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One or more keywords matched the following properties of Chavarro, Jorge
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overview My research focuses on understanding how nutritional and lifestyle factors affect human reproduction and reproductive milestones throughout the life course, and how these events, in turn, impact other aspects of health. Over the last decade, this broad interest has focused primarily on understanding how nutrition impacts human fertility. More recently, my work has expanded to understand how reproductive events impact health throughout life. The overarching goal of my infertility research is to identify modifiable lifestyle factors that may improve fertility in humans. Towards achieving this goal, I have developed and adapted a series conducted population-based and hospital-based epidemiologic studies which, together, allow a comprehensive examination of the relationship between nutrition and fertility. My work in population-based cohorts has included the identification of nutritional risk factors for infertility and conditions associated with infertility or decreased fecundity such as endometriosis, spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy, as well studies of how nutrition relates to semen quality and other markers of testicular function in healthy young men. My parallel work among couples undergoing infertility treatment, which has primarily taken place at the Massachusetts General Hospital Fertility Center, has focused on understanding how pre-treatment diet of both the female and the male partner influence their chances of a successful treatment. My research agenda has expanded to include the study of long-term health consequences exposures and events before and during pregnancy on the health of mother and child alike. This work is currently focused on two fronts. First, I am currently investigating how cesarean delivery influences growth and health trajectories throughout the life-course relative to being born by vaginal delivery. My group’s work is aimed at understanding whether differences in growth and health trajectories can be explained by incomplete accounting for confounders while also investigating potential biologic mediators of these relations including changes to the gut microbiome and changes to the epigenome. Second, we are also investigating how reproductive traits, fertility and pregnancy complications influence women’s health after pregnancy, as they go through the menopausal transition and beyond. In order to support my substantive research, I have developed research infrastructure platforms that can be used as a multi-purpose platform supporting life course epidemiologic research. One of these platforms is the Nurses’ Health Study 3 (www.nhs3.org), an ongoing, open, web-based prospective cohort study of more than 50,000 young health professional women aimed at evaluating the role of diet, lifestyle, and biological factors on various aspects of women’s health, including fertility and health during pregnancy. In parallel, I have been involved in modifying related cohort studies, in particular the Growing Up Today Study (www.gutsweb.org) and to a lesser extent the Nurses’ Health Study II, to facilitate life course epidemiologic research integrating data across these three cohorts as a single cohesive resource for understanding the life course determinants of chronic diseases manifesting in adult life.
One or more keywords matched the following items that are connected to Chavarro, Jorge
Item TypeName
Academic Article Validity of maternal recall of preschool diet after 43 years.
Academic Article Dietary fatty acid intakes and the risk of ovulatory infertility.
Academic Article Protein intake and ovulatory infertility.
Academic Article A 22-year prospective study of fish, n-3 fatty acid intake, and colorectal cancer risk in men.
Academic Article Healthful dietary patterns and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Academic Article Prepregnancy adherence to dietary patterns and lower risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Academic Article Whole milk intake is associated with prostate cancer-specific mortality among U.S. male physicians.
Academic Article Dairy-food, calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D intake and endometriosis: a prospective cohort study.
Academic Article A prospective study of trans fat intake and risk of preeclampsia in Denmark.
Academic Article A prospective study of dairy foods intake and anovulatory infertility.
Academic Article Dietary patterns and semen quality in young men.
Academic Article A prospective study of dietary carbohydrate quantity and quality in relation to risk of ovulatory infertility.
Academic Article Diet and lifestyle in the prevention of ovulatory disorder infertility.
Academic Article Validity of adolescent diet recall 48 years later.
Concept Diet
Concept Diet, Reducing
Concept Diet Surveys
Concept Diet, Mediterranean
Concept Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted
Concept Diet, Vegetarian
Concept Diet Records
Concept Diet, Fat-Restricted
Academic Article Fat intake after diagnosis and risk of lethal prostate cancer and all-cause mortality.
Academic Article Dairy food intake in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormone levels among physically active young men.
Academic Article The authors reply.
Academic Article Semen quality in relation to antioxidant intake in a healthy male population.
Academic Article Dairy intake and semen quality among men attending a fertility clinic.
Academic Article Maternal prepregnancy folate intake and risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth.
Academic Article Processed meat intake is unfavorably and fish intake favorably associated with semen quality indicators among men attending a fertility clinic.
Academic Article Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormone levels in young men.
Academic Article Prepregnancy dietary patterns and risk of pregnancy loss.
Academic Article Fruit and vegetable intake and their pesticide residues in relation to semen quality among men from a fertility clinic.
Academic Article Dietary patterns after prostate cancer diagnosis in relation to disease-specific and total mortality.
Academic Article Prepregnancy low-carbohydrate dietary pattern and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study.
Academic Article Hair mercury concentrations and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes among women from a fertility clinic.
Academic Article Reply: Pesticide residues and semen quality.
Academic Article Men's meat intake and treatment outcomes among couples undergoing assisted reproduction.
Academic Article Mediterranean and western dietary patterns are related to markers of testicular function among healthy men.
Academic Article Low Carbohydrate-Diet Scores and Long-term Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Among Women With a History of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective Cohort Study.
Academic Article Vegetarian Diets and Weight Reduction: a Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Academic Article Dietary fat intake and reproductive hormone concentrations and ovulation in regularly menstruating women.
Academic Article Soy Intake Modifies the Relation Between Urinary Bisphenol A Concentrations and Pregnancy Outcomes Among Women Undergoing Assisted Reproduction.
Academic Article Dairy intake in relation to in vitro fertilization outcomes among women from a fertility clinic.
Academic Article Healthful Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Hypertension Among Women With a History of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective Cohort Study.
Academic Article Intake of Fruits and Vegetables with Low-to-Moderate Pesticide Residues Is Positively Associated with Semen-Quality Parameters among Young Healthy Men.
Academic Article Overall and class-specific scores of pesticide residues from fruits and vegetables as a tool to rank intake of pesticide residues in United States: A validation study.
Academic Article Maternal whole grain intake and outcomes of in vitro fertilization.
Academic Article Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and BMI change among US adolescents.
Academic Article Development and Validation of an Empirical Dietary Inflammatory Index.
Academic Article Contributions of the Nurses' Health Studies to Reproductive Health Research.
Academic Article Dietary folate intake and modification of the association of urinary bisphenol A concentrations with in vitro fertilization outcomes among women from a fertility clinic.
Academic Article Associations between adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research cancer prevention recommendations and biomarkers of inflammation, hormonal, and insulin response.
Academic Article Development and validation of empirical indices to assess the insulinaemic potential of diet and lifestyle.
Academic Article Healthful dietary patterns and long-term weight change among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Academic Article Pre-pregnancy caffeine and caffeinated beverage intake and risk of spontaneous abortion.
Academic Article The association of protein intake (amount and type) with ovarian antral follicle counts among infertile women: results from the EARTH prospective study cohort.
Academic Article Healthy diets and men's contribution to fertility; is semen quality good enough?
Academic Article Validity of a Dietary Questionnaire Assessed by Comparison With Multiple Weighed Dietary Records or 24-Hour Recalls.
Academic Article Maternal dietary intakes of refined grains during pregnancy and growth through the first 7 y of life among children born to women with gestational diabetes.
Academic Article An Empirical Dietary Inflammatory Pattern Score Enhances Prediction of Circulating Inflammatory Biomarkers in Adults.
Academic Article Diet and fertility: a review.
Academic Article Comparison of questionnaire-based estimation of pesticide residue intake from fruits and vegetables with urinary concentrations of pesticide biomarkers.
Academic Article Prepregnancy habitual intake of vitamin D from diet and supplements in relation to risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study.
Academic Article Relative Validity of Nutrient Intakes Assessed by Questionnaire, 24-Hour Recalls, and Diet Records as Compared With Urinary Recovery and Plasma Concentration Biomarkers: Findings for Women.
Academic Article Hair mercury (Hg) levels, fish consumption and semen parameters among men attending a fertility center.
Academic Article Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of endometriosis.
Academic Article Seafood Intake, Sexual Activity, and Time to Pregnancy.
Academic Article A prospective cohort study of meat and fish consumption and endometriosis risk.
Academic Article Diet and men's fertility: does diet affect sperm quality?
Academic Article Introduction: Impact of nutrition on reproduction: an overview.
Academic Article Diet and female fertility: doctor, what should I eat?
Academic Article Intake of protein-rich foods in relation to outcomes of infertility treatment with assisted reproductive technologies.
Academic Article Meat intake in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormone levels among young men in Spain.
Grant Nurses Health Study 3: A multiple exposure environmental epidemiology cohort of young adults
Academic Article Dietary patterns and outcomes of assisted reproduction.
Academic Article Intake of Antioxidants in Relation to Infertility Treatment Outcomes with Assisted Reproductive Technologies.
Academic Article Mushroom consumption, biomarkers, and risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study of US women and men.
Academic Article Mushroom Consumption and Risk of Total and Site-Specific Cancer in Two Large U.S. Prospective Cohorts.
Academic Article Adherence to Pre-pregnancy DASH Dietary Pattern and Diet Recommendations from the American Heart Association and the Risk of Preeclampsia (OR35-06-19).
Grant A lifecourse approach to women's cardiometabolic and bone health: from fertility to perimenopause
Academic Article Vitamin D status is not associated with reproductive parameters in young Spanish men.
Academic Article Sodium Intake during Pregnancy, but Not Other Diet Recommendations Aimed at Preventing Cardiovascular Disease, Is Positively Related to Risk of Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy.
Academic Article High-fat diet fuels prostate cancer progression by rewiring the metabolome and amplifying the MYC program.
Academic Article Adherence to diet quality indices in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormones in young men.
Academic Article Associations between 100% Orange Juice Consumption and Dietary, Lifestyle and Anthropometric Characteristics in a Cross-Sectional Study of U.S. Children and Adolescents.
Academic Article Associations of dairy intake with risk of mortality in women and men: three prospective cohort studies.
Academic Article Association of Dietary Patterns With Testicular Function in Young Danish Men.
Academic Article Maternal healthful dietary patterns during peripregnancy and long-term overweight risk in their offspring.
Academic Article Dietary patterns and ovarian reserve among women attending a fertility clinic.
Academic Article Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, and Socioeconomic Associations in a Midwestern Cohort of Healthy Reproductive-Age Women.
Academic Article Associations of Menstrual Cycle Characteristics Across the Reproductive Life Span and Lifestyle Factors With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes.
Academic Article Dietary patterns and PFAS plasma concentrations in childhood: Project Viva, USA.
Academic Article Variation in diet quality across sexual orientation in a cohort of U.S. women.
Academic Article Estimating the effect of nutritional interventions using observational data: the American Heart Association's 2020 Dietary Goals and mortality.
Academic Article Intake of fruits and vegetables by pesticide residue status in relation to cancer risk.
Academic Article Prepregnancy plant-based diets and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study of 14,926 women.
Academic Article Diet quality and risk and severity of COVID-19: a prospective cohort study.
Search Criteria
  • Diet
Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.