obhi SS, Hogeveen J, Pascual-Leone A. Resonating with others: the effects of self-construal type on motor cortical output. J Neurosci. 2011 Oct 12; 31(41):14531-5. PMID: 21994369.
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  202. Ohn SH, Chang WH, Park CH, Kim ST, Lee JI, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. Neural correlates of the antinociceptive effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on central pain after stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2012 May; 26(4):344-52. PMID: 21980153; PMCID: PMC3541021.
  203. Bolognini N, Cecchetto C, Geraci C, Maravita A, Pascual-Leone A, Papagno C. Hearing shapes our perception of time: temporal discrimination of tactile stimuli in deaf people. J Cogn Neurosci. 2012 Feb; 24(2):276-86. PMID: 21916563.
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  204. Peña-Gómez C, Sala-Lonch R, Junqué C, Clemente IC, Vidal D, Bargalló N, Falcón C, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone Á, Bartrés-Faz D. Modulation of large-scale brain networks by transcranial direct current stimulation evidenced by resting-state functional MRI. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):252-63. PMID: 21962981; PMCID: PMC3589751.
  205. Plow EB, Obretenova SN, Halko MA, Kenkel S, Jackson ML, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Combining visual rehabilitative training and noninvasive brain stimulation to enhance visual function in patients with hemianopia: a comparative case study. PM R. 2011 Sep; 3(9):825-35. PMID: 21944300.
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  206. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Freitas C, Pascual-Leone A, Schmahmann JD. Modulatory effects of theta burst stimulation on cerebellar nonsomatic functions. Cerebellum. 2011 Sep; 10(3):495-503. PMID: 21132574; PMCID: PMC3260524.
  207. Giacobbe V, Volpe BT, Thickbroom GW, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Krebs HI, Edwards DJ. Reversal of TMS-induced motor twitch by training is associated with a reduction in excitability of the antagonist muscle. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2011 Aug 24; 8:46. PMID: 21861922; PMCID: PMC3179941.
  208. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Theoret H, Kobayashi M, Fregni F, Nicholas M, Tormos JM, Steven MS, Baker EH, Pascual-Leone A. TMS suppression of right pars triangularis, but not pars opercularis, improves naming in aphasia. Brain Lang. 2011 Dec; 119(3):206-13. PMID: 21864891; PMCID: PMC3195843.
  209. Pascual-Leone A, Taylor MJ. A developmental framework of brain and cognition from infancy to old age. Brain Topogr. 2011 Oct; 24(3-4):183-6. PMID: 21858551.
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  210. Kumru H, Soler D, Vidal J, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Sole J. Evoked potentials and quantitative thermal testing in spinal cord injury patients with chronic neuropathic pain. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Mar; 123(3):598-604. PMID: 21852190.
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  211. Pascual-Leone A, Freitas C, Oberman L, Horvath JC, Halko M, Eldaief M, Bashir S, Vernet M, Shafi M, Westover B, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Rotenberg A. Characterizing brain cortical plasticity and network dynamics across the age-span in health and disease with TMS-EEG and TMS-fMRI. Brain Topogr. 2011 Oct; 24(3-4):302-15. PMID: 21842407; PMCID: PMC3374641.
  212. Ortiz T, Poch J, Santos JM, Requena C, Martínez AM, Ortiz-Terán L, Turrero A, Barcia J, Nogales R, Calvo A, Martínez JM, Córdoba JL, Pascual-Leone A. Recruitment of occipital cortex during sensory substitution training linked to subjective experience of seeing in people with blindness. PLoS One. 2011; 6(8):e23264. PMID: 21853098; PMCID: PMC3154329.
  213. Cattaneo Z, Fantino M, Tinti C, Pascual-Leone A, Silvanto J, Vecchi T. Spatial biases in peripersonal space in sighted and blind individuals revealed by a haptic line bisection paradigm. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2011 Aug; 37(4):1110-21. PMID: 21517214.
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  214. Peña-Gómez C, Vidal-Piñeiro D, Clemente IC, Pascual-Leone Á, Bartrés-Faz D. Down-regulation of negative emotional processing by transcranial direct current stimulation: effects of personality characteristics. PLoS One. 2011; 6(7):e22812. PMID: 21829522; PMCID: PMC3146508.
  215. Barcia JA, Sanz A, González-Hidalgo M, de Las Heras C, Alonso-Lera P, Díaz P, Pascual-Leone A, Oliviero A, Ortiz T. rTMS stimulation to induce plastic changes at the language motor area in a patient with a left recidivant brain tumor affecting Broca's area. Neurocase. 2012; 18(2):132-8. PMID: 21780986.
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  216. Freitas C, Pearlman C, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of auditory verbal hallucinations with transcranial magnetic stimulation in a patient with psychotic major depression: one-year follow-up. Neurocase. 2012 Feb; 18(1):57-65. PMID: 21614723; PMCID: PMC3589800.
  217. Fecteau S, Agosta S, Oberman L, Pascual-Leone A. Brain stimulation over Broca's area differentially modulates naming skills in neurotypical adults and individuals with Asperger's syndrome. Eur J Neurosci. 2011 Jul; 34(1):158-64. PMID: 21676037.
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  218. Joseph RJ, Alonso-Alonso M, Bond DS, Pascual-Leone A, Blackburn GL. The neurocognitive connection between physical activity and eating behaviour. Obes Rev. 2011 Oct; 12(10):800-12. PMID: 21676151; PMCID: PMC3535467.
  219. Dimitrova A, Fronczek R, Van der Ploeg J, Scammell T, Gautam S, Pascual-Leone A, Lammers GJ. Reward-seeking behavior in human narcolepsy. J Clin Sleep Med. 2011 Jun 15; 7(3):293-300. PMID: 21677900; PMCID: PMC3113969.
  220. Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Safety and tolerability of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with pathologic positive sensory phenomena: a review of literature. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):320-9.e27. PMID: 22322098; PMCID: PMC3656498.
  221. Alonso-Alonso M, Chang B, Press DZ, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Commentary on Kratz et Al "seizure in a nonpredisposed individual induced by single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation". J ECT. 2011 Jun; 27(2):176-7. PMID: 21602643.
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  222. Tadini L, El-Nazer R, Brunoni AR, Williams J, Carvas M, Boggio P, Priori A, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Cognitive, mood, and electroencephalographic effects of noninvasive cortical stimulation with weak electrical currents. J ECT. 2011 Jun; 27(2):134-40. PMID: 20938352.
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  223. Alonso-Alonso M, Ziemke F, Magkos F, Barrios FA, Brinkoetter M, Boyd I, Rifkin-Graboi A, Yannakoulia M, Rojas R, Pascual-Leone A, Mantzoros CS. Brain responses to food images during the early and late follicular phase of the menstrual cycle in healthy young women: relation to fasting and feeding. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Aug; 94(2):377-84. PMID: 21593494; PMCID: PMC3142717.
  224. McClintock SM, Freitas C, Oberman L, Lisanby SH, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a neuroscientific probe of cortical function in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Jul 01; 70(1):19-27. PMID: 21571254; PMCID: PMC3270326.
  225. Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Valls-Sole J, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ. Spinal associative stimulation: a non-invasive stimulation paradigm to modulate spinal excitability. Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Nov; 122(11):2254-9. PMID: 21524606; PMCID: PMC3538079.
  226. Freitas C, Mondragón-Llorca H, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation in Alzheimer's disease: systematic review and perspectives for the future. Exp Gerontol. 2011 Aug; 46(8):611-27. PMID: 21511025; PMCID: PMC3589803.
  227. Cramer SC, Sur M, Dobkin BH, O'Brien C, Sanger TD, Trojanowski JQ, Rumsey JM, Hicks R, Cameron J, Chen D, Chen WG, Cohen LG, deCharms C, Duffy CJ, Eden GF, Fetz EE, Filart R, Freund M, Grant SJ, Haber S, Kalivas PW, Kolb B, Kramer AF, Lynch M, Mayberg HS, McQuillen PS, Nitkin R, Pascual-Leone A, Reuter-Lorenz P, Schiff N, Sharma A, Shekim L, Stryker M, Sullivan EV, Vinogradov S. Harnessing neuroplasticity for clinical applications. Brain. 2011 Jun; 134(Pt 6):1591-609. PMID: 21482550; PMCID: PMC3102236.
  228. Freitas C, Perez J, Knobel M, Tormos JM, Oberman L, Eldaief M, Bashir S, Vernet M, Peña-Gómez C, Pascual-Leone A. Changes in cortical plasticity across the lifespan. Front Aging Neurosci. 2011; 3:5. PMID: 21519394; PMCID: PMC3079175.
  229. Najib U, Bashir S, Edwards D, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial brain stimulation: clinical applications and future directions. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2011 Apr; 22(2):233-51, ix. PMID: 21435574; PMCID: PMC3547606.
  230. Brunoni AR, Nitsche MA, Bolognini N, Bikson M, Wagner T, Merabet L, Edwards DJ, Valero-Cabre A, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, Ferrucci R, Priori A, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): challenges and future directions. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):175-95. PMID: 22037126; PMCID: PMC3270156.
  231. Park CH, Chang WH, Ohn SH, Kim ST, Bang OY, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. Longitudinal changes of resting-state functional connectivity during motor recovery after stroke. Stroke. 2011 May; 42(5):1357-62. PMID: 21441147; PMCID: PMC3589816.
  232. Lepage JF, Beaulé V, Srour M, Rouleau G, Pascual-Leone A, Lassonde M, Théoret H. Neurophysiological investigation of congenital mirror movements in a patient with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Brain Stimul. 2012 Apr; 5(2):137-40. PMID: 22037131.
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  233. Bedny M, Pascual-Leone A, Dodell-Feder D, Fedorenko E, Saxe R. Language processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 15; 108(11):4429-34. PMID: 21368161; PMCID: PMC3060248.
  234. Yoo SS, Bystritsky A, Lee JH, Zhang Y, Fischer K, Min BK, McDannold NJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jolesz FA. Focused ultrasound modulates region-specific brain activity. Neuroimage. 2011 Jun 01; 56(3):1267-75. PMID: 21354315; PMCID: PMC3342684.
  235. Oberman L, Edwards D, Eldaief M, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation: a systematic review of the literature. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb; 28(1):67-74. PMID: 21221011; PMCID: PMC3260517.
  236. Tadin D, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. Improved motion perception and impaired spatial suppression following disruption of cortical area MT/V5. J Neurosci. 2011 Jan 26; 31(4):1279-83. PMID: 21273412; PMCID: PMC3078722.
  237. Rossi S, Hallett M, Rossini PM, Pascual-Leone A. Screening questionnaire before TMS: an update. Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Aug; 122(8):1686. PMID: 21227747.
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  238. Bae EH, Theodore WH, Fregni F, Cantello R, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. An estimate of placebo effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Feb; 20(2):355-9. PMID: 21216200.
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  239. Stamoulis C, Oberman LM, Praeg E, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Single pulse TMS-induced modulations of resting brain neurodynamics encoded in EEG phase. Brain Topogr. 2011 Jun; 24(2):105-13. PMID: 21203817; PMCID: PMC3522078.
  240. Najib U, Horvath JC, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A. State-dependency effects on TMS: a look at motive phosphene behavior. J Vis Exp. 2010 Dec 28; (46). PMID: 21248686; PMCID: PMC3329797.
  241. Oberman LM, Horvath JC, Pascual-Leone A. TMS: using the theta-burst protocol to explore mechanism of plasticity in individuals with Fragile X syndrome and autism. J Vis Exp. 2010 Dec 28; (46). PMID: 21248685.
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  242. Halko MA, Eldaief MC, Horvath JC, Pascual-Leone A. Combining transcranial magnetic stimulation and FMRI to examine the default mode network. J Vis Exp. 2010 Dec 28; (46). PMID: 21248684.
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  243. Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Measures of cortical inhibition by paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in anesthetized rats. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb; 105(2):615-24. PMID: 21160011; PMCID: PMC3059167.
  244. Bashir S, Mizrahi I, Weaver K, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Assessment and modulation of neural plasticity in rehabilitation with transcranial magnetic stimulation. PM R. 2010 Dec; 2(12 Suppl 2):S253-68. PMID: 21172687; PMCID: PMC3951769.
  245. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Freitas C, Cromer JR, Safar L, Ongur D, Stone WS, Seidman LJ, Schmahmann JD, Pascual-Leone A. Safety and proof of principle study of cerebellar vermal theta burst stimulation in refractory schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2010 Dec; 124(1-3):91-100. PMID: 20817483; PMCID: PMC3268232.
  246. Horvath JC, Perez JM, Forrow L, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a historical evaluation and future prognosis of therapeutically relevant ethical concerns. J Med Ethics. 2011 Mar; 37(3):137-43. PMID: 21106996.
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  247. Bashir S, Edwards D, Pascual-Leone A. Neuronavigation increases the physiologic and behavioral effects of low-frequency rTMS of primary motor cortex in healthy subjects. Brain Topogr. 2011 Mar; 24(1):54-64. PMID: 21076861; PMCID: PMC3589808.
  248. Horvath JC, Mathews J, Demitrack MA, Pascual-Leone A. The NeuroStar TMS device: conducting the FDA approved protocol for treatment of depression. J Vis Exp. 2010 Nov 12; (45). PMID: 21189465; PMCID: PMC3159591.
  249. Bedny M, Konkle T, Pelphrey K, Saxe R, Pascual-Leone A. Sensitive period for a multimodal response in human visual motion area MT/MST. Curr Biol. 2010 Nov 09; 20(21):1900-6. PMID: 20970337; PMCID: PMC2998392.
  250. Fregni F, Potvin K, Dasilva D, Wang X, Lenkinski RE, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A. Clinical effects and brain metabolic correlates in non-invasive cortical neuromodulation for visceral pain. Eur J Pain. 2011 Jan; 15(1):53-60. PMID: 20822942; PMCID: PMC3000866.
  251. Pascual-Leone A. The importance of recognizing paradoxes (Commentary on Madhavan et al.). Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Sep; 32(6):1030-1. PMID: 20865821.
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  252. Fecteau S, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Camprodon JA, Pascual-Leone A. Neuromodulation of decision-making in the addictive brain. Subst Use Misuse. 2010 Sep; 45(11):1766-86. PMID: 20590399; PMCID: PMC3589811.
  253. Boggio PS, Zaghi S, Villani AB, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Modulation of risk-taking in marijuana users by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Dec 01; 112(3):220-5. PMID: 20729009.
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  254. Soler MD, Kumru H, Pelayo R, Vidal J, Tormos JM, Fregni F, Navarro X, Pascual-Leone A. Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation and visual illusion on neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury. Brain. 2010 Sep; 133(9):2565-77. PMID: 20685806; PMCID: PMC2929331.
  255. Oberman L, Ifert-Miller F, Najib U, Bashir S, Woollacott I, Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Picker J, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation provides means to assess cortical plasticity and excitability in humans with fragile x syndrome and autism spectrum disorder. Front Synaptic Neurosci. 2010; 2:26. PMID: 21423512.
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  256. Fecteau S, Tormos JM, Gangitano M, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of cortical motor outputs by the symbolic meaning of visual stimuli. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Jul; 32(1):172-7. PMID: 20561046; PMCID: PMC2909477.
  257. Cohen DA, Freitas C, Tormos JM, Oberman L, Eldaief M, Pascual-Leone A. Enhancing plasticity through repeated rTMS sessions: the benefits of a night of sleep. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Dec; 121(12):2159-64. PMID: 20541968; PMCID: PMC2993057.
  258. Camprodon JA, Zohary E, Brodbeck V, Pascual-Leone A. Two phases of V1 activity for visual recognition of natural images. J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Jun; 22(6):1262-9. PMID: 19413482; PMCID: PMC3369215.
  259. Soler MD, Kumru H, Vidal J, Pelayo R, Tormos JM, Fregni F, Navarro X, Pascual-Leone A. Referred sensations and neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury. Pain. 2010 Jul; 150(1):192-8. PMID: 20471171; PMCID: PMC3540745.
  260. Kaplan E, Naeser MA, Martin PI, Ho M, Wang Y, Baker E, Pascual-Leone A. Horizontal portion of arcuate fasciculus fibers track to pars opercularis, not pars triangularis, in right and left hemispheres: a DTI study. Neuroimage. 2010 Aug 15; 52(2):436-44. PMID: 20438853; PMCID: PMC2909757.
  261. Cattaneo Z, Fantino M, Silvanto J, Tinti C, Pascual-Leone A, Vecchi T. Symmetry perception in the blind. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2010 Jul; 134(3):398-402. PMID: 20444438.
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  262. Bolognini N, Senna I, Maravita A, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Auditory enhancement of visual phosphene perception: the effect of temporal and spatial factors and of stimulus intensity. Neurosci Lett. 2010 Jun 25; 477(3):109-14. PMID: 20430065; PMCID: PMC3538364.
  263. Elkin-Frankston S, Fried PJ, Pascual-Leone A, Rushmore RJ, Valero-Cabr A. A novel approach for documenting phosphenes induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Vis Exp. 2010 Apr 01; (38). PMID: 20360672; PMCID: PMC3164072.
  264. Young L, Camprodon JA, Hauser M, Pascual-Leone A, Saxe R. Disruption of the right temporoparietal junction with transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces the role of beliefs in moral judgments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Apr 13; 107(15):6753-8. PMID: 20351278; PMCID: PMC2872442.
  265. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Lundgren K, Klein R, Kaplan J, Treglia E, Ho M, Nicholas M, Alonso M, Pascual-Leone A. Improved language in a chronic nonfluent aphasia patient after treatment with CPAP and TMS. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2010 Mar; 23(1):29-38. PMID: 20299861; PMCID: PMC2939495.
  266. Williams JA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Interhemispheric modulation induced by cortical stimulation and motor training. Phys Ther. 2010 Mar; 90(3):398-410. PMID: 20110339.
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  267. Boggio PS, Campanhã C, Valasek CA, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Modulation of decision-making in a gambling task in older adults with transcranial direct current stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Feb; 31(3):593-7. PMID: 20105234.
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  268. Kumru H, Murillo N, Samso JV, Valls-Sole J, Edwards D, Pelayo R, Valero-Cabre A, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Reduction of spasticity with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2010 Jun; 24(5):435-41. PMID: 20053952; PMCID: PMC3366152.
  269. Obretenova S, Halko MA, Plow EB, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Neuroplasticity associated with tactile language communication in a deaf-blind subject. Front Hum Neurosci. 2010; 3:60. PMID: 20130756; PMCID: PMC2805429.
  270. Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Integrating TMS with EEG: How and what for? Brain Topogr. 2010 Jan; 22(4):215-8. PMID: 20043238.
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  271. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Treglia E, Ho M, Kaplan E, Bashir S, Hamilton R, Coslett HB, Pascual-Leone A. Research with rTMS in the treatment of aphasia. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2010; 28(4):511-29. PMID: 20714075; PMCID: PMC3682778.
  272. Sánchez J, Sáenz M, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet L. Navigation for the Blind through Audio-Based Virtual Environments. Ext Abstr Hum Factors Computing Syst. 2010; 2010:3409-3414. PMID: 25505795.
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  273. Sánchez J, Sáenz M, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet L. Enhancing Navigation Skills through Audio Gaming. Ext Abstr Hum Factors Computing Syst. 2010; 2010:3991-3996. PMID: 25505796.
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  274. Boggio PS, Rocha M, Oliveira MO, Fecteau S, Cohen RB, Campanhã C, Ferreira-Santos E, Meleiro A, Corchs F, Zaghi S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Noninvasive brain stimulation with high-frequency and low-intensity repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 2010 Aug; 71(8):992-9. PMID: 20051219; PMCID: PMC3260527.
  275. Doménech J, Tormos JM, Barrios C, Pascual-Leone A. Motor cortical hyperexcitability in idiopathic scoliosis: could focal dystonia be a subclinical etiological factor? Eur Spine J. 2010 Feb; 19(2):223-30. PMID: 20033462; PMCID: PMC2899814.
  276. Carey JR, Anderson DC, Gillick BT, Whitford M, Pascual-Leone A. 6-Hz primed low-frequency rTMS to contralesional M1 in two cases with middle cerebral artery stroke. Neurosci Lett. 2010 Jan 29; 469(3):338-42. PMID: 20026185; PMCID: PMC2815205.
  277. Bernabeu M, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Opisso E, Lopez R, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Abnormal corticospinal excitability in traumatic diffuse axonal brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2009 Dec; 26(12):2185-93. PMID: 19604100; PMCID: PMC2824228.
  278. Merabet LB, Pascual-Leone A. Neural reorganization following sensory loss: the opportunity of change. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2010 Jan; 11(1):44-52. PMID: 19935836; PMCID: PMC3898172.
  279. Rotenberg A, Muller PA, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Navarro X, López-Vales R, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen F. Lateralization of forelimb motor evoked potentials by transcranial magnetic stimulation in rats. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Jan; 121(1):104-8. PMID: 19900839; PMCID: PMC2818443.
  280. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Ho M, Treglia E, Kaplan E, Baker EH, Pascual-Leone A. Research with transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of aphasia. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2009 Nov; 9(6):451-8. PMID: 19818232; PMCID: PMC2887285.
  281. Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. A review of combined TMS-EEG studies to characterize lasting effects of repetitive TMS and assess their usefulness in cognitive and clinical neuroscience. Brain Topogr. 2010 Jan; 22(4):219-32. PMID: 19862614; PMCID: PMC3260526.
  282. Rossi S, Hallett M, Rossini PM, Pascual-Leone A. Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research. Clin Neurophysiol. 2009 Dec; 120(12):2008-39. PMID: 19833552; PMCID: PMC3260536.
  283. Battelli L, Alvarez GA, Carlson T, Pascual-Leone A. The role of the parietal lobe in visual extinction studied with transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Oct; 21(10):1946-55. PMID: 18855545; PMCID: PMC3366148.
  284. Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A. Report of seizure induced by continuous theta burst stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2009 Oct; 2(4):246-7. PMID: 20160904.
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  285. Boggio PS, Amancio EJ, Correa CF, Cecilio S, Valasek C, Bajwa Z, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ, Fregni F. Transcranial DC stimulation coupled with TENS for the treatment of chronic pain: a preliminary study. Clin J Pain. 2009 Oct; 25(8):691-5. PMID: 19920718.
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  286. Cattaneo Z, Vecchi T, Pascual-Leone A, Silvanto J. Contrasting early visual cortical activation states causally involved in visual imagery and short-term memory. Eur J Neurosci. 2009 Oct; 30(7):1393-400. PMID: 19788574.
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  287. Rotenberg A, Bae EH, Muller PA, Riviello JJ, Bourgeois BF, Blum AS, Pascual-Leone A. In-session seizures during low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Oct; 16(2):353-5. PMID: 19747883; PMCID: PMC3366147.
  288. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Ho M, Doron KW, Kurland J, Kaplan J, Wang Y, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Alonso M, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Overt naming fMRI pre- and post-TMS: Two nonfluent aphasia patients, with and without improved naming post-TMS. Brain Lang. 2009 Oct; 111(1):20-35. PMID: 19695692; PMCID: PMC2803355.
  289. Cohen DA, Kurowski K, Steven MS, Blumstein SE, Pascual-Leone A. Paradoxical facilitation: the resolution of foreign accent syndrome after cerebellar stroke. Neurology. 2009 Aug 18; 73(7):566-7. PMID: 19687458; PMCID: PMC2730796.
  290. Rosset-Llobet J, Garcia-Elias M, Montero J, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A. Linburg's syndrome, can it cause focal dystonia? Mov Disord. 2009 Aug 15; 24(11):1704-6. PMID: 19514067.
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  291. Cattaneo Z, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The middle range of the number line orients attention to the left side of visual space. Cogn Neuropsychol. 2009 May; 26(3):235-46. PMID: 19449241; PMCID: PMC3366155.
  292. Cattaneo Z, Silvanto J, Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A. The mental number line modulates visual cortical excitability. Neurosci Lett. 2009 Oct 25; 462(3):253-6. PMID: 19616067.
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  293. Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with titanium skull plates. Clin Neurophysiol. 2009 Jul; 120(7):1417. PMID: 19560399.
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  294. Bedny M, Pascual-Leone A, Saxe RR. Growing up blind does not change the neural bases of Theory of Mind. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jul 07; 106(27):11312-7. PMID: 19553210; PMCID: PMC2708685.
  295. Plow EB, Maguire S, Obretenova S, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Approaches to rehabilitation for visual field defects following brain lesions. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2009 May; 6(3):291-305. PMID: 19419286.
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  296. Plow EB, Carey JR, Nudo RJ, Pascual-Leone A. Invasive cortical stimulation to promote recovery of function after stroke: a critical appraisal. Stroke. 2009 May; 40(5):1926-31. PMID: 19359643; PMCID: PMC3232009.
  297. Nitsche MA, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of depression with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): a review. Exp Neurol. 2009 Sep; 219(1):14-9. PMID: 19348793.
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  298. Rosset-Llobet J, Candia V, Fàbregas i Molas S, Dolors Rosinés i Cubells D, Pascual-Leone A. The challenge of diagnosing focal hand dystonia in musicians. Eur J Neurol. 2009 Jul; 16(7):864-9. PMID: 19473363; PMCID: PMC3366153.
  299. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Valasek C, Ellwood S, Chi R, Gallate J, Pascual-Leone A, Snyder A. Temporal lobe cortical electrical stimulation during the encoding and retrieval phase reduces false memories. PLoS One. 2009; 4(3):e4959. PMID: 19319182; PMCID: PMC2655647.
  300. Bolognini N, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Using non-invasive brain stimulation to augment motor training-induced plasticity. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2009 Mar 17; 6:8. PMID: 19292910; PMCID: PMC2667408.
  301. Siebner HR, Bergmann TO, Bestmann S, Massimini M, Johansen-Berg H, Mochizuki H, Bohning DE, Boorman ED, Groppa S, Miniussi C, Pascual-Leone A, Huber R, Taylor PC, Ilmoniemi RJ, De Gennaro L, Strafella AP, Kähkönen S, Klöppel S, Frisoni GB, George MS, Hallett M, Brandt SA, Rushworth MF, Ziemann U, Rothwell JC, Ward N, Cohen LG, Baudewig J, Paus T, Ugawa Y, Rossini PM. Consensus paper: combining transcranial stimulation with neuroimaging. Brain Stimul. 2009 Apr; 2(2):58-80. PMID: 20633405.
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  302. Boggio PS, Coutinho de Macedo E, Pascual-Leone A, Tormos Muñoz JM, Schwartzman JS, Fregni F. Neuromodulation in hypoxic-ischemic injury. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jul; 2(3):179-81. PMID: 20633417.
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  303. Kobayashi M, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Suppression of ipsilateral motor cortex facilitates motor skill learning. Eur J Neurosci. 2009 Feb; 29(4):833-6. PMID: 19200062; PMCID: PMC2771229.
  304. Romei V, Thut G, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pascual-Leone A. M1 contributes to the intrinsic but not the extrinsic components of motor-skills. Cortex. 2009 Oct; 45(9):1058-64. PMID: 19243742.
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  305. Merabet LB, Battelli L, Obretenova S, Maguire S, Meijer P, Pascual-Leone A. Functional recruitment of visual cortex for sound encoded object identification in the blind. Neuroreport. 2009 Jan 28; 20(2):132-8. PMID: 19104453; PMCID: PMC3951767.
  306. Freitas C, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Meta-analysis of the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on negative and positive symptoms in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2009 Mar; 108(1-3):11-24. PMID: 19138833; PMCID: PMC2748189.
  307. Edwards DJ, Krebs HI, Rykman A, Zipse J, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe BT. Raised corticomotor excitability of M1 forearm area following anodal tDCS is sustained during robotic wrist therapy in chronic stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2009; 27(3):199-207. PMID: 19531875; PMCID: PMC4510929.
  308. Stamoulis C, Praeg E, Chang BS, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Estimation of brain state changes associated with behavior, stimulation and epilepsy. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009; 2009:4719-22. PMID: 19964837; PMCID: PMC2796057.
  309. Williams JA, Colton K, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Alexander MP. Feasibility of a home constraint-induced movement therapy for hand weakness after stroke. J Rehabil Med. 2009 Jan; 41(1):92-3. PMID: 19197578.
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  310. Rotenberg A, Muller P, Birnbaum D, Harrington M, Riviello JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE. Seizure suppression by EEG-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the rat. Clin Neurophysiol. 2008 Dec; 119(12):2697-702. PMID: 18977170; PMCID: PMC2668608.
  311. Rotenberg A, Bae EH, Takeoka M, Tormos JM, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of epilepsia partialis continua. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Jan; 14(1):253-7. PMID: 18832045; PMCID: PMC4523141.
  312. Bedny M, Caramazza A, Grossman E, Pascual-Leone A, Saxe R. Concepts are more than percepts: the case of action verbs. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 29; 28(44):11347-53. PMID: 18971476; PMCID: PMC2752357.
  313. Yozbatiran N, Alonso-Alonso M, See J, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Luu D, Motiwala RR, Pascual-Leone A, Cramer SC. Safety and behavioral effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in stroke. Stroke. 2009 Jan; 40(1):309-12. PMID: 18845801; PMCID: PMC3366156.
  314. Hummel FC, Celnik P, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F, Byblow WD, Buetefisch CM, Rothwell J, Cohen LG, Gerloff C. Controversy: Noninvasive and invasive cortical stimulation show efficacy in treating stroke patients. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):370-82. PMID: 20633395.
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  315. Reis J, Robertson EM, Krakauer JW, Rothwell J, Marshall L, Gerloff C, Wassermann EM, Pascual-Leone A, Hummel F, Celnik PA, Classen J, Floel A, Ziemann U, Paulus W, Siebner HR, Born J, Cohen LG. Consensus: Can transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation enhance motor learning and memory formation? Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):363-9. PMID: 20633394.
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  316. Miniussi C, Cappa SF, Cohen LG, Floel A, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Oliveri M, Pascual-Leone A, Paulus W, Priori A, Walsh V. Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation/transcranial direct current stimulation in cognitive neurorehabilitation. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):326-36. PMID: 20633391.
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  317. Reis J, Robertson E, Krakauer JW, Rothwell J, Marshall L, Gerloff C, Wassermann E, Pascual-Leone A, Hummel F, Celnik PA, Classen J, Floel A, Ziemann U, Paulus W, Siebner HR, Born J, Cohen LG. Consensus: "Can tDCS and TMS enhance motor learning and memory formation?" Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):363-369. PMID: 19802336.
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  318. Cattaneo Z, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The role of the angular gyrus in the modulation of visuospatial attention by the mental number line. Neuroimage. 2009 Jan 15; 44(2):563-8. PMID: 18848630; PMCID: PMC2614466.
  319. Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A. State-dependency of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Topogr. 2008 Sep; 21(1):1-10. PMID: 18791818; PMCID: PMC3049188.
  320. Bajwa S, Bermpohl F, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Impaired interhemispheric interactions in patients with major depression. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 Sep; 196(9):671-7. PMID: 18791428.
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  321. Battelli L, Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A, Cavanagh P. The 'when' parietal pathway explored by lesion studies. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2008 Apr; 18(2):120-6. PMID: 18708141.
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  322. Merabet LB, Hamilton R, Schlaug G, Swisher JD, Kiriakopoulos ET, Pitskel NB, Kauffman T, Pascual-Leone A. Rapid and reversible recruitment of early visual cortex for touch. PLoS One. 2008 Aug 27; 3(8):e3046. PMID: 18728773; PMCID: PMC2516172.
  323. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Wrase J, Schlagenhauf F, Bauer M, Heinz A, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Novelty seeking modulates medial prefrontal activity during the anticipation of emotional stimuli. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Oct 30; 164(1):81-5. PMID: 18703319.
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  324. VanRullen R, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The continuous Wagon wheel illusion and the 'when' pathway of the right parietal lobe: a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation study. PLoS One. 2008 Aug 06; 3(8):e2911. PMID: 18682842; PMCID: PMC2483421.
  325. Amedi A, Merabet LB, Camprodon J, Bermpohl F, Fox S, Ronen I, Kim DS, Pascual-Leone A. Neural and behavioral correlates of drawing in an early blind painter: a case study. Brain Res. 2008 Nov 25; 1242:252-62. PMID: 18710656; PMCID: PMC4518845.
  326. Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. Psychopathy and the mirror neuron system: preliminary findings from a non-psychiatric sample. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Aug 15; 160(2):137-44. PMID: 18599127.
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  327. Ziemann U, Paulus W, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Byblow WD, Berardelli A, Siebner HR, Classen J, Cohen LG, Rothwell JC. Consensus: Motor cortex plasticity protocols. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):164-82. PMID: 20633383.
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  328. Nitsche MA, Cohen LG, Wassermann EM, Priori A, Lang N, Antal A, Paulus W, Hummel F, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation: State of the art 2008. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):206-23. PMID: 20633386.
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  329. Langguth B, de Ridder D, Dornhoffer JL, Eichhammer P, Folmer RL, Frank E, Fregni F, Gerloff C, Khedr E, Kleinjung T, Landgrebe M, Lee S, Lefaucheur JP, Londero A, Marcondes R, Moller AR, Pascual-Leone A, Plewnia C, Rossi S, Sanchez T, Sand P, Schlee W, Pysch D, Steffens T, van de Heyning P, Hajak G. Controversy: Does repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation/ transcranial direct current stimulation show efficacy in treating tinnitus patients? Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):192-205. PMID: 20633385.
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  330. Paulus W, Classen J, Cohen LG, Large CH, Di Lazzaro V, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A, Rosenow F, Rothwell JC, Ziemann U. State of the art: Pharmacologic effects on cortical excitability measures tested by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):151-63. PMID: 20633382.
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  331. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Mechanic-Hamilton D, Press DZ, Pearlman C, Stern WM, Thall M, Pascual-Leone A. An open-label, prospective study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the long-term treatment of refractory depression: reproducibility and duration of the antidepressant effect in medication-free patients. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Jun; 69(6):930-4. PMID: 18505308.
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  332. Cappelletti M, Fregni F, Shapiro K, Pascual-Leone A, Caramazza A. Processing nouns and verbs in the left frontal cortex: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. J Cogn Neurosci. 2008 Apr; 20(4):707-20. PMID: 18052789.
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  333. Wu AD, Fregni F, Simon DK, Deblieck C, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease and dystonia. Neurotherapeutics. 2008 Apr; 5(2):345-61. PMID: 18394576; PMCID: PMC3270324.
  334. Silvanto J, Cattaneo Z, Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A. Baseline cortical excitability determines whether TMS disrupts or facilitates behavior. J Neurophysiol. 2008 May; 99(5):2725-30. PMID: 18337360; PMCID: PMC3533239.
  335. Romei V, De Gennaro L, Fratello F, Curcio G, Ferrara M, Pascual-Leone A, Bertini M. Interhemispheric transfer deficit in alexithymia: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Psychother Psychosom. 2008; 77(3):175-81. PMID: 18332615.
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  336. Rotenberg A, Depositario-Cabacar D, Bae EH, Harini C, Pascual-Leone A, Takeoka M. Transient suppression of seizures by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a case of Rasmussen's encephalitis. Epilepsy Behav. 2008 Jul; 13(1):260-2. PMID: 18304879; PMCID: PMC3370666.
  337. Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A, Rushmore RJ. Cumulative sessions of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) build up facilitation to subsequent TMS-mediated behavioural disruptions. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Feb; 27(3):765-74. PMID: 18279329.
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  338. Wagner T, Eden U, Fregni F, Valero-Cabre A, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pronio-Stelluto V, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and brain atrophy: a computer-based human brain model study. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Apr; 186(4):539-50. PMID: 18193208; PMCID: PMC3374637.
  339. Pascual-Leone A, Merabet L. Studies of crossmodal functions with TMS. Wassermann EM, Epstein CM, Ziemann U, Walsh V, Paus T, Lisanby SH (eds.) The Oxford Hanbook of Transcranial Stimulation. 2008; 447-462.
  340. Pascual-Leone A, Tormos-Muñoz JM. [Transcranial magnetic stimulation: the foundation and potential of modulating specific neuronal networks]. Rev Neurol. 2008; 46 Suppl 1:S3-10. PMID: 18302119.
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  341. Gangitano M, Mottaghy FM, Pascual-Leone A. Release of premotor activity after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of prefrontal cortex. Soc Neurosci. 2008; 3(3-4):289-302. PMID: 18979382.
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  342. Fregni F, Liguori P, Fecteau S, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. Cortical stimulation of the prefrontal cortex with transcranial direct current stimulation reduces cue-provoked smoking craving: a randomized, sham-controlled study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Jan; 69(1):32-40. PMID: 18312035.
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  343. Knoch D, Nitsche MA, Fischbacher U, Eisenegger C, Pascual-Leone A, Fehr E. Studying the neurobiology of social interaction with transcranial direct current stimulation--the example of punishing unfairness. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Sep; 18(9):1987-90. PMID: 18158325.
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  344. Fregni F, Orsati F, Pedrosa W, Fecteau S, Tome FA, Nitsche MA, Mecca T, Macedo EC, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. Transcranial direct current stimulation of the prefrontal cortex modulates the desire for specific foods. Appetite. 2008 Jul; 51(1):34-41. PMID: 18243412; PMCID: PMC3541023.
  345. Romei V, Brodbeck V, Michel C, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A, Thut G. Spontaneous fluctuations in posterior alpha-band EEG activity reflect variability in excitability of human visual areas. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Sep; 18(9):2010-8. PMID: 18093905; PMCID: PMC2517102.
  346. Frye RE, Rotenberg A, Ousley M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in child neurology: current and future directions. J Child Neurol. 2008 Jan; 23(1):79-96. PMID: 18056688; PMCID: PMC2539109.
  347. Pascual-Leone A, Greenberg LS. Emotional processing in experiential therapy: why "the only way out is through.". J Consult Clin Psychol. 2007 Dec; 75(6):875-87. PMID: 18085905.
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  348. A. Pascual-Leone, A. Rotenberg and I. Glass. “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Methods and Apparatus”. 2007.
  349. Rigonatti SP, Boggio PS, Myczkowski ML, Otta E, Fiquer JT, Ribeiro RB, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Transcranial direct stimulation and fluoxetine for the treatment of depression. Eur Psychiatry. 2008 Jan; 23(1):74-6. PMID: 18023968.
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  350. Fecteau S, Knoch D, Fregni F, Sultani N, Boggio P, Pascual-Leone A. Diminishing risk-taking behavior by modulating activity in the prefrontal cortex: a direct current stimulation study. J Neurosci. 2007 Nov 14; 27(46):12500-5. PMID: 18003828.
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  351. Alonso-Alonso M, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Brain stimulation in poststroke rehabilitation. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2007; 24 Suppl 1:157-66. PMID: 17971652.
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  352. Pitskel NB, Merabet LB, Ramos-Estebanez C, Kauffman T, Pascual-Leone A. Time-dependent changes in cortical excitability after prolonged visual deprivation. Neuroreport. 2007 Oct 29; 18(16):1703-7. PMID: 17921872.
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  353. Silva G, Miksad R, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Jain S, Gomes DL, Amancio EJ, Boggio PS, Correa CF, Fregni F. Treatment of cancer pain with noninvasive brain stimulation. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2007 Oct; 34(4):342-5. PMID: 17903664; PMCID: PMC2763264.
  354. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Freedman SD. Pain in chronic pancreatitis: a salutogenic mechanism or a maladaptive brain response? Pancreatology. 2007; 7(5-6):411-22. PMID: 17898531; PMCID: PMC2826873.
  355. Rotenberg A, Harrington MG, Birnbaum DS, Madsen JR, Glass IE, Jensen FE, Pascual-Leone A. Minimal heating of titanium skull plates during 1Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2007 Nov; 118(11):2536-8. PMID: 17890148.
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  356. Carey JR, Evans CD, Anderson DC, Bhatt E, Nagpal A, Kimberley TJ, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of 6-Hz primed low-frequency rTMS in stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2008 Mar-Apr; 22(2):185-92. PMID: 17876070.
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  357. Gross M, Nakamura L, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Has repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment for depression improved? A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the recent vs. the earlier rTMS studies. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Sep; 116(3):165-73. PMID: 17655557.
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  358. Boggio PS, Sultani N, Fecteau S, Merabet L, Mecca T, Pascual-Leone A, Basaglia A, Fregni F. Prefrontal cortex modulation using transcranial DC stimulation reduces alcohol craving: a double-blind, sham-controlled study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 Jan 01; 92(1-3):55-60. PMID: 17640830.
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  359. Valle AC, Dionisio K, Pitskel NB, Pascual-Leone A, Orsati F, Ferreira MJ, Boggio PS, Lima MC, Rigonatti SP, Fregni F. Low and high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of spasticity. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2007 Jul; 49(7):534-8. PMID: 17593127.
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  360. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Technology insight: noninvasive brain stimulation in neurology-perspectives on the therapeutic potential of rTMS and tDCS. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2007 Jul; 3(7):383-93. PMID: 17611487.
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  361. Boggio PS, Rigonatti SP, Ribeiro RB, Myczkowski ML, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. A randomized, double-blind clinical trial on the efficacy of cortical direct current stimulation for the treatment of major depression. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2008 Mar; 11(2):249-54. PMID: 17559710; PMCID: PMC3372849.
  362. Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Zald DH, Liguori P, Théoret H, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Activation of prefrontal cortex by transcranial direct current stimulation reduces appetite for risk during ambiguous decision making. J Neurosci. 2007 Jun 06; 27(23):6212-8. PMID: 17553993.
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  363. Amedi A, Stern WM, Camprodon JA, Bermpohl F, Merabet L, Rotman S, Hemond C, Meijer P, Pascual-Leone A. Shape conveyed by visual-to-auditory sensory substitution activates the lateral occipital complex. Nat Neurosci. 2007 Jun; 10(6):687-9. PMID: 17515898.
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  364. Bae EH, Schrader LM, Machii K, Alonso-Alonso M, Riviello JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Safety and tolerability of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy: a review of the literature. Epilepsy Behav. 2007 Jun; 10(4):521-8. PMID: 17493877.
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  365. Canli T, Brandon S, Casebeer W, Crowley PJ, Du Rousseau D, Greely HT, Pascual-Leone A. Neuroethics and national security. Am J Bioeth. 2007 May; 7(5):3-13. PMID: 17497494.
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  366. Alonso-Alonso M, Pascual-Leone A. The right brain hypothesis for obesity. JAMA. 2007 Apr 25; 297(16):1819-22. PMID: 17456824.
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  367. Ramos-Estebanez C, Merabet LB, Machii K, Fregni F, Thut G, Wagner TA, Romei V, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A. Visual phosphene perception modulated by subthreshold crossmodal sensory stimulation. J Neurosci. 2007 Apr 11; 27(15):4178-81. PMID: 17428995.
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  368. A. Pascual-Leone. “System and Methods for Applying Signals, Including Contralesional Signals, to Neural Populations”. 2007.
  369. Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A, Cavanagh P. The 'when' pathway of the right parietal lobe. Trends Cogn Sci. 2007 May; 11(5):204-10. PMID: 17379569; PMCID: PMC3613278.
  370. A. Pascual-Leone and T. Wagner. “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Methods and Apparatus”. 2007.
  371. Merabet LB, Rizzo JF, Pascual-Leone A, Fernandez E. 'Who is the ideal candidate?': decisions and issues relating to visual neuroprosthesis development, patient testing and neuroplasticity. J Neural Eng. 2007 Mar; 4(1):S130-5. PMID: 17325411.
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  372. Wagner T, Fregni F, Fecteau S, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation: a computer-based human model study. Neuroimage. 2007 Apr 15; 35(3):1113-24. PMID: 17337213.
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  373. Fregni F, Freedman S, Pascual-Leone A. Recent advances in the treatment of chronic pain with non-invasive brain stimulation techniques. Lancet Neurol. 2007 Feb; 6(2):188-91. PMID: 17239806.
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  374. Rosset-Llobet J, Candia V, Fàbregas S, Ray W, Pascual-Leone A. Secondary motor disturbances in 101 patients with musician's dystonia. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007 Sep; 78(9):949-53. PMID: 17237142; PMCID: PMC2117870.
  375. Cappelletti M, Barth H, Fregni F, Spelke ES, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS over the intraparietal sulcus disrupts numerosity processing. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Jun; 179(4):631-42. PMID: 17216413.
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  376. Stern WM, Tormos JM, Press DZ, Pearlman C, Pascual-Leone A. Antidepressant effects of high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007; 19(2):179-86. PMID: 17431065.
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  377. Boggio PS, Nunes A, Rigonatti SP, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Repeated sessions of noninvasive brain DC stimulation is associated with motor function improvement in stroke patients. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2007; 25(2):123-9. PMID: 17726271.
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  378. Merabet LB, Pitskel NB, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A. The plastic human brain in the blind: the cause of disability and the opportunity for rehabilitation. Rieser, J. J., Ashmead, D. H., Ebner, F. F., & Corn, A. L. (Eds.). Blindness and brain plasticity in navigation and object perception. 2007.
  379. Wagner T, Valero-Cabre A, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive human brain stimulation. Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2007; 9:527-65. PMID: 17444810.
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  380. Sergent Jones L; REPLY: Knoch D, Pascual-Leone A, Fehr E. The ethics of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Science. 2007; (315):1663-1664.
  381. Edwards DJ, Mastaglia FL, Byrnes ML, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Thickbroom GW. Supraspinal inputs reduce corticomotor excitability during passive movement: evidence from a pure sensory stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2007; 25(5-6):527-33. PMID: 18334770.
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  382. Fregni F, Gimenes R, Valle AC, Ferreira MJ, Rocha RR, Natalle L, Bravo R, Rigonatti SP, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. A randomized, sham-controlled, proof of principle study of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Dec; 54(12):3988-98. PMID: 17133529.
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  383. Merabet LB, Swisher JD, McMains SA, Halko MA, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A, Somers DC. Combined activation and deactivation of visual cortex during tactile sensory processing. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Feb; 97(2):1633-41. PMID: 17135476.
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  384. Richardson AG, Overduin SA, Valero-Cabré A, Padoa-Schioppa C, Pascual-Leone A, Bizzi E, Press DZ. Disruption of primary motor cortex before learning impairs memory of movement dynamics. J Neurosci. 2006 Nov 29; 26(48):12466-70. PMID: 17135408.
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  385. Fregni F, Liebetanz D, Monte-Silva KK, Oliveira MB, Santos AA, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Guedes RC. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation coupled with repetitive electrical stimulation on cortical spreading depression. Exp Neurol. 2007 Mar; 204(1):462-6. PMID: 17113079.
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  386. Boggio PS, Alonso-Alonso M, Mansur CG, Rigonatti SP, Schlaug G, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Hand function improvement with low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in a severe case of stroke. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Nov; 85(11):927-30. PMID: 17079967.
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  387. Nair DG, Hutchinson S, Fregni F, Alexander M, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Imaging correlates of motor recovery from cerebral infarction and their physiological significance in well-recovered patients. Neuroimage. 2007 Jan 01; 34(1):253-63. PMID: 17070707; PMCID: PMC2577311.
  388. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Bermpohl F, Maia F, Rigonatti SP, Barbosa ER, Pascual-Leone A. Immediate placebo effect in Parkinson's disease--is the subjective relief accompanied by objective improvement? Eur Neurol. 2006; 56(4):222-9. PMID: 17057382.
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  389. Knoch D, Pascual-Leone A, Meyer K, Treyer V, Fehr E. Diminishing reciprocal fairness by disrupting the right prefrontal cortex. Science. 2006 Nov 03; 314(5800):829-32. PMID: 17023614.
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  390. Fregni F, Otachi PT, Do Valle A, Boggio PS, Thut G, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. A randomized clinical trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with refractory epilepsy. Ann Neurol. 2006 Oct; 60(4):447-55. PMID: 17068786.
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  391. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Santos MC, Lima M, Vieira AL, Rigonatti SP, Silva MT, Barbosa ER, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive cortical stimulation with transcranial direct current stimulation in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2006 Oct; 21(10):1693-702. PMID: 16817194.
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  392. Valero-Cabré A, Payne BR, Pascual-Leone A. Opposite impact on 14C-2-deoxyglucose brain metabolism following patterns of high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the posterior parietal cortex. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Feb; 176(4):603-15. PMID: 16972076.
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  393. Thut G, Nietzel A, Brandt SA, Pascual-Leone A. Alpha-band electroencephalographic activity over occipital cortex indexes visuospatial attention bias and predicts visual target detection. J Neurosci. 2006 Sep 13; 26(37):9494-502. PMID: 16971533.
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  394. Camprodon JA, Martínez-Raga J, Alonso-Alonso M, Shih MC, Pascual-Leone A. One session of high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the right prefrontal cortex transiently reduces cocaine craving. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Jan 05; 86(1):91-4. PMID: 16971058.
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  395. Fregni F, Marcondes R, Boggio PS, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Sanchez TG, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Transient tinnitus suppression induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation. Eur J Neurol. 2006 Sep; 13(9):996-1001. PMID: 16930367.
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  396. Rosa MA, Gattaz WF, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F, Rosa MO, Rumi DO, Myczkowski M, Silva MF, Mansur C, Rigonatti SP, Jacobsen Teixeira M, Marcolin MA. Comparison of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy in unipolar non-psychotic refractory depression: a randomized, single-blind study. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Dec; 9(6):667-76. PMID: 16923322.
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  397. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Gaab N, Alsop D, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Attentional modulation of emotional stimulus processing: an fMRI study using emotional expectancy. Hum Brain Mapp. 2006 Aug; 27(8):662-77. PMID: 16317710.
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  398. Boggio PS, Ferrucci R, Rigonatti SP, Covre P, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on working memory in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Sci. 2006 Nov 01; 249(1):31-8. PMID: 16843494.
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  399. Pastor MA, Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of steady-state auditory evoked potentials by cerebellar rTMS. Exp Brain Res. 2006 Nov; 175(4):702-9. PMID: 16826412.
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  400. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Valle AC, Rocha RR, Duarte J, Ferreira MJ, Wagner T, Fecteau S, Rigonatti SP, Riberto M, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A. A sham-controlled trial of a 5-day course of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Stroke. 2006 Aug; 37(8):2115-22. PMID: 16809569.
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  401. Ives JR, Rotenberg A, Poma R, Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Electroencephalographic recording during transcranial magnetic stimulation in humans and animals. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Aug; 117(8):1870-5. PMID: 16793336.
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  402. Knoch D, Gianotti LR, Pascual-Leone A, Treyer V, Regard M, Hohmann M, Brugger P. Disruption of right prefrontal cortex by low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation induces risk-taking behavior. J Neurosci. 2006 Jun 14; 26(24):6469-72. PMID: 16775134.
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  403. Fregni F, Ono CR, Santos CM, Bermpohl F, Buchpiguel C, Barbosa ER, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. Effects of antidepressant treatment with rTMS and fluoxetine on brain perfusion in PD. Neurology. 2006 Jun 13; 66(11):1629-37. PMID: 16769932.
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  404. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Valle AC, Otachi P, Thut G, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fiore L, Valente K. Homeostatic effects of plasma valproate levels on corticospinal excitability changes induced by 1Hz rTMS in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Jun; 117(6):1217-27. PMID: 16644277.
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  405. Patrizi F, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Novel therapeutic approaches to the treatment of chronic abdominal visceral pain. ScientificWorldJournal. 2006 Apr 18; 6:472-90. PMID: 16633700.
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  406. Marcondes R, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Tinnitus and brain activation: insights from transcranial magnetic stimulation. Ear Nose Throat J. 2006 Apr; 85(4):233-4, 236-8. PMID: 16696357.
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  407. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche MA, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of major depression with transcranial direct current stimulation. Bipolar Disord. 2006 Apr; 8(2):203-4. PMID: 16542193.
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  408. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Lima MC, Ferreira MJ, Wagner T, Rigonatti SP, Castro AW, Souza DR, Riberto M, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. A sham-controlled, phase II trial of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of central pain in traumatic spinal cord injury. Pain. 2006 May; 122(1-2):197-209. PMID: 16564618.
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  409. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Hand motor recovery after stroke: tuning the orchestra to improve hand motor function. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2006 Mar; 19(1):21-33. PMID: 16633016.
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  410. Wagner T, Fregni F, Eden U, Ramos-Estebanez C, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and stroke: a computer-based human model study. Neuroimage. 2006 Apr 15; 30(3):857-70. PMID: 16473528.
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  411. Fregni F, Thome-Souza S, Nitsche MA, Freedman SD, Valente KD, Pascual-Leone A. A controlled clinical trial of cathodal DC polarization in patients with refractory epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2006 Feb; 47(2):335-42. PMID: 16499758.
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  412. Machii K, Cohen D, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of rTMS to non-motor cortical areas in healthy participants and patients. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Feb; 117(2):455-71. PMID: 16387549.
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  413. Pascual-Leone A. Dysartria in Parkinson’s disease. Journal Watch – NEJM. 2006.
  414. Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. Paradoxical facilitation of attention in healthy humans. Behav Neurol. 2006; 17(3-4):159-62. PMID: 17148835.
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  415. Carey JR, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS combined with motor learning training in healthy subjects. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2006; 24(3):191-9. PMID: 16873974.
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  416. Pascual-Leone A. Disrupting the brain to guide plasticity and improve behavior. Prog Brain Res. 2006; 157:315-329. PMID: 17167918.
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  417. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche MA, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A. Cognitive effects of repeated sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with depression. Depress Anxiety. 2006; 23(8):482-4. PMID: 16845648.
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  418. Steven MS, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and the Human Brain: An Ethical Evaluation. In, Illes J (ed) 21st: Century Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Research, Practice and Policy. 2006.
  419. Pascual-Leone A. Disrupting the brain to guide plasticity and improve behavior. In, Moller A.R. (ed) Reprogramming the Brain. Progress in Brain Research 157. 2006; 316-329.
  420. Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Cortical plasticity: the effects of sensory deprivation. In, Rosen G (ed) The dyslexic brain: neuroscientific insights for reading theory and intervention. 2006.
  421. Walsh V, Desmond JE, Pascual-Leone A. Manipulating brains. Behav Neurol. 2006; 17(3-4):131-4. PMID: 17148832.
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  422. Bermpohl F, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Thut G, Northoff G, Otachi PT, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. Effect of low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation on an affective go/no-go task in patients with major depression: role of stimulation site and depression severity. Psychiatry Res. 2006 Jan 30; 141(1):1-13. PMID: 16352348.
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  423. Amedi A, Malach R, Pascual-Leone A. Negative BOLD differentiates visual imagery and perception. Neuron. 2005 Dec 08; 48(5):859-72. PMID: 16337922.
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  424. Cohen DA, Pascual-Leone A, Press DZ, Robertson EM. Off-line learning of motor skill memory: a double dissociation of goal and movement. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 13; 102(50):18237-41. PMID: 16330773; PMCID: PMC1312380.
  425. Fregni F, DaSilva D, Potvin K, Ramos-Estebanez C, Cohen D, Pascual-Leone A, Freedman SD. Treatment of chronic visceral pain with brain stimulation. Ann Neurol. 2005 Dec; 58(6):971-2. PMID: 16315281.
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  426. Candia V, Rosset-Llobet J, Elbert T, Pascual-Leone A. Changing the brain through therapy for musicians' hand dystonia. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Dec; 1060:335-42. PMID: 16597783.
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  427. Fregni F, Simon DK, Wu A, Pascual-Leone A. Non-invasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2005 Dec; 76(12):1614-23. PMID: 16291882; PMCID: PMC1739437.
  428. Fregni F, Marcolin MA, Myczkowski M, Amiaz R, Hasey G, Rumi DO, Rosa M, Rigonatti SP, Camprodon J, Walpoth M, Heaslip J, Grunhaus L, Hausmann A, Pascual-Leone A. Predictors of antidepressant response in clinical trials of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Dec; 9(6):641-54. PMID: 16939662.
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  429. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Gaab N, Alsop D, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Dissociable networks for the expectancy and perception of emotional stimuli in the human brain. Neuroimage. 2006 Apr 01; 30(2):588-600. PMID: 16275018.
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  430. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2005 Nov; 30(6):434; author reply 434-5. PMID: 16327880; PMCID: PMC1277028.
  431. Grossman ED, Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive TMS over posterior STS disrupts perception of biological motion. Vision Res. 2005 Oct; 45(22):2847-53. PMID: 16039692.
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  432. Fregni F, O'Connor M, Pascual-Leone A. ECT and rTMS for depression. Br J Psychiatry. 2005 Oct; 187:386; author reply 386-7. PMID: 16237836.
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  433. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression in neurologic disorders. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2005 Oct; 7(5):381-90. PMID: 16216159.
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  434. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Mansur CG, Wagner T, Ferreira MJ, Lima MC, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Neuroreport. 2005 Sep 28; 16(14):1551-5. PMID: 16148743.
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  435. Fregni F, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for epilepsy: can it also improve depression and vice versa? Epilepsy Behav. 2005 Sep; 7(2):182-9. PMID: 16054872.
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  436. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Bermpohl F, Mansur CG, Rosa M, Rumi DO, Barbosa ER, Odebrecht Rosa M, Pascual-Leone A, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Araujo Silva MT. Effect of repetitive TMS and fluoxetine on cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease and concurrent depression. Mov Disord. 2005 Sep; 20(9):1178-84. PMID: 15895421.
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  437. Press DZ, Casement MD, Pascual-Leone A, Robertson EM. The time course of off-line motor sequence learning. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Sep; 25(1):375-8. PMID: 15990282.
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  438. Heinzel A, Bermpohl F, Niese R, Pfennig A, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G, Northoff G. How do we modulate our emotions? Parametric fMRI reveals cortical midline structures as regions specifically involved in the processing of emotional valences. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Sep; 25(1):348-58. PMID: 16081255.
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  439. Robertson EM, Press DZ, Pascual-Leone A. Off-line learning and the primary motor cortex. J Neurosci. 2005 Jul 06; 25(27):6372-8. PMID: 16000627.
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  440. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche M, Bermpohl F, Antal A, Feredoes E, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Silva MT, Paulus W, Pascual-Leone A. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of prefrontal cortex enhances working memory. Exp Brain Res. 2005 Sep; 166(1):23-30. PMID: 15999258.
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  441. Fregni F, Thome-Souza S, Bermpohl F, Marcolin MA, Herzog A, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. Antiepileptic effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with cortical malformations: an EEG and clinical study. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2005; 83(2-3):57-62. PMID: 15990468.
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  442. Ramos-Estebanez C, Machii K and Pascual-Leone A. TMS. CNSforum. 2005.
  443. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Seekins H, Helm-Estabrooks N, Cayer-Meade C, Kobayashi M, Theoret H, Fregni F, Tormos JM, Kurland J, Doron KW, Pascual-Leone A. Improved naming after TMS treatments in a chronic, global aphasia patient--case report. Neurocase. 2005 Jun; 11(3):182-93. PMID: 16006338; PMCID: PMC1307171.
  444. Mansur CG, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Riberto M, Gallucci-Neto J, Santos CM, Wagner T, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. A sham stimulation-controlled trial of rTMS of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Neurology. 2005 May 24; 64(10):1802-4. PMID: 15911819.
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  445. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation. Br J Psychiatry. 2005 May; 186:446-7. PMID: 15863752.
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  446. Sack AT, Camprodon JA, Pascual-Leone A, Goebel R. The dynamics of interhemispheric compensatory processes in mental imagery. Science. 2005 Apr 29; 308(5722):702-4. PMID: 15860630.
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  447. Bermpohl F, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Thut G, Northoff G, Otachi PT, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. Left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation impairs performance in affective go/no-go task. Neuroreport. 2005 Apr 25; 16(6):615-9. PMID: 15812319.
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  448. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Seekins H, Kobayashi M, Theoret H, Fregni F, Maria-Tormos J, Kurland J, Doron KW, Pascual-Leone A. Improved picture naming in chronic aphasia after TMS to part of right Broca's area: an open-protocol study. Brain Lang. 2005 Apr; 93(1):95-105. PMID: 15766771.
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  449. Fregni F, Monte-Silva KK, Oliveira MB, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Guedes RC. Lasting accelerative effects of 1 Hz and 20 Hz electrical stimulation on cortical spreading depression: relevance for clinical applications of brain stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Apr; 21(8):2278-84. PMID: 15869525.
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  450. Fierro B, Brighina F, Vitello G, Piazza A, Scalia S, Giglia G, Daniele O, Pascual-Leone A. Modulatory effects of low- and high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on visual cortex of healthy subjects undergoing light deprivation. J Physiol. 2005 Jun 01; 565(Pt 2):659-65. PMID: 15760946; PMCID: PMC1464536.
  451. Kahn I, Pascual-Leone A, Theoret H, Fregni F, Clark D, Wagner AD. Transient disruption of ventrolateral prefrontal cortex during verbal encoding affects subsequent memory performance. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Jul; 94(1):688-98. PMID: 15758048.
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  452. Thut G, Ives JR, Kampmann F, Pastor MA, Pascual-Leone A. A new device and protocol for combining TMS and online recordings of EEG and evoked potentials. J Neurosci Methods. 2005 Feb 15; 141(2):207-17. PMID: 15661302.
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  453. Théoret H, Halligan E, Kobayashi M, Fregni F, Tager-Flusberg H, Pascual-Leone A. Impaired motor facilitation during action observation in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Curr Biol. 2005 Feb 08; 15(3):R84-5. PMID: 15694294.
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  454. Valero-Cabré A, Payne BR, Rushmore J, Lomber SG, Pascual-Leone A. Impact of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the parietal cortex on metabolic brain activity: a 14C-2DG tracing study in the cat. Exp Brain Res. 2005 May; 163(1):1-12. PMID: 15688174.
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  455. Blanke O, Mohr C, Michel CM, Pascual-Leone A, Brugger P, Seeck M, Landis T, Thut G. Linking out-of-body experience and self processing to mental own-body imagery at the temporoparietal junction. J Neurosci. 2005 Jan 19; 25(3):550-7. PMID: 15659590.
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  456. Fregni F, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment of Epilepsy: Can it also Improve Depression and Vice-versa?. Epilepsy Research. 2005; 2(7):182-189.
  457. Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Fregni F, Merabet LB. The plastic human brain cortex. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2005; 28:377-401. PMID: 16022601.
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  458. Amedi A, Merabet LB, Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A. The Occipital Cortex in the Blind Lessons About Plasticity and Vision. Curr Dir Psychol Sciences. 2005; 6(14):306-311.
  459. Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and Migraine. Journal Watch – NEJM. 2005; 3(7):23-24.
  460. Merabet LB, Rizzo JF, Amedi A, Somers DC, Pascual-Leone A. What blindness can tell us about seeing again: merging neuroplasticity and neuroprostheses. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2005 Jan; 6(1):71-7. PMID: 15611728.
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  461. Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A. Impact of TMS on the primary motor cortex and associated spinal systems. IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag. 2005 Jan-Feb; 24(1):29-35. PMID: 15709533.
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  462. Martín MA, Serradas P, Ramos S, Fernández E, Goya L, Gangnerau MN, Lacorne M, Pascual-Leone AM, Escrivá F, Portha B, Alvarez C. Protein-caloric food restriction affects insulin-like growth factor system in fetal Wistar rat. Endocrinology. 2005 Mar; 146(3):1364-71. PMID: 15576465.
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  463. Gangitano M, Mottaghy FM, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of premotor mirror neuron activity during observation of unpredictable grasping movements. Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Oct; 20(8):2193-202. PMID: 15450099.
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  464. Tremblay C, Robert M, Pascual-Leone A, Lepore F, Nguyen DK, Carmant L, Bouthillier A, Théoret H. Action observation and execution: intracranial recordings in a human subject. Neurology. 2004 Sep 14; 63(5):937-8. PMID: 15365160.
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  465. Wagner TA, Zahn M, Grodzinsky AJ, Pascual-Leone A. Three-dimensional head model simulation of transcranial magnetic stimulation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2004 Sep; 51(9):1586-98. PMID: 15376507.
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  466. Thut G, Nietzel A, Pascual-Leone A. Dorsal posterior parietal rTMS affects voluntary orienting of visuospatial attention. Cereb Cortex. 2005 May; 15(5):628-38. PMID: 15342434.
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  467. Fregni F, Santos CM, Myczkowski ML, Rigolino R, Gallucci-Neto J, Barbosa ER, Valente KD, Pascual-Leone A, Marcolin MA. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is as effective as fluoxetine in the treatment of depression in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Aug; 75(8):1171-4. PMID: 15258224; PMCID: PMC1739189.
  468. Bernabeu M, Orient F, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Seizure induced by fast repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2004 Jul; 115(7):1714-5. PMID: 15203073.
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  469. Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A, Miall RC. Current concepts in procedural consolidation. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2004 Jul; 5(7):576-82. PMID: 15208699.
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  470. Hausmann A, Pascual-Leone A, Kemmler G, Rupp CI, Lechner-Schoner T, Kramer-Reinstadler K, Walpoth M, Mechtcheriakov S, Conca A, Weiss EM. No deterioration of cognitive performance in an aggressive unilateral and bilateral antidepressant rTMS add-on trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2004 Jun; 65(6):772-82. PMID: 15291654.
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  471. Théoret H, Kobayashi M, Merabet L, Wagner T, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of right motor cortex excitability without awareness following presentation of masked self-images. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2004 Jun; 20(1):54-7. PMID: 15130589.
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  472. Merabet LB, Maguire D, Warde A, Alterescu K, Stickgold R, Pascual-Leone A. Visual hallucinations during prolonged blindfolding in sighted subjects. J Neuroophthalmol. 2004 Jun; 24(2):109-13. PMID: 15179062.
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  473. Schiffer F, Mottaghy FM, Pandey Vimal RL, Renshaw PF, Cowan R, Pascual-Leone A, Teicher M, Valente E, Rohan M. Lateral visual field stimulation reveals extrastriate cortical activation in the contralateral hemisphere: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Res. 2004 May 30; 131(1):1-9. PMID: 15246450.
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  474. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Theoret H, Tormos JM, Nicholas M, Kurland J, Fregni F, Seekins H, Doron K, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation as a complementary treatment for aphasia. Semin Speech Lang. 2004 May; 25(2):181-91. PMID: 15118944.
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  475. Hamilton RH, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Absolute pitch in blind musicians. Neuroreport. 2004 Apr 09; 15(5):803-6. PMID: 15073518.
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  476. Merabet L, Thut G, Murray B, Andrews J, Hsiao S, Pascual-Leone A. Feeling by sight or seeing by touch? Neuron. 2004 Apr 08; 42(1):173-9. PMID: 15066274.
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  477. Oliveri M, Finocchiaro C, Shapiro K, Gangitano M, Caramazza A, Pascual-Leone A. All talk and no action: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study of motor cortex activation during action word production. J Cogn Neurosci. 2004 Apr; 16(3):374-81. PMID: 15072673.
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  478. Northoff G, Heinzel A, Bermpohl F, Niese R, Pfennig A, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction. Hum Brain Mapp. 2004 Mar; 21(3):202-12. PMID: 14755839.
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  479. Fregni F, Merabet L, Pascual-Leone A, Marcolin MA. Modulation in motor threshold after a severe episode of gastrointestinal distress. J ECT. 2004 Mar; 20(1):50-1. PMID: 15087999.
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  480. Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A, Press DZ. Awareness modifies the skill-learning benefits of sleep. Curr Biol. 2004 Feb 03; 14(3):208-12. PMID: 14761652.
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  481. Théoret H, Halligan E, Kobayashi M, Merabet L, Pascual-Leone A. Unconscious modulation of motor cortex excitability revealed with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 2004 Mar; 155(2):261-4. PMID: 14745468.
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  482. Kobayashi M, Hutchinson S, Théoret H, Schlaug G, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive TMS of the motor cortex improves ipsilateral sequential simple finger movements. Neurology. 2004 Jan 13; 62(1):91-8. PMID: 14718704.
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  483. Wagner T, Gangitano M, Romero R, Théoret H, Kobayashi M, Anschel D, Ives J, Cuffin N, Schomer D, Pascual-Leone A. Intracranial measurement of current densities induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation in the human brain. Neurosci Lett. 2004 Jan 09; 354(2):91-4. PMID: 14698446.
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  484. Merabet L, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A. Activation of the Visual Cortex by Braille Reading in Blind Subjects. In, Lomber S and Eggermont JJ (ed) Reprogramming Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions. 2004.
  485. Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitve transcranial magnetic stimulation. In, Lueders H. (Ed.): Deep Brain Stimulation and Epilepsy. 2004.
  486. Théoret H, Merabet L, Pascual-Leone A. Behavioral and neuroplastic changes in the blind: evidence for functionally relevant cross-modal interactions. J Physiol Paris. 2004 Jan-Jun; 98(1-3):221-33. PMID: 15477034.
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  487. Martín MA, Fernández E, Pascual-Leone AM, Escrivá F, Alvarez C. Protein calorie restriction has opposite effects on glucose metabolism and insulin gene expression in fetal and adult rat endocrine pancreas. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Apr; 286(4):E542-50. PMID: 14665443.
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  488. Kobayashi M, Hutchinson S, Schlaug G, Pascual-Leone A. Ipsilateral motor cortex activation on functional magnetic resonance imaging during unilateral hand movements is related to interhemispheric interactions. Neuroimage. 2003 Dec; 20(4):2259-70. PMID: 14683727.
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  489. Anschel DJ, Pascual-Leone A, Holmes GL. Anti-kindling effect of slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in rats. Neurosci Lett. 2003 Nov 06; 351(1):9-12. PMID: 14550901.
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  490. Thut G, Northoff G, Ives JR, Kamitani Y, Pfennig A, Kampmann F, Schomer DL, Pascual-Leone A. Effects of single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on functional brain activity: a combined event-related TMS and evoked potential study. Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 114(11):2071-80. PMID: 14580605.
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  491. Robertson EM, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Studies in cognition: the problems solved and created by transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Cogn Neurosci. 2003 Oct 01; 15(7):948-60. PMID: 14614806.
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  492. Merabet LB, Kobayashi M, Barton J, Pascual-Leone A. Suppression of complex visual hallucinatory experiences by occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation: a case report. Neurocase. 2003 Oct; 9(5):436-40. PMID: 14972758.
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  493. Cahn SD, Herzog AG, Pascual-Leone A. Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation: effects of hemispheric laterality, gender, and handedness in normal controls. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Sep-Oct; 20(5):371-4. PMID: 14701998.
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  494. Pascual-Leone AM, Ramos S, Goya L, Alvarez C, Escrivá F, Obregón MJ. Age-dependent adaptation of the liver thyroid status and recovery of serum levels and hepatic insulin-like growth factor-I expression in neonatal and adult diabetic rats. Metabolism. 2003 Sep; 52(9):1117-25. PMID: 14506616.
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  495. Belmaker B, Fitzgerald P, George MS, Lisanby SH, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaepfer TE, Wassermann E. Managing the risks of repetitive transcranial stimulation. CNS Spectr. 2003 Jul; 8(7):489. PMID: 12894029.
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  496. Maeda F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: studying motor neurophysiology of psychiatric disorders. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2003 Aug; 168(4):359-76. PMID: 12830365.
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  497. Mottaghy FM, Gangitano M, Horkan C, Chen Y, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Repetitive TMS temporarily alters brain diffusion. Neurology. 2003 May 13; 60(9):1539-41. PMID: 12743250.
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  498. Merabet LB, Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation as an investigative tool in the study of visual function. Optom Vis Sci. 2003 May; 80(5):356-68. PMID: 12771661.
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  499. Payne BR, Lomber SG, Rushmore RJ, Pascual-Leone A. Cancellation of visuoparietal lesion-induced spatial neglect. Exp Brain Res. 2003 Jun; 150(3):395-8. PMID: 12698319.
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  500. Liederman J, McGraw Fisher J, Schulz M, Maxwell C, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. The role of motion direction selective extrastriate regions in reading: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Brain Lang. 2003 Apr; 85(1):140-55. PMID: 12681353.
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  501. Mottaghy FM, Gangitano M, Krause BJ, Pascual-Leone A. Chronometry of parietal and prefrontal activations in verbal working memory revealed by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroimage. 2003 Mar; 18(3):565-75. PMID: 12667834.
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  502. Kobayashi M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in neurology. Lancet Neurol. 2003 Mar; 2(3):145-56. PMID: 12849236.
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  503. Thut G, Théoret H, Pfennig A, Ives J, Kampmann F, Northoff G, Pascual-Leone A. Differential effects of low-frequency rTMS at the occipital pole on visual-induced alpha desynchronization and visual-evoked potentials. Neuroimage. 2003 Feb; 18(2):334-47. PMID: 12595187.
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  504. Mottaghy FM, Pascual-Leone A, Kemna LJ, Töpper R, Herzog H, Müller-Gärtner HW, Krause BJ. Modulation of a brain-behavior relationship in verbal working memory by rTMS. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2003 Feb; 15(3):241-9. PMID: 12527098.
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  505. Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A. Prefrontal cortex: procedural sequence learning and awareness. Curr Biol. 2003 Jan 21; 13(2):R65-7. PMID: 12546808.
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  506. Kobayashi M, Ng J, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of intracortical neuronal circuits in human hand motor area by digit stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 2003 Mar; 149(1):1-8. PMID: 12592498.
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  507. Galaburda AM, Pascual-Leone A. Plasticity and behavior. In, Feinberg T and Farah M. (Ed.): Behavioral Neurology, 2nd Ed. 2003.
  508. Pascual-Leone A . La TMS pour experimenter sur le cerveau sans danger. Le Bulletin, Fondation Ipsen. 2003; (18):2-3.
  509. Pascual-Leone A., Walsh V. Transcranial magnetic stimulation studies of asymmetry of cognitive functions in the brain. In, Hugdahl K. and Davidson R.J. (Eds): The Asymmetrical Brain. 2003.
  510. Pascual-Leone A, Walsh V. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. In, Mazziotta J, Toga A. (Ed.): Brain Mapping: The Methods. 2003.
  511. Robertson E, Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Skill Learning. In, Boniface S and Ziemann U (Eds.) Plasticity in the Human Nervous System. Investigations with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. 2003.
  512. Pascual-Leone A, Theoret H, Merabet L. Tactile processing in the visual cortex. In, Ballesteros S and Heller M (Eds.) Touch, Blindnesss and Neuroscience. 2003.
  513. Théoret H, Kobayashi M, Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A. Exploring paradoxical functional facilitation with TMS. Suppl Clin Neurophysiol. 2003; 56:211-9. PMID: 14677397.
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  514. Pascual-Leone A. The Brain that Plays Music and is Changed by It. In, Peretz I and Zatorre R (ed) The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music. 2003.
  515. Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A. Neurochronometrics of Mind: Transcranial magnetic stimulation in Cognitive Science. 2003.
  516. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to treat Parkinson Disease. Journal Watch – NEJM. 2003; 10(5):73-74.
  517. Pascual-Leone A, Merabet L, Theoret H. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Probing Human Brain Function non-invasively. In, Adelman G and Smith B (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (3rd edition). 2003.
  518. Pascual-Leone A. Plasticity. In, Aminoff M and Daroff R (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Neurological Sciences. 2003.
  519. Hutchinson S, Kobayashi M, Horkan CM, Pascual-Leone A, Alexander MP, Schlaug G. Age-related differences in movement representation. Neuroimage. 2002 Dec; 17(4):1720-8. PMID: 12498746.
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  520. Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Language acquisition: do as you hear. Curr Biol. 2002 Oct 29; 12(21):R736-7. PMID: 12419204.
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  521. Fernandez E, Alfaro A, Tormos JM, Climent R, Martínez M, Vilanova H, Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A. Mapping of the human visual cortex using image-guided transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Res Brain Res Protoc. 2002 Oct; 10(2):115-24. PMID: 12431711.
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  522. Obhi SS, Haggard P, Taylor J, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS to the supplementary motor area disrupts bimanual coordination. Motor Control. 2002 Oct; 6(4):319-32. PMID: 12429888.
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  523. Mottaghy FM, Keller CE, Gangitano M, Ly J, Thall M, Parker JA, Pascual-Leone A. Correlation of cerebral blood flow and treatment effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in depressed patients. Psychiatry Res. 2002 Aug 20; 115(1-2):1-14. PMID: 12165364.
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  524. Gangitano M, Valero-Cabré A, Tormos JM, Mottaghy FM, Romero JR, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of input-output curves by low and high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex. Clin Neurophysiol. 2002 Aug; 113(8):1249-57. PMID: 12140004.
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  525. Knecht S, Flöel A, Dräger B, Breitenstein C, Sommer J, Henningsen H, Ringelstein EB, Pascual-Leone A. Degree of language lateralization determines susceptibility to unilateral brain lesions. Nat Neurosci. 2002 Jul; 5(7):695-9. PMID: 12055632.
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  526. Lin KL, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and its applications in children. Chang Gung Med J. 2002 Jul; 25(7):424-36. PMID: 12350028.
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  527. Pascual-Leone A, Manoach DS, Birnbaum R, Goff DC. Motor cortical excitability in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Jul 01; 52(1):24-31. PMID: 12079727.
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  528. Simon DK, Lin MT, Pascual-Leone A. "Nature versus nurture" and incompletely penetrant mutations. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002 Jun; 72(6):686-9. PMID: 12023405; PMCID: PMC1737924.
  529. Sparing R, Mottaghy FM, Ganis G, Thompson WL, Töpper R, Kosslyn SM, Pascual-Leone A. Visual cortex excitability increases during visual mental imagery--a TMS study in healthy human subjects. Brain Res. 2002 May 31; 938(1-2):92-7. PMID: 12031540.
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  530. Lin KL, Kobayashi M, Pascual-Leone A. Effects of musical training on speech-induced modulation in corticospinal excitability. Neuroreport. 2002 May 07; 13(6):899-902. PMID: 11997710.
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  531. Kauffman T, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Braille character discrimination in blindfolded human subjects. Neurorep