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Rajesh Ramesh Panjabi, M.D.


Raj Panjabi is Co-Founder/CEO of Last Mile Health and Associate Physician in the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

At age 9, Dr. Panjabi escaped a civil war in his home country of Liberia. He returned as a 24- year-old medical student to serve the people he had left behind, co-founding Last Mile Health, an affiliate of the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Last Mile Health saves lives in the world's most remote communities by partnering with governments to design, scale and advocate for national networks of community health professionals. Dr. Panjabi and Last Mile Health's work has been published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, the Lancet, JAMA, and PLoS Medicine and has been featured by TIME, Fortune, Forbes, the Wall Street Journal, NPR and the New York Times.

In 2016, TIME Magazine and President Bill Clinton named Dr. Panjabi to its annual list of the “100 Most Influential People in the World”, recognizing Last Mile Health's work "to put a health care worker within reach of everyone everywhere." In 2015, Fortune Magazine named Dr. Panjabi one of the "World’s 50 Greatest Leaders," recognizing Last Mile Health's work to support Liberian Government to build a national community health workforce. Dr. Panjabi is a Forbes 400 Philanthropy Fellow, a Draper Richards Kaplan Foundation Social Entrepreneur, and an Echoing Green Fellow. He is a recipient of the Clinton Global Citizen Award, Outstanding Recent Alumni Award from Johns Hopkins, the Distinguished Young Alumni Award from the University of North Carolina, and the Global Citizen Movement Award.

Dr. Panjabi is a graduate of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, received a Masters of Public Health in epidemiology from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and trained in Internal Medicine and Primary Care as a Resident and Clinical Fellow at Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts General Hospital.

Developing a Comprehensive Survey of Maternal and Child Health Seeking Behaviors among Women in Rural Liberia
International/Summer, 06/15/12 - 08/08/12

Featured Content

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Jung AS, Haldane V, Neill R, Wu S, Jamieson M, Verma M, Tan M, De Foo C, Abdalla SM, Shrestha P, Chua AQ, Bristol N, Singh S, Bartos M, Mabuchi S, Bonk M, McNab C, Werner GK, Panjabi R, Nordström A, Legido-Quigley H. National responses to covid-19: drivers, complexities, and uncertainties in the first year of the pandemic. BMJ. 2021 11 28; 375:e068954. PMID: 34840138.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  2. Singh S, McNab C, Olson RM, Bristol N, Nolan C, Bergstrøm E, Bartos M, Mabuchi S, Panjabi R, Karan A, Abdalla SM, Bonk M, Jamieson M, Werner GK, Nordström A, Legido-Quigley H, Phelan A. How an outbreak became a pandemic: a chronological analysis of crucial junctures and international obligations in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet. 2021 12 04; 398(10316):2109-2124. PMID: 34762857; PMCID: PMC8575464.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
  3. Haldane V, De Foo C, Abdalla SM, Jung AS, Tan M, Wu S, Chua A, Verma M, Shrestha P, Singh S, Perez T, Tan SM, Bartos M, Mabuchi S, Bonk M, McNab C, Werner GK, Panjabi R, Nordström A, Legido-Quigley H. Health systems resilience in managing the COVID-19 pandemic: lessons from 28 countries. Nat Med. 2021 06; 27(6):964-980. PMID: 34002090.
    Citations: 67     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  4. Steketee RW, Choi M, Linn A, Florey L, Murphy M, Panjabi R. World Malaria Day 2021: Commemorating 15 Years of Contribution by the United States President's Malaria Initiative. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 04 23; 104(6):1955-1959. PMID: 33891560; PMCID: PMC8176495.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  5. Downey J, McKenna AH, Mendin SF, Waters A, Dunbar N, Tehmeh LG, White EE, Siedner MJ, Panjabi R, Kraemer JD, Kenny A, Ly EJ, Bass J, Huang KN, Khan MS, Uchtmann N, Agarwal A, Hirschhorn LR. Measuring Knowledge of Community Health Workers at the Last Mile in Liberia: Feasibility and Results of Clinical Vignette Assessments. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2021 03 15; 9(Suppl 1):S111-S121. PMID: 33727324.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  6. Carter A, Akseer N, Ho K, Rothschild O, Bose N, Binagwaho A, Hirschhorn LR, Price M, Muther K, Panjabi R, Freeman MC, Bednarczyk RA, Bhutta ZA. A framework for identifying and learning from countries that demonstrated exemplary performance in improving health outcomes and systems. BMJ Glob Health. 2020 12; 5(12). PMID: 33272938; PMCID: PMC7716663.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  7. O'Donovan J, Hamala R, Nalubwama M, Ameniko M, Govina G, Gray N, Panjabi R, Palazuelos D, Namanda AS. Roles for mHealth to support Community Health Workers addressing COVID-19. Glob Health Promot. 2021 03; 28(1):60-64. PMID: 33176572.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  8. Phillips DE, Bhutta ZA, Binagwaho A, Boerma T, Freeman MC, Hirschhorn LR, Panjabi R. Learning from Exemplars in Global Health: a road map for mitigating indirect effects of COVID-19 on maternal and child health. BMJ Glob Health. 2020 07; 5(7). PMID: 32737028; PMCID: PMC7397977.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  9. Ballard M, Bancroft E, Nesbit J, Johnson A, Holeman I, Foth J, Rogers D, Yang J, Nardella J, Olsen H, Raghavan M, Panjabi R, Alban R, Malaba S, Christiansen M, Rapp S, Schechter J, Aylward P, Rogers A, Sebisaho J, Ako C, Choudhury N, Westgate C, Mbeya J, Schwarz R, Bonds MH, Adamjee R, Bishop J, Yembrick A, Flood D, McLaughlin M, Palazuelos D. Prioritising the role of community health workers in the COVID-19 response. BMJ Glob Health. 2020 06; 5(6). PMID: 32503889; PMCID: PMC7298684.
    Citations: 52     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  10. White EE, Downey J, Sathananthan V, Kanjee Z, Kenny A, Waters A, Rabinowich J, Raghavan M, Dorr L, Halder A, Nyumah J, Duokie D, Boima T, Panjabi R, Siedner MJ, Kraemer JD. A Community Health Worker Intervention to Increase Childhood Disease Treatment Coverage in Rural Liberia: A Controlled Before-and-After Evaluation. Am J Public Health. 2018 09; 108(9):1252-1259. PMID: 30024811; PMCID: PMC6085010.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  11. Luckow PW, Kenny A, White E, Ballard M, Dorr L, Erlandson K, Grant B, Johnson A, Lorenzen B, Mukherjee S, Ly EJ, McDaniel A, Nowine N, Sathananthan V, Sechler GA, Kraemer JD, Siedner MJ, Panjabi R. Implementation research on community health workers' provision of maternal and child health services in rural Liberia. Bull World Health Organ. 2017 Feb 01; 95(2):113-120. PMID: 28250511; PMCID: PMC5327932.
    Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  12. Kentoffio K, Kraemer JD, Griffiths T, Kenny A, Panjabi R, Sechler GA, Selinsky S, Siedner MJ. Charting health system reconstruction in post-war Liberia: a comparison of rural vs. remote healthcare utilization. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 09 07; 16:478. PMID: 27604708.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  13. Perry HB, Dhillon RS, Liu A, Chitnis K, Panjabi R, Palazuelos D, Koffi AK, Kandeh JN, Camara M, Camara R, Nyenswah T. Community health worker programmes after the 2013-2016 Ebola outbreak. Bull World Health Organ. 2016 Jul 01; 94(7):551-3. PMID: 27429495; PMCID: PMC4933142.
    Citations: 37     Fields:    
  14. Panjabi R. Honoring the Heroes of the Ebola Epidemic. 2016.
  15. Panjabi R. Policy Monograph from 2015 Princeton-Fung Global Forum. The Bravery of Ordinary Community Health Workers was Critical to Containing Ebola in Liberia. 2016; 4.
  16. Kenny A, Basu G, Ballard M, Griffiths T, Kentoffio K, Niyonzima JB, Sechler GA, Selinsky S, Panjabi RR, Siedner MJ, Kraemer JD. Remoteness and maternal and child health service utilization in rural Liberia: A population-based survey. J Glob Health. 2015 Dec; 5(2):020401. PMID: 26207180.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    
  17. Huber BR, Panjabi R. Q&A: Serving the World's Most Remote Villages. 2015.
  18. H.E. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, H.E. Hailemariam Dessalegn, Bernice Dahn, Ray Chambers, Tim Evans, Chelsea Clinton, Paul Farmer, Joy Phumpahi, Jeffrey Walker, Henry Perry, Addis Tamire Woldemariam, Akiko Maeda, Drew von Glahn, Rajesh Panjabi, Na'im Merchant, Katy Vosburg, Daniel Palazuelos, Chunling Lu, John Simon, Jerome Pfaffmann, Daniel Brown, Austin Hearst, Phyllis Hedt, Claire Qureshi. Strengthening Primary Health Care through Community Health Workers: Investment Case and Financing Recommendations. 2015. View Publication.
  19. Panjabi R, Jeffrey Walker. Investing in Community Health Workers is Essential for Preventing the Next Ebola Epidemic. The Huffington Post. 2015.
  20. Panjabi R and Laura Solia. Investing in Community Health Workers in the World's Most Remote Villages: A Critical Strategy for Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Global Health Diplomacy. 2015; 47-49.
  21. Ly J, Waters A, Panjabi R. Liberia is Declared Ebola Free. We Can Do More. The Huffington Post. 2014.
  22. Panjabi R. Next Steps for Ebola. Doctors for America. 2014.
  23. Farmer P, Panjabi R. Ebola Does Not Need to be a Death Sentence. The Huffington Post. 2014.
  24. Panjabi R. Ebola's Legacy Can Be a Thriving Community Health System. Open Society Foundations Voices. 2014.
  25. Rajesh Panjabi. The Huffington Post. 3 People Showing Us How the War on Ebola Will Be Won -- Not Lost. 2014. View Publication.
  26. Madeleine Ballard, Alice Johnson, Raj Panjabi. . How Do You Deliver Health Care Where There Are No Roads? Make Community Health Workers Better. The Huffington Post & The Aspen Institute. 2014. View Publication.
  27. Binagwaho A, Muhimpundu MA, Bukhman G. 80 under 40 by 2020: an equity agenda for NCDs and injuries. Lancet. 2014 Jan 04; 383(9911):3-4. PMID: 24388297.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Rabinowich J, Baawo S, Ballard M, Slagle T, Massaquoi M, Dahn B, Nyenswah T, Kenny A, Mukherjee S, Johnson A, Niyonzima JB, Sechler A, Griffiths T, Basu G, Panjabi R. Reaching the unreached: Improving the performance of community health volunteers and the district health system to increase health service delivery in hard-to-reach communities in rural Liberia - the Konobo experience Poster. (311733) APHA 142nd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. 2014.
  29. Panjabi R. A Prescription for 1 Billion People: Go The Last Mile. Skoll World Forum. 2013. View Publication.
  30. Palazuelos D, Ellis K, Im DD, Peckarsky M, Schwarz D, Farmer DB, Dhillon R, Johnson A, Orihuela C, Hackett J, Bazile J, Berman L, Ballard M, Panjabi R, Ternier R, Slavin S, Lee S, Selinsky S, Mitnick CD. 5-SPICE: the application of an original framework for community health worker program design, quality improvement and research agenda setting. Glob Health Action. 2013 Apr 03; 6:19658. PMID: 23561023.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  31. Palazuelos D, Ellis K, DaEun Im D, Peckarsky M, Schwarz D, Bertrand Farmer D, Dhillon R, Johnson A, Orihuela C, Hackett J, Bazile J, Berman L, Ballard M, Panjabi R, Ternier R, Slavin S, Lee S, Selinsky S, Diane Mitnick C. 5-SPICE: the application of an original framework for community health worker program design, quality improvement and research agenda setting. Glob Health Action. 2013 Jan; 6(1):19658. PMID: 28140955.
  32. Basu S, Andrews J, Kishore S, Panjabi R, Stuckler D. Comparative performance of private and public healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. PLoS Med. 2012; 9(6):e1001244. PMID: 22723748.
    Citations: 183     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Lee PT, Kruse GR, Chan BT, Massaquoi MB, Panjabi RR, Dahn BT, Gwenigale WT. An analysis of Liberia's 2007 national health policy: lessons for health systems strengthening and chronic disease care in poor, post-conflict countries. Global Health. 2011 Oct 10; 7:37. PMID: 21985150.
    Citations: 17     Fields:    
  34. Panjabi R, Leymah Gbowee. In the Shadows of Ivory Coast's War. The Huffington Post. 2011. View Publication.
  35. Panjabi R. Ivorian Refugees Affecting Liberian Health Care. The World. Public Radio International. 2011.
  36. Finch TH, Chae SR, Shafaee MN, Siegel KR, Ali MK, Tomei R, Panjabi R, Kishore SP. Role of students in global health delivery. Mt Sinai J Med. 2011 May-Jun; 78(3):373-81. PMID: 21598264.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  37. The Community Healthy Living Survey. A Comprehensive Assessment of Basic Package of Health Services of 600 Households in Zwedru town and surrounding areas. Tiyatien Health. 2011.
  38. John D. Kraemer, Mark J. Siedner, Carlo Canepa, Valentine Sawyerr, Lindsay Kim, and Rajesh Panjabi. Effect of Community Health Worker Supplementation to ART Delivery on HIV Patient Survival and Retention in Resource-Poor, Post-Conflict Liberia. XVIII International AIDS Conference (2010). 2010. View Publication.
  39. Patrick Lee, Panjabi R. . Global Mental Health, Post-War Liberia, and the Urgent Need for Better Primary Care Systems. Harvard College Global Health Review. 2010; 1(2):14-18. View Publication.
  40. Khan AM, Janneck LM, Bhatt J, Panjabi R, Marjoua Y, Bharwani A. Building a health-peace movement: academic medicine's role in generating solutions to global problems. Acad Med. 2009 Nov; 84(11):1486. PMID: 19858797.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Emily Hyle, Roby Bhattacharya, Panjabi R. Management of HIV and Opportunistic Infections. 2009-2010 Housestaff Manual. Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. 2009; 87-90.
  42. Johnson K, Asher J, Rosborough S, Panjabi R, Beadling C, Lawry L. Association of combatant status and sexual violence with health and mental health outcomes in postconflict Liberia. Poster. Clinical Research Day, Massachusetts General Hospital. 2009.
  43. Panjabi R, Aderibigbe O, Quitoe W, Kraemer J, Logan D, Bility K, Bernice Dahn, Walter Gwenigale. Effect of Community Health Workers on Survival and Retention among HIV Patients on Antiretroviral Treatment in Resource-Poor, Post-Conflict Liberia. Poster. Clinical Research Day, Massachusetts General Hospital. 2009.
  44. Westerhaus M, Panjabi R, Mukherjee J. Violence and the role of illness narratives. Lancet. 2008 Aug 30; 372(9640):699-701. PMID: 18761209.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  45. Johnson K, Asher J, Rosborough S, Raja A, Panjabi R, Beadling C, Lawry L. Association of combatant status and sexual violence with health and mental health outcomes in postconflict Liberia. JAMA. 2008 Aug 13; 300(6):676-90. PMID: 18698066.
    Citations: 69     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. R. Panjabi, O. Aderibigbe, W. Quitoe, A. Duowolo, P. Wiakanty, A. Sunh, J. Flomo, T. Gandoh, O. Davis, S. Holkar, J. Kraemer, A. Muwan, D. Tarlue, K. Mamba, V. Gaye, M. Luogon, S. Gausa, B. Korboi, M. Desuah, N. Nowine, D. Logan, K. Bility, B. Dahn, W. Gwenigale. Towards universal outcomes: a community-based approach to improve HIV care in post-conflict Liberia. AIDS 2008 - XVII International AIDS Conference. 2008; Abstract no. CDB0306. View Publication.
  47. Panjabi R, Rahul Rajkumar, Jim Yong Kim. Universities Have a Key Role in Global Access to Medicines. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2008. View Publication.
  48. Panjabi R. In Y. Zhang (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Global Health. Thousand Oakes: Sage Publications. Onchocerciasis. 2008.
  49. Saade Abdallah, Panjabi R. In Gilbert Burnham (ed.), The Johns Hopkins and Red Cross Public Health Guide to Emergencies, 2nd Ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Control of Communicable Diseases in Emergencies. 2008; 80.
  50. Saade Abdallah, Panjabi R. In Gilbert Burnham (ed.), The Johns Hopkins and Red Cross Public Health Guide to Emergencies, 2nd Ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Epidemiology and Surveillance. 2008; 61.
  51. Panjabi R, Aderibigbe O, Quitoe W, Kraemer J, Logan D, Bility K, Dahn B, Gwenigale W. A Community-Based Approach to HIV Care in Rural Liberia: Liberia's HIV Equity Initiative. National AIDS & STI Control Program. 2007.
  52. Panjabi R, Comstock GW, Golub JE. Recurrent tuberculosis and its risk factors: adequately treated patients are still at high risk. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Aug; 11(8):828-37. PMID: 17705947.
    Citations: 52     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  53. John Kraemer and Panjabi RR. Better Ideas for Liberia. The Washington Post. 2007.
  54. Panjabi R. Violence, Blame and the Chronicity of Suffering: A View from Rural Liberia. Provisional accepted at Societies Without Borders. 2007.
  55. John Kraemer and Panjabi RR. Rights to Housing and Health: Critical Links for the Global Poor. British Medical Journal. 2007.
  56. Panjabi RR. Health in Liberia: Demography, Epidemiology and Livelihoods. The Progressive Agenda. 2005.
  57. Panjabi R. Health for the Poor. Z Magazine. 2005; 18(7/8):66-69.
  58. Panjabi R. HIV Treatment in Resource-Poor Settings: an interview with Joia Mukherjee. AIDS Bulletin. 2005; 14(3):5-9.
  59. Guerrero A and Panjabi R (ed). Security Woes Split Afghan Aid Community. Easing the Global Burden of Violence. International Federation of Medical Students Associations: Geneva. 2004; 14-15.
  60. Panjabi R. Afghan Refugees Return Home - For Better or Worse. e-VAGUS. 2003.
  61. Bisi Iderabdullah and Panjabi R. Liberia's Undeclared War - Murder, Mayhem and Abductions. The Perspective. 2003.
  62. Panjabi R. Coping with Stress: A Guide for Relief Workers. The Afghanistan Monitor. 2003; 1(1):13-15.
  63. Panjabi R. Prison Reform. The Afghanistan Monitor. 2003; 1(2):13.
  64. Panjabi R. Aid Community Struggles with Poor Security. The Afghanistan Monitor. 2003; 1(4):16-21.
  65. Panjabi RR. Health and Human Rights in the Post-Taliban Era: Conversations with Afghan Leaders. Boston: Physicians for Human Rights. 2003.
  66. Panjabi RR. Telemedicine Training for Community Health Workers. Bethel: Alaska Native Community Health Program. 2001.
  67. Panjabi R. In Y. Zhang (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Global Health. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Filiariasis.
  68. Muraguri MK, Kruk M, Panjabi R, Glennerster R, Rasanathan K, Dahn B, Marten R . What does a focus on resilience add to strengthening health systems in practice? A multi-sectoral discussion on recent experiences in West Africa. Panel abstract submitted to 4th Global Symposium on Health Systems Research (in submission #344).
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.