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Last Name

profileJeffrey Arthur Linder, M.D.

TitleAssociate Professor of Medicine
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
AddressBrigham and Women's Hospital
1620 Tremont Street, BC-3-2X
Div. of General Medicine & Primary Care
Boston MA 02120
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I am a general internist and primary care clinician-investigator at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School and see my overarching goal as improving primary care in the United States.

My research focuses on 2 principal topics: the care of ambulatory patients with acute respiratory infections – the number one symptomatic reason for seeking medical care in the United States – and the use of health information technology and electronic health records (EHRs) to improve ambulatory care. I am very interested in using behavioral science to improve clinical care. Please see below for a list of research publications, editorials, meeting proceedings, book chapters, and patient educational materials.

For teaching, I precept BWH Medical Residents in The Phyllis Jen Center for Primary Care. I was a Conference Leader in the HMS Clinical Epidemiology and Population Health Course from 2007 to 2011 and Co-Directed the HMS first-year Pursuing Inquiry in Medicine Course. I am currently one of the HMS Peabody Society Research Fellows and am the HMS Fellowship in General Medicine and Primary Care Site Director at BWH.

Administratively, for Partners HealthCare, I served on the Longitudinal Medical Record (LMR) – the Partners Healthcare EHR – Expert Panel for Adult Primary Care and was a member of the LMR Executive Committee. At BWH, I am the Director of our Primary Care Practice Based Research Network. For the Epic/eCare implementation, I served as an Ambulatory Champion for the Brigham and Women's Physicians Organization.

Regionally, I served a 3-year term from 2007-2010 as the New England Regional President of the Society of General Internal Medicine. Nationally, I was on the Physicians Consortium for Performance Improvement Measures Implementation and Evaluation Advisory Committee and, from 2009-2012 was on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Practice Based Research Network National Steering Committee. My primary care practice is at The Phyllis Jen Center for Primary Care where I provide preventive, acute, and chronic care for my primary care patients.

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Available: 08/01/12, Expires: 09/30/16

Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) – colds, otitis media, sinusitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, influenza, and pneumonia – are the most common symptomatic reason for seeking care in the United States. Many visits for ARIs are unnecessary and result in inappropriate antibiotic prescribing which increases medical costs, adverse drug events, and the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Research in this area could focus on any aspect of ambulatory ARI care or antibiotic prescribing. Medical students could work on ongoing analyses, use available data, or design their own projects. Medical students will be exposed to a broad range of general and specific concepts including clinical research, antibiotic prescribing, practice-based research, electronic health records, information systems, informatics, primary care, behavior change, behavioral economics, social psychology, epidemiology, or biostatistics.

Collapse completed student projects
Implementing E-Visits in Partners Primary Care Practices
Summer, 06/15/15 - 07/31/15

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Collapse Bibliographic 
Collapse selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Persell SD, Doctor JN, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Friesema E, Cooper A, Haryani A, Gregory DL, Fox CR, Goldstein NJ, Linder JA. Behavioral interventions to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing: a randomized pilot trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2016; 16(1):373. PMID: 27495917.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Levine DM, Lipsitz SR, Linder JA. Trends in Seniors' Use of Digital Health Technology in the United States, 2011-2014. JAMA. 2016 Aug 2; 316(5):538-40. PMID: 27483069.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Kroll DS, Nieva HR, Barsky AJ, Linder JA. Benzodiazepines are Prescribed More Frequently to Patients Already at Risk for Benzodiazepine-Related Adverse Events in Primary Care. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Sep; 31(9):1027-34. PMID: 27177914.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Fleming-Dutra KE, Hersh AL, Shapiro DJ, Bartoces M, Enns EA, File TM, Finkelstein JA, Gerber JS, Hyun DY, Linder JA, Lynfield R, Margolis DJ, May LS, Merenstein D, Metlay JP, Newland JG, Piccirillo JF, Roberts RM, Sanchez GV, Suda KJ, Thomas A, Woo TM, Zetts RM, Hicks LA. Prevalence of Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescriptions Among US Ambulatory Care Visits, 2010-2011. JAMA. 2016 May 3; 315(17):1864-73. PMID: 27139059.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Linder JA, Friedberg MW. Mixed Diagnoses and Mixed Messages. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 May 1; 176(5):718-9. PMID: 27136344.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Linder JA, Levine DM. Health Care Communication Technology and Improved Access, Continuity, and Relationships: The Revolution Will Be Uberized. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 May 1; 176(5):643-4. PMID: 27043797.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Linder JA. Moving the mean with feedback: insights from behavioural science. NPJ Prim Care Respir Med. 2016; 26:16018. PMID: 27121229.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Gidengil CA, Linder JA, Beach S, Setodji CM, Hunter G, Mehrotra A. Using Clinical Vignettes to Assess Quality of Care for Acute Respiratory Infections. Inquiry. 2016; 53. PMID: 27098876.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Gidengil CA, Mehrotra A, Beach S, Setodji C, Hunter G, Linder JA. What Drives Variation in Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Respiratory Infections? J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Aug; 31(8):918-24. PMID: 27067351.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Renati S, Linder JA. Necessity of office visits for acute respiratory infections in primary care. Fam Pract. 2016 Jun; 33(3):312-7. PMID: 27048524.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Fox CR, Linder JA, Doctor JN. New York Times. How to Stop Overprescribing Antibiotics. 2016.
  12. Pineros DB, Doctor JN, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Linder JA. Cognitive reflection and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections. Fam Pract. 2016 Jun; 33(3):309-11. PMID: 27006411.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Levine DM, Linder JA. Retail Clinics Shine a Harsh Light on the Failure of Primary Care Access. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Mar; 31(3):260-2. PMID: 26631099.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Meeker D, Linder JA, Fox CR, Friedberg MW, Persell SD, Goldstein NJ, Knight TK, Hay JW, Doctor JN. Effect of Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing Among Primary Care Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2016 Feb 9; 315(6):562-70. PMID: 26864410.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Linder JA. In: Bope ET and Kellerman RD, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2016. Influenza. 2016; 131-134.
  16. Samal L, Wright A, Waikar SS, Linder JA. Nephrology co-management versus primary care solo management for early chronic kidney disease: a retrospective cross-sectional analysis. BMC Nephrol. 2015; 16(1):162. PMID: 26458541; PMCID: PMC4603818.
  17. Hwang TJ, Gibbs KA, Podolsky SH, Linder JA. Antimicrobial stewardship and public knowledge of antibiotics. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Sep; 15(9):1000-1. PMID: 26333323.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Semigran HL, Linder JA, Gidengil C, Mehrotra A. Evaluation of symptom checkers for self diagnosis and triage: audit study. BMJ. 2015; 351:h3480. PMID: 26157077; PMCID: PMC4496786.
  19. Linder JA. Sore Throat: Avoid Overcomplicating the Uncomplicated. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jun 16; 162(12):878-9. PMID: 26075770.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Solomon SR, Gooding HC, Reyes Nieva H, Linder JA. Acute Care Utilization by Patients After Graduation of Their Resident Primary Care Physicians. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Nov; 30(11):1611-7. PMID: 25896089; PMCID: PMC4617921 [Available on 11/01/16].
  21. Mehrotra A, Gidengil CA, Setodji CM, Burns RM, Linder JA. Antibiotic prescribing for respiratory infections at retail clinics, physician practices, and emergency departments. Am J Manag Care. 2015 Apr; 21(4):294-302. PMID: 26014468.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Linder JA. Comparative effectiveness of three anxiolytics for acute respiratory infections: antibiotics, C-reactive protein point-of-care testing, and improved communication. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Apr; 30(4):387-9. PMID: 25608742; PMCID: PMC4371010 [Available on 04/01/16].
  23. Linder JA. Sore throat: avoid overcomplicating the uncomplicated. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Feb 17; 162(4):311-2. PMID: 25686170.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Gidengil CA, Linder JA, Hunter G, Setodji C, Mehrotra A. The volume-quality relationship in antibiotic prescribing: when more isn't better. Inquiry. 2015; 52. PMID: 25672338; PMCID: PMC4327773 [Available on 02/10/16].
  25. Haas JS, Linder JA, Park ER, Gonzalez I, Rigotti NA, Klinger EV, Kontos EZ, Zaslavsky AM, Brawarsky P, Marinacci LX, St Hubert S, Fleegler EW, Williams DR. Proactive tobacco cessation outreach to smokers of low socioeconomic status: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Feb; 175(2):218-26. PMID: 25506771; PMCID: PMC4590783 [Available on 02/01/16].
  26. Linder JA. In: Bope ET and Kellerman RD, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2015. Influenza. 2015; 128-131.
  27. Klinger EV, Carlini SV, Gonzalez I, Hubert SS, Linder JA, Rigotti NA, Kontos EZ, Park ER, Marinacci LX, Haas JS. Accuracy of race, ethnicity, and language preference in an electronic health record. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Jun; 30(6):719-23. PMID: 25527336; PMCID: PMC4441665 [Available on 06/01/16].
  28. Dempsey PP, Businger AC, Whaley LE, Gagne JJ, Linder JA. Primary care clinicians' perceptions about antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2014; 15:194. PMID: 25495918; PMCID: PMC4275949.
  29. Linder JA, Doctor JN, Friedberg MW, Reyes Nieva H, Birks C, Meeker D, Fox CR. Time of day and the decision to prescribe antibiotics. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Dec; 174(12):2029-31. PMID: 25286067.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Tannenbaum D, Doctor JN, Persell SD, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Friesema EM, Goldstein NJ, Linder JA, Fox CR. Nudging physician prescription decisions by partitioning the order set: results of a vignette-based study. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Mar; 30(3):298-304. PMID: 25394536; PMCID: PMC4351289 [Available on 03/01/16].
  31. Mishuris RG, Linder JA, Bates DW, Bitton A. Using electronic health record clinical decision support is associated with improved quality of care. Am J Manag Care. 2014 Oct; 20(10):e445-52. PMID: 25414982.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Meeker D, Friedberg MW, Linder JA. Patient satisfaction as a quality metric promotes bad medicine--reply. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Aug; 174(8):1419. PMID: 25090189.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Samal L, Wright A, Healey MJ, Linder JA, Bates DW. Meaningful use and quality of care. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jun; 174(6):997-8. PMID: 24733228.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Barnett ML, Linder JA. Antibiotic prescribing for adults with acute bronchitis in the United States, 1996-2010. JAMA. 2014 May 21; 311(19):2020-2. PMID: 24846041; PMCID: PMC4529023.
  35. Frank JW, Linder JA, Becker WC, Fiellin DA, Wang EA. Increased hospital and emergency department utilization by individuals with recent criminal justice involvement: results of a national survey. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Sep; 29(9):1226-33. PMID: 24817280; PMCID: PMC4139534.
  36. Samal L, Linder JA, Bates DW, Wright A. Electronic problem list documentation of chronic kidney disease and quality of care. BMC Nephrol. 2014; 15:70. PMID: 24885821; PMCID: PMC4021481.
  37. Mishuris RG, Linder JA. Racial differences in cancer screening with electronic health records and electronic preventive care reminders. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Oct; 21(e2):e264-9. PMID: 24637955; PMCID: PMC4173177.
  38. Meeker D, Knight TK, Friedberg MW, Linder JA, Goldstein NJ, Fox CR, Rothfeld A, Diaz G, Doctor JN. Nudging guideline-concordant antibiotic prescribing: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Mar; 174(3):425-31. PMID: 24474434.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Barnett ML, Linder JA. Antibiotic prescribing to adults with sore throat in the United States, 1997-2010. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jan; 174(1):138-40. PMID: 24091806; PMCID: PMC4526245.
  40. Linder JA. In: Bope ET and Kellerman RD, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2014. Influenza. 2014; 120-2.
  41. Mishuris RG, Linder JA. Electronic health records and the increasing complexity of medical practice. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Nov; 28(11):1393. PMID: 23813115; PMCID: PMC3797337.
  42. Whaley LE, Businger AC, Dempsey PP, Linder JA. Visit complexity, diagnostic uncertainty, and antibiotic prescribing for acute cough in primary care: a retrospective study. BMC Fam Pract. 2013; 14:120. PMID: 23957228; PMCID: PMC3765925.
  43. Kruse GR, Chang Y, Kelley JH, Linder JA, Einbinder JS, Rigotti NA. Healthcare system effects of pay-for-performance for smoking status documentation. Am J Manag Care. 2013 Jul; 19(7):554-61. PMID: 23919419; PMCID: PMC3874815.
  44. Persell SD, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Linder JA, Fox CR, Goldstein NJ, Shah PD, Knight TK, Doctor JN. Use of behavioral economics and social psychology to improve treatment of acute respiratory infections (BEARI): rationale and design of a cluster randomized controlled trial [1RC4AG039115-01]--study protocol and baseline practice and provider characteristics. BMC Infect Dis. 2013; 13:290. PMID: 23806017; PMCID: PMC3701464.
  45. Linder JA, Rigotti NA, Brawarsky P, Kontos EZ, Park ER, Klinger EV, Marinacci L, Li W, Haas JS. Use of practice-based research network data to measure neighborhood smoking prevalence. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013; 10:E84. PMID: 23701721; PMCID: PMC3670642.
  46. Mathias JS, Baker DW. Developing quality measures to address overuse. JAMA. 2013 May 8; 309(18):1897-8. PMID: 23652520.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Mishuris RG, Linder JA. Electronic health records and the increasing complexity of medical practice: "it never gets easier, you just go faster". J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Apr; 28(4):490-2. PMID: 23247583; PMCID: PMC3599023.
  48. Linder JA. Antibiotic Prescribing for acute respiratory infections--success that's way off the mark: comment on "A cluster randomized trial of decision support strategies for reducing antibiotic use in acute bronchitis". JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Feb 25; 173(4):273-5. PMID: 23318503.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Linder JA. In: Bope ET and Kellerman RD, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2013. Influenza. 2013; 105-108.
  50. Frank JW, Ayanian JZ, Linder JA. Management of substance use disorders in ambulatory care in the United States, 2001-2009. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Dec 10; 172(22):1759-60. PMID: 23090134.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Linder JA. Vitamin D and the cure for the common cold. JAMA. 2012 Oct 3; 308(13):1375-6. PMID: 23032554.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Samal L, Linder JA. The primary care perspective on routine urine dipstick screening to identify patients with albuminuria. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Jan; 8(1):131-5. PMID: 22917702.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Kruse GR, Kelley JH, Linder JA, Park ER, Rigotti NA. Implementation of an electronic health record-based care management system to improve tobacco treatment. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Dec; 27(12):1690-6. PMID: 22865018; PMCID: PMC3509313.
  54. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Middleton B. Method of electronic health record documentation and quality of primary care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Nov-Dec; 19(6):1019-24. PMID: 22610494; PMCID: PMC3534457.
  55. Wroe PC, Finkelstein JA, Ray GT, Linder JA, Johnson KM, Rifas-Shiman S, Moore MR, Huang SS. Aging population and future burden of pneumococcal pneumonia in the United States. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205(10):1589-92. PMID: 22448012.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Linder JA. In: Bope ET and Kellerman RD, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2012. Influenza. 2012; 107-109.
  57. Linder JA, Rigotti NA, Schneider LI, Kelley JH, Brawarsky P, Schnipper JL, Middleton B, Haas JS. Clinician characteristics and use of novel electronic health record functionality in primary care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Dec; 18 Suppl 1:i87-90. PMID: 21900702; PMCID: PMC3241168.
  58. Samal L, Linder JA, Lipsitz SR, Hicks LS. Electronic health records, clinical decision support, and blood pressure control. Am J Manag Care. 2011 Sep; 17(9):626-32. PMID: 21902448.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Huang SS, Johnson KM, Ray GT, Wroe P, Lieu TA, Moore MR, Zell ER, Linder JA, Grijalva CG, Metlay JP, Finkelstein JA. Healthcare utilization and cost of pneumococcal disease in the United States. Vaccine. 2011 Apr 18; 29(18):3398-412. PMID: 21397721.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Samal L, Wright A, Wong BT, Linder JA, Bates DW. Leveraging electronic health records to support chronic disease management: the need for temporal data views. Inform Prim Care. 2011; 19(2):65-74. PMID: 22417816.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Linder JA. In: Bope ET and Kellerman RD, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2011. Influenza. 2011; 90-93.
  62. Linder JA, Haas JS, Iyer A, Labuzetta MA, Ibara M, Celeste M, Getty G, Bates DW. Secondary use of electronic health record data: spontaneous triggered adverse drug event reporting. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2010 Dec; 19(12):1211-5. PMID: 21155192.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Yu DT, Volk LA, Melnikas AJ, Palchuk MB, Olsha-Yehiav M, Middleton B. Electronic health record feedback to improve antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections. Am J Manag Care. 2010 Dec; 16(12 Suppl HIT):e311-9. PMID: 21322301.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Linder JA. Diagnosis of pertussis. JAMA. 2010 Dec 1; 304(21):2358; author reply 2358-9. PMID: 21119081.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Palchuk MB, Yu DT, McColgan KE, Volk LA, Tsurikova R, Melnikas AJ, Einbinder JS, Middleton B. Effects of documentation-based decision support on chronic disease management. Am J Manag Care. 2010 Dec; 16(12 Suppl HIT):SP72-81. PMID: 21314226.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Volk LA, Middleton B. Self-reported familiarity with acute respiratory infection guidelines and antibiotic prescribing in primary care. Int J Qual Health Care. 2010 Dec; 22(6):469-75. PMID: 20935008; PMCID: PMC3003551.
  67. Bourgeois FC, Linder J, Johnson SA, Co JP, Fiskio J, Ferris TG. Impact of a computerized template on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in children and adolescents. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2010 Oct; 49(10):976-83. PMID: 20724348.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Horsky J, McColgan K, Pang JE, Melnikas AJ, Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Middleton B. Complementary methods of system usability evaluation: surveys and observations during software design and development cycles. J Biomed Inform. 2010 Oct; 43(5):782-90. PMID: 20546936.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Linder J. Comparative efficacy of influenza vaccines. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jan 14; 362(2):180; author reply 180-1. PMID: 20077593.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Linder JA. In: Bope ET, Rakel RE and Kellerman RD, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2010. Influenza. 2010; 88-91.
  71. Saleem JJ, Militello LG, Arbuckle N, Flanagan M, Haggstrom DA, Linder JA, Doebbeling BN. Provider perceptions of colorectal cancer screening clinical decision support at three benchmark institutions. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009; 2009:558-62. PMID: 20351917; PMCID: PMC2815413.
  72. Linder JA, Rigotti NA, Schneider LI, Kelley JH, Brawarsky P, Haas JS. An electronic health record-based intervention to improve tobacco treatment in primary care: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Apr 27; 169(8):781-7. PMID: 19398690; PMCID: PMC3005286.
  73. Linder JA, Nieva HR, Blumentals WA. Antiviral and antibiotic prescribing for influenza in primary care. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Apr; 24(4):504-10. PMID: 19225847; PMCID: PMC2659164.
  74. Friedberg MW, Mehrotra A, Linder JA. Reporting hospitals' antibiotic timing in pneumonia: adverse consequences for patients? Am J Manag Care. 2009 Feb; 15(2):137-44. PMID: 19284811; PMCID: PMC2746403.
  75. Linder JA, Kaleba EO, Kmetik KS. Using electronic health records to measure physician performance for acute conditions in primary care: empirical evaluation of the community-acquired pneumonia clinical quality measure set. Med Care. 2009 Feb; 47(2):208-16. PMID: 19169122.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Yu T, Volk LA, Melnikas AJ, Palchuk MB, Olsha-Yehiav M, Middleton B. Documentation-based clinical decision support to improve antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in primary care: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Inform Prim Care. 2009; 17(4):231-40. PMID: 20359401.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Linder JA. In: Rakel RE and Bope ET, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2009. Influenza. 2009; 90-3.
  78. McGreevy KM, Lipsitz SR, Linder JA, Rimm E, Hoel DG. Using median regression to obtain adjusted estimates of central tendency for skewed laboratory and epidemiologic data. Clin Chem. 2009 Jan; 55(1):165-9. PMID: 19028825.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Schnipper JL, McColgan KE, McColgan KE, Linder JA, Yu T, Fiskio J, Tsurikova R, Volk LA, Palchuk M, Middleton B. Improving management of chronic diseases with documentation-based clinical decision support: results of a pilot study. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008; 1050. PMID: 18999020.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Linder JA. Evaluation and management of adult pharyngitis. Compr Ther. 2008 Fall-Winter; 34(3-4):196-203. PMID: 19137763.
    View in: PubMed
  81. Linder JA. Editorial commentary: antibiotics for treatment of acute respiratory tract infections: decreasing benefit, increasing risk, and the irrelevance of antimicrobial resistance. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Sep 15; 47(6):744-6. PMID: 18694343.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Palchuk MB, Einbinder JS, Li Q, Postilnik A, Middleton B. "Smart Forms" in an Electronic Medical Record: documentation-based clinical decision support to improve disease management. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008 Jul-Aug; 15(4):513-23. PMID: 18436911; PMCID: PMC2442258.
  83. Linder JA, editor. Cold and Flu. A 10-Minute Consult with Harvard Medical School. 2008.
  84. Farwell WR, Linder JA, Jha AK. Trends in prostate-specific antigen testing from 1995 through 2004. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Dec 10; 167(22):2497-502. PMID: 18071173.
    View in: PubMed
  85. Palchuk MB, Postilnik A, Olsha-Yehiav M, Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Li Q, Middleton B. User interface accelerators for clinical documentation in Smart Form. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007; 1067. PMID: 18694165.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Jung E, Schnipper JL, Li Q, Linder JA, Rose AF, Li R, Eskin MS, Housman D, Middleton B, Einbinder JS. The coronary artery disease quality dashboard: a chronic care disease management tool in an electronic health record. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007; 999. PMID: 18694098.
    View in: PubMed
  87. Melnikas AJ, Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Volk LA, Turovsky S, Middleton B. Can a "Smart Form" increase physicians' satisfactions with managing patient health behavior risks? Results of a physician satisfaction survey. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007; 1047. PMID: 18694145.
    View in: PubMed
  88. Linder J, Schnipper JL, Volk LA, Tsurikova R, Palchuk M, Olsha-Yehiav M, Melnikas AJ, Middleton B. Clinical decision support to improve antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections: results of a pilot study. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007; 468-72. PMID: 18693880; PMCID: PMC2655801.
  89. Linder JA, Jung E, Housman D, Eskin MS, Schnipper JL, Middleton B, Einbinder JS. The Acute Respiratory Infection Quality Dashboard: a performance measurement reporting tool in an electronic health record. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007; 1035. PMID: 18694133.
    View in: PubMed
  90. Linder JA. Improving care for acute respiratory infections: better systems, not better microbiology. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Nov 1; 45(9):1189-91. PMID: 17918081.
    View in: PubMed
  91. Linder JA, Ma J, Bates DW, Middleton B, Stafford RS. Electronic health record use and the quality of ambulatory care in the United States. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jul 9; 167(13):1400-5. PMID: 17620534.
    View in: PubMed
  92. Linder JA, Chan JC, Bates DW. Evaluation and treatment of pharyngitis in primary care practice: the difference between guidelines is largely academic. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Jul 10; 166(13):1374-9. PMID: 16832002.
    View in: PubMed
  93. Linder JA, Chan JC, Bates DW. Appropriateness of antiviral prescribing for influenza in primary care: a retrospective analysis. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2006 Jun; 31(3):245-52. PMID: 16789990.
    View in: PubMed
  94. Linder JA. Influenza-associated deaths among children. N Engl J Med. 2006 Mar 23; 354(12):1317-8; author reply 1317-8. PMID: 16557662.
    View in: PubMed
  95. Linder JA, Rose AF, Palchuk MB, Chang F, Schnipper JL, Chan JC, Middleton B. Decision support for acute problems: the role of the standardized patient in usability testing. J Biomed Inform. 2006 Dec; 39(6):648-55. PMID: 16442853.
    View in: PubMed
  96. Linder JA. Acute Bronchitis. Rakel RE and Bope ET, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2006. 2006; 319-321.
  97. Wiese J, Linder JA. The Tier II Head and Neck Examination. Saint-Frances Guide: Clinical Clerkships: The Answer Book. Bent S and Saint S, Eds. 2006; 227-242.
  98. Weise J, Linder JA. The Tier I Head and Neck Examination. Saint-Frances Guide: Clinical Clerkships: The Answer Book. Bent S and Saint S, Eds. 2006; 165-179.
  99. Olsha-Yehiav M, Einbinder JS, Jung E, Linder JA, Greim J, Li Q, Schnipper JL, Middleton B. Quality Dashboards: technical and architectural considerations of an actionable reporting tool for population management. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 1052. PMID: 17238671; PMCID: PMC1839399.
  100. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Einbinder JS, Li Q, Middleton B. Improving care for acute and chronic problems with Smart Forms and Quality Dashboards. AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings. 2006; 1193.
  101. Linder JA, Schnipper JL, Tsurikova R, Melnikas AJ, Volk LA, Middleton B. Barriers to electronic health record use during patient visits. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 499-503. PMID: 17238391; PMCID: PMC1839290.
  102. Postilnik A, Palchuk MB, Vashevko M, Rudelson B, Plaks N, Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Li Q, Middleton B. Smart Form framework as a foundation for clinical documentation platform. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 1067. PMID: 17238686; PMCID: PMC1839465.
  103. Linder JA, Bates DW, Lee GM, Finkelstein JA. Antibiotic treatment of children with sore throat. JAMA. 2005 Nov 9; 294(18):2315-22. PMID: 16278359.
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  104. Linder JA, Bates DW, Williams DH, Connolly MA, Middleton B. Acute infections in primary care: accuracy of electronic diagnoses and electronic antibiotic prescribing. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2006 Jan-Feb; 13(1):61-6. PMID: 16221947; PMCID: PMC1380198.
  105. Linder JA, Bates DW, Platt R. Antivirals and antibiotics for influenza in the United States, 1995--2002. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2005 Aug; 14(8):531-6. PMID: 15654722.
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  106. Linder JA, Huang ES, Steinman MA, Gonzales R, Stafford RS. Fluoroquinolone prescribing in the United States: 1995 to 2002. Am J Med. 2005 Mar; 118(3):259-68. PMID: 15745724.
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  107. Olsha-Yehiav M, Palchuk MB, Chang FY, Taylor DP, Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Li Q, Middleton B. Smart Forms: building condition-specific documentation and decision support tools for ambulatory EHR. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 1066. PMID: 16779353; PMCID: PMC1560813.
  108. Linder JA, Atlas SJ. Health-related quality of life in patients with sinusitis. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2004 Nov; 4(6):490-5. PMID: 15462717.
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  109. Linder JA. Health information technology as a tool to improve care for acute respiratory infections. Am J Manag Care. 2004 Oct; 10(10):661-2. PMID: 15521156.
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  110. Linder JA, Singer DE. Health-related quality of life of adults with upper respiratory tract infections. J Gen Intern Med. 2003 Oct; 18(10):802-7. PMID: 14521642; PMCID: PMC1494925.
  111. Linder JA, Singer DE. Desire for antibiotics and antibiotic prescribing for adults with upper respiratory tract infections. J Gen Intern Med. 2003 Oct; 18(10):795-801. PMID: 14521641; PMCID: PMC1494934.
  112. Linder JA, Singer DE, Stafford RS. Association between antibiotic prescribing and visit duration in adults with upper respiratory tract infections. Clin Ther. 2003 Sep; 25(9):2419-30. PMID: 14604741.
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  113. Linder JA, Singer DE, Ancker M, Atlas SJ. Measures of health-related quality of life for adults with acute sinusitis. A systematic review. J Gen Intern Med. 2003 May; 18(5):390-401. PMID: 12795739; PMCID: PMC1494859.
  114. Steinman MA, Gonzales R, Linder JA, Landefeld CS. Changing use of antibiotics in community-based outpatient practice, 1991-1999. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Apr 1; 138(7):525-33. PMID: 12667022.
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  115. Linder JA, Stafford RS. Erythromycin-resistant group A streptococci. N Engl J Med. 2002 Aug 22; 347(8):614-5; author reply 614-5. PMID: 12192025.
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  116. Linder JA, Sim I. Antibiotic treatment of acute bronchitis in smokers: a systematic review. J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Mar; 17(3):230-4. PMID: 11929510; PMCID: PMC1495016.
  117. Linder JA, Singer DE . Concern about anthrax among adults with respiratory illnesses. Infect Dis Clin Pract. 2002; 11(5):288-290.
  118. Linder JA, Stafford RS. Antibiotic treatment of adults with sore throat by community primary care physicians: a national survey, 1989-1999. JAMA. 2001 Sep 12; 286(10):1181-6. PMID: 11559262.
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  119. Linder JA, Stafford RS. The diagnosis and treatment of cough. N Engl J Med. 2001 Apr 5; 344(14):1097; author reply 1098. PMID: 11291671.
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  120. Linder JA, Tice JA. Betacarotene and sunscreen use. Lancet. 1999 Dec 18-25; 354(9196):2164. PMID: 10609841.
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