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Michael Fox, M.D.,Ph.D.

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Ohio State UniversityBS2001Electrical Engineering
Washington University in St. LouisMD, PhD2008Medicine, Neuroscience

Michael Fox, MD, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School and the Founding Director of the Center for Brain Circuit Therapeutics at Brigham and Women's Hospital. He directs the laboratory for Brain Network Imaging and Modulation and is affiliated with the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation at BIDMC and the Martino's Center for Biomedical Imaging at Massachusetts General Hospital.

Dr. Fox received a bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering from the Ohio State University in 2001 followed by an MD and PhD from Washington University in St. Louis in 2008. Following a medical internship at Barnes Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, he completed his Neurology Residency and Movement Disorders Fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. He joined the faculty of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School in 2014.

Clinically, Dr. Fox specializes in the use of both invasive and noninvasive brain stimulation for the treatment of brain disease. His practice includes deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease, essential tremor, and dystonia as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for treatment of medication-refractory depression.

Dr. Fox's research focuses on the development of new and improved treatments for brain disease based on understanding brain networks and the effects of brain stimulation. He is a recognized expert in the use of brain network imaging techniques such as resting state functional connectivity MRI and a leader in applying these techniques towards improved brain stimulation therapies. He is the author of numerous highly cited articles in the fields of brain imaging and brain stimulation, teaches courses on these topics at the Martino's Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH and the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation at BIDMC, holds multiple patents, and has won several awards for his work.

The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. R56AG069086 (FOX, MICHAEL D) Apr 15, 2021 - Mar 31, 2022
    Transdiagnostic memory, mood and motor circuits in Alzheimer's and neurodegenerative disease
    Role: Principal Investigator
  2. R21MH126271 (FOX, MICHAEL D) Apr 1, 2021 - Mar 31, 2023
    Targeted modulation of symptom-specific brain circuits with transcranial magnetic stimulation
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. R01MH113929 (FOX, MICHAEL D) Sep 19, 2017 - Aug 31, 2022
    Using human brain connectivity to identify the causal neuroanatomical substrate of depression symptoms
    Role: Principal Investigator
  4. K23NS083741 (FOX, MICHAEL D) Aug 15, 2013 - May 31, 2018
    Use of Resting-State Networks to Predict the Ideal Site for Brain Stimulation
    Role: Principal Investigator
  5. F30NS054398 (FOX, MICHAEL D) Jan 1, 2006 - Dec 31, 2009
    Functional Relevance of Spontaneous BOLD Fluctuations
    Role: Principal Investigator

Featured Content

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Peng X, Liu Q, Hubbard CS, Wang D, Zhu W, Fox MD, Liu H. Robust dynamic brain coactivation states estimated in individuals. Sci Adv. 2023 Jan 18; 9(3):eabq8566. PMID: 36652524.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  2. Taylor JJ, Lin C, Talmasov D, Ferguson MA, Schaper FLWVJ, Jiang J, Goodkind M, Grafman J, Etkin A, Siddiqi SH, Fox MD. A transdiagnostic network for psychiatric illness derived from atrophy and lesions. Nat Hum Behav. 2023 Jan 12. PMID: 36635585.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  3. Neudorfer C, Butenko K, Oxenford S, Rajamani N, Achtzehn J, Goede L, Hollunder B, Ríos AS, Hart L, Tasserie J, Fernando KB, Nguyen TAK, Al-Fatly B, Vissani M, Fox M, Richardson RM, van Rienen U, Kühn AA, Husch AD, Opri E, Dembek T, Li N, Horn A. Lead-DBS v3.0: Mapping deep brain stimulation effects to local anatomy and global networks. Neuroimage. 2023 Jan 05; 268:119862. PMID: 36610682.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  4. Cohen AL, Kroeck MR, Wall J, McManus P, Ovchinnikova A, Sahin M, Krueger DA, Bebin EM, Northrup H, Wu JY, Warfield SK, Peters JM, Fox MD. Tubers Affecting the Fusiform Face Area Are Associated with Autism Diagnosis. Ann Neurol. 2022 Nov 16. PMID: 36394118.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  5. Corp DT, Greenwood CJ, Morrison-Ham J, Pullinen J, McDowall GM, Younger EFP, Jinnah HA, Fox MD, Joutsa J. Clinical and Structural Findings in Patients With Lesion-Induced Dystonia: Descriptive and Quantitative Analysis of Published Cases. Neurology. 2022 11 01; 99(18):e1957-e1967. PMID: 35977840; PMCID: PMC9651464.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  6. Kim NY, Taylor JJ, Kim YW, Borsook D, Joutsa J, Li J, Quesada C, Peyron R, Fox MD. Network Effects of Brain Lesions Causing Central Poststroke Pain. Ann Neurol. 2022 11; 92(5):834-845. PMID: 36271755.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  7. Joutsa J, Moussawi K, Siddiqi SH, Abdolahi A, Drew W, Cohen AL, Ross TJ, Deshpande HU, Wang HZ, Bruss J, Stein EA, Volkow ND, Grafman JH, van Wijngaarden E, Boes AD, Fox MD. Brain lesions disrupting addiction map to a common human brain circuit. Nat Med. 2022 06; 28(6):1249-1255. PMID: 35697842; PMCID: PMC9205767.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  8. Watson N, Schaper FLWVJ, Jabbour S, Sadler S, Bain PA, Fox MD, Naples JG. Is There an Optimal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Target to Treat Chronic Tinnitus? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2022 Jun 07; 1945998221102082. PMID: 35671136.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  9. Siddiqi SH, Taylor JJ, Horn A, Fox MD. Bringing Human Brain Connectomics to Clinical Practice in Psychiatry. Biol Psychiatry. 2022 May 26. PMID: 35868885.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  10. Siddiqi SH, Kording KP, Parvizi J, Fox MD. Causal mapping of human brain function. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2022 06; 23(6):361-375. PMID: 35444305; PMCID: PMC9387758.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  11. Fox MD, Deuschl G. Converging on a Neuromodulation Target for Tremor. Ann Neurol. 2022 05; 91(5):581-584. PMID: 35362142.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  12. Singh NM, Harrod JB, Subramanian S, Robinson M, Chang K, Cetin-Karayumak S, Dalca AV, Eickhoff S, Fox M, Franke L, Golland P, Haehn D, Iglesias JE, O'Donnell LJ, Ou Y, Rathi Y, Siddiqi SH, Sun H, Westover MB, Whitfield-Gabrieli S, Gollub RL. How Machine Learning is Powering Neuroimaging to Improve Brain Health. Neuroinformatics. 2022 10; 20(4):943-964. PMID: 35347570; PMCID: PMC9515245.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  13. Bonkhoff AK, Bretzner M, Hong S, Schirmer MD, Cohen A, Regenhardt RW, Donahue KL, Nardin MJ, Dalca AV, Giese AK, Etherton MR, Hancock BL, Mocking SJT, McIntosh EC, Attia J, Benavente OR, Bevan S, Cole JW, Donatti A, Griessenauer CJ, Heitsch L, Holmegaard L, Jood K, Jimenez-Conde J, Kittner SJ, Lemmens R, Levi CR, McDonough CW, Meschia JF, Phuah CL, Rolfs A, Ropele S, Rosand J, Roquer J, Rundek T, Sacco RL, Schmidt R, Sharma P, Slowik A, Söderholm M, Sousa A, Stanne TM, Strbian D, Tatlisumak T, Thijs V, Vagal A, Wasselius J, Woo D, Zand R, McArdle PF, Worrall BB, Jern C, Lindgren AG, Maguire J, Fox MD, Bzdok D, Wu O, Rost NS. Sex-specific lesion pattern of functional outcomes after stroke. Brain Commun. 2022; 4(2):fcac020. PMID: 35282166; PMCID: PMC8914504.
  14. Mir-Moghtadaei A, Siddiqi SH, Mir-Moghtadaei K, Blumberger DM, Vila-Rodriguez F, Daskalakis ZJ, Fox MD, Downar J. Updated scalp heuristics for localizing the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex based on convergent evidence of lesion and brain stimulation studies in depression. Brain Stimul. 2022 Mar-Apr; 15(2):291-295. PMID: 35085817.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  15. Snider SB, Fischer D, McKeown ME, Cohen AL, Schaper FLWVJ, Amorim E, Fox MD, Scirica B, Bevers MB, Lee JW. Regional Distribution of Brain Injury After Cardiac Arrest: Clinical and Electrographic Correlates. Neurology. 2022 03 22; 98(12):e1238-e1247. PMID: 35017304; PMCID: PMC8967331.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  16. Kletenik I, Ferguson MA, Bateman JR, Cohen AL, Lin C, Tetreault A, Pelak VS, Anderson CA, Prasad S, Darby RR, Fox MD. Network Localization of Unconscious Visual Perception in Blindsight. Ann Neurol. 2022 02; 91(2):217-224. PMID: 34961965.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  17. Siddiqi SH, Haddad N, Fox MD. Circuit-Targeted Neuromodulation for Anhedonia. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2022; 58:515-535. PMID: 35604569.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    
  18. Hollunder B, Rajamani N, Siddiqi SH, Finke C, Kühn AA, Mayberg HS, Fox MD, Neudorfer C, Horn A. Toward personalized medicine in connectomic deep brain stimulation. Prog Neurobiol. 2022 03; 210:102211. PMID: 34958874.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  19. Rhee JY, Colman MA, Mendu M, Shah SJ, Fox MD, Rost NS, Kimchi EY. Associations Between Stroke Localization and Delirium: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2022 Mar; 31(3):106270. PMID: 34954599; PMCID: PMC8837688.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  20. Burke MJ, Romanella SM, Mencarelli L, Greben R, Fox MD, Kaptchuk TJ, Pascual-Leone A, Santarnecchi E. Placebo effects and neuromodulation for depression: a meta-analysis and evaluation of shared mechanisms. Mol Psychiatry. 2022 03; 27(3):1658-1666. PMID: 34903861.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  21. Taylor JJ, Siddiqi SH, Fox MD. Coordinate Network Mapping: An Emerging Approach for Morphometric Meta-Analysis. Am J Psychiatry. 2021 12; 178(12):1080-1081. PMID: 34855450.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  22. Cohen AL, Fox MD. Reply: Looking beyond indirect lesion network mapping of prosopagnosia: direct measures required. Brain. 2021 10 22; 144(9):e76. PMID: 34273160; PMCID: PMC9034207.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  23. Wu C, Ferreira F, Fox M, Harel N, Hattangadi-Gluth J, Horn A, Jbabdi S, Kahan J, Oswal A, Sheth SA, Tie Y, Vakharia V, Zrinzo L, Akram H. Clinical applications of magnetic resonance imaging based functional and structural connectivity. Neuroimage. 2021 12 01; 244:118649. PMID: 34648960.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  24. Siddiqi SH, Schaper FLWVJ, Horn A, Hsu J, Padmanabhan JL, Brodtmann A, Cash RFH, Corbetta M, Choi KS, Dougherty DD, Egorova N, Fitzgerald PB, George MS, Gozzi SA, Irmen F, Kuhn AA, Johnson KA, Naidech AM, Pascual-Leone A, Phan TG, Rouhl RPW, Taylor SF, Voss JL, Zalesky A, Grafman JH, Mayberg HS, Fox MD. Brain stimulation and brain lesions converge on common causal circuits in neuropsychiatric disease. Nat Hum Behav. 2021 12; 5(12):1707-1716. PMID: 34239076; PMCID: PMC8688172.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  25. Ferguson MA, Schaper FLWVJ, Cohen A, Siddiqi S, Merrill SM, Nielsen JA, Grafman J, Urgesi C, Fabbro F, Fox MD. A Neural Circuit for Spirituality and Religiosity Derived From Patients With Brain Lesions. Biol Psychiatry. 2022 02 15; 91(4):380-388. PMID: 34454698; PMCID: PMC8714871.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  26. Cohen AL, Ferguson MA, Ferguson MA, Fox MD. Lesion network mapping predicts post-stroke behavioural deficits and improves localization. Brain. 2021 05 07; 144(4):e35. PMID: 33899085; PMCID: PMC8105033.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  27. Siddiqi SH, Weigand A, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD. Identification of Personalized Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Targets Based on Subgenual Cingulate Connectivity: An Independent Replication. Biol Psychiatry. 2021 11 15; 90(10):e55-e56. PMID: 33820629.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    
  28. Cohen AL, Mulder BPF, Prohl AK, Soussand L, Davis P, Kroeck MR, McManus P, Gholipour A, Scherrer B, Bebin EM, Wu JY, Northrup H, Krueger DA, Sahin M, Warfield SK, Fox MD, Peters JM. Tuber Locations Associated with Infantile Spasms Map to a Common Brain Network. Ann Neurol. 2021 04; 89(4):726-739. PMID: 33410532; PMCID: PMC7969435.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  29. Li M, Dahmani L, Wang D, Ren J, Stocklein S, Lin Y, Luan G, Zhang Z, Lu G, Galiè F, Han Y, Pascual-Leone A, Wang M, Fox MD, Liu H. Co-activation patterns across multiple tasks reveal robust anti-correlated functional networks. Neuroimage. 2021 02 15; 227:117680. PMID: 33359345.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  30. Corp DT, He J, Cooke D, Perellón-Alfonso R, Joutsa J, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD, Hyde C. 'Expedited Interhemispheric Inhibition': A Simple Method to Collect Additional IHI Data in the Same Amount of Time. Brain Topogr. 2021 01; 34(1):1-5. PMID: 33141335.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  31. Rossi S, Antal A, Bestmann S, Bikson M, Brewer C, Brockmöller J, Carpenter LL, Cincotta M, Chen R, Daskalakis JD, Di Lazzaro V, Fox MD, George MS, Gilbert D, Kimiskidis VK, Koch G, Ilmoniemi RJ, Lefaucheur JP, Leocani L, Lisanby SH, Miniussi C, Padberg F, Pascual-Leone A, Paulus W, Peterchev AV, Quartarone A, Rotenberg A, Rothwell J, Rossini PM, Santarnecchi E, Shafi MM, Siebner HR, Ugawa Y, Wassermann EM, Zangen A, Ziemann U, Hallett M. Safety and recommendations for TMS use in healthy subjects and patient populations, with updates on training, ethical and regulatory issues: Expert Guidelines. Clin Neurophysiol. 2021 01; 132(1):269-306. PMID: 33243615; PMCID: PMC9094636.
    Citations: 77     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  32. Cotovio G, Talmasov D, Barahona-Corrêa JB, Hsu J, Senova S, Ribeiro R, Soussand L, Velosa A, Silva VCE, Rost N, Wu O, Cohen AL, Oliveira-Maia AJ, Fox MD. Mapping mania symptoms based on focal brain damage. J Clin Invest. 2020 10 01; 130(10):5209-5222. PMID: 32831292; PMCID: PMC7524493.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Horn A, Fox MD. Opportunities of connectomic neuromodulation. Neuroimage. 2020 11 01; 221:117180. PMID: 32702488.
    Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  34. Cash RFH, Weigand A, Zalesky A, Siddiqi SH, Downar J, Fitzgerald PB, Fox MD. Using Brain Imaging to Improve Spatial Targeting of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2021 11 15; 90(10):689-700. PMID: 32800379.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  35. Cohen AL, Fox MD. Reply: The influence of sample size and arbitrary statistical thresholds in lesion-network mapping. Brain. 2020 05 01; 143(5):e41. PMID: 32365379; PMCID: PMC7241951.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  36. Ozdemir RA, Tadayon E, Boucher P, Momi D, Karakhanyan KA, Fox MD, Halko MA, Pascual-Leone A, Shafi MM, Santarnecchi E. Individualized perturbation of the human connectome reveals reproducible biomarkers of network dynamics relevant to cognition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 04 07; 117(14):8115-8125. PMID: 32193345; PMCID: PMC7149310.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  37. Siddiqi SH, Taylor SF, Cooke D, Pascual-Leone A, George MS, Fox MD. Distinct Symptom-Specific Treatment Targets for Circuit-Based Neuromodulation. Am J Psychiatry. 2020 05 01; 177(5):435-446. PMID: 32160765; PMCID: PMC8396109.
    Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  38. Burke MJ, Joutsa J, Cohen AL, Soussand L, Cooke D, Burstein R, Fox MD. Mapping migraine to a common brain network. Brain. 2020 02 01; 143(2):541-553. PMID: 31919494; PMCID: PMC7009560.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  39. Snider SB, Hsu J, Darby RR, Cooke D, Fischer D, Cohen AL, Grafman JH, Fox MD. Cortical lesions causing loss of consciousness are anticorrelated with the dorsal brainstem. Hum Brain Mapp. 2020 04 15; 41(6):1520-1531. PMID: 31904898; PMCID: PMC7268053.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  40. Weiss D, Schoellmann A, Fox MD, Bohnen NI, Factor SA, Nieuwboer A, Hallett M, Lewis SJG. Freezing of gait: understanding the complexity of an enigmatic phenomenon. Brain. 2020 01 01; 143(1):14-30. PMID: 31647540; PMCID: PMC6938035.
    Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Cohen AL, Soussand L, Corrow SL, Martinaud O, Barton JJS, Fox MD. Looking beyond the face area: lesion network mapping of prosopagnosia. Brain. 2019 12 01; 142(12):3975-3990. PMID: 31740940; PMCID: PMC6906597.
    Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  42. Joutsa J, Shih LC, Fox MD. Mapping holmes tremor circuit using the human brain connectome. Ann Neurol. 2019 12; 86(6):812-820. PMID: 31614012; PMCID: PMC6899700.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  43. Kim NY, Hsu J, Talmasov D, Joutsa J, Soussand L, Wu O, Rost NS, Morenas-Rodríguez E, Martí-Fàbregas J, Pascual-Leone A, Corlett PR, Fox MD. Lesions causing hallucinations localize to one common brain network. Mol Psychiatry. 2021 04; 26(4):1299-1309. PMID: 31659272.
    Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  44. Ramirez-Zamora A, Giordano J, Boyden ES, Gradinaru V, Gunduz A, Starr PA, Sheth SA, McIntyre CC, Fox MD, Vitek J, Vedam-Mai V, Akbar U, Almeida L, Bronte-Stewart HM, Mayberg HS, Pouratian N, Gittis AH, Singer AC, Creed MC, Lazaro-Munoz G, Richardson M, Rossi MA, Cendejas-Zaragoza L, D'Haese PF, Chiong W, Gilron R, Chizeck H, Ko A, Baker KB, Wagenaar J, Harel N, Deeb W, Foote KD, Okun MS. Proceedings of the Sixth Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank Modulation of Brain Networks and Application of Advanced Neuroimaging, Neurophysiology, and Optogenetics. Front Neurosci. 2019; 13:936. PMID: 31572109; PMCID: PMC6751331.
    Citations: 10     
  45. Padmanabhan JL, Cooke D, Joutsa J, Siddiqi SH, Ferguson M, Darby RR, Soussand L, Horn A, Kim NY, Voss JL, Naidech AM, Brodtmann A, Egorova N, Gozzi S, Phan TG, Corbetta M, Grafman J, Fox MD. A Human Depression Circuit Derived From Focal Brain Lesions. Biol Psychiatry. 2019 11 15; 86(10):749-758. PMID: 31561861.
    Citations: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. Ferguson MA, Lim C, Cooke D, Darby RR, Wu O, Rost NS, Corbetta M, Grafman J, Fox MD. A human memory circuit derived from brain lesions causing amnesia. Nat Commun. 2019 08 02; 10(1):3497. PMID: 31375668.
    Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  47. Corp DT, Joutsa J, Darby RR, Delnooz CCS, van de Warrenburg BPC, Cooke D, Prudente CN, Ren J, Reich MM, Batla A, Bhatia KP, Jinnah HA, Liu H, Fox MD. Network localization of cervical dystonia based on causal brain lesions. Brain. 2019 06 01; 142(6):1660-1674. PMID: 31099831; PMCID: PMC6536848.
    Citations: 43     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  48. Vosberg DE, Beaulé V, Torres-Berrío A, Cooke D, Chalupa A, Jaworska N, Cox SML, Larcher K, Zhang Y, Allard D, Durand F, Dagher A, Benkelfat C, Srour M, Tampieri D, La Piana R, Joober R, Lepore F, Rouleau G, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD, Flores C, Leyton M, Théoret H. Neural function in DCC mutation carriers with and without mirror movements. Ann Neurol. 2019 03; 85(3):433-442. PMID: 30666715; PMCID: PMC6444183.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  49. Darby RR, Joutsa J, Fox MD. Network localization of heterogeneous neuroimaging findings. Brain. 2019 01 01; 142(1):70-79. PMID: 30551186; PMCID: PMC6308311.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  50. Darby RR, Joutsa J, Burke MJ, Fox MD. Lesion network localization of free will. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 10 16; 115(42):10792-10797. PMID: 30275309; PMCID: PMC6196503.
    Citations: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  51. Boes AD, Fischer D, Geerling JC, Bruss J, Saper CB, Fox MD. Connectivity of sleep- and wake-promoting regions of the human hypothalamus observed during resting wakefulness. Sleep. 2018 09 01; 41(9). PMID: 29850898.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  52. Joutsa J, Horn A, Hsu J, Fox MD. Localizing parkinsonism based on focal brain lesions. Brain. 2018 08 01; 141(8):2445-2456. PMID: 29982424; PMCID: PMC6061866.
    Citations: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  53. Boyne P, Maloney T, DiFrancesco M, Fox MD, Awosika O, Aggarwal P, Woeste J, Jaroch L, Braswell D, Vannest J. Resting-state functional connectivity of subcortical locomotor centers explains variance in walking capacity. Hum Brain Mapp. 2018 12; 39(12):4831-4843. PMID: 30052301.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  54. Joutsa J, Shih LC, Horn A, Reich MM, Wu O, Rost NS, Fox MD. Identifying therapeutic targets from spontaneous beneficial brain lesions. Ann Neurol. 2018 07; 84(1):153-157. PMID: 30014594.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  55. Boes AD, Uitermarkt BD, Albazron FM, Lan MJ, Liston C, Pascual-Leone A, Dubin MJ, Fox MD. Rostral anterior cingulate cortex is a structural correlate of repetitive TMS treatment response in depression. Brain Stimul. 2018 May - Jun; 11(3):575-581. PMID: 29454551.
    Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  56. Darby RR, Horn A, Cushman F, Fox MD. Lesion network localization of criminal behavior. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 01 16; 115(3):601-606. PMID: 29255017; PMCID: PMC5776958.
    Citations: 45     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  57. Weigand A, Horn A, Caballero R, Cooke D, Stern AP, Taylor SF, Press D, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD. Prospective Validation That Subgenual Connectivity Predicts Antidepressant Efficacy of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Sites. Biol Psychiatry. 2018 07 01; 84(1):28-37. PMID: 29274805; PMCID: PMC6091227.
    Citations: 92     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  58. Drysdale AT, Grosenick L, Downar J, Dunlop K, Mansouri F, Meng Y, Fetcho RN, Zebley B, Oathes DJ, Etkin A, Schatzberg AF, Sudheimer K, Keller J, Mayberg HS, Gunning FM, Alexopoulos GS, Fox MD, Pascual-Leone A, Voss HU, Casey BJ, Dubin MJ, Liston C. Erratum: Resting-state connectivity biomarkers define neurophysiological subtypes of depression. Nat Med. 2017 Feb 07; 23(2):264. PMID: 28170383; PMCID: PMC5639473.
    Citations: 23     Fields:    
  59. Horn A, Kühn AA, Merkl A, Shih L, Alterman R, Fox M. Probabilistic conversion of neurosurgical DBS electrode coordinates into MNI space. Neuroimage. 2017 04 15; 150:395-404. PMID: 28163141.
    Citations: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  60. Darby RR, Laganiere S, Pascual-Leone A, Prasad S, Fox MD. Finding the imposter: brain connectivity of lesions causing delusional misidentifications. Brain. 2017 02; 140(2):497-507. PMID: 28082298; PMCID: PMC5278302.
    Citations: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  61. Golestanirad L, Iacono MI, Keil B, Angelone LM, Bonmassar G, Fox MD, Herrington T, Adalsteinsson E, LaPierre C, Mareyam A, Wald LL. Construction and modeling of a reconfigurable MRI coil for lowering SAR in patients with deep brain stimulation implants. Neuroimage. 2017 02 15; 147:577-588. PMID: 28011252.
    Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  62. Drysdale AT, Grosenick L, Downar J, Dunlop K, Mansouri F, Meng Y, Fetcho RN, Zebley B, Oathes DJ, Etkin A, Schatzberg AF, Sudheimer K, Keller J, Mayberg HS, Gunning FM, Alexopoulos GS, Fox MD, Pascual-Leone A, Voss HU, Casey BJ, Dubin MJ, Liston C. Resting-state connectivity biomarkers define neurophysiological subtypes of depression. Nat Med. 2017 01; 23(1):28-38. PMID: 27918562; PMCID: PMC5624035.
    Citations: 526     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  63. Murphy K, Fox MD. Towards a consensus regarding global signal regression for resting state functional connectivity MRI. Neuroimage. 2017 07 01; 154:169-173. PMID: 27888059; PMCID: PMC5489207.
    Citations: 303     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  64. Fischer DB, Boes AD, Demertzi A, Evrard HC, Laureys S, Edlow BL, Liu H, Saper CB, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD, Geerling JC. A human brain network derived from coma-causing brainstem lesions. Neurology. 2016 Dec 06; 87(23):2427-2434. PMID: 27815400.
    Citations: 71     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  65. Caulfield KA, Bernstein MH, Stern AP, Pascual-Leone A, Press DZ, Fox MD. Antidepressant Effect of Low-Frequency Right-Sided rTMS in Two Patients with Left Frontal Stroke. Brain Stimul. 2017 Jan - Feb; 10(1):150-151. PMID: 28104083.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    
  66. Brys M, Fox MD, Agarwal S, Biagioni M, Dacpano G, Kumar P, Pirraglia E, Chen R, Wu A, Fernandez H, Wagle Shukla A, Lou JS, Gray Z, Simon DK, Di Rocco A, Pascual-Leone A. Multifocal repetitive TMS for motor and mood symptoms of Parkinson disease: A randomized trial. Neurology. 2016 11 01; 87(18):1907-1915. PMID: 27708129.
    Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  67. Wurzman R, Hamilton RH, Pascual-Leone A, Fox MD. An open letter concerning do-it-yourself users of transcranial direct current stimulation. Ann Neurol. 2016 07; 80(1):1-4. PMID: 27216434; PMCID: PMC6050584.
    Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  68. Laganiere S, Boes AD, Fox MD. Network localization of hemichorea-hemiballismus. Neurology. 2016 06 07; 86(23):2187-95. PMID: 27170566; PMCID: PMC4898318.
    Citations: 46     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  69. Klein MM, Treister R, Raij T, Pascual-Leone A, Park L, Nurmikko T, Lenz F, Lefaucheur JP, Lang M, Hallett M, Fox M, Costello A, Carr DB, Ayache SS, Oaklander AL. Reply. Pain. 2016 May; 157(5):1175-1176. PMID: 27081841.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  70. Opitz A, Fox MD, Craddock RC, Colcombe S, Milham MP. An integrated framework for targeting functional networks via transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroimage. 2016 Feb 15; 127:86-96. PMID: 26608241.
    Citations: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  71. Wang D, Buckner RL, Fox MD, Holt DJ, Holmes AJ, Stoecklein S, Langs G, Pan R, Qian T, Li K, Baker JT, Stufflebeam SM, Wang K, Wang X, Hong B, Liu H. Parcellating cortical functional networks in individuals. Nat Neurosci. 2015 Dec; 18(12):1853-60. PMID: 26551545.
    Citations: 169     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  72. Fox MD, Qian T, Madsen JR, Wang D, Li M, Ge M, Zuo HC, Groppe DM, Mehta AD, Hong B, Liu H. Combining task-evoked and spontaneous activity to improve pre-operative brain mapping with fMRI. Neuroimage. 2016 Jan 01; 124(Pt A):714-723. PMID: 26408860.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  73. Klein MM, Treister R, Raij T, Pascual-Leone A, Park L, Nurmikko T, Lenz F, Lefaucheur JP, Lang M, Hallett M, Fox M, Cudkowicz M, Costello A, Carr DB, Ayache SS, Oaklander AL. Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the brain: guidelines for pain treatment research. Pain. 2015 Sep; 156(9):1601-1614. PMID: 25919472; PMCID: PMC4545735.
    Citations: 45     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  74. Mueller S, Wang D, Fox MD, Pan R, Lu J, Li K, Sun W, Buckner RL, Liu H. Reliability correction for functional connectivity: Theory and implementation. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015 Nov; 36(11):4664-80. PMID: 26493163.
    Citations: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  75. Boes AD, Prasad S, Liu H, Liu Q, Pascual-Leone A, Caviness VS, Fox MD. Network localization of neurological symptoms from focal brain lesions. Brain. 2015 Oct; 138(Pt 10):3061-75. PMID: 26264514; PMCID: PMC4671478.
    Citations: 125     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  76. Mir-Moghtadaei A, Caballero R, Fried P, Fox MD, Lee K, Giacobbe P, Daskalakis ZJ, Blumberger DM, Downar J. Concordance Between BeamF3 and MRI-neuronavigated Target Sites for Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex. Brain Stimul. 2015 Sep-Oct; 8(5):965-73. PMID: 26115776.
    Citations: 51     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  77. Fox MD, Buckner RL, Liu H, Chakravarty MM, Lozano AM, Pascual-Leone A. Resting-state networks link invasive and noninvasive brain stimulation across diverse psychiatric and neurological diseases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Oct 14; 111(41):E4367-75. PMID: 25267639.
    Citations: 188     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  78. Zeng LL, Wang D, Fox MD, Sabuncu M, Hu D, Ge M, Buckner RL, Liu H. Neurobiological basis of head motion in brain imaging. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Apr 22; 111(16):6058-62. PMID: 24711399.
    Citations: 134     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  79. Ruffini G, Fox MD, Ripolles O, Miranda PC, Pascual-Leone A. Optimization of multifocal transcranial current stimulation for weighted cortical pattern targeting from realistic modeling of electric fields. Neuroimage. 2014 Apr 01; 89:216-25. PMID: 24345389.
    Citations: 106     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  80. Mueller S, Wang D, Fox MD, Yeo BT, Sepulcre J, Sabuncu MR, Shafee R, Lu J, Liu H. Individual variability in functional connectivity architecture of the human brain. Neuron. 2013 Feb 06; 77(3):586-95. PMID: 23395382.
    Citations: 365     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  81. Fox MD, Liu H, Pascual-Leone A. Identification of reproducible individualized targets for treatment of depression with TMS based on intrinsic connectivity. Neuroimage. 2013 Feb 01; 66:151-60. PMID: 23142067.
    Citations: 119     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  82. Fox MD, Cohen AB. "Bright tongue sign" in ALS. Neurology. 2012 Oct 02; 79(14):1520. PMID: 23033505.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  83. Fox MD, Buckner RL, White MP, Greicius MD, Pascual-Leone A. Efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation targets for depression is related to intrinsic functional connectivity with the subgenual cingulate. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Oct 01; 72(7):595-603. PMID: 22658708.
    Citations: 299     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  84. Fox MD, Halko MA, Eldaief MC, Pascual-Leone A. Measuring and manipulating brain connectivity with resting state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Neuroimage. 2012 Oct 01; 62(4):2232-43. PMID: 22465297.
    Citations: 129     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  85. Shafi MM, Westover MB, Fox MD, Pascual-Leone A. Exploration and modulation of brain network interactions with noninvasive brain stimulation in combination with neuroimaging. Eur J Neurosci. 2012 Mar; 35(6):805-25. PMID: 22429242.
    Citations: 60     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  86. Fox MD, Greicius M. Clinical applications of resting state functional connectivity. Front Syst Neurosci. 2010; 4:19. PMID: 20592951.
    Citations: 498     
  87. Zhang D, Johnston JM, Fox MD, Leuthardt EC, Grubb RL, Chicoine MR, Smyth MD, Snyder AZ, Raichle ME, Shimony JS. Preoperative sensorimotor mapping in brain tumor patients using spontaneous fluctuations in neuronal activity imaged with functional magnetic resonance imaging: initial experience. Neurosurgery. 2009 Dec; 65(6 Suppl):226-36. PMID: 19934999.
    Citations: 96     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  88. Zhang D, Snyder AZ, Shimony JS, Fox MD, Raichle ME. Noninvasive functional and structural connectivity mapping of the human thalamocortical system. Cereb Cortex. 2010 May; 20(5):1187-94. PMID: 19729393.
    Citations: 176     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  89. Shimony JS, Zhang D, Johnston JM, Fox MD, Roy A, Leuthardt EC. Resting-state spontaneous fluctuations in brain activity: a new paradigm for presurgical planning using fMRI. Acad Radiol. 2009 May; 16(5):578-83. PMID: 19345899.
    Citations: 69     Fields:    
  90. Fox MD, Zhang D, Snyder AZ, Raichle ME. The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Jun; 101(6):3270-83. PMID: 19339462.
    Citations: 926     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  91. Zhang D, Snyder AZ, Fox MD, Sansbury MW, Shimony JS, Raichle ME. Intrinsic functional relations between human cerebral cortex and thalamus. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Oct; 100(4):1740-8. PMID: 18701759.
    Citations: 208     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  92. Fox MD, Snyder AZ, Vincent JL, Raichle ME. Intrinsic fluctuations within cortical systems account for intertrial variability in human behavior. Neuron. 2007 Oct 04; 56(1):171-84. PMID: 17920023.
    Citations: 378     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  93. Fox MD, Raichle ME. Spontaneous fluctuations in brain activity observed with functional magnetic resonance imaging. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2007 Sep; 8(9):700-11. PMID: 17704812.
    Citations: 2769     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  94. Dosenbach NU, Fair DA, Miezin FM, Cohen AL, Wenger KK, Dosenbach RA, Fox MD, Snyder AZ, Vincent JL, Raichle ME, Schlaggar BL, Petersen SE. Distinct brain networks for adaptive and stable task control in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jun 26; 104(26):11073-8. PMID: 17576922; PMCID: PMC1904171.
    Citations: 1155     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  95. Vincent JL, Patel GH, Fox MD, Snyder AZ, Baker JT, Van Essen DC, Zempel JM, Snyder LH, Corbetta M, Raichle ME. Intrinsic functional architecture in the anaesthetized monkey brain. Nature. 2007 May 03; 447(7140):83-6. PMID: 17476267.
    Citations: 855     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  96. Fair DA, Schlaggar BL, Cohen AL, Miezin FM, Dosenbach NU, Wenger KK, Fox MD, Snyder AZ, Raichle ME, Petersen SE. A method for using blocked and event-related fMRI data to study "resting state" functional connectivity. Neuroimage. 2007 Mar; 35(1):396-405. PMID: 17239622.
    Citations: 300     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  97. Vincent JL, Snyder AZ, Fox MD, Shannon BJ, Andrews JR, Raichle ME, Buckner RL. Coherent spontaneous activity identifies a hippocampal-parietal memory network. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Dec; 96(6):3517-31. PMID: 16899645.
    Citations: 469     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  98. Fox MD, Corbetta M, Snyder AZ, Vincent JL, Raichle ME. Spontaneous neuronal activity distinguishes human dorsal and ventral attention systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jun 27; 103(26):10046-51. PMID: 16788060; PMCID: PMC1480402.
    Citations: 837     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  99. Fox MD, Snyder AZ, Zacks JM, Raichle ME. Coherent spontaneous activity accounts for trial-to-trial variability in human evoked brain responses. Nat Neurosci. 2006 Jan; 9(1):23-5. PMID: 16341210.
    Citations: 330     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  100. Fox MD, Snyder AZ, Barch DM, Gusnard DA, Raichle ME. Transient BOLD responses at block transitions. Neuroimage. 2005 Dec; 28(4):956-66. PMID: 16043368.
    Citations: 63     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  101. Fox MD, Snyder AZ, Vincent JL, Corbetta M, Van Essen DC, Raichle ME. The human brain is intrinsically organized into dynamic, anticorrelated functional networks. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Jul 05; 102(27):9673-8. PMID: 15976020; PMCID: PMC1157105.
    Citations: 3538     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  102. Fox MD, Snyder AZ, McAvoy MP, Barch DM, Raichle ME. The BOLD onset transient: identification of novel functional differences in schizophrenia. Neuroimage. 2005 Apr 15; 25(3):771-82. PMID: 15808978.
    Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  103. Deanglis AP, Fox MD, Retzinger GS. Accumulation of fibrinogen-coated microparticles at a fibrin(ogen)-rich inflammatory site. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 1999 06; 29(3):251-61. PMID: 10334956.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.