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Brittany Charlton, Sc.D.

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Biography
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MAMSc05/2011Epidemiology
Harvard School of Public Health , Boston, MAScD05/2014Epidemiology

Overview
Dr. Brittany Charlton is an Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School in the Department of Population Medicine and at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in the Department of Epidemiology. She is also the Co-Director of the Harvard SOGIE (Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Expression) Health Equity Research Collaborative.

Dr. Charlton is known as a leading scholar documenting reproductive health disparities affecting sexual and gender minorities. The second focal area of her research is on contraception use and family planning among people of all sexual orientations and gender identities. Her research has sustained continuous funding for the last decade from the NIH and foundations including the American Cancer Society. She has been the Principal Investigator on 18 grants including her most recent NIH-funded R01 award focused on sexual orientation-related disparities in obstetrical and perinatal health. Additionally, she collaborates with colleagues across the globe on a host of large-scale studies. Dr. Charlton has published over 50 original research papers—more than 30 of which she has been the first or senior author—including in the BMJ, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, and American Journal of Public Health.

In addition to Dr. Charlton’s research program, she co-leads Harvard SOGIE—a 100+ member collaborative that brings together internationally-recognized experts from diverse disciplines whose research focuses on the intersections of sexual orientation, gender identity, and health. Dr. Charlton has also individually mentored more than 35 scholars including junior faculty, postdoctoral fellows, and trainees. She founded Harvard’s Postdoctoral Fellowship in LGBTQ Reproductive Health Disparities Research and she has been the primary mentor on NIH-funded career development awards. Dr. Charlton is the Course Director for a number of classes across Harvard in epidemiology and reproductive health research. In the realm of medical education, she helps to lead efforts with Harvard Medical School's Sexual and Gender Minority Health Equity Initiative—a multi-year enterprise to enhance the ability of medical school students and faculty to provide evidence-based care by integrating sexual and gender minority health content across the curriculum.

Dr. Charlton received her MSc and ScD from the Department of Epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

Research
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. R01MD015256 (CHARLTON, BRITTANY MICHELLE) May 16, 2021 - Feb 28, 2026
    NIH
    Sexual orientation-related disparities in obstetrical and perinatal health
    Role: Principal Investigator
  2. MRSG CPHPS 130006 (CHARLTON, BRITTANY MICHELLE) Jul 1, 2017 - Oct 20, 2022
    American Cancer Society
    Cancer disparities by sexual orientation
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. F32HD084000 (CHARLTON, BRITTANY MICHELLE) Jul 1, 2015 - Jun 30, 2018
    NIH
    Reproductive health disparities and sexual orientation in girls and women
    Role: Principal Investigator

Featured Content

Bibliographic
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Agénor M, Murchison GR, Najarro J, Grimshaw A, Cottrill AA, Janiak E, Gordon AR, Charlton BM. Mapping the scientific literature on reproductive health among transgender and gender diverse people: a scoping review. Sex Reprod Health Matters. 2021 Dec; 29(1):1886395. PMID: 33625311.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  2. Charlton BM, Carwile JL, Chavarro JE, DiVasta AD, Ziyadeh NJ, Austin SB. Sexual Orientation and Age at Menarche in Three U.S. Longitudinal Cohorts. J Adolesc Health. 2021 Aug 14. PMID: 34404608.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  3. Agénor M, Pérez AE, Wilhoit A, Almeda F, Charlton BM, Evans ML, Borrero S, Austin SB. Contraceptive Care Disparities Among Sexual Orientation Identity and Racial/Ethnic Subgroups of U.S. Women: A National Probability Sample Study. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Jun 15. PMID: 34129406.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  4. Tabaac AR, Sutter ME, Haneuse S, Agénor M, Bryn Austin S, Guss CE, Charlton BM. The interaction of sexual orientation and provider-patient communication on sexual and reproductive health in a sample of U.S. women of diverse sexual orientations. Patient Educ Couns. 2021 May 16. PMID: 34023174.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  5. Grimstad F, Kremen J, Shim J, Charlton BM, Boskey ER. Breakthrough Bleeding in Transgender and Gender Diverse Adolescents and Young Adults on Long-Term Testosterone. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2021 Oct; 34(5):706-716. PMID: 33910088.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  6. Solazzo AL, Arvizu M, VanKim NA, Chavarro J, Tabaac AR, Charlton BM. Variation in diet quality across sexual orientation in a cohort of U.S. women. Cancer Causes Control. 2021 Jun; 32(6):645-651. PMID: 33846853.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  7. Reynolds CA, Charlton BM. Sexual Behavior and Contraceptive Use Among Cisgender and Gender Minority College Students Who Were Assigned Female at Birth. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2021 Aug; 34(4):477-483. PMID: 33838331.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  8. Everett BG, Limburg A, Charlton BM, Downing JM, Matthews PA. Sexual Identity and Birth Outcomes: A Focus on the Moderating Role of Race-ethnicity. J Health Soc Behav. 2021 06; 62(2):183-201. PMID: 33687305.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  9. Tabaac AR, Charlton BM, Tan ASL, Cobb CO, Sutter ME. Differences in Tobacco Product Use by Sexual Orientation and Violence Factors Among United States Youth. J Pediatr. 2021 06; 233:241-248. PMID: 33577801.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  10. Reynolds CA, Beccia A, Charlton BM. Multiple marginalisation and unintended pregnancy among racial/ethnic and sexual minority college women. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2021 Jul; 35(4):493-500. PMID: 33345309.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  11. Charlton BM, Reynolds CA, Janiak E, DiVasta AD, Jones RK, Chavarro JE, Sarda V, Austin SB. Sexual orientation-related differences in contraceptive use: A brief report based on a cohort of adolescent and young women. Contraception. 2021 03; 103(3):195-198. PMID: 33189707.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  12. Calzo JP, Austin SB, Charlton BM, Missmer SA, Kathrins M, Gaskins AJ, Chavarro JE. Erectile Dysfunction in a Sample of Sexually Active Young Adult Men from a U.S. Cohort: Demographic, Metabolic and Mental Health Correlates. J Urol. 2021 02; 205(2):539-544. PMID: 32935616.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  13. Solazzo AL, Austin SB, Rosario M, Corliss HL, Charlton BM. Maternal Comfort with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People and Their Children's Drinking, Smoking, and Disordered Weight Control Behaviors as Adults. LGBT Health. 2020 10; 7(7):375-384. PMID: 32877268.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  14. Agénor M, Pérez AE, Tabaac AR, Bond KT, Charlton BM, Bowen DJ, Austin SB. Sexual Orientation Identity Disparities in Mammography Among White, Black, and Latina U.S. Women. LGBT Health. 2020 Jul 13. PMID: 32668184.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    
  15. Solazzo AL, Geller AC, Hay JL, Ziyadeh NJ, Charlton BM, Frazier AL, Austin SB. Indoor Ultraviolet Tanning Among U.S. Adolescents and Young Adults: Results From a Prospective Study of Early Onset and Persistence. J Adolesc Health. 2020 10; 67(4):609-611. PMID: 32387094.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  16. Schneider MP, Vitonis AF, Fadayomi AB, Charlton BM, Missmer SA, DiVasta AD. Quality of Life in Adolescent and Young Adult Women With Dyspareunia and Endometriosis. J Adolesc Health. 2020 10; 67(4):557-561. PMID: 32291152.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  17. Solazzo AL, Agénor M, Austin SB, Chavarro JE, Charlton BM. Sexual Orientation Differences in Cervical Cancer Prevention among a Cohort of U.S. Women. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Jul - Aug; 30(4):306-312. PMID: 32249004.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  18. Raifman J, Charlton BM, Arrington-Sanders R, Chan PA, Rusley J, Mayer KH, Stein MD, Austin SB, McConnell M. Sexual Orientation and Suicide Attempt Disparities Among US Adolescents: 2009-2017. Pediatrics. 2020 03; 145(3). PMID: 32041815.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  19. Tabaac AR, Solazzo AL, Gordon AR, Austin SB, Guss C, Charlton BM. Sexual orientation-related disparities in healthcare access in three cohorts of U.S. adults. Prev Med. 2020 03; 132:105999. PMID: 31981643.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  20. Charlton BM, Farland LV, Boehmer U, Tamimi RM, Collins LC, VanKim NA, Bertone-Johnson ER, Potter J, Sarda V, Austin SB. Sexual orientation and benign breast disease in a cohort of U.S. women. Cancer Causes Control. 2020 Feb; 31(2):173-179. PMID: 31894493.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  21. Charlton BM, Everett BG, Light A, Jones RK, Janiak E, Gaskins AJ, Chavarro JE, Moseson H, Sarda V, Austin SB. Sexual Orientation Differences in Pregnancy and Abortion Across the Lifecourse. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Mar - Apr; 30(2):65-72. PMID: 31810786.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  22. Stark B, Hughto JMW, Charlton BM, Deutsch MB, Potter J, Reisner SL. The contraceptive and reproductive history and planning goals of trans-masculine adults: a mixed-methods study. Contraception. 2019 12; 100(6):468-473. PMID: 31400297.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  23. Solazzo AL, Tabaac AR, Agénor M, Austin SB, Charlton BM. Sexual orientation inequalities during provider-patient interactions in provider encouragement of sexual and reproductive health care. Prev Med. 2019 09; 126:105787. PMID: 31374238.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  24. Charlton BM, Hatzenbuehler ML, Jun HJ, Sarda V, Gordon AR, Raifman JRG, Austin SB. Structural stigma and sexual orientation-related reproductive health disparities in a longitudinal cohort study of female adolescents. J Adolesc. 2019 07; 74:183-187. PMID: 31238178.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  25. Charlton BM, Nava-Coulter B, Coles MS, Katz-Wise SL. Teen Pregnancy Experiences of Sexual Minority Women. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2019 Oct; 32(5):499-505. PMID: 31145986.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  26. Charlton BM, Janiak E, Gaskins AJ, DiVasta AD, Jones RK, Missmer SA, Chavarro JE, Sarda V, Rosario M, Austin SB. Contraceptive use by women across different sexual orientation groups. Contraception. 2019 09; 100(3):202-208. PMID: 31082396.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  27. Chen Y, Haines J, Charlton BM, VanderWeele TJ. Positive parenting improves multiple aspects of health and well-being in young adulthood. Nat Hum Behav. 2019 07; 3(7):684-691. PMID: 31061491.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Charlton BM, Kahn JA, Sarda V, Katz-Wise SL, Spiegelman D, Missmer SA, Austin SB. Maternal Factors and Sexual Orientation-Related Disparities in Cervical Cancer Prevention. Womens Health Issues. 2019 May - Jun; 29(3):238-244. PMID: 30639277.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  29. Jones RK, Jerman J, Charlton BM. Sexual Orientation and Exposure to Violence Among U.S. Patients Undergoing Abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 09; 132(3):605-611. PMID: 30095763.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  30. Charlton BM, Gordon AR, Reisner SL, Sarda V, Samnaliev M, Austin SB. Sexual orientation-related disparities in employment, health insurance, healthcare access and health-related quality of life: a cohort study of US male and female adolescents and young adults. BMJ Open. 2018 07 26; 8(6):e020418. PMID: 30049672.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  31. Coulter RWS, Jun HJ, Calzo JP, Truong NL, Mair C, Markovic N, Charlton BM, Silvestre AJ, Stall R, Corliss HL. Sexual-orientation differences in alcohol use trajectories and disorders in emerging adulthood: results from a longitudinal cohort study in the United States. Addiction. 2018 Apr 21. PMID: 29679419.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    
  32. Charlton BM, Roberts AL, Rosario M, Katz-Wise SL, Calzo JP, Spiegelman D, Austin SB. Teen Pregnancy Risk Factors Among Young Women of Diverse Sexual Orientations. Pediatrics. 2018 04; 141(4). PMID: 29531127.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Calzo JP, Katz-Wise SL, Charlton BM, Gordon AR, Krieger N. Addressing the dearth of critical gender analysis in public health and medical pedagogy: an interdisciplinary seminar to generate student-created teaching examples. Crit Public Health. 2019; 29(1):18-26. PMID: 30778277.
    Citations:    
  34. Vargas G, Borus J, Charlton BM. Teenage pregnancy prevention: the role of young men. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2017 Aug; 29(4):393-398. PMID: 28538285.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  35. Austin SB, Gordon AR, Ziyadeh NJ, Charlton BM, Katz-Wise SL, Samnaliev M. Stigma and Health-Related Quality of Life in Sexual Minorities. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Oct; 53(4):559-566. PMID: 28756895.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  36. Charlton BM, Reisner SL, Agénor M, Gordon AR, Sarda V, Austin SB. Sexual Orientation Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in a Longitudinal Cohort of U.S. Males and Females. LGBT Health. 2017 06; 4(3):202-209. PMID: 28467238.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  37. Gordon AR, Krieger N, Okechukwu CA, Haneuse S, Samnaliev M, Charlton BM, Austin SB. Decrements in health-related quality of life associated with gender nonconformity among U.S. adolescents and young adults. Qual Life Res. 2017 08; 26(8):2129-2138. PMID: 28315179.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  38. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Spiegelman D, Williams K, Austin SB. Changes in Reported Sexual Orientation Following US States Recognition of Same-Sex Couples. Am J Public Health. 2016 Dec; 106(12):2202-2204. PMID: 27736213.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  39. Agénor M, Peitzmeier SM, Gordon AR, Charlton BM, Haneuse S, Potter J, Austin SB. Sexual orientation identity disparities in human papillomavirus vaccination initiation and completion among young adult US women and men. Cancer Causes Control. 2016 10; 27(10):1187-96. PMID: 27507284.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  40. Charlton BM, Giovannucci E, Fuchs CS, Chan AT, Lee JE, Cao Y, Missmer SA, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Willett W, Wu K, Michels KB. A prospective study of oral contraceptive use and colorectal adenomas. Cancer Causes Control. 2016 06; 27(6):749-57. PMID: 27125831.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Rosario M, Li F, Wypij D, Roberts AL, Corliss HL, Charlton BM, Frazier AL, Austin SB. Disparities by Sexual Orientation in Frequent Engagement in Cancer-Related Risk Behaviors: A 12-Year Follow-Up. Am J Public Health. 2016 Apr; 106(4):698-706. PMID: 26794176.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  42. Charlton BM, Mølgaard-Nielsen D, Svanström H, Wohlfahrt J, Pasternak B, Melbye M. Maternal use of oral contraceptives and risk of birth defects in Denmark: prospective, nationwide cohort study. BMJ. 2016 Jan 06; 352:h6712. PMID: 26738512.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  43. Charlton BM, Wu K, Zhang X, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Missmer SA, Rosner B, Hankinson SE, Willett WC, Michels KB. Oral contraceptive use and colorectal cancer in the Nurses' Health Study I and II. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Aug; 24(8):1214-21. PMID: 26063479.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  44. Charlton BM, Rich-Edwards JW, Colditz GA, Missmer SA, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Michels KB. Oral contraceptive use and mortality after 36 years of follow-up in the Nurses' Health Study: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2014 Oct 31; 349:g6356. PMID: 25361731.
    Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  45. Charlton BM, Carwile JL, Michels KB, Feldman S. A cervical abnormality risk prediction model: can we use clinical information to predict which patients with ASCUS/LSIL Pap tests will develop CIN 2/3 or AIS? J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2013 Jul; 17(3):242-7. PMID: 23486071.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Missmer SA, Rosario M, Spiegelman D, Austin SB. Sexual orientation differences in teen pregnancy and hormonal contraceptive use: an examination across 2 generations. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Sep; 209(3):204.e1-8. PMID: 23796650.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  47. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Missmer SA, Frazier AL, Rosario M, Kahn JA, Austin SB. Influence of hormonal contraceptive use and health beliefs on sexual orientation disparities in Papanicolaou test use. Am J Public Health. 2014 Feb; 104(2):319-25. PMID: 23763393.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  48. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Missmer SA, Frazier AL, Rosario M, Kahn JA, Austin SB. Reproductive health screening disparities and sexual orientation in a cohort study of U.S. adolescent and young adult females. J Adolesc Health. 2011 Nov; 49(5):505-10. PMID: 22018565.
    Citations: 37     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  49. Charlton BM. J of Sex Res. Diseased and damaged: a review of Damaged Goods? Women Living with Incurable Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2009; 4(47):405-407.
  50. Charlton BM. Sex, gender, and love on a global scale: a review of Love and Globalization: Transformations of Intimacy in the Contemporary World. J of Sex Res. 2008; 4(45):399-401.
  51. Charlton BM, Romanek J, Milgrom J. Practical progressive: how to build a twenty-first century political movement, Payne, E (ed). The conservative infrastructure. 2008.
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.