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profileKeith Lloyd Ligon, M.D., Ph.D.

TitleAssociate Professor of Pathology
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentPathology
AddressBrigham and Women's Hospital
Pathology/Neuropathology
75 Francis St
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/732-7532
Fax617/277-9015
vCardDownload vCard (login for email)

Collapse Mentoring 
Collapse completed student projects
Probing the Sall2 Transcriptional Network in Neural Stem Cells
Summer, 06/15/09 - 08/14/09

Collapse Research 
Collapse research activities and funding
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
R01CA219943     (BEROUKHIM, RAMEEN)Sep 1, 2017 - Aug 31, 2022
NIH/NCI
Characterizing TP53 and PPM1D mutations as resistance drivers to radiation therapy in Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Gliomas
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

R01CA215489     (LIGON, KEITH L)Apr 1, 2017 - Mar 31, 2022
NIH/NCI
MYB family alterations in pediatric gliomas
Role: Principal Investigator

R01CA188228     (BEROUKHIM, RAMEEN)Apr 1, 2015 - Mar 31, 2020
NIH/NCI
Genetic evolution of glioblastomas during radiation and temozolomide therapy
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

P50CA165962     (BATCHELOR, TRACY T)Sep 19, 2013 - Jul 31, 2018
NIH/NCI
SPORE: Targeted Therapies for Glioma
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

R01CA170592     (LIGON, KEITH L)Aug 10, 2012 - May 31, 2016
NIH/NCI
Assaying GBM growth and therapy response in single cells and tumorspheres (PQ17)
Role: Principal Investigator

Collapse Bibliographic 
Collapse selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. D'Aronco L, Rouleau C, Gayden T, Crevier L, Décarie JC, Perreault S, Jabado N, Bandopadhayay P, Ligon KL, Ellezam B. Brainstem angiocentric gliomas with MYB-QKI rearrangements. Acta Neuropathol. 2017 Aug 12. PMID: 28803398.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Coy S, Dubuc AM, Dahiya S, Ligon KL, Vasiljevic A, Santagata S. Nuclear CRX and FOXJ1 Expression Differentiates Non-Germ Cell Pineal Region Tumors and Supports the Ependymal Differentiation of Papillary Tumor of the Pineal Region. Am J Surg Pathol. 2017 Jul 17. PMID: 28719464.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Touat M, Idbaih A, Sanson M, Ligon KL. Glioblastoma targeted therapy: updated approaches from recent biological insights. Ann Oncol. 2017 Jul 01; 28(7):1457-1472. PMID: 28863449.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Tanguturi SK, Trippa L, Ramkissoon SH, Pelton K, Knoff D, Sandak D, Lindeman NI, Ligon AH, Beroukhim R, Parmigiani G, Wen PY, Ligon KL, Alexander BM. Leveraging molecular datasets for biomarker-based clinical trial design in glioblastoma. Neuro Oncol. 2017 Jul 01; 19(7):908-917. PMID: 28339723.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Bi WL, Greenwald NF, Ramkissoon SH, Abedalthagafi M, Coy SM, Ligon KL, Mei Y, MacConaill L, Ducar M, Min L, Santagata S, Kaiser UB, Beroukhim R, Laws ER, Dunn IF. Clinical Identification of Oncogenic Drivers and Copy-Number Alterations in Pituitary Tumors. Endocrinology. 2017 Jul 01; 158(7):2284-2291. PMID: 28486603.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Ramkissoon SH, Bandopadhayay P, Hwang J, Ramkissoon LA, Greenwald NF, Schumacher SE, O'Rourke R, Pinches N, Ho P, Malkin H, Sinai C, Filbin M, Plant A, Bi WL, Chang MS, Yang E, Wright KD, Manley PE, Ducar M, Alexandrescu S, Lidov H, Delalle I, Goumnerova LC, Church AJ, Janeway KA, Harris MH, MacConaill LE, Folkerth RD, Lindeman NI, Stiles CD, Kieran MW, Ligon AH, Santagata S, Dubuc AM, Chi SN, Beroukhim R, Ligon KL. Clinical targeted exome-based sequencing in combination with genome-wide copy number profiling: precision medicine analysis of 203 pediatric brain tumors. Neuro Oncol. 2017 Jul 01; 19(7):986-996. PMID: 28104717.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Singh SK, Fiorelli R, Kupp R, Rajan S, Szeto E, Lo Cascio C, Maire CL, Sun Y, Alberta JA, Eschbacher JM, Ligon KL, Berens ME, Sanai N, Mehta S. Post-translational Modifications of OLIG2 Regulate Glioma Invasion through the TGF-ß Pathway. Cell Rep. 2017 Jun 13; 19(11):2410-2412. PMID: 28614724.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Packer RJ, Pfister S, Bouffet E, Avery R, Bandopadhayay P, Bornhorst M, Bowers DC, Ellison D, Fangusaro J, Foreman N, Fouladi M, Gajjar A, Haas-Kogan D, Hawkins C, Ho CY, Hwang E, Jabado N, Kilburn LB, Lassaletta A, Ligon KL, Massimino M, Meeteren SV, Mueller S, Nicolaides T, Perilongo G, Tabori U, Vezina G, Warren K, Witt O, Zhu Y, Jones DT, Kieran M. Pediatric low-grade gliomas: implications of the biologic era. Neuro Oncol. 2017 06 01; 19(6):750-761. PMID: 27683733.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Sun Y, Alberta JA, Pilarz C, Calligaris D, Chadwick EJ, Ramkissoon SH, Ramkissoon LA, Garcia VM, Mazzola E, Goumnerova L, Kane M, Yao Z, Kieran MW, Ligon KL, Hahn WC, Garraway LA, Rosen N, Gray NS, Agar NY, Buhrlage SJ, Segal RA, Stiles CD. A brain-penetrant RAF dimer antagonist for the noncanonical BRAF oncoprotein of pediatric low-grade astrocytomas. Neuro Oncol. 2017 06 01; 19(6):774-785. PMID: 28082416.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Shankar GM, Abedalthagafi M, Vaubel RA, Merrill PH, Nayyar N, Gill CM, Brewster R, Bi WL, Agarwalla PK, Thorner AR, Reardon DA, Al-Mefty O, Wen PY, Alexander BM, van Hummelen P, Batchelor TT, Ligon KL, Ligon AH, Meyerson M, Dunn IF, Beroukhim R, Louis DN, Perry A, Carter SL, Giannini C, Curry WT, Cahill DP, Barker FG, Brastianos PK, Santagata S. Germline and somatic BAP1 mutations in high-grade rhabdoid meningiomas. Neuro Oncol. 2017 04 01; 19(4):535-545. PMID: 28170043.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Zhou J, Tien AC, Alberta JA, Ficarro SB, Griveau A, Sun Y, Deshpande JS, Card JD, Morgan-Smith M, Michowski W, Hashizume R, James CD, Ligon KL, Snider WD, Sicinski P, Marto JA, Rowitch DH, Stiles CD. A Sequentially Priming Phosphorylation Cascade Activates the Gliomagenic Transcription Factor Olig2. Cell Rep. 2017 Mar 28; 18(13):3167-3177. PMID: 28355568.
    View in: PubMed
  12. De Smet F, Saiz Rubio M, Hompes D, Naus E, De Baets G, Langenberg T, Hipp MS, Houben B, Claes F, Charbonneau S, Delgado Blanco J, Plaisance S, Ramkissoon S, Ramkissoon L, Simons C, van den Brandt P, Weijenberg M, Van England M, Lambrechts S, Amant F, D'Hoore A, Ligon KL, Sagaert X, Schymkowitz J, Rousseau F. Nuclear inclusion bodies of mutant and wild-type p53 in cancer: a hallmark of p53 inactivation and proteostasis remodelling by p53 aggregation. J Pathol. 2017 May; 242(1):24-38. PMID: 28035683.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Bale TA, Oviedo A, Kozakewich H, Giannini C, Davineni PK, Ligon K, Alexandrescu S. Intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumors with EWSR1-CREB family gene fusions: myxoid variant of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma or novel entity? Brain Pathol. 2017 Mar 09. PMID: 28281318.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Liu L, Michowski W, Inuzuka H, Shimizu K, Nihira NT, Chick JM, Li N, Geng Y, Meng AY, Ordureau A, Kolodziejczyk A, Ligon KL, Bronson RT, Polyak K, Harper JW, Gygi SP, Wei W, Sicinski P. G1 cyclins link proliferation, pluripotency and differentiation of embryonic stem cells. Nat Cell Biol. 2017 Mar; 19(3):177-188. PMID: 28192421.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Rosenberg S, Verreault M, Schmitt C, Guegan J, Guehennec J, Levasseur C, Marie Y, Bielle F, Mokhtari K, Hoang-Xuan K, Ligon K, Sanson M, Delattre JY, Idbaih A. Multi-omics analysis of primary glioblastoma cell lines shows recapitulation of pivotal molecular features of parental tumors. Neuro Oncol. 2017 02 01; 19(2):219-228. PMID: 27571888.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Stevens MM, Maire CL, Chou N, Murakami MA, Knoff DS, Kikuchi Y, Kimmerling RJ, Liu H, Haidar S, Calistri NL, Cermak N, Olcum S, Cordero NA, Idbaih A, Wen PY, Weinstock DM, Ligon KL, Manalis SR. Drug sensitivity of single cancer cells is predicted by changes in mass accumulation rate. Nat Biotechnol. 2016 Nov; 34(11):1161-1167. PMID: 27723727.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Ni J, Xie S, Ramkissoon SH, Luu V, Sun Y, Bandopadhayay P, Beroukhim R, Roberts TM, Stiles CD, Segal RA, Ligon KL, Hahn WC, Zhao JJ. Tyrosine receptor kinase B is a drug target in astrocytomas. Neuro Oncol. 2017 Jan; 19(1):22-30. PMID: 27402815.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Singh SK, Fiorelli R, Kupp R, Rajan S, Szeto E, Lo Cascio C, Maire CL, Sun Y, Alberta JA, Eschbacher JM, Ligon KL, Berens ME, Sanai N, Mehta S. Post-translational Modifications of OLIG2 Regulate Glioma Invasion through the TGF-ß Pathway. Cell Rep. 2016 Jul 26; 16(4):950-66. PMID: 27396340; PMCID: PMC4963280 [Available on 07/26/17].
  19. Zhang B, Chang K, Ramkissoon S, Tanguturi S, Bi WL, Reardon DA, Ligon KL, Alexander BM, Wen PY, Huang RY. Multimodal MRI features predict isocitrate dehydrogenase genotype in high-grade gliomas. Neuro Oncol. 2017 Jan; 19(1):109-117. PMID: 27353503.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Berkowitz AL, Miller MB, Mir SA, Cagney D, Chavakula V, Guleria I, Aizer A, Ligon KL, Chi JH. Glioproliferative Lesion of the Spinal Cord as a Complication of "Stem-Cell Tourism". N Engl J Med. 2016 Jul 14; 375(2):196-8. PMID: 27331440.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Bale TA, Abedalthagafi M, Bi WL, Kang YJ, Merrill P, Dunn IF, Dubuc A, Charbonneau SK, Brown L, Ligon AH, Ramkissoon SH, Ligon KL. Genomic characterization of recurrent high-grade astroblastoma. Cancer Genet. 2016 Jul-Aug; 209(7-8):321-30. PMID: 27425854.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Miller MB, Bi WL, Ramkissoon LA, Kang YJ, Abedalthagafi M, Knoff DS, Agarwalla PK, Wen PY, Reardon DA, Alexander BM, Laws ER, Dunn IF, Beroukhim R, Ligon KL, Ramkissoon SH. MAPK activation and HRAS mutation identified in pituitary spindle cell oncocytoma. Oncotarget. 2016 Jun 14; 7(24):37054-37063. PMID: 27175596.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Ni J, Ramkissoon SH, Xie S, Goel S, Stover DG, Guo H, Luu V, Marco E, Ramkissoon LA, Kang YJ, Hayashi M, Nguyen QD, Ligon AH, Du R, Claus EB, Alexander BM, Yuan GC, Wang ZC, Iglehart JD, Krop IE, Roberts TM, Winer EP, Lin NU, Ligon KL, Zhao JJ. Combination inhibition of PI3K and mTORC1 yields durable remissions in mice bearing orthotopic patient-derived xenografts of HER2-positive breast cancer brain metastases. Nat Med. 2016 Jul; 22(7):723-6. PMID: 27270588; PMCID: PMC4938731 [Available on 12/06/16].
  24. Jahani-Asl A, Yin H, Soleimani VD, Haque T, Luchman HA, Chang NC, Sincennes MC, Puram SV, Scott AM, Lorimer IA, Perkins TJ, Ligon KL, Weiss S, Rudnicki MA, Bonni A. Control of glioblastoma tumorigenesis by feed-forward cytokine signaling. Nat Neurosci. 2016 Jun; 19(6):798-806. PMID: 27110918; PMCID: PMC4984527.
  25. Nikbakht H, Panditharatna E, Mikael LG, Li R, Gayden T, Osmond M, Ho CY, Kambhampati M, Hwang EI, Faury D, Siu A, Papillon-Cavanagh S, Bechet D, Ligon KL, Ellezam B, Ingram WJ, Stinson C, Moore AS, Warren KE, Karamchandani J, Packer RJ, Jabado N, Majewski J, Nazarian J. Spatial and temporal homogeneity of driver mutations in diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma. Nat Commun. 2016 Apr 06; 7:11185. PMID: 27048880; PMCID: PMC4823825.
  26. Dodgshun AJ, SantaCruz N, Hwang J, Ramkissoon SH, Malkin H, Bergthold G, Manley P, Chi S, MacGregor D, Goumnerova L, Sullivan M, Ligon K, Beroukhim R, Herrington B, Kieran MW, Hansford JR, Bandopadhayay P. Disseminated glioneuronal tumors occurring in childhood: treatment outcomes and BRAF alterations including V600E mutation. J Neurooncol. 2016 Jun; 128(2):293-302. PMID: 26994902.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Abedalthagafi MS, Wu MP, Merrill PH, Du Z, Woo T, Sheu SH, Hurwitz S, Ligon KL, Santagata S. Decreased FOXJ1 expression and its ciliogenesis programme in aggressive ependymoma and choroid plexus tumours. J Pathol. 2016 Mar; 238(4):584-97. PMID: 26690880.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Bandopadhayay P, Ramkissoon LA, Jain P, Bergthold G, Wala J, Zeid R, Schumacher SE, Urbanski L, O'Rourke R, Gibson WJ, Pelton K, Ramkissoon SH, Han HJ, Zhu Y, Choudhari N, Silva A, Boucher K, Henn RE, Kang YJ, Knoff D, Paolella BR, Gladden-Young A, Varlet P, Pages M, Horowitz PM, Federation A, Malkin H, Tracy AA, Seepo S, Ducar M, Van Hummelen P, Santi M, Buccoliero AM, Scagnet M, Bowers DC, Giannini C, Puget S, Hawkins C, Tabori U, Klekner A, Bognar L, Burger PC, Eberhart C, Rodriguez FJ, Hill DA, Mueller S, Haas-Kogan DA, Phillips JJ, Santagata S, Stiles CD, Bradner JE, Jabado N, Goren A, Grill J, Ligon AH, Goumnerova L, Waanders AJ, Storm PB, Kieran MW, Ligon KL, Beroukhim R, Resnick AC. MYB-QKI rearrangements in angiocentric glioma drive tumorigenicity through a tripartite mechanism. Nat Genet. 2016 Mar; 48(3):273-82. PMID: 26829751; PMCID: PMC4767685.
  29. Abedalthagafi M, Bi WL, Aizer AA, Merrill PH, Brewster R, Agarwalla PK, Listewnik ML, Dias-Santagata D, Thorner AR, Van Hummelen P, Brastianos PK, Reardon DA, Wen PY, Al-Mefty O, Ramkissoon SH, Folkerth RD, Ligon KL, Ligon AH, Alexander BM, Dunn IF, Beroukhim R, Santagata S. Oncogenic PI3K mutations are as common as AKT1 and SMO mutations in meningioma. Neuro Oncol. 2016 May; 18(5):649-55. PMID: 26826201; PMCID: PMC4827048 [Available on 05/01/17].
  30. Diamandis P, Ferrer-Luna R, Huang RY, Folkerth RD, Ligon AH, Wen PY, Beroukhim R, Ligon KL, Ramkissoon SH. Case Report: Next generation sequencing identifies a NAB2-STAT6 fusion in Glioblastoma. Diagn Pathol. 2016 Jan 27; 11:13. PMID: 26817999; PMCID: PMC4729030.
  31. Bandopadhayay P, Silvera VM, Ciarlini PD, Malkin H, Bi WL, Bergthold G, Faisal AM, Ullrich NJ, Marcus K, Scott RM, Beroukhim R, Manley PE, Chi SN, Ligon KL, Goumnerova LC, Kieran MW. Myxopapillary ependymomas in children: imaging, treatment and outcomes. J Neurooncol. 2016 Jan; 126(1):165-74. PMID: 26468139.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Chapuy B, Roemer MG, Stewart C, Tan Y, Abo RP, Zhang L, Dunford AJ, Meredith DM, Thorner AR, Jordanova ES, Liu G, Feuerhake F, Ducar MD, Illerhaus G, Gusenleitner D, Linden EA, Sun HH, Homer H, Aono M, Pinkus GS, Ligon AH, Ligon KL, Ferry JA, Freeman GJ, van Hummelen P, Golub TR, Getz G, Rodig SJ, de Jong D, Monti S, Shipp MA. Targetable genetic features of primary testicular and primary central nervous system lymphomas. Blood. 2016 Feb 18; 127(7):869-81. PMID: 26702065; PMCID: PMC4760091 [Available on 02/18/17].
  33. Chadwick EJ, Yang DP, Filbin MG, Mazzola E, Sun Y, Behar O, Pazyra-Murphy MF, Goumnerova L, Ligon KL, Stiles CD, Segal RA. A Brain Tumor/Organotypic Slice Co-culture System for Studying Tumor Microenvironment and Targeted Drug Therapies. J Vis Exp. 2015 Nov 07; (105):e53304. PMID: 26575352; PMCID: PMC4692695 [Available on 11/07/16].
  34. Reardon DA, Gokhale PC, Klein SR, Ligon KL, Rodig SJ, Ramkissoon SH, Jones KL, Conway AS, Liao X, Zhou J, Wen PY, Van Den Abbeele AD, Hodi FS, Qin L, Kohl NE, Sharpe AH, Dranoff G, Freeman GJ. Glioblastoma Eradication Following Immune Checkpoint Blockade in an Orthotopic, Immunocompetent Model. Cancer Immunol Res. 2016 Feb; 4(2):124-35. PMID: 26546453.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Verreault M, Schmitt C, Goldwirt L, Pelton K, Haidar S, Levasseur C, Guehennec J, Knoff D, Labussière M, Marie Y, Ligon AH, Mokhtari K, Hoang-Xuan K, Sanson M, Alexander BM, Wen PY, Delattre JY, Ligon KL, Idbaih A. Preclinical Efficacy of the MDM2 Inhibitor RG7112 in MDM2-Amplified and TP53 Wild-type Glioblastomas. Clin Cancer Res. 2016 Mar 01; 22(5):1185-96. PMID: 26482041; PMCID: PMC4842012 [Available on 03/01/17].
  36. Butowski N, Colman H, De Groot JF, Omuro AM, Nayak L, Wen PY, Cloughesy TF, Marimuthu A, Haidar S, Perry A, Huse J, Phillips J, West BL, Nolop KB, Hsu HH, Ligon KL, Molinaro AM, Prados M. Orally administered colony stimulating factor 1 receptor inhibitor PLX3397 in recurrent glioblastoma: an Ivy Foundation Early Phase Clinical Trials Consortium phase II study. Neuro Oncol. 2016 Apr; 18(4):557-64. PMID: 26449250; PMCID: PMC4799682 [Available on 04/01/17].
  37. Brastianos PK, Carter SL, Santagata S, Cahill DP, Taylor-Weiner A, Jones RT, Van Allen EM, Lawrence MS, Horowitz PM, Cibulskis K, Ligon KL, Tabernero J, Seoane J, Martinez-Saez E, Curry WT, Dunn IF, Paek SH, Park SH, McKenna A, Chevalier A, Rosenberg M, Barker FG, Gill CM, Van Hummelen P, Thorner AR, Johnson BE, Hoang MP, Choueiri TK, Signoretti S, Sougnez C, Rabin MS, Lin NU, Winer EP, Stemmer-Rachamimov A, Meyerson M, Garraway L, Gabriel S, Lander ES, Beroukhim R, Batchelor TT, Baselga J, Louis DN, Getz G, Hahn WC. Genomic Characterization of Brain Metastases Reveals Branched Evolution and Potential Therapeutic Targets. Cancer Discov. 2015 Nov; 5(11):1164-1177. PMID: 26410082; PMCID: PMC4916970.
  38. Gutman DA, Dunn WD, Grossmann P, Cooper LA, Holder CA, Ligon KL, Alexander BM, Aerts HJ. Somatic mutations associated with MRI-derived volumetric features in glioblastoma. Neuroradiology. 2015 Dec; 57(12):1227-37. PMID: 26337765; PMCID: PMC4648958.
  39. Aizer AA, Abedalthagafi M, Bi WL, Horvath MC, Arvold ND, Al-Mefty O, Lee EQ, Nayak L, Rinne ML, Norden AD, Reardon DA, Wen PY, Ligon KL, Ligon AH, Beroukhim R, Dunn IF, Santagata S, Alexander BM. A prognostic cytogenetic scoring system to guide the adjuvant management of patients with atypical meningioma. Neuro Oncol. 2016 Feb; 18(2):269-74. PMID: 26323607; PMCID: PMC4724184 [Available on 02/01/17].
  40. Shankar GM, Francis JM, Rinne ML, Ramkissoon SH, Huang FW, Venteicher AS, Akama-Garren EH, Kang YJ, Lelic N, Kim JC, Brown LE, Charbonneau SK, Golby AJ, Sekhar Pedamallu C, Hoang MP, Sullivan RJ, Cherniack AD, Garraway LA, Stemmer-Rachamimov A, Reardon DA, Wen PY, Brastianos PK, Curry WT, Barker FG, Hahn WC, Nahed BV, Ligon KL, Louis DN, Cahill DP, Meyerson M. Rapid Intraoperative Molecular Characterization of Glioma. JAMA Oncol. 2015 Aug; 1(5):662-7. PMID: 26181761; PMCID: PMC4872045.
  41. Kang YJ, Bi WL, Dubuc AM, Martineau L, Ligon AH, Berkowitz AL, Aizer AA, Lee EQ, Ligon KL, Ramkissoon SH, Dunn IF. Integrated Genomic Characterization of a Pineal Parenchymal Tumor of Intermediate Differentiation. World Neurosurg. 2016 Jan; 85:96-105. PMID: 26226092.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Reardon DA, Ligon KL, Chiocca EA, Wen PY. One size should not fit all: advancing toward personalized glioblastoma therapy. Discov Med. 2015 Jun; 19(107):471-7. PMID: 26175405.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Prados MD, Byron SA, Tran NL, Phillips JJ, Molinaro AM, Ligon KL, Wen PY, Kuhn JG, Mellinghoff IK, de Groot JF, Colman H, Cloughesy TF, Chang SM, Ryken TC, Tembe WD, Kiefer JA, Berens ME, Craig DW, Carpten JD, Trent JM. Toward precision medicine in glioblastoma: the promise and the challenges. Neuro Oncol. 2015 Aug; 17(8):1051-63. PMID: 25934816; PMCID: PMC4490873 [Available on 08/01/16].
  44. Lee EQ, Kaley TJ, Duda DG, Schiff D, Lassman AB, Wong ET, Mikkelsen T, Purow BW, Muzikansky A, Ancukiewicz M, Huse JT, Ramkissoon S, Drappatz J, Norden AD, Beroukhim R, Weiss SE, Alexander BM, McCluskey CS, Gerard M, Smith KH, Jain RK, Batchelor TT, Ligon KL, Wen PY. A Multicenter, Phase II, Randomized, Noncomparative Clinical Trial of Radiation and Temozolomide with or without Vandetanib in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Patients. Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Aug 15; 21(16):3610-8. PMID: 25910950; PMCID: PMC4790106.
  45. Zhang CZ, Adalsteinsson VA, Francis J, Cornils H, Jung J, Maire C, Ligon KL, Meyerson M, Love JC. Calibrating genomic and allelic coverage bias in single-cell sequencing. Nat Commun. 2015 Apr 16; 6:6822. PMID: 25879913; PMCID: PMC4922254.
  46. Kim D, Fiske BP, Birsoy K, Freinkman E, Kami K, Possemato RL, Chudnovsky Y, Pacold ME, Chen WW, Cantor JR, Shelton LM, Gui DY, Kwon M, Ramkissoon SH, Ligon KL, Kang SW, Snuderl M, Vander Heiden MG, Sabatini DM. SHMT2 drives glioma cell survival in ischaemia but imposes a dependence on glycine clearance. Nature. 2015 Apr 16; 520(7547):363-7. PMID: 25855294; PMCID: PMC4533874.
  47. Arvold ND, Tanguturi SK, Aizer AA, Wen PY, Reardon DA, Lee EQ, Nayak L, Christianson LW, Horvath MC, Dunn IF, Golby AJ, Johnson MD, Claus EB, Chiocca EA, Ligon KL, Alexander BM. Hypofractionated versus standard radiation therapy with or without temozolomide for older glioblastoma patients. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Jun 01; 92(2):384-9. PMID: 25841623.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Bergthold G, Bandopadhayay P, Hoshida Y, Ramkissoon S, Ramkissoon L, Rich B, Maire CL, Paolella BR, Schumacher SE, Tabak B, Ferrer-Luna R, Ozek M, Sav A, Santagata S, Wen PY, Goumnerova LC, Ligon AH, Stiles C, Segal R, Golub T, Grill J, Ligon KL, Chan JA, Kieran MW, Beroukhim R. Expression profiles of 151 pediatric low-grade gliomas reveal molecular differences associated with location and histological subtype. Neuro Oncol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):1486-96. PMID: 25825052; PMCID: PMC4648300 [Available on 11/01/16].
  49. Du Z, Abedalthagafi M, Aizer AA, McHenry AR, Sun HH, Bray MA, Viramontes O, Machaidze R, Brastianos PK, Reardon DA, Dunn IF, Freeman GJ, Ligon KL, Carpenter AE, Alexander BM, Agar NY, Rodig SJ, Bradshaw EM, Santagata S. Increased expression of the immune modulatory molecule PD-L1 (CD274) in anaplastic meningioma. Oncotarget. 2015 Mar 10; 6(7):4704-16. PMID: 25609200; PMCID: PMC4467109.
  50. Ramkissoon SH, Bi WL, Schumacher SE, Ramkissoon LA, Haidar S, Knoff D, Dubuc A, Brown L, Burns M, Cryan JB, Abedalthagafi M, Kang YJ, Schultz N, Reardon DA, Lee EQ, Rinne ML, Norden AD, Nayak L, Ruland S, Doherty LM, LaFrankie DC, Horvath M, Aizer AA, Russo A, Arvold ND, Claus EB, Al-Mefty O, Johnson MD, Golby AJ, Dunn IF, Chiocca EA, Trippa L, Santagata S, Folkerth RD, Kantoff P, Rollins BJ, Lindeman NI, Wen PY, Ligon AH, Beroukhim R, Alexander BM, Ligon KL. Clinical implementation of integrated whole-genome copy number and mutation profiling for glioblastoma. Neuro Oncol. 2015 Oct; 17(10):1344-55. PMID: 25754088; PMCID: PMC4578577 [Available on 10/01/16].
  51. Elliott G, Hong C, Xing X, Zhou X, Li D, Coarfa C, Bell RJ, Maire CL, Ligon KL, Sigaroudinia M, Gascard P, Tlsty TD, Harris RA, Schalkwyk LC, Bilenky M, Mill J, Farnham PJ, Kellis M, Marra MA, Milosavljevic A, Hirst M, Stormo GD, Wang T, Costello JF. Intermediate DNA methylation is a conserved signature of genome regulation. Nat Commun. 2015 Feb 18; 6:6363. PMID: 25691127; PMCID: PMC4333717.
  52. Mistry M, Zhukova N, Merico D, Rakopoulos P, Krishnatry R, Shago M, Stavropoulos J, Alon N, Pole JD, Ray PN, Navickiene V, Mangerel J, Remke M, Buczkowicz P, Ramaswamy V, Guerreiro Stucklin A, Li M, Young EJ, Zhang C, Castelo-Branco P, Bakry D, Laughlin S, Shlien A, Chan J, Ligon KL, Rutka JT, Dirks PB, Taylor MD, Greenberg M, Malkin D, Huang A, Bouffet E, Hawkins CE, Tabori U. BRAF mutation and CDKN2A deletion define a clinically distinct subgroup of childhood secondary high-grade glioma. J Clin Oncol. 2015 Mar 20; 33(9):1015-22. PMID: 25667294; PMCID: PMC4356711.
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  105. Panageas KS, Iwamoto FM, Cloughesy TF, Aldape KD, Rivera AL, Eichler AF, Louis DN, Paleologos NA, Fisher BJ, Ashby LS, Cairncross JG, Roldán Urgoiti GB, Wen PY, Ligon KL, Schiff D, Robins HI, Rocque BG, Chamberlain MC, Mason WP, Weaver SA, Green RM, Kamar FG, Abrey LE, Deangelis LM, Jhanwar SC, Rosenblum MK, Lassman AB. Initial treatment patterns over time for anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors. Neuro Oncol. 2012 Jun; 14(6):761-7. PMID: 22661585; PMCID: PMC3367843.
  106. Wen PY, Lee EQ, Reardon DA, Ligon KL, Alfred Yung WK. Current clinical development of PI3K pathway inhibitors in glioblastoma. Neuro Oncol. 2012 Jul; 14(7):819-29. PMID: 22619466; PMCID: PMC3379803.
  107. Dunn GP, Rinne ML, Wykosky J, Genovese G, Quayle SN, Dunn IF, Agarwalla PK, Chheda MG, Campos B, Wang A, Brennan C, Ligon KL, Furnari F, Cavenee WK, Depinho RA, Chin L, Hahn WC. Emerging insights into the molecular and cellular basis of glioblastoma. Genes Dev. 2012 Apr 15; 26(8):756-84. PMID: 22508724; PMCID: PMC3337451.
  108. Poduri A, Evrony GD, Cai X, Elhosary PC, Beroukhim R, Lehtinen MK, Hills LB, Heinzen EL, Hill A, Hill RS, Barry BJ, Bourgeois BF, Riviello JJ, Barkovich AJ, Black PM, Ligon KL, Walsh CA. Somatic activation of AKT3 causes hemispheric developmental brain malformations. Neuron. 2012 Apr 12; 74(1):41-8. PMID: 22500628; PMCID: PMC3460551.
  109. Koivunen P, Lee S, Duncan CG, Lopez G, Lu G, Ramkissoon S, Losman JA, Joensuu P, Bergmann U, Gross S, Travins J, Weiss S, Looper R, Ligon KL, Verhaak RG, Yan H, Kaelin WG. Transformation by the (R)-enantiomer of 2-hydroxyglutarate linked to EGLN activation. Nature. 2012 Feb 15; 483(7390):484-8. PMID: 22343896; PMCID: PMC3656605.
  110. Rodriguez FJ, Orr BA, Ligon KL, Eberhart CG. Neoplastic cells are a rare component in human glioblastoma microvasculature. Oncotarget. 2012 Jan; 3(1):98-106. PMID: 22298889; PMCID: PMC3292896.
  111. Eberlin LS, Norton I, Dill AL, Golby AJ, Ligon KL, Santagata S, Cooks RG, Agar NY. Classifying human brain tumors by lipid imaging with mass spectrometry. Cancer Res. 2012 Feb 01; 72(3):645-54. PMID: 22139378; PMCID: PMC3271168.
  112. Tian Y, Rich BE, Vena N, Craig JM, Macconaill LE, Rajaram V, Goldman S, Taha H, Mahmoud M, Ozek M, Sav A, Longtine JA, Lindeman NI, Garraway LA, Ligon AH, Stiles CD, Santagata S, Chan JA, Kieran MW, Ligon KL. Detection of KIAA1549-BRAF fusion transcripts in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded pediatric low-grade gliomas. J Mol Diagn. 2011 Nov; 13(6):669-77. PMID: 21884820; PMCID: PMC3194058.
  113. Okamoto N, Yasukawa M, Nguyen C, Kasim V, Maida Y, Possemato R, Shibata T, Ligon KL, Fukami K, Hahn WC, Masutomi K. Maintenance of tumor initiating cells of defined genetic composition by nucleostemin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Dec 20; 108(51):20388-93. PMID: 21730156; PMCID: PMC3251068.
  114. Lassman AB, Iwamoto FM, Cloughesy TF, Aldape KD, Rivera AL, Eichler AF, Louis DN, Paleologos NA, Fisher BJ, Ashby LS, Cairncross JG, Roldán GB, Wen PY, Ligon KL, Schiff D, Robins HI, Rocque BG, Chamberlain MC, Mason WP, Weaver SA, Green RM, Kamar FG, Abrey LE, DeAngelis LM, Jhanwar SC, Rosenblum MK, Panageas KS. International retrospective study of over 1000 adults with anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors. Neuro Oncol. 2011 Jun; 13(6):649-59. PMID: 21636710; PMCID: PMC3107101.
  115. Gabriely G, Yi M, Narayan RS, Niers JM, Wurdinger T, Imitola J, Ligon KL, Kesari S, Esau C, Stephens RM, Tannous BA, Krichevsky AM. Human glioma growth is controlled by microRNA-10b. Cancer Res. 2011 May 15; 71(10):3563-72. PMID: 21471404; PMCID: PMC3096675.
  116. Dias-Santagata D, Lam Q, Vernovsky K, Vena N, Lennerz JK, Borger DR, Batchelor TT, Ligon KL, Iafrate AJ, Ligon AH, Louis DN, Santagata S. BRAF V600E mutations are common in pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma: diagnostic and therapeutic implications. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 29; 6(3):e17948. PMID: 21479234; PMCID: PMC3066220.
  117. Maire CL, Ligon KL. Glioma models: new GEMMs add "class" with genomic and expression correlations. Cancer Cell. 2011 Mar 08; 19(3):295-7. PMID: 21397851.
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  118. Mehta S, Huillard E, Kesari S, Maire CL, Golebiowski D, Harrington EP, Alberta JA, Kane MF, Theisen M, Ligon KL, Rowitch DH, Stiles CD. The central nervous system-restricted transcription factor Olig2 opposes p53 responses to genotoxic damage in neural progenitors and malignant glioma. Cancer Cell. 2011 Mar 08; 19(3):359-71. PMID: 21397859; PMCID: PMC3070398.
  119. Agar NY, Golby AJ, Ligon KL, Norton I, Mohan V, Wiseman JM, Tannenbaum A, Jolesz FA. Development of stereotactic mass spectrometry for brain tumor surgery. Neurosurgery. 2011 Feb; 68(2):280-89; discussion 290. PMID: 21135749; PMCID: PMC3678259.
  120. Cho YJ, Tsherniak A, Tamayo P, Santagata S, Ligon A, Greulich H, Berhoukim R, Amani V, Goumnerova L, Eberhart CG, Lau CC, Olson JM, Gilbertson RJ, Gajjar A, Delattre O, Kool M, Ligon K, Meyerson M, Mesirov JP, Pomeroy SL. Integrative genomic analysis of medulloblastoma identifies a molecular subgroup that drives poor clinical outcome. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Apr 10; 29(11):1424-30. PMID: 21098324; PMCID: PMC3082983.
  121. Eberlin LS, Dill AL, Golby AJ, Ligon KL, Wiseman JM, Cooks RG, Agar NY. Discrimination of human astrocytoma subtypes by lipid analysis using desorption electrospray ionization imaging mass spectrometry. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2010 Aug 09; 49(34):5953-6. PMID: 20602384; PMCID: PMC3021787.
  122. McIntire MG, Santagata S, Ligon K, Chirieac LR. Epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of the lung. Am J Transl Res. 2010 May 16; 2(3):309-15. PMID: 20589169; PMCID: PMC2892406.
  123. Drappatz J, Norden AD, Wong ET, Doherty LM, Lafrankie DC, Ciampa A, Kesari S, Sceppa C, Gerard M, Phan P, Schiff D, Batchelor TT, Ligon KL, Young G, Muzikansky A, Weiss SE, Wen PY. Phase I study of vandetanib with radiotherapy and temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010 Sep 01; 78(1):85-90. PMID: 20137866.
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  124. Mukasa A, Wykosky J, Ligon KL, Chin L, Cavenee WK, Furnari F. Mutant EGFR is required for maintenance of glioma growth in vivo, and its ablation leads to escape from receptor dependence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 09; 107(6):2616-21. PMID: 20133782; PMCID: PMC2823874.
  125. Wen PY, Yung WK, Lamborn KR, Norden AD, Cloughesy TF, Abrey LE, Fine HA, Chang SM, Robins HI, Fink K, Deangelis LM, Mehta M, Di Tomaso E, Drappatz J, Kesari S, Ligon KL, Aldape K, Jain RK, Stiles CD, Egorin MJ, Prados MD. Phase II study of imatinib mesylate for recurrent meningiomas (North American Brain Tumor Consortium study 01-08). Neuro Oncol. 2009 Dec; 11(6):853-60. PMID: 19293394; PMCID: PMC2802405.
  126. Santagata S, Maire CL, Idbaih A, Geffers L, Correll M, Holton K, Quackenbush J, Ligon KL. CRX is a diagnostic marker of retinal and pineal lineage tumors. PLoS One. 2009 Nov 20; 4(11):e7932. PMID: 19936203; PMCID: PMC2775954.
  127. MacConaill LE, Campbell CD, Kehoe SM, Bass AJ, Hatton C, Niu L, Davis M, Yao K, Hanna M, Mondal C, Luongo L, Emery CM, Baker AC, Philips J, Goff DJ, Fiorentino M, Rubin MA, Polyak K, Chan J, Wang Y, Fletcher JA, Santagata S, Corso G, Roviello F, Shivdasani R, Kieran MW, Ligon KL, Stiles CD, Hahn WC, Meyerson ML, Garraway LA. Profiling critical cancer gene mutations in clinical tumor samples. PLoS One. 2009 Nov 18; 4(11):e7887. PMID: 19924296; PMCID: PMC2774511.
  128. Paik JH, Ding Z, Narurkar R, Ramkissoon S, Muller F, Kamoun WS, Chae SS, Zheng H, Ying H, Mahoney J, Hiller D, Jiang S, Protopopov A, Wong WH, Chin L, Ligon KL, DePinho RA. FoxOs cooperatively regulate diverse pathways governing neural stem cell homeostasis. Cell Stem Cell. 2009 Nov 06; 5(5):540-53. PMID: 19896444; PMCID: PMC3285492.
  129. Snuderl M, Eichler AF, Ligon KL, Vu QU, Silver M, Betensky RA, Ligon AH, Wen PY, Louis DN, Iafrate AJ. Polysomy for chromosomes 1 and 19 predicts earlier recurrence in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with concurrent 1p/19q loss. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Oct 15; 15(20):6430-7. PMID: 19808867; PMCID: PMC2818514.
  130. Emery B, Agalliu D, Cahoy JD, Watkins TA, Dugas JC, Mulinyawe SB, Ibrahim A, Ligon KL, Rowitch DH, Barres BA. Myelin gene regulatory factor is a critical transcriptional regulator required for CNS myelination. Cell. 2009 Jul 10; 138(1):172-85. PMID: 19596243; PMCID: PMC2757090.
  131. Idbaih A, Crinière E, Ligon KL, Delattre O, Delattre JY. Array-based genomics in glioma research. Brain Pathol. 2010 Jan; 20(1):28-38. PMID: 19298630.
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  132. Zheng H, Ying H, Yan H, Kimmelman AC, Hiller DJ, Chen AJ, Perry SR, Tonon G, Chu GC, Ding Z, Stommel JM, Dunn KL, Wiedemeyer R, You MJ, Brennan C, Wang YA, Ligon KL, Wong WH, Chin L, dePinho RA. Pten and p53 converge on c-Myc to control differentiation, self-renewal, and transformation of normal and neoplastic stem cells in glioblastoma. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2008; 73:427-37. PMID: 19150964.
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  133. Agarwalla PK, Dunn IF, Turner CD, Ligon KL, Schneider KA, Smith ER. A novel TP53 germline mutation in a family with a history of multiple malignancies: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2008; 44(6):501-8. PMID: 19127094.
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  134. Saad A, Folkerth R, Poussaint T, Smith E, Ligon K. Meningioangiomatosis associated with meningioma: a case report. Acta Cytol. 2009 Jan-Feb; 53(1):93-7. PMID: 19248561.
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  135. Kesari S, Schiff D, Drappatz J, LaFrankie D, Doherty L, Macklin EA, Muzikansky A, Santagata S, Ligon KL, Norden AD, Ciampa A, Bradshaw J, Levy B, Radakovic G, Ramakrishna N, Black PM, Wen PY. Phase II study of protracted daily temozolomide for low-grade gliomas in adults. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Jan 01; 15(1):330-7. PMID: 19118062.
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  136. Zheng H, Ying H, Yan H, Kimmelman AC, Hiller DJ, Chen AJ, Perry SR, Tonon G, Chu GC, Ding Z, Stommel JM, Dunn KL, Wiedemeyer R, You MJ, Brennan C, Wang YA, Ligon KL, Wong WH, Chin L, DePinho RA. p53 and Pten control neural and glioma stem/progenitor cell renewal and differentiation. Nature. 2008 Oct 23; 455(7216):1129-33. PMID: 18948956; PMCID: PMC4051433.
  137. Schüller U, Heine VM, Mao J, Kho AT, Dillon AK, Han YG, Huillard E, Sun T, Ligon AH, Qian Y, Ma Q, Alvarez-Buylla A, McMahon AP, Rowitch DH, Ligon KL. Acquisition of granule neuron precursor identity is a critical determinant of progenitor cell competence to form Shh-induced medulloblastoma. Cancer Cell. 2008 Aug 12; 14(2):123-34. PMID: 18691547; PMCID: PMC2597270.
  138. Kesari S, Schiff D, Henson JW, Muzikansky A, Gigas DC, Doherty L, Batchelor TT, Longtine JA, Ligon KL, Weaver S, Laforme A, Ramakrishna N, Black PM, Drappatz J, Ciampa A, Folkman J, Kieran M, Wen PY. Phase II study of temozolomide, thalidomide, and celecoxib for newly diagnosed glioblastoma in adults. Neuro Oncol. 2008 Jun; 10(3):300-8. PMID: 18403492; PMCID: PMC2563052.
  139. Wiedemeyer R, Brennan C, Heffernan TP, Xiao Y, Mahoney J, Protopopov A, Zheng H, Bignell G, Furnari F, Cavenee WK, Hahn WC, Ichimura K, Collins VP, Chu GC, Stratton MR, Ligon KL, Futreal PA, Chin L. Feedback circuit among INK4 tumor suppressors constrains human glioblastoma development. Cancer Cell. 2008 Apr; 13(4):355-64. PMID: 18394558; PMCID: PMC2292238.
  140. Billiards SS, Haynes RL, Folkerth RD, Borenstein NS, Trachtenberg FL, Rowitch DH, Ligon KL, Volpe JJ, Kinney HC. Myelin abnormalities without oligodendrocyte loss in periventricular leukomalacia. Brain Pathol. 2008 Apr; 18(2):153-63. PMID: 18177464; PMCID: PMC2770329.
  141. Monje ML, Vogel H, Masek M, Ligon KL, Fisher PG, Palmer TD. Impaired human hippocampal neurogenesis after treatment for central nervous system malignancies. Ann Neurol. 2007 Nov; 62(5):515-20. PMID: 17786983.
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  142. Furnari FB, Fenton T, Bachoo RM, Mukasa A, Stommel JM, Stegh A, Hahn WC, Ligon KL, Louis DN, Brennan C, Chin L, DePinho RA, Cavenee WK. Malignant astrocytic glioma: genetics, biology, and paths to treatment. Genes Dev. 2007 Nov 01; 21(21):2683-710. PMID: 17974913.
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  143. Stommel JM, Kimmelman AC, Ying H, Nabioullin R, Ponugoti AH, Wiedemeyer R, Stegh AH, Bradner JE, Ligon KL, Brennan C, Chin L, DePinho RA. Coactivation of receptor tyrosine kinases affects the response of tumor cells to targeted therapies. Science. 2007 Oct 12; 318(5848):287-90. PMID: 17872411.
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  144. Santagata S, Ligon KL, Hornick JL. Embryonic stem cell transcription factor signatures in the diagnosis of primary and metastatic germ cell tumors. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 Jun; 31(6):836-45. PMID: 17527070.
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  145. Ramsey MR, Krishnamurthy J, Pei XH, Torrice C, Lin W, Carrasco DR, Ligon KL, Xiong Y, Sharpless NE. Expression of p16Ink4a compensates for p18Ink4c loss in cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6-dependent tumors and tissues. Cancer Res. 2007 May 15; 67(10):4732-41. PMID: 17510401.
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  146. Ligon KL, Huillard E, Mehta S, Kesari S, Liu H, Alberta JA, Bachoo RM, Kane M, Louis DN, Depinho RA, Anderson DJ, Stiles CD, Rowitch DH. Olig2-regulated lineage-restricted pathway controls replication competence in neural stem cells and malignant glioma. Neuron. 2007 Feb 15; 53(4):503-17. PMID: 17296553; PMCID: PMC1810344.
  147. Leach NT, Sun Y, Michaud S, Zheng Y, Ligon KL, Ligon AH, Sander T, Korf BR, Lu W, Harris DJ, Gusella JF, Maas RL, Quade BJ, Cole AJ, Kelz MB, Morton CC. Disruption of diacylglycerol kinase delta (DGKD) associated with seizures in humans and mice. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Apr; 80(4):792-9. PMID: 17357084; PMCID: PMC1852716.
  148. Byers RJ, Di Vizio D, O'connell F, Tholouli E, Levenson RM, Gossage K, Gossard K, Twomey D, Yang Y, Benedettini E, Rose J, Ligon KL, Finn SP, Golub TR, Loda M. Semiautomated multiplexed quantum dot-based in situ hybridization and spectral deconvolution. J Mol Diagn. 2007 Feb; 9(1):20-9. PMID: 17251332; PMCID: PMC2248801.
  149. Rousseau A, Nutt CL, Betensky RA, Iafrate AJ, Han M, Ligon KL, Rowitch DH, Louis DN. Expression of oligodendroglial and astrocytic lineage markers in diffuse gliomas: use of YKL-40, ApoE, ASCL1, and NKX2-2. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2006 Dec; 65(12):1149-56. PMID: 17146289.
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  150. Santagata S, Hornick JL, Ligon KL. Comparative analysis of germ cell transcription factors in CNS germinoma reveals diagnostic utility of NANOG. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006 Dec; 30(12):1613-8. PMID: 17122519.
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  151. Maher EA, Brennan C, Wen PY, Durso L, Ligon KL, Richardson A, Khatry D, Feng B, Sinha R, Louis DN, Quackenbush J, Black PM, Chin L, DePinho RA. Marked genomic differences characterize primary and secondary glioblastoma subtypes and identify two distinct molecular and clinical secondary glioblastoma entities. Cancer Res. 2006 Dec 01; 66(23):11502-13. PMID: 17114236.
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  152. Mao J, Ligon KL, Rakhlin EY, Thayer SP, Bronson RT, Rowitch D, McMahon AP. A novel somatic mouse model to survey tumorigenic potential applied to the Hedgehog pathway. Cancer Res. 2006 Oct 15; 66(20):10171-8. PMID: 17047082; PMCID: PMC3806052.
  153. Krishnamurthy J, Ramsey MR, Ligon KL, Torrice C, Koh A, Bonner-Weir S, Sharpless NE. p16INK4a induces an age-dependent decline in islet regenerative potential. Nature. 2006 Sep 28; 443(7110):453-7. PMID: 16957737.
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  154. Ligon KL, Fancy SP, Franklin RJ, Rowitch DH. Olig gene function in CNS development and disease. Glia. 2006 Jul; 54(1):1-10. PMID: 16652341.
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  155. Ligon KL, Kesari S, Kitada M, Sun T, Arnett HA, Alberta JA, Anderson DJ, Stiles CD, Rowitch DH. Development of NG2 neural progenitor cells requires Olig gene function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 May 16; 103(20):7853-8. PMID: 16682644; PMCID: PMC1472534.
  156. Sun T, Hafler BP, Kaing S, Kitada M, Ligon KL, Widlund HR, Yuk DI, Stiles CD, Rowitch DH. Evidence for motoneuron lineage-specific regulation of Olig2 in the vertebrate neural tube. Dev Biol. 2006 Apr 01; 292(1):152-64. PMID: 16469306.
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  157. Dong S, Nutt CL, Betensky RA, Stemmer-Rachamimov AO, Denko NC, Ligon KL, Rowitch DH, Louis DN. Histology-based expression profiling yields novel prognostic markers in human glioblastoma. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2005 Nov; 64(11):948-55. PMID: 16254489; PMCID: PMC1557632.
  158. Gaviani P, Schwartz RB, Hedley-Whyte ET, Ligon KL, Robicsek A, Schaefer P, Henson JW. Diffusion-weighted imaging of fungal cerebral infection. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 May; 26(5):1115-21. PMID: 15891169.
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  159. Bachoo RM, Kim RS, Ligon KL, Maher EA, Brennan C, Billings N, Chan S, Li C, Rowitch DH, Wong WH, DePinho RA. Molecular diversity of astrocytes with implications for neurological disorders. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Jun 01; 101(22):8384-9. PMID: 15155908; PMCID: PMC420403.
  160. Ligon KL, Alberta JA, Kho AT, Weiss J, Kwaan MR, Nutt CL, Louis DN, Stiles CD, Rowitch DH. The oligodendroglial lineage marker OLIG2 is universally expressed in diffuse gliomas. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2004 May; 63(5):499-509. PMID: 15198128.
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  161. Ligon KL, Echelard Y, Assimacopoulos S, Danielian PS, Kaing S, Grove EA, McMahon AP, Rowitch DH. Loss of Emx2 function leads to ectopic expression of Wnt1 in the developing telencephalon and cortical dysplasia. Development. 2003 May; 130(10):2275-87. PMID: 12668639.
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  162. Picker JD, Puga AC, Levy HL, Marsden D, Shih VE, Degirolami U, Ligon KL, Cederbaum SD, Kern RM, Cox GF. Arginase deficiency with lethal neonatal expression: evidence for the glutamine hypothesis of cerebral edema. J Pediatr. 2003 Mar; 142(3):349-52. PMID: 12640389.
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  163. Bachoo RM, Maher EA, Ligon KL, Sharpless NE, Chan SS, You MJ, Tang Y, DeFrances J, Stover E, Weissleder R, Rowitch DH, Louis DN, DePinho RA. Epidermal growth factor receptor and Ink4a/Arf: convergent mechanisms governing terminal differentiation and transformation along the neural stem cell to astrocyte axis. Cancer Cell. 2002 Apr; 1(3):269-77. PMID: 12086863.
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  164. Black BL, Ligon KL, Zhang Y, Olson EN. Cooperative transcriptional activation by the neurogenic basic helix-loop-helix protein MASH1 and members of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2) family. J Biol Chem. 1996 Oct 25; 271(43):26659-63. PMID: 8900141.
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  165. Cserjesi P, Brown D, Ligon KL, Lyons GE, Copeland NG, Gilbert DJ, Jenkins NA, Olson EN. Scleraxis: a basic helix-loop-helix protein that prefigures skeletal formation during mouse embryogenesis. Development. 1995 Apr; 121(4):1099-110. PMID: 7743923.
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  166. Burgess R, Cserjesi P, Ligon KL, Olson EN. Paraxis: a basic helix-loop-helix protein expressed in paraxial mesoderm and developing somites. Dev Biol. 1995 Apr; 168(2):296-306. PMID: 7729571.
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  167. Miano JM, Cserjesi P, Ligon KL, Periasamy M, Olson EN. Smooth muscle myosin heavy chain exclusively marks the smooth muscle lineage during mouse embryogenesis. Circ Res. 1994 Nov; 75(5):803-12. PMID: 7923625.
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  168. Aka K, Bruner JM, Bondy ML, Ligon K, Nishi T, del Giglio A, Moser RP, Levin VA, Saya H. Detection of p53 alterations in human astrocytomas using frozen tissue sections for the polymerase chain reaction. J Neurooncol. 1993 May; 16(2):125-33. PMID: 7904621.
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