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Jessica Gerald Young, Ph.D.

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UC Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, CAPhD2007Biostatistics

I am an Associate Professor in the Department of Population Medicine at the Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and the Department of Epidemiology at the Harvard Chan School of Public Health. My research focuses on the development and application of statistical methods for making valid causal inferences in longitudinal studies with complications such as time-varying confounding, competing events and censoring. I am a Co-Investigator and Biostatistician for the Project Viva Cohort.

The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. R21AI143386 (MARCUS, JULIA L.) Jul 26, 2019 - Jun 30, 2021
    Population-Level Effects of Increasing PrEP Uptake on HIV and Bacterial STIs
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Wen L, Marcus JL, Young JG. Intervention treatment distributions that depend on the observed treatment process and model double robustness in causal survival analysis. Stat Methods Med Res. 2023 Jan 04; 9622802221146311. PMID: 36597699.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  2. Sun JW, Young JG, Sarvet AL, Bailey LC, Heerman WJ, Janicke DM, Lin PD, Toh S, Block JP. Comparison of Rates of Type 2 Diabetes in Adults and Children Treated With Anticonvulsant Mood Stabilizers. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 04 01; 5(4):e226484. PMID: 35385086; PMCID: PMC8987905.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  3. Switkowski KM, Aris IM, Gingras V, Oken E, Young JG. Estimated causal effects of complementary feeding behaviors on early childhood diet quality in a US cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 04 01; 115(4):1105-1114. PMID: 35030237; PMCID: PMC8970996.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  4. Gilsanz P, Young JG, Glymour MM, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Eng CW, Koenen KC, Kubzansky LD. Marginal Structural Models for Life-Course Theories and Social Epidemiology: Definitions, Sources of Bias, and Simulated Illustrations. Am J Epidemiol. 2022 01 24; 191(2):349-359. PMID: 34668974; PMCID: PMC8897994.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  5. McGrath S, Young JG, Hernán MA. Revisiting the g-null Paradox. Epidemiology. 2022 01 01; 33(1):114-120. PMID: 34711734; PMCID: PMC9831349.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  6. Vercammen KA, Moran AJ, Carnethon MR, McClain AC, Pool LR, Kiefe CI, Carson AP, Gordon-Larsen P, Steffen LM, Lee MM, Young JG, Rimm EB. Longitudinal Analysis of Food Insufficiency and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in the CARDIA study. Am J Prev Med. 2022 01; 62(1):65-76. PMID: 34642058; PMCID: PMC9635889.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  7. Stensrud MJ, Young JG, Martinussen T. Discussion on "Causal mediation of semicompeting risks" by Yen-Tsung Huang. Biometrics. 2021 12; 77(4):1160-1164. PMID: 34478563.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  8. Stensrud MJ, Hernán MA, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Robins JM, Didelez V, Young JG. A generalized theory of separable effects in competing event settings. Lifetime Data Anal. 2021 10; 27(4):588-631. PMID: 34468923; PMCID: PMC8536652.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  9. Young JG, Stensrud MJ. Identified Versus Interesting Causal Effects in Fertility Trials and Other Settings With Competing or Truncation Events. Epidemiology. 2021 07 01; 32(4):569-572. PMID: 34042075.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  10. Aris IM, Sarvet AL, Stensrud MJ, Neugebauer R, Li LJ, Hivert MF, Oken E, Young JG. Separating Algorithms From Questions and Causal Inference With Unmeasured Exposures: An Application to Birth Cohort Studies of Early Body Mass Index Rebound. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 07 01; 190(7):1414-1423. PMID: 33565574; PMCID: PMC8245877.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  11. Aris IM, Sordillo JE, Rifas-Shiman SL, Young JG, Gold DR, Camargo CA, Hivert MF, Oken E. Childhood patterns of overweight and wheeze and subsequent risk of current asthma and obesity in adolescence. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2021 09; 35(5):569-577. PMID: 33749887; PMCID: PMC8380670.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  12. Maley JH, Wanis KN, Young JG, Celi LA. Mortality prediction models, causal effects, and end-of-life decision making in the intensive care unit. BMJ Health Care Inform. 2020 Oct; 27(3). PMID: 33106330; PMCID: PMC7592248.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  13. Shu D, Young JG, Toh S, Wang R. Variance estimation in inverse probability weighted Cox models. Biometrics. 2021 09; 77(3):1101-1117. PMID: 32662087.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    
  14. Wen L, Young JG, Robins JM, Hernán MA. Parametric g-formula implementations for causal survival analyses. Biometrics. 2021 06; 77(2):740-753. PMID: 32588909; PMCID: PMC9044498.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  15. McGrath S, Lin V, Zhang Z, Petito LC, Logan RW, Hernán MA, Young JG. gfoRmula: An R Package for Estimating the Effects of Sustained Treatment Strategies via the Parametric g-formula. Patterns (N Y). 2020 Jun 12; 1(3). PMID: 32656541; PMCID: PMC7351102.
    Citations: 5     
  16. Chiu YH, Rifas-Shiman SL, Kleinman K, Oken E, Young JG. Effects of intergenerational exposure interventions on adolescent outcomes: An application of inverse probability weighting to longitudinal pre-birth cohort data. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2020 05; 34(3):366-375. PMID: 32162715.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  17. Li X, Klompas M, Menchaca JT, Young JG. Effects of daily treatment with acid suppressants for stress ulcer prophylaxis on risk of ventilator-associated events. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2020 02; 41(2):187-193. PMID: 31818336.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  18. Young JG, Stensrud MJ, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Hernán MA. A causal framework for classical statistical estimands in failure-time settings with competing events. Stat Med. 2020 04 15; 39(8):1199-1236. PMID: 31985089.
    Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  19. Shu D, Young JG, Toh S. Privacy-protecting estimation of adjusted risk ratios using modified Poisson regression in multi-center studies. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2019 12 05; 19(1):228. PMID: 31805872.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  20. Toh S, Rifas-Shiman SL, Lin PD, Bailey LC, Forrest CB, Horgan CE, Lunsford D, Moyneur E, Sturtevant JL, Young JG, Block JP. Privacy-protecting multivariable-adjusted distributed regression analysis for multi-center pediatric study. Pediatr Res. 2020 05; 87(6):1086-1092. PMID: 31578038; PMCID: PMC7113085.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  21. Young JG, Vatsa R, Murray EJ, Hernán MA. Interval-cohort designs and bias in the estimation of per-protocol effects: a simulation study. Trials. 2019 Sep 05; 20(1):552. PMID: 31488202; PMCID: PMC6729016.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  22. Oken E, Aris IM, Young JG. Pre-pregnancy weight and preterm birth: a causal relation? Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2019 09; 7(9):663-665. PMID: 31395507.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  23. Lin PD, Daley MF, Boone-Heinonen J, Rifas-Shiman SL, Bailey LC, Forrest CB, Horgan CE, Sturtevant JL, Toh S, Young JG, Block JP. Comparing Prescribing and Dispensing Data of the PCORnet Common Data Model Within PCORnet Antibiotics and Childhood Growth Study. EGEMS (Wash DC). 2019 Apr 12; 7(1):11. PMID: 30993145; PMCID: PMC6460498.
    Citations: 6     
  24. Heerman WJ, Daley MF, Boone-Heinonen J, Rifas-Shiman SL, Bailey LC, Forrest CB, Young JG, Gillman MW, Horgan CE, Janicke DM, Jenter C, Kharbanda EO, Lunsford D, Messito MJ, Toh S, Block JP. Maternal antibiotic use during pregnancy and childhood obesity at age 5 years. Int J Obes (Lond). 2019 06; 43(6):1202-1209. PMID: 30670848; PMCID: PMC6788789.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  25. Derks IPM, Hivert MF, Rifas-Shiman SL, Gingras V, Young JG, Jansen PW, Oken E. Associations of prenatal exposure to impaired glucose tolerance with eating in the absence of hunger in early adolescence. Int J Obes (Lond). 2019 10; 43(10):1903-1913. PMID: 30622313.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  26. Finkelstein JA, Raebel MA, Nordin JD, Lakoma M, Young JG. Trends in Outpatient Antibiotic Use in 3 Health Plans. Pediatrics. 2019 01; 143(1). PMID: 30559122; PMCID: PMC6317571.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  27. Rokoff LB, Rifas-Shiman SL, Switkowski KM, Young JG, Rosen CJ, Oken E, Fleisch AF. Body composition and bone mineral density in childhood. Bone. 2019 04; 121:9-15. PMID: 30557635; PMCID: PMC6391186.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Young JG, Logan RW, Robins JM, Hernán MA. Inverse probability weighted estimation of risk under representative interventions in observational studies. J Am Stat Assoc. 2019; 114(526):938-947. PMID: 31564760; PMCID: PMC6764781.
    Citations: 5     
  29. Li X, Young JG, Toh S. Estimating Effects of Dynamic Treatment Strategies in Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies with Time-varying Confounding: A Primer. Curr Epidemiol Rep. 2017 Dec; 4(4):288-297. PMID: 29204332; PMCID: PMC5710813.
    Citations: 4     
  30. Lin SH, Young JG, Logan R, VanderWeele TJ. Mediation analysis for a survival outcome with time-varying exposures, mediators, and confounders. Stat Med. 2017 Nov 20; 36(26):4153-4166. PMID: 28809051.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  31. Zhang Y, Young JG, Thamer M, Hernán MA. Comparing the Effectiveness of Dynamic Treatment Strategies Using Electronic Health Records: An Application of the Parametric g-Formula to Anemia Management Strategies. Health Serv Res. 2018 06; 53(3):1900-1918. PMID: 28560811.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  32. Danaei G, Robins JM, Young JG, Hu FB, Manson JE, Hernán MA. Weight Loss and Coronary Heart Disease: Sensitivity Analysis for Unmeasured Confounding by Undiagnosed Disease. Epidemiology. 2016 Mar; 27(2):302-10. PMID: 26628428.
    Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Lodi S, Phillips A, Logan R, Olson A, Costagliola D, Abgrall S, van Sighem A, Reiss P, Miró JM, Ferrer E, Justice A, Gandhi N, Bucher HC, Furrer H, Moreno S, Monge S, Touloumi G, Pantazis N, Sterne J, Young JG, Meyer L, Seng R, Dabis F, Vandehende MA, Pérez-Hoyos S, Jarrín I, Jose S, Sabin C, Hernán MA. Comparative effectiveness of immediate antiretroviral therapy versus CD4-based initiation in HIV-positive individuals in high-income countries: observational cohort study. Lancet HIV. 2015 Aug; 2(8):e335-43. PMID: 26423376; PMCID: PMC4643831.
    Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  34. Young JG, Hernan MA, Robins JM. Identification, estimation and approximation of risk under interventions that depend on the natural value of treatment using observational data. Epidemiol Methods. 2014 Dec; 3(1):1-19. PMID: 25866704; PMCID: PMC4387917.
    Citations: 24     
  35. Young JG, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ. Simulation from a known Cox MSM using standard parametric models for the g-formula. Stat Med. 2014 Mar 15; 33(6):1001-14. PMID: 24151138.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  36. Lajous M, Willett WC, Robins J, Young JG, Rimm E, Mozaffarian D, Hernán MA. Changes in fish consumption in midlife and the risk of coronary heart disease in men and women. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Aug 01; 178(3):382-91. PMID: 23813701.
    Citations: 31     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  37. Westreich D, Cole SR, Young JG, Palella F, Tien PC, Kingsley L, Gange SJ, Hernán MA. The parametric g-formula to estimate the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy on incident AIDS or death. Stat Med. 2012 Aug 15; 31(18):2000-9. PMID: 22495733.
    Citations: 61     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  38. Picciotto S, Hernán MA, Page JH, Young JG, Robins JM. Structural Nested Cumulative Failure Time Models to Estimate the Effects of Interventions. J Am Stat Assoc. 2012; 107(499). PMID: 24347749.
    Citations: 14     
  39. Young JG, Cain LE, Robins JM, O'Reilly EJ, Hernán MA. Comparative effectiveness of dynamic treatment regimes: an application of the parametric g-formula. Stat Biosci. 2011 Sep 01; 3(1):119-143. PMID: 24039638; PMCID: PMC3769803.
    Citations: 66     
  40. Young JG, Hernán MA, Picciotto S, Robins JM. Relation between three classes of structural models for the effect of a time-varying exposure on survival. Lifetime Data Anal. 2010 Jan; 16(1):71-84. PMID: 19894116.
    Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Young JG, Jewell NP, Samuels SJ. Regression analysis of a disease onset distribution using diagnosis data. Biometrics. 2008 Mar; 64(1):20-8. PMID: 17680832.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  42. Young JG, Eskenazi B, Gladstone EA, Bradman A, Pedersen L, Johnson C, Barr DB, Furlong CE, Holland NT. Association between in utero organophosphate pesticide exposure and abnormal reflexes in neonates. Neurotoxicology. 2005 Mar; 26(2):199-209. PMID: 15713341.
    Citations: 105     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.