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Richard Alan Cash, M.D.

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University of Wisconsin, Madison, WisconsinBS1963
New York University School of Medicine, New YorkMD1966
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MDMPH1973

Dr. Cash and his colleagues conducted the first clinical trials of Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) in adult and pediatric cholera patients and patients with other infectious causes of diarrhea at the Cholera Research Laboratory (now ICDDR,B) in Bangladesh. Other in-country studies included the first field trials and community-based trials of ORT and the use of amino acids (glycine) as an additional substrate.

He was the Principal Investigator of the Applied Diarrheal Disease Research (ADDR) Project, a program that assisted developing country scientists to hone their research skills by conducting their own research projects. Over 150 studies, involving more than 350 investigators were funded in twelve countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, leading to over 275 publications. Research priorities included: behavioral studies of care takers and providers; foods and fluids; prevention of diarrhea; persistent diarrhea; and acute respiratory infection and nutrition.

Dr. Cash also directed a program in research ethics that focused on training for fellows from Asia, and research ethics workshops at HSPH and in 12 countries. He is the senior editor of “Casebook on Ethical Issues in International Health Research”, a WHO publication.

Scaling up health programs is a major interest and he is the senior editor of “From One to Many: Scaling Up Health Programs in Low-Income Countries”. He has also documented the scaling up of the BRAC ORT program in “A Simple Solution” and as a member of the BRAC Health Group, he and colleagues have documented the BRAC TB DOTS program in “Making Tuberculosis History: Community-Based Solutions for Millions”.

Recently he was the Visiting Professor at the Public Health Foundation of India in Delhi and has visiting faculty appointments at the James P. Grant School of Public Health at BRAC University in Dhaka, Bangladesh, the Achutha Menon Centre for Health Sciences Studies, in Trivandrum Kerala India, and the Graduate School of International Health Development at the University of Nagasaki. In 2006 he was the recipient of the Prince Mahidol Award and in 2011 received the Fries Price for Improving Health.

Assess the connection between domestic violence and maternal/child health, National Institutte for Research in Reproductive Health
International, 06/18/08 - 08/13/08
Issues of Care and Support of HIV-Positive Individuals in West Bengal, India
International/Summer, 06/23/03 - 08/25/03
Ethics Risk Assessment In Public Health Surveillance
International, 07/01/05 - 08/28/05
Scale-up of Botswana's HIV/AIDS Treatment Program
International, 06/10/04 - 08/15/04
Factors Involved with Vaccine Accessibility in the PeriUrban Slums of Calcutta
International, 06/20/99 - 08/20/99
UNICEF India Internship
International, 05/23/05 - 07/29/05

The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. U01TW010097 (PRABHAKARAN, DORAIRAJ) Sep 28, 2015 - Jul 31, 2021
    Air Pollution and HealthGeoHealth Hub Research and Capacity Building
    Role: Principal Investigator
  2. U2RTW010108 (CASH, RICHARD A) Sep 28, 2015 - Jul 31, 2021
    2/2-Air Pollution and Health GeoHealth Hub Research and Capacity Building-US
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. T15HL075690 (CASH, RICHARD A) Sep 30, 2003 - Aug 31, 2005
    Ethics in Health Research in China: Capacity Development
    Role: Principal Investigator
  4. R25TW001596 (CASH, RICHARD A) Sep 30, 2000 - Dec 31, 2008
    International Fellowship in Health Research Ethics
    Role: Principal Investigator
  5. T15AI007554 (CASH, RICHARD A) Sep 30, 1998 - Sep 29, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Pablos-Méndez A, Villa S, Monti MC, Raviglione MC, Tabish HB, Evans TG, Cash RA. Global ecological analysis of COVID-19 mortality and comparison between "the East" and "the West". Sci Rep. 2022 03 28; 12(1):5272. PMID: 35347210; PMCID: PMC8959561.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  2. McConnell M, Mahajan M, Bauhoff S, Croke K, Verguet S, Castro MC, Furtado KM, Mehndiratta A, Farzana M, Rashid SF, Cash R. How are health workers paid and does it matter? Conceptualising the potential implications of digitising health worker payments. BMJ Glob Health. 2022 01; 7(1). PMID: 35078811; PMCID: PMC8796226.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  3. Cash RA. Using Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) in the Community. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2021 May 29; 6(2). PMID: 34072599.
  4. Cash RA. Testing vaccines in the time of Covid: The changing landscape. Indian J Med Ethics. 2021 Apr-Jun; VI(2):1-4. PMID: 33908357.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  5. Duggan CP, Cash RA. 50 Years Ago in TheJournalofPediatrics: Oral rehydration solution in children with cholera: proof of an important concept for child health. J Pediatr. 2021 02; 229:133. PMID: 33487225.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  6. Lown B, Cash RA, Rohde JE. Renewed Threat of Nuclear Holocaust Requires Physician Activism. N Engl J Med. 2021 01 21; 384(3):292. PMID: 33471985.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  7. Cash R, Patel V. Has COVID-19 subverted global health? Lancet. 2020 05 30; 395(10238):1687-1688. PMID: 32539939; PMCID: PMC7200122.
    Citations: 82     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  8. Walia GK, Mandal S, Jaganathan S, Jaacks LM, Sieber NL, Dhillon PK, Krishna B, Magsumbol MS, Madhipatla KK, Kondal D, Cash RA, Reddy KS, Schwartz J, Prabhakaran D. Leveraging Existing Cohorts to Study Health Effects of Air Pollution on Cardiometabolic Disorders: India Global Environmental and Occupational Health Hub. Environ Health Insights. 2020; 14:1178630220915688. PMID: 32341651; PMCID: PMC7171984.
    Citations: 2     
  9. Cash RA. Testing a low-cost approach to giving eRIG for rabies PEP: Ethical issues. Indian J Med Ethics. 2019 Apr-Jun; 4(2):144-145. PMID: 31271358.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  10. Nalin DR, Cash RA. 50 years of oral rehydration therapy: the solution is still simple. Lancet. 2018 08 18; 392(10147):536-538. PMID: 30152375.
    Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  11. Cash RA, Castro MC. Advising a woman with suspected Zika virus infection. Indian J Med Ethics. 2018 Apr-Jun; 3(2):163-164. PMID: 29724698.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
  12. Cash RA. Public health or political health? Lancet. 2014 Jun 28; 383(9936):2208. PMID: 24976322.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  13. Siddique AK, Cash R. Cholera outbreaks in the classical biotype era. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2014; 379:1-16. PMID: 24368696.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  14. Cash RA, Halder SR, Husain M, Islam MS, Mallick FH, May MA, Rahman M, Rahman MA. Reducing the health effect of natural hazards in Bangladesh. Lancet. 2013 Dec 21; 382(9910):2094-103. PMID: 24268610.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  15. Cash RA, Chowdhury AM. Home-based treatment: teaching matters. Lancet. 2013 Nov 02; 382(9903):1482. PMID: 24182537.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  16. Cash RA. Ethical issues in adapting new technologies for rapid diagnosis. Indian J Med Ethics. 2013 Oct-Dec; 10(4):254-5. PMID: 24152351.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  17. Cash RA. Evolving role of ethics committees in India. Indian J Med Ethics. 2013 Jul-Sep; 10(3):206. PMID: 23912739.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  18. Cash RA. Why is every country not primed to use oral rehydration therapy to treat cases of diarrhoea? WHO South East Asia J Public Health. 2012 Jan-Mar; 1(1):113-115. PMID: 28612785.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    
  19. Cash R. Reviewing trials of traditional medicines and other challenges faced by ethics committees. Indian J Med Ethics. 2008 Oct-Dec; 5(4):185-7. PMID: 18988381.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  20. Tetali S, Choudhury LP, Cash RA, Ouyang H, Greaves F. Male circumcision: perspectives of doctors in southern India. Natl Med J India. 2007 May-Jun; 20(3):158. PMID: 17867625.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  21. Greaves F, Ouyang H, Pefole M, MacCarthy S, Cash RA. Compliance with DOTS diagnosis and treatment recommendations by private practitioners in Kerala, India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Jan; 11(1):110-2. PMID: 17217139.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  22. Nalin DR, Cash RA. Oral therapy for cholera: amino acids added to electrolyte solutions containing rice or glucose. J Infect Dis. 2006 Jan 15; 193(2):331; author reply 331-2. PMID: 16362900.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  23. Cash RA. What is owed to the community before, during and following research: an ethical dialogue. East Mediterr Health J. 2006; 12 Suppl 1:S37-41. PMID: 17037687.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  24. Milstien J, Cash RA, Wecker J, Wikler D. Development of priority vaccines for disease-endemic countries: risk and benefit. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 May-Jun; 24(3):718-28. PMID: 15886166.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  25. Cash R. Ethical issues in health workforce development. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Apr; 83(4):280-4. PMID: 15868019; PMCID: PMC2626207.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  26. Nalin DR, Hirschhorn N, Greenough W, Fuchs GJ, Cash RA. Clinical concerns about reduced-osmolarity oral rehydration solution. JAMA. 2004 Jun 02; 291(21):2632-5. PMID: 15173156.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  27. Kent DM, Mwamburi M, Cash RA, Rabin TL, Bennish ML. Testing therapies less effective than the best current standard: ethical beliefs in an international sample of researchers. Am J Bioeth. 2003; 3(2):W11. PMID: 14635629.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Binka F, Cash R, Chen L, Claeson M, Dare L, Doyal L, Evans T, Germain A, Horton R, Jones D, Kilima P, Miller M, Narasimhan V, Pablos-Mendez A, Ramsay S, Reddy KS, Sanders D, Suwanwela C, Thankappan KR, Wibulpolprasert S. An open letter to the Executive Board of WHO. Lancet. 2002 Dec 07; 360(9348):1797. PMID: 12480351.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  29. Hirschhorn N, Nalin DR, Cash RA, Greenough WB. Formulation of oral rehydration solution. Lancet. 2002 Jul 27; 360(9329):340-1. PMID: 12147399.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  30. Hirschhorn N, Nalin DR, Cash RA. CHOICE Study Group Trial. Pediatrics. 2002 Apr; 109(4):713-5; author reply 713-5. PMID: 11927719.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  31. Cash RA. Ethical principles and health research. Natl Med J India. 2001 Nov-Dec; 14(6):321-3. PMID: 11804360.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  32. Thankappan KR, Cash RA. Ethical issues in biomedical research on human beings. Indian Pediatr. 2001 May; 38(5):514-7. PMID: 11359978.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Cash RA, Narasimhan V. Impediments to global surveillance of infectious diseases: consequences of open reporting in a global economy. Bull World Health Organ. 2000; 78(11):1358-67. PMID: 11143197; PMCID: PMC2560626.
    Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  34. Cash R, Hirschhorn N, Nalin D. Oral rehydration and hyponatraemia. Lancet. 1999 Nov 13; 354(9191):1733-4. PMID: 10568606.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  35. Chowdhury AM, Karim F, Sarkar SK, Cash RA, Bhuiya A. The status of ORT (oral rehydration therapy) in Bangladesh: how widely is it used? Health Policy Plan. 1997 Mar; 12(1):58-66. PMID: 10166103.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  36. Chowdhury AM, Cash RA. Cultural incorporation of the ORT message. Lancet. 1993 Jun 19; 341(8860):1591. PMID: 8099657.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  37. Uplekar MW, Cash RA. The private GP and leprosy: a study. Lepr Rev. 1991 Dec; 62(4):410-9. PMID: 1784157.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  38. Snyder JD, Molla AM, Cash RA. Home-based therapy for diarrhea. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1990 Nov; 11(4):438-47. PMID: 2262832.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  39. da Cunha Ferreira RM, Cash RA. History of the development of oral rehydration therapy. Clin Ther. 1990; 12 Suppl A:2-11; discussion 11-3. PMID: 2187608.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  40. Wang ZS, Shepard DS, Zhu YC, Cash RA, Zhao RJ, Zhu ZX, Shen FM. Reduction of enteric infectious disease in rural China by providing deep-well tap water. Bull World Health Organ. 1989; 67(2):171-80. PMID: 2501042; PMCID: PMC2491231.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Cash RA. A history of the development of oral rehydration therapy (ORT). J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1987 Dec; 5(4):256-61. PMID: 3333772.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  42. Lerman SJ, Shepard DS, Cash RA. Treatment of diarrhoea in Indonesian children: what it costs and who pays for it. Lancet. 1985 Sep 21; 2(8456):651-4. PMID: 2863640.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  43. Krieger I, Cash R, Evans GW. Picolinic acid in acrodermatitis enteropathica: evidence for a disorder of tryptophan metabolism. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1984; 3(1):62-8. PMID: 6694049.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  44. Nalin DR, Cash RA. Rice powder and electrolyte solutions. Lancet. 1982 Jul 17; 2(8290):155-6. PMID: 6123863.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  45. Cash RA. Oral therapy for diarrhoea. Trop Doct. 1979 Jan; 9(1):25-30. PMID: 419560.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. Nalin DR, Cash RA. Oral therapy for diarrhoea. Lancet. 1977 May 14; 1(8020):1059-60. PMID: 67524.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  47. Nalin DR, Cash RA. Sodium content in oral therapy for diarrhea. Lancet. 1976 Oct 30; 2(7992):957. PMID: 62177.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  48. Sack RB, Hirschhorn N, Brownlee I, Cash RA, Woodward WE, Sack DA. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia-coli-associated diarrheal disease in Apache children. N Engl J Med. 1975 May 15; 292(20):1041-5. PMID: 1091855.
    Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  49. Hirschhorn N, Woodward WE, Evans LK, Chickadonz GH, Gordon RS, Sack RB, Breutzman M, Cash RA, Zieve PD. Attempted prevention of diarrheal disease in Apache children with a non-absorbable broad-spectrum antimicrobial. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1975 Mar; 24(2):320-5. PMID: 1091171.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
  50. Cash RA, Music SI, Libonati JP, Craig JP, Pierce NF, Hornick RB. Response of man to infection with Vibrio cholerae. II. Protection from illness afforded by previous disease and vaccine. J Infect Dis. 1974 Oct; 130(4):325-33. PMID: 4443613.
    Citations: 53     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  51. Woodward WE, Hirschhorn N, Sack RB, Cash RA, Brownlee I, Chickadonz GH, Evans LK, Shepard RH, Woodward RC. Acute diarrhea on an Apache Indian reservation. Am J Epidemiol. 1974 Apr; 99(4):281-90. PMID: 4594476.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
  52. Cash RA. Letter: Addendum to response of man to infection with Vibrio cholerae. J Infect Dis. 1974 Apr; 129(4):477. PMID: 4817466.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  53. Cash RA, Music SI, Libonati JP, Snyder MJ, Wenzel RP, Hornick RB. Response of man to infection with Vibrio cholerae. I. Clinical, serologic, and bacteriologic responses to a known inoculum. J Infect Dis. 1974 Jan; 129(1):45-52. PMID: 4809112.
    Citations: 100     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  54. Cash RA, Northrup RS, Mizanur Rahman AS. Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole in clinical cholera: comparison with tetracycline. J Infect Dis. 1973 Nov; 128:Suppl:749-53 p. PMID: 4758056.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  55. Hirschhorn N, McCarthy BJ, Ranney B, Hirschhorn MA, Woodward ST, Lacapa A, Cash RA, Woodward WE. Ad libitum oral glucose-electrolyte therapy for acute diarrhea in Apache children. J Pediatr. 1973 Oct; 83(4):562-71. PMID: 4581015.
    Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  56. Rohde JE, Cash RA. Transport of glucose and amino acids in human jejunum during Asiatic cholera. J Infect Dis. 1973 Feb; 127(2):190-2. PMID: 4570130.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  57. Cash RA, Lehman JS, Hare RS, Nalin DR. Renal function in acute Asiatic cholera. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1973; 67(2):217-24. PMID: 4784059.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  58. Hirschhorn N, Cash RA, Woodward WE, Spivey GH. Oral fluid therapy of Apache children with acute infectious diarrhoea. Lancet. 1972 Jul 01; 2(7766):15-8. PMID: 4113619.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  59. Hornick RB, Music SI, Wenzel R, Cash R, Libonati JP, Snyder MJ, Woodward TE. The Broad Street pump revisited: response of volunteers to ingested cholera vibrios. Bull N Y Acad Med. 1971 Oct; 47(10):1181-91. PMID: 5286453.
    Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  60. Nalin DR, Cash RA. Oral or nasogastric maintenance therapy in pediatric cholera patients. J Pediatr. 1971 Feb; 78(2):355-8. PMID: 4992841.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  61. Marcuk LM, Nikiforov VN, Scerbak JF, Levitov TA, Kotljarova RI, Naumsina MS, Davydov SU, Monsur KA, Rahman MA, Latif MA, Northrup RS, Cash RA, Hug I, Dey CR, Phillips RA. Clinical studies of the use of bacteriophage in the treatment of cholera. Bull World Health Organ. 1971; 45(1):77-83. PMID: 4946956; PMCID: PMC2427894.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
  62. Cash RA, Forrest JN, Nalin DR, Abrutyn E. Rapid correction of acidosis and dehydration of cholera with oral electrolyte and glucose solution. Lancet. 1970 Sep 12; 2(7672):549-50. PMID: 4195208.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  63. Nalin DR, Cash RA, Rahman M, Yunus M. Effect of glycine and glucose on sodium and water adsorption in patients with cholera. Gut. 1970 Sep; 11(9):768-72. PMID: 5473608; PMCID: PMC1553112.
    Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  64. Cash RA, Nalin DR, Rochat R, Reller LB, Haque ZA, Rahman AS. A clinical trial of oral therapy in a rural cholera-treatment center. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1970 Jul; 19(4):653-6. PMID: 5425504.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  65. Nalin DR, Cash RA. Oral or nasogastric therapy for cholera. Public Health Pap. 1970; 40:73-6. PMID: 5538205.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  66. Nalin DR, Cash RA. Oral or nasogastric maintenance therapy for diarrhoea of unknown aetiology resembling cholera. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1970; 64(5):769-71. PMID: 5533332.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  67. Nalin DR, Cash RA, Rahman M. Oral (or nasogastric) maintenance therapy for cholera patients in all age-groups. Bull World Health Organ. 1970; 43(3):361-3. PMID: 5312989; PMCID: PMC2427684.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  68. Cash RA, Toha KM, Nalin DR, Huq Z, Phillips RA. Acetate in the correction of acidosis secondary to diarrhoea. Lancet. 1969 Aug 09; 2(7615):302-3. PMID: 4184217.
    Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  69. Cash R, Petrini MA, Brough AJ. Ovarian dysfunction associated with an anticonvulsant drug. JAMA. 1969 May 19; 208(7):1149-52. PMID: 4305772.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  70. Nalin DR, Cash RA, Islam R, Molla M, Phillips RA. Oral maintenance therapy for cholera in adults. Lancet. 1968 Aug 17; 2(7564):370-3. PMID: 4173788.
    Citations: 48     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
  71. Schteingart DE, Cash R, Conn JW. Amino-glutethimide and metastatic adrenal cancer. Maintained reversal (six months) of Cushing's syndrome. JAMA. 1966 Nov 28; 198(9):1007-10. PMID: 5953457.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.