Harvard Catalyst Profiles

Contact, publication, and social network information about Harvard faculty and fellows.

George Liang King, M.D.

Other Positions

Role of Insulin and PKC activation in monocytes differentiation and the development of atherosclerosis
Summer, 06/20/05 - 09/01/05

The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. DP3DK112192 (KING, GEORGE L) Sep 30, 2016 - Sep 29, 2019
    Pyruvate kinase M2 levels and activation as protective factors for diabetic nephropathy
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
  2. R01EY026080 (KING, GEORGE L) Mar 1, 2016 - Dec 31, 2024
    Identification of Retinoid-Binding Protein 3 (RBP3): A Protective Factor against Diabetic Retinopathy Using Retina from People with Extreme Duration of Diabetes
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. DP3DK094333 (KING, GEORGE L) Sep 30, 2011 - Jun 30, 2016
    Validation of Potential Protective Factors from Diabetic Complications
    Role: Principal Investigator
  4. R24DK090961 (KING, GEORGE L) Sep 30, 2010 - Aug 31, 2013
    Protective Factors Against the Development of Microvascular Complications
    Role: Principal Investigator
  5. R24DK083957 (KING, GEORGE L) Aug 1, 2009 - Jul 31, 2011
    Biomarkers for protection against complications and beta-cell destruction
    Role: Principal Investigator

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Fu J, Yu MG, Li Q, Park K, King GL. Insulin Actions on the Vascular Tissues: Physiological Effects and Pathophysiological Contributions to Vascular Complications of Diabetes. Mol Metab. 2021 Apr 17; 101236. PMID: 33878400.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  2. Fickweiler W, Wolfson EA, Paniagua SM, Yu MG, Adam A, Bahnam V, Sampani K, Wu IH, Musen G, Aiello LP, Shah H, Sun JK, King GL. Association of Cognitive Function and Retinal Neural and Vascular Structure in Type 1 Diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2021 Mar 25; 106(4):1139-1149. PMID: 33378459.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    
  3. Fickweiler W, Aiello LP, Sun JK, King GL. Retinol binding protein 3 as biomarker for diabetic retinopathy. Ann Transl Med. 2019 Nov; 7(22):706. PMID: 31930216.
    Citations: 2     
  4. Vaisar T, Kanter JE, Wimberger J, Irwin AD, Gauthier J, Wolfson E, Bahnam V, Wu IH, Shah H, Keenan HA, Greenbaum CJ, King GL, Heinecke JW, Bornfeldt KE. High Concentration of Medium-Sized HDL Particles and Enrichment in HDL Paraoxonase 1 Associate With Protection From Vascular Complications in People With Long-standing Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2020 01; 43(1):178-186. PMID: 31597668.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  5. Li Q, Fu J, Xia Y, Qi W, Ishikado A, Park K, Yokomizo H, Huang Q, Cai W, Rask-Madsen C, Kahn CR, King GL. Homozygous receptors for insulin and not IGF-1 accelerate intimal hyperplasia in insulin resistance and diabetes. Nat Commun. 2019 09 27; 10(1):4427. PMID: 31562314.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  6. Yokomizo H, Maeda Y, Park K, Clermont AC, Hernandez SL, Fickweiler W, Li Q, Wang CH, Paniagua SM, Simao F, Ishikado A, Sun B, Wu IH, Katagiri S, Pober DM, Tinsley LJ, Avery RL, Feener EP, Kern TS, Keenan HA, Aiello LP, Sun JK, King GL. Retinol binding protein 3 is increased in the retina of patients with diabetes resistant to diabetic retinopathy. Sci Transl Med. 2019 07 03; 11(499). PMID: 31270273.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  7. Yu MG, Keenan HA, Shah HS, Frodsham SG, Pober D, He Z, Wolfson EA, D'Eon S, Tinsley LJ, Bonner-Weir S, Pezzolesi MG, King GL. Residual ß cell function and monogenic variants in long-duration type 1 diabetes patients. J Clin Invest. 2019 07 02; 129(8):3252-3263. PMID: 31264968.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
  8. Shinjo T, Ishikado A, Hasturk H, Pober DM, Paniagua SM, Shah H, Wu IH, Tinsley LJ, Matsumoto M, Keenan HA, Van Dyke TE, Genco RJ, King GL. Characterization of periodontitis in people with type 1 diabetes of 50 years or longer duration. J Periodontol. 2019 06; 90(6):565-575. PMID: 31026349.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  9. Gordin D, Shah H, Shinjo T, St-Louis R, Qi W, Park K, Paniagua SM, Pober DM, Wu IH, Bahnam V, Brissett MJ, Tinsley LJ, Dreyfuss JM, Pan H, Dong Y, Niewczas MA, Amenta P, Sadowski T, Kannt A, Keenan HA, King GL. Characterization of Glycolytic Enzymes and Pyruvate Kinase M2 in Type 1 and 2 Diabetic Nephropathy. Diabetes Care. 2019 07; 42(7):1263-1273. PMID: 31076418.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  10. Gordin D, King GL. Response to Comment on Gordin et al. Differential Association of Microvascular Attributions With Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Long Duration of Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2018;41:815-822. Diabetes Care. 2018 07; 41(7):e128. PMID: 29934489.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  11. Musen G, Tinsley LJ, Marcinkowski KA, Pober D, Sun JK, Khatri M, Huynh R, Lu A, King GL, Keenan HA. Cognitive Function Deficits Associated With Long-Duration Type 1 Diabetes and Vascular Complications. Diabetes Care. 2018 08; 41(8):1749-1756. PMID: 29871904.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  12. Qi W, Li Q, Gordin D, King GL. Preservation of renal function in chronic diabetes by enhancing glomerular glucose metabolism. J Mol Med (Berl). 2018 05; 96(5):373-381. PMID: 29574544.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  13. Mima A, Yasuzawa T, King GL, Ueshima S. Obesity-associated glomerular inflammation increases albuminuria without renal histological changes. FEBS Open Bio. 2018 04; 8(4):664-670. PMID: 29632818.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    
  14. Roshandel D, Gubitosi-Klug R, Bull SB, Canty AJ, Pezzolesi MG, King GL, Keenan HA, Snell-Bergeon JK, Maahs DM, Klein R, Klein BEK, Orchard TJ, Costacou T, Weedon MN, Oram RA, Paterson AD. Meta-genome-wide association studies identify a locus on chromosome 1 and multiple variants in the MHC region for serum C-peptide in type 1 diabetes. Diabetologia. 2018 05; 61(5):1098-1111. PMID: 29404672.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  15. Gordin D, Harjutsalo V, Tinsley L, Fickweiler W, Sun JK, Forsblom C, Amenta PS, Pober D, D'Eon S, Khatri M, Stillman IE, Groop PH, Keenan HA, King GL. Differential Association of Microvascular Attributions With Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Long Duration of Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2018 04; 41(4):815-822. PMID: 29386250.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  16. Barrett EJ, Liu Z, Khamaisi M, King GL, Klein R, Klein BEK, Hughes TM, Craft S, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Vinik AI, Casellini CM. Diabetic Microvascular Disease: An Endocrine Society Scientific Statement. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 12 01; 102(12):4343-4410. PMID: 29126250.
    Citations: 57     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  17. Park K, Li Q, Evcimen ND, Rask-Madsen C, Maeda Y, Maddaloni E, Yokomizo H, Shinjo T, St-Louis R, Fu J, Gordin D, Khamaisi M, Pober D, Keenan H, King GL. Exogenous Insulin Infusion Can Decrease Atherosclerosis in Diabetic Rodents by Improving Lipids, Inflammation, and Endothelial Function. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2018 01; 38(1):92-101. PMID: 29162603.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  18. Tinsley LJ, Kupelian V, D'Eon SA, Pober D, Sun JK, King GL, Keenan HA. Association of Glycemic Control With Reduced Risk for Large-Vessel Disease After More Than 50 Years of Type 1 Diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 10 01; 102(10):3704-3711. PMID: 28973526.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  19. Maddaloni E, Xia Y, Park K, D'Eon S, Tinsley LJ, St-Louis R, Khamaisi M, Li Q, King GL, Keenan HA. High density lipoprotein modulates osteocalcin expression in circulating monocytes: a potential protective mechanism for cardiovascular disease in type 1 diabetes. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2017 09 16; 16(1):116. PMID: 28915881.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  20. Li Q, Park K, Xia Y, Matsumoto M, Qi W, Fu J, Yokomizo H, Khamaisi M, Wang X, Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Regulation of Macrophage Apoptosis and Atherosclerosis by Lipid-Induced PKCd Isoform Activation. Circ Res. 2017 Oct 27; 121(10):1153-1167. PMID: 28855204.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  21. Qi W, Keenan HA, Li Q, Ishikado A, Kannt A, Sadowski T, Yorek MA, Wu IH, Lockhart S, Coppey LJ, Pfenninger A, Liew CW, Qiang G, Burkart AM, Hastings S, Pober D, Cahill C, Niewczas MA, Israelsen WJ, Tinsley L, Stillman IE, Amenta PS, Feener EP, Vander Heiden MG, Stanton RC, King GL. Pyruvate kinase M2 activation may protect against the progression of diabetic glomerular pathology and mitochondrial dysfunction. Nat Med. 2017 Jun; 23(6):753-762. PMID: 28436957.
    Citations: 83     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  22. Noh H, Yu MR, Kim HJ, Lee JH, Park BW, Wu IH, Matsumoto M, King GL. Beta 2-adrenergic receptor agonists are novel regulators of macrophage activation in diabetic renal and cardiovascular complications. Kidney Int. 2017 07; 92(1):101-113. PMID: 28396116.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  23. Rask-Madsen C, Park K, Li Q, King GL. Letter by Rask-Madsen et al Regarding Article, "Selective Enhancement of Insulin Sensitivity in the Endothelium In Vivo Reveals a Novel Proatherosclerotic Signaling Loop". Circ Res. 2017 02 17; 120(4):e2-e3. PMID: 28209799.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  24. Qi W, Li Q, Liew CW, Rask-Madsen C, Lockhart SM, Rasmussen LM, Xia Y, Wang X, Khamaisi M, Croce K, King GL. SHP-1 activation inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal hyperplasia in a rodent model of insulin resistance and diabetes. Diabetologia. 2017 03; 60(3):585-596. PMID: 27933336.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  25. King GL, Park K, Li Q. Selective Insulin Resistance and the Development of Cardiovascular Diseases in Diabetes: The 2015 Edwin Bierman Award Lecture. Diabetes. 2016 06; 65(6):1462-71. PMID: 27222390.
    Citations: 50     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  26. Katagiri S, Park K, Maeda Y, Rao TN, Khamaisi M, Li Q, Yokomizo H, Mima A, Lancerotto L, Wagers A, Orgill DP, King GL. Overexpressing IRS1 in Endothelial Cells Enhances Angioblast Differentiation and Wound Healing in Diabetes and Insulin Resistance. Diabetes. 2016 09; 65(9):2760-71. PMID: 27217486.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  27. Park K, Mima A, Li Q, Rask-Madsen C, He P, Mizutani K, Katagiri S, Maeda Y, Wu IH, Khamaisi M, Preil SR, Maddaloni E, Sørensen D, Rasmussen LM, Huang PL, King GL. Insulin decreases atherosclerosis by inducing endothelin receptor B expression. JCI Insight. 2016 May 05; 1(6). PMID: 27200419.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    
  28. Khamaisi M, Katagiri S, Keenan H, Park K, Maeda Y, Li Q, Qi W, Thomou T, Eschuk D, Tellechea A, Veves A, Huang C, Orgill DP, Wagers A, King GL. PKCd inhibition normalizes the wound-healing capacity of diabetic human fibroblasts. J Clin Invest. 2016 Mar 01; 126(3):837-53. PMID: 26808499.
    Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  29. Bhatt S, Gupta MK, Khamaisi M, Martinez R, Gritsenko MA, Wagner BK, Guye P, Busskamp V, Shirakawa J, Wu G, Liew CW, Clauss TR, Valdez I, El Ouaamari A, Dirice E, Takatani T, Keenan HA, Smith RD, Church G, Weiss R, Wagers AJ, Qian WJ, King GL, Kulkarni RN. Preserved DNA Damage Checkpoint Pathway Protects against Complications in Long-Standing Type 1 Diabetes. Cell Metab. 2015 Aug 04; 22(2):239-52. PMID: 26244933.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  30. Agarwal I, Glazer NL, Barasch E, Djousse L, Gottdiener JS, Ix JH, Kizer JR, Rimm EB, Siscovick DS, King GL, Mukamal KJ. Associations between metabolic dysregulation and circulating biomarkers of fibrosis: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Metabolism. 2015 Oct; 64(10):1316-23. PMID: 26282733.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  31. He ZH, D'Eon SA, Tinsley LJ, Fitzgerald S, Hastings SM, Khamaisi M, Sun JK, Turek SJ, Schaefer EJ, King GL, Keenan HA. Cardiovascular disease protection in long-duration type 1 diabetes and sex differences. Diabetes Care. 2015 May; 38(5):e73-4. PMID: 25908159.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  32. Durpès MC, Morin C, Paquin-Veillet J, Beland R, Paré M, Guimond MO, Rekhter M, King GL, Geraldes P. PKC-ß activation inhibits IL-18-binding protein causing endothelial dysfunction and diabetic atherosclerosis. Cardiovasc Res. 2015 May 01; 106(2):303-13. PMID: 25808972.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  33. Hsu WC, Lau KH, Matsumoto M, Moghazy D, Keenan H, King GL. Improvement of insulin sensitivity by isoenergy high carbohydrate traditional Asian diet: a randomized controlled pilot feasibility study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e106851. PMID: 25226279.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  34. Kondo K, Ishikado A, Morino K, Nishio Y, Ugi S, Kajiwara S, Kurihara M, Iwakawa H, Nakao K, Uesaki S, Shigeta Y, Imanaka H, Yoshizaki T, Sekine O, Makino T, Maegawa H, King GL, Kashiwagi A. A high-fiber, low-fat diet improves periodontal disease markers in high-risk subjects: a pilot study. Nutr Res. 2014 Jun; 34(6):491-8. PMID: 25026916.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  35. Hernandez SL, Gong JH, Chen L, Wu IH, Sun JK, Keenan HA, King GL. Characterization of circulating and endothelial progenitor cells in patients with extreme-duration type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014 Aug; 37(8):2193-201. PMID: 24780357.
    Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  36. Mizutani K, Park K, Mima A, Katagiri S, King GL. Obesity-associated Gingival Vascular Inflammation and Insulin Resistance. J Dent Res. 2014 Jun; 93(6):596-601. PMID: 24744283.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  37. Turek SJ, Hastings SM, Sun JK, King GL, Keenan HA. Sexual dysfunction as a marker of cardiovascular disease in males with 50 or more years of type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013 Oct; 36(10):3222-6. PMID: 23780949.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  38. Park K, Li Q, Rask-Madsen C, Mima A, Mizutani K, Winnay J, Maeda Y, D'Aquino K, White MF, Feener EP, King GL. Serine phosphorylation sites on IRS2 activated by angiotensin II and protein kinase C to induce selective insulin resistance in endothelial cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Aug; 33(16):3227-41. PMID: 23775122.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  39. Le H, Wong S, Iftikar T, Keenan H, King GL, Hsu WC. Characterization of factors affecting attainment of glycemic control in Asian Americans with diabetes in a culturally specific program. Diabetes Educ. 2013 Jul-Aug; 39(4):468-77. PMID: 23771841.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  40. Li Q, Park K, Li C, Rask-Madsen C, Mima A, Qi W, Mizutani K, Huang P, King GL. Induction of vascular insulin resistance and endothelin-1 expression and acceleration of atherosclerosis by the overexpression of protein kinase C-ß isoform in the endothelium. Circ Res. 2013 Aug 02; 113(4):418-27. PMID: 23759514.
    Citations: 37     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  41. Fukuzawa T, Fukazawa M, Ueda O, Shimada H, Kito A, Kakefuda M, Kawase Y, Wada NA, Goto C, Fukushima N, Jishage K, Honda K, King GL, Kawabe Y. SGLT5 reabsorbs fructose in the kidney but its deficiency paradoxically exacerbates hepatic steatosis induced by fructose. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e56681. PMID: 23451068.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  42. Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Vascular complications of diabetes: mechanisms of injury and protective factors. Cell Metab. 2013 Jan 08; 17(1):20-33. PMID: 23312281.
    Citations: 158     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  43. Ishikado A, Sono Y, Matsumoto M, Robida-Stubbs S, Okuno A, Goto M, King GL, Keith Blackwell T, Makino T. Willow bark extract increases antioxidant enzymes and reduces oxidative stress through activation of Nrf2 in vascular endothelial cells and Caenorhabditis elegans. Free Radic Biol Med. 2013 Dec; 65:1506-1515. PMID: 23277146.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  44. Mima A, Qi W, Hiraoka-Yamomoto J, Park K, Matsumoto M, Kitada M, Li Q, Mizutani K, Yu E, Shimada T, Lee J, Shoelson SE, Jobin C, Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Retinal not systemic oxidative and inflammatory stress correlated with VEGF expression in rodent models of insulin resistance and diabetes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Dec 19; 53(13):8424-32. PMID: 23197686.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  45. Mima A, Qi W, King GL. Implications of treatment that target protective mechanisms against diabetic nephropathy. Semin Nephrol. 2012 Sep; 32(5):471-8. PMID: 23062988.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. Glazer NL, Macy EM, Lumley T, Smith NL, Reiner AP, Psaty BM, King GL, Tracy RP, Siscovick DS. Transforming growth factor beta-1 and incidence of heart failure in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Cytokine. 2012 Nov; 60(2):341-5. PMID: 22878343.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  47. Mima A, Hiraoka-Yamomoto J, Li Q, Kitada M, Li C, Geraldes P, Matsumoto M, Mizutani K, Park K, Cahill C, Nishikawa S, Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Protective effects of GLP-1 on glomerular endothelium and its inhibition by PKCß activation in diabetes. Diabetes. 2012 Nov; 61(11):2967-79. PMID: 22826029.
    Citations: 53     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  48. Hsu WC, Boyko EJ, Fujimoto WY, Kanaya A, Karmally W, Karter A, King GL, Look M, Maskarinec G, Misra R, Tavake-Pasi F, Arakaki R. Pathophysiologic differences among Asians, native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders and treatment implications. Diabetes Care. 2012 May; 35(5):1189-98. PMID: 22517940.
    Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  49. King GL, McNeely MJ, Thorpe LE, Mau ML, Ko J, Liu LL, Sun A, Hsu WC, Chow EA. Understanding and addressing unique needs of diabetes in Asian Americans, native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Diabetes Care. 2012 May; 35(5):1181-8. PMID: 22517939.
    Citations: 56     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  50. Mima A, Kitada M, Geraldes P, Li Q, Matsumoto M, Mizutani K, Qi W, Li C, Leitges M, Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Glomerular VEGF resistance induced by PKCd/SHP-1 activation and contribution to diabetic nephropathy. FASEB J. 2012 Jul; 26(7):2963-74. PMID: 22499584.
    Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  51. Rask-Madsen C, Buonomo E, Li Q, Park K, Clermont AC, Yerokun O, Rekhter M, King GL. Hyperinsulinemia does not change atherosclerosis development in apolipoprotein E null mice. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 May; 32(5):1124-31. PMID: 22426129.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  52. Maeno Y, Li Q, Park K, Rask-Madsen C, Gao B, Matsumoto M, Liu Y, Wu IH, White MF, Feener EP, King GL. Inhibition of insulin signaling in endothelial cells by protein kinase C-induced phosphorylation of p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). J Biol Chem. 2012 Feb 10; 287(7):4518-30. PMID: 22158866.
    Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  53. Hsu WC, Okeke E, Cheung S, Keenan H, Tsui T, Cheng K, King GL. A cross-sectional characterization of insulin resistance by phenotype and insulin clamp in East Asian Americans with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. PLoS One. 2011; 6(12):e28311. PMID: 22164267.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  54. Bezy O, Tran TT, Pihlajamäki J, Suzuki R, Emanuelli B, Winnay J, Mori MA, Haas J, Biddinger SB, Leitges M, Goldfine AB, Patti ME, King GL, Kahn CR. PKCd regulates hepatic insulin sensitivity and hepatosteatosis in mice and humans. J Clin Invest. 2011 Jun; 121(6):2504-17. PMID: 21576825.
    Citations: 49     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  55. Sun JK, Keenan HA, Cavallerano JD, Asztalos BF, Schaefer EJ, Sell DR, Strauch CM, Monnier VM, Doria A, Aiello LP, King GL. Protection from retinopathy and other complications in patients with type 1 diabetes of extreme duration: the joslin 50-year medalist study. Diabetes Care. 2011 Apr; 34(4):968-74. PMID: 21447665.
    Citations: 84     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  56. Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Endothelium-dependent delivery of insulin to muscle interstitium. Cell Metab. 2011 Mar 02; 13(3):236-8. PMID: 21356512.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    
  57. Jeong IK, King GL. New perspectives on diabetic vascular complications: the loss of endogenous protective factors induced by hyperglycemia. Diabetes Metab J. 2011 Feb; 35(1):8-11. PMID: 21537407.
    Citations: 13     
  58. Mima A, Ohshiro Y, Kitada M, Matsumoto M, Geraldes P, Li C, Li Q, White GS, Cahill C, Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Glomerular-specific protein kinase C-ß-induced insulin receptor substrate-1 dysfunction and insulin resistance in rat models of diabetes and obesity. Kidney Int. 2011 Apr; 79(8):883-96. PMID: 21228767.
    Citations: 48     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  59. Stanton RC, King GL. A complex interplay of factors causes diabetic nephropathy. Metabolism. 2011 May; 60(5):591-3. PMID: 21109270.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  60. Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Diabetes: Podocytes lose their footing. Nature. 2010 Nov 04; 468(7320):42-4. PMID: 21048754.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  61. Cao L, Arany PR, Kim J, Rivera-Feliciano J, Wang YS, He Z, Rask-Madsen C, King GL, Mooney DJ. Modulating Notch signaling to enhance neovascularization and reperfusion in diabetic mice. Biomaterials. 2010 Dec; 31(34):9048-56. PMID: 20800279.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  62. Keenan HA, Sun JK, Levine J, Doria A, Aiello LP, Eisenbarth G, Bonner-Weir S, King GL. Residual insulin production and pancreatic ß-cell turnover after 50 years of diabetes: Joslin Medalist Study. Diabetes. 2010 Nov; 59(11):2846-53. PMID: 20699420.
    Citations: 181     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  63. Kitada M, Zhang Z, Mima A, King GL. Molecular mechanisms of diabetic vascular complications. J Diabetes Investig. 2010 Jun 01; 1(3):77-89. PMID: 24843412.
    Citations: 46     Fields:    
  64. Rask-Madsen C, Li Q, Freund B, Feather D, Abramov R, Wu IH, Chen K, Yamamoto-Hiraoka J, Goldenbogen J, Sotiropoulos KB, Clermont A, Geraldes P, Dall'Osso C, Wagers AJ, Huang PL, Rekhter M, Scalia R, Kahn CR, King GL. Loss of insulin signaling in vascular endothelial cells accelerates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E null mice. Cell Metab. 2010 May 05; 11(5):379-89. PMID: 20444418.
    Citations: 110     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  65. Geraldes P, King GL. Activation of protein kinase C isoforms and its impact on diabetic complications. Circ Res. 2010 Apr 30; 106(8):1319-31. PMID: 20431074.
    Citations: 250     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  66. Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Kidney complications: factors that protect the diabetic vasculature. Nat Med. 2010 Jan; 16(1):40-1. PMID: 20057426.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  67. King GL, Das-Evcimen N. Role of protein kinase C in diabetic complications. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan; 5(1):77-88. PMID: 30934385.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  68. Geraldes P, Hiraoka-Yamamoto J, Matsumoto M, Clermont A, Leitges M, Marette A, Aiello LP, Kern TS, King GL. Activation of PKC-delta and SHP-1 by hyperglycemia causes vascular cell apoptosis and diabetic retinopathy. Nat Med. 2009 Nov; 15(11):1298-306. PMID: 19881493.
    Citations: 164     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  69. Kondo T, El Khattabi I, Nishimura W, Laybutt DR, Geraldes P, Shah S, King G, Bonner-Weir S, Weir G, Sharma A. p38 MAPK is a major regulator of MafA protein stability under oxidative stress. Mol Endocrinol. 2009 Aug; 23(8):1281-90. PMID: 19407223.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  70. Rigor DL, Bodyak N, Bae S, Choi JH, Zhang L, Ter-Ovanesyan D, He Z, McMullen JR, Shioi T, Izumo S, King GL, Kang PM. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase Akt signaling pathway interacts with protein kinase Cbeta2 in the regulation of physiologic developmental hypertrophy and heart function. . 2009 Mar; 296(3):H566-72. PMID: 19122165.
    Citations: 8     Translation:AnimalsCells
  71. Geraldes P, Yagi K, Ohshiro Y, He Z, Maeno Y, Yamamoto-Hiraoka J, Rask-Madsen C, Chung SW, Perrella MA, King GL. Selective regulation of heme oxygenase-1 expression and function by insulin through IRS1/phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt-2 pathway. J Biol Chem. 2008 Dec 05; 283(49):34327-36. PMID: 18854316.
    Citations: 25     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  72. Isshiki K, He Z, Maeno Y, Ma RC, Yasuda Y, Kuroki T, White GS, Patti ME, Weir GC, King GL. Insulin regulates SOCS2 expression and the mitogenic effect of IGF-1 in mesangial cells. Kidney Int. 2008 Dec; 74(11):1434-43. PMID: 19008912.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  73. King GL. The role of inflammatory cytokines in diabetes and its complications. J Periodontol. 2008 Aug; 79(8 Suppl):1527-34. PMID: 18673007.
    Citations: 165     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  74. Tong Z, Yang Z, Patel S, Chen H, Gibbs D, Yang X, Hau VS, Kaminoh Y, Harmon J, Pearson E, Buehler J, Chen Y, Yu B, Tinkham NH, Zabriskie NA, Zeng J, Luo L, Sun JK, Prakash M, Hamam RN, Tonna S, Constantine R, Ronquillo CC, Sadda S, Avery RL, Brand JM, London N, Anduze AL, King GL, Bernstein PS, Watkins S, Jorde LB, Li DY, Aiello LP, Pollak MR, Zhang K. Promoter polymorphism of the erythropoietin gene in severe diabetic eye and kidney complications. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 May 13; 105(19):6998-7003. PMID: 18458324.
    Citations: 75     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  75. Rask-Madsen C, King GL. More sugar, less blood vessels: another piece in the puzzle of increased cardiovascular risk in diabetes. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2008 Apr; 28(4):608-10. PMID: 18354093.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  76. Rask-Madsen C, King GL. Differential regulation of VEGF signaling by PKC-alpha and PKC-epsilon in endothelial cells. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2008 May; 28(5):919-24. PMID: 18323518.
    Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  77. Biddinger SB, Hernandez-Ono A, Rask-Madsen C, Haas JT, Alemán JO, Suzuki R, Scapa EF, Agarwal C, Carey MC, Stephanopoulos G, Cohen DE, King GL, Ginsberg HN, Kahn CR. Hepatic insulin resistance is sufficient to produce dyslipidemia and susceptibility to atherosclerosis. Cell Metab. 2008 Feb; 7(2):125-34. PMID: 18249172.
    Citations: 190     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  78. Geraldes P, Yamagata M, Rook SL, Sassa Y, Ma RC, Clermont A, Gao B, Aiello LP, Feener EP, King GL. Glypican 4, a membrane binding protein for bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein signaling pathways in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Dec; 48(12):5750-5. PMID: 18055828.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  79. Noh H, King GL. The role of protein kinase C activation in diabetic nephropathy. Kidney Int Suppl. 2007 Aug; (106):S49-53. PMID: 17653211.
    Citations: 52     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells