Harvard Catalyst Profiles

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Calvin Brown, M.D.

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Biography
1995
Honors Convocation
1998
McGraw-Hill Book Award for Academic Achievement
1999
Daryl Douglas Memorial Award
1999
Deans Award for Academic Excellence
1999
LW&W Book Award in Neuroanatomy
1999
Medical Alumni Scholarship
2000
Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society
2001
Medical Student of the Year
2001
Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society
2001
SAEM Excellence in Emergency Medicine
2008
Outstanding Attending - BWH
2009
Oustanding Attending- BWH
2009
Exemplary EM Attending
2010
Oustanding Attending - BWH
2011
Outstanding Attending - BWH
2011
Partners in Excellence Team Award
2017
Research Snapshot Silver Award
2019
Highly Commended Award in Anesthesia

Overview
My primary research interest involves emergency airway management particularly characterizing the success rates, techniques, and complications of emergency department intubations. I have additional interest in advanced airway devices used in difficult to manage airways. These include fiberoptic/video assisted laryngoscopes and semirigid fiberoptic stylets. I am currently site investigator for the ongoing National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR), a multi-center international data registry with over 10,000 intubations and am principle investigator for NEAR V, an industry grant funded phase of the NEAR project, aimed at characterizing the use of a video larygoscope during emergency department intubations.
Medical student teaching endeavors include my role as emergency medicine clerkship director for the fourth year medical students as well as tutorial instructor for the Princinple Clinical Experience (PCE) third year students at Brigham and Women's hospital. Through these courses I participate in curriculum development, specifically the implementation of simulation-based seminars in our STRATUS center for medical simulation, direct student teaching and student evaluation. I provided student lectures on airway management, basics of emergency care, environmental emergencies, and procedural training. Additionally, I was a member of the teaching faculty for the Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM) course for second year medical students at BWH. I am involved in a variety of resident teaching forums including formal lectures, simulation sessions and resident report.
My current clinical activities involve direct patient care in the emergency department where I carry a full-time clinical schedule.

Bibliographic
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Mohr NM, Pape SG, Runde D, Kaji AH, Walls RM, Brown CA. Etomidate Use Is Associated With Less Hypotension Than Ketamine for Emergency Department Sepsis Intubations: A NEAR Cohort Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 Jun 30. PMID: 32602974.
    Citations:    
  2. April MD, Arana A, Schauer SG, Davis WT, Oliver JJ, Fantegrossi A, Summers SM, Maddry JK, Walls RM, Brown CA. Ketamine Versus Etomidate and Peri-intubation Hypotension: A National Emergency Airway Registry Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 Jun 26. PMID: 32592205.
    Citations:    
  3. Chang CY, Baugh CW, Brown CA, Weiner SG. Association Between Emergency Physician Length of Stay Rankings and Patient Characteristics. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 Jun 22. PMID: 32569439.
    Citations:    
  4. Driver BE, Mosier JM, Brown CA. The Importance of the Intubation Process for the Safety of Emergency Airway Management. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 Jun 10. PMID: 32519410.
    Citations:    
  5. Driver BE, Prekker ME, Reardon RF, Fantegrossi A, Walls RM, Brown CA. Comparing Emergency Department First-Attempt Intubation Success With Standard-Geometry and Hyperangulated Video Laryngoscopes. Ann Emerg Med. 2020 Apr 30. PMID: 32362430.
    Citations:    
  6. Sandefur BJ, Driver BE, Brown CA, Reardon RF. Definitive Airway Management of Patients with a King Laryngeal Tube™ in Place in the COVID-19 Pandemic. West J Emerg Med. 2020 04 24; 21(3):542-545. PMID: 32421499.
    Citations:    
  7. Brown CA, Mosier JM, Carlson JN, Gibbs MA. Pragmatic recommendations for intubating critically ill patients with suspected COVID-19. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2020 Apr 13. PMID: 32427182.
    Citations:    
  8. Mosier JM, Sakles JC, Law JA, Brown CA, Brindley PG. Tracheal Intubation in the Critically Ill. Where We Came from and Where We Should Go. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 04 01; 201(7):775-788. PMID: 31895986.
    Citations:    
  9. Brown CA, Kaji AH, Fantegrossi A, Carlson JN, April MD, Kilgo RW, Walls RM. Video Laryngoscopy Compared to Augmented Direct Laryngoscopy in Adult Emergency Department Tracheal Intubations: A National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR) Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 02; 27(2):100-108. PMID: 31957174.
    Citations:    
  10. Kaji AH, Shover C, Lee J, Yee L, Pallin DJ, April MD, Carlson JN, Fantegrossi A, Brown CA. Video Versus Direct and Augmented Direct Laryngoscopy in Pediatric Tracheal Intubations. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 05; 27(5):394-402. PMID: 31617640.
    Citations:    
  11. Mekwan J, Brown CA. How do I manage the emergency airway? CJEM. 2019 11; 21(6):706-709. PMID: 31771684.
    Citations:    
  12. Stoecklein HH, Kelly C, Kaji AH, Fantegrossi A, Carlson M, Fix ML, Madsen T, Walls RM, Brown CA. Multicenter Comparison of Nonsupine Versus Supine Positioning During Intubation in the Emergency Department: A National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR) Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2019 10; 26(10):1144-1151. PMID: 31116893.
    Citations:    
  13. Lembersky O, Golz D, Kramer C, Fantegrossi A, Carlson JN, Walls RM, Brown CA. Factors associated with post-intubation sedation after emergency department intubation: A Report from The National Emergency Airway Registry. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 03; 38(3):466-470. PMID: 31130369.
    Citations:    
  14. Monette DL, Brown CA, Benoit JL, McMullan JT, Carleton SC, Steuerwald MT, Eyre A, Pallin DJ. The Impact of Video Laryngoscopy on the Clinical Learning Environment of Emergency Medicine Residents: A Report of 14,313 Intubations. AEM Educ Train. 2019 Apr; 3(2):156-162. PMID: 31008427.
    Citations:    
  15. Kojima T, Harwayne-Gidansky I, Shenoi AN, Owen EB, Napolitano N, Rehder KJ, Adu-Darko MA, Nett ST, Spear D, Meyer K, Giuliano JS, Tarquinio KM, Sanders RC, Lee JH, Simon DW, Vanderford PA, Lee AY, Brown CA, Skippen PW, Breuer RK, Toedt-Pingel I, Parsons SJ, Gradidge EA, Glater LB, Culver K, Nadkarni VM, Nishisaki A. Cricoid Pressure During Induction for Tracheal Intubation in Critically Ill Children: A Report From National Emergency Airway Registry for Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 06; 19(6):528-537. PMID: 29863636.
    Citations:    
  16. Hayden EM, Pallin DJ, Wilcox SR, Gordon JA, Carlson JN, Walls RM, Brown CA. Emergency Department Adult Fiberoptic Intubations: Incidence, Indications, and Implications for Training. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 11; 25(11):1263-1267. PMID: 29701889.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  17. April MD, Arana A, Pallin DJ, Schauer SG, Fantegrossi A, Fernandez J, Maddry JK, Summers SM, Antonacci MA, Brown CA. Emergency Department Intubation Success With Succinylcholine Versus Rocuronium: A National Emergency Airway Registry Study. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 12; 72(6):645-653. PMID: 29747958.
    Citations:    
  18. Kojima T, Laverriere EK, Owen EB, Harwayne-Gidansky I, Shenoi AN, Napolitano N, Rehder KJ, Adu-Darko MA, Nett ST, Spear D, Meyer K, Giuliano JS, Tarquinio KM, Sanders RC, Lee JH, Simon DW, Vanderford PA, Lee AY, Brown CA, Skippen PW, Breuer RK, Toedt-Pingel I, Parsons SJ, Gradidge EA, Glater LB, Culver K, Li S, Polikoff LA, Howell JD, Nuthall G, Bysani GK, Graciano AL, Emeriaud G, Saito O, Orioles A, Walson K, Jung P, Al-Subu AM, Ikeyama T, Shetty R, Yoder KM, Nadkarni VM, Nishisaki A. Clinical Impact of External Laryngeal Manipulation During Laryngoscopy on Tracheal Intubation Success in Critically Ill Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 02; 19(2):106-114. PMID: 29140970.
    Citations:    
  19. Van Oeveren L, Donner J, Fantegrossi A, Mohr NM, Brown CA. Telemedicine-Assisted Intubation in Rural Emergency Departments: A National Emergency Airway Registry Study. Telemed J E Health. 2017 04; 23(4):290-297. PMID: 27673565.
    Citations:    
  20. Goto T, Gibo K, Hagiwara Y, Okubo M, Brown DF, Brown CA, Hasegawa K. Factors Associated with First-Pass Success in Pediatric Intubation in the Emergency Department. West J Emerg Med. 2016 Mar; 17(2):129-34. PMID: 26973736.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  21. Pallin DJ, Dwyer RC, Walls RM, Brown CA. Techniques and Trends, Success Rates, and Adverse Events in Emergency Department Pediatric Intubations: A Report From the National Emergency Airway Registry. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 05; 67(5):610-615.e1. PMID: 26921968.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  22. Carlson JN, Crofts J, Walls RM, Brown CA. Direct Versus Video Laryngoscopy for Intubating Adult Patients with Gastrointestinal Bleeding. West J Emerg Med. 2015 Dec; 16(7):1052-6. PMID: 26759653.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  23. Brown CA, Pallin DJ, Walls RM. Video laryngoscopy and intubation safety: the view is becoming clear. Crit Care Med. 2015 Mar; 43(3):717-8. PMID: 25700064.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  24. Tarquinio KM, Howell JD, Montgomery V, Turner DA, Hsing DD, Parker MM, Brown CA, Walls RM, Nadkarni VM, Nishisaki A. Current medication practice and tracheal intubation safety outcomes from a prospective multicenter observational cohort study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Mar; 16(3):210-8. PMID: 25581629.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  25. Goto T, Gibo K, Hagiwara Y, Morita H, Brown DF, Brown CA, Hasegawa K. Multiple failed intubation attempts are associated with decreased success rates on the first rescue intubation in the emergency department: a retrospective analysis of multicentre observational data. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2015 Jan 16; 23:5. PMID: 25700237.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  26. Goto T, Watase H, Morita H, Nagai H, Brown CA, Brown DF, Hasegawa K. Repeated attempts at tracheal intubation by a single intubator associated with decreased success rates in emergency departments: an analysis of a multicentre prospective observational study. Emerg Med J. 2015 Oct; 32(10):781-6. PMID: 25552546.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  27. Brown CA, Bair AE, Pallin DJ, Walls RM. Techniques, success, and adverse events of emergency department adult intubations. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Apr; 65(4):363-370.e1. PMID: 25533140.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Goto Y, Watase H, Brown CA, Tsuboi S, Kondo T, Brown DFM, Hasegawa K. Emergency airway management by resident physicians in Japan: an analysis of multicentre prospective observational study. Acute Med Surg. 2014 Oct; 1(4):214-221. PMID: 29930851.
    Citations: 1     
  29. Carlson JN, Brown CA. Does the use of video laryngoscopy improve intubation outcomes? Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Aug; 64(2):165-6. PMID: 24635989.
    Citations:    
  30. Brown CA, Cox K, Hurwitz S, Walls RM. 4,871 Emergency airway encounters by air medical providers: a report of the air transport emergency airway management (NEAR VI: "A-TEAM") project. West J Emerg Med. 2014 Mar; 15(2):188-93. PMID: 24672610.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  31. Horton CL, Brown CA, Raja AS. Trauma airway management. J Emerg Med. 2014 Jun; 46(6):814-20. PMID: 24582643.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  32. Yun BJ, Brown CA, Grazioso CJ, Pozner CN, Raja AS. Comparison of video, optical, and direct laryngoscopy by experienced tactical paramedics. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2014 Jul-Sep; 18(3):442-5. PMID: 24460509.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Chong ID, Sandefur BJ, Rimmelin DE, Arbelaez C, Brown CA, Walls RM, Pallin DJ. Long-acting neuromuscular paralysis without concurrent sedation in emergency care. Am J Emerg Med. 2014 May; 32(5):452-6. PMID: 24650718.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  34. Tollefsen WW, Brown CA, Cox KL, Walls RM. Two hundred sixty pediatric emergency airway encounters by air transport personnel: a report of the air transport emergency airway management (NEAR VI: "A-TEAM") project. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Sep; 29(9):963-8. PMID: 23974713.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  35. Hasegawa K, Hagiwara Y, Imamura T, Chiba T, Watase H, Brown CA, Brown DF. Increased incidence of hypotension in elderly patients who underwent emergency airway management: an analysis of a multi-centre prospective observational study. Int J Emerg Med. 2013; 6:12. PMID: 23618100.
    Citations: 8     
  36. Nishisaki A, Turner DA, Brown CA, Walls RM, Nadkarni VM. A National Emergency Airway Registry for children: landscape of tracheal intubation in 15 PICUs. Crit Care Med. 2013 Mar; 41(3):874-85. PMID: 23328260.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  37. Sanders RC, Giuliano JS, Sullivan JE, Brown CA, Walls RM, Nadkarni V, Nishisaki A. Level of trainee and tracheal intubation outcomes. Pediatrics. 2013 Mar; 131(3):e821-8. PMID: 23400606.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  38. Imamura T, Brown CA, Ofuchi H, Yamagami H, Branch J, Hagiwara Y, Brown DF, Hasegawa K. Emergency airway management in geriatric and younger patients: analysis of a multicenter prospective observational study. Am J Emerg Med. 2013 Jan; 31(1):190-6. PMID: 23083883.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  39. Hasegawa K, Shigemitsu K, Hagiwara Y, Chiba T, Watase H, Brown CA, Brown DF. Association between repeated intubation attempts and adverse events in emergency departments: an analysis of a multicenter prospective observational study. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Dec; 60(6):749-754.e2. PMID: 22542734.
    Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  40. Nishisaki A, Donoghue AJ, Colborn S, Watson C, Meyer A, Niles D, Bishnoi R, Hales R, Hutchins L, Helfaer MA, Brown CA, Walls RM, Nadkarni VM, Boulet JR. Development of an instrument for a primary airway provider's performance with an ICU multidisciplinary team in pediatric respiratory failure using simulation. Respir Care. 2012 Jul; 57(7):1121-8. PMID: 22273157.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Nishisaki A, Ferry S, Colborn S, DeFalco C, Dominguez T, Brown CA, Helfaer MA, Berg RA, Walls RM, Nadkarni VM. Characterization of tracheal intubation process of care and safety outcomes in a tertiary pediatric intensive care unit. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 Jan; 13(1):e5-10. PMID: 21057359.
    Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  42. Hasegawa K, Hagiwara Y, Chiba T, Watase H, Walls RM, Brown DF, Brown CA. Emergency airway management in Japan: Interim analysis of a multi-center prospective observational study. Resuscitation. 2012 Apr; 83(4):428-33. PMID: 22155701.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  43. Kohei Hasegawa, Calvin Brown III, David Brown. Emergency Airway Management in Japan: Interim Analysis of a Multi-center Prospective Observational Study Presented at the ACEP national scientific assembly. San Francisco, CA. 2011.
  44. Nishisaki A, Nguyen J, Colborn S, Watson C, Niles D, Hales R, Devale S, Bishnoi R, Nadkarni LD, Donoghue AJ, Meyer A, Brown CA, Helfaer MA, Boulet J, Berg RA, Walls RM, Nadkarni VM. Evaluation of multidisciplinary simulation training on clinical performance and team behavior during tracheal intubation procedures in a pediatric intensive care unit. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2011 Jul; 12(4):406-14. PMID: 20935588.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  45. Akira Nishisaki, Aaron Donoghue, Christine Watson, Shawn Colborn, Susan Ferry, Jessica Leffelman, Roberta Hales, Sujatha Devale, Ram Bishnoi, Calvin Brown III, Rom M Walls, Vinay Nadkarni. Just-in-Time (JIT) tracheal intubation simulation training for Pediatric Residents Phase II: Retention of Resident participation and provider safety performance after discontinuation of JIT training. Presented at the IMSH simulation conference. New Orleans, LA. 2011.
  46. Nishisaki A, Marwaha N, Kasinathan V, Brust P, Brown CA, Berg RA, Walls RM, Tsarouhas N, Nadkarni VM. Airway management in pediatric patients at referring hospitals compared to a receiving tertiary pediatric ICU. Resuscitation. 2011 Apr; 82(4):386-90. PMID: 21227561.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  47. Walls RM, Brown CA, Bair AE, Pallin DJ. Emergency airway management: a multi-center report of 8937 emergency department intubations. J Emerg Med. 2011 Oct; 41(4):347-54. PMID: 20434289.
    Citations: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  48. Bair AE, Olmsted K, Brown CA, Barker T, Pallin D, Walls RM. Assessment of the storz video Macintosh laryngoscope for use in difficult airways: A human simulator study. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Oct; 17(10):1134-7. PMID: 21064263.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  49. Nishisaki A, Donoghue AJ, Colborn S, Watson C, Meyer A, Brown CA, Helfaer MA, Walls RM, Nadkarni VM. Effect of just-in-time simulation training on tracheal intubation procedure safety in the pediatric intensive care unit. Anesthesiology. 2010 Jul; 113(1):214-23. PMID: 20526179.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  50. Brown III CA, Bair AE, Pallin DJ, EG Laurin, Walls RM. Improved Glottic Exposure with the Video Macintosh Laryngoscope in Adult Emergency Department Intubations. National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR) V. Presented ICEM 2010, Singapore. 2010.
  51. Walls RM, Brown III CA, Bair AE, Pallin DJ. Characteristics of 8,937 emergency department intubations. The National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR II). SAEM Annual Scientific Meeting, Phoenix, AZ. 2010.
  52. Brown CA, Bair AE, Pallin DJ, Laurin EG, Walls RM. Improved glottic exposure with the Video Macintosh Laryngoscope in adult emergency department tracheal intubations. Ann Emerg Med. 2010 Aug; 56(2):83-8. PMID: 20202720.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  53. Calvin A. Brown III. Hemoptysis. Marx, Hockberger, Walls, et al.: Rosens Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, 7th edition . 2009.
  54. Calvin A. Brown III MD Ron W. Walls MD. Orotracheal Intubation. Procedures Consult: Internal Medicine Module. 2008; 69:1-27.
  55. Calvin A Brown III, MD. The Decision to Intubate. UpToDate - Emergency Medidicine. 2008.
  56. Christian Arbealez MD Calvin A Brown III MD. Geriatric Intubation. UpToDate - Emergency Medicine. 2008.
  57. Christian Arbealez MD Susan Bartels MD Calvin A. Brown III MD. Intubation in the Morbidly Obese Patient. UpToDate - Emergency Medicine. 2008.
  58. Calvin A. Brown III, Michaeal Murphy. Fiberoptic Stylets and Guides. Manual of Emergency Airway Management. 2008; 158-166.
  59. Sackles JC, Brown III CA. Video Laryngoscopy. Manual of Emergency Airway Management. 2008; 167-184.
  60. Brown III CA, Bair AE, Laurin E, Walls RM. Emergency Video-Assisted Laryngoscopy - National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR V). An Initial eport on 81 Intubations. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2007; 50(3, Supplement):S110.
  61. Brown III, CA. Venous Insufficiency. In Shaider J, Hayden S, Wolfe R, Barkin R, and Rosen P, eds. Rosen and Barkin's 5-Minute Emergency Consults, 3rd edition. 2007; 1194-1195.
  62. Shewakramani S, Brown III CA, Walls RM. . Airway Management in Head Injury - A Report in 1,128 Intubations from the National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR III). Acad. Emerg Med. 2006; 13(Supplement 1):S164-S165.
  63. Brown CA, Nadel ES, Brown DF. Penetrating torso trauma. J Emerg Med. 2005 Apr; 28(3):325-8. PMID: 15769578.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.