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Alvaro Pascual-Leone, PH.D., M.D.

TitleProfessor of Neurology
InstitutionBeth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
DepartmentNeurology
AddressBeth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr
Neurology, KS 454
330 Brookline Ave
Boston MA 02215
Phone617/667-0203
Fax617/975-5322

 Overview 
 overview
At the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation that I direct we have three distinct missions: (1) Research explores brain-behavior relations, brain plasticity and its modulation, employing different noninvasive brain stimulation techniques combined with careful task design, electroencephalography, and functional brain imaging. (2) Educational efforts feature an intensive course in noninvasive brain stimulation offered three times per year as part of Harvard’s Continuing Medical Education program. (3) Clinical work includes diagnostic studies therapeutic applications of noninvasive brain stimulation for treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders.
My work has been fundamental in establishing transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a tool capable of revealing causal brain-behavior relations and the timing of information flow and dynamic adaptation in neural networks. My laboratory has contributed to increasing the knowledge about the mechanisms of action and improving the methodology of TMS and its combination with other neurophysiologic and brain imaging methods. For example we developed a method to interface TMS with EEG to allow the study of the effects of brain stimulation on ongoing brain activity and ultimately enable the use of EEG activity as a means of controlling the stimulation applied, and a novel methodology to introduce TMS into the MRI scanner in order to be able to study the neural activity evoked by TMS and thus correlate behavioral with underlying neurophysiologic effects.
I was the first to show that trains of repetitive TMS can be reliably and safely disrupt the activity of a given brain region transiently and thus provide insights about the causality of brain activity in behavior. I demonstrated the rapid plasticity of motor cortical outputs during motor learning, the requirement of visual cortex input for tactile Braille reading in the blind, the causal role of primary visual cortex and the dynamics of interhemipheric compensatory processes during mental imagery, and the need for fast back-projections in visual awareness tasks. Moreover, coupling TMS with physiologic and imaging techniques, I showed that repetitive TMS can induce lasting changes in regional brain excitability and exert trans-synaptic modulatory effects on neural network activity in animal and human studies. This allows for the investigation of the rapid neuroplastic changes that compensate for brain injury or dysfunction, and permits the model-driven, individually-tailored modulation of disrupted networks for treating common neuropsychiatric conditions. We showed that TMS can aide in the recovery of hand function and aphasia after stroke, the adaptation to blindness, the rehabilitation of neglect, the control of addictive behavior, and the acquisition of language and imitation behavior in autism. My laboratory carried out the first double blind study of rTMS in major depression, and the first proof-of-principle studies suggesting therapeutic possibilities of TMS in epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, visceral pain and dystonia. This work provides support to the notion that modulation of activity along a distributed neural network can induce long-lasting plastic changes, even in the adult brain, and have behavioral consequences, which in certain conditions may be therapeutic.


 Mentoring 
 completed student projects
EEG microstates and repetitive TMS: Changes in EEG microstate dynamics following continuous theta burst stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
Summer, 06/17/13 - 08/09/13
Lateralized Motor Evoked Potentials via Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Summer, 06/01/08 - 09/01/08
Cortical Plasticity Associated with Blindness
Full Time, 07/03/00 - 01/28/01
Time Course of Activation of Visual Cortex in Braille Reading by Blind Patients: A Transcranial magnetic Stimulation Study
Part Time, 03/01/00 - 03/31/00
Decision-making in people with narcolepsy and healthy age-matched controls
Full Time/Year Long, 11/01/06 - 06/29/07
Time Course of Activation of visual Cortex in Braille Reading y blind Patients: A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study
Summer, 06/12/00 - 08/25/00
Modulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in obesity.
Summer, 06/18/07 - 08/10/07

 Research 
 research resources
This researcher has shared information about their research resources
in the eagle-i Network. To update or add resource records, contact
eagle-i@hms.harvard.edu.
Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation (BIDMC) - Core services (2) and Research opportunities (1)
Harvard Catalyst Clinical Research Center - Core services (20) and Instruments (14)

 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Khanna A, Pascual-Leone A, Farzan F. Reliability of resting-state microstate features in electroencephalography. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e114163.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Fox MD, Buckner RL, Liu H, Chakravarty MM, Lozano AM, Pascual-Leone A. Resting-state networks link invasive and noninvasive brain stimulation across diverse psychiatric and neurological diseases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Oct 14; 111(41):E4367-75.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Halko MA, Farzan F, Eldaief MC, Schmahmann JD, Pascual-Leone A. Intermittent theta-burst stimulation of the lateral cerebellum increases functional connectivity of the default network. J Neurosci. 2014 Sep 3; 34(36):12049-56.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Noetscher GM, Yanamadala J, Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A. Comparison of cephalic and extracephalic montages for transcranial direct current stimulation--a numerical study. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Sep; 61(9):2488-98.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Doruk D, Gray Z, Bravo GL, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Effects of tDCS on executive function in Parkinson's disease. Neurosci Lett. 2014 Oct 17; 582:27-31.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Grau C, Ginhoux R, Riera A, Nguyen TL, Chauvat H, Berg M, Amengual JL, Pascual-Leone A, Ruffini G. Conscious Brain-to-Brain Communication in Humans Using Non-Invasive Technologies. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e105225.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Modulation of corticospinal excitability by transcranial magnetic stimulation in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:627.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Shafi M, Stern AP, Pascual-Leone A. Adding low-field magnetic stimulation to noninvasive electromagnetic neuromodulatory therapies. Biol Psychiatry. 2014 Aug 1; 76(3):170-1.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Rykman A, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe BT. Reply: Evidence against volume conduction to explain normal MEPs in muscles with low motor power in SCI. Spinal Cord. 2014 Sep; 52(9):718.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Rodríguez N, Opisso E, Pascual-Leone A, Soler MD. Skin Lesions Induced by Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Brain Stimul. 2014 Sep-Oct; 7(5):765-7.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A. Hyperplasticity in Autism Spectrum Disorder confers protection from Alzheimer's disease. Med Hypotheses. 2014 Sep; 83(3):337-42.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Park JY, Kim YH, Chang WH, Park CH, Shin YI, Kim ST, Pascual-Leone A. Significance of longitudinal changes in the default-mode network for cognitive recovery after stroke. Eur J Neurosci. 2014 Aug; 40(4):2715-22.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Bashir S, Perez JM, Horvath JC, Pena-Gomez C, Vernet M, Capia A, Alonso-Alonso M, Pascual-Leone A. Differential effects of motor cortical excitability and plasticity in young and old individuals: a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) study. Front Aging Neurosci. 2014; 6:111.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Elloian JM, Noetscher GM, Makarov SN, Pascual-Leone A. Continuous wave simulations on the propagation of electromagnetic fields through the human head. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Jun; 61(6):1676-83.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Plow EB, Cattaneo Z, Carlson TA, Alvarez GA, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The compensatory dynamic of inter-hemispheric interactions in visuospatial attention revealed using rTMS and fMRI. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:226.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Fecteau S, Agosta S, Hone-Blanchet A, Fregni F, Boggio P, Ciraulo D, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of smoking and decision-making behaviors with transcranial direct current stimulation in tobacco smokers: A preliminary study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Jul 1; 140:78-84.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Fried PJ, Rushmore RJ, Moss MB, Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A. Causal evidence supporting functional dissociation of verbal and spatial working memory in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Eur J Neurosci. 2014 Jun; 39(11):1973-81.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Gunduz A, Kumru H, Pascual-Leone A. Outcomes in spasticity after repetitive transcranial magnetic and transcranial direct current stimulations. Neural Regen Res. 2014 Apr 1; 9(7):712-8.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Chang WH, Bang OY, Shin YI, Lee A, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. BDNF Polymorphism and Differential rTMS Effects on Motor Recovery of Stroke Patients. Brain Stimul. 2014 Jul-Aug; 7(4):553-8.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Muller PA, Dhamne SC, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Suppression of motor cortical excitability in anesthetized rats by low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e91065.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Edwards DJ, Dipietro L, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Medeiros AH, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Krebs HI, Pascual-Leone A. Movement-generated afference paired with transcranial magnetic stimulation: an associative stimulation paradigm. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2014; 11(1):31.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Rosset-Llobet J, Fàbregas-Molas S, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation improves neurorehabilitation of task-specific dystonia: a pilot study. Med Probl Perform Art. 2014 Mar; 29(1):16-8.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Jeurissen D, Sack AT, Roebroeck A, Russ BE, Pascual-Leone A. TMS affects moral judgment, showing the role of DLPFC and TPJ in cognitive and emotional processing. Front Neurosci. 2014; 8:18.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Dhamne SC, Kothare RS, Yu C, Hsieh TH, Anastasio EM, Oberman L, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. A measure of acoustic noise generated from transcranial magnetic stimulation coils. Brain Stimul. 2014 May-Jun; 7(3):432-4.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Zhou J, Hao Y, Wang Y, Jor'dan A, Pascual-Leone A, Zhang J, Fang J, Manor B. Transcranial direct current stimulation reduces the cost of performing a cognitive task on gait and postural control. Eur J Neurosci. 2014 Apr; 39(8):1343-8.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Vidal-Piñeiro D, Martin-Trias P, Arenaza-Urquijo EM, Sala-Llonch R, Clemente IC, Mena-Sánchez I, Bargalló N, Falcón C, Pascual-Leone A, Bartrés-Faz D. Task-dependent Activity and Connectivity Predict Episodic Memory Network-based Responses to Brain Stimulation in Healthy Aging. Brain Stimul. 2014 Mar-Apr; 7(2):287-96.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Martin PI, Treglia E, Naeser MA, Ho MD, Baker EH, Martin EG, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Language improvements after TMS plus modified CILT: Pilot, open-protocol study with two, chronic nonfluent aphasia cases. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2014 Jan 1; 32(4):483-505.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Fecteau S, Levasseur-Moreau J, García-Molina A, Kumru H, Vergara RP, Bernabeu M, Roig T, Pascual-Leone A, Tormos JM. Risk taking in hospitalized patients with acute and severe traumatic brain injury. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e83598.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Ruffini G, Fox MD, Ripolles O, Miranda PC, Pascual-Leone A. Optimization of multifocal transcranial current stimulation for weighted cortical pattern targeting from realistic modeling of electric fields. Neuroimage. 2014 Apr 1; 89:216-25.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Mehta UM, Thirthalli J, Basavaraju R, Gangadhar BN, Pascual-Leone A. Reduced mirror neuron activity in schizophrenia and its association with theory of mind deficits: evidence from a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Schizophr Bull. 2014 Sep; 40(5):1083-94.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Nummenmaa A, McNab JA, Savadjiev P, Okada Y, Hämäläinen MS, Wang R, Wald LL, Pascual-Leone A, Wedeen VJ, Raij T. Targeting of white matter tracts with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2014 Jan-Feb; 7(1):80-4.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Brem AK, Atkinson NJ, Seligson EE, Pascual-Leone A. Differential pharmacological effects on brain reactivity and plasticity in Alzheimer's disease. Front Psychiatry. 2013; 4:124.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Farzan F, Wu Y, Manor B, Anastasio EM, Lough M, Novak V, Greenstein PE, Pascual-Leone A. Cerebellar TMS in treatment of a patient with cerebellar ataxia: evidence from clinical, biomechanics and neurophysiological assessments. Cerebellum. 2013 Oct; 12(5):707-12.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Saper CB, Pascual-Leone A, Pomeroy S, Koralnik I, Rutkove S, Samuels M, Saper C, Schlaug G, Schomer DL, Walsh CA, Young A. Message from the incoming editor. Ann Neurol. 2013 Sep; 74(3):A9-A10.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Vernet M, Bashir S, Yoo WK, Oberman L, Mizrahi I, Ifert-Miller F, Beck CJ, Pascual-Leone A. Reproducibility of the effects of theta burst stimulation on motor cortical plasticity in healthy participants. Clin Neurophysiol. 2014 Feb; 125(2):320-6.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Bashir S, Perez JM, Horvath JC, Pascual-Leone A. Differentiation of motor cortical representation of hand muscles by navigated mapping of optimal TMS current directions in healthy subjects. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Aug; 30(4):390-5.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Rykman A, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe BT. Preserved corticospinal conduction without voluntary movement after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2013 Oct; 51(10):765-7.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Théoret H, Gleeson J, Pascual-Leone A. Neurophysiologic characterization of motor and sensory projections in Joubert syndrome. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Nov; 124(11):2283-4.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Brem AK, Fried PJ, Horvath JC, Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A. Is neuroenhancement by noninvasive brain stimulation a net zero-sum proposition? Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 3:1058-68.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Liu A, Pang T, Herman S, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for refractory focal status epilepticus in the intensive care unit. Seizure. 2013 Dec; 22(10):893-6.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Wagner T, Eden U, Rushmore J, Russo CJ, Dipietro L, Fregni F, Simon S, Rotman S, Pitskel NB, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pascual-Leone A, Grodzinsky AJ, Zahn M, Valero-Cabré A. Impact of brain tissue filtering on neurostimulation fields: A modeling study. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 3:1048-57.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Ortiz T, Poch J, Santos JM, Martínez AM, Ortiz-Terán L, Requena C, Barcia JA, de Erausquin GA, Pascual-Leone A. Occipital cortex activation by long-term repetitive tactile stimulation is necessary for object recognition in blinds: A case report. Neurocase. 2014 Jun; 20(3):273-82.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Farzan F, Barr MS, Hoppenbrouwers SS, Fitzgerald PB, Chen R, Pascual-Leone A, Daskalakis ZJ. The EEG correlates of the TMS-induced EMG silent period in humans. Neuroimage. 2013 Dec; 83:120-34.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Halko MA, Eldaief MC, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation in the study of the human visual system. J Glaucoma. 2013 Jun-Jul; 22 Suppl 5:S39-41.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Schestatsky P, Simis M, Freeman R, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Non-invasive brain stimulation and the autonomic nervous system. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Sep; 124(9):1716-28.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Papeo L, Pascual-Leone A, Caramazza A. Disrupting the brain to validate hypotheses on the neurobiology of language. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013; 7:148.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Domenech J, Barrios C, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone Á. Somatosensory cortectomy induces motor cortical hyperexcitability and scoliosis: an experimental study in developing rats. Spine J. 2013 Aug; 13(8):938-46.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Freitas C, Farzan F, Pascual-Leone A. Assessing brain plasticity across the lifespan with transcranial magnetic stimulation: why, how, and what is the ultimate goal? Front Neurosci. 2013; 7:42.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Meherwan Mehta U, Agarwal SM, Kalmady SV, Shivakumar V, Kumar CN, Venkatasubramanian G, Thirthalli J, Gangadhar BN, Pascual-Leone A, Keshavan MS. Enhancing putative mirror neuron activity with magnetic stimulation: a single-case functional neuroimaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Aug 1; 74(3):e1-2.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Shafi MM, Brandon Westover M, Oberman L, Cash SS, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of EEG functional connectivity networks in subjects undergoing repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Topogr. 2014 Jan; 27(1):172-91.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Fecteau S, Boggio P, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of untruthful responses with non-invasive brain stimulation. Front Psychiatry. 2012; 3:97.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Kumru H, Benito J, Murillo N, Valls-Sole J, Valles M, Lopez-Blazquez R, Costa U, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A, Vidal J. Effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on motor and gait improvement in incomplete spinal cord injury patients. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013 Jun; 27(5):421-9.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Kapur N, Cole J, Manly T, Viskontas I, Ninteman A, Hasher L, Pascual-Leone A. Positive clinical neuroscience: explorations in positive neurology. Neuroscientist. 2013 Aug; 19(4):354-69.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Oberman L, Pascual-Leone A. Changes in plasticity across the lifespan: cause of disease and target for intervention. Prog Brain Res. 2013; 207:91-120.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Cortes M, Elder J, Rykman A, Murray L, Avedissian M, Stampa A, Thickbroom GW, Pascual-Leone A, Krebs HI, Valls-Sole J, Edwards DJ. Improved motor performance in chronic spinal cord injury following upper-limb robotic training. NeuroRehabilitation. 2013; 33(1):57-65.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Brem AK, Ran K, Pascual-Leone A. Learning and memory. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013; 116:693-737.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Peña-Gomez C, Solé-Padullés C, Clemente IC, Junqué C, Bargalló N, Bosch B, Molinuevo JL, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A, Bartrés-Faz D. APOE status modulates the changes in network connectivity induced by brain stimulation in non-demented elders. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e51833.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Tremblay S, Beaulé V, Proulx S, de Beaumont L, Marjanska M, Doyon J, Pascual-Leone A, Lassonde M, Théoret H. Relationship between transcranial magnetic stimulation measures of intracortical inhibition and spectroscopy measures of GABA and glutamate+glutamine. J Neurophysiol. 2013 Mar; 109(5):1343-9.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Vernet M, Bashir S, Yoo WK, Perez JM, Najib U, Pascual-Leone A. Insights on the neural basis of motor plasticity induced by theta burst stimulation from TMS-EEG. Eur J Neurosci. 2013 Feb; 37(4):598-606.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Fox MD, Liu H, Pascual-Leone A. Identification of reproducible individualized targets for treatment of depression with TMS based on intrinsic connectivity. Neuroimage. 2013 Feb 1; 66:151-60.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Krause V, Bashir S, Pollok B, Caipa A, Schnitzler A, Pascual-Leone A. 1 Hz rTMS of the left posterior parietal cortex (PPC) modifies sensorimotor timing. Neuropsychologia. 2012 Dec; 50(14):3729-35.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Rosset-Llobet J, Pascual-Leone A, Fàbregas-Molas S. Role of female reproductive hormones in musicians' dystonia. Med Probl Perform Art. 2012 Sep; 27(3):156-8.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Pereira AC, Schomer A, Feng W, Najib U, Yoo WK, Vernet M, Alexander MP, Caplan LR, Pascual-Leone A. Anterior disconnection syndrome revisited using modern technologies. Neurology. 2012 Jul 17; 79(3):290-1.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Bernabeu M, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation in traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2012 Jul-Aug; 27(4):274-92.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Pascual-Leone A. Can noninvasive brain stimulation enhance cognition in neuropsychiatric disorders? Neuropharmacology. 2013 Jan; 64:566-78.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Oberman L, Eldaief M, Fecteau S, Ifert-Miller F, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Abnormal modulation of corticospinal excitability in adults with Asperger's syndrome. Eur J Neurosci. 2012 Sep; 36(6):2782-8.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Fox MD, Buckner RL, White MP, Greicius MD, Pascual-Leone A. Efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation targets for depression is related to intrinsic functional connectivity with the subgenual cingulate. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Oct 1; 72(7):595-603.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Vernet M, Walker L, Yoo WK, Pascual-Leone A, Chang BS. EEG onset of a seizure during TMS from a focus independent of the stimulation site. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Oct; 123(10):2106-8.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Plow EB, Pascual-Leone A, Machado A. Brain stimulation in the treatment of chronic neuropathic and non-cancerous pain. J Pain. 2012 May; 13(5):411-24.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Fox MD, Halko MA, Eldaief MC, Pascual-Leone A. Measuring and manipulating brain connectivity with resting state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Neuroimage. 2012 Oct 1; 62(4):2232-43.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Shafi MM, Westover MB, Fox MD, Pascual-Leone A. Exploration and modulation of brain network interactions with noninvasive brain stimulation in combination with neuroimaging. Eur J Neurosci. 2012 Mar; 35(6):805-25.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Reply to letter to the editor. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jan; 6(1):95.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Pereira JB, Junqué C, Bartrés-Faz D, Martí MJ, Sala-Llonch R, Compta Y, Falcón C, Vendrell P, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Tolosa E. Modulation of verbal fluency networks by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in Parkinson's disease. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jan; 6(1):16-24.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Plow EB, Obretenova SN, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Comparison of visual field training for hemianopia with active versus sham transcranial direct cortical stimulation. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2012 Jul-Aug; 26(6):616-26.
    View in: PubMed
  75. Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A. Why the assessment of causality in brain-behavior relations requires brain stimulation. J Cogn Neurosci. 2012 Apr; 24(4):775-7.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Kabakov AY, Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Contribution of axonal orientation to pathway-dependent modulation of excitatory transmission by direct current stimulation in isolated rat hippocampus. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr; 107(7):1881-9.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Bashir S, Vernet M, Yoo WK, Mizrahi I, Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Changes in cortical plasticity after mild traumatic brain injury. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2012; 30(4):277-82.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Truong DQ, Magerowski G, Pascual-Leone A, Alonso-Alonso M, Bikson M. Finite Element study of skin and fat delineation in an obese subject for transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012:6587-90.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Chang WH, Kim YH, Yoo WK, Goo KH, Park CH, Kim ST, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS with motor training modulates cortico-basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits in stroke patients. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2012; 30(3):179-89.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Ho M, Treglia E, Kaplan E, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and aphasia rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012 Jan; 93(1 Suppl):S26-34.
    View in: PubMed
  81. Benito J, Kumru H, Murillo N, Costa U, Medina J, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A, Vidal J. Motor and gait improvement in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury induced by high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil. 2012; 18(2):106-12.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Eldaief MC, Halko MA, Buckner RL, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation modulates the brain's intrinsic activity in a frequency-dependent manner. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Dec 27; 108(52):21229-34.
    View in: PubMed
  83. Rosset-Llobet J, Fàbregas-Molas S, Pascual-Leone A. Drummer's lower limb dystonia. J Neurol. 2012 Jun; 259(6):1236-7.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Bedny M, Pascual-Leone A, Dravida S, Saxe R. A sensitive period for language in the visual cortex: distinct patterns of plasticity in congenitally versus late blind adults. Brain Lang. 2012 Sep; 122(3):162-70.
    View in: PubMed
  85. Hsieh TH, Dhamne SC, Chen JJ, Carpenter LL, Anastasio EM, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Minimal heating of aneurysm clips during repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Jul; 123(7):1471-3.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Peterchev AV, Wagner TA, Miranda PC, Nitsche MA, Paulus W, Lisanby SH, Pascual-Leone A, Bikson M. Fundamentals of transcranial electric and magnetic stimulation dose: definition, selection, and reporting practices. Brain Stimul. 2012 Oct; 5(4):435-53.
    View in: PubMed
  87. Hsieh TH, Dhamne SC, Chen JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. A new measure of cortical inhibition by mechanomyography and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in unanesthetized rats. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Feb; 107(3):966-72.
    View in: PubMed
  88. Obhi SS, Hogeveen J, Pascual-Leone A. Resonating with others: the effects of self-construal type on motor cortical output. J Neurosci. 2011 Oct 12; 31(41):14531-5.
    View in: PubMed
  89. Ohn SH, Chang WH, Park CH, Kim ST, Lee JI, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. Neural correlates of the antinociceptive effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on central pain after stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2012 May; 26(4):344-52.
    View in: PubMed
  90. Bolognini N, Cecchetto C, Geraci C, Maravita A, Pascual-Leone A, Papagno C. Hearing shapes our perception of time: temporal discrimination of tactile stimuli in deaf people. J Cogn Neurosci. 2012 Feb; 24(2):276-86.
    View in: PubMed
  91. Peña-Gómez C, Sala-Lonch R, Junqué C, Clemente IC, Vidal D, Bargalló N, Falcón C, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone Á, Bartrés-Faz D. Modulation of large-scale brain networks by transcranial direct current stimulation evidenced by resting-state functional MRI. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):252-63.
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  92. Plow EB, Obretenova SN, Halko MA, Kenkel S, Jackson ML, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Combining visual rehabilitative training and noninvasive brain stimulation to enhance visual function in patients with hemianopia: a comparative case study. PM R. 2011 Sep; 3(9):825-35.
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  93. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Freitas C, Pascual-Leone A, Schmahmann JD. Modulatory effects of theta burst stimulation on cerebellar nonsomatic functions. Cerebellum. 2011 Sep; 10(3):495-503.
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  94. Giacobbe V, Volpe BT, Thickbroom GW, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Krebs HI, Edwards DJ. Reversal of TMS-induced motor twitch by training is associated with a reduction in excitability of the antagonist muscle. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2011; 8:46.
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  95. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Theoret H, Kobayashi M, Fregni F, Nicholas M, Tormos JM, Steven MS, Baker EH, Pascual-Leone A. TMS suppression of right pars triangularis, but not pars opercularis, improves naming in aphasia. Brain Lang. 2011 Dec; 119(3):206-13.
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  96. Pascual-Leone A, Taylor MJ. A developmental framework of brain and cognition from infancy to old age. Brain Topogr. 2011 Oct; 24(3-4):183-6.
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  97. Kumru H, Soler D, Vidal J, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Sole J. Evoked potentials and quantitative thermal testing in spinal cord injury patients with chronic neuropathic pain. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Mar; 123(3):598-604.
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  98. Pascual-Leone A, Freitas C, Oberman L, Horvath JC, Halko M, Eldaief M, Bashir S, Vernet M, Shafi M, Westover B, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Rotenberg A. Characterizing brain cortical plasticity and network dynamics across the age-span in health and disease with TMS-EEG and TMS-fMRI. Brain Topogr. 2011 Oct; 24(3-4):302-15.
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  99. Ortiz T, Poch J, Santos JM, Requena C, Martínez AM, Ortiz-Terán L, Turrero A, Barcia J, Nogales R, Calvo A, Martínez JM, Córdoba JL, Pascual-Leone A. Recruitment of occipital cortex during sensory substitution training linked to subjective experience of seeing in people with blindness. PLoS One. 2011; 6(8):e23264.
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  100. Cattaneo Z, Fantino M, Tinti C, Pascual-Leone A, Silvanto J, Vecchi T. Spatial biases in peripersonal space in sighted and blind individuals revealed by a haptic line bisection paradigm. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2011 Aug; 37(4):1110-21.
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  101. Peña-Gómez C, Vidal-Piñeiro D, Clemente IC, Pascual-Leone Á, Bartrés-Faz D. Down-regulation of negative emotional processing by transcranial direct current stimulation: effects of personality characteristics. PLoS One. 2011; 6(7):e22812.
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  102. Barcia JA, Sanz A, González-Hidalgo M, de Las Heras C, Alonso-Lera P, Díaz P, Pascual-Leone A, Oliviero A, Ortiz T. rTMS stimulation to induce plastic changes at the language motor area in a patient with a left recidivant brain tumor affecting Broca's area. Neurocase. 2012; 18(2):132-8.
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  103. Freitas C, Pearlman C, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of auditory verbal hallucinations with transcranial magnetic stimulation in a patient with psychotic major depression: one-year follow-up. Neurocase. 2012 Feb; 18(1):57-65.
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  104. Fecteau S, Agosta S, Oberman L, Pascual-Leone A. Brain stimulation over Broca's area differentially modulates naming skills in neurotypical adults and individuals with Asperger's syndrome. Eur J Neurosci. 2011 Jul; 34(1):158-64.
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  105. Joseph RJ, Alonso-Alonso M, Bond DS, Pascual-Leone A, Blackburn GL. The neurocognitive connection between physical activity and eating behaviour. Obes Rev. 2011 Oct; 12(10):800-12.
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  106. Dimitrova A, Fronczek R, Van der Ploeg J, Scammell T, Gautam S, Pascual-Leone A, Lammers GJ. Reward-seeking behavior in human narcolepsy. J Clin Sleep Med. 2011 Jun 15; 7(3):293-300.
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  107. Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Safety and tolerability of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with pathologic positive sensory phenomena: a review of literature. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):320-9.e27.
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  108. Alonso-Alonso M, Chang B, Press DZ, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Commentary on Kratz et Al "seizure in a nonpredisposed individual induced by single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation". J ECT. 2011 Jun; 27(2):176-7.
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  109. Tadini L, El-Nazer R, Brunoni AR, Williams J, Carvas M, Boggio P, Priori A, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Cognitive, mood, and electroencephalographic effects of noninvasive cortical stimulation with weak electrical currents. J ECT. 2011 Jun; 27(2):134-40.
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  110. Alonso-Alonso M, Ziemke F, Magkos F, Barrios FA, Brinkoetter M, Boyd I, Rifkin-Graboi A, Yannakoulia M, Rojas R, Pascual-Leone A, Mantzoros CS. Brain responses to food images during the early and late follicular phase of the menstrual cycle in healthy young women: relation to fasting and feeding. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Aug; 94(2):377-84.
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  111. McClintock SM, Freitas C, Oberman L, Lisanby SH, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a neuroscientific probe of cortical function in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Jul 1; 70(1):19-27.
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  112. Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Valls-Sole J, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ. Spinal associative stimulation: a non-invasive stimulation paradigm to modulate spinal excitability. Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Nov; 122(11):2254-9.
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  113. Freitas C, Mondragón-Llorca H, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation in Alzheimer's disease: systematic review and perspectives for the future. Exp Gerontol. 2011 Aug; 46(8):611-27.
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  114. Cramer SC, Sur M, Dobkin BH, O'Brien C, Sanger TD, Trojanowski JQ, Rumsey JM, Hicks R, Cameron J, Chen D, Chen WG, Cohen LG, deCharms C, Duffy CJ, Eden GF, Fetz EE, Filart R, Freund M, Grant SJ, Haber S, Kalivas PW, Kolb B, Kramer AF, Lynch M, Mayberg HS, McQuillen PS, Nitkin R, Pascual-Leone A, Reuter-Lorenz P, Schiff N, Sharma A, Shekim L, Stryker M, Sullivan EV, Vinogradov S. Harnessing neuroplasticity for clinical applications. Brain. 2011 Jun; 134(Pt 6):1591-609.
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  115. Freitas C, Perez J, Knobel M, Tormos JM, Oberman L, Eldaief M, Bashir S, Vernet M, Peña-Gómez C, Pascual-Leone A. Changes in cortical plasticity across the lifespan. Front Aging Neurosci. 2011; 3:5.
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  116. Najib U, Bashir S, Edwards D, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial brain stimulation: clinical applications and future directions. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2011 Apr; 22(2):233-51, ix.
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  117. Brunoni AR, Nitsche MA, Bolognini N, Bikson M, Wagner T, Merabet L, Edwards DJ, Valero-Cabre A, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, Ferrucci R, Priori A, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): challenges and future directions. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):175-95.
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  118. Park CH, Chang WH, Ohn SH, Kim ST, Bang OY, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH. Longitudinal changes of resting-state functional connectivity during motor recovery after stroke. Stroke. 2011 May; 42(5):1357-62.
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  119. Lepage JF, Beaulé V, Srour M, Rouleau G, Pascual-Leone A, Lassonde M, Théoret H. Neurophysiological investigation of congenital mirror movements in a patient with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Brain Stimul. 2012 Apr; 5(2):137-40.
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  120. Bedny M, Pascual-Leone A, Dodell-Feder D, Fedorenko E, Saxe R. Language processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 15; 108(11):4429-34.
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  121. Yoo SS, Bystritsky A, Lee JH, Zhang Y, Fischer K, Min BK, McDannold NJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jolesz FA. Focused ultrasound modulates region-specific brain activity. Neuroimage. 2011 Jun 1; 56(3):1267-75.
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  122. Oberman L, Edwards D, Eldaief M, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation: a systematic review of the literature. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb; 28(1):67-74.
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  123. Tadin D, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. Improved motion perception and impaired spatial suppression following disruption of cortical area MT/V5. J Neurosci. 2011 Jan 26; 31(4):1279-83.
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  124. Rossi S, Hallett M, Rossini PM, Pascual-Leone A. Screening questionnaire before TMS: an update. Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Aug; 122(8):1686.
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  125. Bae EH, Theodore WH, Fregni F, Cantello R, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. An estimate of placebo effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Feb; 20(2):355-9.
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  126. Stamoulis C, Oberman LM, Praeg E, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Single pulse TMS-induced modulations of resting brain neurodynamics encoded in EEG phase. Brain Topogr. 2011 Jun; 24(2):105-13.
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  127. Najib U, Horvath JC, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A. State-dependency effects on TMS: a look at motive phosphene behavior. J Vis Exp. 2010; (46).
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  128. Oberman LM, Horvath JC, Pascual-Leone A. TMS: using the theta-burst protocol to explore mechanism of plasticity in individuals with Fragile X syndrome and autism. J Vis Exp. 2010; (46).
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  129. Halko MA, Eldaief MC, Horvath JC, Pascual-Leone A. Combining transcranial magnetic stimulation and FMRI to examine the default mode network. J Vis Exp. 2010; (46).
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  130. Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Measures of cortical inhibition by paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in anesthetized rats. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb; 105(2):615-24.
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  131. Bashir S, Mizrahi I, Weaver K, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Assessment and modulation of neural plasticity in rehabilitation with transcranial magnetic stimulation. PM R. 2010 Dec; 2(12 Suppl 2):S253-68.
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  132. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Freitas C, Cromer JR, Safar L, Ongur D, Stone WS, Seidman LJ, Schmahmann JD, Pascual-Leone A. Safety and proof of principle study of cerebellar vermal theta burst stimulation in refractory schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2010 Dec; 124(1-3):91-100.
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  133. Horvath JC, Perez JM, Forrow L, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a historical evaluation and future prognosis of therapeutically relevant ethical concerns. J Med Ethics. 2011 Mar; 37(3):137-43.
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  134. Bashir S, Edwards D, Pascual-Leone A. Neuronavigation increases the physiologic and behavioral effects of low-frequency rTMS of primary motor cortex in healthy subjects. Brain Topogr. 2011 Mar; 24(1):54-64.
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  135. Horvath JC, Mathews J, Demitrack MA, Pascual-Leone A. The NeuroStar TMS device: conducting the FDA approved protocol for treatment of depression. J Vis Exp. 2010; (45).
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  136. Bedny M, Konkle T, Pelphrey K, Saxe R, Pascual-Leone A. Sensitive period for a multimodal response in human visual motion area MT/MST. Curr Biol. 2010 Nov 9; 20(21):1900-6.
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  137. Fregni F, Potvin K, Dasilva D, Wang X, Lenkinski RE, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A. Clinical effects and brain metabolic correlates in non-invasive cortical neuromodulation for visceral pain. Eur J Pain. 2011 Jan; 15(1):53-60.
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  138. Pascual-Leone A. The importance of recognizing paradoxes (Commentary on Madhavan et al.). Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Sep; 32(6):1030-1.
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  139. Fecteau S, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Camprodon JA, Pascual-Leone A. Neuromodulation of decision-making in the addictive brain. Subst Use Misuse. 2010 Sep; 45(11):1766-86.
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  140. Boggio PS, Zaghi S, Villani AB, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Modulation of risk-taking in marijuana users by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Dec 1; 112(3):220-5.
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  141. Soler MD, Kumru H, Pelayo R, Vidal J, Tormos JM, Fregni F, Navarro X, Pascual-Leone A. Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation and visual illusion on neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury. Brain. 2010 Sep; 133(9):2565-77.
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  142. Oberman L, Ifert-Miller F, Najib U, Bashir S, Woollacott I, Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Picker J, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation provides means to assess cortical plasticity and excitability in humans with fragile x syndrome and autism spectrum disorder. Front Synaptic Neurosci. 2010; 2:26.
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  143. Fecteau S, Tormos JM, Gangitano M, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of cortical motor outputs by the symbolic meaning of visual stimuli. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Jul; 32(1):172-7.
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  144. Cohen DA, Freitas C, Tormos JM, Oberman L, Eldaief M, Pascual-Leone A. Enhancing plasticity through repeated rTMS sessions: the benefits of a night of sleep. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Dec; 121(12):2159-64.
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  145. Camprodon JA, Zohary E, Brodbeck V, Pascual-Leone A. Two phases of V1 activity for visual recognition of natural images. J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Jun; 22(6):1262-9.
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  146. Soler MD, Kumru H, Vidal J, Pelayo R, Tormos JM, Fregni F, Navarro X, Pascual-Leone A. Referred sensations and neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury. Pain. 2010 Jul; 150(1):192-8.
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  147. Kaplan E, Naeser MA, Martin PI, Ho M, Wang Y, Baker E, Pascual-Leone A. Horizontal portion of arcuate fasciculus fibers track to pars opercularis, not pars triangularis, in right and left hemispheres: a DTI study. Neuroimage. 2010 Aug 15; 52(2):436-44.
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  148. Cattaneo Z, Fantino M, Silvanto J, Tinti C, Pascual-Leone A, Vecchi T. Symmetry perception in the blind. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2010 Jul; 134(3):398-402.
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  149. Bolognini N, Senna I, Maravita A, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Auditory enhancement of visual phosphene perception: the effect of temporal and spatial factors and of stimulus intensity. Neurosci Lett. 2010 Jun 25; 477(3):109-14.
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  150. Elkin-Frankston S, Fried PJ, Pascual-Leone A, Rushmore RJ, Valero-Cabr A. A novel approach for documenting phosphenes induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Vis Exp. 2010; (38).
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  151. Young L, Camprodon JA, Hauser M, Pascual-Leone A, Saxe R. Disruption of the right temporoparietal junction with transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces the role of beliefs in moral judgments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Apr 13; 107(15):6753-8.
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  152. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Lundgren K, Klein R, Kaplan J, Treglia E, Ho M, Nicholas M, Alonso M, Pascual-Leone A. Improved language in a chronic nonfluent aphasia patient after treatment with CPAP and TMS. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2010 Mar; 23(1):29-38.
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  153. Williams JA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Interhemispheric modulation induced by cortical stimulation and motor training. Phys Ther. 2010 Mar; 90(3):398-410.
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  154. Boggio PS, Campanhã C, Valasek CA, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Modulation of decision-making in a gambling task in older adults with transcranial direct current stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Feb; 31(3):593-7.
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  155. Kumru H, Murillo N, Samso JV, Valls-Sole J, Edwards D, Pelayo R, Valero-Cabre A, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Reduction of spasticity with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2010 Jun; 24(5):435-41.
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  156. Obretenova S, Halko MA, Plow EB, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Neuroplasticity associated with tactile language communication in a deaf-blind subject. Front Hum Neurosci. 2010; 3:60.
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  157. Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Integrating TMS with EEG: How and what for? Brain Topogr. 2010 Jan; 22(4):215-8.
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  158. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Treglia E, Ho M, Kaplan E, Bashir S, Hamilton R, Coslett HB, Pascual-Leone A. Research with rTMS in the treatment of aphasia. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2010; 28(4):511-29.
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  159. Boggio PS, Rocha M, Oliveira MO, Fecteau S, Cohen RB, Campanhã C, Ferreira-Santos E, Meleiro A, Corchs F, Zaghi S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Noninvasive brain stimulation with high-frequency and low-intensity repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 2010 Aug; 71(8):992-9.
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  160. Doménech J, Tormos JM, Barrios C, Pascual-Leone A. Motor cortical hyperexcitability in idiopathic scoliosis: could focal dystonia be a subclinical etiological factor? Eur Spine J. 2010 Feb; 19(2):223-30.
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  161. Carey JR, Anderson DC, Gillick BT, Whitford M, Pascual-Leone A. 6-Hz primed low-frequency rTMS to contralesional M1 in two cases with middle cerebral artery stroke. Neurosci Lett. 2010 Jan 29; 469(3):338-42.
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  162. Bernabeu M, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Opisso E, Lopez R, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Abnormal corticospinal excitability in traumatic diffuse axonal brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2009 Dec; 26(12):2185-93.
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  163. Merabet LB, Pascual-Leone A. Neural reorganization following sensory loss: the opportunity of change. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2010 Jan; 11(1):44-52.
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  164. Rotenberg A, Muller PA, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Navarro X, López-Vales R, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen F. Lateralization of forelimb motor evoked potentials by transcranial magnetic stimulation in rats. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Jan; 121(1):104-8.
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  165. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Ho M, Treglia E, Kaplan E, Baker EH, Pascual-Leone A. Research with transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of aphasia. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2009 Nov; 9(6):451-8.
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  166. Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. A review of combined TMS-EEG studies to characterize lasting effects of repetitive TMS and assess their usefulness in cognitive and clinical neuroscience. Brain Topogr. 2010 Jan; 22(4):219-32.
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  167. Rossi S, Hallett M, Rossini PM, Pascual-Leone A. Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research. Clin Neurophysiol. 2009 Dec; 120(12):2008-39.
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  168. Battelli L, Alvarez GA, Carlson T, Pascual-Leone A. The role of the parietal lobe in visual extinction studied with transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Oct; 21(10):1946-55.
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  169. Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A. Report of seizure induced by continuous theta burst stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2009 Oct; 2(4):246-7.
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  170. Boggio PS, Amancio EJ, Correa CF, Cecilio S, Valasek C, Bajwa Z, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ, Fregni F. Transcranial DC stimulation coupled with TENS for the treatment of chronic pain: a preliminary study. Clin J Pain. 2009 Oct; 25(8):691-5.
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  171. Cattaneo Z, Vecchi T, Pascual-Leone A, Silvanto J. Contrasting early visual cortical activation states causally involved in visual imagery and short-term memory. Eur J Neurosci. 2009 Oct; 30(7):1393-400.
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  172. Rotenberg A, Bae EH, Muller PA, Riviello JJ, Bourgeois BF, Blum AS, Pascual-Leone A. In-session seizures during low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Oct; 16(2):353-5.
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  173. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Ho M, Doron KW, Kurland J, Kaplan J, Wang Y, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Alonso M, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Overt naming fMRI pre- and post-TMS: Two nonfluent aphasia patients, with and without improved naming post-TMS. Brain Lang. 2009 Oct; 111(1):20-35.
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  174. Cohen DA, Kurowski K, Steven MS, Blumstein SE, Pascual-Leone A. Paradoxical facilitation: the resolution of foreign accent syndrome after cerebellar stroke. Neurology. 2009 Aug 18; 73(7):566-7.
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  175. Rosset-Llobet J, Garcia-Elias M, Montero J, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A. Linburg's syndrome, can it cause focal dystonia? Mov Disord. 2009 Aug 15; 24(11):1704-6.
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  176. Cattaneo Z, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The middle range of the number line orients attention to the left side of visual space. Cogn Neuropsychol. 2009 May; 26(3):235-46.
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  177. Cattaneo Z, Silvanto J, Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A. The mental number line modulates visual cortical excitability. Neurosci Lett. 2009 Oct 25; 462(3):253-6.
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  178. Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with titanium skull plates. Clin Neurophysiol. 2009 Jul; 120(7):1417.
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  179. Bedny M, Pascual-Leone A, Saxe RR. Growing up blind does not change the neural bases of Theory of Mind. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jul 7; 106(27):11312-7.
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  180. Plow EB, Maguire S, Obretenova S, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Approaches to rehabilitation for visual field defects following brain lesions. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2009 May; 6(3):291-305.
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  181. Plow EB, Carey JR, Nudo RJ, Pascual-Leone A. Invasive cortical stimulation to promote recovery of function after stroke: a critical appraisal. Stroke. 2009 May; 40(5):1926-31.
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  182. Nitsche MA, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of depression with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): a review. Exp Neurol. 2009 Sep; 219(1):14-9.
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  183. Rosset-Llobet J, Candia V, Fàbregas i Molas S, Dolors Rosinés i Cubells D, Pascual-Leone A. The challenge of diagnosing focal hand dystonia in musicians. Eur J Neurol. 2009 Jul; 16(7):864-9.
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  184. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Valasek C, Ellwood S, Chi R, Gallate J, Pascual-Leone A, Snyder A. Temporal lobe cortical electrical stimulation during the encoding and retrieval phase reduces false memories. PLoS One. 2009; 4(3):e4959.
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  185. Bolognini N, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Using non-invasive brain stimulation to augment motor training-induced plasticity. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2009; 6:8.
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  186. Siebner HR, Bergmann TO, Bestmann S, Massimini M, Johansen-Berg H, Mochizuki H, Bohning DE, Boorman ED, Groppa S, Miniussi C, Pascual-Leone A, Huber R, Taylor PC, Ilmoniemi RJ, De Gennaro L, Strafella AP, Kähkönen S, Klöppel S, Frisoni GB, George MS, Hallett M, Brandt SA, Rushworth MF, Ziemann U, Rothwell JC, Ward N, Cohen LG, Baudewig J, Paus T, Ugawa Y, Rossini PM. Consensus paper: combining transcranial stimulation with neuroimaging. Brain Stimul. 2009 Apr; 2(2):58-80.
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  187. Boggio PS, Coutinho de Macedo E, Pascual-Leone A, Tormos Muñoz JM, Schwartzman JS, Fregni F. Neuromodulation in hypoxic-ischemic injury. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jul; 2(3):179-81.
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  188. Kobayashi M, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Suppression of ipsilateral motor cortex facilitates motor skill learning. Eur J Neurosci. 2009 Feb; 29(4):833-6.
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  189. Romei V, Thut G, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pascual-Leone A. M1 contributes to the intrinsic but not the extrinsic components of motor-skills. Cortex. 2009 Oct; 45(9):1058-64.
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  190. Merabet LB, Battelli L, Obretenova S, Maguire S, Meijer P, Pascual-Leone A. Functional recruitment of visual cortex for sound encoded object identification in the blind. Neuroreport. 2009 Jan 28; 20(2):132-8.
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  191. Freitas C, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Meta-analysis of the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on negative and positive symptoms in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2009 Mar; 108(1-3):11-24.
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  192. Edwards DJ, Krebs HI, Rykman A, Zipse J, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe BT. Raised corticomotor excitability of M1 forearm area following anodal tDCS is sustained during robotic wrist therapy in chronic stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2009; 27(3):199-207.
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  193. Stamoulis C, Praeg E, Chang BS, Bashir S, Pascual-Leone A. Estimation of brain state changes associated with behavior, stimulation and epilepsy. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009; 2009:4719-22.
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  194. Williams JA, Colton K, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Alexander MP. Feasibility of a home constraint-induced movement therapy for hand weakness after stroke. J Rehabil Med. 2009 Jan; 41(1):92-3.
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  195. Rotenberg A, Muller P, Birnbaum D, Harrington M, Riviello JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE. Seizure suppression by EEG-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the rat. Clin Neurophysiol. 2008 Dec; 119(12):2697-702.
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  196. Rotenberg A, Bae EH, Takeoka M, Tormos JM, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of epilepsia partialis continua. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Jan; 14(1):253-7.
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  197. Bedny M, Caramazza A, Grossman E, Pascual-Leone A, Saxe R. Concepts are more than percepts: the case of action verbs. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 29; 28(44):11347-53.
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  198. Yozbatiran N, Alonso-Alonso M, See J, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Luu D, Motiwala RR, Pascual-Leone A, Cramer SC. Safety and behavioral effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in stroke. Stroke. 2009 Jan; 40(1):309-12.
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  199. Hummel FC, Celnik P, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F, Byblow WD, Buetefisch CM, Rothwell J, Cohen LG, Gerloff C. Controversy: Noninvasive and invasive cortical stimulation show efficacy in treating stroke patients. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):370-82.
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  200. Reis J, Robertson EM, Krakauer JW, Rothwell J, Marshall L, Gerloff C, Wassermann EM, Pascual-Leone A, Hummel F, Celnik PA, Classen J, Floel A, Ziemann U, Paulus W, Siebner HR, Born J, Cohen LG. Consensus: Can transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation enhance motor learning and memory formation? Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):363-9.
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  201. Miniussi C, Cappa SF, Cohen LG, Floel A, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Oliveri M, Pascual-Leone A, Paulus W, Priori A, Walsh V. Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation/transcranial direct current stimulation in cognitive neurorehabilitation. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):326-36.
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  202. Cattaneo Z, Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The role of the angular gyrus in the modulation of visuospatial attention by the mental number line. Neuroimage. 2009 Jan 15; 44(2):563-8.
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  203. Silvanto J, Pascual-Leone A. State-dependency of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Topogr. 2008 Sep; 21(1):1-10.
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  204. Bajwa S, Bermpohl F, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Impaired interhemispheric interactions in patients with major depression. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 Sep; 196(9):671-7.
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  205. Battelli L, Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A, Cavanagh P. The 'when' parietal pathway explored by lesion studies. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2008 Apr; 18(2):120-6.
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  206. Merabet LB, Hamilton R, Schlaug G, Swisher JD, Kiriakopoulos ET, Pitskel NB, Kauffman T, Pascual-Leone A. Rapid and reversible recruitment of early visual cortex for touch. PLoS One. 2008; 3(8):e3046.
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  207. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Wrase J, Schlagenhauf F, Bauer M, Heinz A, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Novelty seeking modulates medial prefrontal activity during the anticipation of emotional stimuli. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Oct 30; 164(1):81-5.
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  208. VanRullen R, Pascual-Leone A, Battelli L. The continuous Wagon wheel illusion and the 'when' pathway of the right parietal lobe: a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation study. PLoS One. 2008; 3(8):e2911.
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  209. Amedi A, Merabet LB, Camprodon J, Bermpohl F, Fox S, Ronen I, Kim DS, Pascual-Leone A. Neural and behavioral correlates of drawing in an early blind painter: a case study. Brain Res. 2008 Nov 25; 1242:252-62.
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  210. Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. Psychopathy and the mirror neuron system: preliminary findings from a non-psychiatric sample. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Aug 15; 160(2):137-44.
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  211. Ziemann U, Paulus W, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Byblow WD, Berardelli A, Siebner HR, Classen J, Cohen LG, Rothwell JC. Consensus: Motor cortex plasticity protocols. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):164-82.
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  212. Nitsche MA, Cohen LG, Wassermann EM, Priori A, Lang N, Antal A, Paulus W, Hummel F, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation: State of the art 2008. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):206-23.
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  213. Langguth B, de Ridder D, Dornhoffer JL, Eichhammer P, Folmer RL, Frank E, Fregni F, Gerloff C, Khedr E, Kleinjung T, Landgrebe M, Lee S, Lefaucheur JP, Londero A, Marcondes R, Moller AR, Pascual-Leone A, Plewnia C, Rossi S, Sanchez T, Sand P, Schlee W, Pysch D, Steffens T, van de Heyning P, Hajak G. Controversy: Does repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation/ transcranial direct current stimulation show efficacy in treating tinnitus patients? Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):192-205.
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  214. Paulus W, Classen J, Cohen LG, Large CH, Di Lazzaro V, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A, Rosenow F, Rothwell JC, Ziemann U. State of the art: Pharmacologic effects on cortical excitability measures tested by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):151-63.
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  215. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Mechanic-Hamilton D, Press DZ, Pearlman C, Stern WM, Thall M, Pascual-Leone A. An open-label, prospective study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the long-term treatment of refractory depression: reproducibility and duration of the antidepressant effect in medication-free patients. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Jun; 69(6):930-4.
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  216. Cappelletti M, Fregni F, Shapiro K, Pascual-Leone A, Caramazza A. Processing nouns and verbs in the left frontal cortex: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. J Cogn Neurosci. 2008 Apr; 20(4):707-20.
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  217. Wu AD, Fregni F, Simon DK, Deblieck C, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease and dystonia. Neurotherapeutics. 2008 Apr; 5(2):345-61.
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  218. Silvanto J, Cattaneo Z, Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A. Baseline cortical excitability determines whether TMS disrupts or facilitates behavior. J Neurophysiol. 2008 May; 99(5):2725-30.
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  219. Romei V, De Gennaro L, Fratello F, Curcio G, Ferrara M, Pascual-Leone A, Bertini M. Interhemispheric transfer deficit in alexithymia: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Psychother Psychosom. 2008; 77(3):175-81.
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  220. Rotenberg A, Depositario-Cabacar D, Bae EH, Harini C, Pascual-Leone A, Takeoka M. Transient suppression of seizures by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a case of Rasmussen's encephalitis. Epilepsy Behav. 2008 Jul; 13(1):260-2.
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  221. Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A, Rushmore RJ. Cumulative sessions of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) build up facilitation to subsequent TMS-mediated behavioural disruptions. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Feb; 27(3):765-74.
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  222. Wagner T, Eden U, Fregni F, Valero-Cabre A, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pronio-Stelluto V, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and brain atrophy: a computer-based human brain model study. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Apr; 186(4):539-50.
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  223. Pascual-Leone A, Merabet L. Studies of crossmodal functions with TMS. Wassermann EM, Epstein CM, Ziemann U, Walsh V, Paus T, Lisanby SH (eds.) The Oxford Hanbook of Transcranial Stimulation. 2008; 447-462.
  224. Pascual-Leone A, Tormos-Muñoz JM. [Transcranial magnetic stimulation: the foundation and potential of modulating specific neuronal networks]. Rev Neurol. 2008; 46 Suppl 1:S3-10.
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  225. Gangitano M, Mottaghy FM, Pascual-Leone A. Release of premotor activity after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of prefrontal cortex. Soc Neurosci. 2008; 3(3-4):289-302.
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  226. Fregni F, Liguori P, Fecteau S, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. Cortical stimulation of the prefrontal cortex with transcranial direct current stimulation reduces cue-provoked smoking craving: a randomized, sham-controlled study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Jan; 69(1):32-40.
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  227. Knoch D, Nitsche MA, Fischbacher U, Eisenegger C, Pascual-Leone A, Fehr E. Studying the neurobiology of social interaction with transcranial direct current stimulation--the example of punishing unfairness. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Sep; 18(9):1987-90.
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  228. Fregni F, Orsati F, Pedrosa W, Fecteau S, Tome FA, Nitsche MA, Mecca T, Macedo EC, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. Transcranial direct current stimulation of the prefrontal cortex modulates the desire for specific foods. Appetite. 2008 Jul; 51(1):34-41.
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  229. Romei V, Brodbeck V, Michel C, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A, Thut G. Spontaneous fluctuations in posterior alpha-band EEG activity reflect variability in excitability of human visual areas. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Sep; 18(9):2010-8.
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  230. Frye RE, Rotenberg A, Ousley M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in child neurology: current and future directions. J Child Neurol. 2008 Jan; 23(1):79-96.
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  231. Pascual-Leone A, Greenberg LS. Emotional processing in experiential therapy: why "the only way out is through.". J Consult Clin Psychol. 2007 Dec; 75(6):875-87.
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  232. A. Pascual-Leone, A. Rotenberg and I. Glass. “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Methods and Apparatus”. 2007.
  233. Rigonatti SP, Boggio PS, Myczkowski ML, Otta E, Fiquer JT, Ribeiro RB, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Transcranial direct stimulation and fluoxetine for the treatment of depression. Eur Psychiatry. 2008 Jan; 23(1):74-6.
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  234. Fecteau S, Knoch D, Fregni F, Sultani N, Boggio P, Pascual-Leone A. Diminishing risk-taking behavior by modulating activity in the prefrontal cortex: a direct current stimulation study. J Neurosci. 2007 Nov 14; 27(46):12500-5.
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  235. Alonso-Alonso M, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Brain stimulation in poststroke rehabilitation. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2007; 24 Suppl 1:157-66.
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  236. Pitskel NB, Merabet LB, Ramos-Estebanez C, Kauffman T, Pascual-Leone A. Time-dependent changes in cortical excitability after prolonged visual deprivation. Neuroreport. 2007 Oct 29; 18(16):1703-7.
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  237. Silva G, Miksad R, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Jain S, Gomes DL, Amancio EJ, Boggio PS, Correa CF, Fregni F. Treatment of cancer pain with noninvasive brain stimulation. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2007 Oct; 34(4):342-5.
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  238. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Freedman SD. Pain in chronic pancreatitis: a salutogenic mechanism or a maladaptive brain response? Pancreatology. 2007; 7(5-6):411-22.
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  239. Rotenberg A, Harrington MG, Birnbaum DS, Madsen JR, Glass IE, Jensen FE, Pascual-Leone A. Minimal heating of titanium skull plates during 1Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2007 Nov; 118(11):2536-8.
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  240. Carey JR, Evans CD, Anderson DC, Bhatt E, Nagpal A, Kimberley TJ, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of 6-Hz primed low-frequency rTMS in stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2008 Mar-Apr; 22(2):185-92.
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  241. Gross M, Nakamura L, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Has repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment for depression improved? A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the recent vs. the earlier rTMS studies. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Sep; 116(3):165-73.
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  242. Boggio PS, Sultani N, Fecteau S, Merabet L, Mecca T, Pascual-Leone A, Basaglia A, Fregni F. Prefrontal cortex modulation using transcranial DC stimulation reduces alcohol craving: a double-blind, sham-controlled study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 Jan 1; 92(1-3):55-60.
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  243. Valle AC, Dionisio K, Pitskel NB, Pascual-Leone A, Orsati F, Ferreira MJ, Boggio PS, Lima MC, Rigonatti SP, Fregni F. Low and high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of spasticity. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2007 Jul; 49(7):534-8.
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  244. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Technology insight: noninvasive brain stimulation in neurology-perspectives on the therapeutic potential of rTMS and tDCS. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2007 Jul; 3(7):383-93.
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  245. Boggio PS, Rigonatti SP, Ribeiro RB, Myczkowski ML, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. A randomized, double-blind clinical trial on the efficacy of cortical direct current stimulation for the treatment of major depression. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2008 Mar; 11(2):249-54.
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  246. Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Zald DH, Liguori P, Théoret H, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Activation of prefrontal cortex by transcranial direct current stimulation reduces appetite for risk during ambiguous decision making. J Neurosci. 2007 Jun 6; 27(23):6212-8.
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  247. Amedi A, Stern WM, Camprodon JA, Bermpohl F, Merabet L, Rotman S, Hemond C, Meijer P, Pascual-Leone A. Shape conveyed by visual-to-auditory sensory substitution activates the lateral occipital complex. Nat Neurosci. 2007 Jun; 10(6):687-9.
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  248. Bae EH, Schrader LM, Machii K, Alonso-Alonso M, Riviello JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Safety and tolerability of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy: a review of the literature. Epilepsy Behav. 2007 Jun; 10(4):521-8.
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  249. Canli T, Brandon S, Casebeer W, Crowley PJ, Du Rousseau D, Greely HT, Pascual-Leone A. Neuroethics and national security. Am J Bioeth. 2007 May; 7(5):3-13.
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  250. Alonso-Alonso M, Pascual-Leone A. The right brain hypothesis for obesity. JAMA. 2007 Apr 25; 297(16):1819-22.
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  251. Ramos-Estebanez C, Merabet LB, Machii K, Fregni F, Thut G, Wagner TA, Romei V, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A. Visual phosphene perception modulated by subthreshold crossmodal sensory stimulation. J Neurosci. 2007 Apr 11; 27(15):4178-81.
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  252. A. Pascual-Leone. “System and Methods for Applying Signals, Including Contralesional Signals, to Neural Populations”. 2007.
  253. Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A, Cavanagh P. The 'when' pathway of the right parietal lobe. Trends Cogn Sci. 2007 May; 11(5):204-10.
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  254. A. Pascual-Leone and T. Wagner. “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Methods and Apparatus”. 2007.
  255. Merabet LB, Rizzo JF, Pascual-Leone A, Fernandez E. 'Who is the ideal candidate?': decisions and issues relating to visual neuroprosthesis development, patient testing and neuroplasticity. J Neural Eng. 2007 Mar; 4(1):S130-5.
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  256. Wagner T, Fregni F, Fecteau S, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation: a computer-based human model study. Neuroimage. 2007 Apr 15; 35(3):1113-24.
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  257. Fregni F, Freedman S, Pascual-Leone A. Recent advances in the treatment of chronic pain with non-invasive brain stimulation techniques. Lancet Neurol. 2007 Feb; 6(2):188-91.
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  258. Rosset-Llobet J, Candia V, Fàbregas S, Ray W, Pascual-Leone A. Secondary motor disturbances in 101 patients with musician's dystonia. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007 Sep; 78(9):949-53.
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  259. Cappelletti M, Barth H, Fregni F, Spelke ES, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS over the intraparietal sulcus disrupts numerosity processing. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Jun; 179(4):631-42.
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  260. Stern WM, Tormos JM, Press DZ, Pearlman C, Pascual-Leone A. Antidepressant effects of high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007; 19(2):179-86.
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  261. Boggio PS, Nunes A, Rigonatti SP, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Repeated sessions of noninvasive brain DC stimulation is associated with motor function improvement in stroke patients. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2007; 25(2):123-9.
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  262. Merabet LB, Pitskel NB, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A. The plastic human brain in the blind: the cause of disability and the opportunity for rehabilitation. Rieser, J. J., Ashmead, D. H., Ebner, F. F., & Corn, A. L. (Eds.). Blindness and brain plasticity in navigation and object perception. 2007.
  263. Wagner T, Valero-Cabre A, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive human brain stimulation. Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2007; 9:527-65.
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  264. Sergent Jones L; REPLY: Knoch D, Pascual-Leone A, Fehr E. The ethics of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Science. 2007; (315):1663-1664.
  265. Edwards DJ, Mastaglia FL, Byrnes ML, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Thickbroom GW. Supraspinal inputs reduce corticomotor excitability during passive movement: evidence from a pure sensory stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2007; 25(5-6):527-33.
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  266. Fregni F, Gimenes R, Valle AC, Ferreira MJ, Rocha RR, Natalle L, Bravo R, Rigonatti SP, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. A randomized, sham-controlled, proof of principle study of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Dec; 54(12):3988-98.
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  267. Merabet LB, Swisher JD, McMains SA, Halko MA, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A, Somers DC. Combined activation and deactivation of visual cortex during tactile sensory processing. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Feb; 97(2):1633-41.
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  268. Richardson AG, Overduin SA, Valero-Cabré A, Padoa-Schioppa C, Pascual-Leone A, Bizzi E, Press DZ. Disruption of primary motor cortex before learning impairs memory of movement dynamics. J Neurosci. 2006 Nov 29; 26(48):12466-70.
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  269. Fregni F, Liebetanz D, Monte-Silva KK, Oliveira MB, Santos AA, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Guedes RC. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation coupled with repetitive electrical stimulation on cortical spreading depression. Exp Neurol. 2007 Mar; 204(1):462-6.
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  270. Boggio PS, Alonso-Alonso M, Mansur CG, Rigonatti SP, Schlaug G, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Hand function improvement with low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in a severe case of stroke. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Nov; 85(11):927-30.
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  271. Nair DG, Hutchinson S, Fregni F, Alexander M, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Imaging correlates of motor recovery from cerebral infarction and their physiological significance in well-recovered patients. Neuroimage. 2007 Jan 1; 34(1):253-63.
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  272. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Bermpohl F, Maia F, Rigonatti SP, Barbosa ER, Pascual-Leone A. Immediate placebo effect in Parkinson's disease--is the subjective relief accompanied by objective improvement? Eur Neurol. 2006; 56(4):222-9.
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  273. Knoch D, Pascual-Leone A, Meyer K, Treyer V, Fehr E. Diminishing reciprocal fairness by disrupting the right prefrontal cortex. Science. 2006 Nov 3; 314(5800):829-32.
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  274. Fregni F, Otachi PT, Do Valle A, Boggio PS, Thut G, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. A randomized clinical trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with refractory epilepsy. Ann Neurol. 2006 Oct; 60(4):447-55.
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  275. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Santos MC, Lima M, Vieira AL, Rigonatti SP, Silva MT, Barbosa ER, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive cortical stimulation with transcranial direct current stimulation in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2006 Oct; 21(10):1693-702.
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  276. Valero-Cabré A, Payne BR, Pascual-Leone A. Opposite impact on 14C-2-deoxyglucose brain metabolism following patterns of high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the posterior parietal cortex. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Feb; 176(4):603-15.
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  277. Thut G, Nietzel A, Brandt SA, Pascual-Leone A. Alpha-band electroencephalographic activity over occipital cortex indexes visuospatial attention bias and predicts visual target detection. J Neurosci. 2006 Sep 13; 26(37):9494-502.
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  278. Camprodon JA, Martínez-Raga J, Alonso-Alonso M, Shih MC, Pascual-Leone A. One session of high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the right prefrontal cortex transiently reduces cocaine craving. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Jan 5; 86(1):91-4.
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  279. Fregni F, Marcondes R, Boggio PS, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Sanchez TG, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Transient tinnitus suppression induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation. Eur J Neurol. 2006 Sep; 13(9):996-1001.
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  280. Rosa MA, Gattaz WF, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F, Rosa MO, Rumi DO, Myczkowski M, Silva MF, Mansur C, Rigonatti SP, Jacobsen Teixeira M, Marcolin MA. Comparison of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy in unipolar non-psychotic refractory depression: a randomized, single-blind study. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Dec; 9(6):667-76.
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  281. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Gaab N, Alsop D, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Attentional modulation of emotional stimulus processing: an fMRI study using emotional expectancy. Hum Brain Mapp. 2006 Aug; 27(8):662-77.
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  282. Boggio PS, Ferrucci R, Rigonatti SP, Covre P, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on working memory in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Sci. 2006 Nov 1; 249(1):31-8.
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  283. Pastor MA, Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of steady-state auditory evoked potentials by cerebellar rTMS. Exp Brain Res. 2006 Nov; 175(4):702-9.
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  284. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Valle AC, Rocha RR, Duarte J, Ferreira MJ, Wagner T, Fecteau S, Rigonatti SP, Riberto M, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A. A sham-controlled trial of a 5-day course of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Stroke. 2006 Aug; 37(8):2115-22.
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  285. Ives JR, Rotenberg A, Poma R, Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Electroencephalographic recording during transcranial magnetic stimulation in humans and animals. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Aug; 117(8):1870-5.
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  286. Knoch D, Gianotti LR, Pascual-Leone A, Treyer V, Regard M, Hohmann M, Brugger P. Disruption of right prefrontal cortex by low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation induces risk-taking behavior. J Neurosci. 2006 Jun 14; 26(24):6469-72.
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  287. Fregni F, Ono CR, Santos CM, Bermpohl F, Buchpiguel C, Barbosa ER, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. Effects of antidepressant treatment with rTMS and fluoxetine on brain perfusion in PD. Neurology. 2006 Jun 13; 66(11):1629-37.
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  288. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Valle AC, Otachi P, Thut G, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fiore L, Valente K. Homeostatic effects of plasma valproate levels on corticospinal excitability changes induced by 1Hz rTMS in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Jun; 117(6):1217-27.
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  289. Patrizi F, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Novel therapeutic approaches to the treatment of chronic abdominal visceral pain. ScientificWorldJournal. 2006; 6:472-90.
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  290. Marcondes R, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Tinnitus and brain activation: insights from transcranial magnetic stimulation. Ear Nose Throat J. 2006 Apr; 85(4):233-4, 236-8.
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  291. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche MA, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of major depression with transcranial direct current stimulation. Bipolar Disord. 2006 Apr; 8(2):203-4.
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  292. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Lima MC, Ferreira MJ, Wagner T, Rigonatti SP, Castro AW, Souza DR, Riberto M, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. A sham-controlled, phase II trial of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of central pain in traumatic spinal cord injury. Pain. 2006 May; 122(1-2):197-209.
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  293. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Hand motor recovery after stroke: tuning the orchestra to improve hand motor function. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2006 Mar; 19(1):21-33.
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  294. Wagner T, Fregni F, Eden U, Ramos-Estebanez C, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and stroke: a computer-based human model study. Neuroimage. 2006 Apr 15; 30(3):857-70.
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  295. Fregni F, Thome-Souza S, Nitsche MA, Freedman SD, Valente KD, Pascual-Leone A. A controlled clinical trial of cathodal DC polarization in patients with refractory epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2006 Feb; 47(2):335-42.
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  296. Machii K, Cohen D, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of rTMS to non-motor cortical areas in healthy participants and patients. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Feb; 117(2):455-71.
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  297. Pascual-Leone A. Dysartria in Parkinson’s disease. Journal Watch – NEJM. 2006.
  298. Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. Paradoxical facilitation of attention in healthy humans. Behav Neurol. 2006; 17(3-4):159-62.
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  299. Carey JR, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS combined with motor learning training in healthy subjects. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2006; 24(3):191-9.
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  300. Pascual-Leone A. Disrupting the brain to guide plasticity and improve behavior. Prog Brain Res. 2006; 157:315-329.
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  301. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche MA, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A. Cognitive effects of repeated sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with depression. Depress Anxiety. 2006; 23(8):482-4.
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  302. Steven MS, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and the Human Brain: An Ethical Evaluation. In, Illes J (ed) 21st: Century Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Research, Practice and Policy. 2006.
  303. Pascual-Leone A. Disrupting the brain to guide plasticity and improve behavior. In, Moller A.R. (ed) Reprogramming the Brain. Progress in Brain Research 157. 2006; 316-329.
  304. Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Cortical plasticity: the effects of sensory deprivation. In, Rosen G (ed) The dyslexic brain: neuroscientific insights for reading theory and intervention. 2006.
  305. Walsh V, Desmond JE, Pascual-Leone A. Manipulating brains. Behav Neurol. 2006; 17(3-4):131-4.
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  306. Bermpohl F, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Thut G, Northoff G, Otachi PT, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. Effect of low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation on an affective go/no-go task in patients with major depression: role of stimulation site and depression severity. Psychiatry Res. 2006 Jan 30; 141(1):1-13.
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  307. Amedi A, Malach R, Pascual-Leone A. Negative BOLD differentiates visual imagery and perception. Neuron. 2005 Dec 8; 48(5):859-72.
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  308. Cohen DA, Pascual-Leone A, Press DZ, Robertson EM. Off-line learning of motor skill memory: a double dissociation of goal and movement. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 13; 102(50):18237-41.
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  309. Fregni F, DaSilva D, Potvin K, Ramos-Estebanez C, Cohen D, Pascual-Leone A, Freedman SD. Treatment of chronic visceral pain with brain stimulation. Ann Neurol. 2005 Dec; 58(6):971-2.
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  310. Candia V, Rosset-Llobet J, Elbert T, Pascual-Leone A. Changing the brain through therapy for musicians' hand dystonia. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Dec; 1060:335-42.
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  311. Fregni F, Simon DK, Wu A, Pascual-Leone A. Non-invasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2005 Dec; 76(12):1614-23.
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  312. Fregni F, Marcolin MA, Myczkowski M, Amiaz R, Hasey G, Rumi DO, Rosa M, Rigonatti SP, Camprodon J, Walpoth M, Heaslip J, Grunhaus L, Hausmann A, Pascual-Leone A. Predictors of antidepressant response in clinical trials of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Dec; 9(6):641-54.
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  313. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Gaab N, Alsop D, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Dissociable networks for the expectancy and perception of emotional stimuli in the human brain. Neuroimage. 2006 Apr 1; 30(2):588-600.
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  314. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2005 Nov; 30(6):434; author reply 434-5.
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  315. Grossman ED, Battelli L, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive TMS over posterior STS disrupts perception of biological motion. Vision Res. 2005 Oct; 45(22):2847-53.
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  316. Fregni F, O'Connor M, Pascual-Leone A. ECT and rTMS for depression. Br J Psychiatry. 2005 Oct; 187:386; author reply 386-7.
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  317. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression in neurologic disorders. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2005 Oct; 7(5):381-90.
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  318. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Mansur CG, Wagner T, Ferreira MJ, Lima MC, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Neuroreport. 2005 Sep 28; 16(14):1551-5.
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  319. Fregni F, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for epilepsy: can it also improve depression and vice versa? Epilepsy Behav. 2005 Sep; 7(2):182-9.
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  320. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Bermpohl F, Mansur CG, Rosa M, Rumi DO, Barbosa ER, Odebrecht Rosa M, Pascual-Leone A, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Araujo Silva MT. Effect of repetitive TMS and fluoxetine on cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease and concurrent depression. Mov Disord. 2005 Sep; 20(9):1178-84.
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  321. Press DZ, Casement MD, Pascual-Leone A, Robertson EM. The time course of off-line motor sequence learning. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Sep; 25(1):375-8.
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  322. Heinzel A, Bermpohl F, Niese R, Pfennig A, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G, Northoff G. How do we modulate our emotions? Parametric fMRI reveals cortical midline structures as regions specifically involved in the processing of emotional valences. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Sep; 25(1):348-58.
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  323. Robertson EM, Press DZ, Pascual-Leone A. Off-line learning and the primary motor cortex. J Neurosci. 2005 Jul 6; 25(27):6372-8.
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  324. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche M, Bermpohl F, Antal A, Feredoes E, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Silva MT, Paulus W, Pascual-Leone A. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of prefrontal cortex enhances working memory. Exp Brain Res. 2005 Sep; 166(1):23-30.
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  325. Fregni F, Thome-Souza S, Bermpohl F, Marcolin MA, Herzog A, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. Antiepileptic effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with cortical malformations: an EEG and clinical study. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2005; 83(2-3):57-62.
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  326. Ramos-Estebanez C, Machii K and Pascual-Leone A. TMS. CNSforum. 2005.
  327. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Seekins H, Helm-Estabrooks N, Cayer-Meade C, Kobayashi M, Theoret H, Fregni F, Tormos JM, Kurland J, Doron KW, Pascual-Leone A. Improved naming after TMS treatments in a chronic, global aphasia patient--case report. Neurocase. 2005 Jun; 11(3):182-93.
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  328. Mansur CG, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Riberto M, Gallucci-Neto J, Santos CM, Wagner T, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. A sham stimulation-controlled trial of rTMS of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Neurology. 2005 May 24; 64(10):1802-4.
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  329. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation. Br J Psychiatry. 2005 May; 186:446-7.
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  330. Sack AT, Camprodon JA, Pascual-Leone A, Goebel R. The dynamics of interhemispheric compensatory processes in mental imagery. Science. 2005 Apr 29; 308(5722):702-4.
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  331. Bermpohl F, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Thut G, Northoff G, Otachi PT, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. Left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation impairs performance in affective go/no-go task. Neuroreport. 2005 Apr 25; 16(6):615-9.
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  332. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Seekins H, Kobayashi M, Theoret H, Fregni F, Maria-Tormos J, Kurland J, Doron KW, Pascual-Leone A. Improved picture naming in chronic aphasia after TMS to part of right Broca's area: an open-protocol study. Brain Lang. 2005 Apr; 93(1):95-105.
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  333. Fregni F, Monte-Silva KK, Oliveira MB, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Guedes RC. Lasting accelerative effects of 1 Hz and 20 Hz electrical stimulation on cortical spreading depression: relevance for clinical applications of brain stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Apr; 21(8):2278-84.
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  334. Fierro B, Brighina F, Vitello G, Piazza A, Scalia S, Giglia G, Daniele O, Pascual-Leone A. Modulatory effects of low- and high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on visual cortex of healthy subjects undergoing light deprivation. J Physiol. 2005 Jun 1; 565(Pt 2):659-65.
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  335. Kahn I, Pascual-Leone A, Theoret H, Fregni F, Clark D, Wagner AD. Transient disruption of ventrolateral prefrontal cortex during verbal encoding affects subsequent memory performance. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Jul; 94(1):688-98.
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  336. Thut G, Ives JR, Kampmann F, Pastor MA, Pascual-Leone A. A new device and protocol for combining TMS and online recordings of EEG and evoked potentials. J Neurosci Methods. 2005 Feb 15; 141(2):207-17.
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  337. Théoret H, Halligan E, Kobayashi M, Fregni F, Tager-Flusberg H, Pascual-Leone A. Impaired motor facilitation during action observation in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Curr Biol. 2005 Feb 8; 15(3):R84-5.
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  338. Valero-Cabré A, Payne BR, Rushmore J, Lomber SG, Pascual-Leone A. Impact of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the parietal cortex on metabolic brain activity: a 14C-2DG tracing study in the cat. Exp Brain Res. 2005 May; 163(1):1-12.
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  339. Blanke O, Mohr C, Michel CM, Pascual-Leone A, Brugger P, Seeck M, Landis T, Thut G. Linking out-of-body experience and self processing to mental own-body imagery at the temporoparietal junction. J Neurosci. 2005 Jan 19; 25(3):550-7.
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  340. Fregni F, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment of Epilepsy: Can it also Improve Depression and Vice-versa?. Epilepsy Research. 2005; 2(7):182-189.
  341. Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Fregni F, Merabet LB. The plastic human brain cortex. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2005; 28:377-401.
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  342. Amedi A, Merabet LB, Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A. The Occipital Cortex in the Blind Lessons About Plasticity and Vision. Curr Dir Psychol Sciences. 2005; 6(14):306-311.
  343. Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and Migraine. Journal Watch – NEJM. 2005; 3(7):23-24.
  344. Merabet LB, Rizzo JF, Amedi A, Somers DC, Pascual-Leone A. What blindness can tell us about seeing again: merging neuroplasticity and neuroprostheses. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2005 Jan; 6(1):71-7.
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  345. Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A. Impact of TMS on the primary motor cortex and associated spinal systems. IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag. 2005 Jan-Feb; 24(1):29-35.
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  346. Martín MA, Serradas P, Ramos S, Fernández E, Goya L, Gangnerau MN, Lacorne M, Pascual-Leone AM, Escrivá F, Portha B, Alvarez C. Protein-caloric food restriction affects insulin-like growth factor system in fetal Wistar rat. Endocrinology. 2005 Mar; 146(3):1364-71.
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  347. Gangitano M, Mottaghy FM, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of premotor mirror neuron activity during observation of unpredictable grasping movements. Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Oct; 20(8):2193-202.
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  348. Tremblay C, Robert M, Pascual-Leone A, Lepore F, Nguyen DK, Carmant L, Bouthillier A, Théoret H. Action observation and execution: intracranial recordings in a human subject. Neurology. 2004 Sep 14; 63(5):937-8.
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  349. Wagner TA, Zahn M, Grodzinsky AJ, Pascual-Leone A. Three-dimensional head model simulation of transcranial magnetic stimulation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2004 Sep; 51(9):1586-98.
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  350. Thut G, Nietzel A, Pascual-Leone A. Dorsal posterior parietal rTMS affects voluntary orienting of visuospatial attention. Cereb Cortex. 2005 May; 15(5):628-38.
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  351. Fregni F, Santos CM, Myczkowski ML, Rigolino R, Gallucci-Neto J, Barbosa ER, Valente KD, Pascual-Leone A, Marcolin MA. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is as effective as fluoxetine in the treatment of depression in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Aug; 75(8):1171-4.
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  352. Bernabeu M, Orient F, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Seizure induced by fast repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2004 Jul; 115(7):1714-5.
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  353. Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A, Miall RC. Current concepts in procedural consolidation. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2004 Jul; 5(7):576-82.
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  354. Hausmann A, Pascual-Leone A, Kemmler G, Rupp CI, Lechner-Schoner T, Kramer-Reinstadler K, Walpoth M, Mechtcheriakov S, Conca A, Weiss EM. No deterioration of cognitive performance in an aggressive unilateral and bilateral antidepressant rTMS add-on trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2004 Jun; 65(6):772-82.
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  355. Théoret H, Kobayashi M, Merabet L, Wagner T, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of right motor cortex excitability without awareness following presentation of masked self-images. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2004 Jun; 20(1):54-7.
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  356. Merabet LB, Maguire D, Warde A, Alterescu K, Stickgold R, Pascual-Leone A. Visual hallucinations during prolonged blindfolding in sighted subjects. J Neuroophthalmol. 2004 Jun; 24(2):109-13.
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  357. Schiffer F, Mottaghy FM, Pandey Vimal RL, Renshaw PF, Cowan R, Pascual-Leone A, Teicher M, Valente E, Rohan M. Lateral visual field stimulation reveals extrastriate cortical activation in the contralateral hemisphere: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Res. 2004 May 30; 131(1):1-9.
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  358. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Theoret H, Tormos JM, Nicholas M, Kurland J, Fregni F, Seekins H, Doron K, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation as a complementary treatment for aphasia. Semin Speech Lang. 2004 May; 25(2):181-91.
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  359. Hamilton RH, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Absolute pitch in blind musicians. Neuroreport. 2004 Apr 9; 15(5):803-6.
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  360. Merabet L, Thut G, Murray B, Andrews J, Hsiao S, Pascual-Leone A. Feeling by sight or seeing by touch? Neuron. 2004 Apr 8; 42(1):173-9.
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  361. Oliveri M, Finocchiaro C, Shapiro K, Gangitano M, Caramazza A, Pascual-Leone A. All talk and no action: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study of motor cortex activation during action word production. J Cogn Neurosci. 2004 Apr; 16(3):374-81.
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  362. Northoff G, Heinzel A, Bermpohl F, Niese R, Pfennig A, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction. Hum Brain Mapp. 2004 Mar; 21(3):202-12.
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  363. Fregni F, Merabet L, Pascual-Leone A, Marcolin MA. Modulation in motor threshold after a severe episode of gastrointestinal distress. J ECT. 2004 Mar; 20(1):50-1.
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  364. Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A, Press DZ. Awareness modifies the skill-learning benefits of sleep. Curr Biol. 2004 Feb 3; 14(3):208-12.
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  365. Théoret H, Halligan E, Kobayashi M, Merabet L, Pascual-Leone A. Unconscious modulation of motor cortex excitability revealed with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 2004 Mar; 155(2):261-4.
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  366. Kobayashi M, Hutchinson S, Théoret H, Schlaug G, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive TMS of the motor cortex improves ipsilateral sequential simple finger movements. Neurology. 2004 Jan 13; 62(1):91-8.
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  367. Wagner T, Gangitano M, Romero R, Théoret H, Kobayashi M, Anschel D, Ives J, Cuffin N, Schomer D, Pascual-Leone A. Intracranial measurement of current densities induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation in the human brain. Neurosci Lett. 2004 Jan 9; 354(2):91-4.
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  368. Merabet L, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A. Activation of the Visual Cortex by Braille Reading in Blind Subjects. In, Lomber S and Eggermont JJ (ed) Reprogramming Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions. 2004.
  369. Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitve transcranial magnetic stimulation. In, Lueders H. (Ed.): Deep Brain Stimulation and Epilepsy. 2004.
  370. Théoret H, Merabet L, Pascual-Leone A. Behavioral and neuroplastic changes in the blind: evidence for functionally relevant cross-modal interactions. J Physiol Paris. 2004 Jan-Jun; 98(1-3):221-33.
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  371. Martín MA, Fernández E, Pascual-Leone AM, Escrivá F, Alvarez C. Protein calorie restriction has opposite effects on glucose metabolism and insulin gene expression in fetal and adult rat endocrine pancreas. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Apr; 286(4):E542-50.
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  372. Kobayashi M, Hutchinson S, Schlaug G, Pascual-Leone A. Ipsilateral motor cortex activation on functional magnetic resonance imaging during unilateral hand movements is related to interhemispheric interactions. Neuroimage. 2003 Dec; 20(4):2259-70.
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  373. Anschel DJ, Pascual-Leone A, Holmes GL. Anti-kindling effect of slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in rats. Neurosci Lett. 2003 Nov 6; 351(1):9-12.
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  374. Thut G, Northoff G, Ives JR, Kamitani Y, Pfennig A, Kampmann F, Schomer DL, Pascual-Leone A. Effects of single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on functional brain activity: a combined event-related TMS and evoked potential study. Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 114(11):2071-80.
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  375. Robertson EM, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Studies in cognition: the problems solved and created by transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Cogn Neurosci. 2003 Oct 1; 15(7):948-60.
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  376. Merabet LB, Kobayashi M, Barton J, Pascual-Leone A. Suppression of complex visual hallucinatory experiences by occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation: a case report. Neurocase. 2003 Oct; 9(5):436-40.
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  377. Cahn SD, Herzog AG, Pascual-Leone A. Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation: effects of hemispheric laterality, gender, and handedness in normal controls. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Sep-Oct; 20(5):371-4.
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  378. Pascual-Leone AM, Ramos S, Goya L, Alvarez C, Escrivá F, Obregón MJ. Age-dependent adaptation of the liver thyroid status and recovery of serum levels and hepatic insulin-like growth factor-I expression in neonatal and adult diabetic rats. Metabolism. 2003 Sep; 52(9):1117-25.
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  379. Belmaker B, Fitzgerald P, George MS, Lisanby SH, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaepfer TE, Wassermann E. Managing the risks of repetitive transcranial stimulation. CNS Spectr. 2003 Jul; 8(7):489.
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  380. Maeda F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: studying motor neurophysiology of psychiatric disorders. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2003 Aug; 168(4):359-76.
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  381. Mottaghy FM, Gangitano M, Horkan C, Chen Y, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Repetitive TMS temporarily alters brain diffusion. Neurology. 2003 May 13; 60(9):1539-41.
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  382. Merabet LB, Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation as an investigative tool in the study of visual function. Optom Vis Sci. 2003 May; 80(5):356-68.
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  383. Payne BR, Lomber SG, Rushmore RJ, Pascual-Leone A. Cancellation of visuoparietal lesion-induced spatial neglect. Exp Brain Res. 2003 Jun; 150(3):395-8.
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  384. Liederman J, McGraw Fisher J, Schulz M, Maxwell C, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. The role of motion direction selective extrastriate regions in reading: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Brain Lang. 2003 Apr; 85(1):140-55.
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  385. Mottaghy FM, Gangitano M, Krause BJ, Pascual-Leone A. Chronometry of parietal and prefrontal activations in verbal working memory revealed by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroimage. 2003 Mar; 18(3):565-75.
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  386. Kobayashi M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in neurology. Lancet Neurol. 2003 Mar; 2(3):145-56.
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  387. Thut G, Théoret H, Pfennig A, Ives J, Kampmann F, Northoff G, Pascual-Leone A. Differential effects of low-frequency rTMS at the occipital pole on visual-induced alpha desynchronization and visual-evoked potentials. Neuroimage. 2003 Feb; 18(2):334-47.
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  388. Mottaghy FM, Pascual-Leone A, Kemna LJ, Töpper R, Herzog H, Müller-Gärtner HW, Krause BJ. Modulation of a brain-behavior relationship in verbal working memory by rTMS. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2003 Feb; 15(3):241-9.
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  389. Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A. Prefrontal cortex: procedural sequence learning and awareness. Curr Biol. 2003 Jan 21; 13(2):R65-7.
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  390. Kobayashi M, Ng J, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of intracortical neuronal circuits in human hand motor area by digit stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 2003 Mar; 149(1):1-8.
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  391. Galaburda AM, Pascual-Leone A. Plasticity and behavior. In, Feinberg T and Farah M. (Ed.): Behavioral Neurology, 2nd Ed. 2003.
  392. Pascual-Leone A . La TMS pour experimenter sur le cerveau sans danger. Le Bulletin, Fondation Ipsen. 2003; (18):2-3.
  393. Pascual-Leone A., Walsh V. Transcranial magnetic stimulation studies of asymmetry of cognitive functions in the brain. In, Hugdahl K. and Davidson R.J. (Eds): The Asymmetrical Brain. 2003.
  394. Pascual-Leone A, Walsh V. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. In, Mazziotta J, Toga A. (Ed.): Brain Mapping: The Methods. 2003.
  395. Robertson E, Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Skill Learning. In, Boniface S and Ziemann U (Eds.) Plasticity in the Human Nervous System. Investigations with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. 2003.
  396. Pascual-Leone A, Theoret H, Merabet L. Tactile processing in the visual cortex. In, Ballesteros S and Heller M (Eds.) Touch, Blindnesss and Neuroscience. 2003.
  397. Théoret H, Kobayashi M, Valero-Cabré A, Pascual-Leone A. Exploring paradoxical functional facilitation with TMS. Suppl Clin Neurophysiol. 2003; 56:211-9.
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  398. Pascual-Leone A. The Brain that Plays Music and is Changed by It. In, Peretz I and Zatorre R (ed) The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music. 2003.
  399. Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A. Neurochronometrics of Mind: Transcranial magnetic stimulation in Cognitive Science. 2003.
  400. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to treat Parkinson Disease. Journal Watch – NEJM. 2003; 10(5):73-74.
  401. Pascual-Leone A, Merabet L, Theoret H. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Probing Human Brain Function non-invasively. In, Adelman G and Smith B (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (3rd edition). 2003.
  402. Pascual-Leone A. Plasticity. In, Aminoff M and Daroff R (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Neurological Sciences. 2003.
  403. Hutchinson S, Kobayashi M, Horkan CM, Pascual-Leone A, Alexander MP, Schlaug G. Age-related differences in movement representation. Neuroimage. 2002 Dec; 17(4):1720-8.
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  404. Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Language acquisition: do as you hear. Curr Biol. 2002 Oct 29; 12(21):R736-7.
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  405. Fernandez E, Alfaro A, Tormos JM, Climent R, Martínez M, Vilanova H, Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A. Mapping of the human visual cortex using image-guided transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Res Brain Res Protoc. 2002 Oct; 10(2):115-24.
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  406. Obhi SS, Haggard P, Taylor J, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS to the supplementary motor area disrupts bimanual coordination. Motor Control. 2002 Oct; 6(4):319-32.
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  407. Mottaghy FM, Keller CE, Gangitano M, Ly J, Thall M, Parker JA, Pascual-Leone A. Correlation of cerebral blood flow and treatment effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in depressed patients. Psychiatry Res. 2002 Aug 20; 115(1-2):1-14.
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  408. Gangitano M, Valero-Cabré A, Tormos JM, Mottaghy FM, Romero JR, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of input-output curves by low and high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex. Clin Neurophysiol. 2002 Aug; 113(8):1249-57.
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  409. Knecht S, Flöel A, Dräger B, Breitenstein C, Sommer J, Henningsen H, Ringelstein EB, Pascual-Leone A. Degree of language lateralization determines susceptibility to unilateral brain lesions. Nat Neurosci. 2002 Jul; 5(7):695-9.
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  410. Lin KL, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and its applications in children. Chang Gung Med J. 2002 Jul; 25(7):424-36.
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  411. Pascual-Leone A, Manoach DS, Birnbaum R, Goff DC. Motor cortical excitability in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Jul 1; 52(1):24-31.
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  412. Simon DK, Lin MT, Pascual-Leone A. "Nature versus nurture" and incompletely penetrant mutations. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002 Jun; 72(6):686-9.
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  413. Sparing R, Mottaghy FM, Ganis G, Thompson WL, Töpper R, Kosslyn SM, Pascual-Leone A. Visual cortex excitability increases during visual mental imagery--a TMS study in healthy human subjects. Brain Res. 2002 May 31; 938(1-2):92-7.
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  414. Lin KL, Kobayashi M, Pascual-Leone A. Effects of musical training on speech-induced modulation in corticospinal excitability. Neuroreport. 2002 May 7; 13(6):899-902.
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  415. Kauffman T, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Braille character discrimination in blindfolded human subjects. Neuroreport. 2002 Apr 16; 13(5):571-4.
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  416. Mottaghy FM, Gangitano M, Sparing R, Krause BJ, Pascual-Leone A. Segregation of areas related to visual working memory in the prefrontal cortex revealed by rTMS. Cereb Cortex. 2002 Apr; 12(4):369-75.
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  417. Maeda F, Gangitano M, Thall M, Pascual-Leone A. Inter- and intra-individual variability of paired-pulse curves with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Clin Neurophysiol. 2002 Mar; 113(3):376-82.
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  418. Schiffer F, Stinchfield Z, Pascual-Leone A. Prediction of clinical response to transcranial magnetic stimulation for depression by baseline lateral visual-field stimulation. Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 2002 Mar; 15(1):18-27.
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  419. Maeda F, Kleiner-Fisman G, Pascual-Leone A. Motor facilitation while observing hand actions: specificity of the effect and role of observer's orientation. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Mar; 87(3):1329-35.
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  420. Ramos S, Goya L, Martín MA, Escrivá F, Pascual-Leone AM. Influence of hypothyroidism on circulating concentrations and liver expression of IGF-binding proteins mRNA from neonatal and adult rats. J Endocrinol. 2002 Feb; 172(2):363-73.
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  421. Chowen JA, Goya L, Ramos S, Busiguina S, García-Segura LM, Argente J, Pascual-Leone AM. Effects of early undernutrition on the brain insulin-like growth factor-I system. J Neuroendocrinol. 2002 Feb; 14(2):163-9.
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  422. Simon DK, Lin MT, Pascual-Leone A . ‘Nature vs nurture’ and incompletely penetrant mutations. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002; 6(72):686-689.
  423. Pascual-Leone A., Hamilton R. Metamodal Cortical Processing in the Occipital Cortex of Blind and Sighted Subjects. In, Lomber S.G. and Galuske R. (Eds): Virtual Lesions: Understanding Perception and Cognition with Reversible Deactivation Technique. 2002.
  424. Romero JR, Anschel D, Sparing R, Gangitano M, Pascual-Leone A. Subthreshold low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation selectively decreases facilitation in the motor cortex. Clin Neurophysiol. 2002 Jan; 113(1):101-7.
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  425. Theoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the study of cognition. In, Hugdahl K. (Ed.): Experimental Methods in Neuropsychology. 2002.
  426. Pascual-Leone A., Davey N. Wassermann EM, Rothwell J, Puri B . Handbook of transcranial magnetic stimulation. 2002.
  427. Maeda, F., Takei, S. Mimura, M., Pascual-Leone A. Current use of ECT and TMS. Seishinka Chiryougaku [J Psychiatr Ther]. 2002; 4(17):477-490.
  428. Théoret H, Kobayashi M, Ganis G, Di Capua P, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of human area MT/V5 disrupts perception and storage of the motion aftereffect. Neuropsychologia. 2002; 40(13):2280-7.
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  429. Sanger TD, Pascual-Leone A, Tarsy D, Schlaug G. Nonlinear sensory cortex response to simultaneous tactile stimuli in writer's cramp. Mov Disord. 2002 Jan; 17(1):105-11.
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  430. Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A. Case studies in virtual neuropsychology: reversible lesions and magnetic brain stimulation. In, Lomber S.G. and Galuske R. (Eds): Virtual Lesions: Understanding Perception and Cognition with Reversible Deactivation Technique. 2002.
  431. Rosa M, Thall M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. CNSforum (http://130.227.160.49:80/cp/en/cnsforum/) Non-psychopharmacologic treatments in psychiatry . 2002.
  432. Valero-Cabré A, Oliveri M, Gangitano M, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of spinal cord excitability by subthreshold repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the primary motor cortex in humans. Neuroreport. 2001 Dec 4; 12(17):3845-8.
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  433. Goya L, de la Puente A, Ramos S, Martín MA, Escrivá F, Alvarez C, Pascual-Leone AM. Regulation of IGF-I and -II by insulin in primary cultures of fetal rat hepatocytes. Endocrinology. 2001 Dec; 142(12):5089-96.
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  434. Gomez Beldarrain M, Grafman J, Ruiz de Velasco I, Pascual-Leone A, Garcia-Monco C, Gafman J. Prefrontal lesions impair the implicit and explicit learning of sequences on visuomotor tasks. Exp Brain Res. 2002 Feb; 142(4):529-38.
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  435. Ramos S, Goya L, Alvarez C, Martín MA, Agote M, Escrivá F, Pascual-Leone AM. Different role of insulin in GLUT-1 and -4 regulation in heart and skeletal muscle during perinatal hypothyroidism. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Nov; 281(5):E1073-81.
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  436. Agote M, Goya L, Ramos S, Alvarez C, Gavete ML, Pascual-Leone AM, Escrivá F. Glucose uptake and glucose transporter proteins in skeletal muscle from undernourished rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Nov; 281(5):E1101-9.
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  437. García-Toro M, Pascual-Leone A, Romera M, González A, Micó J, Ibarra O, Arnillas H, Capllonch I, Mayol A, Tormos JM. Prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as add on treatment in depression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2001 Oct; 71(4):546-8.
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  438. Gugino LD, Romero JR, Aglio L, Titone D, Ramirez M, Pascual-Leone A, Grimson E, Weisenfeld N, Kikinis R, Shenton ME. Transcranial magnetic stimulation coregistered with MRI: a comparison of a guided versus blind stimulation technique and its effect on evoked compound muscle action potentials. Clin Neurophysiol. 2001 Oct; 112(10):1781-92.
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  439. Hilgetag CC, Théoret H, Pascual-Leone A. Enhanced visual spatial attention ipsilateral to rTMS-induced 'virtual lesions' of human parietal cortex. Nat Neurosci. 2001 Sep; 4(9):953-7.
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  440. Kobayashi M, Théoret H, Mottaghy FM, Gangitano M, Pascual-Leone A. Intracortical inhibition and facilitation in human facial motor area: difference between upper and lower facial area. Clin Neurophysiol. 2001 Sep; 112(9):1604-11.
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  441. Aláez C, Calvo R, Obregón MJ, Alvarez C, Goya L, Escrivá F, Martín MA, Pascual-Leone AM. Influence of type II 5' deiodinase on TSH content in diabetic rats. J Physiol Biochem. 2001 Sep; 57(3):221-30.
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  442. Shapiro KA, Pascual-Leone A, Mottaghy FM, Gangitano M, Caramazza A. Grammatical distinctions in the left frontal cortex. J Cogn Neurosci. 2001 Aug 15; 13(6):713-20.
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  443. Herzog AG, Friedman MN, Freund S, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation evidence of a potential role for progesterone in the modulation of premenstrual corticocortical inhibition in a woman with catamenial seizure exacerbation. Epilepsy Behav. 2001 Aug; 2(4):367-9.
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  444. Robertson EM, Tormos JM, Maeda F, Pascual-Leone A. The role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during sequence learning is specific for spatial information. Cereb Cortex. 2001 Jul; 11(7):628-35.
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  445. Théoret H, Haque J, Pascual-Leone A. Increased variability of paced finger tapping accuracy following repetitive magnetic stimulation of the cerebellum in humans. Neurosci Lett. 2001 Jun 22; 306(1-2):29-32.
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  446. Pascual-Leone A. The brain that plays music and is changed by it. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001 Jun; 930:315-29.
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  447. Gangitano M, Mottaghy FM, Pascual-Leone A. Phase-specific modulation of cortical motor output during movement observation. Neuroreport. 2001 May 25; 12(7):1489-92.
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  448. Pascual-Leone A, Walsh V. Fast backprojections from the motion to the primary visual area necessary for visual awareness. Science. 2001 Apr 20; 292(5516):510-2.
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  449. Robertson EM, Pascual-Leone A. Aspects of sensory guidance in sequence learning. Exp Brain Res. 2001 Apr; 137(3-4):336-45.
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  450. Ramos S, Goya L, Alvarez C, Martín MA, Pascual-Leone AM. Effect of thyroxine administration on the IGF/IGF binding protein system in neonatal and adult thyroidectomized rats. J Endocrinol. 2001 Apr; 169(1):111-22.
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  451. Keenan JP, Nelson A, O'Connor M, Pascual-Leone A. Self-recognition and the right hemisphere. Nature. 2001 Jan 18; 409(6818):305.
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  452. Pascual-Leone PA, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. La bateria de afasias Western, 2. Ed. 2001.
  453. Pascual-Leone A. Half or Double?. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 2001; 3(5):133-134.
  454. Pascual-Leone A, Hamilton R. The metamodal organization of the brain. Prog Brain Res. 2001; 134:427-45.
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  455. Sanger TD, Tarsy D, Pascual-Leone A. Abnormalities of spatial and temporal sensory discrimination in writer's cramp. Mov Disord. 2001 Jan; 16(1):94-9.
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  456. Pascual-Leone A., Hamilton R. The Metamodal Organization of the Brain. In, Casanova C. and Ptito M. (Eds): Vision: From neurons to cognition, Progr. Brain Res. Vol 134. 2001; 427-445.
  457. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a new tool in the treatment of depression?. Rev Psiq Clin. 2001; 28(5):253-265.
  458. Pascual-Leone A. The Brain that Plays Music and is Changed by It. In, Zatorre R and Peretz I (ed) Music and the Brain. 2001.
  459. Walter G, Tormos JM, Israel JA, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in young persons: a review of known cases. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2001; 11(1):69-75.
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  460. : J. Ives and A. Pascual-Leone. “Method and Apparatus for Recording an Electroencephalogram During Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation”. 2000.
  461. De La Puente A, Goya L, Ramos S, Martín MA, Alvarez C, Escrivá F, Pascual-Leone AM. Effects of experimental diabetes on renal IGF/IGFBP system during neonatal period in the rat. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2000 Dec; 279(6):F1067-76.
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  462. Tactile spatial resolution in blind braille readers(1) Am J Ophthalmol. 2000 Oct; 130(4):542.
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  463. Keenan JP, Wheeler MA, Gallup GG, Pascual-Leone A. Self-recognition and the right prefrontal cortex. Trends Cogn Sci. 2000 Sep; 4(9):338-344.
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  464. Pujol J, Roset-Llobet J, Rosinés-Cubells D, Deus J, Narberhaus B, Valls-Solé J, Capdevila A, Pascual-Leone A. Brain cortical activation during guitar-induced hand dystonia studied by functional MRI. Neuroimage. 2000 Sep; 12(3):257-67.
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  465. Maeda F, Keenan JP, Pascual-Leone A. Interhemispheric asymmetry of motor cortical excitability in major depression as measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Br J Psychiatry. 2000 Aug; 177:169-73.
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  466. Maeda F, Keenan JP, Tormos JM, Topka H, Pascual-Leone A. Interindividual variability of the modulatory effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on cortical excitability. Exp Brain Res. 2000 Aug; 133(4):425-30.
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  467. Keenan JP, Ganis G, Freund S, Pascual-Leone A. Self-face identification is increased with left hand responses. Laterality. 2000 Jul; 5(3):259-68.
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  468. Van Boven RW, Hamilton RH, Kauffman T, Keenan JP, Pascual-Leone A. Tactile spatial resolution in blind braille readers. Neurology. 2000 Jun 27; 54(12):2230-6.
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  469. Bartrés-Faz D, Junqué C, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. [The application of transcranial magnetic stimulation in neuropsychological investigation]. Rev Neurol. 2000 Jun 16-30; 30(12):1169-74.
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  470. Alvarez C, Bailbe D, Picarel-Blanchot F, Bertin E, Pascual-Leone AM, Portha B. Effect of early dietary restriction on insulin action and secretion in the GK rat, a spontaneous model of NIDDM. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Jun; 278(6):E1097-103.
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  471. Maeda F, Keenan JP, Tormos JM, Topka H, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of corticospinal excitability by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2000 May; 111(5):800-5.
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  472. Pascual-Leone A, Walsh V, Rothwell J. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in cognitive neuroscience--virtual lesion, chronometry, and functional connectivity. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2000 Apr; 10(2):232-7.
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  473. Bartrés-Faz D, Tormos JM, Junqué C, Pascual-Leone A. [Transcranial magnetic stimulation: contribution to psychiatry and to the study of brain-behavior relationship]. Actas Esp Psiquiatr. 2000 Mar-Apr; 28(2):130-6.
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  474. Mottaghy FM, Krause BJ, Kemna LJ, Töpper R, Tellmann L, Beu M, Pascual-Leone A, Müller-Gärtner HW. Modulation of the neuronal circuitry subserving working memory in healthy human subjects by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurosci Lett. 2000 Feb 25; 280(3):167-70.
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  475. Murray BJ, Llinas R, Caplan LR, Scammell T, Pascual-Leone A. Cerebral deep venous thrombosis presenting as acute micrographia and hypophonia. Neurology. 2000 Feb 8; 54(3):751-3.
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  476. Hamilton R, Keenan JP, Catala M, Pascual-Leone A. Alexia for Braille following bilateral occipital stroke in an early blind woman. Neuroreport. 2000 Feb 7; 11(2):237-40.
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  477. Ganis G, Keenan JP, Kosslyn SM, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation of primary motor cortex affects mental rotation. Cereb Cortex. 2000 Feb; 10(2):175-80.
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  478. Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in Depression. In, Pallardó F (ed) Depresión: Estado Actual. 2000.
  479. Pascual-Leone A. Spatial Attention: Removing the healthy half restores the whole. Journal Watch – NEJM. 2000; (2):2-3.
  480. Hamilton R., Pascual-Leone A. The Brain Atlas. Trends in Neuroscience. 2000; (23):89.
  481. Fernandez E, Aranda I, Pascual-Leone A. Electrodo Intracortical de Utah: Bases Fisiológicas para el desarrollo de una Neuroprótesis Cortical. Visión. 2000; (16):11-14.
  482. Keenan JP, Wheeler MA, Gallup GG, Pascual-Leone A. Self-recognition and the right prefrontal cortex. Trend Cognitive Sci. 2000; (4):338-344.
  483. Keenan JP, Freund S, Hamilton RH, Ganis G, Pascual-Leone A. Hand response differences in a self-face identification task. Neuropsychologia. 2000; 38(7):1047-53.
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  484. Pascual-Leone A. Trancranial magnetic stimulation: Time to pay attention. Neuroreport. 2000; (11):F5-6.
  485. Maeda F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. McGraw Hill Year Book of Science and Technology. 2000.
  486. Pascual-Leone A, Walsh V, Rothwell J. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Cognitive Neuroscience: Virtual Lesion and Neurochronometry. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 2000; (10):232-237.
  487. Pascual-Leone A, Tormos JM. El movimiento de la emoción. In, Fernandez de Molina (ed) La Emoción. 2000.
  488. Keenan JP, McCutcheon B, Freund S, Gallup GG, Sanders G, Pascual-Leone A. Left hand advantage in a self-face recognition task. Neuropsychologia. 1999 Nov; 37(12):1421-5.
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  489. Goya L, de la Puente A, Ramos S, Martín MA, Escrivá F, Pascual-Leone AM. Regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I and -II by glucose in primary cultures of fetal rat hepatocytes. J Biol Chem. 1999 Aug 27; 274(35):24633-40.
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  490. Pascual-Leone A, Bartres-Faz D, Keenan JP. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: studying the brain-behaviour relationship by induction of 'virtual lesions'. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1999 Jul 29; 354(1387):1229-38.
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  491. Pascual-Leone A, Press D. [Cognitive and behavioral disorders in Parkinson disease]. Rev Neurol. 1999 Jul 16-31; 29(2):152-7.
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  492. Tormos JM, Catalá MD, Pascual-Leone A. [Transcranial magnetic stimulation]. Rev Neurol. 1999 Jul 16-31; 29(2):165-71.
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  493. Gómez Beldarrain M, Grafman J, Pascual-Leone A, Garcia-Monco JC. Procedural learning is impaired in patients with prefrontal lesions. Neurology. 1999 Jun 10; 52(9):1853-60.
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  494. Wassermann EM, Blaxton TA, Hoffman EA, Berry CD, Oletsky H, Pascual-Leone A, Theodore WH. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dominant hemisphere can disrupt visual naming in temporal lobe epilepsy patients. Neuropsychologia. 1999 May; 37(5):537-44.
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  495. Kosslyn SM, Pascual-Leone A, Felician O, Camposano S, Keenan JP, Thompson WL, Ganis G, Sukel KE, Alpert NM. The role of area 17 in visual imagery: convergent evidence from PET and rTMS. Science. 1999 Apr 2; 284(5411):167-70.
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  496. Siebner HR, Tormos JM, Ceballos-Baumann AO, Auer C, Catala MD, Conrad B, Pascual-Leone A. Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex in writer's cramp. Neurology. 1999 Feb; 52(3):529-37.
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  497. Pascual-Leone A, Tarazona F, Keenan J, Tormos JM, Hamilton R, Catala MD. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and neuroplasticity. Neuropsychologia. 1999 Feb; 37(2):207-17.
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  498. Tormos JM, Catala MD, Pascual-Leone A. Estimulacion magnetica transcraneal. Rev Esp Neurologia. 1999; (29).
  499. Pascual-Leone A, Tarazona F, Catalá MD. Applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation in studies on motor learning. In, Paulus W, Hallett M, Rossini PM, Rothwell JC (eds.) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Supplemet of Electroencephaplography and Clinical Neurophysiology, EEG Suppl. 1999; 51.
  500. Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A. Fisiopatología de las mioclonías. In, (eds) Tratado de los Trastornos del Movimiento. 1999; 877-896 .
  501. Romera M, Garcia Toro M, Pascual-Leone A, Gonzalez A, Campins MA. Posible inducción de síntomas mánicos.por estimulación magnética transcraneal en un paciente bipolar en fase depresiva. In, Gándara JJ (ed.) Cacos clínicos de residentes en psiquiatría. 1999; 385-387.
  502. Goya L, Rivero F, Martín MA, Alvarez C, Ramos S, de la Puente A, Pascual-Leone AM. Liver mRNA expression of IGF-I and IGFBPs in adult undernourished diabetic rats. Life Sci. 1999; 64(24):2255-71.
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  503. Henry M, Pascual-Leone A, Cole J. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: Its potential in treating neuropsychiatric disorders. McLean Psychiatry Update. 1999; 1(4):1-3.
  504. Hallett M, Wassermann EM, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. The International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol Suppl. 1999; 52:105-13.
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  505. Pascual-Leone A, Tarazona F, Catalá MD. Applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation in studies on motor learning. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol Suppl. 1999; 51:157-61.
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  506. Hallett M, Wassermann EM, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. In, Deuschl G., Eisen A. (eds.) Recommendations for the Practice of Clinical Neurophysiology: Guidelines of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. 1999.
  507. Tormos, JM, Pascual-Leone A. Intentant entendre millor l’escorca cerebral humana. Metode. 1999; (23):22-25.
  508. Pascual-Leone A, Bartres-Faz D, Keenan JP. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: studying brain-behavior relationship by induction of “virtual lesions”. Trans Royal Philosophical Society. 1999; 354(1387):1229-1238.
  509. Pascual-Leone A. Cross-modal plasticity in the blind. Journal Watch – NEJM. 1999; 1(3):20-21.
  510. Barcia-Salorio JL, Roldan P, Talamantes F, Pascual-Leone A. Electrical inhibition of basal ganglia nuclei in Parkinson's disease: long-term results. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 1999; 72(2-4):202-7.
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  511. Ramos S, Goya L, Alvarez C, Pascual-Leone AM. Mechanism of hypothyroidism action on insulin-like growth factor-I and -II from neonatal to adult rats: insulin mediates thyroid hormone effects in the neonatal period. Endocrinology. 1998 Dec; 139(12):4782-92.
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  512. Honda M, Deiber MP, Ibáñez V, Pascual-Leone A, Zhuang P, Hallett M. Dynamic cortical involvement in implicit and explicit motor sequence learning. A PET study. Brain. 1998 Nov; 121 ( Pt 11):2159-73.
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  513. Pascual-Leone A, Meador KJ. Is transcranial magnetic stimulation coming of age? J Clin Neurophysiol. 1998 Jul; 15(4):285-7.
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  514. Sadato N, Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Deiber MP, Ibañez V, Hallett M. Neural networks for Braille reading by the blind. Brain. 1998 Jul; 121 ( Pt 7):1213-29.
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  515. Pascual-Leone A, Tormos JM, Keenan J, Tarazona F, Cañete C, Catalá MD. Study and modulation of human cortical excitability with transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Clin Neurophysiol. 1998 Jul; 15(4):333-43.
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  516. A. Pascual-Leone, J. Ives and Q. Chen. “Method and Apparatus for Monitoring a Magnetic Resonance Image During Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation”. 1998.
  517. Pujol J, Pascual-Leone A, Dolz C, Delgado E, Dolz JL, Aldomà J. The effect of repetitive magnetic stimulation on localized musculoskeletal pain. Neuroreport. 1998 Jun 1; 9(8):1745-8.
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  518. Hamilton RH, Pascual-Leone A. Cortical plasticity associated with Braille learning. Trends Cogn Sci. 1998 May 1; 2(5):168-74.
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  519. Gómez-Beldarrain M, García-Moncó JC, Rubio B, Pascual-Leone A. Effect of focal cerebellar lesions on procedural learning in the serial reaction time task. Exp Brain Res. 1998 May; 120(1):25-30.
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  520. J. Ives and A. Pascual-Leone. “Method and Apparatus for Recording an Electroencephalogram During Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation”. 1998.
  521. Pascual-Leone A, Tarsy D. Advances in the Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease. Timely Topics in Medicine – Neurology: www.prous.com. 1998.
  522. Cañete-Nicolas C, Pascual-Leone A, Catala MD. Efecto de la estimulacion magnetica transcraneal repetitive sobre la concentracion de la melatonina en el plasma de pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson. In, Bardasano JL (ed.) Bioelectromagnetismo y Salud Publica. 1998; 113-124 .
  523. Tarazona FJ, Cañete-Nicolas C, Zorio E, Pascual-Leone A, Catala MD. Efecto de la estimulacion magnetica transcraneal sobre el cortex motor durante procesos de aprendizaje motor de tipo implicito. In, Bardasano JL (ed.) Bioelectromagnetismo y Salud Publica. 1998; 125-131 .
  524. Pascual-Leone A, Hamilton R, Tormos JM, Keenan J, Catala MD. . Neuroplasticity in the adjustment to blindness. Grafman J., Christen Y. (Eds.) Neuroplasticity: Building a bridge from the laboratory to the clinic. 1998; 93-108 .
  525. Flitman SS, Grafman J, Wassermann EM, Cooper V, O'Grady J, Pascual-Leone A, Hallett M. Linguistic processing during repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurology. 1998 Jan; 50(1):175-81.
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  526. Wassermann EM, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Finger movements induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation change with hand posture, but not with coil position. Hum Brain Mapp. 1998; 6(5-6):390-3.
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  527. Hamilton RH, Pascual-Leone A. Cortical Plasticity Associated with Braille Learning. Trends in Cognitive Science. 1998; (2):168-174.
  528. Keenan J., Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. Science and Medicine. 1998; (39):1-19.
  529. Cohen LG, Celnik P, Pascual-Leone A, Corwell B, Falz L, Dambrosia J, Honda M, Sadato N, Gerloff C, Catalá MD, Hallett M. Functional relevance of cross-modal plasticity in blind humans. Nature. 1997 Sep 11; 389(6647):180-3.
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  530. Tormos JM, Cañete C, Tarazona F, Catalá MD, Pascual-Leone Pascual A, Pascual-Leone A. Lateralized effects of self-induced sadness and happiness on corticospinal excitability. Neurology. 1997 Aug; 49(2):487-91.
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  531. Catalá MD, Cañete-Nicolás C, Iradi A, Tarazona PJ, Tormos JM, Pascual-Leone A. Melatonin levels in Parkinson's disease: drug therapy versus electrical stimulation of the internal globus pallidus. Exp Gerontol. 1997 Jul-Oct; 32(4-5):553-8.
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  532. Alvarez C, Martín MA, Goya L, Bertin E, Portha B, Pascual-Leone AM. Contrasted impact of maternal rat food restriction on the fetal endocrine pancreas. Endocrinology. 1997 Jun; 138(6):2267-73.
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  533. Kirkcaldie MT, Pridmore SA, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation as therapy for depression and other disorders. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 1997 Apr; 31(2):264-72.
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  534. Martín MA, Alvarez C, Goya L, Portha B, Pascual-Leone AM. Insulin secretion in adult rats that had experienced different underfeeding patterns during their development. Am J Physiol. 1997 Apr; 272(4 Pt 1):E634-40.
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  535. Green RM, Pascual-Leone A, Wasserman EM. Ethical guidelines for rTMS research. IRB. 1997 Mar-Apr; 19(2):1-7.
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  536. Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Cohen LG, Roth BJ, Hallett M. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. A new tool for the study of higher cognitive functions in humans. In, Grafman & Boller (eds.) Handbook of Neuropsychology, volume 11. 1997; 267-290.
  537. Pascual-Leone A. Could idiopathic scoliosis be a dystonia ?. Neurology Reviews. 1997; 34-35.
  538. Escriva F, Agote M, Rubio E, Molero JC, Pascual-Leone AM, Andres A, Satrustegui J, Carrascosa JM. In vivo insulin-dependent glucose uptake of specific tissues is decreased during aging of mature Wistar rats. Endocrinology. 1997 Jan; 138(1):49-54.
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  539. Pascual-Leone A, Peris M, Tormos JM, Pascual AP, Catalá MD. Reorganization of human cortical motor output maps following traumatic forearm amputation. Neuroreport. 1996 Sep 2; 7(13):2068-70.
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  540. Goya L, Rivero F, Martín MA, Arahuetes R, Hernández ER, Pascual-Leone AM. Effects of refeeding of undernourished and insulin treatment of diabetic neonatal rats on IGF and IGFBP. Am J Physiol. 1996 Aug; 271(2 Pt 1):E223-31.
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  541. Pascual-Leone A, Rubio B, Pallardó F, Catalá MD. Rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in drug-resistant depression. Lancet. 1996 Jul 27; 348(9022):233-7.
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  542. Sadato N, Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Ibañez V, Deiber MP, Dold G, Hallett M. Activation of the primary visual cortex by Braille reading in blind subjects. Nature. 1996 Apr 11; 380(6574):526-8.
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  543. Pascual-Leone A, Catalá MD, Pascual-Leone Pascual A. Lateralized effect of rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex on mood. Neurology. 1996 Feb; 46(2):499-502.
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  544. Wassermann EM, Wang B, Zeffiro TA, Sadato N, Pascual-Leone A, Toro C, Hallett M. Locating the motor cortex on the MRI with transcranial magnetic stimulation and PET. Neuroimage. 1996 Feb; 3(1):1-9.
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  545. Pascual-Leone A, Wassermann EM, Grafman J, Hallett M. The role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in implicit procedural learning. Exp Brain Res. 1996; 107(3):479-85.
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  546. Pascual-Leone A. Motor Learning. . In, Kimura, J. & Shibasaki, H. (eds.) Recent Advances in Clinical Neurophysiology. 1996; 304-308.
  547. George MS, Wassermann EM, Williams WA, Steppel J, Pascual-Leone A, Basser P, Hallett M, Post RM. Changes in mood and hormone levels after rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the prefrontal cortex. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1996; 8(2):172-80.
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  548. Hallett, M, Pascual-Leone A, Topka H. Adaptation and Skill Learning. Evidence for different neural substrates. In, Bloedel JR, Ebner TJ, Wise SP (eds.) Acquisition of motor behavior in vertebrates. 1996.
  549. Pascual-Leone A, Wassermann EM. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: Applications and safety considerations. In, Nilsson J, Panizza M, Grandori F (eds.) Advances in Magnetic Stimulation. Mathematical Modeling and Clinical Applications. 1996; 105-116 .
  550. Pascual-Leone A. Reorganization of cortical motor outputs in the acquisition of new motor skills. In, Kimura J and Shibasaki H, Recent Advances in Clinical Neurophysiology. 1996.
  551. Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Hallett M. Procedural learning and prefrontal cortex. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1995 Dec 15; 769:61-70.
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  552. Pascual-Leone A, Wassermann EM, Sadato N, Hallett M. The role of reading activity on the modulation of motor cortical outputs to the reading hand in Braille readers. Ann Neurol. 1995 Dec; 38(6):910-5.
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  553. Pascual-Leone A, Pridmore H. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 1995 Dec; 29(4):698.
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  554. Picarel-Blanchot F, Alvarez C, Bailbe D, Pascual-Leone AM, Portha B. Changes in insulin action and insulin secretion in the rat after dietary restriction early in life: influence of food restriction versus low-protein food restriction. Metabolism. 1995 Dec; 44(12):1519-26.
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  555. Brasil-Neto JP, Cammarota A, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A, Hallett M, Cohen LG. Role of intracortical mechanisms in the late part of the silent period to transcranial stimulation of the human motor cortex. Acta Neurol Scand. 1995 Nov; 92(5):383-6.
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  556. Pascual-Leone A, Nguyet D, Cohen LG, Brasil-Neto JP, Cammarota A, Hallett M. Modulation of muscle responses evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation during the acquisition of new fine motor skills. J Neurophysiol. 1995 Sep; 74(3):1037-45.
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  557. Rivero F, Goya L, Aláez C, Pascual-Leone AM. Effects of undernutrition and diabetes on serum and liver mRNA expression of IGFs and their binding proteins during rat development. J Endocrinol. 1995 Jun; 145(3):427-40.
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  558. Pascual-Leone A, Pridmore S. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Australian & N. Zealand J. Psych. 1995; (29):698.
  559. Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Hallett M. Procedural Learning and Prefrontal Cortex. In, Grafman, Hollyak, & Boller (eds.) Structure and Function of Human Prefrontal Cortex. 1995; 61-70.
  560. Pascual-Leone A. Implicaciones terapéuticas en la Enfermedad de Parkinson de una concepción plástica del sistema nervioso central. En, Bayes, A. (ed.) Enfermedad de Parkinson-Tratamiento Multidisciplinar. 1995.
  561. Pascual-Leone A, Hallett M. Induction of errors in a delayed response task by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Neuroreport. 1994 Dec 20; 5(18):2517-20.
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  562. Pascual-Leone AM, Aláez C, Calvo R, Martín MA, Obregón MJ. Effects of thyroid hormone deiodination on regulation of thyroid axis in undernourished rats. Am J Physiol. 1994 Dec; 267(6 Pt 1):E983-9.
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  563. Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Hallett M. Response. Science. 1994 Sep 9; 265(5178):1601.
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  564. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Hernández S, Hallett M. [Movement disorders in Parkinson's disease: pathophysiology and therapeutic implications]. Neurologia. 1994 Aug-Sep; 9(7):287-94.
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  565. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Wassermann EM, Hallett M. Responses to rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex. Brain. 1994 Aug; 117 ( Pt 4):847-58.
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  566. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Toro C, Wassermann EM, Hallett M. Resetting of essential tremor and postural tremor in Parkinson's disease with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Muscle Nerve. 1994 Jul; 17(7):800-7.
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  567. Pascual-Leone A, Cohen LG, Brasil-Neto JP, Valls-Solé J, Hallett M. Differentiation of sensorimotor neuronal structures responsible for induction of motor evoked potentials, attenuation in detection of somatosensory stimuli, and induction of sensation of movement by mapping of optimal current directions. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1994 Jun; 93(3):230-6.
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  568. Grafman J, Pascual-Leone A, Alway D, Nichelli P, Gomez-Tortosa E, Hallett M. Induction of a recall deficit by rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroreport. 1994 May 9; 5(9):1157-60.
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  569. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Brasil-Neto JP, Cammarota A, Grafman J, Hallett M. Akinesia in Parkinson's disease. II. Effects of subthreshold repetitive transcranial motor cortex stimulation. Neurology. 1994 May; 44(5):892-8.
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  570. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Brasil-Neto JP, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Akinesia in Parkinson's disease. I. Shortening of simple reaction time with focal, single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurology. 1994 May; 44(5):884-91.
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  571. Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A, Brasil-Neto JP, Cammarota A, McShane L, Hallett M. Abnormal facilitation of the response to transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease. Neurology. 1994 Apr; 44(4):735-41.
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  572. Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Hallett M. Modulation of cortical motor output maps during development of implicit and explicit knowledge. Science. 1994 Mar 4; 263(5151):1287-9.
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  573. Pascual-Leone A, Gomez-Tortosa E, Grafman J, Alway D, Nichelli P, Hallett M. Induction of visual extinction by rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation of parietal lobe. Neurology. 1994 Mar; 44(3 Pt 1):494-8.
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  574. Pascual-Leone A, Cohen LG, Brasil-Neto JP, Hallett M. Non-invasive differentiation of motor cortical representation of hand muscles by mapping of optimal current directions. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1994 Feb; 93(1):42-8.
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  575. Rivero F, Goya L, Pascual-Leone AM. Comparison of extraction methods for insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins prior to measurement of insulin-like growth factor-I in undernourished neonatal and adult rat serum. J Endocrinol. 1994 Feb; 140(2):257-63.
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  576. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Hernandez S, Hallett M. La acinesia en la Enfermedad de Parkinson: Patofisiología e Implicaciones Terapeúticas. Neurologia. 1994; (9):287-294.
  577. Pascual-Leone A, Hallett M, Grafman J. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in cognitive functions. In, Shugishita M (ed.) New Horizons in Cognitive Neuroscience. 1994.
  578. Grafman J, Pascual-Leone A. Implicit Memory and Cerebral Plasticity. In, Cerebral Platicity and Cognitive Stimulation. 1994.
  579. Hallett M, Fieldman J, Cohen LG, Sadato N, Pascual-Leone A. Involvement of primary motor cortex in motor imagery and mental practice. Behav Brain Sciences. 1994; (17):210-210.
  580. Pascual-Leone A, Sugishita M, Takayama Y. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Imago. 1994; 5(5):244-251.
  581. Wassermann EM, Pascual-Leone A, Hallett M. Cortical motor representation of the ipsilateral hand and arm. Exp Brain Res. 1994; 100(1):121-32.
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  582. Martinez Raga J, Pascual-Leone A, Martín Torres P. Alteraciones electrofisiológicas asociadas al consumo de cocaina y otras drogas de abuso. Mapfre Medicina. 1994; (5):179-186.
  583. Wassermann EM, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Toro C, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Topography of the inhibitory and excitatory responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation in a hand muscle. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1993 Dec; 89(6):424-33.
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  584. Toro C, Pascual-Leone A, Deuschl G, Tate E, Pranzatelli MR, Hallett M. Cortical tremor. A common manifestation of cortical myoclonus. Neurology. 1993 Nov; 43(11):2346-53.
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  585. Pascual-Leone A, Grafman J, Clark K, Stewart M, Massaquoi S, Lou JS, Hallett M. Procedural learning in Parkinson's disease and cerebellar degeneration. Ann Neurol. 1993 Oct; 34(4):594-602.
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  586. Pascual-Leone A, Cammarota A, Wassermann EM, Brasil-Neto JP, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Modulation of motor cortical outputs to the reading hand of braille readers. Ann Neurol. 1993 Jul; 34(1):33-7.
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  587. Brasil-Neto JP, Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A, Cammarota A, Amassian VE, Cracco R, Maccabee P, Cracco J, Hallett M, Cohen LG. Rapid modulation of human cortical motor outputs following ischaemic nerve block. Brain. 1993 Jun; 116 ( Pt 3):511-25.
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  588. Pascual-Leone A, Houser CM, Reese K, Shotland LI, Grafman J, Sato S, Valls-Solé J, Brasil-Neto JP, Wassermann EM, Cohen LG, et al. Safety of rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation in normal volunteers. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1993 Apr; 89(2):120-30.
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  589. Pascual-Leone A, Torres F. Plasticity of the sensorimotor cortex representation of the reading finger in Braille readers. Brain. 1993 Feb; 116 ( Pt 1):39-52.
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  590. Cohen LG, Brasil-Neto JP, Pascual-Leone A, Hallett M. Plasticity of cortical motor output organization following deafferentation, cerebral lesions, and skill acquisition. Adv Neurol. 1993; 63:187-200.
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  591. Cohen LG, Brasil-Neto JP, Pascual-Leone A, Hallett M . Plasticity of cortical motor output organization following deafferentation, cerebral lesions, and skill acquisition. Electric and Magnetic Stimulation of the Brain (Eds. Beric A & Devinsky O). 1993; 187-200.
  592. Hallett M, Pascual-Leone A . Slowness in Parkinson's Disease: Prolongation of reaction time. Role of the Cerebellum and the Basal Ganglia in Voluntary Movements (Eds.: Mano N, Hamada I & DeLong MR). 1993; 115-121.
  593. Hallett M, Cohen LG, Pascual-Leone A, Brasil-Neto JP, Wassermann EM, Cammarota A. Plasticity of the human motor cortex. In, Thilman et al. (eds.) Spasticity: Mechanisms and Management. 1993.
  594. Catala MD, Villanueva PA, Picazo ML, Alvarez-Ude J, Pascual-Leone A, Bardasano JL. Actividad superoxidodismutasa y radiaciones electromagneticas. In, Bardasano JL (ed.) Avances en Bioelectromagnetismo. 1993; 13-33.
  595. Brasil-Neto JP, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Cammarota A, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Postexercise depression of motor evoked potentials: a measure of central nervous system fatigue. Exp Brain Res. 1993; 93(1):181-4.
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  596. Valls-Solé J, Pascual-Leone A, Wassermann EM, Hallett M. Human motor evoked responses to paired transcranial magnetic stimuli. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1992 Dec; 85(6):355-64.
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  597. Brasil-Neto JP, Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation and response bias in a forced-choice task. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1992 Oct; 55(10):964-6.
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  598. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Wassermann EM, Brasil-Neto J, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Effects of focal transcranial magnetic stimulation on simple reaction time to acoustic, visual and somatosensory stimuli. Brain. 1992 Aug; 115 ( Pt 4):1045-59.
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  599. Brasil-Neto JP, Cohen LG, Pascual-Leone A, Jabir FK, Wall RT, Hallett M. Rapid reversible modulation of human motor outputs after transient deafferentation of the forearm: a study with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurology. 1992 Jul; 42(7):1302-6.
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  600. Dhuna AK, Gu XF, Pascual-Leone A, Lee M. Skeletal fluorosis. An unusual cause of progressive radiculomyelopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 Jul; 17(7):842-4.
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  601. Escrivá F, Rodríguez C, Cacho J, Alvarez C, Portha B, Pascual-Leone AM. Glucose utilization and insulin action in adult rats submitted to prolonged food restriction. Am J Physiol. 1992 Jul; 263(1 Pt 1):E1-7.
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  602. Pascual-Leone A, Houser CM, Grafman J, Hallett M. Reaction time and transcranial magnetic stimulation. Lancet. 1992 Jun 6; 339(8806):1420.
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  603. Dhuna A, Pascual-Leone A, Talwar D, Torres F. EEG and seizures in children with hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Epilepsia. 1992 May-Jun; 33(3):482-6.
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  604. Pascual-Leone A, Pascual-Leone Pascual A. Occipital neuralgia: another benign cause of "thunderclap headache". J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1992 May; 55(5):411.
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  605. Gates JR, Dhuna A, Pascual-Leone A. Lack of pathologic changes in human temporal lobes after transcranial magnetic stimulation. Epilepsia. 1992 May-Jun; 33(3):504-8.
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  606. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Solé J, Brasil-Neto JP, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Seizure induction and transcranial magnetic stimulation. Lancet. 1992 Apr 18; 339(8799):997.
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  607. Roth BJ, Pascual-Leone A, Cohen LG, Hallett M. The heating of metal electrodes during rapid-rate magnetic stimulation: a possible safety hazard. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1992 Apr; 85(2):116-23.
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  608. Pascual-Leone A, Cohen LG, Shotland LI, Dang N, Pikus A, Wassermann EM, Brasil-Neto JP, Valls-Solé J, Hallett M. No evidence of hearing loss in humans due to transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurology. 1992 Mar; 42(3 Pt 1):647-51.
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  609. Aláez C, Calvo R, Obregón MJ, Pascual-Leone AM. Thyroid hormones and 5'-deiodinase activity in neonatal undernourished rats. Endocrinology. 1992 Feb; 130(2):773-9.
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  610. Pascual-Leone A, Brasil-Neto JP, Valls-Solé J, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Simple reaction time to focal transcranial magnetic stimulation. Comparison with reaction time to acoustic, visual and somatosensory stimuli. Brain. 1992 Feb; 115 Pt 1:109-22.
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  611. Pascual-Leone A, Cohen LG, Hallett M. Cortical map plasticity in humans. Trends Neurosci. 1992 Jan; 15(1):13-4.
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  612. Alvarez C, Escrivá F, Pascual-Leone AM. Effect of growth hormone on liver glycogen accumulation in suckling rats. Horm Res. 1992; 37(1-2):39-44.
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  613. Dhuna A, Pascual-Leone A, Langendorf F. Chronic, habitual cocaine abuse and kindling-induced epilepsy: a case report. Epilepsia. 1991 Nov-Dec; 32(6):890-4.
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  614. Dhuna A, Pascual-Leone A, Belgrade M. Cocaine-related vascular headaches. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1991 Sep; 54(9):803-6.
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  615. Escriva F, Kergoat M, Bailbé D, Pascual-Leone AM, Portha B. Increased insulin action in the rat after protein malnutrition early in life. Diabetologia. 1991 Aug; 34(8):559-64.
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  616. Pascual-Leone A, Altafullah I, Dhuna A. Hemiageusia: an unusual presentation of multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1991 Jul; 54(7):657.
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  617. Dhuna A, Gates J, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy. Neurology. 1991 Jul; 41(7):1067-71.
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  618. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna A, Castillo R, Ala T. Displaced Torkildsen's shunt: an unusual cause of cervical myelopathy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1991 Jul; 54(7):654.
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  619. Pascual-Leone A, Gates JR, Dhuna A. Induction of speech arrest and counting errors with rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurology. 1991 May; 41(5):697-702.
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  620. Dhuna A, Pascual-Leone A, Talwar D. Exacerbation of partial seizures and onset of nonepileptic myoclonus with carbamazepine. Epilepsia. 1991 Mar-Apr; 32(2):275-8.
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  621. Dhuna A, Pascual-Leone A, Langendorf F, Anderson DC. Epileptogenic properties of cocaine in humans. Neurotoxicology. 1991; 12(3):621-6.
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  622. Dhuna A, Pascual-Leone A, Langendorf F, Anderson DC. Epileptogenic properties of cocaine in humans. In: Cranmer JM (ed), Role of Toxicants in Neurological Disorders.Neurotoxicology 12. 1991; 621-626.
  623. Roth BJ, Pascual-Leone A. Technology and Equipment Review: Magnetic Stimulators. J Clin Neurophysiol. 1991; (8):121-122.
  624. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna A, Anderson DC. Longterm neurological consequences of habitual chronic cocaine abuse. In: Cranmer JM (ed), Role of Toxicants in Neurological Disorders. Neurotoxicology 12. 1991; 393-400.
  625. Rank JM, Pascual-Leone A, Payne W, Glock M, Freese D, Sharp H, Bloomer JR. Hematin therapy for the neurologic crisis of tyrosinemia. J Pediatr. 1991 Jan; 118(1):136-9.
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  626. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna A, Anderson DC. Cerebral atrophy in habitual cocaine abusers: a planimetric CT study. Neurology. 1991 Jan; 41(1):34-8.
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  627. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna A, Anderson DC. Longterm neurological complications of chronic, habitual cocaine abuse. Neurotoxicology. 1991; 12(3):393-400.
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  628. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna A, Roth BJ, Cohen L, Hallett M. Risk of burns during rapid-rate magnetic stimulation in presence of electrodes. Lancet. 1990 Nov 10; 336(8724):1195-6.
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  629. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna AK, Janousek ST, Talwar D. EEG correlation of improvement in hemolytic-uremic syndrome after plasma infusion. Pediatr Neurol. 1990 Jul-Aug; 6(4):269-71.
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  630. Goya L, Aláez C, Pascual-Leone AM. Development of adrenomedullary function in suckling rats: effects of high doses of thyroxine and cortisol. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1990 Jul; 123(1):100-7.
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  631. Altafullah I, Pascual-Leone A, Duvall K, Anderson DC, Taylor S. Putaminal hemorrhage accompanied by hemichorea-hemiballism. Stroke. 1990 Jul; 21(7):1093-4.
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  632. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna A. Cocaine-associated multifocal tics. Neurology. 1990 Jun; 40(6):999-1000.
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  633. Pascual-Leone A, Dhuna A, Altafullah I, Anderson DC. Cocaine-induced seizures. Neurology. 1990 Mar; 40(3 Pt 1):404-7.
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  634. Sancho Rieger J, Pascual-Leone P. A, Pascual-Leone A, Lainez Andres . Epidemiologia de la Epilepsia. In: Lago A, Coret F, Lluch V, Martín R (eds.):Neuroepidemiologia. 1990.
  635. Pascual-Leone A, Anderson DC, Larson DA. Volume therapy in orthostatic transient ischemic attacks. Stroke. 1989 Sep; 20(9):1267-70.
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  636. Pascual-Leone A, Vanaclocha V, Lopez-Gomez L, Pascual-Leone PA, Barcia-Salorio JL. Secondary Epileptogenesis in an Experimental Epilepsy Model in the Cat. In, Advances in Epileptology. 1989; 72-77.
  637. Pascual-Leone PA, Pascual-Leone A. La bateria de afasias. 1988.
  638. Escrivá F, Pascual-Leone AM, Hernández J, Ferré P, Girard J. Effect of feeding pattern on the sensitivity of hepatic carnitine palmitoyl-transferase to inhibition by malonyl-CoA in the rat. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 1987; 87(4):1041-3.
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  639. Perez-Martinez PL, Flor B.J, Mesejo AA, Lafuente CM, Borillo MV, Palau PJ, Pascual-Leone A. Síndrome de la piel escaldada. An C Intensivos. 1986; (1):6-14.
  640. Pascual-Leone A . Einfluss somatosensorischer Afferenzen aus den Extremitäten auf die Gleichgewichtsregulation durch die zentrale Vestibulariskerne. 1985.
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