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profileLaurie Elizabeth Comstock, Ph.D.

TitleAssociate Professor of Medicine
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentMedicine
AddressBrigham and Womens Hospital
221 Longwood Ave
Boston MA 02115
Phone6175257822
Fax6172645193
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Collapse Research 
Collapse research activities and funding
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
R01AI132580     (BARQUERA, BLANCA)Aug 18, 2017 - Jul 31, 2021
NIH/NIAID
A new paradigm of respiration in the human gut Bacteroides
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

R01AI120633     (COMSTOCK, LAURIE E)Jun 15, 2015 - May 31, 2020
NIH/NIAID
Contact-Dependent Antagonism in Gut Bacteroidales
Role: Principal Investigator

R01AI093771     (COMSTOCK, LAURIE E)Jul 1, 2012 - Aug 31, 2021
NIH/NIAID
Secreted antimicrobial proteins of the intestinal Bacteriodales
Role: Principal Investigator

R01AI081843     (COMSTOCK, LAURIE E)Dec 1, 2009 - Nov 30, 2015
NIH/NIAID
Significance of Bacteroides fragilis polysaccharide phase variation
Role: Principal Investigator

R56AI044193     (COMSTOCK, LAURIE E)Jun 1, 2008 - May 31, 2009
NIH/NIAID
Regulation of the multiple polysaccharides of Bacteroides fragilis
Role: Principal Investigator

Collapse Bibliographic 
Collapse selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
List All   |   Timeline
  1. Comstock LE. Small RNAs Repress Expression of Polysaccharide Utilization Loci of Gut Bacteroides Species. J Bacteriol. 2016 Sep 15; 198(18):2396-8. PMID: 27402626; PMCID: PMC4999925 [Available on 03/15/17].
  2. Roelofs KG, Coyne MJ, Gentyala RR, Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Comstock LE. Bacteroidales Secreted Antimicrobial Proteins Target Surface Molecules Necessary for Gut Colonization and Mediate Competition In Vivo. MBio. 2016 Aug 23; 7(4). PMID: 27555309; PMCID: PMC4999547.
  3. Rakoff-Nahoum S, Foster KR, Comstock LE. The evolution of cooperation within the gut microbiota. Nature. 2016 05 12; 533(7602):255-9. PMID: 27111508; PMCID: PMC4978124 [Available on 10/25/16].
  4. Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. A New Pillar in Pilus Assembly. Cell. 2016 Apr 21; 165(3):520-1. PMID: 27104974.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Geva-Zatorsky N, Comstock LE. Bacteroides fragilis type VI secretion systems use novel effector and immunity proteins to antagonize human gut Bacteroidales species. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29; 113(13):3627-32. PMID: 26951680; PMCID: PMC4822612.
  6. Coyne MJ, Roelofs KG, Comstock LE. Type VI secretion systems of human gut Bacteroidales segregate into three genetic architectures, two of which are contained on mobile genetic elements. BMC Genomics. 2016 Jan 15; 17:58. PMID: 26768901; PMCID: PMC4714493.
  7. Liu S, da Cunha AP, Rezende RM, Cialic R, Wei Z, Bry L, Comstock LE, Gandhi R, Weiner HL. The Host Shapes the Gut Microbiota via Fecal MicroRNA. Cell Host Microbe. 2016 Jan 13; 19(1):32-43. PMID: 26764595; PMCID: PMC4847146 [Available on 01/13/17].
  8. Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Comstock LE. Friend turned foe: a role for bacterial sulfatases in colitis. Cell Host Microbe. 2015 May 13; 17(5):540-1. PMID: 25974293.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. An antimicrobial protein of the gut symbiont Bacteroides fragilis with a MACPF domain of host immune proteins. Mol Microbiol. 2014 Dec; 94(6):1361-74. PMID: 25339613; PMCID: PMC4262677.
  10. Rakoff-Nahoum S, Comstock LE. Immunology: Starve a fever, feed the microbiota. Nature. 2014 Oct 30; 514(7524):576-7. PMID: 25274298.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Coyne MJ, Zitomersky NL, McGuire AM, Earl AM, Comstock LE. Evidence of extensive DNA transfer between bacteroidales species within the human gut. MBio. 2014 Jun 17; 5(3):e01305-14. PMID: 24939888; PMCID: PMC4073490.
  12. Rakoff-Nahoum S, Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. An ecological network of polysaccharide utilization among human intestinal symbionts. Curr Biol. 2014 Jan 06; 24(1):40-9. PMID: 24332541; PMCID: PMC3924574.
  13. Wieland Brown LC, Penaranda C, Kashyap PC, Williams BB, Clardy J, Kronenberg M, Sonnenburg JL, Comstock LE, Bluestone JA, Fischbach MA. Production of a-galactosylceramide by a prominent member of the human gut microbiota. PLoS Biol. 2013 Jul; 11(7):e1001610. PMID: 23874157; PMCID: PMC3712910.
  14. Zitomersky NL, Atkinson BJ, Franklin SW, Mitchell PD, Snapper SB, Comstock LE, Bousvaros A. Characterization of adherent bacteroidales from intestinal biopsies of children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e63686. PMID: 23776434; PMCID: PMC3679120.
  15. Coyne MJ, Fletcher CM, Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Posch G, Schaffer C, Comstock LE. Phylum-wide general protein O-glycosylation system of the Bacteroidetes. Mol Microbiol. 2013 May; 88(4):772-83. PMID: 23551589; PMCID: PMC3656502.
  16. Posch G, Pabst M, Neumann L, Coyne MJ, Altmann F, Messner P, Comstock LE, Schäffer C. "Cross-glycosylation" of proteins in Bacteroidales species. Glycobiology. 2013 May; 23(5):568-77. PMID: 23258847; PMCID: PMC3608352.
  17. Coyne MJ, Fletcher CM, Reinap B, Comstock LE. UDP-glucuronic acid decarboxylases of Bacteroides fragilis and their prevalence in bacteria. J Bacteriol. 2011 Oct; 193(19):5252-9. PMID: 21804000; PMCID: PMC3187445.
  18. Zitomersky NL, Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. Longitudinal analysis of the prevalence, maintenance, and IgA response to species of the order Bacteroidales in the human gut. Infect Immun. 2011 May; 79(5):2012-20. PMID: 21402766; PMCID: PMC3088145.
  19. Fletcher CM, Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. Theoretical and experimental characterization of the scope of protein O-glycosylation in Bacteroides fragilis. J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 04; 286(5):3219-26. PMID: 21115495; PMCID: PMC3030326.
  20. Troy EB, Carey VJ, Kasper DL, Comstock LE. Orientations of the Bacteroides fragilis capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis locus promoters during symbiosis and infection. J Bacteriol. 2010 Nov; 192(21):5832-6. PMID: 20729352; PMCID: PMC2953686.
  21. Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Weinacht KG, Comstock LE. Trans locus inhibitors limit concomitant polysaccharide synthesis in the human gut symbiont Bacteroides fragilis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jun 29; 107(26):11976-80. PMID: 20547868; PMCID: PMC2900635.
  22. Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. A family of transcriptional antitermination factors necessary for synthesis of the capsular polysaccharides of Bacteroides fragilis. J Bacteriol. 2009 Dec; 191(23):7288-95. PMID: 19801412; PMCID: PMC2786560.
  23. Comstock LE. Importance of glycans to the host-bacteroides mutualism in the mammalian intestine. Cell Host Microbe. 2009 Jun 18; 5(6):522-6. PMID: 19527880.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Fletcher CM, Coyne MJ, Villa OF, Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Comstock LE. A general O-glycosylation system important to the physiology of a major human intestinal symbiont. Cell. 2009 Apr 17; 137(2):321-31. PMID: 19379697; PMCID: PMC2772059.
  25. Coyne MJ, Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Paoletti LC, Comstock LE. Role of glycan synthesis in colonization of the mammalian gut by the bacterial symbiont Bacteroides fragilis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 02; 105(35):13099-104. PMID: 18723678; PMCID: PMC2529095.
  26. Belzer C, Comstock LE. Expression of phase variable surface molecules of Bacteroides species from healthy and clinical stool. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Apr; 46 Suppl 1:E15-6. PMID: 18354319.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Coyne MJ, Roche-Hakansson H, Comstock LE. Expression of a uniquely regulated extracellular polysaccharide confers a large-capsule phenotype to Bacteroides fragilis. J Bacteriol. 2008 Feb; 190(3):1020-6. PMID: 18039760; PMCID: PMC2223589.
  28. Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. Niche-specific features of the intestinal bacteroidales. J Bacteriol. 2008 Jan; 190(2):736-42. PMID: 17993536; PMCID: PMC2223690.
  29. Comstock LE. Microbiology: the inside story. Nature. 2007 Aug 02; 448(7153):542-4. PMID: 17671490.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Sebastian S, Dillon ST, Lynch JG, Blalock LT, Balon E, Lee KT, Comstock LE, Conlan JW, Rubin EJ, Tzianabos AO, Kasper DL. A defined O-antigen polysaccharide mutant of Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain has attenuated virulence while retaining its protective capacity. Infect Immun. 2007 May; 75(5):2591-602. PMID: 17296751; PMCID: PMC1865767.
  31. Fletcher CM, Coyne MJ, Bentley DL, Villa OF, Comstock LE. Phase-variable expression of a family of glycoproteins imparts a dynamic surface to a symbiont in its human intestinal ecosystem. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Feb 13; 104(7):2413-8. PMID: 17284602; PMCID: PMC1892957.
  32. Roche-Hakansson H, Chatzidaki-Livanis M, Coyne MJ, Comstock LE. Bacteroides fragilis synthesizes a DNA invertase affecting both a local and a distant region. J Bacteriol. 2007 Mar; 189(5):2119-24. PMID: 17189372; PMCID: PMC1855777.
  33. Comstock LE, Kasper DL. Bacterial glycans: key mediators of diverse host immune responses. Cell. 2006 Sep 08; 126(5):847-50. PMID: 16959564.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Coyne MJ, Reinap B, Lee MM, Comstock LE. Human symbionts use a host-like pathway for surface fucosylation. Science. 2005 Mar 18; 307(5716):1778-81. PMID: 15774760.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Weinacht KG, Roche H, Krinos CM, Coyne MJ, Parkhill J, Comstock LE. Tyrosine site-specific recombinases mediate DNA inversions affecting the expression of outer surface proteins of Bacteroides fragilis. Mol Microbiol. 2004 Sep; 53(5):1319-30. PMID: 15387812.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Comstock LE, Coyne MJ. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron: a dynamic, niche-adapted human symbiont. Bioessays. 2003 Oct; 25(10):926-9. PMID: 14505359.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Coyne MJ, Weinacht KG, Krinos CM, Comstock LE. Mpi recombinase globally modulates the surface architecture of a human commensal bacterium. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 02; 100(18):10446-51. PMID: 12915735; PMCID: PMC193581.
  38. Krinos CM, Coyne MJ, Weinacht KG, Tzianabos AO, Kasper DL, Comstock LE. Extensive surface diversity of a commensal microorganism by multiple DNA inversions. Nature. 2001 Nov 29; 414(6863):555-8. PMID: 11734857.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Coyne MJ, Tzianabos AO, Mallory BC, Carey VJ, Kasper DL, Comstock LE. Polysaccharide biosynthesis locus required for virulence of Bacteroides fragilis. Infect Immun. 2001 Jul; 69(7):4342-50. PMID: 11401972; PMCID: PMC98505.
  40. Kalka-Moll WM, Wang Y, Comstock LE, Gonzalez SE, Tzianabos AO, Kasper DL. Immunochemical and biological characterization of three capsular polysaccharides from a single Bacteroides fragilis strain. Infect Immun. 2001 Apr; 69(4):2339-44. PMID: 11254591; PMCID: PMC98163.
  41. Coyne MJ, Kalka-Moll W, Tzianabos AO, Kasper DL, Comstock LE. Bacteroides fragilis NCTC9343 produces at least three distinct capsular polysaccharides: cloning, characterization, and reassignment of polysaccharide B and C biosynthesis loci. Infect Immun. 2000 Nov; 68(11):6176-81. PMID: 11035722; PMCID: PMC97696.
  42. Comstock LE, Pantosti A, Kasper DL. Genetic diversity of the capsular polysaccharide C biosynthesis region of Bacteroides fragilis. Infect Immun. 2000 Nov; 68(11):6182-8. PMID: 11035723; PMCID: PMC97697.
  43. Comstock LE, Coyne MJ, Tzianabos AO, Kasper DL. Interstrain variation of the polysaccharide B biosynthesis locus of Bacteroides fragilis: characterization of the region from strain 638R. J Bacteriol. 1999 Oct; 181(19):6192-6. PMID: 10498737; PMCID: PMC103652.
  44. Comstock LE, Coyne MJ, Tzianabos AO, Pantosti A, Onderdonk AB, Kasper DL. Analysis of a capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis locus of Bacteroides fragilis. Infect Immun. 1999 Jul; 67(7):3525-32. PMID: 10377135; PMCID: PMC116540.
  45. Losonsky GA, Lim Y, Motamedi P, Comstock LE, Johnson JA, Morris JG, Tacket CO, Kaper JB, Levine MM. Vibriocidal antibody responses in North American volunteers exposed to wild-type or vaccine Vibrio cholerae O139: specificity and relevance to immunity. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1997 May; 4(3):264-9. PMID: 9144361; PMCID: PMC170516.
  46. Comstock LE, Johnson JA, Michalski JM, Morris JG, Kaper JB. Cloning and sequence of a region encoding a surface polysaccharide of Vibrio cholerae O139 and characterization of the insertion site in the chromosome of Vibrio cholerae O1. Mol Microbiol. 1996 Feb; 19(4):815-26. PMID: 8820651.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Tacket CO, Losonsky G, Nataro JP, Comstock L, Michalski J, Edelman R, Kaper JB, Levine MM. Initial clinical studies of CVD 112 Vibrio cholerae O139 live oral vaccine: safety and efficacy against experimental challenge. J Infect Dis. 1995 Sep; 172(3):883-6. PMID: 7658089.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Fasano A, Fiorentini C, Donelli G, Uzzau S, Kaper JB, Margaretten K, Ding X, Guandalini S, Comstock L, Goldblum SE. Zonula occludens toxin modulates tight junctions through protein kinase C-dependent actin reorganization, in vitro. J Clin Invest. 1995 Aug; 96(2):710-20. PMID: 7635964; PMCID: PMC185254.
  49. Comstock LE, Maneval D, Panigrahi P, Joseph A, Levine MM, Kaper JB, Morris JG, Johnson JA. The capsule and O antigen in Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal are associated with a genetic region not present in Vibrio cholerae O1. Infect Immun. 1995 Jan; 63(1):317-23. PMID: 7528734; PMCID: PMC172994.
  50. Faruque SM, Comstock L, Kaper JB, Albert MJ. Distribution of Zonula occludens toxin (zot) gene among clinical isolates of Vibrio cholerae O1 from Bangladesh and Africa. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1994 Sep; 12(3):222-4. PMID: 7868831.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Comstock LE, Fikrig E, Shoberg RJ, Flavell RA, Thomas DD. A monoclonal antibody to OspA inhibits association of Borrelia burgdorferi with human endothelial cells. Infect Immun. 1993 Feb; 61(2):423-31. PMID: 7678585; PMCID: PMC302746.
  52. Comstock LE, Thomas DD. Characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi invasion of cultured endothelial cells. Microb Pathog. 1991 Feb; 10(2):137-48. PMID: 1890951.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Comstock LE, Thomas DD. Penetration of endothelial cell monolayers by Borrelia burgdorferi. Infect Immun. 1989 May; 57(5):1626-8. PMID: 2707862; PMCID: PMC313325.
  54. Thomas DD, Comstock LE. Interaction of Lyme disease spirochetes with cultured eucaryotic cells. Infect Immun. 1989 Apr; 57(4):1324-6. PMID: 2925254; PMCID: PMC313270.
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