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profileThomas Henry Lee Jr., M.D.

TitleProfessor in the Department of Health Policy and Management
InstitutionHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
DepartmentHealth Policy and Management
AddressPartners Healthcare
Suite 1150, Prudential Towers
800 Boylston St.
Boston MA 02199
Phone617/278-1000
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Other Positions
TitleProfessor of Medicine, Part-time
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentMedicine
DivisionGeneral Medicine


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Collapse research activities and funding
The research activities and funding listed below are automatically derived from NIH ExPORTER and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing items. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
R01HS008302     (JOHNSON, PAULA A)Sep 1, 1996 - Nov 1, 2001
AHRQ
CARDIAC PROCEDURE USE: A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

R01HS006452     (LEE, THOMAS H)Jul 1, 1990 - Apr 30, 1994
AHRQ
OUTCOMES OF MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR CHEST PAIN
Role: Principal Investigator

R03HS005927     (LEE, THOMAS H)Jul 1, 1988 - Jun 30, 1989
AHRQ
RESOURCE UTILIZATION FOR PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CHEST PAIN
Role: Principal Investigator

K08HL001796     (LEE, THOMAS H)Jul 1, 1985 - Jun 30, 1990
NIH/NHLBI
PROGNOSTIC STRATIFICATION OF ACUTE CHEST PAIN PATIENTS
Role: Principal Investigator

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Collapse selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Groff AC, Colla CH, Lee TH. Days Spent at Home - A Patient-Centered Goal and Outcome. N Engl J Med. 2016 Oct 27; 375(17):1610-1612. PMID: 27783911.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Hamedani A, Safdar B, Aaronson E, Lee TH. Patient Experience Must Move Beyond Bad Apples. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Dec 20; 165(12):869-870. PMID: 27750283.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Porter ME, Lee TH. From Volume to Value in Health Care: The Work Begins. JAMA. 2016 Sep 13; 316(10):1047-8. PMID: 27623459.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Lee TH. Coming Back from the Dead. N Engl J Med. 2016 Aug 11; 375(6):507-9. PMID: 27509099.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Lee TH. Zero Pain Is Not the Goal. JAMA. 2016 Apr 19; 315(15):1575-7. PMID: 26978460.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Porter ME, Larsson S, Lee TH. Standardizing Patient Outcomes Measurement. N Engl J Med. 2016 Feb 11; 374(6):504-6. PMID: 26863351.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Dafny LS, Lee TH. The good merger. N Engl J Med. 2015 May 28; 372(22):2077-9. PMID: 26017820.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Porter ME, Lee TH. Why strategy matters now. N Engl J Med. 2015 Apr 30; 372(18):1681-4. PMID: 25923546.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Lee TH. Time-limited vs unlimited physician certification--reply. JAMA. 2015 Mar 17; 313(11):1167-8. PMID: 25781453.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Lee TH. Performance metrics as drivers of quality: getting to second gear. Circulation. 2015 Mar 17; 131(11):967-8. PMID: 25688145.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Chandra A, Khullar D, Lee TH. Addressing the challenge of gray-zone medicine. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jan 15; 372(3):203-5. PMID: 25587945.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Lee TH. Certifying the good physician: a work in progress. JAMA. 2014 Dec 10; 312(22):2340-2. PMID: 25490322.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Cassel CK, Conway PH, Delbanco SF, Jha AK, Saunders RS, Lee TH. Getting more performance from performance measurement. N Engl J Med. 2014 Dec 04; 371(23):2145-7. PMID: 25470691.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Blumenthal D, Compton-Phillips A, Cosgrove DM, Curfman GD, Delbanco T, Lee TH, Lee VS, Lipstein SH, Nath PA, Rosenthal MB. Innovation in health care leadership. N Engl J Med. 2014 Oct 30; 371(18):e26. PMID: 25317744.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Sayer C, Lee TH. Time after time--health policy implications of a three-generation case study. N Engl J Med. 2014 Oct 02; 371(14):1273-6. PMID: 25271599.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Seltzer SE, Lee TH. The transformation of diagnostic radiology in the ACO era. JAMA. 2014 Jul 16; 312(3):227-8. PMID: 25027135.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Lee TH. The word that shall not be spoken. N Engl J Med. 2013 Nov 07; 369(19):1777-9. PMID: 24195546.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Seddon N, Lee TH. Envy--a strategy for reform. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jun 13; 368(24):2245-7. PMID: 23758230.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Biller-Andorno N, Lee TH. Ethical physician incentives--from carrots and sticks to shared purpose. N Engl J Med. 2013 Mar 14; 368(11):980-2. PMID: 23484824.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Song Z, Lee TH. The era of delivery system reform begins. JAMA. 2013 Jan 02; 309(1):35-6. PMID: 23280220; PMCID: PMC3557522.
  21. Watson AJ, Singh K, Myint-U K, Grant RW, Jethwani K, Murachver E, Harris K, Lee TH, Kvedar JC. Evaluating a web-based self-management program for employees with hypertension and prehypertension: a randomized clinical trial. Am Heart J. 2012 Oct; 164(4):625-31. PMID: 23067923.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Lee T, Lee R. Ask the doctors. I am a 67-year-old woman with high blood pressure. Two weeks ago, I felt some chest pressure and went to the emergency department. The pain cleared up when they gave me an antacid. My EKG and blood tests were normal. The doctor thought my pain might be due to acid in my esophagus. But when my own doctor sent me for an exercise test, I got chest pain after about five minutes, and the cardiologist said my EKG showed abnormalities that are strongly suggestive of coronary disease. She prescribed a beta blocker and suggested cardiac catheterization. Do you agree with this? Harv Heart Lett. 2012 Oct; 23(2):2. PMID: 23437461.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Lee TH, Bothe A, Steele GD. How Geisinger structures its physicians' compensation to support improvements in quality, efficiency, and volume. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 Sep; 31(9):2068-73. PMID: 22949457.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Lee T, Lee R. Ask the doctors. I am a 62-year-old female with no chronic health problems, but I am about 10 pounds overweight. My new doctor wants to put me on a statin immediately. My total cholesterol is 187: my LDL is 129, my HDL is 47, and my triglycerides are 55. He is concerned because my father died of a heart attack from coronary artery disease. The doctor wants my HDL to be above 60 and my LDL to be below 100. Could this result be achieved by weight loss, dietary changes, and exercise alone? If not, which statin would you recommend? Harv Heart Lett. 2012 Aug; 22(12):2. PMID: 23025019.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Lee TH. Care redesign--a path forward for providers. N Engl J Med. 2012 Aug 02; 367(5):466-72. PMID: 22839740.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Lee TH, Goldman L. Letter by Lee and Goldman regarding article, "Development and validation of a risk calculator for prediction of cardiac risk after surgery". Circulation. 2012 Feb 21; 125(7):e385; author reply e386. PMID: 22354985.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Sequist TD, Morong SM, Marston A, Keohane CA, Cook EF, Orav EJ, Lee TH. Electronic risk alerts to improve primary care management of chest pain: a randomized, controlled trial. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Apr; 27(4):438-44. PMID: 21993999; PMCID: PMC3304044.
  28. Allen AS, Orav EJ, Lee TH, Sequist TD. Clinician personality and the evaluation of higher-risk patient symptoms. J Patient Saf. 2011 Sep; 7(3):122-6. PMID: 21738072.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Gandhi TK, Zuccotti G, Lee TH. Incomplete care--on the trail of flaws in the system. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 11; 365(6):486-8. PMID: 21830964.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Taitz JM, Lee TH, Sequist TD. A framework for engaging physicians in quality and safety. BMJ Qual Saf. 2012 Sep; 21(9):722-8. PMID: 21757468.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Lee TH. Putting the value framework to work. N Engl J Med. 2010 Dec 23; 363(26):2481-3. PMID: 21142527.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Bero CL, Lee TH. Achieving meaningful use: a health system perspective. Am J Manag Care. 2010 Dec; 16(12 Suppl HIT):SP9-12. PMID: 21314229.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Lee TH, Casalino LP, Fisher ES, Wilensky GR. Creating accountable care organizations. N Engl J Med. 2010 Oct 07; 363(15):e23. PMID: 20925537.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Gandhi TK, Lee TH. Patient safety beyond the hospital. N Engl J Med. 2010 Sep 09; 363(11):1001-3. PMID: 20825311.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Murphy MK, Brady TJ, Nasir K, Gazelle GS, Bamberg F, Truong QA, Mamuya WS, Abbara S, Lee TH, Blankstein R. Appropriateness and utilization of cardiac CT: implications for development of future criteria. J Nucl Cardiol. 2010 Oct; 17(5):881-9. PMID: 20552311.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. When I attempt to go into the outdoor pool at my beach club, I gasp for breath, get dizzy and light-headed, and have to get out. Several years ago, I read an article that some people who are very sensitive to cold water may sustain a heart attack from submersion into cold water. Is this a possibility? Harv Health Lett. 2010 May; 35(7):4. PMID: 20589961.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Lee TH. Turning doctors into leaders. Harv Bus Rev. 2010 Apr; 88(4):50-8. PMID: 20402055.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Blankstein R, Murphy MK, Nasir K, Gazelle GS, Batlle JC, Al-Mallah M, Shturman L, Hoffmann U, Cury RC, Abbara S, Brady TJ, Lee TH. Perceived usefulness of cardiac computed tomography as assessed by referring physicians and its effect on patient management. Am J Cardiol. 2010 May 01; 105(9):1246-53. PMID: 20403474.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Lee T. Ask the doctor. Six months after having my knee replaced (at age 88!), I developed a cardiac arrhythmia. I know of this happening to several other people, including a friend who developed an arrhythmia two months after having his hip replaced at age 76. Does joint replacement surgery often cause heart rhythm problems? Harv Heart Lett. 2010 Mar; 20(7):8. PMID: 20589996.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Lee T. Ask the doctor. I like sports, and now that I am in my 60s and have had some trouble with my heart, I mainly enjoy them on television. My family sees how excited I sometimes get watching a game and they worry that it is bad for my heart. I think they are going overboard. Can you tell my family to relax so I can enjoy the Super Bowl in peace? Harv Heart Lett. 2010 Feb; 20(6):8. PMID: 20380022.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Lee TH. Health reform requires confronting myths. Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc. 2010; 73(1):36-7. PMID: 20178204.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I am currently on Coumadin because I had atrial fibrillation after my bypass, Plavix because of my stent, and a baby aspirin. Why do I need to take three blood thinners? Harv Health Lett. 2009 Oct; 34(12):8. PMID: 19927388.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Roukis TS, Hyer CF, Philbin TM, Berlet GC, Lee TH. Complications associated with autogenous bone marrow aspirate harvest from the lower extremity: an observational cohort study. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec; 48(6):668-71. PMID: 19857823.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Bohmer RM, Lee TH. The shifting mission of health care delivery organizations. N Engl J Med. 2009 Aug 06; 361(6):551-3. PMID: 19657119.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Lee TH, Ferris TG. Pay for performance: a work in progress. Circulation. 2009 Jun 16; 119(23):2965-6. PMID: 19487591.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Tang PC, Lee TH. Your doctor's office or the Internet? Two paths to personal health records. N Engl J Med. 2009 Mar 26; 360(13):1276-8. PMID: 19321866.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Lee TH, Kantoff PW, McNaughton-Collins MF. Screening for prostate cancer. N Engl J Med. 2009 Mar 26; 360(13):e18. PMID: 19297563.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Richard AJ, Lee CI, Richard MG, Oo EK, Lee T, Stock L. Essential trauma management training: addressing service delivery needs in active conflict zones in eastern Myanmar. Hum Resour Health. 2009 Mar 03; 7:19. PMID: 19257894; PMCID: PMC2657773.
  49. Lee TH, Hillis LD, Nabel EG. CABG vs. stenting--clinical implications of the SYNTAX trial. N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 19; 360(8):e10. PMID: 19228613.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Shrank WH, Choudhry NK, Solomon DH, Snedden TM, Lee TH, Glynn RJ, Brown TV, Jolda C, Spetman M, Brookhart MA, Schneeweiss S, Avorn J. Rationale and design of the Study Assessing the Effect of Cardiovascular Medications Provided as Low-cost, Evidence-based Generic Samples (SAMPLES) trial. Am Heart J. 2009 Apr; 157(4):613-9. PMID: 19332186; PMCID: PMC2683845.
  51. Lee TH, Mongan JJ, Oberlander J, Rosenthal MB. Health care and the recession. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jan 22; 360(4):e5. PMID: 19164182.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Scheffler R, Bodenheimer T, Lombardo P, Starfield B, Morris W, Treadway K, Woodson G, Goroll AH, Hartstein A, Lee TH. The future of primary care--the community responds. N Engl J Med. 2008 Dec 18; 359(25):2636-9. PMID: 19092149.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Lee TH, Bodenheimer T, Goroll AH, Starfield B, Treadway K. Perspective roundtable: redesigning primary care. N Engl J Med. 2008 Nov 13; 359(20):e24. PMID: 19005187.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Lee TH. The future of primary care: the need for reinvention. N Engl J Med. 2008 Nov 13; 359(20):2085-6. PMID: 19005189.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Baker CD, Caplan A, Davis K, Dentzer S, Epstein AM, Frist B, Galvin RS, King-Shaw RJ, Lee TH, Oberlander JB, Rosenbaum S, Schroeder SA, Tuckson RV. Health of the nation--coverage for all Americans. N Engl J Med. 2008 Aug 21; 359(8):777-80. PMID: 18716294.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Lee TH, Emanuel EJ. Tier 4 drugs and the fraying of the social compact. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jul 24; 359(4):333-5. PMID: 18650510.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Krumholz HM, Lee TH. Redefining quality--implications of recent clinical trials. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jun 12; 358(24):2537-9. PMID: 18539915.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Mongan JJ, Ferris TG, Lee TH. Options for slowing the growth of health care costs. N Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 03; 358(14):1509-14. PMID: 18385503.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Mongan JM, Ferris TA, Lee TH. Options for controlling healthcare costs. N Engl J Med (in press). 2008.
  60. Lee TH. Guidelines. a. Electrocardiography. pp 190-194 b. Exercise stress testing. pp 220-226 c. Use of echocardiography. pp 314-326 d. Nuclear cardiology. (with Udelson JE) pp 389-392 e. Appropriateness guidelines: cardiovascular magnetic resonance. pp 412-415 f. Appropriateness guidelines: cardiac computed tomography. pp 436-438 g. Coronary arteriography. Pp 501-508 h. Management of heart failure. pp 657-664 i. Ambulatory electrocardiography and electrophysiological testing. pp 823-830 j. Cardiac pacemakers and cardioverter defibrillators. pp 854-862 k. Atrial fibrillation. pp 923-932 l. Treatment of hypertension. pp 1068-1070 m. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction. pp 1314-1318 n. Unstable angina and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. pp 1344-1352 o. Chronic stable angina. (with Morrow DA) pp 1405-1418 p. Percutaneous coronary and valvular intervention. pp 1449-1456 q. Management of valvular heart disease. (with Bonow RO) pp 1693-1712 r. Infective endocarditis. pp 1734-1738 s. Pregnancy and heart disease. pp 1979-1982 t. Reducing cardiac risk with noncardiac surgery. pp 2028-2032 . In: Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Braunwald E. Braunwald’s Heart Disease. 8th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 2008.
  61. Lee TH. Measurement and improvement of quality of cardiovascular care. In: Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Braunwald E. Braunwald’s Heart Disease. 8th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 2008; 49-56.
  62. Cannon CP, Lee TH. Approach to the patient with chest pain. In: Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Braunwald E. Braunwald’s Heart Disease. 8th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 2008; 1195-1206.
  63. Milstein A, Lee TH. Comparing physicians on efficiency. N Engl J Med. 2007 Dec 27; 357(26):2649-52. PMID: 18160682.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Lee TH. Eulogy for a quality measure. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 20; 357(12):1175-7. PMID: 17881749.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Lee T. Ask the doctor. I was recently admitted to the hospital in the middle of the night with chest pain. When the doctors took my blood pressure, they found that it was much lower in my right arm than in my left. They rushed me in for a CT scan, saying they were looking for a "tear." Fortunately, there wasn't one, and the next day I underwent angioplasty. What was this tear they were worried about? Harv Heart Lett. 2007 Sep; 18(1):8. PMID: 18210633.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Lee TH. Pay for performance, version 2.0? N Engl J Med. 2007 Aug 09; 357(6):531-3. PMID: 17687128.
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  67. Lee TH, Torchiana DF, Lock JE. Is zero the ideal death rate? N Engl J Med. 2007 Jul 12; 357(2):111-3. PMID: 17625122.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Lee TH, Lock J, Torchiana D. Is zero the ideal mortality rate?. N Engl J Med. 2007; 357:111-113.
  69. Milstein A, Lee TH. Measuring physician efficiency – core issues. N Engl J Med. 2007; 357:2649-2652.
  70. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I'm an 86-year-old man with type 2 diabetes. I get my eyes checked, eat carefully, and test my blood sugar. I exercise in the gym three times a week and still play tennis once a week. Recently, I read new studies that say type 2 diabetes may be a precursor to Alzheimer's disease. It scared the heck out of me. What do you think? Harv Health Lett. 2006 Dec; 32(2):8. PMID: 17297730.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Sequist TD, Marshall R, Lampert S, Buechler EJ, Lee TH. Missed opportunities in the primary care management of early acute ischemic heart disease. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Nov 13; 166(20):2237-43. PMID: 17101942.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Lee T. Ask the doctor. I'm worried that someday I will confuse my heartburn with my angina or a heart attack and end up in the emergency room for nothing. How do I tell the difference? Harv Heart Lett. 2006 Mar; 16(7):8. PMID: 19663034.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Lee TH, Mongan JJ. Are healthcare’s problems incurable? One integrated delivery system’s program for transforming its care. The Brookings Institution. web access: http://www.brook.edu/views/papers/20061215_lee.htm. 2006.
  74. Mongan JJ, Mechanic R, Lee TH. Transforming U.S. health care: policy challenges affecting the integration and improvement of care. The Brookings Institution. web access: http://www.brook.edu/views/papers/20061215_mongan.htm. 2006.
  75. Lee TH. Can we cross the quality chasm? The case for realistic optimism. Am Heart Hosp J. 2006; 4(1):16-9. PMID: 16470098.
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  76. Lee TH, Zapert K. Do high-deductible health plans threaten quality of care? N Engl J Med. 2005 Sep 22; 353(12):1202-4. PMID: 16177246.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I haven't had such good luck with my heart--a heart attack ten years ago and angioplasty with two stents inserted last year. Would it make sense for me to have a yearly stress test? If I had been doing that after my heart attack, maybe my doctor would have seen the blockage and we could have done something about it earlier. Harv Heart Lett. 2005 Aug; 15(12):8. PMID: 16200673.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. In a new study I heard about, people who had leaky mitral valves but no symptoms benefited from an operation to fix the valve. Many of the people in the study had mitral valve prolapse, as I do, but my doctor says I don't have a heart murmur. Would surgery help me? Harv Heart Lett. 2005 May; 15(9):8. PMID: 15898152.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I am 86 and have atrial fibrillation. I started taking warfarin to avoid blood clots, but right away developed a very high bleeding time and needed to be hospitalized. I don't want to go through that again. Is there another approach for me? Harv Heart Lett. 2005 May; 15(9):8. PMID: 15900620.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Mongan JJ, Lee TH. Do we really want broad access to health care? N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 24; 352(12):1260-3. PMID: 15788505.
    View in: PubMed
  81. Lee TH. Quiet in the library. N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 17; 352(11):1068. PMID: 15784662.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. Sometime soon I will need to have my aortic valve replaced. I like the fact that mechanical valves last longer than biological valves, but I don't like the fact that they require you to take the blood thinner Coumadin to prevent blood clots. I have heard that one of the new mechanical valves won't require Coumadin, just aspirin. Is that so? Harv Heart Lett. 2005 Mar; 15(7):8. PMID: 15816080.
    View in: PubMed
  83. Sequist TD, Bates DW, Cook EF, Lampert S, Schaefer M, Wright J, Sato L, Lee TH. Prediction of missed myocardial infarction among symptomatic outpatients without coronary heart disease. Am Heart J. 2005 Jan; 149(1):74-81. PMID: 15660037.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Lee TH. Rationing influenza vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2004 Dec 02; 351(23):2365-6. PMID: 15575049.
    View in: PubMed
  85. Lee TH. Exercise training reduced ischemic events more than percutaneous coronary intervention in stable coronary artery disease. ACP J Club. 2004 Nov-Dec; 141(3):58. PMID: 15518442.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Murff HJ, Orav EJ, Lee TH, Bates DW, Fairchild DG. Patient satisfaction profiling of individual physicians: impact of panel status. J Eval Clin Pract. 2004 Nov; 10(4):553-61. PMID: 15482419.
    View in: PubMed
  87. Rinfret S, Goldman L, Polanczyk CA, Cook EF, Lee TH. Value of immediate postoperative electrocardiogram to update risk stratification after major noncardiac surgery. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Oct 15; 94(8):1017-22. PMID: 15476615.
    View in: PubMed
  88. Morimoto T, Fukui T, Lee TH, Matsui K. Application of U.S. guidelines in other countries: aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events in Japan. Am J Med. 2004 Oct 01; 117(7):459-68. PMID: 15464702.
    View in: PubMed
  89. Polanczyk CA, Lee TH. ST depression as a long-term risk predictor in the era of invasive management of coronary syndromes. Am J Med. 2004 Aug 01; 117(3):200-1. PMID: 15300971.
    View in: PubMed
  90. Brennan TA, Lee TH. Allergic to generics. Ann Intern Med. 2004 Jul 20; 141(2):126-30. PMID: 15262668.
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  91. Lee TH, Meyer GS, Brennan TA. A middle ground on public accountability. N Engl J Med. 2004 Jun 03; 350(23):2409-12. PMID: 15175444.
    View in: PubMed
  92. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. Because I take the blood thinner warfarin (Coumadin), my doctor said I shouldn't take aspirin. Aren't there any anti-inflammatory drugs I can take for my arthritis that won't increase my chances of a bleeding problem? Harv Heart Lett. 2004 Apr; 14(8):8. PMID: 15100089.
    View in: PubMed
  93. Fitzgerald JD, Orav EJ, Lee TH, Marcantonio ER, Poss R, Goldman L, Mangione CM. Patient quality of life during the 12 months following joint replacement surgery. Arthritis Rheum. 2004 Feb 15; 51(1):100-9. PMID: 14872462.
    View in: PubMed
  94. Lee TH. Getting to the heart of the question. Harv Health Lett. 2004 Feb; 29(4):3. PMID: 14980875.
    View in: PubMed
  95. Epstein AM, Lee TH, Hamel MB. Paying physicians for high-quality care. N Engl J Med. 2004 Jan 22; 350(4):406-10. PMID: 14736934.
    View in: PubMed
  96. Lee TH. "Me-too" products--friend or foe? N Engl J Med. 2004 Jan 15; 350(3):211-2. PMID: 14724297.
    View in: PubMed
  97. Lee TH. Guidelines. a. Electrocardiography. pp 149-152 b. Exercise stress testing. pp 178-186 c. Use of echocardiography. pp 261-270 d. Nuclear cardiology. pp 331-334 e. Management of heart failure. pp 617-624 f. Ambulatory electrocardiography and electrophysiological testing. pp 757-766 g. Cardiac pacemakers and cardioverter defibrillators. pp 796-802 h. Treatment of hypertension. pp 1010-1012 i. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction. pp 1240-1242 j. Unstable angina. pp 1273-1280 k. Chronic stable angina. pp 1342-1354 l. Percutaneous coronary and valvular intervention. pp 1398-1402 m. Management of valvular heart disease. pp 1621-1632 n. Infective endocarditis. pp 1656-1658 o. Pregnancy. pp 1983-1984 p. Reducing cardiac risk with noncardiac surgery. pp 2035-2038 . In: Braunwald E, Zipes DP, Libby P. Heart Disease. 7th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 2004.
  98. Lee TH, Cannon CP. Approach to the patient with chest pain. In: Braunwald E, Zipes DP, Libby. Heart Disease. 7th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 2004; 1129-1140.
  99. Lee TH. Interpretation of data for clinical decisions. Cecil’s Textbook of Medicine. 22nd edition. 2004; 23-28.
  100. Lee TH. Measurement and improvement of quality of cardiovascular care. In: Braunwald E, Zipes DP, Libby. Heart Disease. 7th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 2004; 35-42.
  101. Lee TH. Me-too products: friend or foe?. N Engl J Med. 2004; 350:211-212.
  102. Epstein AE, Lee TH, Hamel MB. Paying for performance. N Engl J Med. 2004; 350:406-410.
  103. Lee TH. Chest discomfort and palpitations. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 16th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2004; 76-81.
  104. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I've been on warfarin (Coumadin) since 1979 after having a Starr-Edwards valve put in. The cardiologist insists on aggressive therapy and wants my INR at 3.5. But I've had several serious bleeds in the past year and was hospitalized three times. What's the current thinking about adequate INR levels for patients with metal heart valves? Harv Health Lett. 2003 Dec; 29(2):8. PMID: 14690983.
    View in: PubMed
  105. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. My husband's total cholesterol was 71 for a few months. he cut back on his statin and now it's in the low 90s. His HDL is 50 and his LDL in the 40s. Should we be worried about such low levels? Harv Health Lett. 2003 Dec; 29(2):8. PMID: 14690981.
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  106. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I'm 72, with no history of heart trouble. But my cholesterol is in the 220s, and I have been taking Lipitor for three years. I am thinking about buying a home defibrillator, primarily for myself but also for any emergency (although my wife is 52 and in excellent health). What's your advice? Harv Health Lett. 2003 Dec; 29(2):8. PMID: 14690982.
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  107. Fleischmann KE, Goldman L, Young B, Lee TH. Association between cardiac and noncardiac complications in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: outcomes and effects on length of stay. Am J Med. 2003 Nov; 115(7):515-20. PMID: 14599629.
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  108. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. Can you help me out? I've been taking warfarin (Coumadin) for two years now because of a deep-vein thrombus that broke off and went to my lungs. I'd like to get off it. I've also had a hard time managing my vitamin K levels and have been told to cut back on fruits and vegetables. Harv Health Lett. 2003 Oct; 28(12):8. PMID: 14576030.
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  109. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I am a 50-year-old man with congestive heart failure. My doctor has me on all the usual drugs, and a couple of years ago added spironolactone. I did okay with it for a while, but then began to notice that my breasts were getting bigger and began to hurt. My doctor agreed that I should stop taking spironolactone, but I wonder if I am missing out on something. Harv Heart Lett. 2003 Oct; 14(2):8. PMID: 14576040.
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  110. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I just got my cholesterol checked, and I'm confused. LDL is bad and HDL is good, so how can they be combined into an overall number that makes any sense? Isn't that like an accountant mixing debits with credits? Wouldn't it make more sense to have a net cholesterol number (HDL minus LDL), or perhaps a ratio? Harv Health Lett. 2003 Sep; 28(11):8. PMID: 14505971.
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  111. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. Three years ago, my husband went to a sleep clinic for his snoring. He was diagnosed with moderate sleep apnea and given a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device. He has been sleeping like a baby ever since--and so have I. Here's my question: when he reapplied for life insurance, his rating went from super-preferred to borderline insurable. Is there that much risk, even though he faithfully wears his mask every night? I would warn anyone who has a snoring problem to get life insurance before going to the sleep clinic! Harv Health Lett. 2003 Sep; 28(11):8. PMID: 14505972.
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  112. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. When I was first diagnosed with hypertension, my doctor (who knew that I was a competitive cyclist) prescribed an ACE inhibitor. I wondered for some time why he didn't prescribe diuretics, since all the articles I've read recommend that as a beginning step. Then I read in a bicycling magazine that ACE inhibitors are the only hypertension medicine that doesn't interfere with aerobic performance. Is that true? And did my doctor do the right thing? Harv Health Lett. 2003 Jun; 28(8):8. PMID: 12835145.
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  113. Solomon DH, Lee TH. Patient self-management in arthritis? Yes, more research! J Rheumatol. 2003 Jun; 30(6):1133-4. PMID: 12784380.
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  114. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I'm 84, 5-foot-9, and weigh 160. I do an hour's exercise every day. I take a diuretic, potassium, and calcium-channel blocker. Should I also take Lipitor to avoid a heart attack? Harv Health Lett. 2003 Apr; 28(6):8. PMID: 12777236.
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  115. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I took the diet drug sibutramine (Meridia) for two months but stopped when I heard that its use had been linked to some deaths. During this time I developed mitral valve regurgitation. Could this have been a side effect of Meridia? Harv Heart Lett. 2003 Mar; 13(7):8. PMID: 12654587.
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  116. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. A heart attack caused me to develop heart rhythm problems. These made it necessary for me to get an implantable cardioventer/defibrillator (ICD) that can shock my heart back to a normal rhythm. My medical story is a lot like Vice President Dick Cheney's, but my social situation isn't--I don't have anyone to drive me around. My doctor doesn't want me to drive. But depending on friends and family is a major problem, and we don't live near public transportation. Any suggestions? Harv Heart Lett. 2003 Jan; 13(5):8. PMID: 12543615.
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  117. de Brantes F, Galvin RS, Lee TH. Bridges to Excellence: Building a business case for quality care. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management. 2003; 10:439-446.
  118. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. Every so often I get a feeling of pressure around my heart that can last for hours. It worries me since I've already had several procedures for coronary artery disease. Can episodes of angina last this long? Harv Heart Lett. 2003 Jan; 13(5):8. PMID: 12543614.
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  119. Jacobson BC, Ferris TG, Shea TL, Mahlis EM, Lee TH, Wang TC. Who is using chronic acid suppression therapy and why? Am J Gastroenterol. 2003 Jan; 98(1):51-8. PMID: 12526936.
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  120. Lee TH. Error-reduction as a focus for quality improvement: trends affecting physicians. Harrisons On Line. http://harrisons.accessmedicine.com/server-java/Arknoid/amed/harrisons/ex_editorials/edl3624_p01.html. 2003.
  121. Lee TH. Non-cardiac surgery in patients with heart disease. In: Rutherford JD. Cardiology Core Curriculum. London: BMJ Books. 2003; 476-503.
  122. Lee TH. Cardiac noninvasive testing. In Braunwald E, Goldman L. Primary Cardiology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. 2003; 47-61.
  123. Lee TH. A broader concept of medical errors. N Engl J Med. 2002 Dec 12; 347(24):1965-7. PMID: 12477949.
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  124. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I'm a 51-year-old man with no risk factors for heart disease other than being male. My blood pressure and cholesterol levels are fine. I exercise, and my diet is pretty good. I've never smoked. Yet I recently underwent a triple bypass for sudden chest pain. What could have caused this blockage and can I prevent future problems? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Dec; 13(4):8. PMID: 12499159.
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  125. Wataganara T, LeShane ES, Farina A, Messerlian GM, Lee T, Canick JA, Bianchi DW. Maternal serum cell-free fetal DNA levels are increased in cases of trisomy 13 but not trisomy 18. Hum Genet. 2003 Feb; 112(2):204-8. PMID: 12522563.
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  126. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I try to exercise every day to raise my heart rate. The standard formula of 220 minus age (I'm 79) times 0.9 gives an excessively high target for me. Because my resting heart rate is under 50, I would need to more than double my heart rate to reach a target of 128. Does the standard formula apply to people like me? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Nov; 13(3):8. PMID: 12453763.
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  127. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. In early July, the New York Times Magazine published an article that had good things to say about the Atkins high-protein diet. It also claimed that low-fat diets might be harmful. This shocked many of us who have been following a low-fat diet to reduce our risk from heart disease. Have we been barking up the wrong tree all these years? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Nov; 13(3):8. PMID: 12453762.
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  128. Lee TH. Proving and improving the value of consultations. Am J Med. 2002 Oct 15; 113(6):527-8. PMID: 12427506.
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  129. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I have diabetes, coronary artery disease, and heart failure. My doctor wants me to take a beta blocker, but I have heard that these drugs might be dangerous for people like me. Should I follow her advice? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Oct; 13(2):8. PMID: 12393348.
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  130. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. Taking a cholesterol-lowering statin has brought down my bad cholesterol (LDL) to only 37 mg/dL. My liver and muscles are fine. The very low LDL worries my doctor. Should I change my regimen? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Oct; 13(2):8. PMID: 12393347.
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  131. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I have had a bad back for years and finally started seeing a chiropractor. She's proposed a series of "spinal manipulation" sessions. A friend has had them and says they worked great. But I'm nervous about it. Harv Health Lett. 2002 Sep; 27(11):8. PMID: 12356567.
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  132. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I frequently have to get up at night to help my sick wife. Because I must be up promptly in the morning for my business, I need to get back to sleep quickly and not lie there for an hour or two waiting for nature to take its course. But the doctors I've approached won't prescribe a sleeping pill. They make me feel like a junkie for asking. What's so bad about sleeping pills? Harv Health Lett. 2002 Sep; 27(11):8. PMID: 12356568.
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  133. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. My husband is 72 and had a bad heart attack six months ago. He is so depressed and some days barely wants to get out of bed. He says, "Of course I'm depressed. I have a bad heart." My son thinks he ought to be taking an antidepressant. Harv Health Lett. 2002 Aug; 27(10):8. PMID: 12217839.
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  134. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I have atherosclerosis in the arteries of my heart and neck, and my doctors want me to take aspirin. I also have arthritis and take Naprosyn for it every day. I have heard that Naprosyn can prevent blood clots, just like aspirin does. Can I just take Naprosyn, or do I still need to take aspirin, too, to protect my heart and brain from blood clots? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Aug; 12(12):8. PMID: 12217848.
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  135. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I have had heart failure since my heart attack a year ago. My physician initially prescribed lisinopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Unfortunately, I was one of the unlucky people who got a cough with this drug that was so annoying I had to stop taking it. Now my doctor wants me to try a newer drug called valsartan. Is it likely to help me? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Jul; 12(11):8. PMID: 12138046.
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  136. Lee TH. By the way, doctor. I read that they're now selling a cheaper version of Mevacor. But I've also heard that Mevacor isn't as effective as the other statins. What do you think? Harv Health Lett. 2002 Jun; 27(8):8. PMID: 12079817.
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  137. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. My total cholesterol level is well below 200. My LDL is low, my HDL high, and my triglycerides and homocysteine are both in the "desirable" range. The one thing out of whack is that my lipoprotein(a) level is more than double the "normal" limit. My cardiologist wants me to take niacin to bring it down. I can't find any information on how serious a problem this is, especially in the context of otherwise good cholesterol levels and a healthy lifestyle. (I exercise 5 days a week; eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet; and am not overweight.). Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Jun; 12(10):8. PMID: 12079826.
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  138. Cannon CP, Hand MH, Bahr R, Boden WE, Christenson R, Gibler WB, Eagle K, Lambrew CT, Lee TH, MacLeod B, Ornato JP, Selker HP, Steele P, Zalenski RJ. Critical pathways for management of patients with acute coronary syndromes: an assessment by the National Heart Attack Alert Program. Am Heart J. 2002 May; 143(5):777-89. PMID: 12040337.
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  139. Rothschild JM, Lee TH, Bae T, Bates DW. Clinician use of a palmtop drug reference guide. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002 May-Jun; 9(3):223-9. PMID: 11971883; PMCID: PMC344582.
  140. Fleischmann KE, Goldman L, Johnson PA, Krasuski RA, Bohan JS, Hartley LH, Lee TH. Critical pathways for patients with acute chest pain at low risk. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2002 Apr; 13(2):89-96. PMID: 12101386.
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  141. Lee TH. Ask the doctor. I've been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation. My daughter gave me a clipping from a natural health magazine that says the most common reason for this heart rhythm problem is magnesium deficiency. Is there any truth to this? Harv Heart Lett. 2002 Apr; 12(8):8. PMID: 11959519.
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  142. Mandl KD, Lee TH. Integrating medical informatics and health services research: the need for dual training at the clinical health systems and policy levels. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002 Mar-Apr; 9(2):127-32. PMID: 11861627; PMCID: PMC344569.
  143. Lee TH, Brennan TA. Direct-to-consumer marketing of high-technology screening tests. N Engl J Med. 2002 Feb 14; 346(7):529-31. PMID: 11844859.
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  144. Mark DB, Lee TH. Conservative management of acute coronary syndrome: cheaper and better for you? Circulation. 2002 Feb 12; 105(6):666-8. PMID: 11839616.
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  145. Solomon DH, Warsi A, Brown-Stevenson T, Farrell M, Gauthier S, Mikels D, Lee TH. Does self-management education benefit all populations with arthritis? A randomized controlled trial in a primary care physician network. J Rheumatol. 2002 Feb; 29(2):362-8. PMID: 11838857.
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  146. Shea T, Ferris TG, Jacobson B, Wang TC, Lee TH. A program to improve the management of patients on long-term acid suppression medication. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management. 2002; 9:312-318.
  147. Mandl KD, Lee TH. Integrating medical informatics and health services research. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002; 346:529-531.
  148. Lee TH, Brennan, TA. Direct to consumer marketing of high technology screening tests. N Engl J Med. 2002; 346:529-531.
  149. Polanczyk CA, Rohde LE, Goldman L, Cook EF, Thomas EJ, Marcantonio ER, Mangione CM, Lee TH. Right heart catheterization and cardiac complications in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: an observational study. JAMA. 2001 Jul 18; 286(3):309-14. PMID: 11466096.
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  150. Lee TH. Ecology in evolution. N Engl J Med. 2001 Jun 28; 344(26):2018-20. PMID: 11430333.
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  151. Lee TH, Boucher CA. Clinical practice. Noninvasive tests in patients with stable coronary artery disease. N Engl J Med. 2001 Jun 14; 344(24):1840-5. PMID: 11407346.
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  152. Polanczyk CA, Marcantonio E, Goldman L, Rohde LE, Orav J, Mangione CM, Lee TH. Impact of age on perioperative complications and length of stay in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Apr 17; 134(8):637-43. PMID: 11304103.
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  153. Rohde LE, Polanczyk CA, Goldman L, Cook EF, Lee RT, Lee TH. Usefulness of transthoracic echocardiography as a tool for risk stratification of patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Mar 01; 87(5):505-9. PMID: 11230829.
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  154. Pearson SD, Kleefield SF, Soukop JR, Cook EF, Lee TH. Critical pathways intervention to reduce length of hospital stay. Am J Med. 2001 Feb 15; 110(3):175-80. PMID: 11182102.
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  155. Polanczyk CA, Lee TH. Potential pitfalls in the development of successful critical pathways. . In: Cannon CP, O’Gara PT. Critical Pathways in Cardiology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2001; 29-33.
  156. Lee TH. Chest discomfort and palpitations. In: Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL. Principles of Internal Medicine. 15st ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2001; 60-66.
  157. Lee TH. Managed Care. In: Burke LE, Ockene IS, eds. Compliance in Healthcare and Research. Armonk, NY: Futura Publishing Co. 2001; 311-316.
  158. Lee TH. Guidelines. a) Use of echocardiography. p 228-236. b) Cardiac radionuclide imaging. p 322-323. c) Management of heart failure. p 652-658. d) Ambulatory monitoring and electrophysiological testing. p 767-774. e) Use of cardiac pacemakers and antiarrhythmia devices. p 810-814. f) Diagnosis and management of acute myocardial infarction. p 1219-1231. g) Management of unstable angina/non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. p 1264-1272. h) Management of chronic ischemic heart disease. p 1353-1363. i) Prevention, evaluation, and management of infective endocarditis. p 1748-1750. j) Summary of guidelines for reducing cardiac risk with noncardiac surgery. p 2096-2097. . In: Braunwald E, Zipes DP, Libby. Heart Disease. 6th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 2001.
  159. Fleischmann KE, Lee TH. Critical pathways for evaluating the chest pain patient at low risk. In: Cannon CP, O’Gara PT. Critical Pathways in Cardiology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2001; 29-33.
  160. Lee TH, Solomon CA. Clinical practice – a new feature in the Journal. N Engl J Med. 2001; 344.
  161. Lee TH, Dudley J, Demonaco HJ. Drug effects on driving performance. Ann Intern Med. 2000 Oct 17; 133(8):656-7; author reply 657-8. PMID: 11033600.
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  162. Fairchild DG, Sussman AJ, Lee TH, Brennan TA. When sick patients switch primary care physicians: the impact on AMCs participating in capitation. Acad Med. 2000 Oct; 75(10):980-5. PMID: 11031140.
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  163. Lee TH. Gaps in quality of cardiovascular care transcend social bias. Circulation. 2000 Aug 29; 102(9):943-4. PMID: 10961954.
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  164. Lee TH, Goldman L. Evaluation of the patient with acute chest pain. N Engl J Med. 2000 Apr 20; 342(16):1187-95. PMID: 10770985.
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  165. Hickey ML, Cook EF, Rossi LP, Connor J, Dutkiewicz C, Hassan SM, Fay M, Lee TH, Fairchild DG. Effect of case managers with a general medical patient population. J Eval Clin Pract. 2000 Feb; 6(1):23-9. PMID: 10807021.
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  166. Lee TH, Cleeman JI, Grundy SM, Gillett C, Pasternak RC, Seidman J, Sennett C. Clinical goals and performance measures for cholesterol management in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. JAMA. 2000 Jan 05; 283(1):94-8. PMID: 10632286.
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  167. Lee TH. Consultation guidelines for primary care providers. Forum. 2000; 20:20.
  168. Lee TH. Clinical Judgement: Evidence in Practice (book review). N Engl J Med. 2000; 343:1426.
  169. Polanczyk CA, Kuntz KM, Sacks DB, Johnson PA, Lee TH. Emergency department triage strategies for acute chest pain using creatine kinase-MB and troponin I assays: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Dec 21; 131(12):909-18. PMID: 10610641.
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  170. Lee TH. Reducing cardiac risk in noncardiac surgery. N Engl J Med. 1999 Dec 09; 341(24):1838-40. PMID: 10588971.
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  171. Lee TH. Chest pain algorithms in the troponin era: time to integrate expertise. Am Heart J. 1999 Oct; 138(4 Pt 1):606-8. PMID: 10502201.
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  172. Lee TH, Marcantonio ER, Mangione CM, Thomas EJ, Polanczyk CA, Cook EF, Sugarbaker DJ, Donaldson MC, Poss R, Ho KK, Ludwig LE, Pedan A, Goldman L. Derivation and prospective validation of a simple index for prediction of cardiac risk of major noncardiac surgery. Circulation. 1999 Sep 07; 100(10):1043-9. PMID: 10477528.
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  173. Johnson PA, Goldman L, Sacks DB, Garcia T, Albano M, Bezai M, Pedan A, Cook EF, Lee TH. Cardiac troponin T as a marker for myocardial ischemia in patients seen at the emergency department for acute chest pain. Am Heart J. 1999 Jun; 137(6):1137-44. PMID: 10347343.
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  174. Lee TH. Economics and cost-effectiveness in evaluating the value of cardiovascular therapies. What constitutes a useful economic study? The health systems perspective. Am Heart J. 1999 May; 137(5):S67-70. PMID: 10220600.
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  175. Polanczyk CA, Johnson PA, Cook EF, Lee TH. A proposed strategy for utilization of creatine kinase-MB and troponin I in the evaluation of acute chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Apr 15; 83(8):1175-9. PMID: 10215279.
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  176. Lee TH. The pursuit of appropriate care: from "bench" to bedside. Am J Med. 1999 Apr; 106(4):484-5. PMID: 10225255.
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  177. Polanczyk CA, Lee TH, Cook EF, Walls R, Wybenga D, Johnson PA. Value of additional two-hour myoglobin for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction in the emergency department. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Feb 15; 83(4):525-9. PMID: 10073855.
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  178. Lee TH. The pursuit of appropriate care: From “bench” to “bedside.”. Am J Med. 1999; 106:484-485.
  179. Lee TH. What constitutes a useful economic study? The health systems perspective. Am Heart J. 1999; 137:S67-S70.
  180. Krasuski RA, Hartley LH, Lee TH, Polanczyk CA, Fleischmann KE. Weekend and holiday exercise testing in patients with chest pain. J Gen Intern Med. 1999 Jan; 14(1):10-4. PMID: 9893085; PMCID: PMC1496443.
  181. Lee TH. Interpretation of data for clinical decisions. In: Goldman L, Bennett JC. Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 21st ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co. 1999; 79-84.
  182. Lee TH. Chest pain algorithms in the troponin era. Am Heart J. 1999; 138:606-608.
  183. Lopez-Jimenez F, Goldman L, Johnson PA, Polanczyk CA, Cook EF, Fleischmann KE, Orav EJ, Lee TH. Effect of diabetes mellitus on the presentation and triage of patients with acute chest pain without known coronary artery disease. Am J Med. 1998 Dec; 105(6):500-5. PMID: 9870836.
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  184. Simon SR, Lee TH, Goldman L, McDonough AL, Pearson SD. Communication problems for patients hospitalized with chest pain. J Gen Intern Med. 1998 Dec; 13(12):836-8. PMID: 9844081; PMCID: PMC1497043.
  185. Lee TH. Guidelines as a strategy for preserving professional autonomy. Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1998 Nov 28; 128(48):1889-92. PMID: 9879616.
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  186. Goldhaber SZ, Morrison RB, Diran LL, Creager MA, Lee TH. Abbreviated hospitalization for deep venous thrombosis with the use of ardeparin. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Nov 23; 158(21):2325-8. PMID: 9827783.
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  187. Marcantonio ER, Goldman L, Orav EJ, Cook EF, Lee TH. The association of intraoperative factors with the development of postoperative delirium. Am J Med. 1998 Nov; 105(5):380-4. PMID: 9831421.
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  188. Polanczyk CA, Goldman L, Marcantonio ER, Orav EJ, Lee TH. Supraventricular arrhythmia in patients having noncardiac surgery: clinical correlates and effect on length of stay. Ann Intern Med. 1998 Aug 15; 129(4):279-85. PMID: 9729180.
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  189. Polanczyk CA, Lee TH, Cook EF, Walls R, Wybenga D, Printy-Klein G, Ludwig L, Guldbrandsen G, Johnson PA. Cardiac troponin I as a predictor of major cardiac events in emergency department patients with acute chest pain. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Jul; 32(1):8-14. PMID: 9669242.
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  190. Corley DA, Stefan AM, Wolf M, Cook EF, Lee TH. Early indicators of prognosis in upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Am J Gastroenterol. 1998 Mar; 93(3):336-40. PMID: 9517635.
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  191. Fairchild DG, Hickey ML, Cook EF, McCarthy RM, Rossi LP, Timmons SC, Mangione CM, Lee TH. A prediction rule for the use of postdischarge medical services. J Gen Intern Med. 1998 Feb; 13(2):98-105. PMID: 9502369; PMCID: PMC1496911.
  192. Polanczyk CA, Johnson PA, Hartley LH, Walls RM, Shaykevich S, Lee TH. Clinical correlates and prognostic significance of early negative exercise tolerance test in patients with acute chest pain seen in the hospital emergency department. Am J Cardiol. 1998 Feb 01; 81(3):288-92. PMID: 9468069.
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  193. Fleischmann KE, Lee TH. The evolution of the coronary care unit: past, present, and future. In: Brown DL, editors., Cardiac Intensive Care. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.;. 1998; 3-6.
  194. Lee TH. Cardiac noninvasive testing. In: Goldman L, Braunwald E, editors. Primary Cardiology. Philadephia: W.B. Saunders Co. 1998; 44-56.
  195. Lee TH, Cooper HL. Translating good advice into better practice. JAMA. 1997 Dec 17; 278(23):2108-9. PMID: 9403428.
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  196. Nichol G, Walls R, Goldman L, Pearson S, Hartley LH, Antman E, Stockman M, Teich JM, Cannon CP, Johnson PA, Kuntz KM, Lee TH. A critical pathway for management of patients with acute chest pain who are at low risk for myocardial ischemia: recommendations and potential impact. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Dec 01; 127(11):996-1005. PMID: 9412306.
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  197. Fleischmann KE, Lee RT, Come PC, Goldman L, Cook EF, Weissman MA, Johnson PA, Lee TH. Impact of valvular regurgitation and ventricular dysfunction on long-term survival in patients with chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Nov 15; 80(10):1266-72. PMID: 9388096.
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  198. Mangione CM, Goldman L, Orav EJ, Marcantonio ER, Pedan A, Ludwig LE, Donaldson MC, Sugarbaker DJ, Poss R, Lee TH. Health-related quality of life after elective surgery: measurement of longitudinal changes. J Gen Intern Med. 1997 Nov; 12(11):686-97. PMID: 9383137; PMCID: PMC1497188.
  199. Maisel WH, Kuntz KM, Reimold SC, Lee TH, Antman EM, Friedman PL, Stevenson WG. Risk of initiating antiarrhythmic drug therapy for atrial fibrillation in patients admitted to a university hospital. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Aug 15; 127(4):281-4. PMID: 9265427.
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  200. Eagle KA, Lee TH, Brennan TA, Krumholz HM, Weingarten S. 28th Bethesda Conference. Task Force 2: Guideline implementation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997 May; 29(6):1141-8. PMID: 9137207.
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  201. Lopez-Jimenez F, Goldman L, Sacks DB, Thomas EJ, Johnson PA, Cook EF, Lee TH. Prognostic value of cardiac troponin T after noncardiac surgery: 6-month follow-up data. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997 May; 29(6):1241-5. PMID: 9137219.
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  202. Lee TH. Effective reperfusion for acute myocardial infarction begins with effective health policy. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Apr 15; 126(8):652-3. PMID: 9103134.
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  203. Thomas EJ, Goldman L, Mangione CM, Marcantonio ER, Cook EF, Ludwig L, Sugarbaker D, Poss R, Donaldson M, Lee TH. Body mass index as a correlate of postoperative complications and resource utilization. Am J Med. 1997 Mar; 102(3):277-83. PMID: 9217597.
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  204. Fleischmann KE, Lee TH, Come PC, Goldman L, Cook EF, Caguoia E, Johnson PA, Albano MP, Lee RT. Echocardiographic prediction of complications in patients with chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Feb 01; 79(3):292-8. PMID: 9036747.
    View in: PubMed
  205. Pearson SD, Lee TH. Critical pathways as guidelines: issues in development, application, and measurement. . In: Casanova JE. Tools for the Task: The Role of Clinical Guidelines. Tampa, FL: American College of Physician Executives. 1997; 157-170.
  206. Eagle KA, Lee TH, Brennan TA, Krumholz HM, Weingarten S. Task Force 2. Guideline implementation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997; 29:1141-1147.
  207. Lee TH, Cooper HL. Translating good advice into better care. JAMA. 1997; 278:2108-9.
  208. Tsevat J, Pfeffer MA, Goldman L, Lee TH. Economic aspects of captopril treatment. Eur Heart J. 1997 Jan; 18(1):165. PMID: 9049528.
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  209. Goldman L, Lee TH. Use and misuse of consults. In: Longnecker DE, Tinker JH, Morgan GE Jr, editors., Principles and Practices of Anesthesiology. 2nd ed. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby. 1997; 149-156.
  210. Lee TH. Practice guidelines in cardiovascular medicine. In: Braunwald E, ed. Heart Disease. 5th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co. 1997; 1939-1996.
  211. DeMaria AN, Lee TH, Leon DF, Ullyot DJ, Wolk MJ, Mills PS, Fay SC, Brown JH, Flatau CN, Bodycombe DP. Effect of managed care on cardiovascular specialists: involvement, attitudes and practice adaptations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996 Dec; 28(7):1884-95. PMID: 8962580.
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  212. Tosteson AN, Goldman L, Udvarhelyi IS, Lee TH. Cost-effectiveness of a coronary care unit versus an intermediate care unit for emergency department patients with chest pain. Circulation. 1996 Jul 15; 94(2):143-50. PMID: 8674172.
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  213. Goldman L, Cook EF, Johnson PA, Brand DA, Rouan GW, Lee TH. Prediction of the need for intensive care in patients who come to emergency departments with acute chest pain. N Engl J Med. 1996 06 06; 334(23):1498-504. PMID: 8618604.
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  214. Petersen LA, Brennan TA, Lee TH. Residency overwork. Ann Intern Med. 1996 May 15; 124(10):933; author reply 934. PMID: 8610944.
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  215. Lee TH, Thomas EJ, Ludwig LE, Sacks DB, Johnson PA, Donaldson MC, Cook EF, Pedan A, Kuntz KM, Goldman L. Troponin T as a marker for myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Am J Cardiol. 1996 May 15; 77(12):1031-6. PMID: 8644653.
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  216. Hickey ML, Kleefield SF, Pearson SD, Hassan SM, Harding M, Haughie P, Lee TH, Brennan TA. Payer-hospital collaboration to improve patient satisfaction with hospital discharge. Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1996 May; 22(5):336-44. PMID: 8724688.
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  217. Matsui K, Goldman L, Johnson PA, Kuntz KM, Cook EF, Lee TH. Comorbidity as a correlate of length of stay for hospitalized patients with acute chest pain. J Gen Intern Med. 1996 May; 11(5):262-8. PMID: 8725974.
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  218. Johnson PA, Goldman L, Orav EJ, Zhou L, Garcia T, Pearson SD, Lee TH. Gender differences in the management of acute chest pain. Support for the "Yentl syndrome". J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Apr; 11(4):209-17. PMID: 8744878.
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  219. Lee TH. Beyond Guidelines. Can general internists show the (critical) paths? J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Mar; 11(3):174-5. PMID: 8667095.
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  220. Pearson SD, Lee TH, McCabe-Hassan S, Dorsey JL, Goldhaber SZ. A critical pathway to treat proximal lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis. Am J Med. 1996 Mar; 100(3):283-9. PMID: 8629673.
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  221. Schoenenberger RA, Pearson SD, Goldhaber SZ, Lee TH. Variation in the management of deep vein thrombosis: implications for the potential impact of a critical pathway. Am J Med. 1996 Mar; 100(3):278-82. PMID: 8629672.
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  222. Dudley JC, Brandenburg JA, Hartley LH, Harris S, Lee TH. Last-minute preoperative cardiology consultations: epidemiology and impact. Am Heart J. 1996 Feb; 131(2):245-9. PMID: 8579015.
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  223. Fleischmann KE, Wolff S, Lin CM, Reimold SC, Lee TH, Lee RT. Echocardiographic predictors of survival after surgery for mitral regurgitation in the age of valve repair. Am Heart J. 1996 Feb; 131(2):281-8. PMID: 8579022.
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  224. Hirsch DR, Lee TH, Morrison RB, Carlson W, Goldhaber SZ. Shortened hospitalization by means of adjusted-dose subcutaneous heparin for deep venous thrombosis. Am Heart J. 1996 Feb; 131(2):276-80. PMID: 8579021.
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  225. Lee TH. Beyond guidelines can general internists show the (critical) paths?. J Gen Int Med. 1996.
  226. Lee TH. Emergency Department Observation Units: Has the Time Come? J Thromb Thrombolysis. 1996; 3(3):257-261. PMID: 10613991.
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  227. Lee TH. The Harvard clinical effectiveness training programme. In: Peckham M, Smith R. The Scientific Basis of Health Services. BMJ Group. 1996; 7:65-71.
  228. Lee TH. Emergency department observation units: Has the time come?. J Thrombosis Thrombolysis. 1996; 3:257-261.
  229. Mangione CM, Donaldson MC, Goldman L et al. Perception of change in health status among patients undergoing vascular surgery. In: Greenhalgh RM, Fowkes FR. Trials and Tribulations of Vascular Surgery. Philadelphia: WB Saunders. 1996; 3-15.
  230. Lee TH. Legal Forum Editorial Content. SPINE. 1996; 21(1):148-149.
  231. Lee TH. Legal forum. Editorial comment. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996 Jan 01; 21(1):148-9. PMID: 9122756.
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  232. Pearson SD, Goulart-Fisher D, Lee TH. Critical pathways as a strategy for improving care: problems and potential. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Dec 15; 123(12):941-8. PMID: 7486490.
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  233. Lee TH. How do cardiologists fit in managed care? J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Nov 15; 26(6):1492-3. PMID: 7594075.
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  234. Lee TH. Collaborating to reduce costs in invasive cardiology: the Partners Healthcare experience. Partners Healthcare Invasive Cardiology Team. Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1995 Nov; 21(11):593-9. PMID: 8608330.
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  235. Pearson SD, Goldman L, Orav EJ, Guadagnoli E, Garcia TB, Johnson PA, Lee TH. Triage decisions for emergency department patients with chest pain: do physicians' risk attitudes make the difference? J Gen Intern Med. 1995 Oct; 10(10):557-64. PMID: 8576772.
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  236. Tsevat J, Duke D, Goldman L, Pfeffer MA, Lamas GA, Soukup JR, Kuntz KM, Lee TH. Cost-effectiveness of captopril therapy after myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Oct; 26(4):914-9. PMID: 7560617.
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  237. Pearson SD, Polak JL, Cartwright S, McCabe-Hassan S, Lee TH, Goldhaber SZ. A critical pathway to evaluate suspected deep vein thrombosis. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Sep 11; 155(16):1773-8. PMID: 7654111.
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  238. Kuntz KM, Lee TH. Cost-effectiveness of accepted measures for intervention in coronary heart disease. Coron Artery Dis. 1995 Jun; 6(6):472-8. PMID: 7551268.
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  239. Lee TH, Goldman L. Models of postdoctoral clinical research training. J Investig Med. 1995 Jun; 43(3):250-61. PMID: 7614071.
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  240. Lee TH. Cost effectiveness of tissue plasminogen activator. N Engl J Med. 1995 May 25; 332(21):1443-4. PMID: 7723804.
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  241. Bates DW, O'Neil AC, Petersen LA, Lee TH, Brennan TA. Evaluation of screening criteria for adverse events in medical patients. Med Care. 1995 May; 33(5):452-62. PMID: 7739271.
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  242. Bates DW, Pruess KE, Lee TH. How bad are bacteremia and sepsis? Outcomes in a cohort with suspected bacteremia. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Mar 27; 155(6):593-8. PMID: 7887754.
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  243. Lee TH, Pearson SD, Johnson PA, Garcia TB, Weisberg MC, Guadagnoli E, Cook EF, Goldman L. Failure of information as an intervention to modify clinical management. A time-series trial in patients with acute chest pain. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Mar 15; 122(6):434-7. PMID: 7856992.
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  244. Johnson PA, Goldman L, Orav EJ, Garcia T, Pearson SD, Lee TH. Comparison of the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey in black patients and white patients with acute chest pain. Med Care. 1995 Feb; 33(2):145-60. PMID: 7837823.
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  245. Lee TH, and the Private Sector Relations Committee of the American College of Cardiology. Evaluating the Quality of Cardiovascular Care: A Primer. 1995.
  246. Gaspoz JM, Lee TH, Goldman L. Emergency room evaluation and triage strategies for patients with acute chest pain: Lessons from the pre-thromolytic era. In: Califf RM, Mark DB, Wagner GS. Acute Coronary Care, Second ed. St. Louis: Mosby. 1995; 255-263.
  247. Chin MH, Cook EF, Lee TH, Goldman L. Correlates of major complications and mortality in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain and more than bibasilar rales. J Gen Intern Med. 1994 Dec; 9(12):659-65. PMID: 7876947.
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  248. Petersen LA, Brennan TA, O'Neil AC, Cook EF, Lee TH. Does housestaff discontinuity of care increase the risk for preventable adverse events? Ann Intern Med. 1994 Dec 01; 121(11):866-72. PMID: 7978700.
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  249. Marcantonio ER, Juarez G, Goldman L, Mangione CM, Ludwig LE, Lind L, Katz N, Cook EF, Orav EJ, Lee TH. The relationship of postoperative delirium with psychoactive medications. JAMA. 1994 Nov 16; 272(19):1518-22. PMID: 7966844.
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  250. Gaspoz JM, Lee TH, Weinstein MC, Cook EF, Goldman P, Komaroff AL, Goldman L. Cost-effectiveness of a new short-stay unit to "rule out" acute myocardial infarction in low risk patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Nov 01; 24(5):1249-59. PMID: 7930247.
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  251. Bates DW, Lee TH. Projected impact of monoclonal anti-endotoxin antibody therapy. Arch Intern Med. 1994 Jun 13; 154(11):1241-9. PMID: 8203991.
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  252. Pearson SD, Goldman L, Garcia TB, Cook EF, Lee TH. Physician response to a prediction rule for the triage of emergency department patients with chest pain. J Gen Intern Med. 1994 May; 9(5):241-7. PMID: 8046525.
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  253. Fleischmann KE, Goldman L, Robiolio PA, Lee RT, Johnson PA, Cook EF, Lee TH. Echocardiographic correlates of survival in patients with chest pain. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 May; 23(6):1390-6. PMID: 8176098.
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  254. Pearson SD, Lee TH, Lindsey E, Hawkins T, Cook EF, Goldman L. The impact of membership in a health maintenance organization on hospital admission rates for acute chest pain. Health Serv Res. 1994 Apr; 29(1):59-74. PMID: 8163380; PMCID: PMC1069988.
  255. DeMaria AN, Engle MA, Harrison DC, Judge RD, Kouchoukos NT, Lee TH, Mills PS, Ganslaw LS, Seidman JJ. Managed care involvement by cardiovascular specialists: prevalence, attitudes and influence on practice. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Apr; 23(5):1245-53. PMID: 8144795.
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  256. Krumholz HM, Friesinger GC, Cook EF, Lee TH, Rouan GW, Goldman L. Relationship of age with eligibility for thrombolytic therapy and mortality among patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 Feb; 42(2):127-31. PMID: 8126322.
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  257. Lee RT, Peigh P, Lee TH. Cardiac Surgery for Cardiologists. 1994.
  258. Lee TH. Noncardiac surgery for the cardiac patient. In: Freed M, Grines C. Essentials of Cardiovascular Medicine. Physicians' Press. Birmingham, Michigan. 1994; 357-373.
  259. Lee TH, Goldman L. Noninvasive tests in cardiology. In: Branch WT, editor. Office Practice of Medicine. 3rd ed. Pennsylvania: W.B. Saunders Company. 1994; 40-51.
  260. O'Neil AC, Petersen LA, Cook EF, Bates DW, Lee TH, Brennan TA. Physician reporting compared with medical-record review to identify adverse medical events. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Sep 01; 119(5):370-6. PMID: 8338290.
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  261. Ambrose JA, Davis WE, Lee TH. Chest pain: The first six hours. In: Patient Care, Special Issue Emergency Handbook 93. 1993; 24-51.
  262. Johnson PA, Lee TH, Cook EF, Rouan GW, Goldman L. Effect of race on the presentation and management of patients with acute chest pain. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Apr 15; 118(8):593-601. PMID: 8452325.
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  263. Mangione CM, Marcantonio ER, Goldman L, Cook EF, Donaldson MC, Sugarbaker DJ, Poss R, Lee TH. Influence of age on measurement of health status in patients undergoing elective surgery. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1993 Apr; 41(4):377-83. PMID: 8463523.
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  264. Tsevat J, Goldman L, Soukup JR, Lamas GA, Connors KF, Chapin CC, Lee TH. Stability of time-tradeoff utilities in survivors of myocardial infarction. Med Decis Making. 1993 Apr-Jun; 13(2):161-5. PMID: 8483401.
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  265. Dustan HP, Francis CW, Allen HD, Cunningham SL, Dulany W, Hay J, Kaiser GA, Lee TH, Mattson P, Ness DA, et al. Principles of access to health care. Access to Health Care Task Force, American Heart Association. Circulation. 1993 Feb; 87(2):657-8. PMID: 8425312.
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  266. Dustan HP, Francis CW, Allen HD, Cunningham SL, Dulany W, Hay J, Kaiser GA, Lee TH, Mattson JD, Ness DA, Wagner AG, members. Access to Health Care Task Force, American Heart Association. Principles of Access to Health Care. Position Statement. Circulation. 1993; 87:657-658.
  267. Lee TH, Goldman L. Use and misuse of consults. In: Rogers MC, editors., Principles and Practices of Anesthesiology. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby. 1993; 148-154.
  268. Bates DW, Lee TH. Rapid classification of positive blood cultures. Prospective validation of a multivariate algorithm. JAMA. 1992 Apr 08; 267(14):1962-6. PMID: 1548830.
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  269. Lee TH, Ting HH, Shammash JB, Soukup JR, Goldman L. Long-term survival of emergency department patients with acute chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 1992 Jan 15; 69(3):145-51. PMID: 1731449.
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  270. Brennan TA, Lee TH, O'Neil AC, Petersen LA. Integrating providers into quality improvement: a pilot project at one hospital. Qual Manag Health Care. 1992; 1(1):29-35. PMID: 10131644.
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  271. Goldman L, Lee TH. Noncardiac surgery in the cardiac patient. Cardiovasc Rev & Rep. 1992; 24-39.
  272. Lee TH, Goldman L. Chest pain. In: May HL, editors., Emergency Medicine, Second Edition. Boston: Little, Brown Co. 1992; 229-240.
  273. Udvarhelyi IS, Goldman L, Komaroff AL, Lee TH. Determinants of resource utilization for patients admitted for evaluation of acute chest pain. J Gen Intern Med. 1992 Jan-Feb; 7(1):1-10. PMID: 1548533.
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  274. Tsevat J, Goldman L, Lamas GA, Pfeffer MA, Chapin CC, Connors KF, Lee TH. Functional status versus utilities in survivors of myocardial infarction. Med Care. 1991 Nov; 29(11):1153-9. PMID: 1943274.
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  275. Ting HH, Lee TH, Soukup JR, Cook EF, Tosteson AN, Brand DA, Rouan GW, Goldman L. Impact of physician experience on triage of emergency room patients with acute chest pain at three teaching hospitals. Am J Med. 1991 Oct; 91(4):401-8. PMID: 1951384.
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  276. Tischler MD, Lee TH, Hirsch AT, Lord CP, Goldman L, Creager MA, Lee RT. Prediction of major cardiac events after peripheral vascular surgery using dipyridamole echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 1991 Sep 01; 68(6):593-7. PMID: 1877477.
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  277. Lee TH. Chest pain in the emergency department: uncertainty and the test of time. Mayo Clin Proc. 1991 Sep; 66(9):963-5. PMID: 1921507.
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  278. Gaspoz JM, Lee TH, Cook EF, Weisberg MC, Goldman L. Outcome of patients who were admitted to a new short-stay unit to "rule-out" myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 1991 Jul 15; 68(2):145-9. PMID: 2063775.
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  279. Sugarbaker DJ, Heher EC, Lee TH, Couper G, Mentzer S, Corson JM, Collins JJ, Shemin R, Pugatch R, Weissman L, et al. Extrapleural pneumonectomy, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy in the treatment of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Jul; 102(1):10-4; discussion 14-5. PMID: 2072707.
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  280. Lee TH, Juarez G, Cook EF, Weisberg MC, Rouan GW, Brand DA, Goldman L. Ruling out acute myocardial infarction. A prospective multicenter validation of a 12-hour strategy for patients at low risk. N Engl J Med. 1991 May 02; 324(18):1239-46. PMID: 2014037.
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  281. Bates DW, Goldman L, Lee TH. Contaminant blood cultures and resource utilization. The true consequences of false-positive results. JAMA. 1991 Jan 16; 265(3):365-9. PMID: 1984535.
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  282. Gibler WB, Goldschlager NF, Lee TH. Chest pain: how many tests are enough?. Patient Care. 1991; 25:18-42.
  283. Lee TH. Evaluating decision aids: the next painful step. J Gen Intern Med. 1990 Nov-Dec; 5(6):528-9. PMID: 2266437.
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  284. Bates DW, Cook EF, Goldman L, Lee TH. Predicting bacteremia in hospitalized patients. A prospectively validated model. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Oct 01; 113(7):495-500. PMID: 2393205.
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  285. Tischler MD, Lee TH, McAndrew KA, Sax PE, Sutton MS, Lee RT. Clinical, echocardiographic and Doppler correlates of clinical instability with onset of atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 1990 Sep 15; 66(7):721-4. PMID: 2399889.
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  286. Lee TH, Cook EF, Weisberg MC, Rouan GW, Brand DA, Goldman L. Impact of the availability of a prior electrocardiogram on the triage of the patient with acute chest pain. J Gen Intern Med. 1990 Sep-Oct; 5(5):381-8. PMID: 2231032.
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  287. Lee TH, Cook EF, Fendrick AM, Shammash JB, Wolfe EP, Weisberg MC, Goldman L. Impact of initial triage decisions on nursing intensity for patients with acute chest pain. Med Care. 1990 Aug; 28(8):737-45. PMID: 2385143.
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  288. White LD, Lee TH, Cook EF, Weisberg MC, Rouan GW, Brand DA, Goldman L. Comparison of the natural history of new onset and exacerbated chronic ischemic heart disease. The Chest Pain Study Group. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1990 Aug; 16(2):304-10. PMID: 2373809.
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  289. Fiebach NH, Cook EF, Lee TH, Brand DA, Rouan GW, Weisberg M, Goldman L. Outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction who are initially admitted to stepdown units: data from the Multicenter Chest Pain Study. Am J Med. 1990 Jul; 89(1):15-20. PMID: 2195889.
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  290. Edelson JT, Weinstein MC, Tosteson AN, Williams L, Lee TH, Goldman L. Long-term cost-effectiveness of various initial monotherapies for mild to moderate hypertension. JAMA. 1990 Jan 19; 263(3):407-13. PMID: 2136759.
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  291. Lee TH, Goldman L. Cardiac risk assessment for individual patients. In: Breslow M, editors. Perioperative Management. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby. 1990; 22-35.
  292. Goldman L, Lee TH. Noncardiac surgery in the cardiac patient. In: Kloner RA, editors. The Guide to Cardiology. 2nd editors. New York: Le Jacq Communications. 1990; 481-492.
  293. Lee TH, Goldman L. The role of the consultant. In: Breslow M, editors. Perioperative Management. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby Co. 1990; 46-51.
  294. Lee TH, Goldman L. Perioperative consultation: the science and the art. J Cardiothorac Anesth. 1989 Dec; 3(6):679-81. PMID: 2521024.
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  295. Cunningham MA, Lee TH, Cook EF, Brand DA, Rouan GW, Weisberg MC, Goldman L. The effect of gender on the probability of myocardial infarction among emergency department patients with acute chest pain: a report from the Multicenter Chest Pain Study Group. J Gen Intern Med. 1989 Sep-Oct; 4(5):392-8. PMID: 2677270.
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  296. Lee TH, Goldman L. Development and analysis of observational data bases. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 Sep; 14(3 Suppl A):44A-47A. PMID: 2768729.
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  297. Lee TH, Weisberg MC, Brand DA, Rouan GW, Goldman L. Candidates for thrombolysis among emergency room patients with acute chest pain. Potential true- and false-positive rates. Ann Intern Med. 1989 Jun 15; 110(12):957-62. PMID: 2658715.
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  298. Solomon CG, Lee TH, Cook EF, Weisberg MC, Brand DA, Rouan GW, Goldman L. Comparison of clinical presentation of acute myocardial infarction in patients older than 65 years of age to younger patients: the Multicenter Chest Pain Study experience. Am J Cardiol. 1989 Apr 01; 63(12):772-6. PMID: 2648786.
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  299. Lee TH, Lee RT. Cardiology: Problems in Primary Care. Medical Economics Books. 1989.
  300. Lee TH. Cost effectiveness and decision analysis in the management of congestive heart failure. Choices in Cardiology. 1989; 3:37-40.
  301. Lee RT, Lee TH, Poole WK, Gustafson N, Stone PH, Jaffe AS, Muller JE, Sobel BE, Roberts R, Braunwald E. Rate of disappearance of creatine kinase-MB after acute myocardial infarction: clinical determinants of variability. Am Heart J. 1988 Dec; 116(6 Pt 1):1493-9. PMID: 3195433.
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  302. Lee TH, Fukui T, Weinstein MC, Tosteson AN, Goldman L. Cost-effectiveness of screening strategies for left main coronary artery disease in patients with stable angina. Med Decis Making. 1988 Oct-Dec; 8(4):268-78. PMID: 3141736.
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  303. Lee TH, Goldman L. The coronary care unit turns 25: historical trends and future directions. Ann Intern Med. 1988 Jun; 108(6):887-94. PMID: 3285749.
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  304. Lee TH, Gottlieb LK, Weitzman LJ, Mulley AG, Pauker SG, McNeil BJ. Lengths of stay of patients with uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction at three Boston hospitals: impact of pre-discharge tactics. J Gen Intern Med. 1988 May-Jun; 3(3):239-44. PMID: 3379492.
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  305. Goldman L, Cook EF, Brand DA, Lee TH, Rouan GW, Weisberg MC, Acampora D, Stasiulewicz C, Walshon J, Terranova G, et al. A computer protocol to predict myocardial infarction in emergency department patients with chest pain. N Engl J Med. 1988 Mar 31; 318(13):797-803. PMID: 3280998.
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  306. Goldman L, Lee TH. Guidelines for evaluating acute chest pain. Choices in Cardiology. 1988; 2:16-18.
  307. Lee TH, Goldman L. Acute chest pain: If and when to admit to the CCU. Emergency Decisions. 1988; 4:8-16.
  308. Lee TH. Reducing cardiovascular risk in the elderly. In: Lavizzo Mourey R, Day SC, Diserens D, and Grisso JA eds. Practicing Prevention in the Elderly. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus, Inc. 1988; 63-74.
  309. Lee TH, Short LW, Brand DA, Jean-Claude YD, Weisberg MC, Rouan GW, Goldman L. Patients with acute chest pain who leave emergency departments against medical advice: prevalence, clinical characteristics, and natural history. J Gen Intern Med. 1988 Jan-Feb; 3(1):21-4. PMID: 3339484.
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  310. Lee TH, Shammash JB, Ribeiro JP, Hartley LH, Sherwood J, Goldman L. Estimation of maximum oxygen uptake from clinical data: performance of the Specific Activity Scale. Am Heart J. 1988 Jan; 115(1 Pt 1):203-4. PMID: 3336981.
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  311. Lee TH, Goldman L. Clinical impact of cardiac enzymes in the evaluation of the emergency room patient with acute chest pain. Practical Cardiol. 1988; 14:47-56.
  312. Beamer AD, Lee TH, Cook EF, Brand DA, Rouan GW, Weisberg MC, Goldman L. Diagnostic implications for myocardial ischemia of the circadian variation of the onset of chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Nov 01; 60(13):998-1002. PMID: 3673917.
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  313. Lee TH, Rouan GW, Weisberg MC, Brand DA, Acampora D, Stasiulewicz C, Walshon J, Terranova G, Gottlieb L, Goldstein-Wayne B, et al. Clinical characteristics and natural history of patients with acute myocardial infarction sent home from the emergency room. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Aug 01; 60(4):219-24. PMID: 3618483.
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  314. Lee TH, Rouan GW, Weisberg MC, Brand DA, Cook EF, Acampora D, Goldman L. Sensitivity of routine clinical criteria for diagnosing myocardial infarction within 24 hours of hospitalization. Ann Intern Med. 1987 Feb; 106(2):181-6. PMID: 3800180.
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  315. Dunn JJ, Lee TH, Percelay JM, Fitz JG, Goldman L. Patient and house officer attitudes on physician attire and etiquette. JAMA. 1987 Jan 02; 257(1):65-8. PMID: 3783905.
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  316. Lee TH, Goldman L. Principles of effective communication in consultative medicine. In: Bolt RJ, editors., Medical Evaluation of the Surgical Patient. Mt. Kisco, NY: Futura Publishing Co. 1987; 3-16.
  317. Lee TH, Weisberg MC, Cook EF, Daley K, Brand DA, Goldman L. Evaluation of creatine kinase and creatine kinase-MB for diagnosing myocardial infarction. Clinical impact in the emergency room. Arch Intern Med. 1987 Jan; 147(1):115-21. PMID: 3800513.
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  318. Lee TH, Goldman L. Serum enzyme assays in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Recommendations based on a quantitative analysis. Ann Intern Med. 1986 Aug; 105(2):221-33. PMID: 3524337.
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  319. Goldman L, Lee TH. Noninvasive tests for diagnosing the presence and extent of coronary artery disease: exercise electrocardiography, thallium scintigraphy, and radionuclide ventriculography. J Gen Intern Med. 1986 Jul-Aug; 1(4):258-65. PMID: 3534176.
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  320. Lee TH, Cook EF, Goldman L. Prospective evaluation of a clinical and exercise-test model for the prediction of left main coronary artery disease. Med Decis Making. 1986 Jul-Sep; 6(3):136-44. PMID: 3736374.
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  321. Lee TH, Salomon DR, Rayment CM, Antman EM. Hypotension and sinus arrest with exercise-induced hyperkalemia and combined verapamil/propranolol therapy. Am J Med. 1986 Jun; 80(6):1203-4. PMID: 3728515.
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  322. Goldman L, Lee TH. Non invasive tests for diagnosing the presence and extent of coronary artery disease. J Gen Intern Med. 1986; 1:258-65.
  323. Given BD, Lee TH, Stone PH, Dzau VJ. Nifedipine in severely hypertensive patients with congestive heart failure and preserved ventricular systolic function. Arch Intern Med. 1985 Feb; 145(2):281-5. PMID: 3156567.
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  324. Lee TH, Friedman PL, Goldman L, Stone PH, Antman EM. Sinus arrest and hypotension with combined amiodarone-diltiazem therapy. Am Heart J. 1985 Jan; 109(1):163-4. PMID: 3966317.
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  325. Lee TH, Cook EF, Weisberg M, Sargent RK, Wilson C, Goldman L. Acute chest pain in the emergency room. Identification and examination of low-risk patients. Arch Intern Med. 1985 Jan; 145(1):65-9. PMID: 3970650.
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  326. Goldman L, Lee TH. Issues in the evaluation of emergency room patients with chest pain. Acute Care Med. 1985; 2:11-18.
  327. Lee TH, Kloner RA. Acute aortic insufficiency. In: Internal Medicine Case Studies. New York: Medical Examination Publishing Co. 1984; 17-24.
  328. Lee TH, Kloner RA. Acute myocardial infarction. In: Internal Medicine Case Studies. New York: Medical Examination Publishing Co. 1984; 47-58.
  329. Lee TH, Kloner RA. Effusive constrictive pericarditis. In: Internal Medicine Case Studies. New York: Medical Examination Publishing Co. 1984; 35-46.
  330. Lee TH, Kloner RA. Viral myocarditis. In: Internal Medicine Case Studies. New York: Medical Examination Publishing Co. 1984; 26-34.
  331. Lee TH, Kloner RA. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. In: Internal Medicine Case Studies New York: Medical Examination Publishing. 1984; 3-16.
  332. Lee TH, Kloner RA. Aortic Dissection: Sudden Onset Back Pain (Monograph). Aortic Dissection: Sudden Onset Back Pain (Monograph). 1984.
  333. Lee TH, DiSesa VJ, Cohn LH, Lilly LS, Antman EM. Correction of intraoperative diastolic myocardial dysfunction with nifedipine. Clin Cardiol. 1983 Nov; 6(11):549-52. PMID: 6685592.
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  334. Goldman L, Lee T, Rudd P. Ten commandments for effective consultations. Arch Intern Med. 1983 Sep; 143(9):1753-5. PMID: 6615097.
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  335. Lee TH, Smith TW. Serum digoxin concentration and diagnosis of digitalis toxicity. Current concepts. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1983 Jul-Aug; 8(4):279-85. PMID: 6617041.
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