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profileFelipe Fregni, M.D.

TitleAssociate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology
InstitutionHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
DepartmentEpidemiology
AddressSpaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Spaulding Research Institute
96 13th St
Charlestown MA 02129
Phone617/952-6156
vCardDownload vCard (login for email)
Other Positions
TitleAssociate Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
InstitutionSpaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
DepartmentPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation


Collapse Mentoring 
Collapse completed student projects
Central and Peripheral Modulation of Pain Using Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation and Descending Noxious Inhibitory Control
Summer, 06/21/10 - 08/06/10
Effect of repetitive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on pain in chronic migraine
Summer, 06/08/07 - 08/10/07

Collapse Research 
Collapse research activities and funding
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
R01HD082302     (FREGNI, FELIPE)Aug 1, 2015 - Apr 30, 2019
NIH/NICHD
Optimizing Rehabilitation for Phantom Limb Pain Using Mirror Therapy and tDCS
Role: Principal Investigator

R21HD079048     (FREGNI, FELIPE)Sep 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2016
NIH/NICHD
Low frequency rTMS and fluoxetine for motor recovery after ischemic stroke
Role: Principal Investigator

R21DK081773     (FREGNI, FELIPE)Sep 15, 2009 - Jul 31, 2012
NIH/NIDDK
Investigation and treatment of central nervous system dysfunction in chronic pelv
Role: Principal Investigator

M01RR001032     (SUKHATME, VIKAS P)Dec 1, 1977 - Mar 31, 2010
NIH/NCRR
General Clinical Research Center
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

Collapse Bibliographic 
Collapse selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Leite J, Gonçalves ÓF, Pereira P, Khadka N, Bikson M, Fregni F, Carvalho S. The differential effects of unihemispheric and bihemispheric tDCS over the inferior frontal gyrus on proactive control. Neurosci Res. 2017 Aug 23. PMID: 28842243.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Thibaut A, Carvalho S, Morse LR, Zafonte R, Fregni F. Delayed pain decrease following M1 tDCS in spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Neurosci Lett. 2017 Aug 16; 658:19-26. PMID: 28822837.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Thibaut A, O'Brien AT, Fregni F. Strategies for replacing non-invasive brain stimulation sessions: recommendations for designing neurostimulation clinical trials. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2017 Aug; 14(8):633-649. PMID: 28681660.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Bikson M, Grossman P, Zannou AL, Kronberg G, Truong D, Boggio P, Brunoni AR, Charvet L, Fregni F, Fritsch B, Gillick B, Hamilton RH, Hampstead BM, Kirton A, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Liu A, Loo C, Nitsche MA, Reis J, Richardson JD, Rotenberg A, Turkeltaub PE, Woods AJ. Response to letter to the editor: Safety of transcranial direct current stimulation: Evidence based update 2016. Brain Stimul. 2017 Sep - Oct; 10(5):986-987. PMID: 28734680.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Brunoni AR, Moffa AH, Sampaio-Junior B, Borrione L, Moreno ML, Fernandes RA, Veronezi BP, Nogueira BS, Aparicio LVM, Razza LB, Chamorro R, Tort LC, Fraguas R, Lotufo PA, Gattaz WF, Fregni F, Benseñor IM. Trial of Electrical Direct-Current Therapy versus Escitalopram for Depression. N Engl J Med. 2017 06 29; 376(26):2523-2533. PMID: 28657871.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Antal A, Alekseichuk I, Bikson M, Brockmöller J, Brunoni AR, Chen R, Cohen LG, Dowthwaite G, Ellrich J, Flöel A, Fregni F, George MS, Hamilton R, Haueisen J, Herrmann CS, Hummel FC, Lefaucheur JP, Liebetanz D, Loo CK, McCaig CD, Miniussi C, Miranda PC, Moliadze V, Nitsche MA, Nowak R, Padberg F, Pascual-Leone A, Poppendieck W, Priori A, Rossi S, Rossini PM, Rothwell J, Rueger MA, Ruffini G, Schellhorn K, Siebner HR, Ugawa Y, Wexler A, Ziemann U, Hallett M, Paulus W. Low intensity transcranial electric stimulation: Safety, ethical, legal regulatory and application guidelines. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Sep; 128(9):1774-1809. PMID: 28709880.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Bianchi MS, Ferreira CF, Fregni F, Schestatsky P, Caumo W, Wender MCO. Transcranial direct current stimulation effects on menopausal vasomotor symptoms. Menopause. 2017 Jun 19. PMID: 28640159.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Moffa AH, Brunoni AR, Fregni F, Palm U, Padberg F, Blumberger DM, Daskalakis ZJ, Bennabi D, Haffen E, Alonzo A, Loo CK. Safety and acceptability of transcranial direct current stimulation for the acute treatment of major depressive episodes: Analysis of individual patient data. J Affect Disord. 2017 Oct 15; 221:1-5. PMID: 28623732.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Vasquez AC, Thibaut A, Morales-Quezada L, Leite J, Fregni F. Patterns of brain oscillations across different electrode montages in transcranial pulsed current stimulation. Neuroreport. 2017 May 24; 28(8):421-425. PMID: 28394781.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Leite J, Carvalho S, Battistella LR, Caumo W, Fregni F. Editorial: The Role of Primary Motor Cortex as a Marker and Modulator of Pain Control and Emotional-Affective Processing. Front Hum Neurosci. 2017; 11:270. PMID: 28588468.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Thibaut A, Simis M, Battistella LR, Fanciullacci C, Bertolucci F, Huerta-Gutierrez R, Chisari C, Fregni F. Using Brain Oscillations and Corticospinal Excitability to Understand and Predict Post-Stroke Motor Function. Front Neurol. 2017; 8:187. PMID: 28539912.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Pintucci M, Imamura M, Thibaut A, de Exel Nunes LM, Mayumi Nagato M, Kaziyama HH, Tomikawa Imamura S, Stecco A, Fregni F, Rizzo Battistella L. Evaluation of fascial manipulation in carpal tunnel syndrome: a pilot randomized clinical trial. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2017 Aug; 53(4):630-631. PMID: 28466629.
    View in: PubMed
  13. de Mello Monteiro CB, da Silva TD, de Abreu LC, Fregni F, de Araujo LV, Ferreira FHIB, Leone C. Short-term motor learning through non-immersive virtual reality task in individuals with down syndrome. BMC Neurol. 2017 Apr 14; 17(1):71. PMID: 28410583.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Leite J, Morales-Quezada L, Carvalho S, Thibaut A, Doruk D, Chen CF, Schachter SC, Rotenberg A, Fregni F. Surface EEG-Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Closed-Loop System. Int J Neural Syst. 2017 Sep; 27(6):1750026. PMID: 28587498.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Silva AF, Zortea M, Carvalho S, Leite J, Torres IL, Fregni F, Caumo W. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex modulates attention and pain in fibromyalgia: randomized clinical trial. Sci Rep. 2017 03 09; 7(1):135. PMID: 28273933.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Chen CF, Bikson M, Chou LW, Shan C, Khadka N, Chen WS, Fregni F. Higher-order power harmonics of pulsed electrical stimulation modulates corticospinal contribution of peripheral nerve stimulation. Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 03; 7:43619. PMID: 28256638.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Esmaeilpour Z, Schestatsky P, Bikson M, Brunoni AR, Pellegrinelli A, Piovesan FX, Santos MM, Menezes RB, Fregni F. Notes on Human Trials of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation between 1960 and 1998. Front Hum Neurosci. 2017; 11:71. PMID: 28280463.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Malerba P, Straudi S, Fregni F, Bazhenov M, Basaglia N. Using Biophysical Models to Understand the Effect of tDCS on Neurorehabilitation: Searching for Optimal Covariates to Enhance Poststroke Recovery. Front Neurol. 2017; 8:58. PMID: 28280482.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Russo C, Souza Carneiro MI, Bolognini N, Fregni F. Safety Review of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Stroke. Neuromodulation. 2017 Apr; 20(3):215-222. PMID: 28220641.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Huang W, Wannez S, Fregni F, Hu X, Jing S, Martens G, He M, Di H, Laureys S, Thibaut A. Repeated stimulation of the posterior parietal cortex in patients in minimally conscious state: A sham-controlled randomized clinical trial. Brain Stimul. 2017 May - Jun; 10(3):718-720. PMID: 28259543.
    View in: PubMed
  21. da Silva FT, Browne RA, Pinto CB, Saleh Velez FG, do Egito ES, do Rêgo JT, da Silva MR, Dantas PM, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation in individuals with spinal cord injury: Assessment of autonomic nervous system activity. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2017; 35(2):159-169. PMID: 28282844.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Gonçalves ÓF, Rêgo G, Oliveira-Silva P, Leite J, Carvalho S, Fregni F, Amaro E, Boggio PS. Mind wandering and the attention network system. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2017 Jan; 172:49-54. PMID: 27886519.
    View in: PubMed
  23. de Almeida Carvalho Duarte N, Collange Grecco LA, Zanon N, Galli M, Fregni F, Santos Oliveira C. Motor Cortex Plasticity in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review. J Mot Behav. 2017 Jul-Aug; 49(4):355-364. PMID: 27754798.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Thibaut A, Russo C, Morales-Quezada L, Hurtado-Puerto A, Deitos A, Freedman S, Carvalho S, Fregni F. Neural signature of tDCS, tPCS and their combination: Comparing the effects on neural plasticity. Neurosci Lett. 2017 Jan 10; 637:207-214. PMID: 27765610.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Ezquerro F, Moffa AH, Bikson M, Khadka N, Aparicio LV, de Sampaio-Junior B, Fregni F, Bensenor IM, Lotufo PA, Pereira AC, Brunoni AR. The Influence of Skin Redness on Blinding in Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Studies: A Crossover Trial. Neuromodulation. 2017 Apr; 20(3):248-255. PMID: 27704654.
    View in: PubMed
  26. San-Juan D, Espinoza López DA, Vázquez Gregorio R, Trenado C, Fernández-González Aragón M, Morales-Quezada L, Hernandez Ruiz A, Hernandez-González F, Alcaraz-Guzmán A, Anschel DJ, Fregni F. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and Hippocampal Sclerosis. Brain Stimul. 2017 Jan - Feb; 10(1):28-35. PMID: 27693237.
    View in: PubMed
  27. O'Neil-Pirozzi TM, Doruk D, Thomson JM, Fregni F. Immediate memory and electrophysiologic effects of prefrontal cortex transcranial direct current stimulation on neurotypical individuals and individuals with chronic traumatic brain injury: a pilot study. Int J Neurosci. 2017 Jul; 127(7):592-600. PMID: 27453334.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Doruk D, Simis M, Imamura M, Brunoni AR, Morales-Quezada L, Anghinah R, Fregni F, Battistella LR. Neurophysiologic Correlates of Post-stroke Mood and Emotional Control. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:428. PMID: 27625600; PMCID: PMC5003880.
  29. Grecco LA, Oliveira CS, Galli M, Cosmo C, Duarte Nde A, Zanon N, Edwards DJ, Fregni F. Spared Primary Motor Cortex and The Presence of MEP in Cerebral Palsy Dictate the Responsiveness to tDCS during Gait Training. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:361. PMID: 27486393; PMCID: PMC4949210.
  30. Caumo W, Deitos A, Carvalho S, Leite J, Carvalho F, Dussán-Sarria JA, Lopes Tarragó Mda G, Souza A, Torres IL, Fregni F. Motor Cortex Excitability and BDNF Levels in Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain According to Structural Pathology. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:357. PMID: 27471458; PMCID: PMC4946131.
  31. Yozbatiran N, Keser Z, Davis M, Stampas A, O'Malley MK, Cooper-Hay C, Frontera J, Fregni F, Francisco GE. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the primary motor cortex and robot-assisted arm training in chronic incomplete cervical spinal cord injury: A proof of concept sham-randomized clinical study. NeuroRehabilitation. 2016 Jul 15; 39(3):401-11. PMID: 27589510.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Vasquez A, Malavera A, Doruk D, Morales-Quezada L, Carvalho S, Leite J, Fregni F. Duration Dependent Effects of Transcranial Pulsed Current Stimulation (tPCS) Indexed by Electroencephalography. Neuromodulation. 2016 Oct; 19(7):679-688. PMID: 27400423.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Pinto CB, Saleh Velez FG, Bolognini N, Crandell D, Merabet LB, Fregni F. Optimizing Rehabilitation for Phantom Limb Pain Using Mirror Therapy and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial Study Protocol. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016 Jul 06; 5(3):e138. PMID: 27383993; PMCID: PMC4954918.
  34. Botelho LM, Morales-Quezada L, Rozisky JR, Brietzke AP, Torres IL, Deitos A, Fregni F, Caumo W. A Framework for Understanding the Relationship between Descending Pain Modulation, Motor Corticospinal, and Neuroplasticity Regulation Systems in Chronic Myofascial Pain. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:308. PMID: 27445748; PMCID: PMC4921500.
  35. Bikson M, Grossman P, Thomas C, Zannou AL, Jiang J, Adnan T, Mourdoukoutas AP, Kronberg G, Truong D, Boggio P, Brunoni AR, Charvet L, Fregni F, Fritsch B, Gillick B, Hamilton RH, Hampstead BM, Jankord R, Kirton A, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Liu A, Loo C, Nitsche MA, Reis J, Richardson JD, Rotenberg A, Turkeltaub PE, Woods AJ. Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Evidence Based Update 2016. Brain Stimul. 2016 Sep-Oct; 9(5):641-61. PMID: 27372845; PMCID: PMC5007190 [Available on 09/01/17].
  36. Zaninotto AL, Vicentini JE, Fregni F, Rodrigues PA, Botelho C, de Lucia MC, Paiva WS. Updates and Current Perspectives of Psychiatric Assessments after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review. Front Psychiatry. 2016; 7:95. PMID: 27378949; PMCID: PMC4906018.
  37. Tran DA, Pajaro-Blazquez M, Daneault JF, Gallegos JG, Pons J, Fregni F, Bonato P, Zafonte R. Combining Dopaminergic Facilitation with Robot-Assisted Upper Limb Therapy in Stroke Survivors: A Focused Review. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Jun; 95(6):459-74. PMID: 26829074; PMCID: PMC4866584.
  38. Malavera A, Silva FA, Fregni F, Carrillo S, Garcia RG. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Phantom Limb Pain in Land Mine Victims: A Double-Blinded, Randomized, Sham-Controlled Trial. J Pain. 2016 Aug; 17(8):911-8. PMID: 27260638; PMCID: PMC4969102 [Available on 08/01/17].
  39. Brunoni AR, Tortella G, Benseñor IM, Lotufo PA, Carvalho AF, Fregni F. Cognitive effects of transcranial direct current stimulation in depression: Results from the SELECT-TDCS trial and insights for further clinical trials. J Affect Disord. 2016 Sep 15; 202:46-52. PMID: 27253216.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Zaina F, Donzelli S, French MN, Fregni F. Ethics in rehabilitation: challenges and opportunities to promote research. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2016 Jun; 52(3):267-70. PMID: 27225193.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Aparício LV, Guarienti F, Razza LB, Carvalho AF, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. A Systematic Review on the Acceptability and Tolerability of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Treatment in Neuropsychiatry Trials. Brain Stimul. 2016 Sep-Oct; 9(5):671-81. PMID: 27261431.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Martins AR, Fregni F, Simis M, Almeida J. Neuromodulation as a cognitive enhancement strategy in healthy older adults: promises and pitfalls. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2017 Mar; 24(2):158-185. PMID: 27123674.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Brunoni AR, Moffa AH, Fregni F, Palm U, Padberg F, Blumberger DM, Daskalakis ZJ, Bennabi D, Haffen E, Alonzo A, Loo CK. Transcranial direct current stimulation for acute major depressive episodes: meta-analysis of individual patient data. Br J Psychiatry. 2016 Jun; 208(6):522-31. PMID: 27056623; PMCID: PMC4887722 [Available on 06/01/17].
  44. Tarragó Mda G, Deitos A, Brietzke AP, Vercelino R, Torres IL, Fregni F, Caumo W. Descending Control of Nociceptive Processing in Knee Osteoarthritis Is Associated With Intracortical Disinhibition: An Exploratory Study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Apr; 95(17):e3353. PMID: 27124022; PMCID: PMC4998685.
  45. Straudi S, Fregni F, Martinuzzi C, Pavarelli C, Salvioli S, Basaglia N. tDCS and Robotics on Upper Limb Stroke Rehabilitation: Effect Modification by Stroke Duration and Type of Stroke. Biomed Res Int. 2016; 2016:5068127. PMID: 27123448; PMCID: PMC4830702.
  46. Grecco LA, Oliveira CS, Duarte NA, Lima VL, Zanon N, Fregni F. Cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation in children with ataxic cerebral palsy: A sham-controlled, crossover, pilot study. Dev Neurorehabil. 2017 Apr; 20(3):142-148. PMID: 27003795.
    View in: PubMed
  47. San-Juan D, Morales-Quezada L, Garduño AJ, Alonso-Vanegas M, González-Aragón MF, López DA, Gregorio RV, Anschel DJ, Fregni F. Corrigendum to "Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Epilepsy" Brain Stimulation [8 (2015) 455-464]. Brain Stimul. 2016 May-Jun; 9(3):473. PMID: 27207766.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Mendonca ME, Simis M, Grecco LC, Battistella LR, Baptista AF, Fregni F. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Combined with Aerobic Exercise to Optimize Analgesic Responses in Fibromyalgia: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10:68. PMID: 27014012; PMCID: PMC4785149.
  49. Macedo IC, de Oliveira C, Vercelino R, Souza A, Laste G, Medeiros LF, Scarabelot VL, Nunes EA, Kuo J, Fregni F, Caumo W, Torres ILS. Repeated transcranial direct current stimulation reduces food craving in Wistar rats. Appetite. 2016 Aug 01; 103:29-37. PMID: 26972354.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Pereira LS, Müller VT, da Mota Gomes M, Rotenberg A, Fregni F. Safety of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy: A systematic review. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 Apr; 57(Pt A):167-76. PMID: 26970993.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Simis M, Di Lazzaro V, Kirton A, Pennisi G, Bella R, Kim YH, Takeuchi N, Khedr EM, Rogers LM, Harvey R, Koganemaru S, Turman B, Tarlaci S, Gagliardi RJ, Fregni F. Neurophysiological measurements of affected and unaffected motor cortex from a cross-sectional, multi-center individual stroke patient data analysis study. Neurophysiol Clin. 2016 Feb; 46(1):53-61. PMID: 26970808.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Abrão AL, Falcao DP, de Amorim RF, Bezerra AC, Pombeiro GA, Guimarães LJ, Fregni F, Silva LP, da Mota LM. Salivary proteomics: A new adjuvant approach to the early diagnosis of familial juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus. Med Hypotheses. 2016 Apr; 89:97-100. PMID: 26968919.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Morales-Quezada L, Leite J, Carvalho S, Castillo-Saavedra L, Cosmo C, Fregni F. Behavioral effects of transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS): Speed-accuracy tradeoff in attention switching task. Neurosci Res. 2016 Aug; 109:48-53. PMID: 26851768.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Imamura M, Imamura ST, Targino RA, Morales-Quezada L, Onoda Tomikawa LC, Onoda Tomikawa LG, Alfieri FM, Filippo TR, da Rocha ID, Neto RB, Fregni F, Battistella LR. Paraspinous Lidocaine Injection for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. J Pain. 2016 May; 17(5):569-76. PMID: 26828801; PMCID: PMC4910884.
  55. Brietzke AP, Rozisky JR, Dussan-Sarria JA, Deitos A, Laste G, Hoppe PF, Muller S, Torres IL, Alvares-da-Silva MR, de Amorim RF, Fregni F, Caumo W. Neuroplastic Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Painful Symptoms Reduction in Chronic Hepatitis C: A Phase II Randomized, Double Blind, Sham Controlled Trial. Front Neurosci. 2015; 9:498. PMID: 26793047; PMCID: PMC4707227.
  56. Medeiros LF, Caumo W, Dussán-Sarria J, Deitos A, Brietzke A, Laste G, Campos-Carraro C, de Souza A, Scarabelot VL, Cioato SG, Vercelino R, de Castro AL, Araújo AS, Belló-Klein A, Fregni F, Torres IL. Effect of Deep Intramuscular Stimulation and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Neurophysiological Biomarkers in Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome. Pain Med. 2016 Jan; 17(1):122-35. PMID: 26408420.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Malheiros SR, da Silva TD, Favero FM, de Abreu LC, Fregni F, Ribeiro DC, de Mello Monteiro CB. Computer task performance by subjects with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2016; 12:41-8. PMID: 26766911; PMCID: PMC4699593.
  58. Vitor-Costa M, Okuno NM, Bortolotti H, Bertollo M, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Altimari LR. Improving Cycling Performance: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Increases Time to Exhaustion in Cycling. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0144916. PMID: 26674200; PMCID: PMC4687680.
  59. Cioato SG, Medeiros LF, Marques Filho PR, Vercelino R, de Souza A, Scarabelot VL, de Oliveira C, Adachi LN, Fregni F, Caumo W, Torres IL. Long-Lasting Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in the Reversal of Hyperalgesia and Cytokine Alterations Induced by the Neuropathic Pain Model. Brain Stimul. 2016 Mar-Apr; 9(2):209-17. PMID: 26775175.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Marcondes BF, Sreepathi S, Markowski J, Nguyen D, Stock SR, Carvalho S, Tate D, Zafonte R, Morse LR, Fregni F. Pain severity and mobility one year after spinal cord injury: a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2016 Oct; 52(5):630-636. PMID: 26616359.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Woods AJ, Antal A, Bikson M, Boggio PS, Brunoni AR, Celnik P, Cohen LG, Fregni F, Herrmann CS, Kappenman ES, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Miniussi C, Miranda PC, Paulus W, Priori A, Reato D, Stagg C, Wenderoth N, Nitsche MA. A technical guide to tDCS, and related non-invasive brain stimulation tools. Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Feb; 127(2):1031-48. PMID: 26652115; PMCID: PMC4747791 [Available on 02/01/17].
  62. Bravo GL, Poje AB, Perissinotti I, Marcondes BF, Villamar MF, Manzardo AM, Luque L, LePage JF, Stafford D, Fregni F, Butler MG. Transcranial direct current stimulation reduces food-craving and measures of hyperphagia behavior in participants with Prader-Willi syndrome. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2016 Mar; 171B(2):266-75. PMID: 26590516.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Malavolta EA, Demange MK, Gobbi RG, Imamura M, Fregni F. RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIALS IN ORTHOPEDICS: DIFFICULTIES AND LIMITATIONS. Rev Bras Ortop. 2011 Jul-Aug; 46(4):452-9. PMID: 27027037; PMCID: PMC4799300.
  64. Yavari F, Shahbabaie A, Leite J, Carvalho S, Ekhtiari H, Fregni F. Noninvasive brain stimulation for addiction medicine: From monitoring to modulation. Prog Brain Res. 2016; 224:371-99. PMID: 26822367.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Deitos A, Dussán-Sarria JA, Souza Ad, Medeiros L, Tarragô Mda G, Sehn F, Chassot M, Zanette S, Schwertner A, Fregni F, Torres IL, Caumo W. Clinical Value of Serum Neuroplasticity Mediators in Identifying the Central Sensitivity Syndrome in Patients With Chronic Pain With and Without Structural Pathology. Clin J Pain. 2015 Nov; 31(11):959-67. PMID: 25551477.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Chen CF, Lin YT, Chen WS, Fregni F. Contribution of Corticospinal Modulation and Total Electrical Energy for Peripheral-Nerve-Stimulation-Induced Neuroplasticity as Indexed by Additional Muscular Force. Brain Stimul. 2016 Jan-Feb; 9(1):133-40. PMID: 26586043.
    View in: PubMed
  67. da Silva Moreira SF, Medeiros LF, de Souza A, de Oliveira C, Scarabelot VL, Fregni F, Caumo W, Torres IL. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) neuromodulatory effects on mechanical hyperalgesia and cortical BDNF levels in ovariectomized rats. Life Sci. 2016 Jan 15; 145:233-9. PMID: 26471218.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Castillo-Saavedra L, Gebodh N, Bikson M, Diaz-Cruz C, Brandao R, Coutinho L, Truong D, Datta A, Shani-Hershkovich R, Weiss M, Laufer I, Reches A, Peremen Z, Geva A, Parra LC, Fregni F. Clinically Effective Treatment of Fibromyalgia Pain With High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Phase II Open-Label Dose Optimization. J Pain. 2016 Jan; 17(1):14-26. PMID: 26456677.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Malavera A, Vasquez A, Fregni F. Novel methods to optimize the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation: a systematic review of transcranial direct current stimulation patents. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2015; 12(6):679-88. PMID: 26415093.
    View in: PubMed
  70. da Graca-Tarragó M, Deitos A, Patrícia Brietzke A, Torres IL, Cadore Stefani L, Fregni F, Caumo W. Electrical Intramuscular Stimulation in Osteoarthritis Enhances the Inhibitory Systems in Pain Processing at Cortical and Cortical Spinal System. Pain Med. 2015 Sep 23. PMID: 26398594.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Morales-Quezada L, Castillo-Saavedra L, Cosmo C, Doruk D, Sharaf I, Malavera A, Fregni F. Optimal random frequency range in transcranial pulsed current stimulation indexed by quantitative electroencephalography. Neuroreport. 2015 Sep 09; 26(13):747-52. PMID: 26154494.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Paiva WS, Neville IS, Fregni F, Teixeira MJ. Is transcranial magnetic stimulation useful in posttraumatic disorders? Neural Regen Res. 2015 Sep; 10(9):1528. PMID: 26604917; PMCID: PMC4625522.
  73. Cabral ME, Baltar A, Borba R, Galvão S, Santos L, Fregni F, Monte-Silva K. Transcranial direct current stimulation: before, during, or after motor training? Neuroreport. 2015 Aug 05; 26(11):618-22. PMID: 26049257.
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  74. Thickbroom GW, Cortes M, Rykman A, Volpe BT, Fregni F, Krebs HI, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ. Stroke subtype and motor impairment influence contralesional excitability. Neurology. 2015 Aug 11; 85(6):517-20. PMID: 26187228; PMCID: PMC4540249.
  75. Filho PR, Vercelino R, Cioato SG, Medeiros LF, de Oliveira C, Scarabelot VL, Souza A, Rozisky JR, Quevedo Ada S, Adachi LN, Sanches PR, Fregni F, Caumo W, Torres IL. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) reverts behavioral alterations and brainstem BDNF level increase induced by neuropathic pain model: Long-lasting effect. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2016 Jan 04; 64:44-51. PMID: 26160698.
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  77. Batista EK, Klauss J, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Nakamura-Palacios EM. A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Targeted Prefrontal Cortex Modulation with Bilateral tDCS in Patients with Crack-Cocaine Dependence. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2015 Jun 10; 18(12). PMID: 26065432; PMCID: PMC4675977.
  78. Chassot M, Dussan-Sarria JA, Sehn FC, Deitos A, de Souza A, Vercelino R, Torres IL, Fregni F, Caumo W. Electroacupuncture analgesia is associated with increased serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor in chronic tension-type headache: a randomized, sham controlled, crossover trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015 May 07; 15:144. PMID: 25947167; PMCID: PMC4429917.
  79. Pirolla E, Fregni F, Miura IK, Misiara AC, Almeida F, Zanoni E. Degos disease - malignant atrophic papulosis or cutaneointestinal lethal syndrome: rarity of the disease. Clin Exp Gastroenterol. 2015; 8:141-7. PMID: 25926751; PMCID: PMC4403817.
  80. Bolognini N, Spandri V, Ferraro F, Salmaggi A, Molinari AC, Fregni F, Maravita A. Immediate and Sustained Effects of 5-Day Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the Motor Cortex in Phantom Limb Pain. J Pain. 2015 Jul; 16(7):657-65. PMID: 25863170.
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  81. Suemoto CK, Ismail S, Corrêa PC, Khawaja F, Jerves T, Pesantez L, Germani AC, Zaina F, Dos Santos AC, de Oliveira Ferreira RJ, Singh P, Paulo JV, Matsubayashi SR, Vidor LP, Andretta G, Tomás R, Illigens BM, Fregni F. Five-year review of an international clinical research-training program. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2015; 6:249-57. PMID: 25878518; PMCID: PMC4386801.
  82. da Silva NR, Laste G, Deitos A, Stefani LC, Cambraia-Canto G, Torres IL, Brunoni AR, Fregni F, Caumo W. Combined neuromodulatory interventions in acute experimental pain: assessment of melatonin and non-invasive brain stimulation. Front Behav Neurosci. 2015; 9:77. PMID: 25873871; PMCID: PMC4379934.
  83. Carvalho Lima VL, Collange Grecco LA, Marques VC, Fregni F, Brandão de Ávila CR. Transcranial direct current stimulation combined with integrative speech therapy in a child with cerebral palsy: A case report. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Apr; 20(2):252-7. PMID: 27210840.
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  84. Rêgo GG, Lapenta OM, Marques LM, Costa TL, Leite J, Carvalho S, Gonçalves ÓF, Brunoni AR, Fregni F, Boggio PS. Hemispheric dorsolateral prefrontal cortex lateralization in the regulation of empathy for pain. Neurosci Lett. 2015 May 06; 594:12-6. PMID: 25805457.
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  85. Thomson JM, Doruk D, Mascio B, Fregni F, Cerruti C. Transcranial direct current stimulation modulates efficiency of reading processes. Front Hum Neurosci. 2015; 9:114. PMID: 25852513; PMCID: PMC4360704.
  86. Volz MS, Suarez-Contreras V, Portilla AL, Fregni F. Mental imagery-induced attention modulates pain perception and cortical excitability. BMC Neurosci. 2015 Mar 15; 16:15. PMID: 25887060; PMCID: PMC4387598.
  87. Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Loo CK, Brunoni AR, Marangolo P, Leite J, Carvalho S, Bolognini N, Caumo W, Paik NJ, Simis M, Ueda K, Ekhitari H, Luu P, Tucker DM, Tyler WJ, Brunelin J, Datta A, Juan CH, Venkatasubramanian G, Boggio PS, Bikson M. Regulatory Considerations for the Clinical and Research Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS): review and recommendations from an expert panel. Clin Res Regul Aff. 2015 Mar 01; 32(1):22-35. PMID: 25983531.
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  88. Spezia Adachi LN, Quevedo AS, de Souza A, Scarabelot VL, Rozisky JR, de Oliveira C, Marques Filho PR, Medeiros LF, Fregni F, Caumo W, Torres IL. Exogenously induced brain activation regulates neuronal activity by top-down modulation: conceptualized model for electrical brain stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 2015 May; 233(5):1377-89. PMID: 25665871.
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  89. Pirolla EH, de Barros Filho TE, Godoy-Santos AL, Fregni F. Association of acute pancreatitis or high level of serum pancreatic enzymes in patients with acute spinal cord injury: a prospective study. Spinal Cord. 2015 Jun; 53(6):495. PMID: 25665541.
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  90. Collange Grecco LA, de Almeida Carvalho Duarte N, Mendonça ME, Galli M, Fregni F, Oliveira CS. Effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation combined with virtual reality for improving gait in children with spastic diparetic cerebral palsy: a pilot, randomized, controlled, double-blind, clinical trial. Clin Rehabil. 2015 Dec; 29(12):1212-23. PMID: 25604912.
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  91. San-Juan D, Morales-Quezada L, Orozco Garduño AJ, Alonso-Vanegas M, González-Aragón MF, Espinoza López DA, Vázquez Gregorio R, Anschel DJ, Fregni F. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Epilepsy. Brain Stimul. 2015 May-Jun; 8(3):455-64. PMID: 25697590.
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  92. Knijnik LM, Dussán-Sarria JA, Rozisky JR, Torres IL, Brunoni AR, Fregni F, Caumo W. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Fibromyalgia: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Pain Pract. 2016 Mar; 16(3):294-304. PMID: 25581213.
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  93. Simis M, Doruk D, Imamura M, Anghinah R, Morales-Quezada L, Fregni F, Battistella LR. Neurophysiologic predictors of motor function in stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2015; 34(1):45-54. PMID: 26518670.
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  94. Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Alonso-Alonso M, Shetty RP, Ronen I, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Long-term effects of contralesional rTMS in severe stroke: safety, cortical excitability, and relationship with transcallosal motor fibers. NeuroRehabilitation. 2015; 36(1):51-9. PMID: 25547768.
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  95. Carvalho S, Gonçalves ÓF, Soares JM, Sampaio A, Macedo F, Fregni F, Leite J. Sustained Effects of a Neural-based Intervention in a Refractory Case of Tourette Syndrome. Brain Stimul. 2015 May-Jun; 8(3):657-9. PMID: 25616936.
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  96. Trinh NH, Nadler DL, Shie V, Fregni F, Gilman SE, Ryan CM, Schneider JC. Psychological sequelae of the station nightclub fire: Comparing survivors with and without physical injuries using a mixed-methods analysis. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e115013. PMID: 25536085; PMCID: PMC4275219.
  97. Morales-Quezada L, Cosmo C, Carvalho S, Leite J, Castillo-Saavedra L, Rozisky JR, Fregni F. Cognitive effects and autonomic responses to transcranial pulsed current stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 2015 Mar; 233(3):701-9. PMID: 25479736.
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  98. Carvalho S, Boggio PS, Gonçalves ÓF, Vigário AR, Faria M, Silva S, Gaudencio do Rego G, Fregni F, Leite J. Transcranial direct current stimulation based metaplasticity protocols in working memory. Brain Stimul. 2015 Mar-Apr; 8(2):289-94. PMID: 25550147.
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  99. Grimaldi G, Argyropoulos GP, Bastian A, Cortes M, Davis NJ, Edwards DJ, Ferrucci R, Fregni F, Galea JM, Hamada M, Manto M, Miall RC, Morales-Quezada L, Pope PA, Priori A, Rothwell J, Tomlinson SP, Celnik P. Cerebellar Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (ctDCS): A Novel Approach to Understanding Cerebellar Function in Health and Disease. Neuroscientist. 2016 Feb; 22(1):83-97. PMID: 25406224; PMCID: PMC4712385.
  100. Perez C, Morales-Quezada L, Fregni F. A combined therapeutic approach in stroke rehabilitation: A review on non-invasive brain stimulation plus pharmacotherapy. Int J Neurorehabil. 2014 Nov; 1(3). PMID: 28317024.
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  101. Di Lazzaro V, Dileone M, Capone F, Pellegrino G, Ranieri F, Musumeci G, Florio L, Di Pino G, Fregni F. Immediate and late modulation of interhemipheric imbalance with bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation in acute stroke. Brain Stimul. 2014 Nov-Dec; 7(6):841-8. PMID: 25458712.
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  102. Tremblay S, Lepage JF, Latulipe-Loiselle A, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Théoret H. The uncertain outcome of prefrontal tDCS. Brain Stimul. 2014 Nov-Dec; 7(6):773-83. PMID: 25456566; PMCID: PMC4342747.
  103. Volz MS, Suarez-Contreras V, Portilla AL, Illigens B, Bermpohl F, Fregni F. Movement observation-induced modulation of pain perception and motor cortex excitability. Clin Neurophysiol. 2015 Jun; 126(6):1204-11. PMID: 25308309.
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  104. Grecco LA, Duarte NA, Zanon N, Galli M, Fregni F, Oliveira CS. Effect of a single session of transcranial direct-current stimulation on balance and spatiotemporal gait variables in children with cerebral palsy: A randomized sham-controlled study. Braz J Phys Ther. 2014 Sep-Oct; 18(5):419-27. PMID: 25372004; PMCID: PMC4228627.
  105. Grecco LA, Duarte NA, Zanon N, Galli M, Fregni F, Oliveira CS. Effect of a single session of transcranial direct-current stimulation on balance and spatiotemporal gait variables in children with cerebral palsy: A randomized sham-controlled study. Braz J Phys Ther. 2014 Oct 10. PMID: 25317766.
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  106. Jensen MP, Sherlin LH, Fregni F, Gianas A, Howe JD, Hakimian S. Baseline brain activity predicts response to neuromodulatory pain treatment. Pain Med. 2014 Dec; 15(12):2055-63. PMID: 25287554; PMCID: PMC4467571.
  107. Hamner JW, Villamar MF, Fregni F, Taylor JA. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and the cardiovascular responses to acute pain in humans. Clin Neurophysiol. 2015 May; 126(5):1039-46. PMID: 25288502.
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  108. Morales-Quezada L, Saavedra LC, Rozisky J, Hadlington L, Fregni F. Intensity-dependent effects of transcranial pulsed current stimulation on interhemispheric connectivity: a high-resolution qEEG, sham-controlled study. Neuroreport. 2014 Sep 10; 25(13):1054-8. PMID: 25055142.
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  109. Souto G, Borges IC, Goes BT, de Mendonça ME, Gonçalves RG, Garcia LB, Sá KN, Coutinho MR, Galvão-Castro B, Fregni F, Baptista AF. Effects of tDCS-induced motor cortex modulation on pain in HTLV-1: a blind randomized clinical trial. Clin J Pain. 2014 Sep; 30(9):809-15. PMID: 24300224.
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  110. Doruk D, Gray Z, Bravo GL, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Effects of tDCS on executive function in Parkinson's disease. Neurosci Lett. 2014 Oct 17; 582:27-31. PMID: 25179996.
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  111. Duarte Nde A, Grecco LA, Galli M, Fregni F, Oliveira CS. Effect of transcranial direct-current stimulation combined with treadmill training on balance and functional performance in children with cerebral palsy: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e105777. PMID: 25171216; PMCID: PMC4149519.
  112. Pascoal-Faria P, Yalcin N, Fregni F. Neural markers of neuropathic pain associated with maladaptive plasticity in spinal cord injury. Pain Pract. 2015 Apr; 15(4):371-7. PMID: 25169195.
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  113. Lapenta OM, Sierve KD, de Macedo EC, Fregni F, Boggio PS. Transcranial direct current stimulation modulates ERP-indexed inhibitory control and reduces food consumption. Appetite. 2014 Dec; 83:42-8. PMID: 25128836.
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  114. Pirolla EH, de Barros Filho TE, Godoy-Santos AL, Fregni F. Association of acute pancreatitis or high level of serum pancreatic enzymes in patients with acute spinal cord injury: a prospective study. Spinal Cord. 2014 Nov; 52(11):817-20. PMID: 25112967.
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  115. Grecco LA, de Almeida Carvalho Duarte N, Mendonça ME, Cimolin V, Galli M, Fregni F, Santos Oliveira C. Transcranial direct current stimulation during treadmill training in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled double-blind clinical trial. Res Dev Disabil. 2014 Nov; 35(11):2840-8. PMID: 25105567.
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  116. Deer TR, Mekhail N, Petersen E, Krames E, Staats P, Pope J, Saweris Y, Lad SP, Diwan S, Falowski S, Feler C, Slavin K, Narouze S, Merabet L, Buvanendran A, Fregni F, Wellington J, Levy RM. The appropriate use of neurostimulation: stimulation of the intracranial and extracranial space and head for chronic pain. Neuromodulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee. Neuromodulation. 2014 Aug; 17(6):551-70; discussion 570. PMID: 25112890.
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  117. Klauss J, Penido Pinheiro LC, Silva Merlo BL, de Almeida Correia Santos G, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Miyuki Nakamura-Palacios E. A randomized controlled trial of targeted prefrontal cortex modulation with tDCS in patients with alcohol dependence. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 Nov; 17(11):1793-803. PMID: 25008145.
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  118. Shiozawa P, Silva ME, Carvalho TC, Cordeiro Q, Brunoni AR, Fregni F. Transcutaneous vagus and trigeminal nerve stimulation for neuropsychiatric disorders: a systematic review. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2014 Jul; 72(7):542-7. PMID: 25054988.
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  119. Grecco LA, E Mendonça M, Duarte NA, Zanon N, Fregni F, Oliveira CS. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Combined with Treadmill Gait Training in Delayed Neuro-psychomotor Development. J Phys Ther Sci. 2014 Jun; 26(6):945-50. PMID: 25013302; PMCID: PMC4085227.
  120. Castillo Saavedra L, Mendonca M, Fregni F. Role of the primary motor cortex in the maintenance and treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. Med Hypotheses. 2014 Sep; 83(3):332-6. PMID: 24992875.
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  121. Castillo Saavedra L, Morales-Quezada L, Doruk D, Rozinsky J, Coutinho L, Faria P, Perissinotti I, Wang QM, Fregni F. QEEG indexed frontal connectivity effects of transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS): A sham-controlled mechanistic trial. Neurosci Lett. 2014 Aug 08; 577:61-5. PMID: 24937270.
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  122. Egyhazi R, Fregni F, Bravo GL, Trinh NH, Ryan CM, Schneider JC. Chronic pain following physical and emotional trauma: the station nightclub fire. Front Neurol. 2014; 5:86. PMID: 24917849; PMCID: PMC4040492.
  123. Ulam F, Shelton C, Richards L, Davis L, Hunter B, Fregni F, Higgins K. Cumulative effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on EEG oscillations and attention/working memory during subacute neurorehabilitation of traumatic brain injury. Clin Neurophysiol. 2015 Mar; 126(3):486-96. PMID: 24947595.
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  124. Shiozawa P, Fregni F, Benseñor IM, Lotufo PA, Berlim MT, Daskalakis JZ, Cordeiro Q, Brunoni AR. Transcranial direct current stimulation for major depression: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis - ERRATUM. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 Sep; 17(9):1539. PMID: 24870958.
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  125. Dall'Agnol L, Medeiros LF, Torres IL, Deitos A, Brietzke A, Laste G, de Souza A, Vieira JL, Fregni F, Caumo W. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation increases the corticospinal inhibition and the brain-derived neurotrophic factor in chronic myofascial pain syndrome: an explanatory double-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled trial. J Pain. 2014 Aug; 15(8):845-55. PMID: 24865417.
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  126. Shahbabaie A, Golesorkhi M, Zamanian B, Ebrahimpoor M, Keshvari F, Nejati V, Fregni F, Ekhtiari H. State dependent effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on methamphetamine craving. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 Oct; 17(10):1591-8. PMID: 24825251.
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  127. Simis M, Reidler JS, Duarte Macea D, Moreno Duarte I, Wang X, Lenkinski R, Petrozza JC, Fregni F. Investigation of central nervous system dysfunction in chronic pelvic pain using magnetic resonance spectroscopy and noninvasive brain stimulation. Pain Pract. 2015 Jun; 15(5):423-32. PMID: 24799153; PMCID: PMC4216781.
  128. Conti CL, Moscon JA, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Nakamura-Palacios EM. Cognitive related electrophysiological changes induced by non-invasive cortical electrical stimulation in crack-cocaine addiction. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 Sep; 17(9):1465-75. PMID: 24776374.
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  129. Brunoni AR, Shiozawa P, Truong D, Javitt DC, Elkis H, Fregni F, Bikson M. Understanding tDCS effects in schizophrenia: a systematic review of clinical data and an integrated computation modeling analysis. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2014 Jul; 11(4):383-94. PMID: 24754366.
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  130. Fecteau S, Agosta S, Hone-Blanchet A, Fregni F, Boggio P, Ciraulo D, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of smoking and decision-making behaviors with transcranial direct current stimulation in tobacco smokers: a preliminary study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Jul 01; 140:78-84. PMID: 24814566; PMCID: PMC4242508.
  131. Shiozawa P, Fregni F, Benseñor IM, Lotufo PA, Berlim MT, Daskalakis JZ, Cordeiro Q, Brunoni AR. Transcranial direct current stimulation for major depression: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 Sep; 17(9):1443-52. PMID: 24713139.
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  132. Shiozawa P, Santos MM, Piovesan FX, Pellegrinelli A, Enokibara da Silva M, Bocato MQ, Cordeiro Q, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. Cerebral blood flow changes after transcranial direct current stimulation for a patient with schizophrenia: a case report. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2014 Apr 01; 26(2):E03-5. PMID: 24763768.
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  133. Chiavetta NM, Martins AR, Henriques IC, Fregni F. Differences in methodological quality between positive and negative published clinical trials. J Adv Nurs. 2014 Oct; 70(10):2389-403. PMID: 24660826.
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  134. Vidor LP, Torres IL, Medeiros LF, Dussán-Sarria JA, Dall'agnol L, Deitos A, Brietzke A, Laste G, Rozisky JR, Fregni F, Caumo W. Association of anxiety with intracortical inhibition and descending pain modulation in chronic myofascial pain syndrome. BMC Neurosci. 2014 Mar 19; 15:42. PMID: 24645677; PMCID: PMC3995110.
  135. Wang QM, Cui H, Han SJ, Black-Schaffer R, Volz MS, Lee YT, Herman S, Latif LA, Zafonte R, Fregni F. Combination of transcranial direct current stimulation and methylphenidate in subacute stroke. Neurosci Lett. 2014 May 21; 569:6-11. PMID: 24631567.
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  136. Couto C, de Souza IC, Torres IL, Fregni F, Caumo W. Paraspinal stimulation combined with trigger point needling and needle rotation for the treatment of myofascial pain: a randomized sham-controlled clinical trial. Clin J Pain. 2014 Mar; 30(3):214-23. PMID: 23629597.
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  137. Fidalgo TM, Morales-Quezada JL, Muzy GS, Chiavetta NM, Mendonca ME, Santana MV, Goncalves OF, Brunoni AR, Fregni F. Biological markers in noninvasive brain stimulation trials in major depressive disorder: a systematic review. J ECT. 2014 Mar; 30(1):47-61. PMID: 23845938; PMCID: PMC4260176.
  138. Azeka E, Saavedra LC, Fregni F. Clinical research in pediatric organ transplantation. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2014; 69 Suppl 1:73-5. PMID: 24860862; PMCID: PMC3884155.
  139. Jeon SY, Han SJ, Jeong JH, Fregni F. Effect of exercise on balance in persons with mild cognitive impairment. NeuroRehabilitation. 2014 Jan 01; 35(2):271-8. PMID: 24990029.
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  140. Vanneste S, Fregni F, De Ridder D. Head-to-Head Comparison of Transcranial Random Noise Stimulation, Transcranial AC Stimulation, and Transcranial DC Stimulation for Tinnitus. Front Psychiatry. 2013; 4:158. PMID: 24391599; PMCID: PMC3866637.
  141. Simis M, Bravo GL, Boggio PS, Devido M, Gagliardi RJ, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation in de novo artistic ability after stroke. Neuromodulation. 2014 Jul; 17(5):497-501. PMID: 24320745.
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  142. Simis M, Adeyemo BO, Medeiros LF, Miraval F, Gagliardi RJ, Fregni F. Motor cortex-induced plasticity by noninvasive brain stimulation: a comparison between transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroreport. 2013 Dec 04; 24(17):973-5. PMID: 24100412.
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  143. Suemoto CK, Apolinario D, Nakamura-Palacios EM, Lopes L, Leite RE, Sales MC, Nitrini R, Brucki SM, Morillo LS, Magaldi RM, Fregni F. Effects of a non-focal plasticity protocol on apathy in moderate Alzheimer's disease: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial. Brain Stimul. 2014 Mar-Apr; 7(2):308-13. PMID: 24262299.
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  144. Grecco LA, Duarte Nde A, de Mendonça ME, Pasini H, Lima VL, Franco RC, de Oliveira LV, de Carvalho Pde T, Corrêa JC, Collange NZ, Sampaio LM, Galli M, Fregni F, Oliveira CS. Effect of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with gait and mobility training on functionality in children with cerebral palsy: study protocol for a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. BMC Pediatr. 2013 Oct 11; 13:168. PMID: 24112817; PMCID: PMC3852945.
  145. Stefani LC, Muller S, Torres IL, Razzolini B, Rozisky JR, Fregni F, Markus R, Caumo W. A Phase II, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Dose-Response Trial of the Melatonin Effect on the Pain Threshold of Healthy Subjects. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e74107. PMID: 25947930; PMCID: PMC3788771.
  146. Brunoni AR, Júnior RF, Kemp AH, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM, Fregni F. Differential improvement in depressive symptoms for tDCS alone and combined with pharmacotherapy: an exploratory analysis from the Sertraline vs. Electrical Current Therapy for Treating Depression Clinical Study. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 Jan; 17(1):53-61. PMID: 24060107.
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  147. Xu J, Fregni F, Brody AL, Rahman AS. Transcranial direct current stimulation reduces negative affect but not cigarette craving in overnight abstinent smokers. Front Psychiatry. 2013; 4:112. PMID: 24065930; PMCID: PMC3778370.
  148. Andrade AC, Magnavita GM, Allegro JV, Neto CE, Lucena Rde C, Fregni F. Feasibility of transcranial direct current stimulation use in children aged 5 to 12 years. J Child Neurol. 2014 Oct; 29(10):1360-5. PMID: 24049057.
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  149. Brunoni AR, Schestatsky P, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM, Fregni F. Comparison of blinding effectiveness between sham tDCS and placebo sertraline in a 6-week major depression randomized clinical trial. Clin Neurophysiol. 2014 Feb; 125(2):298-305. PMID: 23994192.
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  150. Shiozawa P, Leiva AP, Castro CD, da Silva ME, Cordeiro Q, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. Transcranial direct current stimulation for generalized anxiety disorder: a case study. Biol Psychiatry. 2014 Jun 01; 75(11):e17-8. PMID: 23958182.
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  151. Guleyupoglu B, Schestatsky P, Edwards D, Fregni F, Bikson M. Classification of methods in transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) and evolving strategy from historical approaches to contemporary innovations. J Neurosci Methods. 2013 Oct 15; 219(2):297-311. PMID: 23954780; PMCID: PMC3833074.
  152. Bolognini N, Spandri V, Olgiati E, Fregni F, Ferraro F, Maravita A. Long-term analgesic effects of transcranial direct current stimulation of the motor cortex on phantom limb and stump pain: a case report. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2013 Oct; 46(4):e1-4. PMID: 23932177.
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  153. da Silva MC, Conti CL, Klauss J, Alves LG, do Nascimento Cavalcante HM, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Nakamura-Palacios EM. Behavioral effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) induced dorsolateral prefrontal cortex plasticity in alcohol dependence. J Physiol Paris. 2013 Dec; 107(6):493-502. PMID: 23891741.
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  154. Farfel JM, Nitrini R, Suemoto CK, Grinberg LT, Ferretti RE, Leite RE, Tampellini E, Lima L, Farias DS, Neves RC, Rodriguez RD, Menezes PR, Fregni F, Bennett DA, Pasqualucci CA, Jacob Filho W. Very low levels of education and cognitive reserve: a clinicopathologic study. Neurology. 2013 Aug 13; 81(7):650-7. PMID: 23873971; PMCID: PMC3775692.
  155. Villamar MF, Volz MS, Bikson M, Datta A, Dasilva AF, Fregni F. Technique and considerations in the use of 4x1 ring high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS). J Vis Exp. 2013 Jul 14; (77):e50309. PMID: 23893039; PMCID: PMC3735368.
  156. Wagner T, Eden U, Rushmore J, Russo CJ, Dipietro L, Fregni F, Simon S, Rotman S, Pitskel NB, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pascual-Leone A, Grodzinsky AJ, Zahn M, Valero-Cabré A. Impact of brain tissue filtering on neurostimulation fields: a modeling study. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 3:1048-57. PMID: 23850466; PMCID: PMC4063680.
  157. Volz MS, Medeiros LF, Tarragô Mda G, Vidor LP, Dall'Agnol L, Deitos A, Brietzke A, Rozisky JR, Rispolli B, Torres IL, Fregni F, Caumo W. The relationship between cortical excitability and pain catastrophizing in myofascial pain. J Pain. 2013 Oct; 14(10):1140-7. PMID: 23810270.
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  158. Schestatsky P, Morales-Quezada L, Fregni F. Simultaneous EEG monitoring during transcranial direct current stimulation. J Vis Exp. 2013 Jun 17; (76). PMID: 23851401; PMCID: PMC3727533.
  159. Brunoni AR, Kemp AH, Dantas EM, Goulart AC, Nunes MA, Boggio PS, Mill JG, Lotufo PA, Fregni F, Benseñor IM. Heart rate variability is a trait marker of major depressive disorder: evidence from the sertraline vs. electric current therapy to treat depression clinical study. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2013 Oct; 16(9):1937-49. PMID: 23759172.
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  160. Lapenta OM, Minati L, Fregni F, Boggio PS. Je pense donc je fais: transcranial direct current stimulation modulates brain oscillations associated with motor imagery and movement observation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013; 7:256. PMID: 23761755; PMCID: PMC3674333.
  161. Shiozawa P, da Silva ME, Raza R, Uchida RR, Cordeiro Q, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. Safety of repeated transcranial direct current stimulation in impaired skin: a case report. J ECT. 2013 Jun; 29(2):147-8. PMID: 23303424.
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  162. Moreno-Duarte I, Morse LR, Alam M, Bikson M, Zafonte R, Fregni F. Targeted therapies using electrical and magnetic neural stimulation for the treatment of chronic pain in spinal cord injury. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15; 85 Pt 3:1003-13. PMID: 23727533.
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  163. Brunoni AR, Zanao TA, Vanderhasselt MA, Valiengo L, de Oliveira JF, Boggio PS, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM, Fregni F. Enhancement of affective processing induced by bifrontal transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with major depression. Neuromodulation. 2014 Feb; 17(2):138-42. PMID: 23710817.
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  164. Jensen MP, Sherlin LH, Askew RL, Fregni F, Witkop G, Gianas A, Howe JD, Hakimian S. Effects of non-pharmacological pain treatments on brain states. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Oct; 124(10):2016-24. PMID: 23706958; PMCID: PMC3759647.
  165. Schestatsky P, Simis M, Freeman R, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Non-invasive brain stimulation and the autonomic nervous system. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Sep; 124(9):1716-28. PMID: 23684898.
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  166. Andrade DC, Borges I, Bravo GL, Bolognini N, Fregni F. Therapeutic time window of noninvasive brain stimulation for pain treatment: inhibition of maladaptive plasticity with early intervention. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2013 May; 10(3):339-52. PMID: 23668706.
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  167. Shiozawa P, Cordeiro Q, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. Is sertraline plus transcranial direct current stimulation the future of effective depression treatment? J Comp Eff Res. 2013 May; 2(3):213-5. PMID: 24236617.
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  168. Cano T, Morales-Quezada JL, Bikson M, Fregni F. Methods to focalize noninvasive electrical brain stimulation: principles and future clinical development for the treatment of pain. Expert Rev Neurother. 2013 May; 13(5):465-7. PMID: 23621302.
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  169. Valiengo L, Benseñor IM, Goulart AC, de Oliveira JF, Zanao TA, Boggio PS, Lotufo PA, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. The sertraline versus electrical current therapy for treating depression clinical study (select-TDCS): results of the crossover and follow-up phases. Depress Anxiety. 2013 Jul; 30(7):646-53. PMID: 23625554.
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  170. Brunoni AR, Kemp AH, Shiozawa P, Cordeiro Q, Valiengo LC, Goulart AC, Coprerski B, Lotufo PA, Brunoni D, Perez AB, Fregni F, Benseñor IM. Impact of 5-HTTLPR and BDNF polymorphisms on response to sertraline versus transcranial direct current stimulation: implications for the serotonergic system. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2013 Nov; 23(11):1530-40. PMID: 23615118.
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  171. Bolognini N, Olgiati E, Maravita A, Ferraro F, Fregni F. Motor and parietal cortex stimulation for phantom limb pain and sensations. Pain. 2013 Aug; 154(8):1274-80. PMID: 23707312.
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  172. Shiozawa P, da Silva ME, Cordeiro Q, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for the treatment of persistent visual and auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia: a case study. Brain Stimul. 2013 Sep; 6(5):831-3. PMID: 23602026.
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  173. Brunoni AR, Valiengo L, Baccaro A, Zanão TA, de Oliveira JF, Goulart A, Boggio PS, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM, Fregni F. The sertraline vs. electrical current therapy for treating depression clinical study: results from a factorial, randomized, controlled trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2013 Apr; 70(4):383-91. PMID: 23389323.
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  174. Brunoni AR, Boggio PS, Ferrucci R, Priori A, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation: challenges, opportunities, and impact on psychiatry and neurorehabilitation. Front Psychiatry. 2013; 4:19. PMID: 23544030; PMCID: PMC3608899.
  175. Fecteau S, Boggio P, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Modulation of untruthful responses with non-invasive brain stimulation. Front Psychiatry. 2012; 3:97. PMID: 23550273; PMCID: PMC3581820.
  176. Shiozawa P, da Silva ME, Cordeiro Q, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for catatonic schizophrenia: a case study. Schizophr Res. 2013 May; 146(1-3):374-5. PMID: 23434501.
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  177. Villamar MF, Wivatvongvana P, Patumanond J, Bikson M, Truong DQ, Datta A, Fregni F. Focal modulation of the primary motor cortex in fibromyalgia using 4×1-ring high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS): immediate and delayed analgesic effects of cathodal and anodal stimulation. J Pain. 2013 Apr; 14(4):371-83. PMID: 23415877.
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  178. Villamar MF, Fregni F. Response to the letter to the editor by Berger. J Rehabil Med. 2013 Feb; 45(2):221-2. PMID: 23495381.
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  179. Oliveira JF, Zanão TA, Valiengo L, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM, Fregni F, Brunoni AR. Acute working memory improvement after tDCS in antidepressant-free patients with major depressive disorder. Neurosci Lett. 2013 Mar 14; 537:60-4. PMID: 23370288.
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  180. Volz MS, Suarez-Contreras V, Mendonca ME, Pinheiro FS, Merabet LB, Fregni F. Effects of sensory behavioral tasks on pain threshold and cortical excitability. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e52968. PMID: 23301010; PMCID: PMC3536816.
  181. Portilla AS, Bravo GL, Miraval FK, Villamar MF, Schneider JC, Ryan CM, Fregni F. A feasibility study assessing cortical plasticity in chronic neuropathic pain following burn injury. J Burn Care Res. 2013 Jan-Feb; 34(1):e48-52. PMID: 23292595.
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  182. Giacobbe V, Krebs HI, Volpe BT, Pascual-Leone A, Rykman A, Zeiarati G, Fregni F, Dipietro L, Thickbroom GW, Edwards DJ. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and robotic practice in chronic stroke: the dimension of timing. NeuroRehabilitation. 2013; 33(1):49-56. PMID: 23949028; PMCID: PMC4515138.
  183. Santos MD, Gagliardi RJ, Mac-Kay AP, Boggio PS, Lianza R, Fregni F. Transcranial direct-current stimulation induced in stroke patients with aphasia: a prospective experimental cohort study. Sao Paulo Med J. 2013; 131(6):422-6. PMID: 24346782.
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  184. Villamar MF, Contreras VS, Kuntz RE, Fregni F. The reporting of blinding in physical medicine and rehabilitation randomized controlled trials: a systematic review. J Rehabil Med. 2013 Jan; 45(1):6-13. PMID: 23150143.
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  185. Brunoni AR, Zanao TA, Ferrucci R, Priori A, Valiengo L, de Oliveira JF, Boggio PS, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM, Fregni F. Bifrontal tDCS prevents implicit learning acquisition in antidepressant-free patients with major depressive disorder. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Jun 03; 43:146-50. PMID: 23274503.
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  186. Medeiros LF, de Souza IC, Vidor LP, de Souza A, Deitos A, Volz MS, Fregni F, Caumo W, Torres IL. Neurobiological effects of transcranial direct current stimulation: a review. Front Psychiatry. 2012; 3:110. PMID: 23293607; PMCID: PMC3531595.
  187. Foerster A, Rocha S, Wiesiolek C, Chagas AP, Machado G, Silva E, Fregni F, Monte-Silva K. Site-specific effects of mental practice combined with transcranial direct current stimulation on motor learning. Eur J Neurosci. 2013 Mar; 37(5):786-94. PMID: 23279569.
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  188. Iasemidis LD, Schachter S, Fregni F, Ilmoniemi R. Introduction. Int J Neural Syst. 2013 Feb; 23(1):1203003. PMID: 23273124.
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  189. Wang S, Yuan J, Guo X, Peng P, Gu H, Niu S, Fregni F, Chen AC, Hu W. Neurochemical correlates of cognitive dysfunction in patients with leukoaraiosis: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Neurol Res. 2012 Dec; 34(10):989-97. PMID: 23146302.
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  190. Vidor LP, Torres IL, Custódio de Souza IC, Fregni F, Caumo W. Analgesic and sedative effects of melatonin in temporomandibular disorders: a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2013 Sep; 46(3):422-32. PMID: 23195393.
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  191. Brunoni AR, Ferrucci R, Bortolomasi M, Scelzo E, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Dell'Osso B, Giacopuzzi M, Altamura AC, Priori A. Interactions between transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and pharmacological interventions in the Major Depressive Episode: findings from a naturalistic study. Eur Psychiatry. 2013 Aug; 28(6):356-61. PMID: 23182847.
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  192. Adeyemo BO, Simis M, Macea DD, Fregni F. Systematic review of parameters of stimulation, clinical trial design characteristics, and motor outcomes in non-invasive brain stimulation in stroke. Front Psychiatry. 2012; 3:88. PMID: 23162477; PMCID: PMC3495265.
  193. Schestatsky P, Janovik N, Lobato MI, Belmonte-de-Abreu P, Schestatsky S, Shiozawa P, Fregni F. Rapid therapeutic response to anodal tDCS of right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in acute mania. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jul; 6(4):701-3. PMID: 23158877.
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  194. Fernandes TL, Fregni F, Weaver K, Pedrinelli A, Camanho GL, Hernandez AJ. The influence of femoral tunnel position in single-bundle ACL reconstruction on functional outcomes and return to sports. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2014 Jan; 22(1):97-103. PMID: 23132410.
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  195. Leite J, Carvalho S, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Gonçalves OF. The effects of cross-hemispheric dorsolateral prefrontal cortex transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on task switching. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jul; 6(4):660-7. PMID: 23142550.
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  196. DosSantos MF, Love TM, Martikainen IK, Nascimento TD, Fregni F, Cummiford C, Deboer MD, Zubieta JK, Dasilva AF. Immediate effects of tDCS on the µ-opioid system of a chronic pain patient. Front Psychiatry. 2012; 3:93. PMID: 23130002; PMCID: PMC3486958.
  197. Faria P, Fregni F, Sebastião F, Dias AI, Leal A. Feasibility of focal transcranial DC polarization with simultaneous EEG recording: preliminary assessment in healthy subjects and human epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2012 Nov; 25(3):417-25. PMID: 23123281.
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  198. Imamura M, Özçakar L, Fregni F, Hsing WT, Battistella LR. Exploring a long-term global approach for musculoskeletal ultrasound training: WORLD-MUSCULUS. J Rehabil Med. 2012 Nov; 44(11):991-2. PMID: 23069862.
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  199. Bravo G, Fregni F. Evidence-based medicine in the management of chronic pain using noninvasive brain stimulation. Pain Manag. 2012 Nov; 2(6):531-3. PMID: 24645883.
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  200. Schneider JC, Trinh NH, Selleck E, Fregni F, Salles SS, Ryan CM, Stein J. The long-term impact of physical and emotional trauma: the station nightclub fire. PLoS One. 2012; 7(10):e47339. PMID: 23077593; PMCID: PMC3471846.
  201. Spezia Adachi LN, Caumo W, Laste G, Fernandes Medeiros L, Ripoll Rozisky J, de Souza A, Fregni F, Torres IL. Reversal of chronic stress-induced pain by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in an animal model. Brain Res. 2012 Dec 13; 1489:17-26. PMID: 23063889.
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  202. Datta A, Dmochowski JP, Guleyupoglu B, Bikson M, Fregni F. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation and transcranial pulsed current stimulation: a computer based high-resolution modeling study. Neuroimage. 2013 Jan 15; 65:280-7. PMID: 23041337.
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  203. Sehn F, Chachamovich E, Vidor LP, Dall-Agnol L, de Souza IC, Torres IL, Fregni F, Caumo W. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the pain catastrophizing scale. Pain Med. 2012 Nov; 13(11):1425-35. PMID: 23036076.
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  204. Lapenta OM, Fregni F, Oberman LM, Boggio PS. Bilateral temporal cortex transcranial direct current stimulation worsens male performance in a multisensory integration task. Neurosci Lett. 2012 Oct 11; 527(2):105-9. PMID: 22985520.
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  205. de Souza Custódio JC, Martins CW, Lugon MD, Fregni F, Nakamura-Palacios EM. Epidural direct current stimulation over the left medial prefrontal cortex facilitates spatial working memory performance in rats. Brain Stimul. 2013 May; 6(3):261-9. PMID: 22878259.
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  206. Batista-de-Oliveira M, Monte-Silva-Machado KK, Paiva AK, Lima H, Fregni F, Guedes RC. Favorable and unfavorable lactation modulates the effects of electrical stimulation on brain excitability: a spreading depression study in adult rats. Life Sci. 2012 Sep 24; 91(9-10):306-11. PMID: 22820169.
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  207. Bikson M, Rahman A, Datta A, Fregni F, Merabet L. High-resolution modeling assisted design of customized and individualized transcranial direct current stimulation protocols. Neuromodulation. 2012 Jul; 15(4):306-15. PMID: 22780230; PMCID: PMC3418452.
  208. Laste G, Caumo W, Adachi LN, Rozisky JR, de Macedo IC, Filho PR, Partata WA, Fregni F, Torres IL. After-effects of consecutive sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in a rat model of chronic inflammation. Exp Brain Res. 2012 Aug; 221(1):75-83. PMID: 22752510.
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  209. Volz MS, Volz TS, Brunoni AR, de Oliveira JP, Fregni F. Analgesic effects of noninvasive brain stimulation in rodent animal models: a systematic review of translational findings. Neuromodulation. 2012 Jul; 15(4):283-95. PMID: 22759345; PMCID: PMC4018630.
  210. Fregni F, Merabet LB. Bench to clinical translational applications of noninvasive brain stimulation. Neuromodulation. 2012 Jul; 15(4):281-2. PMID: 22882243.
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  211. Villamar MF, Santos Portilla A, Fregni F, Zafonte R. Noninvasive brain stimulation to modulate neuroplasticity in traumatic brain injury. Neuromodulation. 2012 Jul; 15(4):326-38. PMID: 22882244.
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  212. de Brito CM, Garcia AC, Takayama L, Fregni F, Battistella LR, Pereira RM. Bone loss in chronic hemiplegia: a longitudinal cohort study. J Clin Densitom. 2013 Apr-Jun; 16(2):160-7. PMID: 22677198.
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  213. Brunoni AR, Ferrucci R, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Priori A. Transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of major depressive disorder: a summary of preclinical, clinical and translational findings. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Oct 01; 39(1):9-16. PMID: 22651961.
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  214. Brunoni AR, Vanderhasselt MA, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Dantas EM, Mill JG, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM. Polarity- and valence-dependent effects of prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation on heart rate variability and salivary cortisol. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Jan; 38(1):58-66. PMID: 22626867.
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  215. Reidler JS, Mendonca ME, Santana MB, Wang X, Lenkinski R, Motta AF, Marchand S, Latif L, Fregni F. Effects of motor cortex modulation and descending inhibitory systems on pain thresholds in healthy subjects. J Pain. 2012 May; 13(5):450-8. PMID: 22515945.
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  216. Dasilva AF, Mendonca ME, Zaghi S, Lopes M, Dossantos MF, Spierings EL, Bajwa Z, Datta A, Bikson M, Fregni F. tDCS-induced analgesia and electrical fields in pain-related neural networks in chronic migraine. Headache. 2012 Sep; 52(8):1283-95. PMID: 22512348; PMCID: PMC4166674.
  217. Hsing WT, Imamura M, Weaver K, Fregni F, Azevedo Neto RS. Clinical effects of scalp electrical acupuncture in stroke: a sham-controlled randomized clinical trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2012 Apr; 18(4):341-6. PMID: 22489807.
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  218. Volz MS, Mendonca M, Pinheiro FS, Cui H, Santana M, Fregni F. Dissociation of motor task-induced cortical excitability and pain perception changes in healthy volunteers. PLoS One. 2012; 7(3):e34273. PMID: 22470548; PMCID: PMC3314609.
  219. Stefani LC, Torres IL, de Souza IC, Rozisky JR, Fregni F, Caumo W. BDNF as an effect modifier for gender effects on pain thresholds in healthy subjects. Neurosci Lett. 2012 Apr 11; 514(1):62-6. PMID: 22395087.
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  220. Gladwin TE, den Uyl TE, Fregni FF, Wiers RW. Enhancement of selective attention by tDCS: interaction with interference in a Sternberg task. Neurosci Lett. 2012 Mar 14; 512(1):33-7. PMID: 22327036.
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  221. Plow EB, Obretenova SN, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Merabet LB. Comparison of visual field training for hemianopia with active versus sham transcranial direct cortical stimulation. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2012 Jul-Aug; 26(6):616-26. PMID: 22291042.
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  222. Campanhã C, Minati L, Fregni F, Boggio PS. Responding to unfair offers made by a friend: neuroelectrical activity changes in the anterior medial prefrontal cortex. J Neurosci. 2011 Oct 26; 31(43):15569-74. PMID: 22031902.
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  223. Riberto M, Marcon Alfieri F, Monteiro de Benedetto Pacheco K, Dini Leite V, Nemoto Kaihami H, Fregni F, Rizzo Battistella L. Efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation coupled with a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for the treatment of fibromyalgia. Open Rheumatol J. 2011; 5:45-50. PMID: 22046206; PMCID: PMC3204430.
  224. Faber M, Vanneste S, Fregni F, De Ridder D. Top down prefrontal affective modulation of tinnitus with multiple sessions of tDCS of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Brain Stimul. 2012 Oct; 5(4):492-8. PMID: 22019079.
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  225. Boggio PS, Valasek CA, Campanhã C, Giglio AC, Baptista NI, Lapenta OM, Fregni F. Non-invasive brain stimulation to assess and modulate neuroplasticity in Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychol Rehabil. 2011 Oct; 21(5):703-16. PMID: 21942868.
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  226. Ladeira A, Fregni F, Campanhã C, Valasek CA, De Ridder D, Brunoni AR, Boggio PS. Polarity-dependent transcranial direct current stimulation effects on central auditory processing. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9):e25399. PMID: 21966519; PMCID: PMC3179516.
  227. Suemoto CK, Nitrini R, Grinberg LT, Ferretti RE, Farfel JM, Leite RE, Menezes PR, Fregni F, Jacob-Filho W, Pasqualucci CA. Atherosclerosis and dementia: a cross-sectional study with pathological analysis of the carotid arteries. Stroke. 2011 Dec; 42(12):3614-5. PMID: 21940957.
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  228. Leite J, Carvalho S, Fregni F, Gonçalves ÓF. Task-specific effects of tDCS-induced cortical excitability changes on cognitive and motor sequence set shifting performance. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9):e24140. PMID: 21909415; PMCID: PMC3164710.
  229. Giacobbe V, Volpe BT, Thickbroom GW, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Krebs HI, Edwards DJ. Reversal of TMS-induced motor twitch by training is associated with a reduction in excitability of the antagonist muscle. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2011 Aug 24; 8:46. PMID: 21861922; PMCID: PMC3179941.
  230. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Theoret H, Kobayashi M, Fregni F, Nicholas M, Tormos JM, Steven MS, Baker EH, Pascual-Leone A. TMS suppression of right pars triangularis, but not pars opercularis, improves naming in aphasia. Brain Lang. 2011 Dec; 119(3):206-13. PMID: 21864891; PMCID: PMC3195843.
  231. Bueno VF, Brunoni AR, Boggio PS, Bensenor IM, Fregni F. Mood and cognitive effects of transcranial direct current stimulation in post-stroke depression. Neurocase. 2011 Aug; 17(4):318-22. PMID: 21213180.
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  232. Bolognini N, Vallar G, Casati C, Latif LA, El-Nazer R, Williams J, Banco E, Macea DD, Tesio L, Chessa C, Fregni F. Neurophysiological and behavioral effects of tDCS combined with constraint-induced movement therapy in poststroke patients. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2011 Nov-Dec; 25(9):819-29. PMID: 21803933.
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  233. Boggio PS, Ferrucci R, Mameli F, Martins D, Martins O, Vergari M, Tadini L, Scarpini E, Fregni F, Priori A. Prolonged visual memory enhancement after direct current stimulation in Alzheimer's disease. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):223-30. PMID: 21840288.
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  234. Nakamura-Palacios EM, de Almeida Benevides MC, da Penha Zago-Gomes M, de Oliveira RW, de Vasconcellos VF, de Castro LN, da Silva MC, Ramos PA, Fregni F. Auditory event-related potentials (P3) and cognitive changes induced by frontal direct current stimulation in alcoholics according to Lesch alcoholism typology. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2012 Jun; 15(5):601-16. PMID: 21781352.
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  235. Gonçalves ÓF, Carvalho S, Leite J, Pocinho F, Relvas J, Fregni F. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder as a functional interhemispheric imbalance at the thalamic level. Med Hypotheses. 2011 Sep; 77(3):445-7. PMID: 21737205.
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  236. Fernandes TL, Protta TR, Fregni F, Neto RB, Pedrinelli A, Camanho GL, Hernandez AJ. Isokinetic muscle strength and knee function associated with double femoral pin fixation and fixation with interference screw in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2012 Feb; 20(2):275-80. PMID: 21710112.
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  237. Tadini L, El-Nazer R, Brunoni AR, Williams J, Carvas M, Boggio P, Priori A, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Cognitive, mood, and electroencephalographic effects of noninvasive cortical stimulation with weak electrical currents. J ECT. 2011 Jun; 27(2):134-40. PMID: 20938352.
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  238. Brunoni AR, Fregni F. Clinical trial design in non-invasive brain stimulation psychiatric research. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2011 Jun; 20(2):e19-30. PMID: 21538653.
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  239. DaSilva AF, Volz MS, Bikson M, Fregni F. Electrode positioning and montage in transcranial direct current stimulation. J Vis Exp. 2011 May 23; (51). PMID: 21654618; PMCID: PMC3339846.
  240. Mendonca ME, Santana MB, Baptista AF, Datta A, Bikson M, Fregni F, Araujo CP. Transcranial DC stimulation in fibromyalgia: optimized cortical target supported by high-resolution computational models. J Pain. 2011 May; 12(5):610-7. PMID: 21497140.
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  241. Brunoni AR, Nitsche MA, Bolognini N, Bikson M, Wagner T, Merabet L, Edwards DJ, Valero-Cabre A, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, Ferrucci R, Priori A, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): challenges and future directions. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):175-95. PMID: 22037126; PMCID: PMC3270156.
  242. Wilson ME, Fregni F, de S M Veras MA, Dyett J, Shei A, Ribeiro GS, David J, Castro MC, Segurado AC, Ko AI, Reis MG. Collaborative teaching and learning: a model for building capacity and partnerships to address NTDs. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011 Mar 29; 5(3):e939. PMID: 21468316; PMCID: PMC3066161.
  243. Shin BM, Han SJ, Jung JH, Kim JE, Fregni F. Effect of mild cognitive impairment on balance. J Neurol Sci. 2011 Jun 15; 305(1-2):121-5. PMID: 21420690.
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  244. Brunoni AR, Amadera J, Berbel B, Volz MS, Rizzerio BG, Fregni F. A systematic review on reporting and assessment of adverse effects associated with transcranial direct current stimulation. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011 Sep; 14(8):1133-45. PMID: 21320389.
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  245. Oliveira L, Fregni F. Pharmacological and electrical stimulation in chronic disorders of consciousness: new insights and future directions. Brain Inj. 2011; 25(4):315-27. PMID: 21314279.
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  246. Abdul Latif L, Daud Amadera JE, Pimentel D, Pimentel T, Fregni F. Sample size calculation in physical medicine and rehabilitation: a systematic review of reporting, characteristics, and results in randomized controlled trials. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011 Feb; 92(2):306-15. PMID: 21272730.
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  247. Bae EH, Theodore WH, Fregni F, Cantello R, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. An estimate of placebo effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Feb; 20(2):355-9. PMID: 21216200; PMCID: PMC3059584.
  248. Demange MK, Fregni F. Limits to clinical trials in surgical areas. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2011; 66(1):159-61. PMID: 21437453; PMCID: PMC3044561.
  249. Brunoni AR, Valiengo L, Zanao T, de Oliveira JF, Bensenor IM, Fregni F. Manic psychosis after sertraline and transcranial direct-current stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2011; 23(3):E4-5. PMID: 21948925.
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  250. Azeka E, Fregni F, Auler Junior JO. The past, present and future of clinical research. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2011; 66(6):931-2. PMID: 21808853; PMCID: PMC3129946.
  251. Zaghi S, Thiele B, Pimentel D, Pimentel T, Fregni F. Assessment and treatment of pain with non-invasive cortical stimulation. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2011; 29(6):439-51. PMID: 22124038.
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  252. Brunoni AR, Valim C, Fregni F. Combination of noninvasive brain stimulation with pharmacotherapy. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2011 Jan; 8(1):31-9. PMID: 21158538.
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  253. Brunoni AR, Fregni F, Pagano RL. Translational research in transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): a systematic review of studies in animals. Rev Neurosci. 2011; 22(4):471-81. PMID: 21819264.
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  254. San-Juan D, Calcáneo Jde D, González-Aragón MF, Bermúdez Maldonado L, Avellán AM, Argumosa EV, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation in adolescent and adult Rasmussen's encephalitis. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Jan; 20(1):126-31. PMID: 21167786.
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  255. Bashir S, Mizrahi I, Weaver K, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Assessment and modulation of neural plasticity in rehabilitation with transcranial magnetic stimulation. PM R. 2010 Dec; 2(12 Suppl 2):S253-68. PMID: 21172687; PMCID: PMC3951769.
  256. Mahmoudi H, Borhani Haghighi A, Petramfar P, Jahanshahi S, Salehi Z, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation: electrode montage in stroke. Disabil Rehabil. 2011; 33(15-16):1383-8. PMID: 21110732.
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  257. Horvath JC, Perez JM, Forrow L, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a historical evaluation and future prognosis of therapeutically relevant ethical concerns. J Med Ethics. 2011 Mar; 37(3):137-43. PMID: 21106996.
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  258. Fregni F. Analgesia with noninvasive electrical cortical stimulation: challenges to find optimal parameters of stimulation. Anesth Analg. 2010 Nov; 111(5):1083-5. PMID: 20971956.
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  259. Brunoni AR, Valiengo L, Baccaro A, Zanao TA, de Oliveira JF, Vieira GP, Bueno VF, Goulart AC, Boggio PS, Lotufo PA, Bensenor IM, Fregni F. Sertraline vs. ELectrical Current Therapy for Treating Depression Clinical Trial--SELECT TDCS: design, rationale and objectives. Contemp Clin Trials. 2011 Jan; 32(1):90-8. PMID: 20854930.
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  260. Fregni F, Potvin K, Dasilva D, Wang X, Lenkinski RE, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A. Clinical effects and brain metabolic correlates in non-invasive cortical neuromodulation for visceral pain. Eur J Pain. 2011 Jan; 15(1):53-60. PMID: 20822942; PMCID: PMC3000866.
  261. Cohen RB, Brunoni AR, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Clinical predictors associated with duration of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for remission in bipolar depression: a naturalistic study. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010 Sep; 198(9):679-81. PMID: 20823731.
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  262. Fecteau S, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Camprodon JA, Pascual-Leone A. Neuromodulation of decision-making in the addictive brain. Subst Use Misuse. 2010 Sep; 45(11):1766-86. PMID: 20590399; PMCID: PMC3589811.
  263. Azeka E, Fregni F. Cardiovascular research: new model of collaborative training program. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010 Sep; 95(3):281-2. PMID: 20944899.
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  264. Boggio PS, Zaghi S, Villani AB, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Modulation of risk-taking in marijuana users by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Dec 01; 112(3):220-5. PMID: 20729009.
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  265. Cardoso EF, Fregni F, Maia FM, Melo LM, Sato JR, Cruz AC, Bianchi ET, Fernandes DB, Monteiro ML, Barbosa ER, Amaro E. Abnormal visual activation in Parkinson's disease patients. Mov Disord. 2010 Aug 15; 25(11):1590-6. PMID: 20623771.
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  266. Soler MD, Kumru H, Pelayo R, Vidal J, Tormos JM, Fregni F, Navarro X, Pascual-Leone A. Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation and visual illusion on neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury. Brain. 2010 Sep; 133(9):2565-77. PMID: 20685806; PMCID: PMC2929331.
  267. Chi RP, Fregni F, Snyder AW. Visual memory improved by non-invasive brain stimulation. Brain Res. 2010 Sep 24; 1353:168-75. PMID: 20682299.
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  268. Macea DD, Gajos K, Daglia Calil YA, Fregni F. The efficacy of Web-based cognitive behavioral interventions for chronic pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pain. 2010 Oct; 11(10):917-29. PMID: 20650691.
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  269. Bolognini N, Fregni F, Casati C, Olgiati E, Vallar G. Brain polarization of parietal cortex augments training-induced improvement of visual exploratory and attentional skills. Brain Res. 2010 Aug 19; 1349:76-89. PMID: 20599813.
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  270. Brunoni AR, Teng CT, Correa C, Imamura M, Brasil-Neto JP, Boechat R, Rosa M, Caramelli P, Cohen R, Del Porto JA, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Neuromodulation approaches for the treatment of major depression: challenges and recommendations from a working group meeting. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2010 Jun; 68(3):433-51. PMID: 20602051.
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  271. Zaghi S, de Freitas Rezende L, de Oliveira LM, El-Nazer R, Menning S, Tadini L, Fregni F. Inhibition of motor cortex excitability with 15Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS). Neurosci Lett. 2010 Aug 02; 479(3):211-4. PMID: 20553804.
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  272. Soler MD, Kumru H, Vidal J, Pelayo R, Tormos JM, Fregni F, Navarro X, Pascual-Leone A. Referred sensations and neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury. Pain. 2010 Jul; 150(1):192-8. PMID: 20471171; PMCID: PMC3540745.
  273. Datta A, Bikson M, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with skull defects and skull plates: high-resolution computational FEM study of factors altering cortical current flow. Neuroimage. 2010 Oct 01; 52(4):1268-78. PMID: 20435146; PMCID: PMC2910315.
  274. Brunoni AR, Tadini L, Fregni F. Changes in clinical trials methodology over time: a systematic review of six decades of research in psychopharmacology. PLoS One. 2010 Mar 03; 5(3):e9479. PMID: 20209133; PMCID: PMC2831060.
  275. Fregni F, Imamura M, Chien HF, Lew HL, Boggio P, Kaptchuk TJ, Riberto M, Hsing WT, Battistella LR, Furlan A. Challenges and recommendations for placebo controls in randomized trials in physical and rehabilitation medicine: a report of the international placebo symposium working group. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2010 Feb; 89(2):160-72. PMID: 20090428; PMCID: PMC2900312.
  276. Williams JA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Interhemispheric modulation induced by cortical stimulation and motor training. Phys Ther. 2010 Mar; 90(3):398-410. PMID: 20110339.
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  277. Boggio PS, Campanhã C, Valasek CA, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Modulation of decision-making in a gambling task in older adults with transcranial direct current stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Feb; 31(3):593-7. PMID: 20105234.
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  278. Brunoni AR, Fregni F. Accelerating response to antidepressant treatment in depression: a review and clinical suggestions. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Mar 17; 34(2):437-8; author reply 439-40. PMID: 20093162.
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  279. Edelmuth RC, Nitsche MA, Battistella L, Fregni F. Why do some promising brain-stimulation devices fail the next steps of clinical development? Expert Rev Med Devices. 2010 Jan; 7(1):67-97. PMID: 20021241.
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  280. Carvas M, Imamura M, Hsing W, Dewey-Platt L, Fregni F. An innovative method of global clinical research training using collaborative learning with Web 2.0 tools. Med Teach. 2010; 32(3):270. PMID: 20218845.
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  281. Boggio PS, Rocha M, Oliveira MO, Fecteau S, Cohen RB, Campanhã C, Ferreira-Santos E, Meleiro A, Corchs F, Zaghi S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Noninvasive brain stimulation with high-frequency and low-intensity repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 2010 Aug; 71(8):992-9. PMID: 20051219; PMCID: PMC3260527.
  282. Zaghi S, Acar M, Hultgren B, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Noninvasive brain stimulation with low-intensity electrical currents: putative mechanisms of action for direct and alternating current stimulation. Neuroscientist. 2010 Jun; 16(3):285-307. PMID: 20040569.
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  283. Brunoni AR, Fraguas R, Fregni F. Pharmacological and combined interventions for the acute depressive episode: focus on efficacy and tolerability. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2009; 5:897-910. PMID: 19956554; PMCID: PMC2781064.
  284. Imamura M, Cassius DA, Fregni F. Fibromyalgia: From treatment to rehabilitation. Eur J Pain. 2009 Nov 01; 3(2):117-122. PMID: 20657807.
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  285. Boggio PS, Amancio EJ, Correa CF, Cecilio S, Valasek C, Bajwa Z, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ, Fregni F. Transcranial DC stimulation coupled with TENS for the treatment of chronic pain: a preliminary study. Clin J Pain. 2009 Oct; 25(8):691-5. PMID: 19920718.
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  286. Cogiamanian F, Brunoni AR, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Ciocca M, Priori A. Non-invasive brain stimulation for the management of arterial hypertension. Med Hypotheses. 2010 Feb; 74(2):332-6. PMID: 19775822.
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  287. Zaghi S, DaSilva AF, Acar M, Lopes M, Fregni F. One-year rTMS treatment for refractory trigeminal neuralgia. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2009 Oct; 38(4):e1-5. PMID: 19713068.
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  288. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Ho M, Doron KW, Kurland J, Kaplan J, Wang Y, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Alonso M, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Overt naming fMRI pre- and post-TMS: Two nonfluent aphasia patients, with and without improved naming post-TMS. Brain Lang. 2009 Oct; 111(1):20-35. PMID: 19695692; PMCID: PMC2803355.
  289. Zaghi S, Heine N, Fregni F. Brain stimulation for the treatment of pain: A review of costs, clinical effects, and mechanisms of treatment for three different central neuromodulatory approaches. J Pain Manag. 2009 Aug; 2(3):339-352. PMID: 20585474.
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  290. Boggio PS, Liguori P, Sultani N, Rezende L, Fecteau S, Fregni F. Cumulative priming effects of cortical stimulation on smoking cue-induced craving. Neurosci Lett. 2009 Sep 29; 463(1):82-6. PMID: 19619607.
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  291. Ross Hoffman, Jon Ferris, Felipe Fregni. TRANSCRANIAL DIRECT CURRENT STIMULATION APPARATUS AND METHODS. 2009.
  292. Cardoso EF, Maia FM, Fregni F, Myczkowski ML, Melo LM, Sato JR, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Cruz AC, Barbosa ER, Amaro E. Depression in Parkinson's disease: convergence from voxel-based morphometry and functional magnetic resonance imaging in the limbic thalamus. Neuroimage. 2009 Aug 15; 47(2):467-72. PMID: 19398020.
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  293. Boggio P; Rocha M; Oliveira M; Fecteau S; Cohen R; Campanhã C; Ferreira-Santos E; Meleiro A; Corchs F; Zaghi S; Pascual-Leone A; Fregni F. A phase-II clinical trial of high-frequency rTMS treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2009; in press.
  294. Boggio PS, de Macedo EC, Schwartzman JS, Brunoni D, Teixeira MC, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation: a novel approach to control hyperphagia in Prader-Willi syndrome. J Child Neurol. 2009 May; 24(5):642-3. PMID: 19406762.
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  295. Murphy DN, Boggio P, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation as a therapeutic tool for the treatment of major depression: insights from past and recent clinical studies. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2009 May; 22(3):306-11. PMID: 19339889.
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  296. Hultgren B, Zaghi S, Carvas M, Nascimento B, Kwiatkowski J, Fregni F, Fregni F. Challenges in consenting subjects for studies with brain stimulation: feasibility of multimedia video use during the informed consent process. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jul; 2(3):174-8. PMID: 20633416.
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  297. Nitsche MA, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of depression with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): a review. Exp Neurol. 2009 Sep; 219(1):14-9. PMID: 19348793.
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  298. Williams JA, Imamura M, Fregni F. Updates on the use of non-invasive brain stimulation in physical and rehabilitation medicine. J Rehabil Med. 2009 Apr; 41(5):305-11. PMID: 19363560.
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  299. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Valasek C, Ellwood S, Chi R, Gallate J, Pascual-Leone A, Snyder A. Temporal lobe cortical electrical stimulation during the encoding and retrieval phase reduces false memories. PLoS One. 2009; 4(3):e4959. PMID: 19319182; PMCID: PMC2655647.
  300. Brunoni AR, Lopes M, Kaptchuk TJ, Fregni F. Placebo response of non-pharmacological and pharmacological trials in major depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2009; 4(3):e4824. PMID: 19293925; PMCID: PMC2653635.
  301. Bolognini N, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Using non-invasive brain stimulation to augment motor training-induced plasticity. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2009 Mar 17; 6:8. PMID: 19292910; PMCID: PMC2667408.
  302. Zaghi S, Heine N, Fregni F. Brain stimulation for the treatment of pain: A review of costs, clinical effects, and mechanisms of treatment for three different central neuromodulatory approaches. J Pain Management. 2009; in press.
  303. Imamura M, Hsing WT, Platt LD, Fregni F. How to develop research capacity using a collaborative training approach: the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) international training program experience. J Rehabil Med. 2009 Mar; 41(4):295-6. PMID: 19247555.
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  304. Valle A, Roizenblatt S, Botte S, Zaghi Z, Riberto R, Tufik S, Boggio P, Fregni F. Efficacy of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for the treatment of fibromyalgia: results of a randomized, sham-controlled longitudinal clinical trial. J Pain Management. 2009; in press.
  305. Boggio PS, Coutinho de Macedo E, Pascual-Leone A, Tormos Muñoz JM, Schwartzman JS, Fregni F. Neuromodulation in hypoxic-ischemic injury. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jul; 2(3):179-81. PMID: 20633417.
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  306. Fenton BW, Palmieri PA, Boggio P, Fanning J, Fregni F. A preliminary study of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of refractory chronic pelvic pain. Brain Stimul. 2009 Apr; 2(2):103-7. PMID: 20633407.
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  307. Alappat JJ. Motor cortex stimulation for chronic pain: systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. Neurology. 2009 Feb 10; 72(6):577; author reply 577. PMID: 19204274.
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  308. Boggio PS, Carreiro LR, Fregni F. Cortical stimulation with weak electrical currents for cognitive modulation in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Med Hypotheses. 2009 May; 72(5):613-4. PMID: 19171437.
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  309. Freitas C, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Meta-analysis of the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on negative and positive symptoms in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2009 Mar; 108(1-3):11-24. PMID: 19138833; PMCID: PMC2748189.
  310. Cohen RB, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Risk factors for relapse after remission with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression. Depress Anxiety. 2009; 26(7):682-8. PMID: 19170101.
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  311. Williams JA, Colton K, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Alexander MP. Feasibility of a home constraint-induced movement therapy for hand weakness after stroke. J Rehabil Med. 2009 Jan; 41(1):92-3. PMID: 19197578.
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  312. Valle A, Roizenblatt S, Botte S, Zaghi S, Riberto M, Tufik S, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Efficacy of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for the treatment of fibromyalgia: results of a randomized, sham-controlled longitudinal clinical trial. J Pain Manag. 2009; 2(3):353-361. PMID: 21170277.
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  313. Cecilio SB, Zaghi S, Cecilio LB, Correa CF, Fregni F. Exploring a novel therapeutic approach with noninvasive cortical stimulation for vulvodynia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Dec; 199(6):e6-7. PMID: 19084092.
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  314. Zanardi R, Barbini B, Rossini D, Bernasconi A, Fregni F, Padberg F, Rossi S, Wirz-Justice A, Terman M, Martiny K, Bersani G, Hariri AR, Pezawas L, Roiser JP, Bertolino A, Calabrese G, Magri L, Benedetti F, Pontiggia A, Malaguti A, Smeraldi E, Colombo C. New perspectives on techniques for the clinical psychiatrist: Brain stimulation, chronobiology and psychiatric brain imaging. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008 Dec; 62(6):627-37. PMID: 19067998.
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  315. Boggio PS, Khoury LP, Martins DC, Martins OE, de Macedo EC, Fregni F. Temporal cortex direct current stimulation enhances performance on a visual recognition memory task in Alzheimer disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009 Apr; 80(4):444-7. PMID: 18977813.
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  316. Imamura M, Imamura ST, Kaziyama HH, Targino RA, Hsing WT, de Souza LP, Cutait MM, Fregni F, Camanho GL. Impact of nervous system hyperalgesia on pain, disability, and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a controlled analysis. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Oct 15; 59(10):1424-31. PMID: 18821657.
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  317. Hummel FC, Celnik P, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F, Byblow WD, Buetefisch CM, Rothwell J, Cohen LG, Gerloff C. Controversy: Noninvasive and invasive cortical stimulation show efficacy in treating stroke patients. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):370-82. PMID: 20633395.
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  318. Lefaucheur JP, Antal A, Ahdab R, Ciampi de Andrade D, Fregni F, Khedr EM, Nitsche M, Paulus W. The use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to relieve pain. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):337-44. PMID: 20633392.
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  319. Miniussi C, Cappa SF, Cohen LG, Floel A, Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Oliveri M, Pascual-Leone A, Paulus W, Priori A, Walsh V. Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation/transcranial direct current stimulation in cognitive neurorehabilitation. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):326-36. PMID: 20633391.
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  320. Boggio PS, Rocha RR, da Silva MT, Fregni F. Differential modulatory effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on a facial expression go-no-go task in males and females. Neurosci Lett. 2008 Dec 12; 447(2-3):101-5. PMID: 18926878.
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  321. Passos Mdo C, Duro D, Fregni F. CNS or classic drugs for the treatment of pain in functional dyspepsia? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. Pain Physician. 2008 Sep-Oct; 11(5):597-609. PMID: 18850025.
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  322. Bajwa S, Bermpohl F, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Impaired interhemispheric interactions in patients with major depression. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 Sep; 196(9):671-7. PMID: 18791428.
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  323. Brunoni AR, Lopes M, Fregni F. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical studies on major depression and BDNF levels: implications for the role of neuroplasticity in depression. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2008 Dec; 11(8):1169-80. PMID: 18752720.
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  324. Boggio PS, Zaghi S, Lopes M, Fregni F. Modulatory effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation on perception and pain thresholds in healthy volunteers. Eur J Neurol. 2008 Oct; 15(10):1124-30. PMID: 18717717.
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  325. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Wrase J, Schlagenhauf F, Bauer M, Heinz A, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Novelty seeking modulates medial prefrontal activity during the anticipation of emotional stimuli. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Oct 30; 164(1):81-5. PMID: 18703319.
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  326. Boggio PS, Zaghi S, Fregni F. Modulation of emotions associated with images of human pain using anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Neuropsychologia. 2009 Jan; 47(1):212-7. PMID: 18725237.
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  327. Nitsche MA, Cohen LG, Wassermann EM, Priori A, Lang N, Antal A, Paulus W, Hummel F, Boggio PS, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation: State of the art 2008. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):206-23. PMID: 20633386.
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  328. Langguth B, de Ridder D, Dornhoffer JL, Eichhammer P, Folmer RL, Frank E, Fregni F, Gerloff C, Khedr E, Kleinjung T, Landgrebe M, Lee S, Lefaucheur JP, Londero A, Marcondes R, Moller AR, Pascual-Leone A, Plewnia C, Rossi S, Sanchez T, Sand P, Schlee W, Pysch D, Steffens T, van de Heyning P, Hajak G. Controversy: Does repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation/ transcranial direct current stimulation show efficacy in treating tinnitus patients? Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):192-205. PMID: 20633385.
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  329. Cohen RB, Ferreira MS, Ferreira MJ, Fregni F. Use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the management of bipolar disorder during the postpartum period. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):224-6. PMID: 20633387.
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  330. Lima MC, Fregni F. Motor cortex stimulation for chronic pain: systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. Neurology. 2008 Jun 10; 70(24):2329-37. PMID: 18541887.
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  331. Fregni F. Towards novel treatments for paediatric stroke: is transcranial magnetic stimulation beneficial? Lancet Neurol. 2008 Jun; 7(6):472-3. PMID: 18455962.
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  332. Rosa MA, Rosa MO, Belegarde IM, Bueno CR, Fregni F. Recovery after ECT: comparison of propofol, etomidate and thiopental. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2008 Jun; 30(2):149-51. PMID: 18470404.
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  333. Brunoni AR, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Can the 'yin and yang' BDNF hypothesis be used to predict the effects of rTMS treatment in neuropsychiatry? Med Hypotheses. 2008 Aug; 71(2):279-82. PMID: 18434040.
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  334. Cappelletti M, Fregni F, Shapiro K, Pascual-Leone A, Caramazza A. Processing nouns and verbs in the left frontal cortex: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. J Cogn Neurosci. 2008 Apr; 20(4):707-20. PMID: 18052789; PMCID: PMC2567816.
  335. Wu AD, Fregni F, Simon DK, Deblieck C, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease and dystonia. Neurotherapeutics. 2008 Apr; 5(2):345-61. PMID: 18394576; PMCID: PMC3270324.
  336. Zago S, Ferrucci R, Fregni F, Priori A. Bartholow, Sciamanna, Alberti: pioneers in the electrical stimulation of the exposed human cerebral cortex. Neuroscientist. 2008 Oct; 14(5):521-8. PMID: 18219054.
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  337. Wagner T, Eden U, Fregni F, Valero-Cabre A, Ramos-Estebanez C, Pronio-Stelluto V, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and brain atrophy: a computer-based human brain model study. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Apr; 186(4):539-50. PMID: 18193208; PMCID: PMC3374637.
  338. Edwards D, Fregni F. Modulating the healthy and affected motor cortex with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in stroke: development of new strategies for neurorehabilitation. NeuroRehabilitation. 2008; 23(1):3-14. PMID: 18356585.
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  339. Fregni F, Liguori P, Fecteau S, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. Cortical stimulation of the prefrontal cortex with transcranial direct current stimulation reduces cue-provoked smoking craving: a randomized, sham-controlled study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Jan; 69(1):32-40. PMID: 18312035.
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  340. Kuo MF, Grosch J, Fregni F, Paulus W, Nitsche MA. Focusing effect of acetylcholine on neuroplasticity in the human motor cortex. J Neurosci. 2007 Dec 26; 27(52):14442-7. PMID: 18160652.
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  341. Fregni F, Orsati F, Pedrosa W, Fecteau S, Tome FA, Nitsche MA, Mecca T, Macedo EC, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. Transcranial direct current stimulation of the prefrontal cortex modulates the desire for specific foods. Appetite. 2008 Jul; 51(1):34-41. PMID: 18243412; PMCID: PMC3541023.
  342. Jensen MP, Hakimian S, Sherlin LH, Fregni F. New insights into neuromodulatory approaches for the treatment of pain. J Pain. 2008 Mar; 9(3):193-9. PMID: 18096437.
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  343. Williams J; Fregni F. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Electroconvulsive Therapy and Neuromodulation. 2007; To be published.
  344. Rigonatti SP, Boggio PS, Myczkowski ML, Otta E, Fiquer JT, Ribeiro RB, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Transcranial direct stimulation and fluoxetine for the treatment of depression. Eur Psychiatry. 2008 Jan; 23(1):74-6. PMID: 18023968.
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  345. Fecteau S, Knoch D, Fregni F, Sultani N, Boggio P, Pascual-Leone A. Diminishing risk-taking behavior by modulating activity in the prefrontal cortex: a direct current stimulation study. J Neurosci. 2007 Nov 14; 27(46):12500-5. PMID: 18003828.
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  346. Roizenblatt S, Fregni F, Gimenez R, Wetzel T, Rigonatti SP, Tufik S, Boggio PS, Valle AC. Site-specific effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on sleep and pain in fibromyalgia: a randomized, sham-controlled study. Pain Pract. 2007 Dec; 7(4):297-306. PMID: 17986164.
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  347. Alonso-Alonso M, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Brain stimulation in poststroke rehabilitation. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2007; 24 Suppl 1:157-66. PMID: 17971652.
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  348. Hemond CC, Fregni F. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in neurology: what we have learned from randomized controlled studies. Neuromodulation. 2007 Oct; 10(4):333-44. PMID: 22150892.
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  349. Silva G, Miksad R, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Jain S, Gomes DL, Amancio EJ, Boggio PS, Correa CF, Fregni F. Treatment of cancer pain with noninvasive brain stimulation. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2007 Oct; 34(4):342-5. PMID: 17903664; PMCID: PMC2763264.
  350. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Freedman SD. Pain in chronic pancreatitis: a salutogenic mechanism or a maladaptive brain response? Pancreatology. 2007; 7(5-6):411-22. PMID: 17898531; PMCID: PMC2826873.
  351. Gross M, Nakamura L, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Has repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment for depression improved? A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the recent vs. the earlier rTMS studies. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Sep; 116(3):165-73. PMID: 17655557.
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  352. Cardoso EF, Fregni F, Martins Maia F, Boggio PS, Luis Myczkowski M, Coracini K, Lopes Vieira A, Melo LM, Sato JR, Antonio Marcolin M, Rigonatti SP, Cruz AC, Reis Barbosa E, Amaro E. rTMS treatment for depression in Parkinson's disease increases BOLD responses in the left prefrontal cortex. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2008 Mar; 11(2):173-83. PMID: 17708780.
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  353. Boggio PS, Sultani N, Fecteau S, Merabet L, Mecca T, Pascual-Leone A, Basaglia A, Fregni F. Prefrontal cortex modulation using transcranial DC stimulation reduces alcohol craving: a double-blind, sham-controlled study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 Jan 01; 92(1-3):55-60. PMID: 17640830.
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  354. Hemond C, Fregni F. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in neurology: what we have learned from randomized controlled studies. Neuromodulation. 2007; in press.
  355. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Technology insight: noninvasive brain stimulation in neurology-perspectives on the therapeutic potential of rTMS and tDCS. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2007 Jul; 3(7):383-93. PMID: 17611487.
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  356. Valle AC, Dionisio K, Pitskel NB, Pascual-Leone A, Orsati F, Ferreira MJ, Boggio PS, Lima MC, Rigonatti SP, Fregni F. Low and high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of spasticity. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2007 Jul; 49(7):534-8. PMID: 17593127.
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  357. Boggio PS, Rigonatti SP, Ribeiro RB, Myczkowski ML, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. A randomized, double-blind clinical trial on the efficacy of cortical direct current stimulation for the treatment of major depression. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2008 Mar; 11(2):249-54. PMID: 17559710; PMCID: PMC3372849.
  358. Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Zald DH, Liguori P, Théoret H, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Activation of prefrontal cortex by transcranial direct current stimulation reduces appetite for risk during ambiguous decision making. J Neurosci. 2007 Jun 06; 27(23):6212-8. PMID: 17553993.
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  359. Felipe Fregni. Use of a non-expensive method of noninvasive brain stimulation for the treatment of fibromyalgia (MPH thesis). 2007.
  360. Ramos-Estebanez C, Merabet LB, Machii K, Fregni F, Thut G, Wagner TA, Romei V, Amedi A, Pascual-Leone A. Visual phosphene perception modulated by subthreshold crossmodal sensory stimulation. J Neurosci. 2007 Apr 11; 27(15):4178-81. PMID: 17428995.
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  361. Rosa MA, Rosa MO, Marcolin MA, Fregni F. Cardiovascular effects of anesthesia in ECT: a randomized, double-blind comparison of etomidate, propofol, and thiopental. J ECT. 2007 Mar; 23(1):6-8. PMID: 17435563.
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  362. Wagner T, Fregni F, Fecteau S, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation: a computer-based human model study. Neuroimage. 2007 Apr 15; 35(3):1113-24. PMID: 17337213.
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  363. Fregni F, Freedman S, Pascual-Leone A. Recent advances in the treatment of chronic pain with non-invasive brain stimulation techniques. Lancet Neurol. 2007 Feb; 6(2):188-91. PMID: 17239806.
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  364. Cappelletti M, Barth H, Fregni F, Spelke ES, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS over the intraparietal sulcus disrupts numerosity processing. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Jun; 179(4):631-42. PMID: 17216413; PMCID: PMC2567820.
  365. Edwards DJ, Mastaglia FL, Byrnes ML, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Thickbroom GW. Supraspinal inputs reduce corticomotor excitability during passive movement: evidence from a pure sensory stroke. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2007; 25(5-6):527-33. PMID: 18334770.
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  366. Thomas R, Fregni F. A novel method - Direct Current (DC) carotid body stimulation - to treat periodic breathing and central sleep apnea (SA). 2007.
  367. Boggio PS, Nunes A, Rigonatti SP, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Repeated sessions of noninvasive brain DC stimulation is associated with motor function improvement in stroke patients. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2007; 25(2):123-9. PMID: 17726271.
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  368. Negreiros DP, Fregni F, Scalco AZ. Global aphasia without hemiparesis: stroke or conversion disorder?. Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica. 2007; 34(1):23-27.
  369. Boggio PS, Bermpohl F, Vergara AO, Muniz AL, Nahas FH, Leme PB, Rigonatti SP, Fregni F. Go-no-go task performance improvement after anodal transcranial DC stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in major depression. J Affect Disord. 2007 Aug; 101(1-3):91-8. PMID: 17166593.
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  370. Fregni F, Gimenes R, Valle AC, Ferreira MJ, Rocha RR, Natalle L, Bravo R, Rigonatti SP, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio PS. A randomized, sham-controlled, proof of principle study of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Dec; 54(12):3988-98. PMID: 17133529.
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  371. Fregni F, Liebetanz D, Monte-Silva KK, Oliveira MB, Santos AA, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Guedes RC. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation coupled with repetitive electrical stimulation on cortical spreading depression. Exp Neurol. 2007 Mar; 204(1):462-6. PMID: 17113079.
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  372. Boggio PS, Alonso-Alonso M, Mansur CG, Rigonatti SP, Schlaug G, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Hand function improvement with low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in a severe case of stroke. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Nov; 85(11):927-30. PMID: 17079967.
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  373. Nair DG, Hutchinson S, Fregni F, Alexander M, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaug G. Imaging correlates of motor recovery from cerebral infarction and their physiological significance in well-recovered patients. Neuroimage. 2007 Jan 01; 34(1):253-63. PMID: 17070707; PMCID: PMC2577311.
  374. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Bermpohl F, Maia F, Rigonatti SP, Barbosa ER, Pascual-Leone A. Immediate placebo effect in Parkinson's disease--is the subjective relief accompanied by objective improvement? Eur Neurol. 2006; 56(4):222-9. PMID: 17057382.
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  375. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Santos MC, Lima M, Vieira AL, Rigonatti SP, Silva MT, Barbosa ER, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive cortical stimulation with transcranial direct current stimulation in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2006 Oct; 21(10):1693-702. PMID: 16817194.
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  376. Fregni F, Otachi PT, Do Valle A, Boggio PS, Thut G, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. A randomized clinical trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with refractory epilepsy. Ann Neurol. 2006 Oct; 60(4):447-55. PMID: 17068786.
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  377. Fregni F, Marcondes R, Boggio PS, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Sanchez TG, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Transient tinnitus suppression induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation. Eur J Neurol. 2006 Sep; 13(9):996-1001. PMID: 16930367.
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  378. Marcolin MA, Souza Filho JL, Teixeira MJ, Fregni F. Transient visual changes associated with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in cases of major depression. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2006 Sep; 28(3):251. PMID: 17063224.
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  379. Rosa MA, Gattaz WF, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F, Rosa MO, Rumi DO, Myczkowski M, Silva MF, Mansur C, Rigonatti SP, Jacobsen Teixeira M, Marcolin MA. Comparison of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy in unipolar non-psychotic refractory depression: a randomized, single-blind study. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Dec; 9(6):667-76. PMID: 16923322.
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  380. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Gaab N, Alsop D, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Attentional modulation of emotional stimulus processing: an fMRI study using emotional expectancy. Hum Brain Mapp. 2006 Aug; 27(8):662-77. PMID: 16317710.
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  381. Boggio PS, Ferrucci R, Rigonatti SP, Covre P, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on working memory in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Sci. 2006 Nov 01; 249(1):31-8. PMID: 16843494.
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  382. Boggio PS, Castro LO, Savagim EA, Braite R, Cruz VC, Rocha RR, Rigonatti SP, Silva MT, Fregni F. Enhancement of non-dominant hand motor function by anodal transcranial direct current stimulation. Neurosci Lett. 2006 Aug 14; 404(1-2):232-6. PMID: 16808997.
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  383. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Valle AC, Rocha RR, Duarte J, Ferreira MJ, Wagner T, Fecteau S, Rigonatti SP, Riberto M, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A. A sham-controlled trial of a 5-day course of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Stroke. 2006 Aug; 37(8):2115-22. PMID: 16809569.
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  384. Fregni F, Ono CR, Santos CM, Bermpohl F, Buchpiguel C, Barbosa ER, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. Effects of antidepressant treatment with rTMS and fluoxetine on brain perfusion in PD. Neurology. 2006 Jun 13; 66(11):1629-37. PMID: 16769932.
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  385. Conforto AB, Fregni F, Puglia P, Leite Cda C, Yamamoto FI, Coracini KF, Scaff M. Comparison between digital subtraction angiography and magnetic resonance angiography in investigation of nonlacunar ischemic stroke in young patients: preliminary results. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2006 Jun; 64(2B):353-8. PMID: 16917600.
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  386. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Valle AC, Otachi P, Thut G, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Fecteau S, Pascual-Leone A, Fiore L, Valente K. Homeostatic effects of plasma valproate levels on corticospinal excitability changes induced by 1Hz rTMS in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Jun; 117(6):1217-27. PMID: 16644277.
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  387. Patrizi F, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Novel therapeutic approaches to the treatment of chronic abdominal visceral pain. ScientificWorldJournal. 2006 Apr 18; 6:472-90. PMID: 16633700.
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  388. Marcondes R, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Tinnitus and brain activation: insights from transcranial magnetic stimulation. Ear Nose Throat J. 2006 Apr; 85(4):233-4, 236-8. PMID: 16696357.
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  389. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche MA, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A. Treatment of major depression with transcranial direct current stimulation. Bipolar Disord. 2006 Apr; 8(2):203-4. PMID: 16542193.
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  390. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Lima MC, Ferreira MJ, Wagner T, Rigonatti SP, Castro AW, Souza DR, Riberto M, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. A sham-controlled, phase II trial of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of central pain in traumatic spinal cord injury. Pain. 2006 May; 122(1-2):197-209. PMID: 16564618.
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  391. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Silva MT. [Transcranial magnetic stimulation in neuropsychology: new horizons for brain research]. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2006 Mar; 28(1):44-9. PMID: 16612490.
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  392. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Hand motor recovery after stroke: tuning the orchestra to improve hand motor function. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2006 Mar; 19(1):21-33. PMID: 16633016.
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  393. Wagner T, Fregni F, Eden U, Ramos-Estebanez C, Grodzinsky A, Zahn M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and stroke: a computer-based human model study. Neuroimage. 2006 Apr 15; 30(3):857-70. PMID: 16473528.
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  394. Dias AE, Barbosa ER, Coracini K, Maia F, Marcolin MA, Fregni F. Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on voice and speech in Parkinson's disease. Acta Neurol Scand. 2006 Feb; 113(2):92-9. PMID: 16411969.
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  395. Fregni F, Thome-Souza S, Nitsche MA, Freedman SD, Valente KD, Pascual-Leone A. A controlled clinical trial of cathodal DC polarization in patients with refractory epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2006 Feb; 47(2):335-42. PMID: 16499758.
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  396. Liebetanz D, Fregni F, Monte-Silva KK, Oliveira MB, Amâncio-dos-Santos A, Nitsche MA, Guedes RC. After-effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on cortical spreading depression. Neurosci Lett. 2006 May 01; 398(1-2):85-90. PMID: 16448754.
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  397. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Boggio P. Development of a portable device of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of major depression. 2006.
  398. Carey JR, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. rTMS combined with motor learning training in healthy subjects. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2006; 24(3):191-9. PMID: 16873974.
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  399. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Schachter S. Development of EEG algorithms for an EEG-guided tDCS system to enhance the antiepileptic effects of tDCS. 2006.
  400. Fregni F. Clinical Applications of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Neurology (MMSs thesis) . 2006.
  401. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche MA, Rigonatti SP, Pascual-Leone A. Cognitive effects of repeated sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with depression. Depress Anxiety. 2006; 23(8):482-4. PMID: 16845648.
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  402. Bermpohl F, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Thut G, Northoff G, Otachi PT, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. Effect of low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation on an affective go/no-go task in patients with major depression: role of stimulation site and depression severity. Psychiatry Res. 2006 Jan 30; 141(1):1-13. PMID: 16352348.
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  403. Fregni F, Simon DK, Wu A, Pascual-Leone A. Non-invasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2005 Dec; 76(12):1614-23. PMID: 16291882; PMCID: PMC1739437.
  404. Fregni F, DaSilva D, Potvin K, Ramos-Estebanez C, Cohen D, Pascual-Leone A, Freedman SD. Treatment of chronic visceral pain with brain stimulation. Ann Neurol. 2005 Dec; 58(6):971-2. PMID: 16315281.
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  405. Fregni F, Marcolin MA, Myczkowski M, Amiaz R, Hasey G, Rumi DO, Rosa M, Rigonatti SP, Camprodon J, Walpoth M, Heaslip J, Grunhaus L, Hausmann A, Pascual-Leone A. Predictors of antidepressant response in clinical trials of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Dec; 9(6):641-54. PMID: 16939662.
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  406. Bermpohl F, Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Merabet LB, Fregni F, Gaab N, Alsop D, Schlaug G, Northoff G. Dissociable networks for the expectancy and perception of emotional stimuli in the human brain. Neuroimage. 2006 Apr 01; 30(2):588-600. PMID: 16275018.
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  407. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2005 Nov; 30(6):434; author reply 434-5. PMID: 16327880; PMCID: PMC1277028.
  408. Fregni F, O'Connor M, Pascual-Leone A. ECT and rTMS for depression. Br J Psychiatry. 2005 Oct; 187:386; author reply 386-7. PMID: 16237836.
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  409. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression in neurologic disorders. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2005 Oct; 7(5):381-90. PMID: 16216159.
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  410. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Mansur CG, Wagner T, Ferreira MJ, Lima MC, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Freedman SD, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Neuroreport. 2005 Sep 28; 16(14):1551-5. PMID: 16148743.
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  411. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Bermpohl F, Mansur CG, Rosa M, Rumi DO, Barbosa ER, Odebrecht Rosa M, Pascual-Leone A, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Araujo Silva MT. Effect of repetitive TMS and fluoxetine on cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease and concurrent depression. Mov Disord. 2005 Sep; 20(9):1178-84. PMID: 15895421.
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  412. Fregni F, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for epilepsy: can it also improve depression and vice versa? Epilepsy Behav. 2005 Sep; 7(2):182-9. PMID: 16054872.
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  413. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche M, Bermpohl F, Antal A, Feredoes E, Marcolin MA, Rigonatti SP, Silva MT, Paulus W, Pascual-Leone A. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of prefrontal cortex enhances working memory. Exp Brain Res. 2005 Sep; 166(1):23-30. PMID: 15999258.
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  414. Fregni F, Thome-Souza S, Bermpohl F, Marcolin MA, Herzog A, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. Antiepileptic effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with cortical malformations: an EEG and clinical study. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2005; 83(2-3):57-62. PMID: 15990468.
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  415. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Seekins H, Helm-Estabrooks N, Cayer-Meade C, Kobayashi M, Theoret H, Fregni F, Tormos JM, Kurland J, Doron KW, Pascual-Leone A. Improved naming after TMS treatments in a chronic, global aphasia patient--case report. Neurocase. 2005 Jun; 11(3):182-93. PMID: 16006338; PMCID: PMC1307171.
  416. Mansur CG, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Riberto M, Gallucci-Neto J, Santos CM, Wagner T, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. A sham stimulation-controlled trial of rTMS of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients. Neurology. 2005 May 24; 64(10):1802-4. PMID: 15911819.
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  417. Fregni F, Boggio PS, Nitsche M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial direct current stimulation. Br J Psychiatry. 2005 May; 186:446-7. PMID: 15863752.
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  418. Bermpohl F, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Thut G, Northoff G, Otachi PT, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Pascual-Leone A. Left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation impairs performance in affective go/no-go task. Neuroreport. 2005 Apr 25; 16(6):615-9. PMID: 15812319.
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  419. Naeser MA, Martin PI, Nicholas M, Baker EH, Seekins H, Kobayashi M, Theoret H, Fregni F, Maria-Tormos J, Kurland J, Doron KW, Pascual-Leone A. Improved picture naming in chronic aphasia after TMS to part of right Broca's area: an open-protocol study. Brain Lang. 2005 Apr; 93(1):95-105. PMID: 15766771.
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  420. Fregni F, Monte-Silva KK, Oliveira MB, Freedman SD, Pascual-Leone A, Guedes RC. Lasting accelerative effects of 1 Hz and 20 Hz electrical stimulation on cortical spreading depression: relevance for clinical applications of brain stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Apr; 21(8):2278-84. PMID: 15869525.
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  421. Kahn I, Pascual-Leone A, Theoret H, Fregni F, Clark D, Wagner AD. Transient disruption of ventrolateral prefrontal cortex during verbal encoding affects subsequent memory performance. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Jul; 94(1):688-98. PMID: 15758048.
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  422. Théoret H, Halligan E, Kobayashi M, Fregni F, Tager-Flusberg H, Pascual-Leone A. Impaired motor facilitation during action observation in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Curr Biol. 2005 Feb 08; 15(3):R84-5. PMID: 15694294.
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  423. Rumi DO, Gattaz WF, Rigonatti SP, Rosa MA, Fregni F, Rosa MO, Mansur C, Myczkowski ML, Moreno RA, Marcolin MA. Transcranial magnetic stimulation accelerates the antidepressant effect of amitriptyline in severe depression: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Jan 15; 57(2):162-6. PMID: 15652875.
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  424. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Valente KD. A therapeutic window for transcranial magnetic stimulation in refractory epilepsy. J Epilepsy Clin Neurophysiol. 2005; 11(4):177-181.
  425. Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Fregni F, Merabet LB. The plastic human brain cortex. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2005; 28:377-401. PMID: 16022601.
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  426. Fregni F, Santos CM, Myczkowski ML, Rigolino R, Gallucci-Neto J, Barbosa ER, Valente KD, Pascual-Leone A, Marcolin MA. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is as effective as fluoxetine in the treatment of depression in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Aug; 75(8):1171-4. PMID: 15258224; PMCID: PMC1739189.
  427. Martin PI, Naeser MA, Theoret H, Tormos JM, Nicholas M, Kurland J, Fregni F, Seekins H, Doron K, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation as a complementary treatment for aphasia. Semin Speech Lang. 2004 May; 25(2):181-91. PMID: 15118944.
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  428. Fregni F, Merabet L, Pascual-Leone A, Marcolin MA. Modulation in motor threshold after a severe episode of gastrointestinal distress. J ECT. 2004 Mar; 20(1):50-1. PMID: 15087999.
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  429. Fregni F, Conceição Souza GE, Taricco MA, Mutarelli EG. Phrenic paresis and respiratory insufficiency associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2004 Mar; 146(3):309-12; discussion 312. PMID: 15015056.
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  430. Fregni F, Marcolin MA. Clinical Applications of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Clinical Practice. Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica. 2004; 31(5):216-220.
  431. Fregni F. Comparison of rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation and fluoxetine in patients with Parkinson’s disease and depression: a randomized trial (PhD thesis). 2004.
  432. Fregni F, Conforto AB, Martin MG, Leite CC, Yamamoto FI, Scaff M. Magnetic resonance imaging of Wallerian degeneration in stroke. Arch Neurol. 2003 Oct; 60(10):1466-7. PMID: 14568820.
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  433. Fregni F, Castelo-Branco LE, Conforto AB, Yamamoto FI, Campos CR, Puglia P, Caldas JG, Scaff M. Treatment of subclavian steal syndrome with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting: case report. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2003 Mar; 61(1):95-9. PMID: 12715028.
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  434. Machado FC, Fregni F, Campos CR, Limongi JC. [Bilateral hemifacial spasm: case report]. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2003 Mar; 61(1):115-8. PMID: 12715033.
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  435. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to treat Parkinson Disease. Journal Watch Neurology (NEJM). 2003; 5(10):73-74.
  436. Resende Campos C, Fregni F, Massaro AR, Scaff M. Pure alexia and hemianopia related to dissection of the internal carotid artery. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2003; 15(1-2):151-2. PMID: 12499728.
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  437. Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a new tool for the treatment of depression?. Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica. 2001; 28(5):253-265.
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