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profileRohit Bakshi, M.D.

TitleJack, Sadie and David Breakstone Professor of Neurology
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentNeurology
AddressBrigham and Women's Hospital
Laboratory for Neuroimaging Research
One Brookline Place, Suite 602
Brookline MA 02445
Phone617/525-6550
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Other Positions
TitleProfessor of Radiology
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentRadiology


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Rohit Bakshi, M.D., M.A., is the Jack, Sadie and David Breakstone Professor of Neurology and Radiology at Harvard Medical School and a Senior Neurologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH). He is Director of the Laboratory for Neuroimaging Research at the Partners Multiple Sclerosis Center. He has built a research program involving quantitative MRI in ultiple sclerosis.

Dr. Bakshi’s research is in the area of the use of MRI technology to study mechanisms and predictors of disease progression in MS. His group uses advanced MRI scanning and computer processing to understand mechanisms of MS at various stages. This includes the use of voxel-based morphometry to study gray matter damage, diffusion tensor imaging to study white matter damage, and advanced processing tools to detect spinal cord atrophy. He has focused the importance of gray matter damage in MS as a new avenue to understand the causes of disease onset and progression. His work has also helped to define brain and spinal cord atrophy as major predictors of patient symptoms. In addition, his team is working on new ways to measure damage with MRI data, such as the development of comprehensive rating scales to assess disease severity and subtyping of patient phenotypes using MRI data. He also analyzes MRI endpoints in therapeutic trials of MS. In addition to his major role in research and mentoring in his lab, Dr. Bakshi cares for MS patients at BWH.

He is a Buffalo native, graduate of Cornell University, and fraternity brother in the Iota Chapter of Alpha Sigma Phi. As an Alpha Omega Alpha scholar, he completed a one-year neuroscience research fellowship with Dr. Alan Faden at the University of California, San Francisco. He served a one-year internship at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School followed by a neurology residency at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he performed neuroimaging research with Dr. John Mazziotta. He then completed a neuroimaging fellowship at the Dent Neurologic Institute. He previously served as Neurology Residency Program Director and Neuroimaging Fellowship Program Director at the University at Buffalo-SUNY.

He received the 1998 William H. Oldendorf Award for neuroimaging research. He has served as Chair of the Neuroimaging Section of the American Academy of Neurology, President of the American Society of Neuroimaging, Associate Editor of the journal Neurotherapeutics, and Treasurer of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics. He is a Fellow of the American Neurological Association and a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology. In 2010, he received an honorary Master of Arts degree from Harvard University. In 2013, he was named to the Jack, Sadie and David Breakstone Endowed Chair at Harvard Medical School.

In 2015, he began his appointment as Editor-in-chief of the Journal of Neuroimaging.

Dr. Bakshi has delivered more than 200 invited academic lectures and authored more than 200 peer-reviewed articles.

Dr. Bakshi’s publications are available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?orig_db=PubMed&db=pubmed&cmd=Search&defaultField=Title%20Word&term=bakshi%20r[auth]


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Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Yousuf F, Dupuy SL, Tauhid S, Chu R, Kim G, Tummala S, Khalid F, Weiner HL, Chitnis T, Healy BC, Bakshi R. A two-year study using cerebral gray matter volume to assess the response to fingolimod therapy in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2017 Oct 16. PMID: 29146095.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Oh J, Bakshi R, Calabresi PA, Crainiceanu C, Henry RG, Nair G, Papinutto N, Constable RT, Reich DS, Pelletier D, Rooney W, Schwartz D, Tagge I, Shinohara RT, Simon JH, Sicotte NL. The NAIMS cooperative pilot project: Design, implementation and future directions. Mult Scler. 2017 Oct 01; 1352458517739990. PMID: 29106329.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Chu R, Hurwitz S, Tauhid S, Bakshi R. Automated segmentation of cerebral deep gray matter from MRI scans: effect of field strength on sensitivity and reliability. BMC Neurol. 2017 Sep 05; 17(1):172. PMID: 28874119.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Diaz-Cruz C, Chua AS, Malik MT, Kaplan T, Glanz BI, Egorova S, Guttmann CRG, Bakshi R, Weiner HL, Healy BC, Chitnis T. The effect of alcohol and red wine consumption on clinical and MRI outcomes in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2017 Oct; 17:47-53. PMID: 29055473.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Rothhammer V, Borucki DM, Garcia Sanchez MI, Mazzola MA, Hemond CC, Regev K, Paul A, Kivisäkk P, Bakshi R, Izquierdo G, Weiner HL, Quintana FJ. Dynamic regulation of serum aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists in MS. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2017 Jul; 4(4):e359. PMID: 28642887.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Papinutto N, Bakshi R, Bischof A, Calabresi PA, Caverzasi E, Constable RT, Datta E, Kirkish G, Nair G, Oh J, Pelletier D, Pham DL, Reich DS, Rooney W, Roy S, Schwartz D, Shinohara RT, Sicotte NL, Stern WA, Tagge I, Tauhid S, Tummala S, Henry RG. Gradient nonlinearity effects on upper cervical spinal cord area measurement from 3D T1 -weighted brain MRI acquisitions. Magn Reson Med. 2017 Jun 15. PMID: 28617996.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Han XM, Tian HJ, Han Z, Zhang C, Liu Y, Gu JB, Bakshi R, Cao X. Correlation between white matter damage and gray matter lesions in multiple sclerosis patients. Neural Regen Res. 2017 May; 12(5):787-794. PMID: 28616036.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Tummala S, Singhal T, Oommen VV, Kim G, Khalid F, Healy BC, Bakshi R. Spinal Cord as an Adjunct to Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Defining "No Evidence of Disease Activity" in Multiple Sclerosis. Int J MS Care. 2017 May-Jun; 19(3):158-164. PMID: 28603465.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Zhao Y, Healy BC, Rotstein D, Guttmann CR, Bakshi R, Weiner HL, Brodley CE, Chitnis T. Exploration of machine learning techniques in predicting multiple sclerosis disease course. PLoS One. 2017; 12(4):e0174866. PMID: 28379999.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Healy BC, Buckle GJ, Ali EN, Egorova S, Khalid F, Tauhid S, Glanz BI, Chitnis T, Guttmann CRG, Weiner HL, Bakshi R. Characterizing Clinical and MRI Dissociation in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2017 Sep; 27(5):481-485. PMID: 28261936.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Regev K, Healy BC, Khalid F, Paul A, Chu R, Tauhid S, Tummala S, Diaz-Cruz C, Raheja R, Mazzola MA, von Glehn F, Kivisakk P, Dupuy SL, Kim G, Chitnis T, Weiner HL, Gandhi R, Bakshi R. Association Between Serum MicroRNAs and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measures of Multiple Sclerosis Severity. JAMA Neurol. 2017 Mar 01; 74(3):275-285. PMID: 28114622.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Kim G, Chu R, Yousuf F, Tauhid S, Stazzone L, Houtchens MK, Stankiewicz JM, Severson C, Kimbrough D, Quintana FJ, Chitnis T, Weiner HL, Healy BC, Bakshi R. Sample size requirements for one-year treatment effects using deep gray matter volume from 3T MRI in progressive forms of multiple sclerosis. Int J Neurosci. 2017 Nov; 127(11):971-980. PMID: 28100092.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Zurawski J, Lassmann H, Bakshi R. Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Visualize Leptomeningeal Inflammation in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: A Review. JAMA Neurol. 2017 Jan 01; 74(1):100-109. PMID: 27893883.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Berkovich R, Bakshi R, Amezcua L, Axtell RC, Cen SY, Tauhid S, Neema M, Steinman L. Adrenocorticotropic hormone versus methylprednisolone added to interferon ß in patients with multiple sclerosis experiencing breakthrough disease: a randomized, rater-blinded trial. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2017 Jan; 10(1):3-17. PMID: 28450891.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Dupuy SL, Tauhid S, Hurwitz S, Chu R, Yousuf F, Bakshi R. The Effect of Dimethyl Fumarate on Cerebral Gray Matter Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis. Neurol Ther. 2016 Dec; 5(2):215-229. PMID: 27744504.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Dupuy SL, Khalid F, Healy BC, Bakshi S, Neema M, Tauhid S, Bakshi R. The effect of intramuscular interferon beta-1a on spinal cord volume in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. BMC Med Imaging. 2016 Oct 05; 16(1):56. PMID: 27716096.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Singhal T, Tauhid S, Hurwitz S, Neema M, Bakshi R. The Effect of Glatiramer Acetate on Spinal Cord Volume in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2017 01; 27(1):33-36. PMID: 27466943.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Yousuf F, Kim G, Tauhid S, Glanz BI, Chu R, Tummala S, Healy BC, Bakshi R. The Contribution of Cortical Lesions to a Composite MRI Scale of Disease Severity in Multiple Sclerosis. Front Neurol. 2016; 7:99. PMID: 27445966; PMCID: PMC4925661.
  19. Khalid F, Tauhid S, Chua AS, Healy BC, Stankiewicz JM, Weiner HL, Bakshi R. A longitudinal uncontrolled study of cerebral gray matter volume in patients receiving natalizumab for multiple sclerosis. Int J Neurosci. 2017 May; 127(5):396-403. PMID: 27143245.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Keshavan A, Paul F, Beyer MK, Zhu AH, Papinutto N, Shinohara RT, Stern W, Amann M, Bakshi R, Bischof A, Carriero A, Comabella M, Crane JC, D'Alfonso S, Demaerel P, Dubois B, Filippi M, Fleischer V, Fontaine B, Gaetano L, Goris A, Graetz C, Gröger A, Groppa S, Hafler DA, Harbo HF, Hemmer B, Jordan K, Kappos L, Kirkish G, Llufriu S, Magon S, Martinelli-Boneschi F, McCauley JL, Montalban X, Mühlau M, Pelletier D, Pattany PM, Pericak-Vance M, Cournu-Rebeix I, Rocca MA, Rovira A, Schlaeger R, Saiz A, Sprenger T, Stecco A, Uitdehaag BMJ, Villoslada P, Wattjes MP, Weiner H, Wuerfel J, Zimmer C, Zipp F, Hauser SL, Oksenberg JR, Henry RG. Power estimation for non-standardized multisite studies. Neuroimage. 2016 Jul 01; 134:281-294. PMID: 27039700.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Bakshi R, Yeste A, Patel B, Tauhid S, Tummala S, Rahbari R, Chu R, Regev K, Kivisäkk P, Weiner HL, Quintana FJ. Serum lipid antibodies are associated with cerebral tissue damage in multiple sclerosis. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2016 Apr; 3(2):e200. PMID: 26894204; PMCID: PMC4747479.
  22. Greenberg SJ, Zivadinov R, Lee-Kwen P, Sharma J, Planter M, Umhauer M, Glenister N, Bakshi R. Fludarabine add-on therapy in interferon-beta-treated patients with multiple sclerosis experiencing breakthrough disease. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2016 Mar; 9(2):105-17. PMID: 27006698; PMCID: PMC4784253.
  23. Kim G, Tauhid S, Dupuy SL, Tummala S, Khalid F, Healy BC, Bakshi R. An MRI-defined measure of cerebral lesion severity to assess therapeutic effects in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol. 2016 Mar; 263(3):531-8. PMID: 26754005; PMCID: PMC4785194.
  24. Oommen VV, Tauhid S, Healy BC, Chua AS, Malik MT, Diaz-Cruz C, Dupuy SL, Weiner HL, Chitnis T, Bakshi R. The Effect of Fingolimod on Conversion of Acute Gadolinium-Enhancing Lesions to Chronic T1 Hypointensities in Multiple Sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2016 Mar-Apr; 26(2):184-7. PMID: 26445919.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Kim G, Khalid F, Oommen VV, Tauhid S, Chu R, Horsfield MA, Healy BC, Bakshi R. T1- vs. T2-based MRI measures of spinal cord volume in healthy subjects and patients with multiple sclerosis. BMC Neurol. 2015 Jul 31; 15:124. PMID: 26227960; PMCID: PMC4521382.
  26. Tauhid S, Chu R, Sasane R, Glanz BI, Neema M, Miller JR, Kim G, Signorovitch JE, Healy BC, Chitnis T, Weiner HL, Bakshi R. Brain MRI lesions and atrophy are associated with employment status in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Neurol. 2015 Nov; 262(11):2425-32. PMID: 26205635; PMCID: PMC4639581.
  27. Chua AS, Egorova S, Anderson MC, Polgar-Turcsanyi M, Chitnis T, Weiner HL, Guttmann CR, Bakshi R, Healy BC. Handling changes in MRI acquisition parameters in modeling whole brain lesion volume and atrophy data in multiple sclerosis subjects: Comparison of linear mixed-effect models. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 8:606-10. PMID: 26199872; PMCID: PMC4506959.
  28. Chu R, Tauhid S, Glanz BI, Healy BC, Kim G, Oommen VV, Khalid F, Neema M, Bakshi R. Whole Brain Volume Measured from 1.5T versus 3T MRI in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2016 Jan-Feb; 26(1):62-7. PMID: 26118637; PMCID: PMC4755143.
  29. Chua AS, Egorova S, Anderson MC, Polgar-Turcsanyi M, Chitnis T, Weiner HL, Guttmann CR, Bakshi R, Healy BC. Using multiple imputation to efficiently correct cerebral MRI whole brain lesion and atrophy data in patients with multiple sclerosis. Neuroimage. 2015 Oct 01; 119:81-8. PMID: 26093330.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Dupuy SL, Tauhid S, Kim G, Chu R, Tummala S, Hurwitz S, Bakshi R. MRI detection of hypointense brain lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis: T1 spin-echo vs. gradient-echo. Eur J Radiol. 2015 Aug; 84(8):1564-1568. PMID: 26044294.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Bakshi R. The new Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Neuroimaging: Rohit Bakshi. J Neuroimaging. 2015 Jan-Feb; 25(1):1. PMID: 25581480.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Dell'Oglio E, Ceccarelli A, Glanz BI, Healy BC, Tauhid S, Arora A, Saravanan N, Bruha MJ, Vartanian AV, Dupuy SL, Benedict RH, Bakshi R, Neema M. Quantification of global cerebral atrophy in multiple sclerosis from 3T MRI using SPM: the role of misclassification errors. J Neuroimaging. 2015 Mar-Apr; 25(2):191-9. PMID: 25523616; PMCID: PMC4409073.
  33. Bakshi R, Neema M, Tauhid S, Healy BC, Glanz BI, Kim G, Miller J, Berkowitz JL, Bove R, Houtchens MK, Severson C, Stankiewicz JM, Stazzone L, Chitnis T, Guttmann CR, Weiner HL, Ceccarelli A. An expanded composite scale of MRI-defined disease severity in multiple sclerosis: MRDSS2. Neuroreport. 2014 Oct 01; 25(14):1156-61. PMID: 25100554; PMCID: PMC4166046.
  34. Mayo L, Trauger SA, Blain M, Nadeau M, Patel B, Alvarez JI, Mascanfroni ID, Yeste A, Kivisäkk P, Kallas K, Ellezam B, Bakshi R, Prat A, Antel JP, Weiner HL, Quintana FJ. Regulation of astrocyte activation by glycolipids drives chronic CNS inflammation. Nat Med. 2014 Oct; 20(10):1147-56. PMID: 25216636; PMCID: PMC4255949.
  35. Tauhid S, Neema M, Healy BC, Weiner HL, Bakshi R. MRI phenotypes based on cerebral lesions and atrophy in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2014 Nov 15; 346(1-2):250-4. PMID: 25220114.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Cavallari M, Ceccarelli A, Wang GY, Moscufo N, Hannoun S, Matulis CR, Jackson JS, Glanz BI, Bakshi R, Neema M, Guttmann CR. Microstructural changes in the striatum and their impact on motor and neuropsychological performance in patients with multiple sclerosis. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e101199. PMID: 25047083; PMCID: PMC4105540.
  37. Klawiter EC, Ceccarelli A, Arora A, Jackson J, Bakshi S, Kim G, Miller J, Tauhid S, von Gizycki C, Bakshi R, Neema M. Corpus callosum atrophy correlates with gray matter atrophy in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2015 Jan-Feb; 25(1):62-7. PMID: 24816394; PMCID: PMC4265578.
  38. Bakshi R. The new era of multiple sclerosis therapeutics. Neurotherapeutics. 2013 Jan; 10(1):1. PMID: 23238890; PMCID: PMC3557361.
  39. Ceccarelli A, Bakshi R, Neema M. MRI in multiple sclerosis: a review of the current literature. Curr Opin Neurol. 2012 Aug; 25(4):402-9. PMID: 22691759.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Moodie J, Healy BC, Buckle GJ, Gauthier SA, Glanz BI, Arora A, Ceccarelli A, Tauhid S, Han XM, Venkataraman A, Chitnis T, Khoury SJ, Guttmann CR, Weiner HL, Neema M, Bakshi R. Magnetic resonance disease severity scale (MRDSS) for patients with multiple sclerosis: a longitudinal study. J Neurol Sci. 2012 Apr 15; 315(1-2):49-54. PMID: 22209496; PMCID: PMC3319060.
  41. Healy BC, Arora A, Hayden DL, Ceccarelli A, Tauhid SS, Neema M, Bakshi R. Approaches to normalization of spinal cord volume: application to multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2012 Jul; 22(3):e12-9. PMID: 21854479; PMCID: PMC3290735.
  42. Madhuranthakam AJ, Sarkar SN, Busse RF, Bakshi R, Alsop DC. Optimized double inversion recovery for reduction of T1 weighting in fluid-attenuated inversion recovery. Magn Reson Med. 2012 Jan; 67(1):81-8. PMID: 21590725.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Stankiewicz JM, Glanz BI, Healy BC, Arora A, Neema M, Benedict RH, Guss ZD, Tauhid S, Buckle GJ, Houtchens MK, Khoury SJ, Weiner HL, Guttmann CR, Bakshi R. Brain MRI lesion load at 1.5T and 3T versus clinical status in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2011 Apr; 21(2):e50-6. PMID: 19888926; PMCID: PMC3043123.
  44. Holland CM, Charil A, Csapo I, Liptak Z, Ichise M, Khoury SJ, Bakshi R, Weiner HL, Guttmann CR. The relationship between normal cerebral perfusion patterns and white matter lesion distribution in 1,249 patients with multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2012 Apr; 22(2):129-36. PMID: 21447022.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Cohen AB, Neema M, Arora A, Dell'oglio E, Benedict RH, Tauhid S, Goldberg-Zimring D, Chavarro-Nieto C, Ceccarelli A, Klein JP, Stankiewicz JM, Houtchens MK, Buckle GJ, Alsop DC, Guttmann CR, Bakshi R. The relationships among MRI-defined spinal cord involvement, brain involvement, and disability in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2012 Apr; 22(2):122-8. PMID: 21447024; PMCID: PMC3128174.
  46. Liguori M, Meier DS, Hildenbrand P, Healy BC, Chitnis T, Baruch NF, Khoury SJ, Weiner HL, Bakshi R, Barkhof F, Guttmann CR. One year activity on subtraction MRI predicts subsequent 4 year activity and progression in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011 Oct; 82(10):1125-31. PMID: 21429902.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Mike A, Glanz BI, Hildenbrand P, Meier D, Bolden K, Liguori M, Dell'Oglio E, Healy BC, Bakshi R, Guttmann CR. Identification and clinical impact of multiple sclerosis cortical lesions as assessed by routine 3T MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Mar; 32(3):515-21. PMID: 21310857.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Healy BC, Engler D, Gholipour T, Weiner H, Bakshi R, Chitnis T. Accounting for disease modifying therapy in models of clinical progression in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2011 Apr 15; 303(1-2):109-13. PMID: 21251671.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Neema M, Bakshi R. Update in neuroimaging. Neurotherapeutics. 2011 Jan; 8(1):2. PMID: 21274680; PMCID: PMC3075739.
  50. Khoury S, Bakshi R. Cerebral pseudoatrophy or real atrophy after therapy in multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol. 2010 Dec; 68(6):778-9. PMID: 21194148.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Faden AI, Bakshi R, Rogawski MA. Neurotherapeutics to publish primary research papers. Neurotherapeutics. 2010 Jul; 7(3):229. PMID: 20643373.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Horsfield MA, Sala S, Neema M, Absinta M, Bakshi A, Sormani MP, Rocca MA, Bakshi R, Filippi M. Rapid semi-automatic segmentation of the spinal cord from magnetic resonance images: application in multiple sclerosis. Neuroimage. 2010 Apr 01; 50(2):446-55. PMID: 20060481; PMCID: PMC2830007.
  53. Glanz BI, Healy BC, Rintell DJ, Jaffin SK, Bakshi R, Weiner HL. The association between cognitive impairment and quality of life in patients with early multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2010 Mar 15; 290(1-2):75-9. PMID: 19944429.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Ceccarelli A, Rocca MA, Neema M, Martinelli V, Arora A, Tauhid S, Ghezzi A, Comi G, Bakshi R, Filippi M. Deep gray matter T2 hypointensity is present in patients with clinically isolated syndromes suggestive of multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2010 Jan; 16(1):39-44. PMID: 19965516.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Sampat MP, Berger AM, Healy BC, Hildenbrand P, Vass J, Meier DS, Chitnis T, Weiner HL, Bakshi R, Guttmann CR. Regional white matter atrophy--based classification of multiple sclerosis in cross-sectional and longitudinal data. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Oct; 30(9):1731-9. PMID: 19696139; PMCID: PMC2821733.
  56. Stosic M, Ambrus J, Garg N, Weinstock-Guttman B, Ramanathan M, Kalman B, Minagar A, Munschauer FE, Galey TM, Hussein S, Bakshi R, Zivadinov R. MRI characteristics of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome and multiple sclerosis. J Neurol. 2010 Jan; 257(1):63-71. PMID: 19633967.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Healy BC, Ali EN, Guttmann CR, Chitnis T, Glanz BI, Buckle G, Houtchens M, Stazzone L, Moodie J, Berger AM, Duan Y, Bakshi R, Khoury S, Weiner H, Ascherio A. Smoking and disease progression in multiple sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 2009 Jul; 66(7):858-64. PMID: 19597087; PMCID: PMC2754172.
  58. Gauthier SA, Glanz BI, Mandel M, Tsagkaropoulos A, Neema M, Stankiewicz J, Arora A, Duan Y, Liptak Z, Egorova S, Buckle GJ, Bakshi R, Guttmann CR, Khoury SJ, Weiner HL. Incidence and factors associated with treatment failure in the CLIMB multiple sclerosis cohort study. J Neurol Sci. 2009 Sep 15; 284(1-2):116-9. PMID: 19428028.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Stankiewicz JM, Neema M, Alsop DC, Healy BC, Arora A, Buckle GJ, Chitnis T, Guttmann CR, Hackney D, Bakshi R. Spinal cord lesions and clinical status in multiple sclerosis: A 1.5 T and 3 T MRI study. J Neurol Sci. 2009 Apr 15; 279(1-2):99-105. PMID: 19178916; PMCID: PMC2679653.
  60. Neema M, Guss ZD, Stankiewicz JM, Arora A, Healy BC, Bakshi R. Normal findings on brain fluid-attenuated inversion recovery MR images at 3T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 May; 30(5):911-6. PMID: 19369605; PMCID: PMC3003332.
  61. Neema M, Goldberg-Zimring D, Guss ZD, Healy BC, Guttmann CR, Houtchens MK, Weiner HL, Horsfield MA, Hackney DB, Alsop DC, Bakshi R. 3 T MRI relaxometry detects T2 prolongation in the cerebral normal-appearing white matter in multiple sclerosis. Neuroimage. 2009 Jul 01; 46(3):633-41. PMID: 19281850; PMCID: PMC2974316.
  62. Healy B, Valsasina P, Filippi M, Bakshi R. Sample size requirements for treatment effects using gray matter, white matter and whole brain volume in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009 Nov; 80(11):1218-23. PMID: 19204021; PMCID: PMC2846617.
  63. Gauthier SA, Berger AM, Liptak Z, Duan Y, Egorova S, Buckle GJ, Glanz BI, Khoury SJ, Bakshi R, Weiner HL, Guttmann CR. Rate of brain atrophy in benign vs early multiple sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 2009 Feb; 66(2):234-7. PMID: 19204160.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Healy BC, Hayden DL, Sampat MP, Bakshi R, Guttmann CR. Unbiased treatment effect estimates by modeling the disease process of multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2009 Mar 15; 278(1-2):54-9. PMID: 19121526.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Bakshi R. Neuroimaging advances. Highlights from the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Neuroimaging, January 22-25, 2009, Orlando, FL. Rev Neurol Dis. 2009; 6(2):E68-71. PMID: 19587633.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Neema M, Arora A, Healy BC, Guss ZD, Brass SD, Duan Y, Buckle GJ, Glanz BI, Stazzone L, Khoury SJ, Weiner HL, Guttmann CR, Bakshi R. Deep gray matter involvement on brain MRI scans is associated with clinical progression in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2009 Jan; 19(1):3-8. PMID: 19192042; PMCID: PMC2762230.
  67. Bakshi R, Neema M, Healy BC, Liptak Z, Betensky RA, Buckle GJ, Gauthier SA, Stankiewicz J, Meier D, Egorova S, Arora A, Guss ZD, Glanz B, Khoury SJ, Guttmann CR, Weiner HL. Predicting clinical progression in multiple sclerosis with the magnetic resonance disease severity scale. Arch Neurol. 2008 Nov; 65(11):1449-53. PMID: 19001162; PMCID: PMC2762216.
  68. Weinstock-Guttman B, Bhasi K, Badgett D, Tamaño-Blanco M, Minhas M, Feichter J, Patrick K, Munschauer F, Bakshi R, Ramanathan M. Genomic effects of once-weekly, intramuscular interferon-beta1a treatment after the first dose and on chronic dosing: Relationships to 5-year clinical outcomes in multiple sclerosis patients. J Neuroimmunol. 2008 Dec 15; 205(1-2):113-25. PMID: 18950872.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Arora A, Neema M, Stankiewicz J, Guss ZD, Guss JG, Prockop L, Bakshi R. Neuroimaging of toxic and metabolic disorders. Semin Neurol. 2008 Sep; 28(4):495-510. PMID: 18843577.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Bakshi R. Neuroimaging essentials for the clinician. Semin Neurol. 2008 Sep; 28(4):393-4. PMID: 18843568.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Bakshi R, Thompson AJ, Rocca MA, Pelletier D, Dousset V, Barkhof F, Inglese M, Guttmann CR, Horsfield MA, Filippi M. MRI in multiple sclerosis: current status and future prospects. Lancet Neurol. 2008 Jul; 7(7):615-25. PMID: 18565455; PMCID: PMC2586926.
  72. Liptak Z, Berger AM, Sampat MP, Charil A, Felsovalyi O, Healy BC, Hildenbrand P, Khoury SJ, Weiner HL, Bakshi R, Guttmann CR. Medulla oblongata volume: a biomarker of spinal cord damage and disability in multiple sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Sep; 29(8):1465-70. PMID: 18556361.
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  73. Wasay M, Bakshi R, Bobustuc G, Kojan S, Sheikh Z, Dai A, Cheema Z. Cerebral venous thrombosis: analysis of a multicenter cohort from the United States. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008 Mar-Apr; 17(2):49-54. PMID: 18346644.
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  74. Duan Y, Hildenbrand PG, Sampat MP, Tate DF, Csapo I, Moraal B, Bakshi R, Barkhof F, Meier DS, Guttmann CR. Segmentation of subtraction images for the measurement of lesion change in multiple sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):340-6. PMID: 18272569.
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  75. Brass SD, Zivadinov R, Bakshi R. Acute demyelinating optic neuritis: a review. Front Biosci. 2008 Jan 01; 13:2376-90. PMID: 17981719.
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  76. Horsfield MA, Bakshi R, Rovaris M, Rocca MA, Dandamudi VS, Valsasina P, Judica E, Lucchini F, Guttmann CR, Sormani MP, Filippi M. Incorporating domain knowledge into the fuzzy connectedness framework: application to brain lesion volume estimation in multiple sclerosis. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2007 Dec; 26(12):1670-80. PMID: 18092737.
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  77. Gaines JJ, Gavett RA, Lynch JJ, Bakshi R, Benedict RH. New error type and recall consistency indices for the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised: performance in healthy adults and multiple sclerosis patients. Clin Neuropsychol. 2008 Sep; 22(5):851-63. PMID: 17935000.
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  78. Neema M, Stankiewicz J, Arora A, Guss ZD, Bakshi R. MRI in multiple sclerosis: what's inside the toolbox? Neurotherapeutics. 2007 Oct; 4(4):602-17. PMID: 17920541.
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  79. Houtchens MK, Benedict RH, Killiany R, Sharma J, Jaisani Z, Singh B, Weinstock-Guttman B, Guttmann CR, Bakshi R. Thalamic atrophy and cognition in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2007 Sep 18; 69(12):1213-23. PMID: 17875909.
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  80. Janardhan V, Suri S, Bakshi R. Multiple sclerosis: hyperintense lesions in the brain on nonenhanced T1-weighted MR images evidenced as areas of T1 shortening. Radiology. 2007 Sep; 244(3):823-31. PMID: 17690319.
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  81. Stankiewicz J, Panter SS, Neema M, Arora A, Batt CE, Bakshi R. Iron in chronic brain disorders: imaging and neurotherapeutic implications. Neurotherapeutics. 2007 Jul; 4(3):371-86. PMID: 17599703; PMCID: PMC1963417.
  82. Hendrix CW, Fuchs EJ, Macura KJ, Lee LA, Parsons TL, Bakshi RP, Khan WA, Guidos A, Leal JP, Wahl R. Quantitative imaging and sigmoidoscopy to assess distribution of rectal microbicide surrogates. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Jan; 83(1):97-105. PMID: 17507921.
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  83. Tekok-Kilic A, Benedict RH, Weinstock-Guttman B, Dwyer MG, Carone D, Srinivasaraghavan B, Yella V, Abdelrahman N, Munschauer F, Bakshi R, Zivadinov R. Independent contributions of cortical gray matter atrophy and ventricle enlargement for predicting neuropsychological impairment in multiple sclerosis. Neuroimage. 2007 Jul 15; 36(4):1294-300. PMID: 17524670.
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  84. Neema M, Stankiewicz J, Arora A, Dandamudi VS, Batt CE, Guss ZD, Al-Sabbagh A, Bakshi R. T1- and T2-based MRI measures of diffuse gray matter and white matter damage in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2007 Apr; 17 Suppl 1:16S-21S. PMID: 17425729.
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  85. Pirko I, Lucchinetti CF, Sriram S, Bakshi R. Gray matter involvement in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2007 Feb 27; 68(9):634-42. PMID: 17325269.
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  86. Bakshi R. Advances in neuroimaging technology: state of the art. Rev Neurol Dis. 2007; 4(2):97-9. PMID: 17609642.
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  87. Wasay M, Bakshi R, Dai A, Roach S. Local thrombolytic treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis in three paediatric patients. J Pak Med Assoc. 2006 Nov; 56(11):555-6. PMID: 17183991.
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  88. Sharma J, Zivadinov R, Jaisani Z, Fabiano AJ, Singh B, Horsfield MA, Bakshi R. A magnetization transfer MRI study of deep gray matter involvement in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2006 Oct; 16(4):302-10. PMID: 17032378.
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  89. Brass SD, Benedict RH, Weinstock-Guttman B, Munschauer F, Bakshi R. Cognitive impairment is associated with subcortical magnetic resonance imaging grey matter T2 hypointensity in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2006 Aug; 12(4):437-44. PMID: 16900757.
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  90. Weinstock-Guttman B, Ramanathan M, Lincoff N, Napoli SQ, Sharma J, Feichter J, Bakshi R. Study of mitoxantrone for the treatment of recurrent neuromyelitis optica (Devic disease). Arch Neurol. 2006 Jul; 63(7):957-63. PMID: 16831964.
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  91. Sanfilipo MP, Benedict RH, Weinstock-Guttman B, Bakshi R. Gray and white matter brain atrophy and neuropsychological impairment in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2006 Mar 14; 66(5):685-92. PMID: 16534104.
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  92. Brass SD, Chen NK, Mulkern RV, Bakshi R. Magnetic resonance imaging of iron deposition in neurological disorders. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Feb; 17(1):31-40. PMID: 17179895.
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  93. Bermel RA, Bakshi R. The measurement and clinical relevance of brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis. Lancet Neurol. 2006 Feb; 5(2):158-70. PMID: 16426992.
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  94. Kinkel RP, Kollman C, O'Connor P, Murray TJ, Simon J, Arnold D, Bakshi R, Weinstock-Gutman B, Brod S, Cooper J, Duquette P, Eggenberger E, Felton W, Fox R, Freedman M, Galetta S, Goodman A, Guarnaccia J, Hashimoto S, Horowitz S, Javerbaum J, Kasper L, Kaufman M, Kerson L, Mass M, Rammohan K, Reiss M, Rolak L, Rose J, Scott T, Selhorst J, Shin R, Smith C, Stuart W, Thurston S, Wall M. IM interferon beta-1a delays definite multiple sclerosis 5 years after a first demyelinating event. Neurology. 2006 Mar 14; 66(5):678-84. PMID: 16436649.
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  95. Giglio P, Bednarczyk EM, Weiss K, Bakshi R. Syncope and head CT scans in the emergency department. Emerg Radiol. 2005 Dec; 12(1-2):44-6. PMID: 16292675.
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  96. Smith DR, Weinstock-Guttman B, Cohen JA, Wei X, Gutmann C, Bakshi R, Olek M, Stone L, Greenberg S, Stuart D, Orav J, Stuart W, Weiner H. A randomized blinded trial of combination therapy with cyclophosphamide in patients-with active multiple sclerosis on interferon beta. Mult Scler. 2005 Oct; 11(5):573-82. PMID: 16193896.
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  97. Bermel RA, Puli SR, Rudick RA, Weinstock-Guttman B, Fisher E, Munschauer FE, Bakshi R. Prediction of longitudinal brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis by gray matter magnetic resonance imaging T2 hypointensity. Arch Neurol. 2005 Sep; 62(9):1371-6. PMID: 16157744; PMCID: PMC1435740.
  98. Benedict RH, Zivadinov R, Carone DA, Weinstock-Guttman B, Gaines J, Maggiore C, Sharma J, Tomassi MA, Bakshi R. Regional lobar atrophy predicts memory impairment in multiple sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Aug; 26(7):1824-31. PMID: 16091537.
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  99. Fabiano AJ, Horsfield MA, Bakshi R. Interhemispheric asymmetry of brain diffusivity in normal individuals: a diffusion-weighted MR imaging study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 May; 26(5):1089-94. PMID: 15891165.
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  100. Sanfilipo MP, Benedict RH, Sharma J, Weinstock-Guttman B, Bakshi R. The relationship between whole brain volume and disability in multiple sclerosis: a comparison of normalized gray vs. white matter with misclassification correction. Neuroimage. 2005 Jul 15; 26(4):1068-77. PMID: 15961046.
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  101. Masdeu JC, Bakshi R. Neuroimaging: anything to do with neurotherapeutics? NeuroRx. 2005 Apr; 2(2):163-6. PMID: 15897943; PMCID: PMC1064984.
  102. Bakshi R, Minagar A, Jaisani Z, Wolinsky JS. Imaging of multiple sclerosis: role in neurotherapeutics. NeuroRx. 2005 Apr; 2(2):277-303. PMID: 15897951; PMCID: PMC1064992.
  103. Benedict RH, Wahlig E, Bakshi R, Fishman I, Munschauer F, Zivadinov R, Weinstock-Guttman B. Predicting quality of life in multiple sclerosis: accounting for physical disability, fatigue, cognition, mood disorder, personality, and behavior change. J Neurol Sci. 2005 Apr 15; 231(1-2):29-34. PMID: 15792817.
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  104. Bakshi R, Dandamudi VS, Neema M, De C, Bermel RA. Measurement of brain and spinal cord atrophy by magnetic resonance imaging as a tool to monitor multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2005; 15(4 Suppl):30S-45S. PMID: 16385017.
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  105. Liu L, Meier D, Polgar-Turcsanyi M, Karkocha P, Bakshi R, Guttmann CR. Multiple sclerosis medical image analysis and information management. J Neuroimaging. 2005; 15(4 Suppl):103S-117S. PMID: 16385023.
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  106. Napoli SQ, Bakshi R. Magnetic resonance imaging in multiple sclerosis. Rev Neurol Dis. 2005; 2(3):109-16. PMID: 16400309.
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  107. Bakshi R. Magnetic resonance imaging advances in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2005; 15(4 Suppl):5S-9S. PMID: 16385014.
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  108. Bakshi R, Hutton GJ, Miller JR, Radue EW. The use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis and long-term management of multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2004 Dec 14; 63(11 Suppl 5):S3-11. PMID: 15596734.
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  109. Zivadinov R, Bagnato F, Nasuelli D, Bastianello S, Bratina A, Locatelli L, Watts K, Finamore L, Grop A, Dwyer M, Catalan M, Clemenzi A, Millefiorini E, Bakshi R, Zorzon M. Short-term brain atrophy changes in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2004 Aug 30; 223(2):185-93. PMID: 15337621.
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  110. Sanfilipo MP, Benedict RH, Zivadinov R, Bakshi R. Correction for intracranial volume in analysis of whole brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis: the proportion vs. residual method. Neuroimage. 2004 Aug; 22(4):1732-43. PMID: 15275929.
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  111. Mullin P, Green G, Bakshi R. Special populations: the management of seizures in HIV-positive patients. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2004 Jul; 4(4):308-14. PMID: 15217546.
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  112. Benedict RH, Carone DA, Bakshi R. Correlating brain atrophy with cognitive dysfunction, mood disturbances, and personality disorder in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2004 Jul; 14(3 Suppl):36S-45S. PMID: 15228758.
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  113. Zivadinov R, Bakshi R. Central nervous system atrophy and clinical status in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 2004 Jul; 14(3 Suppl):27S-35S. PMID: 15228757.
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  114. Sharma J, Sanfilipo MP, Benedict RH, Weinstock-Guttman B, Munschauer FE, Bakshi R. Whole-brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis measured by automated versus semiautomated MR imaging segmentation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004 Jun-Jul; 25(6):985-96. PMID: 15205136.
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  115. Santa Maria MP, Benedict RH, Bakshi R, Coad ML, Wack D, Burkard R, Weinstock-Guttman B, Roberts S, Lockwood AH. Functional imaging during covert auditory attention in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2004 Mar 15; 218(1-2):9-15. PMID: 14759627.
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  116. Blitshteyn S, Mechtler LL, Bakshi R. Diffuse dural gadolinium MRI enhancement associated with bilateral chronic subdural hematomas. Clin Imaging. 2004 Mar-Apr; 28(2):90-2. PMID: 15050219.
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  117. Benedict RH, Weinstock-Guttman B, Fishman I, Sharma J, Tjoa CW, Bakshi R. Prediction of neuropsychological impairment in multiple sclerosis: comparison of conventional magnetic resonance imaging measures of atrophy and lesion burden. Arch Neurol. 2004 Feb; 61(2):226-30. PMID: 14967771.
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  118. Ionita C, Wasay M, Balos L, Bakshi R. MR imaging in toxoplasmosis encephalitis after bone marrow transplantation: paucity of enhancement despite fulminant disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004 Feb; 25(2):270-3. PMID: 14970029.
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  119. Zivadinov R, Bakshi R. Role of MRI in multiple sclerosis II: brain and spinal cord atrophy. Front Biosci. 2004 Jan 01; 9:647-64. PMID: 14766398.
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  120. Bakshi R. Neuroimaging of HIV and AIDS related illnesses: a review. Front Biosci. 2004 Jan 01; 9:632-46. PMID: 14766397.
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  121. Fishman I, Benedict RH, Bakshi R, Priore R, Weinstock-Guttman B. Construct validity and frequency of euphoria sclerotica in multiple sclerosis. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2004; 16(3):350-6. PMID: 15377743.
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  122. Kamran S, Bener AB, Alper D, Bakshi R. Role of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery in the diagnosis of meningitis: comparison with contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2004 Jan-Feb; 28(1):68-72. PMID: 14716235.
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  123. Zivadinov R, Bakshi R. Role of MRI in multiple sclerosis I: inflammation and lesions. Front Biosci. 2004 Jan 01; 9:665-83. PMID: 14766399.
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  124. Weinstock-Guttman B, Bakshi R. Combination therapy for multiple sclerosis: the treatment strategy of the future? CNS Drugs. 2004; 18(12):777-92. PMID: 15377168.
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  125. Susac JO, Murtagh FR, Egan RA, Berger JR, Bakshi R, Lincoff N, Gean AD, Galetta SL, Fox RJ, Costello FE, Lee AG, Clark J, Layzer RB, Daroff RB. MRI findings in Susac's syndrome. Neurology. 2003 Dec 23; 61(12):1783-7. PMID: 14694047.
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  126. Horsfield MA, Rovaris M, Rocca MA, Rossi P, Benedict RH, Filippi M, Bakshi R. Whole-brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis measured by two segmentation processes from various MRI sequences. J Neurol Sci. 2003 Dec 15; 216(1):169-77. PMID: 14607319.
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  127. Fabiano AJ, Sharma J, Weinstock-Guttman B, Munschauer FE, Benedict RH, Zivadinov R, Bakshi R. Thalamic involvement in multiple sclerosis: a diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging study. J Neuroimaging. 2003 Oct; 13(4):307-14. PMID: 14569822.
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  128. Benedict RH, Fishman I, McClellan MM, Bakshi R, Weinstock-Guttman B. Validity of the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2003 Aug; 9(4):393-6. PMID: 12926845.
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  129. Bakshi R, Alexandrov AV, Gomez CR, Masdeu JC. Neuroimaging curriculum for neurology trainees: report from the Neuroimaging Section of the AAN. J Neuroimaging. 2003 Jul; 13(3):215-7. PMID: 12889166.
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  130. Wasay M, Kheleani BA, Moolani MK, Zaheer J, Pui M, Hasan S, Muzaffar S, Bakshi R, Sarawari AR. Brain CT and MRI findings in 100 consecutive patients with intracranial tuberculoma. J Neuroimaging. 2003 Jul; 13(3):240-7. PMID: 12889171.
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  131. Weinstock-Guttman B, Jacobs LD, Brownscheidle CM, Baier M, Rea DF, Apatoff BR, Blitz KM, Coyle PK, Frontera AT, Goodman AD, Gottesman MH, Herbert J, Holub R, Lava NS, Lenihan M, Lusins J, Mihai C, Miller AE, Perel AB, Snyder DH, Bakshi R, Granger CV, Greenberg SJ, Jubelt B, Krupp L, Munschauer FE, Rubin D, Schwid S, Smiroldo J. Multiple sclerosis characteristics in African American patients in the New York State Multiple Sclerosis Consortium. Mult Scler. 2003 Jun; 9(3):293-8. PMID: 12814178.
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  132. Zhang LX, Bakshi R, Fine E, Moser HW. Clinical and electrophysiological improvement of adrenomyeloneuropathy with steroid treatment. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003 Jun; 74(6):822-3. PMID: 12754367; PMCID: PMC1738478.
  133. Bakshi R. Fatigue associated with multiple sclerosis: diagnosis, impact and management. Mult Scler. 2003 Jun; 9(3):219-27. PMID: 12814166.
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  134. Bermel RA, Sharma J, Tjoa CW, Puli SR, Bakshi R. A semiautomated measure of whole-brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 2003 Apr 15; 208(1-2):57-65. PMID: 12639726.
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  135. Xavier AR, Qureshi AI, Kirmani JF, Yahia AM, Bakshi R. Neuroimaging of stroke: a review. South Med J. 2003 Apr; 96(4):367-79. PMID: 12916556.
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  136. Bermel RA, Innus MD, Tjoa CW, Bakshi R. Selective caudate atrophy in multiple sclerosis: a 3D MRI parcellation study. Neuroreport. 2003 Mar 03; 14(3):335-9. PMID: 12634479.
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  137. Kuperan S, Ostrow P, Landi MK, Bakshi R. Acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis vs ADEM: FLAIR MRI and neuropathology findings. Neurology. 2003 Feb 25; 60(4):721-2. PMID: 12601124.
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  138. Janardhan V, Bakshi R. Quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis: the impact of fatigue and depression. J Neurol Sci. 2002 Dec 15; 205(1):51-8. PMID: 12409184.
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  139. Dubey N, Miletich RS, Wasay M, Mechtler LL, Bakshi R. Role of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the diagnosis of neurosarcoidosis. J Neurol Sci. 2002 Dec 15; 205(1):77-81. PMID: 12409188.
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  140. Murthy SN, Faden HS, Cohen ME, Bakshi R. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis in children. Pediatrics. 2002 Aug; 110(2 Pt 1):e21. PMID: 12165620.
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  141. Wasay M, Bakshi R, Bobustuc G, Dubey N, Cheema Z, Dai A. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in superior sagittal sinus thrombosis. J Neuroimaging. 2002 Jul; 12(3):267-9. PMID: 12116746.
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  142. Bhojo AK, Akhter N, Bakshi R, Wasay M. Thoracic myelopathy complicating acute meningococcal meningitis: MRI findings. Am J Med Sci. 2002 May; 323(5):263-5. PMID: 12018669.
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  143. Bermel RA, Bakshi R, Tjoa C, Puli SR, Jacobs L. Bicaudate ratio as a magnetic resonance imaging marker of brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 2002 Feb; 59(2):275-80. PMID: 11843699.
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  144. Benedict RH, Bakshi R, Simon JH, Priore R, Miller C, Munschauer F. Frontal cortex atrophy predicts cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2002; 14(1):44-51. PMID: 11884654.
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  145. Giglio P, Bakshi R, Block S, Ostrow P, Pullicino PM. Primary central nervous system lymphoma masquerading as herpes encephalitis: clinical, magnetic resonance imaging, and pathologic findings. Am J Med Sci. 2002 Jan; 323(1):59-61. PMID: 11814145.
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  146. Bakshi R, Benedict RH, Bermel RA, Caruthers SD, Puli SR, Tjoa CW, Fabiano AJ, Jacobs L. T2 hypointensity in the deep gray matter of patients with multiple sclerosis: a quantitative magnetic resonance imaging study. Arch Neurol. 2002 Jan; 59(1):62-8. PMID: 11790232.
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  147. Weinstock A, Giglio P, Cohen ME, Bakshi R, Januario J, Balos L. Diffuse magnetic resonance imaging white-matter changes in a 15-year-old boy with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy. J Child Neurol. 2002 Jan; 17(1):47-9. PMID: 11913571.
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  148. Wasay M, Bakshi R, Kojan S, Bobustuc G, Dubey N, Unwin DH. Nonrandomized comparison of local urokinase thrombolysis versus systemic heparin anticoagulation for superior sagittal sinus thrombosis. Stroke. 2001 Oct; 32(10):2310-7. PMID: 11588319.
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  149. Bakshi R, Lerner A, Fritz JV, Sambuchi GD. Vascular compression in trigeminal neuralgia shown by magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography image registration. Arch Neurol. 2001 Aug; 58(8):1290-1. PMID: 11493171.
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  150. Block SA, Bakshi R. FLAIR MRI of striatonigral degeneration. Neurology. 2001 May 08; 56(9):1200. PMID: 11342686.
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  151. Bakshi R, Ariyaratana S, Benedict RH, Jacobs L. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging detects cortical and juxtacortical multiple sclerosis lesions. Arch Neurol. 2001 May; 58(5):742-8. PMID: 11346369.
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  152. Bakshi R, Benedict RH, Bermel RA, Jacobs L. Regional brain atrophy is associated with physical disability in multiple sclerosis: semiquantitative magnetic resonance imaging and relationship to clinical findings. J Neuroimaging. 2001 Apr; 11(2):129-36. PMID: 11296581.
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  153. Dubey N, Bakshi R, Wasay M, Dmochowski J. Early computed tomography hypodensity predicts hemorrhage after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator in acute ischemic stroke. J Neuroimaging. 2001 Apr; 11(2):184-8. PMID: 11296590.
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  154. Bakshi R. Solitary inflammatory demyelination in the brain or spinal cord with tumor-like MRI presentations. Arch Neurol. 2001 Apr; 58(4):677. PMID: 11296006.
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  155. Bakshi R, Dmochowski J, Shaikh ZA, Jacobs L. Gray matter T2 hypointensity is related to plaques and atrophy in the brains of multiple sclerosis patients. J Neurol Sci. 2001 Mar 15; 185(1):19-26. PMID: 11266686.
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  156. Bakshi R. Diffusion-weighted MRI as an evolving standard of care in acute stroke. Neurology. 2000 Nov 28; 55(10):1595. PMID: 11094132.
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  157. Bakshi R, Morcos MF, Gabryel TF, Dandona P. Is fluid-attenuated inversion recovery MRI more sensitive than conventional MRI for hypoglycemic brain injury? Neurology. 2000 Oct 10; 55(7):1064-5. PMID: 11061278.
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  158. Janardhan V, Bakshi R. Quality of life and its relationship to brain lesions and atrophy on magnetic resonance images in 60 patients with multiple sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 2000 Oct; 57(10):1485-91. PMID: 11030802.
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  159. Shaikh ZA, Bakshi R, Wasay M, Dai A, Gosy E. Magnetic resonance imaging findings in bilateral Bell's palsy. J Neuroimaging. 2000 Oct; 10(4):223-5. PMID: 11147402.
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  160. Block SA, Bakshi R, Kuritzky P, Kinkel WR. Hemodynamic changes in simple partial epilepsy: a functional MRI study. Neurology. 2000 Sep 12; 55(5):737-8. PMID: 10980754.
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  161. Kamran S, Bates V, Bakshi R, Wright P, Kinkel W, Miletich R. Significance of hyperintense vessels on FLAIR MRI in acute stroke. Neurology. 2000 Jul 25; 55(2):265-9. PMID: 10908902.
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  162. Shaikh ZA, Bakshi R, Greenberg SJ, Fine EJ, Shatla A, Lincoff NS. Orbital involvement as the initial manifestation of sarcoidosis: magnetic resonance imaging findings. J Neuroimaging. 2000 Jul; 10(3):180-3. PMID: 10918747.
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  163. Bakshi R, Shaikh ZA, Miletich RS, Czarnecki D, Dmochowski J, Henschel K, Janardhan V, Dubey N, Kinkel PR. Fatigue in multiple sclerosis and its relationship to depression and neurologic disability. Mult Scler. 2000 Jun; 6(3):181-5. PMID: 10871830.
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  164. Bakshi R, Czarnecki D, Shaikh ZA, Priore RL, Janardhan V, Kaliszky Z, Kinkel PR. Brain MRI lesions and atrophy are related to depression in multiple sclerosis. Neuroreport. 2000 Apr 27; 11(6):1153-8. PMID: 10817583.
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  165. Bakshi R, Caruthers SD, Janardhan V, Wasay M. Intraventricular CSF pulsation artifact on fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery MR images: analysis of 100 consecutive normal studies. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Mar; 21(3):503-8. PMID: 10730642.
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  166. Wasay M, Bakshi R, Kojan S, Bobustuc G, Dubey N. Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis due to lithium: local urokinase thrombolysis treatment. Neurology. 2000 Jan 25; 54(2):532-3. PMID: 10668740.
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  167. Bakshi R, Shaikh ZA, Janardhan V. MRI T2 shortening ('black T2') in multiple sclerosis: frequency, location, and clinical correlation. Neuroreport. 2000 Jan 17; 11(1):15-21. PMID: 10683822.
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  168. Bakshi R, Miletich RS, Henschel K, Shaikh ZA, Janardhan V, Wasay M, Stengel LM, Ekes R, Kinkel PR. Fatigue in multiple sclerosis: cross-sectional correlation with brain MRI findings in 71 patients. Neurology. 1999 Sep 22; 53(5):1151-3. PMID: 10496289.
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  169. Bakshi R, Shaikh ZA, Kamran S, Kinkel PR. MRI findings in 32 consecutive lipomas using conventional and advanced sequences. J Neuroimaging. 1999 Jul; 9(3):134-40. PMID: 10436754.
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  170. Bakshi R, Kamran S, Kinkel PR, Bates VE, Mechtler LL, Belani SL, Kinkel WR. MRI in cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage: analysis of 50 consecutive cases. Neuroradiology. 1999 Jun; 41(6):401-9. PMID: 10426214.
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  171. Bakshi R, Shaikh ZA, Bates VE, Kinkel PR. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: brain CT and MRI findings in 12 patients. Neurology. 1999 Apr 12; 52(6):1285-8. PMID: 10214762.
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  172. Bakshi R, Kamran S, Kinkel PR, Bates VE, Mechtler LL, Janardhan V, Belani SL, Kinkel WR. Fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery MR imaging in acute and subacute cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Apr; 20(4):629-36. PMID: 10319974.
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  173. Bakshi R, Wright PD, Kinkel PR, Bates VE, Mechtler LL, Kamran S, Pullicino PM, Sirotkin I, Kinkel WR. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings in bacterial endocarditis: the neuroimaging spectrum of septic brain embolization demonstrated in twelve patients. J Neuroimaging. 1999 Apr; 9(2):78-84. PMID: 10208104.
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  174. Bakshi R, Mechtler LL, Kamran S, Gosy E, Bates VE, Kinkel PR, Kinkel WR. MRI findings in lumbar puncture headache syndrome: abnormal dural-meningeal and dural venous sinus enhancement. Clin Imaging. 1999 Mar-Apr; 23(2):73-6. PMID: 10416079.
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  175. Bakshi R, Mazziotta JC, Mischel PS, Jahan R, Seligson DB, Vinters HV. Lymphomatosis cerebri presenting as a rapidly progressive dementia: clinical, neuroimaging and pathologic findings. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 1999 Mar-Apr; 10(2):152-7. PMID: 10026390.
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  176. Bakshi R, Kinkel WR, Bates VE, Mechtler LL, Kinkel PR. The cerebral intravascular enhancement sign is not specific: a contrast-enhanced MRI study. Neuroradiology. 1999 Feb; 41(2):80-5. PMID: 10090599.
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  177. Ravichandran TP, Bakshi R, Heffner RR, Gibbons KJ, Bates VE, Durante DJ, Kinkel WR. Aggressive giant pituitary adenoma presenting as a nasopharyngeal mass: magnetic resonance imaging and pathologic findings. J Neurooncol. 1999 Jan; 41(1):71-5. PMID: 10222425.
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  178. Bakshi R, Mazziotta JC. Acute middle cerebral artery thrombosis demonstrated by cranial computed tomography: the "dense MCA" sign. Arch Neurol. 1998 Dec; 55(12):1577. PMID: 9865804.
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  179. Bakshi R, Lindsay BD, Bates VE, Kinkel PR, Mechtler LL, Kinkel WR. Cerebral venous infarctions presenting as enhancing space-occupying lesions: MRI findings. J Neuroimaging. 1998 Oct; 8(4):210-5. PMID: 9780852.
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  180. Bakshi R, Miletich RS, Kinkel PR, Emmet ML, Kinkel WR. High-resolution fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography shows both global and regional cerebral hypometabolism in multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimaging. 1998 Oct; 8(4):228-34. PMID: 9780855.
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  181. Bakshi R, Fenstermaker RA, Bates VE, Ravichandran TP, Goodloe S, Kinkel WR. Neurosarcoidosis presenting as a large suprasellar mass. Magnetic resonance imaging findings. Clin Imaging. 1998 Sep-Oct; 22(5):323-6. PMID: 9755393.
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  182. Kamran S, Bakshi R. MRI in chronic toluene abuse: low signal in the cerebral cortex on T2-weighted images. Neuroradiology. 1998 Aug; 40(8):519-21. PMID: 9763341.
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  183. Bakshi R, Bates VE, Mechtler LL, Kinkel PR, Kinkel WR. Occipital lobe seizures as the major clinical manifestation of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome: magnetic resonance imaging findings. Epilepsia. 1998 Mar; 39(3):295-9. PMID: 9578048.
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  184. Bakshi R, Bates VE, Kinkel PR, Mechtler LL, Kinkel WR. Magnetic resonance imaging findings in acute cerebellitis. Clin Imaging. 1998 Mar-Apr; 22(2):79-85. PMID: 9543582.
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  185. Bakshi R, Kinkel PR, Mechtler LL, Bates VE, Lindsay BD, Esposito SE, Kinkel WR. Magnetic resonance imaging findings in 22 cases of myelitis: comparison between patients with and without multiple sclerosis. Eur J Neurol. 1998 Jan; 5(1):35-48. PMID: 10210810.
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  186. Bakshi R, Glass J, Louis DN, Hochberg FH. Magnetic resonance imaging features of solitary inflammatory brain masses. J Neuroimaging. 1998 Jan; 8(1):8-14. PMID: 9442584.
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  187. Bakshi R, Kinkel PR, Mechtler LL, Bates VE. Cerebral ventricular empyema associated with severe adult pyogenic meningitis: computed tomography findings. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 1997 Dec; 99(4):252-5. PMID: 9491299.
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  188. Bakshi R, Mechtler LL, Patel MJ, Lindsay BD, Messinger S, Gibbons KJ. Spinal leptomeningeal hemangioblastomatosis in von Hippel-Lindau disease: magnetic resonance and pathological findings. J Neuroimaging. 1997 Oct; 7(4):242-4. PMID: 9344008.
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  189. Bakshi R, Graves MC. Guillain-Barré syndrome after combined tetanus-diphtheria toxoid vaccination. J Neurol Sci. 1997 Apr 15; 147(2):201-2. PMID: 9106128.
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  190. Bakshi R, Mazziotta JC. Acute transverse myelitis after influenza vaccination: magnetic resonance imaging findings. J Neuroimaging. 1996 Oct; 6(4):248-50. PMID: 8903080.
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  191. Bakshi R. Fluoxetine and restless legs syndrome. J Neurol Sci. 1996 Oct; 142(1-2):151-2. PMID: 8902736.
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  192. Bakshi R, Yan-Go FL. Prolonged marijuana-like dysphoria after subcutaneous sumatriptan. Ann Pharmacother. 1996 Jun; 30(6):683. PMID: 8792959.
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  193. Bakshi R, Ni RX, Faden AI. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and opioid receptors mediate dynorphin-induced spinal cord injury: behavioral and histological studies. Brain Res. 1992 May 15; 580(1-2):255-64. PMID: 1380394.
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  194. Bakshi R, Ducatman AM, Hochberg FH. Glioblastomas in New England ophthalmologists. N Engl J Med. 1991 May 16; 324(20):1440-1. PMID: 1850499.
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  195. Bakshi R, Newman AH, Faden AI. Dynorphin A-(1-17) induces alterations in free fatty acids, excitatory amino acids, and motor function through an opiate-receptor-mediated mechanism. J Neurosci. 1990 Dec; 10(12):3793-800. PMID: 1980130.
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  196. Bakshi R, Faden AI. Blockade of the glycine modulatory site of NMDA receptors modifies dynorphin-induced behavioral effects. Neurosci Lett. 1990 Mar 02; 110(1-2):113-7. PMID: 1970139.
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  197. Bakshi R, Faden AI. Competitive and non-competitive NMDA antagonists limit dynorphin A-induced rat hindlimb paralysis. Brain Res. 1990 Jan 15; 507(1):1-5. PMID: 1967971.
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