Harvard Catalyst Profiles

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Steven L. Gortmaker, Ph.D.

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Overview
Steven Gortmaker is Professor of the Practice of Health Sociology where he directs the Harvard Chan School of Public Health Prevention Research Center on Nutrition and Physical Activity (HPRC). The mission of the HPRC is to work with communities, state and local government, and other partners to develop, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies to improve nutrition and physical activity, reduce obesity and chronic disease risk among children, youth, and their families, and to reduce and eliminate disparities in these outcomes. We work with a wide range of partners to translate and disseminate this work at community, state and national levels.

I currently direct the Childhood Obesity Intervention Cost-Effectiveness Study (CHOICES). Over the past three decades, more and more people living in the United States have developed obesity, which puts them at greater risk for diabetes, heart disease and cancer. If current trends continue, the majority of today's children-59 percent-will grow up to have obesity when they are age 35. This is why CHOICES is working to identify effective prevention policies and programs that will help more children achieve and maintain a healthy weight and deliver the best results for the dollars invested. We use cost-effectiveness analysis to compare the costs and outcomes of different policies and programs, and microsimulation models to create virtual populations of people based on "big data" (e.g. US Census, National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System). Starting in 2015, the CHOICES team began partnerships to translate results into action. Together with the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) and the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), we have created Learning Collaborative Partnerships with state and city health agencies and both statewide and local partners. We have worked with 15 states and cities: Alaska, Washington State, Hawaii, Oklahoma, Denver, San Antonio, Mississippi, Minnesota, West Virginia, New Hampshire, Philadelphia, Allegheny Country (including Pittsburgh), Detroit, Houston and Salt Lake County. The CHOICES Learning Collaborative Partnership provides training, technical assistance, resources and tools on cost-effectiveness analysis for use in local decision-making related to obesity prevention strategies and opportunities for peer-to-peer learning.

Dr. Gortmaker's research with colleagues has documented the "energy gap" responsible for recent increases in obesity among children and youth in the United States, and the important role played by excess intake of sugar sweetened beverages. He has been an author or coauthor of more than 240 published research articles, including the first report in the United States concerning the obesity epidemic among children and youth. These papers have helped to focus subsequent epidemiologic and intervention work in this field. In addition, Dr. Gortmaker and his colleagues have designed interventions that are low cost, easily disseminated, and sustainable. Such interventions include the school curriculums Planet Health and Eat Well and Keep Moving, the afterschool curriculum Food and Fun (jointly developed with YMCA of the USA), and the Out of School Nutrition and Physical Activity initiative (OSNAP). These interventions were evaluated with randomized trials and quasi-experimental designs. Recent studies include a four-paper obesity modeling series in the Lancet, and CHOICES papers in Health Affairs, Preventive Medicine and the New England Journal of Medicine.

Dr. Gortmaker earned his PhD from the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Research
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
  1. U48DP006376 (GORTMAKER, STEVEN L) Sep 30, 2019 - Sep 29, 2024
    NIH
    Prevention Research Center on Nutrition and Physical Activity
    Role: Principal Investigator
  2. R01HL146625 (GORTMAKER, STEVEN L) Apr 1, 2019 - Mar 31, 2023
    NIH
    Simulation Modeling and Disparities in Obesity and Chronic Disease
    Role: Principal Investigator
  3. U48DP001946 (GORTMAKER, STEVEN L) Sep 30, 2009 - Sep 29, 2015
    NIH
    HARVARD PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER ON NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY-CATEGORY 1
    Role: Principal Investigator
  4. U48DP000064 (GORTMAKER, STEVEN L) Sep 30, 2004 - Sep 29, 2009
    NIH
    Harvard Prevention Research Center on Nutrition
    Role: Principal Investigator
  5. R01HD030780 (GORTMAKER, STEVEN L) Dec 1, 1994 - Nov 30, 1998
    NIH
    SCHOOL-BASED MULTIETHNIC OBESITY PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION
    Role: Principal Investigator

Bibliographic
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Ward ZJ, Gortmaker SL. A rigorous evaluation of a method to adjust BMI for self-report bias. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2022 02; 30(2):284-285. PMID: 35043588.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  2. Fiechtner L, Perkins M, Biggs V, Langhans N, Sharifi M, Price S, Luo M, Locascio JJ, Hohman KH, Hodge H, Gortmaker S, Torres S, Taveras EM. Comparative Effectiveness of Clinical and Community-Based Approaches to Healthy Weight. Pediatrics. 2021 10; 148(4). PMID: 34470816.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  3. Fiechtner L, Sierra Velez D, Ayala SG, Castro I, Lindros J, Perkins M, Baker A, Salmon J, Biggs V, Cannon-Smith G, Smith JD, Simione M, Gortmaker SL, Taveras EM. Planned Evaluation of the Healthy Weight Clinic Pediatric Weight Management and Implementation: Massachusetts-CORD 3.0. Child Obes. 2021 09; 17(S1):S55-S61. PMID: 34569842.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  4. Fiechtner L, Castro I, Ayala SG, Velez DS, Lindros J, Perkins M, Baker A, Salmon J, Biggs V, Cannon-Smith G, Smith JD, Simione M, Gortmaker SL, Taveras EM. Design and Approach of the Healthy Weight Clinic Pediatric Weight Management Intervention Package and Implementation: Massachusetts-CORD 3.0. Child Obes. 2021 09; 17(S1):S48-S54. PMID: 34569841.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  5. Chung A, Tully L, Czernin S, Thompson R, Mansoor A, Gortmaker SL. Reducing risk of childhood obesity in the wake of covid-19. BMJ. 2021 08 10; 374:n1716. PMID: 34376381.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  6. Petimar J, Zhang F, Rimm EB, Simon D, Cleveland LP, Gortmaker SL, Bleich SN, Polacsek M, Roberto CA, Block JP. Changes in the calorie and nutrient content of purchased fast food meals after calorie menu labeling: A natural experiment. PLoS Med. 2021 07; 18(7):e1003714. PMID: 34252088.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  7. Grummon AH, Petimar J, Zhang F, Rao A, Gortmaker SL, Rimm EB, Bleich SN, Moran AJ, Franckle RL, Polacsek M, Simon D, Greene JC, Till S, Block JP. Calorie Labeling and Product Reformulation: A Longitudinal Analysis of Supermarket-Prepared Foods. Am J Prev Med. 2021 09; 61(3):377-385. PMID: 34103209.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  8. Zatz LY, Moran AJ, Franckle RL, Block JP, Hou T, Blue D, Greene JC, Gortmaker S, Bleich SN, Polacsek M, Thorndike AN, Rimm EB. Comparing Online and In-Store Grocery Purchases. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2021 06; 53(6):471-479. PMID: 34116742.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  9. Zatz LY, Moran AJ, Franckle RL, Block JP, Hou T, Blue D, Greene JC, Gortmaker S, Bleich SN, Polacsek M, Thorndike AN, Mande JR, Rimm EB. Comparing shopper characteristics by online grocery ordering use among households in low-income communities in Maine. Public Health Nutr. 2021 10; 24(15):5127-5132. PMID: 34030759.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  10. Kenney EL, Mozaffarian RS, Long MW, Barrett JL, Cradock AL, Giles CM, Ward ZJ, Gortmaker SL. Limiting Television to Reduce Childhood Obesity: Cost-Effectiveness of Five Population Strategies. Child Obes. 2021 10; 17(7):442-448. PMID: 33970695.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  11. Ward ZJ, Bleich SN, Long MW, Gortmaker SL. Association of body mass index with health care expenditures in the United States by age and sex. PLoS One. 2021; 16(3):e0247307. PMID: 33760880.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  12. Kenney EL, Bleich S, Gortmaker S. Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act: The Author Replies. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020 10; 39(10):1839. PMID: 33017242.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  13. Ward ZJ, Gortmaker SL. Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxes Are a Sweet Deal: Improve Health, Save Money, Reduce Disparities, and Raise Revenue. JNCI Cancer Spectr. 2020 Dec; 4(6):pkaa075. PMID: 33409453.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  14. Kenney EL, Barrett JL, Bleich SN, Ward ZJ, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. Impact Of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act On Obesity Trends. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020 07; 39(7):1122-1129. PMID: 32634356.
    Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  15. Kenney EL, Daly JG, Lee RM, Mozaffarian RS, Walsh K, Carter J, Gortmaker SL. Providing Students with Adequate School Drinking Water Access in an Era of Aging Infrastructure: A Mixed Methods Investigation. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 12 20; 17(1). PMID: 31861778.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  16. Ward ZJ, Bleich SN, Cradock AL, Barrett JL, Giles CM, Flax C, Long MW, Gortmaker SL. Projected U.S. State-Level Prevalence of Adult Obesity and Severe Obesity. N Engl J Med. 2019 12 19; 381(25):2440-2450. PMID: 31851800.
    Citations: 214     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  17. Kenney EL, Cradock AL, Long MW, Barrett JL, Giles CM, Ward ZJ, Gortmaker SL. Cost-Effectiveness of Water Promotion Strategies in Schools for Preventing Childhood Obesity and Increasing Water Intake. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2019 12; 27(12):2037-2045. PMID: 31746555.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  18. Lee RM, Barrett JL, Daly JG, Mozaffarian RS, Giles CM, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. Assessing the effectiveness of training models for national scale-up of an evidence-based nutrition and physical activity intervention: a group randomized trial. BMC Public Health. 2019 Nov 28; 19(1):1587. PMID: 31779603.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  19. Basto-Abreu A, Barrientos-Gutiérrez T, Vidaña-Pérez D, Colchero MA, Hernández-F M, Hernández-Ávila M, Ward ZJ, Long MW, Gortmaker SL. Cost-Effectiveness Of The Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Excise Tax In Mexico. Health Aff (Millwood). 2019 11; 38(11):1824-1831. PMID: 31682510.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  20. Petimar J, Zhang F, Cleveland LP, Simon D, Gortmaker SL, Polacsek M, Bleich SN, Rimm EB, Roberto CA, Block JP. Estimating the effect of calorie menu labeling on calories purchased in a large restaurant franchise in the southern United States: quasi-experimental study. BMJ. 2019 10 30; 367:l5837. PMID: 31666218.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  21. Long MW, Polacsek M, Bruno P, Giles CM, Ward ZJ, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and Stakeholder Evaluation of 2 Obesity Prevention Policies in Maine, US. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2019 Nov - Dec; 51(10):1177-1187. PMID: 31402290.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  22. Cradock AL, Barrett JL, Taveras EM, Peabody S, Flax CN, Giles CM, Gortmaker SL. Effects of a before-school program on student physical activity levels. Prev Med Rep. 2019 Sep; 15:100940. PMID: 31367511.
    Citations: 3     
  23. Daepp MIG, Gortmaker SL, Wang YC, Long MW, Kenney EL. WIC Food Package Changes: Trends in Childhood Obesity Prevalence. Pediatrics. 2019 05; 143(5). PMID: 30936251.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  24. Barnett EY, Ridker PM, Okechukwu CA, Gortmaker SL. Integrating children's physical activity enjoyment into public health dialogue (United States). Health Promot Int. 2019 Feb 01; 34(1):144-153. PMID: 29040574.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  25. Lee RM, Giles CM, Cradock AL, Emmons KM, Okechukwu C, Kenney EL, Thayer J, Gortmaker SL. Impact of the Out-of-School Nutrition and Physical Activity (OSNAP) Group Randomized Controlled Trial on Children's Food, Beverage, and Calorie Consumption among Snacks Served. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018 08; 118(8):1425-1437. PMID: 30055710.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
  26. Litman EA, Gortmaker SL, Ebbeling CB, Ludwig DS. Source of bias in sugar-sweetened beverage research: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr. 2018 08; 21(12):2345-2350. PMID: 29576024.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  27. Ward ZJ, Long MW, Resch SC, Giles CM, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. Simulation of Growth Trajectories of Childhood Obesity into Adulthood. N Engl J Med. 2017 11 30; 377(22):2145-2153. PMID: 29171811.
    Citations: 165     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Sharifi M, Franz C, Horan CM, Giles CM, Long MW, Ward ZJ, Resch SC, Marshall R, Gortmaker SL, Taveras EM. Cost-Effectiveness of a Clinical Childhood Obesity Intervention. Pediatrics. 2017 Nov; 140(5). PMID: 29089403.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  29. Brooks CJ, Barrett J, Daly J, Lee R, Blanding N, McHugh A, Williams D, Gortmaker S. A Community-Level Sodium Reduction Intervention, Boston, 2013-2015. Am J Public Health. 2017 12; 107(12):1951-1957. PMID: 29048959.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  30. Brooks CJ, Gortmaker SL, Long MW, Cradock AL, Kenney EL. Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Hydration Status Among US Adults and the Role of Tap Water and Other Beverage Intake. Am J Public Health. 2017 09; 107(9):1387-1394. PMID: 28727528.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  31. Taveras EM, Perkins M, Anand S, Woo Baidal JA, Nelson CC, Kamdar N, Kwass JA, Gortmaker SL, Barrett JL, Davison KK, Land T. Clinical effectiveness of the massachusetts childhood obesity research demonstration initiative among low-income children. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 07; 25(7):1159-1166. PMID: 28653504.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  32. Woo Baidal JA, Nelson CC, Perkins M, Colchamiro R, Leung-Strle P, Kwass JA, Gortmaker SL, Davison KK, Taveras EM. Childhood obesity prevention in the women, infants, and children program: Outcomes of the MA-CORD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 07; 25(7):1167-1174. PMID: 28653498.
    Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Franckle RL, Falbe J, Gortmaker S, Barrett JL, Giles C, Ganter C, Blaine RE, Buszkiewicz J, Taveras EM, Kwass JA, Land T, Davison KK. Student obesity prevalence and behavioral outcomes for the massachusetts childhood obesity research demonstration project. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 07; 25(7):1175-1182. PMID: 28653502.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  34. Kenney EL, Lee RM, Brooks CJ, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. What Do Children Eat in the Summer? A Direct Observation of Summer Day Camps That Serve Meals. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017 Jul; 117(7):1097-1103. PMID: 28330733.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
  35. Blaine RE, Franckle RL, Ganter C, Falbe J, Giles C, Criss S, Kwass JA, Land T, Gortmaker SL, Chuang E, Davison KK. Using School Staff Members to Implement a Childhood Obesity Prevention Intervention in Low-Income School Districts: the Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (MA-CORD Project), 2012-2014. Prev Chronic Dis. 2017 01 12; 14:E03. PMID: 28084989.
    Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  36. Kenney EL, Gortmaker SL. United States Adolescents' Television, Computer, Videogame, Smartphone, and Tablet Use: Associations with Sugary Drinks, Sleep, Physical Activity, and Obesity. J Pediatr. 2017 03; 182:144-149. PMID: 27988020.
    Citations: 52     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  37. Cradock AL, Barrett JL, Kenney EL, Giles CM, Ward ZJ, Long MW, Resch SC, Pipito AA, Wei ER, Gortmaker SL. Using cost-effectiveness analysis to prioritize policy and programmatic approaches to physical activity promotion and obesity prevention in childhood. Prev Med. 2017 02; 95 Suppl:S17-S27. PMID: 27773710.
    Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  38. Long MW, Gortmaker SL, Patel AI, Onufrak SJ, Wilking CL, Cradock AL. Public Perception of Quality and Support for Required Access to Drinking Water in Schools and Parks. Am J Health Promot. 2018 01; 32(1):72-74. PMID: 27698227.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  39. Blondin KJ, Giles CM, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL, Long MW. US States' Childhood Obesity Surveillance Practices and Recommendations for Improving Them, 2014-2015. Prev Chronic Dis. 2016 07 28; 13:E97. PMID: 27468156.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  40. Long MW, Ward ZJ, Resch SC, Cradock AL, Wang YC, Giles CM, Gortmaker SL. State-level estimates of childhood obesity prevalence in the United States corrected for report bias. Int J Obes (Lond). 2016 10; 40(10):1523-1528. PMID: 27460603.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  41. Rifas-Shiman SL, Taveras EM, Gortmaker SL, Hohman KH, Horan CM, Kleinman KP, Mitchell K, Price S, Prosser LA, Gillman MW. Two-year follow-up of a primary care-based intervention to prevent and manage childhood obesity: the High Five for Kids study. Pediatr Obes. 2017 06; 12(3):e24-e27. PMID: 27231236.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  42. Kenney EL, Gortmaker SL, Cohen JF, Rimm EB, Cradock AL. Limited School Drinking Water Access for Youth. J Adolesc Health. 2016 07; 59(1):24-9. PMID: 27235376.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  43. Dietz WH, Gortmaker SL. New Strategies to Prioritize Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity Interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2016 11; 51(5):e145-e150. PMID: 27130866.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  44. Criss S, Cheung L, Giles C, Gortmaker S, Viswanath K, Kwass JA, Davison K. Media Competition Implementation for the Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Study (MA-CORD): Adoption and Reach. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Apr 05; 13(4):403. PMID: 27058549.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  45. Criss S, Tran A, Ganter C, Aftosmes-Tobio A, Gortmaker S, Viswanath K, Kwass JA, Davison KK. A Cascade of Champions: A Qualitative Study about the MA-CORD Media Competition Implementation. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Apr 05; 13(4):404. PMID: 27058550.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. Muckelbauer R, Gortmaker SL, Libuda L, Kersting M, Clausen K, Adelberger B, Müller-Nordhorn J. Changes in water and sugar-containing beverage consumption and body weight outcomes in children. Br J Nutr. 2016 06; 115(11):2057-66. PMID: 27040694.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  47. Ward ZJ, Long MW, Resch SC, Gortmaker SL, Cradock AL, Giles C, Hsiao A, Wang YC. Redrawing the US Obesity Landscape: Bias-Corrected Estimates of State-Specific Adult Obesity Prevalence. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0150735. PMID: 26954566.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  48. Mozaffarian RS, Gortmaker SL, Kenney EL, Carter JE, Howe MC, Reiner JF, Cradock AL. Assessment of a Districtwide Policy on Availability of Competitive Beverages in Boston Public Schools, Massachusetts, 2013. Prev Chronic Dis. 2016 Mar 03; 13:E32. PMID: 26940299.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  49. Cradock AL, Barrett JL, Giles CM, Lee RM, Kenney EL, deBlois ME, Thayer JC, Gortmaker SL. Promoting Physical Activity With the Out of School Nutrition and Physical Activity (OSNAP) Initiative: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Feb; 170(2):155-62. PMID: 26641557.
    Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  50. Taveras EM, Davison KK, Perkins ME, Gortmaker S, Land T. In Reply to Dr. Anchondo and the Ellyn Satter Institute RE: MA-CORD. Child Obes. 2015 Dec; 11(6):733-4. PMID: 26583434.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  51. Gortmaker SL, Wang YC, Long MW, Giles CM, Ward ZJ, Barrett JL, Kenney EL, Sonneville KR, Afzal AS, Resch SC, Cradock AL. Three Interventions That Reduce Childhood Obesity Are Projected To Save More Than They Cost To Implement. Health Aff (Millwood). 2015 Nov; 34(11):1932-9. PMID: 26526252.
    Citations: 58     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  52. Wang YC, Pamplin J, Long MW, Ward ZJ, Gortmaker SL, Andreyeva T. Severe Obesity In Adults Cost State Medicaid Programs Nearly $8 Billion In 2013. Health Aff (Millwood). 2015 Nov; 34(11):1923-31. PMID: 26526251.
    Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  53. Cradock AL, Kenney EL, McHugh A, Conley L, Mozaffarian RS, Reiner JF, Gortmaker SL. Evaluating the Impact of the Healthy Beverage Executive Order for City Agencies in Boston, Massachusetts, 2011-2013. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 Sep 10; 12:E147. PMID: 26355828.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
  54. Kim SA, Blanck HM, Cradock A, Gortmaker S. Networking to Improve Nutrition Policy Research. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 Sep 10; 12:E148. PMID: 26355829.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  55. Kenney EL, Long MW, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. Kenney et al. Respond. Am J Public Health. 2015 Oct; 105(10):e6-7. PMID: 26270309.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  56. Afzal AS, Gortmaker S. The Relationship between Obesity and Cognitive Performance in Children: A Longitudinal Study. Child Obes. 2015 Aug; 11(4):466-74. PMID: 26258562.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  57. Kenney EL, Gortmaker SL, Carter JE, Howe MC, Reiner JF, Cradock AL. Grab a Cup, Fill It Up! An Intervention to Promote the Convenience of Drinking Water and Increase Student Water Consumption During School Lunch. Am J Public Health. 2015 Sep; 105(9):1777-83. PMID: 26180950.
    Citations: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  58. Gortmaker SL, Long MW, Resch SC, Ward ZJ, Cradock AL, Barrett JL, Wright DR, Sonneville KR, Giles CM, Carter RC, Moodie ML, Sacks G, Swinburn BA, Hsiao A, Vine S, Barendregt J, Vos T, Wang YC. Cost Effectiveness of Childhood Obesity Interventions: Evidence and Methods for CHOICES. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jul; 49(1):102-11. PMID: 26094231.
    Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  59. Wright DR, Kenney EL, Giles CM, Long MW, Ward ZJ, Resch SC, Moodie ML, Carter RC, Wang YC, Sacks G, Swinburn BA, Gortmaker SL, Cradock AL. Modeling the Cost Effectiveness of Child Care Policy Changes in the U.S. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jul; 49(1):135-47. PMID: 26094234.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  60. Barrett JL, Gortmaker SL, Long MW, Ward ZJ, Resch SC, Moodie ML, Carter R, Sacks G, Swinburn BA, Wang YC, Cradock AL. Cost Effectiveness of an Elementary School Active Physical Education Policy. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jul; 49(1):148-59. PMID: 26094235.
    Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  61. Long MW, Gortmaker SL, Ward ZJ, Resch SC, Moodie ML, Sacks G, Swinburn BA, Carter RC, Claire Wang Y. Cost Effectiveness of a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Excise Tax in the U.S. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jul; 49(1):112-23. PMID: 26094232.
    Citations: 64     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  62. Sonneville KR, Long MW, Ward ZJ, Resch SC, Wang YC, Pomeranz JL, Moodie ML, Carter R, Sacks G, Swinburn BA, Gortmaker SL. BMI and Healthcare Cost Impact of Eliminating Tax Subsidy for Advertising Unhealthy Food to Youth. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jul; 49(1):124-34. PMID: 26094233.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  63. Kenney EL, Long MW, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. Prevalence of Inadequate Hydration Among US Children and Disparities by Gender and Race/Ethnicity: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Am J Public Health. 2015 Aug; 105(8):e113-8. PMID: 26066941.
    Citations: 50     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  64. Kenney EL, Gortmaker SL, Davison KK, Bryn Austin S. The academic penalty for gaining weight: a longitudinal, change-in-change analysis of BMI and perceived academic ability in middle school students. Int J Obes (Lond). 2015 Sep; 39(9):1408-13. PMID: 25982793.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  65. Long MW, Tobias DK, Cradock AL, Batchelder H, Gortmaker SL. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of restaurant menu calorie labeling. Am J Public Health. 2015 May; 105(5):e11-24. PMID: 25790388.
    Citations: 48     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  66. Gortmaker SL, Polacsek M, Letourneau L, Rogers VW, Holmberg R, Lombard KA, Fanburg J, Ware J, Orr J. Evaluation of a primary care intervention on body mass index: the Maine Youth Overweight Collaborative. Child Obes. 2015 Apr; 11(2):187-93. PMID: 25719624.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  67. Franckle RL, Falbe J, Gortmaker S, Ganter C, Taveras EM, Land T, Davison KK. Insufficient sleep among elementary and middle school students is linked with elevated soda consumption and other unhealthy dietary behaviors. Prev Med. 2015 May; 74:36-41. PMID: 25712328.
    Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  68. Lobstein T, Jackson-Leach R, Moodie ML, Hall KD, Gortmaker SL, Swinburn BA, James WP, Wang Y, McPherson K. Child and adolescent obesity: part of a bigger picture. Lancet. 2015 Jun 20; 385(9986):2510-20. PMID: 25703114.
    Citations: 313     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  69. Kenney EL, Davison KK, Austin SB, Giles CM, Cradock AL, Lee RM, Gortmaker SL. Validity and reliability of a simple, low-cost measure to quantify children's dietary intake in afterschool settings. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2015 Mar; 115(3):426-432. PMID: 25596895.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  70. Davison KK, Falbe J, Taveras EM, Gortmaker S, Kulldorff M, Perkins M, Blaine RE, Franckle RL, Ganter C, Woo Baidal J, Kwass JA, Buszkiewicz J, Smith L, Land T. Evaluation overview for the Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (MA-CORD) project. Child Obes. 2015 02; 11(1):23-36. PMID: 25575095.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  71. Falbe J, Davison KK, Franckle RL, Ganter C, Gortmaker SL, Smith L, Land T, Taveras EM. Sleep duration, restfulness, and screens in the sleep environment. Pediatrics. 2015 Feb; 135(2):e367-75. PMID: 25560435.
    Citations: 52     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  72. Wilking CL, Cradock AL, Gortmaker SL. Harnessing the public health power of model codes to increase drinking water access in schools and childcare. J Law Med Ethics. 2015; 43 Suppl 1:69-72. PMID: 25846169.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  73. Taveras EM, Blaine RE, Davison KK, Gortmaker S, Anand S, Falbe J, Kwass JA, Perkins M, Giles C, Criss S, Colchamiro R, Woo Baidal J, Land T, Smith L. Design of the Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (MA-CORD) study. Child Obes. 2015 02; 11(1):11-22. PMID: 25469676.
    Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  74. Lee RM, Emmons KM, Okechukwu CA, Barrett JL, Kenney EL, Cradock AL, Giles CM, deBlois ME, Gortmaker SL. Validity of a practitioner-administered observational tool to measure physical activity, nutrition, and screen time in school-age programs. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014 Nov 28; 11:145. PMID: 25429898.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  75. Kenney EL, Austin SB, Cradock AL, Giles CM, Lee RM, Davison KK, Gortmaker SL. Identifying sources of children's consumption of junk food in Boston after-school programs, April-May 2011. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014 Nov 20; 11:E205. PMID: 25412028.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  76. Falbe J, Willett WC, Rosner B, Gortmaker SL, Sonneville KR, Field AE. Longitudinal relations of television, electronic games, and digital versatile discs with changes in diet in adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Oct; 100(4):1173-81. PMID: 25240080.
    Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
  77. Polacsek M, Orr J, O'Brien LM, Rogers VW, Fanburg J, Gortmaker SL. Sustainability of key Maine Youth Overweight Collaborative improvements: a follow-up study. Child Obes. 2014 Aug; 10(4):326-33. PMID: 25046206.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  78. Kenney EL, Giles CM, deBlois ME, Gortmaker SL, Chinfatt S, Cradock AL. Improving nutrition and physical activity policies in afterschool programs: results from a group-randomized controlled trial. Prev Med. 2014 Sep; 66:159-66. PMID: 24941286.
    Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  79. Neuman M, Kawachi I, Gortmaker S, Subramanian S. National economic development and disparities in body mass index: a cross-sectional study of data from 38 countries. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e99327. PMID: 24919199.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  80. Cespedes EM, Horan CM, Gillman MW, Gortmaker SL, Price S, Rifas-Shiman SL, Mitchell K, Taveras EM. Participant characteristics and intervention processes associated with reductions in television viewing in the High Five for Kids study. Prev Med. 2014 May; 62:64-70. PMID: 24518002.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  81. Gortmaker SL, Taveras EM. Who becomes obese during childhood--clues to prevention. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 30; 370(5):475-6. PMID: 24476437.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans