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Kassandra Leigh Munger, Sc.D.

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Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Cortese M, Munger KL, Martínez-Lapiscina EH, Barro C, Edan G, Freedman MS, Hartung HP, Montalbán X, Foley FW, Penner IK, Hemmer B, Fox EJ, Schippling S, Wicklein EM, Kappos L, Kuhle J, Ascherio A. Vitamin D, smoking, EBV, and long-term cognitive performance in MS: 11-year follow-up of BENEFIT. Neurology. 2020 05 05; 94(18):e1950-e1960. PMID: 32300060.
    Citations:    
  2. Bjornevik K, Munger KL, Cortese M, Barro C, Healy BC, Niebuhr DW, Scher AI, Kuhle J, Ascherio A. Serum Neurofilament Light Chain Levels in Patients With Presymptomatic Multiple Sclerosis. JAMA Neurol. 2019 Sep 13. PMID: 31515562.
    Citations:    
  3. Papantoniou K, Massa J, Devore E, Munger KL, Chitnis T, Ascherio A, Schernhammer ES. Rotating night shift work and risk of multiple sclerosis in the Nurses' Health Studies. Occup Environ Med. 2019 10; 76(10):733-738. PMID: 31405910.
    Citations:    
  4. Munger KL, Hongell K, Cortese M, Åivo J, Soilu-Hänninen M, Surcel HM, Ascherio A. Epstein-barr virus and multiple sclerosis risk in the finnish maternity cohort. Ann Neurol. 2019 09; 86(3):436-442. PMID: 31226219.
    Citations:    
  5. de Jong HJI, Tremlett H, Zhu F, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Reply to letter to the editor. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2019 09; 34:165. PMID: 31543260.
    Citations:    
  6. Cortese M, Chitnis T, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Total intake of different minerals and the risk of multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2019 04 30; 92(18):e2127-e2135. PMID: 30944237.
    Citations:    
  7. de Jong HJI, Tremlett H, Zhu F, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Animal exposure over the life-course and risk of multiple sclerosis: A case-control study within two cohorts of US women. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2019 Jan; 27:327-332. PMID: 30471586.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  8. Rotstein DL, Cortese M, Fung TT, Chitnis T, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Diet quality and risk of multiple sclerosis in two cohorts of US women. Mult Scler. 2019 11; 25(13):1773-1780. PMID: 30351179.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  9. Munger KL, Ascherio A, Soilu-Hänninen M, Surcel HM, Åivo J. Author response: 25-Hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and risk of MS among women in the Finnish Maternity Cohort. Neurology. 2018 04 03; 90(14):668-669. PMID: 29610235.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  10. Tremlett H, Zhu F, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Sun exposure over the life course and associations with multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2018 04 03; 90(14):e1191-e1199. PMID: 29514944.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  11. Fitzgerald KC, Munger KL, Ascherio A. Reply to "Stratified analyses are necessary to verify the influence of salt intake in multiple sclerosis". Ann Neurol. 2017 10; 82(4):649. PMID: 28961335.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  12. Munger KL, Hongell K, Åivo J, Soilu-Hänninen M, Surcel HM, Ascherio A. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and risk of MS among women in the Finnish Maternity Cohort. Neurology. 2017 Oct 10; 89(15):1578-1583. PMID: 28904091.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  13. Cortese M, Yuan C, Chitnis T, Ascherio A, Munger KL. No association between dietary sodium intake and the risk of multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2017 Sep 26; 89(13):1322-1329. PMID: 28842447.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  14. Nielsen NM, Munger KL, Stenager E, Ascherio A. Author response: Neonatal vitamin D status and risk of multiple sclerosis: A population-based case-control study. Neurology. 2017 07 25; 89(4):411. PMID: 28739666.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    
  15. Fitzgerald KC, Munger KL, Hartung HP, Freedman MS, Montalbán X, Edan G, Wicklein EM, Radue EW, Kappos L, Pohl C, Ascherio A. Sodium intake and multiple sclerosis activity and progression in BENEFIT. Ann Neurol. 2017 Jul; 82(1):20-29. PMID: 28556498.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  16. Bjørnevik K, Chitnis T, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2017 Dec; 23(14):1830-1838. PMID: 28156186.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  17. Nielsen NM, Munger KL, Koch-Henriksen N, Hougaard DM, Magyari M, Jørgensen KT, Lundqvist M, Simonsen J, Jess T, Cohen A, Stenager E, Ascherio A. Neonatal vitamin D status and risk of multiple sclerosis: A population-based case-control study. Neurology. 2017 Jan 03; 88(1):44-51. PMID: 27903815.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  18. Dorans KS, Massa J, Chitnis T, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Physical activity and the incidence of multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2016 Oct 25; 87(17):1770-1776. PMID: 27683852.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  19. Ascherio A, Munger KL. People with MS should consume a low-salt diet - NO. Mult Scler. 2016 12; 22(14):1779-1781. PMID: 27609133.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  20. Bove R, White CC, Fitzgerald KC, Chitnis T, Chibnik L, Ascherio A, Munger KL. Hormone therapy use and physical quality of life in postmenopausal women with multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2016 Oct 04; 87(14):1457-1463. PMID: 27605175.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  21. Hagan KA, Munger KL, Ascherio A, Grodstein F. Epidemiology of Major Neurodegenerative Diseases in Women: Contribution of the Nurses' Health Study. Am J Public Health. 2016 Sep; 106(9):1650-5. PMID: 27459462.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  22. Ascherio A, Munger KL. Weighing Evidence from Mendelian Randomization-Early-Life Obesity as a Causal Factor in Multiple Sclerosis? PLoS Med. 2016 06; 13(6):e1002054. PMID: 27351631.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  23. Sena A, Capela C, Ferret-Sena V, Munger KL, Ascherio A, Suarez G. No association of multiple sclerosis activity and progression with EBV or tobacco use in BENEFIT. Neurology. 2016 05 24; 86(21):2026. PMID: 27217468.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  24. Munger KL, Åivo J, Hongell K, Soilu-Hänninen M, Surcel HM, Ascherio A. Vitamin D Status During Pregnancy and Risk of Multiple Sclerosis in Offspring of Women in the Finnish Maternity Cohort. JAMA Neurol. 2016 05 01; 73(5):515-9. PMID: 26953778.
    Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  25. Ascherio A, Munger KL. Epidemiology of Multiple Sclerosis: From Risk Factors to Prevention-An Update. Semin Neurol. 2016 Apr; 36(2):103-14. PMID: 27116717.
    Citations:    
  26. Fitzgerald KC, Munger KL, Köchert K, Arnason BG, Comi G, Cook S, Goodin DS, Filippi M, Hartung HP, Jeffery DR, O'Connor P, Suarez G, Sandbrink R, Kappos L, Pohl C, Ascherio A. Association of Vitamin D Levels With Multiple Sclerosis Activity and Progression in Patients Receiving Interferon Beta-1b. JAMA Neurol. 2015 Dec; 72(12):1458-65. PMID: 26458124.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  27. Munger KL, Fitzgerald KC, Freedman MS, Hartung HP, Miller DH, Montalbán X, Edan G, Barkhof F, Suarez G, Radue EW, Sandbrink R, Kappos L, Pohl C, Ascherio A. No association of multiple sclerosis activity and progression with EBV or tobacco use in BENEFIT. Neurology. 2015 Nov 10; 85(19):1694-701. PMID: 26453645.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  28. Ascherio A, Munger KL. EBV and Autoimmunity. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2015; 390(Pt 1):365-85. PMID: 26424654.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  29. Ascherio A, Munger KL. Not too late to take vitamin D supplements. Ann Neurol. 2014 Sep; 76(3):321-2. PMID: 25131341.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  30. Munger KL, Köchert K, Simon KC, Kappos L, Polman CH, Freedman MS, Hartung HP, Miller DH, Montalbán X, Edan G, Barkhof F, Pleimes D, Sandbrink R, Ascherio A, Pohl C. Molecular mechanism underlying the impact of vitamin D on disease activity of MS. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2014 Aug; 1(8):605-17. PMID: 25285313.
    Citations: 7     
  31. Ascherio A, Munger KL, White R, Köchert K, Simon KC, Polman CH, Freedman MS, Hartung HP, Miller DH, Montalbán X, Edan G, Barkhof F, Pleimes D, Radü EW, Sandbrink R, Kappos L, Pohl C. Vitamin D as an early predictor of multiple sclerosis activity and progression. JAMA Neurol. 2014 Mar; 71(3):306-14. PMID: 24445558.
    Citations: 67     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  32. Munger K, Ascherio A. Understanding the joint effects of EBV and vitamin D in MS. Mult Scler. 2013 Oct; 19(12):1554-5. PMID: 24132000.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  33. Munger KL. Childhood obesity is a risk factor for multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2013 Nov; 19(13):1800. PMID: 24072725.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  34. Lyall K, Munger KL, O'Reilly ÉJ, Santangelo SL, Ascherio A. Maternal dietary fat intake in association with autism spectrum disorders. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jul 15; 178(2):209-20. PMID: 23813699.
    Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  35. Munger KL, Bentzen J, Laursen B, Stenager E, Koch-Henriksen N, Sørensen TI, Baker JL. Childhood body mass index and multiple sclerosis risk: a long-term cohort study. Mult Scler. 2013 Sep; 19(10):1323-9. PMID: 23549432.
    Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  36. Hiraki LT, Munger KL, Costenbader KH, Karlson EW. Reply: To PMID 22744978. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2013 Mar; 65(3):491-2. PMID: 22949264.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  37. Munger KL, Levin LI, Massa J, Horst R, Orban T, Ascherio A. Preclinical serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of type 1 diabetes in a cohort of US military personnel. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Mar 01; 177(5):411-9. PMID: 23380046.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  38. Hiraki LT, Munger KL, Costenbader KH, Karlson EW. Dietary intake of vitamin D during adolescence and risk of adult-onset systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2012 Dec; 64(12):1829-36. PMID: 22744978.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  39. Ascherio A, Munger KL, Lünemann JD. The initiation and prevention of multiple sclerosis. Nat Rev Neurol. 2012 Nov 05; 8(11):602-12. PMID: 23045241.
    Citations: 66     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  40. Simon KC, Munger KL, Ascherio A. Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis: epidemiology, immunology, and genetics. Curr Opin Neurol. 2012 Jun; 25(3):246-51. PMID: 22547098.
    Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Simon KC, O'Reilly EJ, Munger KL, Finerty S, Morgan AJ, Ascherio A. Epstein-Barr virus neutralizing antibody levels and risk of multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2012 Aug; 18(8):1185-7. PMID: 22291034.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  42. Munger KL, Ascherio A. Prevention and treatment of MS: studying the effects of vitamin D. Mult Scler. 2011 Dec; 17(12):1405-11. PMID: 21998006.
    Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  43. Simon KC, Munger KL, Ascherio A. XVI European Charcot Foundation lecture: nutrition and environment: can MS be prevented? J Neurol Sci. 2011 Dec 15; 311(1-2):1-8. PMID: 21975017.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  44. Ascherio A, Munger KL, Giovannucci E. Sun exposure and vitamin D are independent risk factors for CNS demyelination. Neurology. 2011 Oct 04; 77(14):1405; author reply 1405-6. PMID: 21968847.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  45. Kister I, Munger KL, Herbert J, Ascherio A. Increased risk of multiple sclerosis among women with migraine in the Nurses' Health Study II. Mult Scler. 2012 Jan; 18(1):90-7. PMID: 21816759.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. Mirzaei F, Michels KB, Munger K, O'Reilly E, Chitnis T, Forman MR, Giovannucci E, Rosner B, Ascherio A. Gestational vitamin D and the risk of multiple sclerosis in offspring. Ann Neurol. 2011 Jul; 70(1):30-40. PMID: 21786297.
    Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  47. Munger KL, Levin LI, O'Reilly EJ, Falk KI, Ascherio A. Anti-Epstein-Barr virus antibodies as serological markers of multiple sclerosis: a prospective study among United States military personnel. Mult Scler. 2011 Oct; 17(10):1185-93. PMID: 21685232.
    Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  48. Munger KL, Chitnis T, Frazier AL, Giovannucci E, Spiegelman D, Ascherio A. Dietary intake of vitamin D during adolescence and risk of multiple sclerosis. J Neurol. 2011 Mar; 258(3):479-85. PMID: 20945071.
    Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  49. Levin LI, Munger KL, O'Reilly EJ, Falk KI, Ascherio A. Primary infection with the Epstein-Barr virus and risk of multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol. 2010 Jun; 67(6):824-30. PMID: 20517945.
    Citations: 68     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  50. Ascherio A, Munger KL, Simon KC. Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis. Lancet Neurol. 2010 Jun; 9(6):599-612. PMID: 20494325.
    Citations: 117     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  51. Ascherio A, Munger KL. Epstein-barr virus infection and multiple sclerosis: a review. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2010 Sep; 5(3):271-7. PMID: 20369303.
    Citations: 58     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  52. Simon KC, Munger KL, Ascherio A. Polymorphisms in vitamin D metabolism related genes and risk of multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2010 Feb; 16(2):133-8. PMID: 20007432.
    Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  53. Munger KL, Chitnis T, Ascherio A. Body size and risk of MS in two cohorts of US women. Neurology. 2009 Nov 10; 73(19):1543-50. PMID: 19901245.
    Citations: 74     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  54. Gardener H, Munger KL, Chitnis T, Michels KB, Spiegelman D, Ascherio A. Prenatal and perinatal factors and risk of multiple sclerosis. Epidemiology. 2009 Jul; 20(4):611-8. PMID: 19333127.
    Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  55. Morozova N, Weisskopf MG, McCullough ML, Munger KL, Calle EE, Thun MJ, Ascherio A. Diet and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Epidemiology. 2008 Mar; 19(2):324-37. PMID: 18300717.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  56. Ascherio A, Munger K. Epidemiology of multiple sclerosis: from risk factors to prevention. Semin Neurol. 2008 Feb; 28(1):17-28. PMID: 18256984.
    Citations: 47     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  57. Munger KL, Ascherio A. Risk factors in the development of multiple sclerosis. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2007 Sep; 3(5):739-48. PMID: 20477024.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    
  58. Ascherio A, Munger KL. Environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis. Part II: Noninfectious factors. Ann Neurol. 2007 Jun; 61(6):504-13. PMID: 17492755.
    Citations: 156     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
  59. Ascherio A, Munger KL. Environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis. Part I: the role of infection. Ann Neurol. 2007 Apr; 61(4):288-99. PMID: 17444504.
    Citations: 230     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
  60. Munger KL, Levin LI, Hollis BW, Howard NS, Ascherio A. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of multiple sclerosis. JAMA. 2006 Dec 20; 296(23):2832-8. PMID: 17179460.
    Citations: 352     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  61. DeLorenze GN, Munger KL, Lennette ET, Orentreich N, Vogelman JH, Ascherio A. Epstein-Barr virus and multiple sclerosis: evidence of association from a prospective study with long-term follow-up. Arch Neurol. 2006 Jun; 63(6):839-44. PMID: 16606758.
    Citations: 52     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  62. Levin LI, Munger KL, Rubertone MV, Peck CA, Lennette ET, Spiegelman D, Ascherio A. Temporal relationship between elevation of epstein-barr virus antibody titers and initial onset of neurological symptoms in multiple sclerosis. JAMA. 2005 May 25; 293(20):2496-500. PMID: 15914750.
    Citations: 86     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  63. Ascherio A, Rubertone M, Spiegelman D, Levin L, Munger K, Peck C, Lennette E. Notice of retraction: "Multiple sclerosis and Epstein-Barr virus" (JAMA. 2003;289:1533-1536). JAMA. 2005 May 25; 293(20):2466. PMID: 15914742.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  64. Munger KL, Zhang SM, O'Reilly E, Hernán MA, Olek MJ, Willett WC, Ascherio A. Vitamin D intake and incidence of multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2004 Jan 13; 62(1):60-5. PMID: 14718698.
    Citations: 214     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  65. Levin LI, Munger KL, Rubertone MV, Peck CA, Lennette ET, Spiegelman D, Ascherio A. Multiple sclerosis and Epstein-Barr virus. JAMA. 2003 Mar 26; 289(12):1533-6. PMID: 12672770.
    Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
  66. Munger KL, Peeling RW, Hernán MA, Chasan-Taber L, Olek MJ, Hankinson SE, Hunter D, Ascherio A. Infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae and risk of multiple sclerosis. Epidemiology. 2003 Mar; 14(2):141-7. PMID: 12606878.
    Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.