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profileBlackford Middleton, M.D.

TitleInstructor
InstitutionHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
DepartmentDiv of Policy Translation & Leadership Dev
AddressHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Ecpe
90 Smith St
Boston MA 02120
Phone781/416-8528
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Collapse awards and honors
1975Regent Scholarship
1982The Buffalo Foundation Student Research Grant
1983Glen H. Leak Memorial Cancer Fellowship
1985Upjohn Achievement Award for Most Outstanding Research Ability
1988National Research Service Award for Fellowship at Stanford University School of Medicine, 1988-1991
1994Fellowship
2000Fellowship
2002Fellowship
2005Partners in Excellence Award
2005US Top 50 Most Powerful Physician Executives (#36)
2005Partners in Excellence Award
2006Partners in Excellence Award
2006Partners in Excellence Award - Smart Forms
2006Top 300 Most Influential People in HealthCare
2010Medical Alumni Achievement Award for Accomplishments and Leadership in the Field of Medicine
2010HIMSS 50 in 50: Memorable Contributions in the 50 year history of HIMSS
2010US Top 25 Clinical Informaticists
2013Top 100 Healthcare CIOs
2015Top 50 People to know in Health IT

Collapse Overview 
Collapse overview
Blackford Middleton is Chief Informatics and Innovation Officer at Apervita, and past Chairman of the Board of Directors of the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA, 2014-15), and Instructor in the TH Chan Harvard School of Public Health in the Division of Policy Translation and Leadership Development. Previously, he was a professor of Biomedical Informatics, and or of Medicine, at Stanford, Harvard, and Vanderbilt Universities, and he held executive leadership roles at Stanford, MedicaLogic/Medscape, Partners Healthcare, and Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Dr. Middleton’s work is focused on clinical informatics – the applied science surrounding strategy, design, implementation, and evaluation of clinical information systems in complex environments.

From 2013-2014, he was Assistant Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs and Chief Informatics Officer (CIO) at Vanderbilt. During this time he implemented a comprehensive organizational and process redesign to better achieve world-class software development at scale. During his tenure there, Vanderbilt was recognized as one of the “Most Wired” healthcare systems. During his tenure at Vanderbilt, he was also Professor of Biomedical Informatics, and of Medicine, and engaged in mentoring junior faculty, Fellows, and students.

Prior to joining Vanderbilt, he was Corporate Director of Clinical Informatics Research & Development (CIRD) at Partners Healthcare System, Boston, and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and a Lecturer in Health Policy and Management at the Harvard School of Public Health from 2001-2013. His work at Partners HealthCare focused on building an advanced informatics infrastructure to support translational research, and the development and implementation of knowledge-based tools for cloud-based clinical decision support (provider and patient), knowledge engineering, population management, and providing support for technology assessment and comparative effectiveness research. While at Harvard, he was fortunate to lead as PI and collaborate with others in many research grants and contracts including the AHRQ-funded CDS Consortium that resulted in numerous publications reflected on his CV.

Previously, he was Senior Vice President for Clinical Informatics, and Chief Medical Officer, for MedicaLogic/Medscape, a provider of electronic medical records software (Logician™), and professional and patient portals (Medscsape.com, and AboutMyHealth.com) from 1995 to 2001. Prior to that, he was Medical Director of Information Management and Technology at Stanford University Medical Center, from 1992 to 1995. At Stanford he was the first to occupy a CMIO type role and lead the implementation of the first clinical data repository at Stanford, and was PI for the Bay Area Communication and Health Education Network (BAYCHEN, 1991).

Dr. Middleton is nationally and internationally recognized as a thought-leader in healthcare information technology. Currently, Dr. Middleton is a past member of the Board of Directors of the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA, and is Chairman of the Board 2014-15). He also serves on several Editorial Boards. He served as a member of the National Quality Forum Health IT Advisory Council (HITAC) from 2010-12, and on the Board of Stewardship Trustees for the Catholic Health Initiatives (CHI) health system (and Quality, and Strategy sub-committees of the Board) from 2006-12, and the Board of Directors of the CHI Institute for Research and Innovation from 2009-12. He served on the National Advisory Committee of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Aligning Forces for Quality program (Dr. Mark McClellan, Chair). He currently is a member of the China Health Information Management Association International Advisory Board.

Middleton was appointed by US Secretary of Health and Human Services Michael Leavitt to serve on the National Committee of Vital and Health Statistics (NCHVS) and served from 2008-12 on the Quality Committee (Co-Chair), and Population NCVHS sub-committees. He was a co-founder of the Institute for Decision Systems Research in Palo Alto, CA in 1994, and of the Center for Information Technology Leadership (C!TL) at Partners in 2002 and led its research in value-based technology assessment until 2010. He is past Treasurer of the American Telemedicine Association and of the American College of Medical Informatics, and past Chairman of the Computer-based Patient Record Institute (CPRI, 2000), and past Chairman of the Healthcare Information Management & Systems Society (HIMSS, 2005).

Dr. Middleton was recognized by Modern Healthcare as one of the top 300 influential people in Healthcare in 2008 and as one of the US Top 25 Clinical Informaticists in 2010. Dr. Middleton received the SUNY-Buffalo Medical Alumni Achievement Award – “Presented in honor of your extraordinary accomplishments and leadership in the field of medicine” in 2010. He was recognized in 2011 as one of HIMSS 50 in 50: one of 50 individuals who “have made recognized, lasting, and influential contributions to the theory, adoption, and use of healthcare information and management systems” in HIMSS 50 year history, and was recognized as one of the Top 100 Healthcare CIOs in 2014 by Becker’s Hospital Review. Dr. Middleton is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians, the American College of Medical Informatics, and of HIMSS.

Dr. Middleton studied Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He received a Masters in Public Health degree from the Yale University School of Public Health with a dual concentration in Epidemiology, and Health Services Administration. He received an MD from SUNY Buffalo, and was a resident in internal medicine at the University of Connecticut Health Sciences Center. He completed an AHCPR Fellowship in General Internal Medicine at Stanford University, where he received his Master of Science degree in Health Services Research, focusing on clinical informatics.


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The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
     (McCready, Robert)Jun 15, 2016 - Jun 14, 2017
AHRQ
CDS (Clinical Decision Support) Connect
Role Description: An AHRQ-funded and MITRE-led project demonstrating a web-based repository service that enables the broader patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) Clinical Decision Support community to Identify evidence-based standards of care, provide tooling to promote a collaborative model of development, translate and codify information into an interoperable standard.
Role: Subject Matter Expert

U18HS024849     (BLUMENFELD, BARRY H)Apr 1, 2016 - Jan 31, 2020
NIH
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Clinical Decision Support Learning Network (PCOR CDS-LN)
Role: Co-Investigator

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Collapse selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. DeMuro PR, Ash J, Middleton B, Fletcher J, Madison CJ. How Stakeholder Assessment of E-Prescribing Can Help Determine Incentives to Facilitate Management of Care: A Delphi Study. J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2017 Nov; 23(11):1130-1139. PMID: 29083967.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Adler-Milstein J, Embi PJ, Middleton B, Sarkar IN, Smith J. Crossing the health IT chasm: considerations and policy recommendations to overcome current challenges and enable value-based care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Sep 01; 24(5):1036-1043. PMID: 28340128.
    View in: PubMed
  3. DeMuro PR, Ash J, Middleton B, Fletcher J, Madison CJ. A Quality, Benefit, Cost, and Financial Framework for Health Information Technology, E-Prescribing: A Delphi Study. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2017; 241:69-75. PMID: 28809185.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Middleton B, Sittig DF, Wright A. Clinical Decision Support: a 25 Year Retrospective and a 25 Year Vision. Yearb Med Inform. 2016 Aug 02; Suppl 1:S103-16. PMID: 27488402.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Kannry J, Sengstack P, Thyvalikakath TP, Poikonen J, Middleton B, Payne T, Lehmann CU. The Chief Clinical Informatics Officer (CCIO): AMIA Task Force Report on CCIO Knowledge, Education, and Skillset Requirements. Appl Clin Inform. 2016; 7(1):143-76. PMID: 27081413; PMCID: PMC4817341.
  6. Wright A, Sittig DF, Ash JS, Erickson JL, Hickman TT, Paterno M, Gebhardt E, McMullen C, Tsurikova R, Dixon BE, Fraser G, Simonaitis L, Sonnenberg FA, Middleton B. Lessons learned from implementing service-oriented clinical decision support at four sites: A qualitative study. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Nov; 84(11):901-11. PMID: 26343972.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Ash JS, Sittig DF, McMullen CK, Wright A, Bunce A, Mohan V, Cohen DJ, Middleton B. Multiple perspectives on clinical decision support: a qualitative study of fifteen clinical and vendor organizations. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2015 Apr 24; 15:35. PMID: 25903564; PMCID: PMC4447027.
  8. Einbinder J, Hebel E, Wright A, Panzenhagen M, Middleton B. The Number Needed to Remind: a Measure for Assessing CDS Effectiveness. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2014; 2014:506-15. PMID: 25954355; PMCID: PMC4419960.
  9. Middleton B. Chairman's column: health informatics and healthcare transformation--entering the post-EMR era. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Nov-Dec; 21(6):1141-2. PMID: 25301810; PMCID: PMC4215062.
  10. Van Gorp P, Comuzzi M, Jahnen A, Kaymak U, Middleton B. An open platform for personal health record apps with platform-level privacy protection. Comput Biol Med. 2014 Aug; 51:14-23. PMID: 24859286.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Middleton B. President's column: AMIA's policy priorities for 2014. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 May-Jun; 21(3):574. PMID: 24718742; PMCID: PMC3994871.
  12. Dixon BE, Simonaitis L, Perkins SM, Wright A, Middleton B. Measuring agreement between decision support reminders: the cloud vs. the local expert. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2014 Apr 10; 14:31. PMID: 24720863; PMCID: PMC4004460.
  13. Middleton B, Fickenscher KM. Putting the 'i' in iHealth. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jan-Feb; 21(1):192. PMID: 24335251; PMCID: PMC3912722.
  14. Wright A, Ash JS, Erickson JL, Wasserman J, Bunce A, Stanescu A, St Hilaire D, Panzenhagen M, Gebhardt E, McMullen C, Middleton B, Sittig DF. A qualitative study of the activities performed by people involved in clinical decision support: recommended practices for success. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 May-Jun; 21(3):464-72. PMID: 23999670; PMCID: PMC3994853.
  15. Goldberg HS, Paterno MD, Rocha BH, Schaeffer M, Wright A, Erickson JL, Middleton B. A highly scalable, interoperable clinical decision support service. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Feb; 21(e1):e55-62. PMID: 23828174; PMCID: PMC3957399.
  16. Phansalkar S, Desai A, Choksi A, Yoshida E, Doole J, Czochanski M, Tucker AD, Middleton B, Bell D, Bates DW. Criteria for assessing high-priority drug-drug interactions for clinical decision support in electronic health records. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2013 Jun 13; 13(1):65. PMID: 23763856; PMCID: PMC3706355.
  17. Dixon BE, Simonaitis L, Goldberg HS, Paterno MD, Schaeffer M, Hongsermeier T, Wright A, Middleton B. A pilot study of distributed knowledge management and clinical decision support in the cloud. Artif Intell Med. 2013 Sep; 59(1):45-53. PMID: 23545327.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Horsky J, Phansalkar S, Desai A, Bell D, Middleton B. Design of decision support interventions for medication prescribing. Int J Med Inform. 2013 Jun; 82(6):492-503. PMID: 23490305.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Goss FR, Zhou L, Plasek JM, Broverman C, Robinson G, Middleton B, Rocha RA. Evaluating standard terminologies for encoding allergy information. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Sep-Oct; 20(5):969-79. PMID: 23396542; PMCID: PMC3756252.
  20. Middleton B, Bloomrosen M, Dente MA, Hashmat B, Koppel R, Overhage JM, Payne TH, Rosenbloom ST, Weaver C, Zhang J. Enhancing patient safety and quality of care by improving the usability of electronic health record systems: recommendations from AMIA. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Jun; 20(e1):e2-8. PMID: 23355463; PMCID: PMC3715367.
  21. Zhou L, Hongsermeier T, Boxwala A, Lewis J, Kawamoto K, Maviglia S, Gentile D, Teich JM, Rocha R, Bell D, Middleton B. Structured representation for core elements of common clinical decision support interventions to facilitate knowledge sharing. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013; 192:195-9. PMID: 23920543.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Dixon BE, Paterno MD, Simonaitis L, Goldberg H, Boxwala A, Hongsermeier T, Tsurikova R, Middleton B. Demonstrating Cloud-based Clinical Decision Support at Scale: The Clinical Decision Support Consortium. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013; 192:1268. PMID: 23921064.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Zhou L, Karipineni N, Lewis J, Maviglia SM, Fairbanks A, Hongsermeier T, Middleton B, Rocha RA. A study of diverse clinical decision support rule authoring environments and requirements for integration. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2012 Nov 12; 12:128. PMID: 23145874; PMCID: PMC3554596.
  24. Paterno MD, Goldberg HS, Simonaitis L, Dixon BE, Wright A, Rocha BH, Ramelson HZ, Middleton B. Using a service oriented architecture approach to clinical decision support: performance results from two CDS Consortium demonstrations. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2012; 2012:690-8. PMID: 23304342; PMCID: PMC3540488.
  25. Phansalkar S, van der Sijs H, Tucker AD, Desai AA, Bell DS, Teich JM, Middleton B, Bates DW. Drug-drug interactions that should be non-interruptive in order to reduce alert fatigue in electronic health records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 May 01; 20(3):489-93. PMID: 23011124; PMCID: PMC3628052.
  26. Horsky J, Schiff GD, Johnston D, Mercincavage L, Bell D, Middleton B. Interface design principles for usable decision support: a targeted review of best practices for clinical prescribing interventions. J Biomed Inform. 2012 Dec; 45(6):1202-16. PMID: 22995208.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Kawamoto K, Hongsermeier T, Wright A, Lewis J, Bell DS, Middleton B. Key principles for a national clinical decision support knowledge sharing framework: synthesis of insights from leading subject matter experts. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Jan 01; 20(1):199-207. PMID: 22865671; PMCID: PMC3555314.
  28. Wright A, Feblowitz JC, Pang JE, Carpenter JD, Krall MA, Middleton B, Sittig DF. Use of order sets in inpatient computerized provider order entry systems: a comparative analysis of usage patterns at seven sites. Int J Med Inform. 2012 Nov; 81(11):733-45. PMID: 22819199; PMCID: PMC3466359.
  29. Payne TH, Bates DW, Berner ES, Bernstam EV, Covvey HD, Frisse ME, Graf T, Greenes RA, Hoffer EP, Kuperman G, Lehmann HP, Liang L, Middleton B, Omenn GS, Ozbolt J. Healthcare information technology and economics. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar-Apr; 20(2):212-7. PMID: 22781191; PMCID: PMC3638175.
  30. Lewis J, Hongsermeier TM, Middleton B, Bell DS. A Prototype Knowledge-Sharing Service for Clinical Decision Support Artifacts. Rand Health Q. 2012; 2(2):11. PMID: 28083252.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Middleton B. Method of electronic health record documentation and quality of primary care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Nov-Dec; 19(6):1019-24. PMID: 22610494; PMCID: PMC3534457.
  32. Schnipper JL, Gandhi TK, Wald JS, Grant RW, Poon EG, Volk LA, Businger A, Williams DH, Siteman E, Buckel L, Middleton B. Effects of an online personal health record on medication accuracy and safety: a cluster-randomized trial. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Sep-Oct; 19(5):728-34. PMID: 22556186; PMCID: PMC3422826.
  33. Phansalkar S, Desai AA, Bell D, Yoshida E, Doole J, Czochanski M, Middleton B, Bates DW. High-priority drug-drug interactions for use in electronic health records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Sep-Oct; 19(5):735-43. PMID: 22539083; PMCID: PMC3422823.
  34. Hebel E, Middleton B, Shubina M, Turchin A. Bridging the chasm: effect of health information exchange on volume of laboratory testing. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Mar 26; 172(6):517-9. PMID: 22450942.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Ash JS, Sittig DF, Guappone KP, Dykstra RH, Richardson J, Wright A, Carpenter J, McMullen C, Shapiro M, Bunce A, Middleton B. Recommended practices for computerized clinical decision support and knowledge management in community settings: a qualitative study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2012 Feb 14; 12:6. PMID: 22333210; PMCID: PMC3334687.
  36. Boxwala AA, Rocha BH, Maviglia S, Kashyap V, Meltzer S, Kim J, Tsurikova R, Wright A, Paterno MD, Fairbanks A, Middleton B. A multi-layered framework for disseminating knowledge for computer-based decision support. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Dec; 18 Suppl 1:i132-9. PMID: 22052898; PMCID: PMC3241169.
  37. Ash JS, Sittig DF, McMullen CK, McCormack JL, Wright A, Bunce A, Wasserman J, Mohan V, Cohen DJ, Shapiro M, Middleton B. Studying the vendor perspective on clinical decision support. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2011; 2011:80-7. PMID: 22195058; PMCID: PMC3243293.
  38. Hongsermeier T, Maviglia S, Tsurikova L, Bogaty D, Rocha RA, Goldberg H, Meltzer S, Middleton B. A legal framework to enable sharing of Clinical Decision Support knowledge and services across institutional boundaries. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2011; 2011:925-33. PMID: 22195151; PMCID: PMC3243291.
  39. Wright A, Poon EG, Wald J, Feblowitz J, Pang JE, Schnipper JL, Grant RW, Gandhi TK, Volk LA, Bloom A, Williams DH, Gardner K, Epstein M, Nelson L, Businger A, Li Q, Bates DW, Middleton B. Randomized controlled trial of health maintenance reminders provided directly to patients through an electronic PHR. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jan; 27(1):85-92. PMID: 21904945; PMCID: PMC3250545.
  40. Linder JA, Rigotti NA, Schneider LI, Kelley JH, Brawarsky P, Schnipper JL, Middleton B, Haas JS. Clinician characteristics and use of novel electronic health record functionality in primary care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Dec; 18 Suppl 1:i87-90. PMID: 21900702; PMCID: PMC3241168.
  41. Kantor M, Wright A, Burton M, Fraser G, Krall M, Maviglia S, Mohammed-Rajput N, Simonaitis L, Sonnenberg F, Middleton B. Comparison of Computer-based Clinical Decision Support Systems and Content for Diabetes Mellitus. Appl Clin Inform. 2011; 2(3):284-303. PMID: 23616877; PMCID: PMC3631936.
  42. Ash JS, Sittig DF, Wright A, McMullen C, Shapiro M, Bunce A, Middleton B. Clinical decision support in small community practice settings: a case study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Nov-Dec; 18(6):879-82. PMID: 21504995; PMCID: PMC3197983.
  43. Wright A, Sittig DF, Ash JS, Feblowitz J, Meltzer S, McMullen C, Guappone K, Carpenter J, Richardson J, Simonaitis L, Evans RS, Nichol WP, Middleton B. Development and evaluation of a comprehensive clinical decision support taxonomy: comparison of front-end tools in commercial and internally developed electronic health record systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 May 01; 18(3):232-42. PMID: 21415065; PMCID: PMC3078666.
  44. Sittig DF, Wright A, Meltzer S, Simonaitis L, Evans RS, Nichol WP, Ash JS, Middleton B. Comparison of clinical knowledge management capabilities of commercially-available and leading internally-developed electronic health records. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2011 Feb 17; 11:13. PMID: 21329520; PMCID: PMC3063202.
  45. Wright A, Sittig DF, Ash JS, Bates DW, Feblowitz J, Fraser G, Maviglia SM, McMullen C, Nichol WP, Pang JE, Starmer J, Middleton B. Governance for clinical decision support: case studies and recommended practices from leading institutions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Mar-Apr; 18(2):187-94. PMID: 21252052; PMCID: PMC3116253.
  46. Stroetmann KA, Middleton B. Policy needs and options for a common transatlantic approach towards measuring adoption, usage and benefits of eHealth. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011; 170:17-48. PMID: 21893898.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Aziz B, Middleton B. Toward scalable clinical decision support. Open Med Inform J. 2010; 4:233-4. PMID: 21603284.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Yu DT, Volk LA, Melnikas AJ, Palchuk MB, Olsha-Yehiav M, Middleton B. Electronic health record feedback to improve antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections. Am J Manag Care. 2010 Dec; 16(12 Suppl HIT):e311-9. PMID: 21322301.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Palchuk MB, Yu DT, McColgan KE, Volk LA, Tsurikova R, Melnikas AJ, Einbinder JS, Middleton B. Effects of documentation-based decision support on chronic disease management. Am J Manag Care. 2010 Dec; 16(12 Suppl HIT):SP72-81. PMID: 21314226.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Dykes PC, Carroll D, McColgan K, Hurley AC, Lipsitz SR, Colombo L, Zuyev L, Middleton B. Scales for assessing self-efficacy of nurses and assistants for preventing falls. J Adv Nurs. 2011 Feb; 67(2):438-49. PMID: 21073506; PMCID: PMC3107726.
  51. Wright A, Sittig DF, Carpenter JD, Krall MA, Pang JE, Middleton B. Order sets in computerized physician order entry systems: an analysis of seven sites. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2010 Nov 13; 2010:892-6. PMID: 21347107; PMCID: PMC3041397.
  52. Richardson JE, Ash JS, Sittig DF, Bunce A, Carpenter J, Dykstra RH, Guappone K, McCormack J, McMullen CK, Shapiro M, Wright A, Middleton B. Multiple perspectives on the meaning of clinical decision support. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2010 Nov 13; 2010:1427-31. PMID: 21347119; PMCID: PMC3041401.
  53. Paterno MD, Maviglia SM, Ramelson HZ, Schaeffer M, Rocha BH, Hongsermeier T, Wright A, Middleton B, Goldberg HS. Creating shareable decision support services: an interdisciplinary challenge. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2010 Nov 13; 2010:602-6. PMID: 21347049; PMCID: PMC3041453.
  54. Dykes PC, Carroll DL, Hurley A, Lipsitz S, Benoit A, Chang F, Meltzer S, Tsurikova R, Zuyov L, Middleton B. Fall prevention in acute care hospitals: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2010 Nov 03; 304(17):1912-8. PMID: 21045097; PMCID: PMC3107709.
  55. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Volk LA, Middleton B. Self-reported familiarity with acute respiratory infection guidelines and antibiotic prescribing in primary care. Int J Qual Health Care. 2010 Dec; 22(6):469-75. PMID: 20935008; PMCID: PMC3003551.
  56. Wald JS, Businger A, Gandhi TK, Grant RW, Poon EG, Schnipper JL, Volk LA, Middleton B. Implementing practice-linked pre-visit electronic journals in primary care: patient and physician use and satisfaction. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010 Sep-Oct; 17(5):502-6. PMID: 20819852; PMCID: PMC2995665.
  57. Horsky J, McColgan K, Pang JE, Melnikas AJ, Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Middleton B. Complementary methods of system usability evaluation: surveys and observations during software design and development cycles. J Biomed Inform. 2010 Oct; 43(5):782-90. PMID: 20546936.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Byrne CM, Mercincavage LM, Pan EC, Vincent AG, Johnston DS, Middleton B. The value from investments in health information technology at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Health Aff (Millwood). 2010 Apr; 29(4):629-38. PMID: 20368592.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Ash JS, Sittig DF, Dykstra R, Wright A, McMullen C, Richardson J, Middleton B. Identifying best practices for clinical decision support and knowledge management in the field. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010; 160(Pt 2):806-10. PMID: 20841797.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Sittig DF, Wright A, Ash JS, Middleton B. A set of preliminary standards recommended for achieving a national repository of clinical decision support interventions. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009 Nov 14; 2009:614-8. PMID: 20351928; PMCID: PMC2815391.
  61. Wald JS, Grant RW, Schnipper JL, Gandhi TK, Poon EG, Businger AC, Orav EJ, Williams DH, Volk LA, Middleton B. Survey analysis of patient experience using a practice-linked PHR for type 2 diabetes mellitus. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009 Nov 14; 2009:678-82. PMID: 20351940; PMCID: PMC2815456.
  62. Dykes PC, Carroll DL, Hurley A, Gersh-Zaremski R, Kennedy A, Kurowski J, Tierney K, Benoit A, Chang F, Lipsitz S, Pang J, Tsurkova R, Zuyov L, Middleton B. Fall TIPS: strategies to promote adoption and use of a fall prevention toolkit. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009 Nov 14; 2009:153-7. PMID: 20351840; PMCID: PMC2815501.
  63. Sittig DF, Wright A, Simonaitis L, Carpenter JD, Allen GO, Doebbeling BN, Sirajuddin AM, Ash JS, Middleton B. The state of the art in clinical knowledge management: an inventory of tools and techniques. Int J Med Inform. 2010 Jan; 79(1):44-57. PMID: 19828364; PMCID: PMC2895508.
  64. Grant RW, Middleton B. Improving primary care for patients with complex chronic diseases: can health information technology play a role? CMAJ. 2009 Jul 07; 181(1-2):17-8. PMID: 19581613; PMCID: PMC2704404.
  65. Wright A, Sittig DF, Ash JS, Sharma S, Pang JE, Middleton B. Clinical decision support capabilities of commercially-available clinical information systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2009 Sep-Oct; 16(5):637-44. PMID: 19567796; PMCID: PMC2744714.
  66. Dykes PC, Carroll DL, Hurley AC, Benoit A, Middleton B. Why do patients in acute care hospitals fall? Can falls be prevented? J Nurs Adm. 2009 Jun; 39(6):299-304. PMID: 19509605; PMCID: PMC3107706.
  67. Hurley AC, Dykes PC, Carroll DL, Dykes JS, Middleton B. Fall TIP: validation of icons to communicate fall risk status and tailored interventions to prevent patient falls. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009; 146:455-9. PMID: 19592885; PMCID: PMC3085904.
  68. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Yu T, Volk LA, Melnikas AJ, Palchuk MB, Olsha-Yehiav M, Middleton B. Documentation-based clinical decision support to improve antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in primary care: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Inform Prim Care. 2009; 17(4):231-40. PMID: 20359401.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Middleton B. The clinical decision support consortium. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009; 150:26-30. PMID: 19745260.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Wright A, Poon EG, Wald J, Schnipper JL, Grant R, Gandhi TK, Volk LA, Bloom A, Williams DH, Gardner K, Epstein M, Nelson L, Businger A, Li Q, Bates DW, Bates DW, Middleton B. Effectiveness of health maintenance reminders provided directly to patients. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 06; 1183. PMID: 18999087.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Shah S, Shah SS, Kaelber DC, Kaelber DC, Vincent A, Pan EC, Pan E, Johnston D, Middleton B. A cost model for personal health records (PHRs). AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 06; 657-61. PMID: 18998988; PMCID: PMC2656035.
  72. Schnipper JL, McColgan KE, McColgan KE, Linder JA, Yu T, Fiskio J, Tsurikova R, Volk LA, Palchuk M, Middleton B. Improving management of chronic diseases with documentation-based clinical decision support: results of a pilot study. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 06; 1050. PMID: 18999020.
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  73. Zhou L, Gurjar R, Regier R, Morgan S, Meyer T, Aroy T, Goldman DS, Hongsermeier T, Middleton B. A study on design and development of enterprise-wide concepts for clinical documentation templates. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 06; 1193. PMID: 18998991.
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  74. Vincent A, Kaelber DC, Kaelber DC, Pan E, Shah S, Shah SS, Johnston D, Middleton B. A patient-centric taxonomy for personal health records (PHRs). AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 06; 763-7. PMID: 18998912; PMCID: PMC2656090.
  75. Wright A, Bates DW, Middleton B, Hongsermeier T, Kashyap V, Thomas SM, Sittig DF. Creating and sharing clinical decision support content with Web 2.0: Issues and examples. J Biomed Inform. 2009 Apr; 42(2):334-46. PMID: 18935982.
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  76. Grant RW, Wald JS, Schnipper JL, Gandhi TK, Poon EG, Orav EJ, Williams DH, Volk LA, Middleton B. Practice-linked online personal health records for type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Sep 08; 168(16):1776-82. PMID: 18779465; PMCID: PMC3829635.
  77. Kaelber DC, Jha AK, Johnston D, Middleton B, Bates DW. A research agenda for personal health records (PHRs). J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008 Nov-Dec; 15(6):729-36. PMID: 18756002; PMCID: PMC2585530.
  78. Pan E, Cusack C, Hook J, Vincent A, Kaelber DC, Bates DW, Middleton B. The value of provider-to-provider telehealth. Telemed J E Health. 2008 Jun; 14(5):446-53. PMID: 18578679.
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  79. Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Palchuk MB, Einbinder JS, Li Q, Postilnik A, Middleton B. "Smart Forms" in an Electronic Medical Record: documentation-based clinical decision support to improve disease management. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008 Jul-Aug; 15(4):513-23. PMID: 18436911; PMCID: PMC2442258.
  80. Cusack CM, Pan E, Hook JM, Vincent A, Kaelber DC, Middleton B. The value proposition in the widespread use of telehealth. J Telemed Telecare. 2008; 14(4):167-8. PMID: 18534947.
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  81. Schnipper JL, Gandhi TK, Wald JS, Grant RW, Poon EG, Volk LA, Businger A, Siteman E, Buckel L, Middleton B. Design and implementation of a web-based patient portal linked to an electronic health record designed to improve medication safety: the Patient Gateway medications module. Inform Prim Care. 2008; 16(2):147-55. PMID: 18713531.
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  82. Sprivulis P, Walker J, Johnston D, Pan E, Adler-Milstein J, Middleton B, Bates DW. The economic benefits of health information exchange interoperability for Australia. Aust Health Rev. 2007 Nov; 31(4):531-9. PMID: 17973611.
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  83. Pan E, Cusack CM, Hook JM, Middleton B. Cost of interconnecting health information exchanges to form a national network. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 583-7. PMID: 18693903; PMCID: PMC2655923.
  84. Linder J, Schnipper JL, Volk LA, Tsurikova R, Palchuk M, Olsha-Yehiav M, Melnikas AJ, Middleton B. Clinical decision support to improve antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections: results of a pilot study. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 468-72. PMID: 18693880; PMCID: PMC2655801.
  85. Whipple NN, Palchuk MB, Olsha-Yehiav M, Li Q, Middleton B. Supporting CMT and user customization in Clinical Documentation templates. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 1153. PMID: 18694249.
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  86. Vincent A, Cusack CM, Pan E, Hook JM, Kaelber DC, Middleton B. A new taxonomy for telehealth technologies. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 1145. PMID: 18694241.
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  87. Siteman E, Businger A, Gandhi T, Grant R, Poon E, Schnipper J, Volk LA, Wald JS, Middleton B. Physicians value patient review of their electronic health record data as a means to improve accuracy of medication list documentation. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 1116. PMID: 18694213.
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  88. Linder JA, Jung E, Housman D, Eskin MS, Schnipper JL, Middleton B, Einbinder JS. The Acute Respiratory Infection Quality Dashboard: a performance measurement reporting tool in an electronic health record. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 1035. PMID: 18694133.
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  89. Melnikas AJ, Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Volk LA, Turovsky S, Middleton B. Can a "Smart Form" increase physicians' satisfactions with managing patient health behavior risks? Results of a physician satisfaction survey. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 1047. PMID: 18694145.
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  90. Olsha-Yehiav M, Palchuk MB, Whipple NN, Jung E, Li Q, Middleton B. Hybrid representation of hierarchical structures in point-of-care coded data capture platform. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 1064. PMID: 18694162.
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  91. Palchuk MB, Postilnik A, Olsha-Yehiav M, Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Li Q, Middleton B. User interface accelerators for clinical documentation in Smart Form. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 1067. PMID: 18694165.
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  92. Jung E, Schnipper JL, Li Q, Linder JA, Rose AF, Li R, Eskin MS, Housman D, Middleton B, Einbinder JS. The coronary artery disease quality dashboard: a chronic care disease management tool in an electronic health record. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 999. PMID: 18694098.
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  93. Johnston D, Kaelber D, Pan EC, Bu D, Shah S, Hook JM, Middleton B. A framework and approach for assessing the value of personal health records (PHRs). AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 374-8. PMID: 18693861; PMCID: PMC2655849.
  94. Businger A, Buckel L, Gandhi T, Grant R, Poon E, Schnipper J, Volk LA, Wald JS, Middleton B. Patient review of selected electronic health record data improves visit experience. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 887. PMID: 18693988.
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  95. Buckel L, Businger A, Volk LA, Wald JS, Poon E, Grant R, Gandhi T, Schnipper J, Middleton B. Patient care experience enhanced by use of online journals. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11; 885. PMID: 18693986.
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  96. Sittig DF, Wright A, Osheroff JA, Middleton B, Teich JM, Ash JS, Campbell E, Bates DW. Grand challenges in clinical decision support. J Biomed Inform. 2008 Apr; 41(2):387-92. PMID: 18029232; PMCID: PMC2660274.
  97. Linder JA, Ma J, Bates DW, Middleton B, Stafford RS. Electronic health record use and the quality of ambulatory care in the United States. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jul 09; 167(13):1400-5. PMID: 17620534.
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  98. Adler-Milstein J, Bu D, Pan E, Walker J, Kendrick D, Hook JM, Bates DW, Middleton B. The cost of information technology-enabled diabetes management. Dis Manag. 2007 Jun; 10(3):115-28. PMID: 17590142.
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  99. Wright A, Goldberg H, Hongsermeier T, Middleton B. A description and functional taxonomy of rule-based decision support content at a large integrated delivery network. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007 Jul-Aug; 14(4):489-96. PMID: 17460131; PMCID: PMC2244910.
  100. Kendrick DC, Bu D, Pan E, Middleton B. Crossing the evidence chasm: building evidence bridges from process changes to clinical outcomes. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007 May-Jun; 14(3):329-39. PMID: 17329720; PMCID: PMC2244886.
  101. Bu D, Pan E, Walker J, Adler-Milstein J, Kendrick D, Hook JM, Cusack CM, Bates DW, Middleton B. Benefits of information technology-enabled diabetes management. Diabetes Care. 2007 May; 30(5):1137-42. PMID: 17322483.
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  102. Osheroff JA, Teich JM, Middleton B, Steen EB, Wright A, Detmer DE. A roadmap for national action on clinical decision support. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007 Mar-Apr; 14(2):141-5. PMID: 17213487; PMCID: PMC2213467.
  103. Bu D, Pan E, Johnston D, Walker J, Adler-Milstein J, Kendrick D, Hook JAM, Cusack CM, Bates DW, Middleton B. . The Value of Information Technology-Enabled Diabetes Management. 2007.
  104. Poon EG, Wald J, Schnipper JL, Grant R, Gandhi TK, Volk LA, Bloom A, Williams DH, Gardner K, Epstein M, Nelson L, Businger A, Li Q, Bates DW, Middleton B. Empowering patients to improve the quality of their care: design and implementation of a shared health maintenance module in a US integrated healthcare delivery network. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007; 129(Pt 2):1002-6. PMID: 17911866.
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  105. Wald JS, Burk K, Gardner K, Feygin R, Nelson E, Epstein M, Poon EG, Middleton B. Sharing electronic laboratory results in a patient portal--a feasibility pilot. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007; 129(Pt 1):18-22. PMID: 17911670.
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  106. Grant RW, Wald JS, Poon EG, Schnipper JL, Gandhi TK, Volk LA, Middleton B. Design and implementation of a web-based patient portal linked to an ambulatory care electronic health record: patient gateway for diabetes collaborative care. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2006 Oct; 8(5):576-86. PMID: 17037972; PMCID: PMC3829634.
  107. Kaushal R, Jha AK, Franz C, Glaser J, Shetty KD, Jaggi T, Middleton B, Kuperman GJ, Khorasani R, Tanasijevic M, Bates DW. Return on investment for a computerized physician order entry system. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2006 May-Jun; 13(3):261-6. PMID: 16501178; PMCID: PMC1513660.
  108. Linder JA, Rose AF, Palchuk MB, Chang F, Schnipper JL, Chan JC, Middleton B. Decision support for acute problems: the role of the standardized patient in usability testing. J Biomed Inform. 2006 Dec; 39(6):648-55. PMID: 16442853.
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  109. Poon EG, Jha AK, Christino M, Honour MM, Fernandopulle R, Middleton B, Newhouse J, Leape L, Bates DW, Blumenthal D, Kaushal R. Assessing the level of healthcare information technology adoption in the United States: a snapshot. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2006 Jan 05; 6:1. PMID: 16396679; PMCID: PMC1343543.
  110. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Melnikas AJ, Volk LA, Middleton B. Barriers to electronic health record use during patient visits. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 499-503. PMID: 17238391; PMCID: PMC1839290.
  111. Olsha-Yehiav M, Einbinder JS, Jung E, Linder JA, Greim J, Li Q, Schnipper JL, Middleton B. Quality Dashboards: technical and architectural considerations of an actionable reporting tool for population management. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 1052. PMID: 17238671; PMCID: PMC1839399.
  112. Postilnik A, Palchuk MB, Vashevko M, Rudelson B, Plaks N, Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Li Q, Middleton B. Smart Form framework as a foundation for clinical documentation platform. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 1067. PMID: 17238686; PMCID: PMC1839465.
  113. Santiago O, Li Q, Gagliano N, Judge D, Hamann C, Middleton B. Improving EMR Usability: a method for both discovering and prioritizing improvements in EMR workflows based on human factors engineering. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 1086. PMID: 17238705; PMCID: PMC1839600.
  114. Siteman E, Businger A, Gandhi T, Grant R, Poon E, Schnipper J, Volk LA, Wald JS, Middleton B. Clinicians recognize value of patient review of their electronic health record data. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 1101. PMID: 17238720; PMCID: PMC1839374.
  115. Jung E, Li Q, Mangalampalli A, Greim J, Eskin MS, Housman D, Isikoff J, Abend AH, Middleton B, Einbinder JS. Report Central: quality reporting tool in an electronic health record. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 971. PMID: 17238590; PMCID: PMC1839625.
  116. Linder JA, Bates DW, Williams DH, Connolly MA, Middleton B. Acute infections in primary care: accuracy of electronic diagnoses and electronic antibiotic prescribing. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2006 Jan-Feb; 13(1):61-6. PMID: 16221947; PMCID: PMC1380198.
  117. Middleton B. Achieving U.S. Health information technology adoption: the need for a third hand. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Sep-Oct; 24(5):1269-72. PMID: 16162572.
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  118. Kaushal R, Blumenthal D, Poon EG, Jha AK, Franz C, Middleton B, Glaser J, Kuperman G, Christino M, Fernandopulle R, Newhouse JP, Bates DW. The costs of a national health information network. Ann Intern Med. 2005 Aug 02; 143(3):165-73. PMID: 16061914.
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  119. Rose AF, Schnipper JL, Park ER, Poon EG, Li Q, Middleton B. Using qualitative studies to improve the usability of an EMR. J Biomed Inform. 2005 Feb; 38(1):51-60. PMID: 15694885.
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  120. Olsha-Yehiav M, Palchuk MB, Chang FY, Taylor DP, Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Li Q, Middleton B. Smart Forms: building condition-specific documentation and decision support tools for ambulatory EHR. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 1066. PMID: 16779353; PMCID: PMC1560813.
  121. Middleton B. Achieving the vision of EHR--take the long view. Front Health Serv Manage. 2005; 22(2):37-42; discussion 43-5. PMID: 16430083.
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  122. Wuerdeman L, Volk L, Ferrari J, Colclough C, Nelson E, Wald J, Middleton B. Keeping patients active and current in a patient portal. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 1160. PMID: 16779446; PMCID: PMC1560597.
  123. Sprivulis P, Walker J, Johnston D, Pan E, Adler-Milstein J, Middleton B, Bates DW. The economic benefits of health information exchange interoperability for Australia. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 1119. PMID: 16779406; PMCID: PMC1560585.
  124. Middleton, B. The Value of Health Care Information Technology in Clinical Practice. Am J Med Qual. 2005; 20(6):8-12.
  125. Walker J, Pan E, Johnston D, Adler-Milstein J, Bates DW, Middleton B. The value of health care information exchange and interoperability. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Jan-Jun; Suppl Web Exclusives:W5-10-W5-18. PMID: 15659453.
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  126. Maviglia S, Kuperman G, Middleton B. Hospital Information Systems. Hospital Medicine, Wachter R., Ed.,. 2005.
  127. Middleton, B. The Value of Electronic Health Records. Person-Centered Health Records: toward healthepeople; Demetriedes, JE, Kolodner RM, Christopherson GA. ed(s). 2005; 39-54.
  128. Hamann C, Poon E, Smith S, Coley C, Graydon-Baker E, Gandhi T, Chueh HC, Poikonen J, Hallisey RK, Van Putten C, Broverman C, Blumenfeld B, Middleton B. Designing an electronic medication reconciliation system. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 976. PMID: 16779263; PMCID: PMC1560872.
  129. Middleton B . The Evolution of Information Technology in Healthcare. Medical Practice Transformation with Information Technology, Klio CM, Leavitt M; ed(s). 2005.
  130. Middleton B, Hammond WE, Brennan PF, Cooper GF. Accelerating U.S. EHR adoption: how to get there from here. recommendations based on the 2004 ACMI retreat. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005 Jan-Feb; 12(1):13-9. PMID: 15492028; PMCID: PMC543821.
  131. Yasnoff WA, Humphreys BL, Overhage JM, Detmer DE, Brennan PF, Morris RW, Middleton B, Bates DW, Fanning JP. A consensus action agenda for achieving the national health information infrastructure. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2004 Jul-Aug; 11(4):332-8. PMID: 15187075; PMCID: PMC436084.
  132. Pan, E, Johnston, D, Walker, J, Middleton, B. Deriving Value from Ambulatory CPOE. 2004.
  133. Li Q, Middleton B. Get EMR to Work Smarter. MedInfo 2004. 2004; 1718.
  134. Wald JS, Middleton B, Bloom A, Walmsley D, Gleason M, Nelson E, Li Q, Epstein M, Volk L, Bates DW. A patient-controlled journal for an electronic medical record: issues and challenges. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004; 107(Pt 2):1166-70. PMID: 15360996.
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  135. Boxwala AA, Denekamp Y, Greenes RA, Kuperman GJ, Middleton B. Survey and Evaluation of Knowledge Bases for Clinical Decision Support. MedInfo 2004. 2004; 1534.
  136. Pan E, Johnston D, Walker JD, Adler-Milstein J, Bates DW, Middleton B . The Value of Healthcare Information Exchange and Interoperability. 2004.
  137. Onofrei M, Hunt J, Siemienczuk J, Touchette DR, Middleton B. A first step towards translating evidence into practice: heart failure in a community practice-based research network. Inform Prim Care. 2004; 12(3):139-45. PMID: 15606986.
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  138. Hobbs J, Kittler A, Fox S, Middleton B, Bates DW. Communicating health information to an alarmed public facing a threat such as a bioterrorist attack. J Health Commun. 2004 Jan-Feb; 9(1):67-75. PMID: 14761834.
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  139. Poon EG, Kaushal R, Jha AK, Christino M, Honour MM, Fernandopulle R, Middleton B, Bates DW, Blumenthal D. Assessing the Level of Healthcare Information Technology Adoption in the United States: A 2003 Snapshot of the Boston and Denver Markets. MedInfo 2004. 2004; 1815.
  140. Middleton, B, Pan, E, Johnston, D, Walker, J. Modeling the Return on Investment of Ambulatory Computer-based Provider Order Entry. 2003.
  141. Bates DW, Kuperman GJ, Wang S, Gandhi T, Kittler A, Volk L, Spurr C, Khorasani R, Tanasijevic M, Middleton B. Ten commandments for effective clinical decision support: making the practice of evidence-based medicine a reality. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2003 Nov-Dec; 10(6):523-30. PMID: 12925543; PMCID: PMC264429.
  142. Hobbs J, Wald J, Jagannath YS, Kittler A, Pizziferri L, Volk LA, Middleton B, Bates DW. Opportunities to enhance patient and physician e-mail contact. Int J Med Inform. 2003 Apr; 70(1):1-9. PMID: 12706177.
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  143. Wang SJ, Middleton B, Prosser LA, Bardon CG, Spurr CD, Carchidi PJ, Kittler AF, Goldszer RC, Fairchild DG, Sussman AJ, Kuperman GJ, Bates DW. A cost-benefit analysis of electronic medical records in primary care. Am J Med. 2003 Apr 01; 114(5):397-403. PMID: 12714130.
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  144. Wald JS, Pizziferri L, Kittler AF, Jagannath Y, Harris C, Weissmann L, Burk K, Yu T, Volk LA, Middleton B, Bates DW. Patient and staff adoption of web-based communication in primary care. J Gen Intern Med. 2003; 18(S1):138.
  145. Kuperman GJ, Marston E, Paterno M, Rogala J, Plaks N, Hanson C, Blumenfeld B, Middleton B, Spurr CD, Kaushal R, Gandhi TK, Bates DW. Creating an enterprise-wide allergy repository at Partners HealthCare System. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 376-80. PMID: 14728198; PMCID: PMC1480073.
  146. Holleran K, Pappas J, Lou H, Rubalcaba P, Lee R, Clay S, Cutone J, Flammini S, Kuperman G, Middleton B . Mobile Technology in a Clinical Setting. Proc. AMIA Symposium. 2003; 863.
  147. Pizziferri L, Kittler A, Volk LA, Hobbs J, Jagannath Y, Wald JS, Middleton B, Bates DW. Physicians' perceptions toward electronic communication with patients. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 972. PMID: 14728476; PMCID: PMC1480248.
  148. Holleran K, Pappas J, Lou H, Rubalcaba P, Lee R, Clay S, Cutone J, Flammini S, Kuperman G, Middleton B. Mobile technology in a clinical setting. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 863. PMID: 14728368; PMCID: PMC1479959.
  149. Jha AK, Poon EG, Bates DW, Blumenthal D, Middleton B, Kuperman GJ, Kaushal R. Defining the priorities and challenges for the adoption of Information Technology in HealthCare: opinions from an expert panel. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 881. PMID: 14728386; PMCID: PMC1480244.
  150. Poon EG, Wald J, Bates DW, Middleton B, Kuperman GJ, Gandhi TK. Supporting patient care beyond the clinical encounter: three informatics innovations from partners health care. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 1072. PMID: 14728575; PMCID: PMC1480176.
  151. Middleton B, Gandhi TK, Bates DW. Patient Safety: The Role of Information Technology. Effective Management of Healthcare Information: Leadership Roles, Challenges, and Solutions. 2003.
  152. Johnston J, Pan E, Walker JD, Bates DW, Middleton B. The Value of Computerized Provider Order Entry in Ambulatory Settings. 2003.
  153. Bates, DW, Middleton, B. (Course Co-Director) . Medical Informatics HSPH512. 2003.
  154. Poon EG, Wald J, Bates DW, Middleton B, Kuperman GJ, Gandhi TK. Supporting patient care beyond the clinical encounter: three informatics innovations from Partners Healthcare. Proc AMIA Symposium. 2003; 1072.
  155. Denekamp Y, Boxwala AA, Kuperman G, Middleton B, Greenes RA. A meta-data model for knowledge in decision support systems. Proc AMIA Symp. 2003; 826.
  156. Middleton B, Ghandi TK, Bates DW . The Role of Information Technology in Ambulatory Care Patient Safety. 2002.
  157. Overhage JM, Middleton B, Miller RA, Zielstorff RD, Hersh WR. Does national regulatory mandate of provider order entry portend greater benefit than risk for health care delivery? The 2001 ACMI debate. The American College of Medical Informatics. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002 May-Jun; 9(3):199-208. PMID: 11971880; PMCID: PMC344579.
  158. Parton C, Wang SJ, Middleton B. Knowledge management: evaluating the organizational requirements and culture for an emerging technology. Proc AMIA Symp. 2002; 597-601. PMID: 12463893; PMCID: PMC2244160.
  159. Middleton B. The future of medical computing. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2002; 80:85-98. PMID: 12026140.
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  160. Middleton B. The Value of Electronic Health Records. HealthePeople, Kolodner R, Demetriedes J. Eds. 2002.
  161. Middleton B. The Future of Medical Computing. The Future of Health Technology. 2001.
  162. Hunt J, Siemienczuk J, Erstgaard P, Slater J, Middleton B. Use of an electronic medical record in disease management programs: a case study in hyperlipidemia. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2001; 84(Pt 1):825-9. PMID: 11604850.
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  163. Ricciardi TN, Masarie FE, Middleton B. Clinical benchmarking enabled by the digital health record. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2001; 84(Pt 1):675-9. PMID: 11604823.
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  164. Logan JR, Gorman PN, Middleton B. Measuring the quality of medical records: a method for comparing completeness and correctness of clinical encounter data. Proc AMIA Symp. 2001; 408-12. PMID: 11825220; PMCID: PMC2243504.
  165. Middleton, B, Brackett, L . Initial Consumer Impressions Using Online Health Records. TEPR 2000 (Toward an Electronic Patient Record. 2000.
  166. Middleton B, Janas, JJ. Identifying and Understanding Business Processes. Electronic Patient Records, Editor: Jerome Carter, MD. 2000.
  167. Ricciardi TN, Masarie FE, Landholt T, Middleton B. Clinical benchmarking for the office practitioner enabled by the online health record Proc AMIA Symp. 2000; 1176. PMID: 11080030.
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  168. Middleton, B, Gibson, RF, Chin, H . Tutorial SP-4 Introduction to Clinical Systems. 1999.
  169. Klink, S, Middleton, B, Stetson, N. The Role of the Computer-based Patient Record in the Healthcare Enterprise. Proceedings of the 1999 Annual HIMSS Conference. 1999.
  170. Zdon, L, Middleton, B . Ambulatory Electronic Records Implementation Cost Benefit: An Enterprise Case Study. Healthcare Information Management and Systems Society. 1999; 4:97-117.
  171. Metzger, J, Middleton, B. Consumer Informatics and the CPR. CPRI-Mail. 1999; (July).
  172. Middleton, B. Clinical Decision Support Systems. 1999.
  173. Middleton, B, Masarie, FE, Shein, D. Practical Knowledge Engineering for the EMR: From Vocabulary Term, to Encounter Form, to Report. 1998.
  174. Middleton, B. Introduction of EPR: Key Ingredients for Success or Failure. Proceedings of the EPR in Medical Practices, IMIA Workgroup 17 & Microsoft Healthcare User's Group - Europe. 1998.
  175. Middleton, B. Pre-course workshop: Introduction of the EPR. 1998.
  176. Middleton, B, Masarie, FE. Tutorial T1 - Practical Knowledge Engineering for the EMR. 1998.
  177. Middleton, B, Masarie, FE, Landholt, T. Tutorial T1 - Practical Knowledge Engineering for the EMR. 1998.
  178. Middleton, B, Gibson, RF, Chin, H . Tutorial MP06, Clinical Information Systems. 1998.
  179. Middleton, B. Integrating Care Across Diverse Care Settings: the Role of the CPR for the Hospitalist. The Hospitalist. 1998; 2(3):3-6.
  180. Middleton B. Integrating care across settings: hospitalists and the computer-based patient record. Hospitalist. 1998; 2(3):3, 6. PMID: 10346561.
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  181. Middleton, B . HCFA E&M Code Requirements: A New Chore for Physicians. CPRI-Mail. 1998; (April ).
  182. Middleton B, Anderson J, Fletcher J, Masarie FE, Leavitt MK. Use of the WWW for distributed knowledge engineering for an EMR: the KnowledgeBank concept. Proc AMIA Symp. 1998; 126-30. PMID: 9929195; PMCID: PMC2232156.
  183. Middleton, B, Masarie, FE, O'Connor, J, Betts, C . Practical Issues in Knowledge Engineering for the Electronic Medical Record: From Vocabulary Term to Encounter Form to Report. 1997.
  184. Middleton B, Renner K, Leavitt M. Ambulatory practice clinical information management: problems and prospects. Healthc Inf Manage. 1997; 11(4):97-112. PMID: 10177282.
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  185. Detmer W, Middleton, B, Musen, MA. Workshop Tutorial: Diagnostic Decision Support. 1996.
  186. Musen MA, Detmer WM, Middleton B. Computer-Based Diagnosis: Assessment of Current Systems. 1995.
  187. Middleton B, Detmer W, Musen MA. Diagnostic Decision Support. American College of Physicians Guide to Computers in Medicine. 1995.
  188. Pradhan M, Provan G, Middleton B, Henrion M, . Knowledge Engineering for Large Belief Networks. Tenth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence. 1994; 484-94.
  189. Edison S, Middleton, B . Patient Use of an H.I.S. E-Mail System. Proceedings of the AMIA Spring Congress, San Francisco, CA. 1994.
  190. Gibson RF, Middleton, B. Healthcare Information Systems To Support Continuous Process Improvement. In Clinical Practice Improvement: A New Technology for Developing Cost-Effective Quality Health Care. 1994.
  191. Guerrero D, Rudd P, Bryant-Kosling C, Middleton B, Middleton BF [corrected to Middleton B]. Antihypertensive medication-taking. Investigation of a simple regimen. Am J Hypertens. 1993 Jul; 6(7 Pt 1):586-92. PMID: 8397999.
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  192. Giuse NB, Giuse DA, Miller RA, Bankowitz RA, Janosky JE, Davidoff F, Hillner BE, Hripcsak G, Lincoln MJ, Middleton B, et al. Evaluating consensus among physicians in medical knowledge base construction. Methods Inf Med. 1993 Apr; 32(2):137-45. PMID: 8321132.
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  193. Henry SB, Lenert L, Middleton B, Partridge R . Linking Process and Outcome with an Integrated Clinical Information Management System Knowledge Systems Laboratory Report KSL-93-08. Proceedings of the 1993 Annual HIMSS Conference. 1993; 57-81.
  194. Heckerman, D, Horvitz, E, and Middleton, B . An approximate non-myopic computation for value of information. Also, Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence. University of California at Los Angeles and IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. 1993; 15(3):292-298.
  195. Middleton, B, Owens, DK, Neese, R, Schacter R. Advanced Topics in Probabilistic Medical Reasoning: Influence Diagrams and Belief Networks. 1992.
  196. Shwe M, Sujansky W, Middleton B. Reuse of knowledge represented in the Arden syntax. Proc Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Care. 1992; 47-51. PMID: 1482919; PMCID: PMC2248115.
  197. Middleton, B, Owens, DK, Neese, R. Advanced Topics in Probabilistic Medical Reasoning Influence Diagrams and Belief Networks. 1991.
  198. Shwe MA, Middleton B, Heckerman DE, Henrion M, Horvitz EJ, Lehmann HP, Cooper GF. Probabilistic diagnosis using a reformulation of the INTERNIST-1/QMR knowledge base. I. The probabilistic model and inference algorithms. Methods Inf Med. 1991 Oct; 30(4):241-55. PMID: 1762578.
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  199. Middleton B, Shwe MA, Heckerman DE, Henrion M, Horvitz EJ, Lehmann HP, Cooper GF. Probabilistic diagnosis using a reformulation of the INTERNIST-1/QMR knowledge base. II. Evaluation of diagnostic performance. Methods Inf Med. 1991 Oct; 30(4):256-67. PMID: 1762579.
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  200. Shiffman, S, Wu, AW, Poon, AD, Lane, CD, Middleton, B, Miller, RA, Masarie, FE, Cooper, GF, Shortliffe, EH, and Fagan, LM . A speech interface to a diagnostic system based on the INTERNIST-1 knowledge base. Report KSL-90-70, October 1990. Republished as Building a Speech Interface to a Medical Diagnostic System in IEEE Expert. 1991; 41-50.
  201. Middleton, B. The Quick Medical Reference - Decision Theoretic Project: Evaluation of Diagnostic Performance. 1991.
  202. Middleton, B, Kovach, J, Tovar, M . Cost-Effectiveness of a Medical Decision-Support System: A Pilot Study. Stanford University Knowledge Systems Laboratory Report KSL-91-45. Proceedings of the American Federation for Clinical Research. 1991; (Spring 1991):605A.
  203. Lin R, Lenert L, Middleton B, Shiffman S. A free-text processing system to capture physical findings: Canonical Phrase Identification System (CAPIS). Proc Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Care. 1991; 168-72. PMID: 1807580; PMCID: PMC2247517.
  204. Lin R, Lenert L, Middleton B, Shiffman S. A free-text processing system to capture physical findings: Canonical Phrase Identification System (CAPIS). Proc Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Care. 1991; 843-7. PMID: 1807726; PMCID: PMC2247649.
  205. Shwe, M., Middleton B., Heckerman, D., Henrion, M., Horvitz, E., Lehmann, H., and Cooper, G. . Probabilistic diagnosis using reformulation of the INTERNIST-1/QMR knowledge base. I: The probabilistic model and inference algorithms. 1990; 790-794.
  206. Shwe, M., Middleton B., Heckerman, D., Henrion, M., Horvitz, E., Lehmann, H., and Cooper, G. . A probabilistic reformulation of the Quick Medical Reference system. 1990; (KSL-90-11, March 1990):161-165.
  207. Middleton B. Computers in Medicine-An overview. The Buffalo Physician. 1987; 20:18-21.
  208. Middleton B, Byers T, Marshall J, Graham S. Dietary vitamin A and cancer--a multisite case-control study. Nutr Cancer. 1986; 8(2):107-16. PMID: 3085072.
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  209. Middleton B, Eggerter S. Water hardness and cardiovascular disease. Epidemiology Monitor. 1981; 2:5-6.
  210. Middleton, B . Blood Plasma Utilization in Connecticut. 1981.
  211. Middleton, B, Eggerter, S. Water Hardness and Cardiovascular Disease. Epidemiology Monitor. 1981; (2):5-6.
  212. Middleton, B. Independent Study: A Scanning Electron Microscopy Study of the Jensen Bleb. 1978.
  213. Parad, R, Calihan, M, Pollack, G, Middleton, B, Sornberger C, Huber G. The Combined Effects of Alcohol and Marijuana or Tobacco on the Antibacterial Defenses of the Lung. American Review of Respiratory Diseases. 1976; (113):73.
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