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Edward Arthur Kravitz, Ph.D.


The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. R35GM118137 (KRAVITZ, EDWARD A) May 1, 2016 - Aug 31, 2023
    Aggression in Drosophila: circuitry involved; learning and memory accompanying aggression; and establishing the circuitry of high-level aggression in the brain
    Role: Principal Investigator
  2. R01GM099883 (KRAVITZ, EDWARD A) Aug 1, 2012 - Jul 31, 2016
    How do Amine Neurons Work?
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. R01GM074675 (KRAVITZ, EDWARD A) May 1, 2006 - Aug 31, 2016
    Hormonal Modulation of Aggression in Drosophila
    Role: Principal Investigator
  4. R01GM067645 (KRAVITZ, EDWARD A) Aug 1, 2003 - Jan 31, 2013
    Mutant Studies of Aggression in Drosophila
    Role: Principal Investigator
  5. R21GM065595 (KRAVITZ, EDWARD A) Sep 1, 2001 - Aug 31, 2003
    Mutant studies of territorial aggression in Drosophila
    Role: Principal Investigator

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Sengupta S, Chan YB, Palavicino-Maggio CB, Kravitz EA. GABA transmission from mAL interneurons regulates aggression in Drosophila males. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2022 02 01; 119(5). PMID: 35082150.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  2. Monyak RE, Golbari NM, Chan YB, Pranevicius A, Tang G, Fernández MP, Kravitz EA. Masculinized Drosophila females adapt their fighting strategies to their opponent. J Exp Biol. 2021 03 25; 224(Pt 6). PMID: 33568440.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  3. Palavicino-Maggio CB, Chan YB, McKellar C, Kravitz EA. A small number of cholinergic neurons mediate hyperaggression in female Drosophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 08 20; 116(34):17029-17038. PMID: 31391301.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  4. Alekseyenko OV, Chan YB, Okaty BW, Chang Y, Dymecki SM, Kravitz EA. Serotonergic Modulation of Aggression in Drosophila Involves GABAergic and Cholinergic Opposing Pathways. Curr Biol. 2019 07 08; 29(13):2145-2156.e5. PMID: 31231050.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  5. Chowdhury B, Chan YB, Kravitz EA. Putative transmembrane transporter modulates higher-level aggression in Drosophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 02 28; 114(9):2373-2378. PMID: 28193893.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  6. Trannoy S, Kravitz EA. Strategy changes in subsequent fights as consequences of winning and losing in fruit fly fights. Fly (Austin). 2017 04 03; 11(2):129-138. PMID: 27834611.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  7. Trannoy S, Penn J, Lucey K, Popovic D, Kravitz EA. Short and long-lasting behavioral consequences of agonistic encounters between male Drosophila melanogaster. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Apr 26; 113(17):4818-23. PMID: 27071097.
    Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  8. Trannoy S, Chowdhury B, Kravitz EA. A New Approach that Eliminates Handling for Studying Aggression and the "Loser" Effect in Drosophila melanogaster. J Vis Exp. 2015 12 30; (106):e53395. PMID: 26780386.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  9. Chan YB, Alekseyenko OV, Kravitz EA. Optogenetic Control of Gene Expression in Drosophila. PLoS One. 2015; 10(9):e0138181. PMID: 26383635.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  10. Kravitz EA, Fernandez MP. Aggression in Drosophila. Behav Neurosci. 2015 10; 129(5):549-63. PMID: 26348714.
    Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  11. Alekseyenko OV, Kravitz EA. Serotonin and the search for the anatomical substrate of aggression. Fly (Austin). 2014; 8(4):200-5. PMID: 25923771.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  12. Trannoy S, Chowdhury B, Kravitz EA. Handling alters aggression and "loser" effect formation in Drosophila melanogaster. Learn Mem. 2015 Feb; 22(2):64-8. PMID: 25593291.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  13. Trannoy S, Kravitz EA. Learning and memory during aggression in Drosophila: handling affects aggression and the formation of a "loser" effect. J Nat Sci. 2015; 1(3):e56. PMID: 25789340.
    Citations: 4     
  14. Alekseyenko OV, Chan YB, Fernandez MP, Bülow T, Pankratz MJ, Kravitz EA. Single serotonergic neurons that modulate aggression in Drosophila. Curr Biol. 2014 Nov 17; 24(22):2700-7. PMID: 25447998.
    Citations: 36     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  15. Andrews JC, Fernández MP, Yu Q, Leary GP, Leung AK, Kavanaugh MP, Kravitz EA, Certel SJ. Octopamine neuromodulation regulates Gr32a-linked aggression and courtship pathways in Drosophila males. PLoS Genet. 2014 May; 10(5):e1004356. PMID: 24852170.
    Citations: 37     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  16. Fernández MP, Kravitz EA. Aggression and courtship in Drosophila: pheromonal communication and sex recognition. J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2013 Nov; 199(11):1065-76. PMID: 24043358.
    Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  17. Alekseyenko OV, Chan YB, Li R, Kravitz EA. Single dopaminergic neurons that modulate aggression in Drosophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Apr 09; 110(15):6151-6. PMID: 23530210.
    Citations: 69     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  18. Rezával C, Pavlou HJ, Dornan AJ, Chan YB, Kravitz EA, Goodwin SF. Neural circuitry underlying Drosophila female postmating behavioral responses. Curr Biol. 2012 Jul 10; 22(13):1155-65. PMID: 22658598.
    Citations: 75     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  19. Certel SJ, Kravitz EA. Scoring and analyzing aggression in Drosophila. Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2012 Mar 01; 2012(3):319-25. PMID: 22383642.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  20. Jonsson T, Kravitz EA, Heinrich R. Sound production during agonistic behavior of male Drosophila melanogaster. Fly (Austin). 2011 Jan-Mar; 5(1):29-38. PMID: 20953152.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  21. Fernández MP, Chan YB, Yew JY, Billeter JC, Dreisewerd K, Levine JD, Kravitz EA. Pheromonal and behavioral cues trigger male-to-female aggression in Drosophila. PLoS Biol. 2010 Nov 23; 8(11):e1000541. PMID: 21124886.
    Citations: 48     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  22. Certel SJ, Leung A, Lin CY, Perez P, Chiang AS, Kravitz EA. Octopamine neuromodulatory effects on a social behavior decision-making network in Drosophila males. PLoS One. 2010 Oct 12; 5(10):e13248. PMID: 20967276.
    Citations: 38     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  23. Penn JK, Zito MF, Kravitz EA. A single social defeat reduces aggression in a highly aggressive strain of Drosophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jul 13; 107(28):12682-6. PMID: 20616023.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  24. Alekseyenko OV, Lee C, Kravitz EA. Targeted manipulation of serotonergic neurotransmission affects the escalation of aggression in adult male Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS One. 2010 May 24; 5(5):e10806. PMID: 20520823.
    Citations: 100     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  25. Yew JY, Dreisewerd K, Luftmann H, Müthing J, Pohlentz G, Kravitz EA. A new male sex pheromone and novel cuticular cues for chemical communication in Drosophila. Curr Biol. 2009 Aug 11; 19(15):1245-54. PMID: 19615904.
    Citations: 67     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  26. Mundiyanapurath S, Chan YB, Leung AK, Kravitz EA. Feminizing cholinergic neurons in a male Drosophila nervous system enhances aggression. Fly (Austin). 2009 Jul-Sep; 3(3):179-84. PMID: 19556850.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  27. Siwicki KK, Kravitz EA. Fruitless, doublesex and the genetics of social behavior in Drosophila melanogaster. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2009 Apr; 19(2):200-6. PMID: 19541474.
    Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  28. Kravitz EA. An interview with Edward A. Kravitz. Curr Biol. 2009 May 26; 19(10):R392-4. PMID: 19480057.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  29. Yew JY, Wang Y, Barteneva N, Dikler S, Kutz-Naber KK, Li L, Kravitz EA. Analysis of neuropeptide expression and localization in adult drosophila melanogaster central nervous system by affinity cell-capture mass spectrometry. J Proteome Res. 2009 Mar; 8(3):1271-84. PMID: 19199706.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  30. Yew JY, Cody RB, Kravitz EA. Cuticular hydrocarbon analysis of an awake behaving fly using direct analysis in real-time time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 May 20; 105(20):7135-40. PMID: 18474870.
    Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  31. Chan YB, Kravitz EA. Specific subgroups of FruM neurons control sexually dimorphic patterns of aggression in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Dec 04; 104(49):19577-82. PMID: 18042702.
    Citations: 38     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  32. Miczek KA, de Almeida RM, Kravitz EA, Rissman EF, de Boer SF, Raine A. Neurobiology of escalated aggression and violence. J Neurosci. 2007 Oct 31; 27(44):11803-6. PMID: 17978016.
    Citations: 73     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  33. Certel SJ, Savella MG, Schlegel DC, Kravitz EA. Modulation of Drosophila male behavioral choice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 13; 104(11):4706-11. PMID: 17360588.
    Citations: 68     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  34. Mundiyanapurath S, Certel S, Kravitz EA. Studying aggression in Drosophila (fruit flies). J Vis Exp. 2007 Feb 25; (2):155. PMID: 18830427.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  35. Ganter GK, Walton KL, Merriman JO, Salmon MV, Brooks KM, Maddula S, Kravitz EA. Increased male-male courtship in ecdysone receptor deficient adult flies. Behav Genet. 2007 May; 37(3):507-12. PMID: 17238001.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  36. Vrontou E, Nilsen SP, Demir E, Kravitz EA, Dickson BJ. fruitless regulates aggression and dominance in Drosophila. Nat Neurosci. 2006 Dec; 9(12):1469-71. PMID: 17115036.
    Citations: 72     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  37. Yurkovic A, Wang O, Basu AC, Kravitz EA. Learning and memory associated with aggression in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Nov 14; 103(46):17519-24. PMID: 17088536.
    Citations: 58     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  38. Hernáindez-Falcón J, Basu AC, Govindasamy S, Kravitz EA. Changes in heart rate associated with contest outcome in agonistic encounters in lobsters. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2005 Mar; 25(2):329-43. PMID: 16047545.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  39. Rutishauser RL, Basu AC, Cromarty SI, Kravitz EA. Long-term consequences of agonistic interactions between socially naive juvenile American lobsters (Homarus americanus). Biol Bull. 2004 Dec; 207(3):183-7. PMID: 15616347.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  40. Nilsen SP, Chan YB, Huber R, Kravitz EA. Gender-selective patterns of aggressive behavior in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Aug 17; 101(33):12342-7. PMID: 15302936.
    Citations: 92     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  41. Thimineur MA, Kravitz E, Vodapally MS. Intrathecal opioid treatment for chronic non-malignant pain: a 3-year prospective study. Pain. 2004 Jun; 109(3):242-249. PMID: 15157684.
    Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  42. Kravitz EA, Huber R. Aggression in invertebrates. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2003 Dec; 13(6):736-43. PMID: 14662376.
    Citations: 72     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  43. Basu AC, Kravitz EA. Morphology and monoaminergic modulation of Crustacean Hyperglycemic Hormone-like immunoreactive neurons in the lobster nervous system. J Neurocytol. 2003 Mar; 32(3):253-63. PMID: 14724388.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  44. Thimineur M, Kitaj M, Kravitz E, Kalizewski T, Sood P. Functional abnormalities of the cervical cord and lower medulla and their effect on pain: observations in chronic pain patients with incidental mild Chiari I malformation and moderate to severe cervical cord compression. Clin J Pain. 2002 May-Jun; 18(3):171-9. PMID: 12048419.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  45. Chen S, Lee AY, Bowens NM, Huber R, Kravitz EA. Fighting fruit flies: a model system for the study of aggression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Apr 16; 99(8):5664-8. PMID: 11960020.
    Citations: 140     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  46. Doernberg SB, Cromarty SI, Heinrich R, Beltz BS, Kravitz EA. Agonistic behavior in naïve juvenile lobsters depleted of serotonin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine. J Comp Physiol A. 2001 Mar; 187(2):91-103. PMID: 15523998.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  47. Heinrich R, Bräunig P, Walter I, Schneider H, Kravitz EA. Aminergic neuron systems of lobsters: morphology and electrophysiology of octopamine-containing neurosecretory cells. J Comp Physiol A. 2000 Jul-Aug; 186(7-8):617-29. PMID: 11016779.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  48. Kravitz EA. Serotonin and aggression: insights gained from a lobster model system and speculations on the role of amine neurons in a complex behavior. J Comp Physiol A. 2000 Mar; 186(3):221-38. PMID: 10757238.
    Citations: 64     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  49. Schneider H, Baro DJ, Bailey D, Ganter G, Harris-Warrick RM, Kravitz EA. Patterns of shaker family gene expression in single identified neurons of the American lobster, Homarus americanus. Recept Channels. 2000; 7(1):53-64. PMID: 10800776.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  50. Chang ES, Chang SA, Beltz BS, Kravitz EA. Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone in the lobster nervous system: localization and release from cells in the subesophageal ganglion and thoracic second roots. J Comp Neurol. 1999 Nov 08; 414(1):50-6. PMID: 10494077.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  51. Ganter GK, Heinrich R, Bunge RP, Kravitz EA. Long-Term Culture of Lobster Central Ganglia: Expression of Foreign Genes in Identified Neurons. Biol Bull. 1999 Aug; 197(1):40-48. PMID: 28296498.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    
  52. Heinrich R, Cromarty SI, Hörner M, Edwards DH, Kravitz EA. Autoinhibition of serotonin cells: an intrinsic regulatory mechanism sensitive to the pattern of usage of the cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 02; 96(5):2473-8. PMID: 10051667.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  53. Thimineur M, Sood P, Kravitz E, Gudin J, Kitaj M. Central nervous system abnormalities in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS): clinical and quantitative evidence of medullary dysfunction. Clin J Pain. 1998 Sep; 14(3):256-67. PMID: 9758076.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  54. Edwards DH, Kravitz EA. Serotonin, social status and aggression. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1997 Dec; 7(6):812-9. PMID: 9464985.
    Citations: 54     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  55. Teschemacher A, Kasparov S, Kravitz EA, Rahamimoff R. Presynaptic action of the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate on inhibitory transmitter release in cultured hippocampal neurons. Brain Res. 1997 Oct 24; 772(1-2):226-32. PMID: 9406976.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  56. Hörner M, Weiger WA, Edwards DH, Kravitz EA. Excitation of identified serotonergic neurons by escape command neurons in lobsters. J Exp Biol. 1997 Jul; 200(Pt 14):2017-33. PMID: 9246785.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  57. Huber R, Smith K, Delago A, Isaksson K, Kravitz EA. Serotonin and aggressive motivation in crustaceans: altering the decision to retreat. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 May 27; 94(11):5939-42. PMID: 9159179.
    Citations: 50     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  58. Huber R, Orzeszyna M, Pokorny N, Kravitz EA. Biogenic amines and aggression: experimental approaches in crustaceans. Brain Behav Evol. 1997; 50 Suppl 1:60-8. PMID: 9217993.
    Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  59. Schneider H, Budhiraja P, Walter I, Beltz BS, Peckol E, Kravitz EA. Developmental expression of the octopamine phenotype in lobsters, Homarus americanus. J Comp Neurol. 1996 Jul 15; 371(1):3-14. PMID: 8835716.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  60. Huber R, Kravitz EA. A quantitative analysis of agonistic behavior in juvenile American lobsters (Homarus americanus L.). Brain Behav Evol. 1995; 46(2):72-83. PMID: 7552224.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  61. Worden MK, Kravitz EA, Goy MF. Peptide F1, an N-terminally extended analog of FMRFamide, enhances contractile activity in multiple target tissues in lobster. J Exp Biol. 1995 Jan; 198(Pt 1):97-108. PMID: 7891041.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  62. Worden MK, Rahamimoff R, Kravitz EA. A voltage-sensitive cation channel present in clusters in lobster skeletal muscle membrane. J Membr Biol. 1994 Aug; 141(2):167-75. PMID: 7528802.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  63. Worden MK, Rahamimoff R, Kravitz EA. Ion channel activity in lobster skeletal muscle membrane. J Exp Biol. 1993 Sep; 182:113-30. PMID: 8228777.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  64. Schneider H, Trimmer BA, Rapus J, Eckert M, Valentine DE, Kravitz EA. Mapping of octopamine-immunoreactive neurons in the central nervous system of the lobster. J Comp Neurol. 1993 Mar 01; 329(1):129-42. PMID: 8454723.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  65. Ma PM, Beltz BS, Kravitz EA. Serotonin-containing neurons in lobsters: their role as gain-setters in postural control mechanisms. J Neurophysiol. 1992 Jul; 68(1):36-54. PMID: 1517827.
    Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  66. Abdul-Ghani M, Kravitz EA, Meiri H, Rahamimoff R. Protein phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid enhances transmitter release at neuromuscular junctions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Mar 01; 88(5):1803-7. PMID: 1672044.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  67. Beltz BS, Pontes M, Helluy SM, Kravitz EA. Patterns of appearance of serotonin and proctolin immunoreactivities in the developing nervous system of the American lobster. J Neurobiol. 1990 Jun; 21(4):521-42. PMID: 2376728.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  68. Goy MF, Kravitz EA. Cyclic AMP only partially mediates the actions of serotonin at lobster neuromuscular junctions. J Neurosci. 1989 Jan; 9(1):369-79. PMID: 2464048.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  69. Kravitz EA. Hormonal control of behavior: amines and the biasing of behavioral output in lobsters. Science. 1988 Sep 30; 241(4874):1775-81. PMID: 2902685.
    Citations: 67     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  70. Kobierski LA, Beltz BS, Trimmer BA, Kravitz EA. FMRFamidelike peptides of Homarus americanus: distribution, immunocytochemical mapping, and ultrastructural localization in terminal varicosities. J Comp Neurol. 1987 Dec 01; 266(1):1-15. PMID: 3323267.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  71. Trimmer BA, Kobierski LA, Kravitz EA. Purification and characterization of FMRFamidelike immunoreactive substances from the lobster nervous system: isolation and sequence analysis of two closely related peptides. J Comp Neurol. 1987 Dec 01; 266(1):16-26. PMID: 3429714.
    Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  72. Beltz BS, Kravitz EA. Physiological identification, morphological analysis, and development of identified serotonin-proctolin containing neurons in the lobster ventral nerve cord. J Neurosci. 1987 Feb; 7(2):533-46. PMID: 3546623.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  73. Siwicki KK, Beltz BS, Kravitz EA. Proctolin in identified serotonergic, dopaminergic, and cholinergic neurons in the lobster, Homarus americanus. J Neurosci. 1987 Feb; 7(2):522-32. PMID: 2880940.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  74. Siwicki KK, Beltz BS, Schwarz TL, Kravitz EA. Proctolin in the lobster nervous system. Peptides. 1985; 6 Suppl 3:393-402. PMID: 3913916.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  75. Harris-Warrick RM, Kravitz EA. Cellular mechanisms for modulation of posture by octopamine and serotonin in the lobster. J Neurosci. 1984 Aug; 4(8):1976-93. PMID: 6432970.
    Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  76. Schwarz TL, Lee GM, Siwicki KK, Standaert DG, Kravitz EA. Proctolin in the lobster: the distribution, release, and chemical characterization of a likely neurohormone. J Neurosci. 1984 May; 4(5):1300-11. PMID: 6144736.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  77. Goy MF, Schwarz TL, Kravitz EA. Serotonin-induced protein phosphorylation in a lobster neuromuscular preparation. J Neurosci. 1984 Mar; 4(3):611-26. PMID: 6323645.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  78. Johnston MF, Kravitz EA, Meiri H, Rahamimoff R. Adrenocorticotropic hormone causes long-lasting potentiation of transmitter release from frog motor nerve terminals. Science. 1983 Jun 03; 220(4601):1071-2. PMID: 6133353.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  79. Beltz BS, Kravitz EA. Mapping of serotonin-like immunoreactivity in the lobster nervous system. J Neurosci. 1983 Mar; 3(3):585-602. PMID: 6338162.
    Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  80. Glusman S, Kravitz EA. The action of serotonin on excitatory nerve terminals in lobster nerve-muscle preparations. J Physiol. 1982 Apr; 325:223-41. PMID: 6125589.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  81. Bergman H, Glusman S, Harris-Warrick RM, Kravitz EA, Nussinovitch I, Rahamimoff R. Noradrenaline augments tetanic potentiation of transmitter release by a calcium dependent process. Brain Res. 1981 Jun 09; 214(1):200-4. PMID: 6263418.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  82. Livingstone MS, Schaeffer SF, Kravitz EA. Biochemistry and ultrastructure of serotonergic nerve endings in the lobster: serotonin and octopamine are contained in different nerve endings. J Neurobiol. 1981 Jan; 12(1):27-54. PMID: 6782192.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  83. Kravitz EA, Glusman S, Harris-Warrick RM, Livingstone MS, Schwarz T, Goy MF. Amines and a peptide as neurohormones in lobsters: actions on neuromuscular preparations and preliminary behavioural studies. J Exp Biol. 1980 Dec; 89:159-75. PMID: 6110692.
    Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  84. Schwarz TL, Harris-Warrick RM, Glusman S, Kravitz EA. A peptide action in a lobster neuromuscular preparation. J Neurobiol. 1980 Nov; 11(6):623-8. PMID: 6108351.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  85. Livingstone MS, Harris-Warrick RM, Kravitz EA. Serotonin and octopamine produce opposite postures in lobsters. Science. 1980 Apr 04; 208(4439):76-9. PMID: 17731572.
    Citations: 58     Fields:    
  86. Battelle BA, Kravitz EA, Stieve H. Neurotransmitter synthesis in Limulus ventral nerve photoreceptors. Experientia. 1979 Jun 15; 35(6):778-8. PMID: 38135.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  87. Konishi S, Kravitz EA. The physiological properties of amine-containing neurones in the lobster nervous system. J Physiol. 1978 Jun; 279:215-29. PMID: 353257.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  88. Battelle BA, Kravitz EA. Targets of octopamine action in the lobster: cyclic nucleotide changes and physiological effects in hemolymph, heart and exoskeletal muscle. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1978 May; 205(2):438-48. PMID: 347053.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  89. Evans PD, Kravitz EA, Talamo BR. Octopamine release at two points along lobster nerve trunks. J Physiol. 1976 Oct; 262(1):71-89. PMID: 792418.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  90. Evans PD, Kravitz EA, Talamo BR, Wallace BG. The association of octopamine with specific neurones along lobster nerve trunks. J Physiol. 1976 Oct; 262(1):51-70. PMID: 792417.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  91. Kravitz EA, Evans PD, Talamo BR, Wallace BG, Battelle BA. Octopamine neurons in lobsters: location, morphology, release of octopamine and possible physiological role. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1976; 40:127-33. PMID: 780044.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  92. Evans PD, Talamo BR, Kravitz EA. Octopamine neurons: morphology, release of octopamine and possible physiological role. Brain Res. 1975 Jun 13; 90(2):340-7. PMID: 1095150.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  93. Hildebrand JG, Townsel JG, Kravitz EA. Distribution of acetylcholine, choline, choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase in regions and single identified axons of the lobster nervous system. J Neurochem. 1974 Nov; 23(5):951-63. PMID: 4215870.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  94. Wallace BG, Talamo BR, Evans PD, Kravitz EA. Octopamine: selective association with specific neurons in the lobster nervous system. Brain Res. 1974 Jul 12; 74(2):349-55. PMID: 4151841.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  95. Barker DL, Herbert E, Hildebrand JG, Kravitz EA. Acetylcholine and lobster sensory neurones. J Physiol. 1972 Oct; 226(1):205-29. PMID: 4343316.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  96. Barker DL, Molinoff PB, Kravitz EA. Octopamine in the lobster nervous system. Nat New Biol. 1972 Mar 15; 236(63):61-3. PMID: 4553466.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  97. Orkand PM, Kravitz EA. Localization of the sites of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake in lobster nerve-muscle preparations. J Cell Biol. 1971 Apr; 49(1):75-89. PMID: 5555581.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  98. Hildebrand JG, Barker DL, Herbert E, Kravitz EA. Screening for neurotransmitters: a rapid radiochemical procedure. J Neurobiol. 1971; 2(3):231-46. PMID: 4400108.
    Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  99. Hall ZW, Bownds MD, Kravitz EA. The metabolism of gamma aminobutyric acid in the lobster nervous system. Enzymes in single excitatory and inhibitory axons. J Cell Biol. 1970 Aug; 46(2):290-9. PMID: 5449177.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  100. Stretton AO, Kravitz EA. Neuronal geometry: determination with a technique of intracellular dye injection. Science. 1968 Oct 04; 162(3849):132-4. PMID: 4175300.
    Citations: 75     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  101. Iversen LL, Kravitz EA. The metabolism of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the lobster nervous system--uptake of GABA in the nerve-muscle preparations. J Neurochem. 1968 Jul; 15(7):609-20. PMID: 4234033.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  102. Molinoff PB, Kravitz EA. The metabolism of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the lobster nervous system--glutamic decarboxylase. J Neurochem. 1968 May; 15(5):391-409. PMID: 5648485.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  103. Otsuka M, Kravitz EA, Potter DD. Physiological and chemical architecture of a lobster ganglion with particular reference to gamma-aminobutyrate and glutamate. J Neurophysiol. 1967 Jul; 30(4):725-52. PMID: 6035690.
    Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  104. Hall ZW, Kravitz EA. The metabolism of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the lobster nervous system. I. GABA-glutamate transaminase. J Neurochem. 1967 Jan; 14(1):45-54. PMID: 4289446.
    Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Animals
  105. Hall ZW, Kravitz EA. The metabolism of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the lobster nervous system. II. Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase. J Neurochem. 1967 Jan; 14(1):55-61. PMID: 4289447.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
  106. Iversen LL, Kravitz EA, Otsuka M. Release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from lobster inhibitory neurones. J Physiol. 1967 Jan; 188(2):21P-22P. PMID: 6030515.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  107. Otsuka M, Iversen LL, Hall ZW, Kravitz EA. Release of gamma-aminobutyric acid from inhibitory nerves of lobster. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1966 Oct; 56(4):1110-5. PMID: 5230136.
    Citations: 50     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  108. Iversen LL, Kravitz EA. Sodium dependence of transmitter uptake at adrenergic nerve terminals. Mol Pharmacol. 1966 Jul; 2(4):360-2. PMID: 5968076.
    Citations: 41     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  109. Kravitz EA, Molinoff PB, Hall ZW. A comparison of the enzymes and substrates of gamma-aminobutyric acid metabolism in lobster excitatory and inhibitory axons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1965 Sep; 54(3):778-82. PMID: 5217457.
    Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
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    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
  115. KRAVITZ EA. Enzymic formation of gamma-aminobutyric acid in the peripheral and central nervous system of lobsters. J Neurochem. 1962 Jul-Aug; 9:363-70. PMID: 14459472.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    
  116. KRAVITZ EA, POTTER DD, VAN GELDER NM. Gamma-aminobutyric acid and other blocking substances extracted from crab muscle. Nature. 1962 Apr 28; 194:382-3. PMID: 14459471.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Cells
  117. KRAVITZ EA, GUARINO AJ. On the effect of inorganic phosphate on hexose phosphate metabolism. Science. 1958 Nov 07; 128(3332):1139-40. PMID: 13592301.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Cells
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.