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Norman Daniels, Ph.D.

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Biography
Harvard UniversityPh.D.1970Philosophy
Balliol College, OxfordB.A.(M.A.)1966Philosophy and Psychology
Wesleyan UniversityA.B.1964English

Overview
Research

Dr. Daniels's ongoing research falls into these main areas:

Moral Epistemolgy: The most recent statement of his views on justification in ethics can be found in the Stanford Philosophy Encyclopedia entry on reflective equilibrium. (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, on-line edition, 2003, 2011. http://plato.stanford.edu/info.html). A collection of his papers on the topic can be found in his Justice and Justification (CUP, 1996).

Theory of Justice: Dr. Daniels has in recent years been interested in the complex form of egalitarianism represented by Rawls's work and the contrast between it and other recent work in egalitarian theory. For a recent paper on just this issue, see his "Democratic Equality: Rawls's Complex Egalitarianism" in Sam Freeman (ed) Cambridge Companion to Rawls (2003). Dr. Daniels sees the work (described below) on a fair, deliberative process for setting limits to health care (and for other resource allocation or rationing efforts) as a needed legislative and regulatory supplement to the kind of principled account of justice in Rawls's work.

Justice and Health: Theory of justice for health - Dr. Daniels recently completed Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly (Cambridge University Press, 2008), which is a sequel to his 1985 book Just Health Care. To the original attempt to say why health care is of special moral importance because of its connection to protecting opportunities for individuals, he now adds a broader vision of the socially controllable factors that affect population health and its distribution. This permits an answer to the question, when are health inequalities unjust? He argues that Rawls's principles of justice as fairness capture the central social determinants of health: conforming with them would flatten social gradients of health as much as we can reasonably expect. Just Health integrates the account of fair deliberative process, accountability for reasonableness, with the rest of the theory as a way of answering the question, "How can we meet needs fairly when we cannot meet them all." The book also has chapters on justice between age groups, health system reform, social experiments on populations, fair process in patient selection for AIDS treatments, occupational health, professionalism, reducing health disparities, human rights and priority setting, and international health inequalities. In more recent years, Dr. Daniels has written about individual and social responsibility for health, revisited his views on the prudential lifespan account of justice for adjacent age groups, addressed the problems of identified vs. statistical victims, and explained the relationship between his account of exercisable opportunities and Sen's views about capabilities. Currently, Dr. Daniels is working on a project on global health and global justice.

Setting Limits Fairly: Together with Jim Sabin, Dr. Daniels published Setting Limits Fairly: Can We Learn to Share Medical Resources? (OUP, 2002). A second edition of that book is now out in paperback: Setting Limits Fairly: Learning to Share Resources for Health (OUP, 2008). They are also doing ongoing work on this topic with collaborators in Canada, the United Kingdom, Norway, and elsewhere where fair process, specifically "accountability for reasonableness," has emerged as the key to priority and limit setting in universal coverage systems. In the US, they continue to work on pharmacy benefits (see our discussionof an "ethical template" in Health Affairs, Jan-Feb 2002) and on independent review of insurance denials. Daniels recently applied these ideas to patient selection in the WHO program to deliver three million ARTs by 2005. He worked with the Mexican Ministry of Health to develop a fair process for deciding on additions to the catastrophic insurance plan included in Mexico's new Segura Popular (2006) and is continuing work to extend that process for use in other parts of the Mexican health system. A case study on the Mexican work is available on request. An application of accountability for reasonableness to human rights approach to health is described in Gruskin and Daniels, Justice and Human Rights: Priority Setting and Fair Deliberative Process, American Journal of Public Health, 2008; 98:9. An application to theproblem of identified vs. statistical victims is in the Hastings Center Report, Sept-Oct 2011. This work is the focus of an EU sponsored project in Tanzania, Zambia, and Kenya.

Justice and Intergenerational Equity: Dr. Daniels has revisited some of the issues involved in his previous work on justice between age groups in Am I My Parents' Keeper? An Essay on Justice Between the Young and the Old (New York: Oxford, 1988) in "Justice Between Adjacent Generations: Further Thoughts" Journal of Political Theory 2008; 16:4:475-94.

Ethics and Health Sector Reform (Benchmarks of Fairness):
Domestic: Dr. Daniels is interested in issues of access to the US system, especially disparities that contribute to health disparities, and participated on the subcommittee on social costs of the recent IOM publication on uninsurance in the US. Recently he coauthored an article on ethical issues in U.S. health reform with Marc Roberts,with Brendan Saloner and Adriane Gelpi, and on "affordable insurance" with Brendan Saloner.

Global: Together with collaborators in a dozen countries on three continents, Dr. Daniels is working to demonstrate the utility of an evidence-based policy tool for evaluating the fairness - the equity, accountability, and efficiency - of health sector reforms in developing countries and to improve capacity in those countries to carry out research on the fairness of reform activities. Together with collaborators from Cameroon, Thailand, and Guatemala, he presented some recent results at the November 2003 APHA meeting in San Francisco. The current work, reported on most recently in the Bulletin of WHO in 2005, is an attempt to develop country-specific adaptations of the generic benchmarks reported on in the Bulletin of WHO in June 2000. Other projects were carried out in the Philipines and elsewhere. The application of that approach as a method of providing ethical evaluation of health sector reforms, viewed as "social experiments," is described in the American Journal of Public Health in 2006.

Mentoring
Coverage Decision-Making Processes for Catastrophic Conditions: Health Reform in Mexico
International, 06/13/07 - 08/09/07

Bibliographic
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Berry KN, Daniels N, Ladin K. Should Lack of Social Support Prevent Access to Organ Transplantation? Am J Bioeth. 2019 Nov; 19(11):13-24. PMID: 31647757.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  2. Ladin K, Marotta SA, Butt Z, Gordon EJ, Daniels N, Lavelle TA, Hanto DW. A Mixed-Methods Approach to Understanding Variation in Social Support Requirements and Implications for Access to Transplantation in the United States. Prog Transplant. 2019 12; 29(4):344-353. PMID: 31581889.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  3. Daniels N. Combining A4R and MCDA in priority setting for health. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2018; 16(Suppl 1):51. PMID: 30455610.
    Citations: 1     
  4. Ladin K, Emerson J, Berry K, Butt Z, Gordon EJ, Daniels N, Lavelle TA, Hanto DW. Excluding patients from transplant due to social support: Results from a national survey of transplant providers. Am J Transplant. 2019 01; 19(1):193-203. PMID: 29878515.
    Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  5. Ladin K, Emerson J, Butt Z, Gordon EJ, Hanto DW, Perloff J, Daniels N, Lavelle TA. How important is social support in determining patients' suitability for transplantation? Results from a National Survey of Transplant Clinicians. J Med Ethics. 2018 10; 44(10):666-674. PMID: 29954874.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  6. Daniels N. Some Remarks on Accontability for Reasonableness. Am J Bioeth. 2018 03; 18(3):42-43. PMID: 29466134.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  7. Goetghebeur M, Castro-Jaramillo H, Baltussen R, Daniels N. The art of priority setting. Lancet. 2017 Jun 17; 389(10087):2368-2369. PMID: 30199663.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  8. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Seeking Legitimacy for DSM-5: The Bereavement Exception as an Example of Failed Process. AMA J Ethics. 2017 Feb 01; 19(2):192-198. PMID: 28225700.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  9. Urrutia J, Porteny T, Daniels N. What does it mean to put new hepatitis C drugs on a list of essential medicines? BMJ. 2016 Apr 22; 353:i2035. PMID: 27106956.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  10. Daniels N, Porteny T, Urrutia J. Correction: Expanded HTA: Enhancing Fairness and Legitimacy. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2016 Apr 03; 5(5):347. PMID: 27239888.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    
  11. Ahmed S, Bärnighausen T, Daniels N, Marlink R, Roberts MJ. How providers influence the implementation of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling in Botswana: a qualitative study. Implement Sci. 2016 Feb 11; 11:18. PMID: 26864321.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  12. Daniels N, van der Wilt GJ. HEALTH TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT, DELIBERATIVE PROCESS, AND ETHICALLY CONTESTED ISSUES. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2016 Jan; 32(1-2):10-5. PMID: 27472157.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  13. Daniels N. A Progressively Realizable Right to Health and Global Governance. Health Care Anal. 2015 Dec; 23(4):330-40. PMID: 26240019.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  14. Daniels N, Porteny T, Urritia J. Expanded HTA: Enhancing Fairness and Legitimacy. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2015 Nov 06; 5(1):1-3. PMID: 26673643.
    Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  15. Daniels N, Charvel S, Gelpi AH, Porteny T, Urrutia J. Role of the Courts in the Progressive Realization of the Right to Health: Between the Threat and the Promise of Judicialization in Mexico. Health Syst Reform. 2015 Apr 03; 1(3):229-234. PMID: 31519072.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  16. Daniels N. Why we should care about the social determinants of health. Am J Bioeth. 2015; 15(3):37-8. PMID: 25786010.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  17. Severin F, Borry P, Cornel MC, Daniels N, Fellmann F, Victoria Hodgson S, Howard HC, John J, Kääriäinen H, Kayserili H, Kent A, Koerber F, Kristoffersson U, Kroese M, Lewis C, Marckmann G, Meyer P, Pfeufer A, Schmidtke J, Skirton H, Tranebjærg L, Rogowski WH. Points to consider for prioritizing clinical genetic testing services: a European consensus process oriented at accountability for reasonableness. Eur J Hum Genet. 2015 Jun; 23(6):729-35. PMID: 25248395.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    
  18. Norheim OF, Baltussen R, Johri M, Chisholm D, Nord E, Brock D, Carlsson P, Cookson R, Daniels N, Danis M, Fleurbaey M, Johansson KA, Kapiriri L, Littlejohns P, Mbeeli T, Rao KD, Edejer TT, Wikler D. Guidance on priority setting in health care (GPS-Health): the inclusion of equity criteria not captured by cost-effectiveness analysis. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2014; 12:18. PMID: 25246855.
    Citations: 47     
  19. Daniels N. Global aging and the allocation of health care across the life span. Am J Bioeth. 2013; 13(8):1-2. PMID: 23862589.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  20. Kimmel AD, Resch SC, Anglaret X, Daniels N, Goldie SJ, Danel C, Wong AY, Freedberg KA, Weinstein MC. Patient- and population-level health consequences of discontinuing antiretroviral therapy in settings with inadequate HIV treatment availability. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2012 Sep 19; 10(1):12. PMID: 22992315.
    Citations: 2     
  21. Kimmel AD, Daniels N, Betancourt TS, Wood R, Prosser LA. Decision maker priorities for providing antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected South Africans: a qualitative assessment. AIDS Care. 2012; 24(6):778-92. PMID: 22304657.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  22. Daniels N. Reasonable disagreement about identified vs. statistical. Hastings Cent Rep. 2012 Jan-Feb; 42(1):35-45. PMID: 22616399.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  23. Daniels N. Legitimacy and fairness in priority setting in Tanzania. Glob Health Action. 2011; 4. PMID: 22072990.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  24. Saloner B, Daniels N. The ethics of the affordability of health insurance. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2011 Oct; 36(5):815-27. PMID: 22065686.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  25. Goldie SJ, Daniels N. Model-based analyses to compare health and economic outcomes of cancer control: inclusion of disparities. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2011 Sep 21; 103(18):1373-86. PMID: 21900120.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  26. Daniels N, Valencia-Mendoza A, Gelpi A, Avila MH, Bertozzi S. The art of public health: pneumococcal vaccine coverage in Mexico. Lancet. 2010 Jan 09; 375(9709):114-5. PMID: 20109878.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
  27. Daniels N, Saloner B, Gelpi AH. Access, cost, and financing: achieving an ethical health reform. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Sep-Oct; 28(5):w909-16. PMID: 19689984.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Ladin K, Daniels N, Kawachi I. Exploring the relationship between absolute and relative position and late-life depression: evidence from 10 European countries. Gerontologist. 2010 Feb; 50(1):48-59. PMID: 19515635.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  29. Daniels N. Just health: replies and further thoughts. J Med Ethics. 2009 Jan; 35(1):36-41. PMID: 19103941.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  30. Daniels N, Sabin JE. Accountability for reasonableness: an update. BMJ. 2008 Oct 09; 337:a1850. PMID: 18845595.
    Citations: 39     Fields:    
  31. Gruskin S, Daniels N. Process is the point: justice and human rights: priority setting and fair deliberative process. Am J Public Health. 2008 Sep; 98(9):1573-7. PMID: 18633088.
    Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  32. Neumann PJ, Palmer JA, Daniels N, Quigley K, Gold MR, Chao S. A strategic plan for integrating cost-effectiveness analysis into the US healthcare system. Am J Manag Care. 2008 Apr; 14(4):185-8. PMID: 18402510.
    Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  33. Wharam JF, Daniels N. Toward evidence-based policy making and standardized assessment of health policy reform. JAMA. 2007 Aug 08; 298(6):676-9. PMID: 17684191.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    
  34. Daniels N. Rescuing universal health care. Hastings Cent Rep. 2007 Mar-Apr; 37(2):3. PMID: 17474335.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  35. Daniels N. Equity and population health: toward a broader bioethics agenda. Hastings Cent Rep. 2006 Jul-Aug; 36(4):22-35. PMID: 16898358.
    Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  36. Rosenthal M, Daniels N. Beyond competition: the normative implications of consumer-driven health plans. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2006 Jun; 31(3):671-85. PMID: 16785304.
    Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  37. Daniels N. Toward ethical review of health system transformations. Am J Public Health. 2006 Mar; 96(3):447-51. PMID: 16449582.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  38. Daniels N, Flores W, Pannarunothai S, Ndumbe PN, Bryant JH, Ngulube TJ, Wang Y. An evidence-based approach to benchmarking the fairness of health-sector reform in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Jul; 83(7):534-40. PMID: 16175828.
    Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  39. Daniels N. Fair process in patient selection for antiretroviral treatment in WHO's goal of 3 by 5. Lancet. 2005 Jul 9-15; 366(9480):169-71. PMID: 16005341.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  40. Kawachi I, Daniels N, Robinson DE. Health disparities by race and class: why both matter. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Mar-Apr; 24(2):343-52. PMID: 15757918.
    Citations: 99     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  41. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: improving psychiatric drug benefit management: III. The VA's approach to atypical antipsychotics. Psychiatr Serv. 2004 Jan; 55(1):22-3, 25. PMID: 14699194.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  42. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Improving psychiatric drug benefit management: II. Kaiser Permanente's approach to SSRIs. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Oct; 54(10):1343-4,1349. PMID: 14557518.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  43. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: improving psychiatric drug benefit management: I. Lessons from Massachusetts. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Jul; 54(7):949-51. PMID: 12851429.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  44. Daniels N. Chevron v Echazabal: protection, opportunity, and paternalism. Am J Public Health. 2003 Apr; 93(4):545-8. PMID: 12660194.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  45. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: Strengthening the consumer voice in managed care: VII. The Georgia peer specialist program. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Apr; 54(4):497-8. PMID: 12663836.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  46. Teagarden JR, Daniels N, Sabin JE. A proposed ethical framework for prescription drug benefit allocation policy. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2003 Jan; 43(1):69-74. PMID: 23945807.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    
  47. Teagarden JR, Daniels N, Sabin JE. A proposed ethical framework for prescription drug benefit allocation policy. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2003 Jan-Feb; 43(1):69-74. PMID: 12585754.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  48. Sabin JE, Granoff K, Daniels N. Strengthening the consumer voice in managed care: VI. Initial lessons from independent external review. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Jan; 54(1):24-5. PMID: 12509661.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  49. Daniels N, Teagarden JR, Sabin JE. An ethical template for pharmacy benefits. Health Aff (Millwood). 2003 Jan-Feb; 22(1):125-37. PMID: 12528844.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  50. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Strengthening the consumer voice in managed care: v. helping professionals listen. Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Jul; 53(7):805-6, 811. PMID: 12096161.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  51. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: strengthening the consumer voice in managed care: IV. The Leadership Academy Program. Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Apr; 53(4):405-6, 411. PMID: 11919351.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  52. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: strengthening the consumer voice in managed care: III. The Philadelphia Consumer Satisfaction Team. Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Jan; 53(1):23-4, 29. PMID: 11773645.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  53. Sabin JE, O'Brien MF, Daniels N. Managed care: Strengthening the consumer voice in managed care: II. Moving NCQA standards from rights to empowerment. Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Oct; 52(10):1303-5. PMID: 11585938.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  54. Daniels N, Sabin JE. What are fairness and consistency in a national pharmacy benefit? Med Care. 2001 Apr; 39(4):312-4. PMID: 11329518.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  55. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: strengthening the consumer voice in managed care: I. Can the private sector meet the public-sector standard? Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Apr; 52(4):461-2; 464. PMID: 11274489.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  56. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: Public-sector managed behavioral health care: VI. The Iowa approach to profit and community reinvestment. Psychiatr Serv. 2000 Oct; 51(10):1239-40, 1247. PMID: 11013319.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  57. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care in Iowa. Psychiatr Serv. 2000 Aug; 51(8):1049-50. PMID: 10913464.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  58. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: public-sector managed behavioral health care: V. redefining "medical necessity"-the Iowa experience. Psychiatr Serv. 2000 Apr; 51(4):445-6, 459. PMID: 10737816.
    Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  59. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Ethics and managed care Psychiatr Serv. 2000 Mar; 51(3):393. PMID: 10686260.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  60. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Managed care: public-sector managed behavioral health care: IV. Integrated versus "carve-out" care. Psychiatr Serv. 1999 Oct; 50(10):1267-8, 1280. PMID: 10506292.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  61. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Public-sector managed behavioral health care: III. Meaningful consumer and family participation. Psychiatr Serv. 1999 Jul; 50(7):883-5. PMID: 10402607.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  62. Daniels N, Kennedy BP, Kawachi I. Why justice is good for our health: the social determinants of health inequalities. Daedalus. 1999; 128(4):215-51. PMID: 11645876.
    Citations: 40     Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  63. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Public-sector managed behavioral health care: II. Contracting for Medicaid services--the Massachusetts experience. Psychiatr Serv. 1999 Jan; 50(1):39-41. PMID: 9890576.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  64. Daniels N, Sabin J. The ethics of accountability in managed care reform. Health Aff (Millwood). 1998 Sep-Oct; 17(5):50-64. PMID: 9769571.
    Citations: 69     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  65. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Making insurance coverage for new technologies reasonable and accountable. JAMA. 1998 Mar 04; 279(9):703-4. PMID: 9496991.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  66. Daniels N, Sabin JE. Last chance therapies and managed care. Pluralism, fair procedures, and legitimacy. Hastings Cent Rep. 1998 Mar-Apr; 28(2):27-41. PMID: 9589291.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  67. Bach FH, Fishman JA, Daniels N, Proimos J, Anderson B, Carpenter CB, Forrow L, Robson SC, Fineberg HV. Uncertainty in xenotransplantation: individual benefit versus collective risk. Nat Med. 1998 Feb; 4(2):141-4. PMID: 9461178.
    Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
  68. Daniels N, Crawford M, Sabin JE. Dialogue. Resource allocation: to those in the greatest need or those who will benefit most? Behav Healthc Tomorrow. 1997 Aug; 6(4):52-7. PMID: 10169471.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  69. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Setting behavioral health priorities: good news and crucial lessons from the Oregon Health Plan. Psychiatr Serv. 1997 Jul; 48(7):883-4, 889. PMID: 9219295.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  70. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Lessons for U.S. managed care from the British National Health Service, II: Setting priorities. Psychiatr Serv. 1997 Apr; 48(4):469-70, 482. PMID: 9090729.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  71. Daniels N, Sabin J. Limits to health care: fair procedures, democratic deliberation, and the legitimacy problem for insurers. Philos Public Aff. 1997; 26(4):303-50. PMID: 11660435.
    Citations: 121     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  72. Russell LB, Gold MR, Siegel JE, Daniels N, Weinstein MC. The role of cost-effectiveness analysis in health and medicine. Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. JAMA. 1996 Oct 09; 276(14):1172-7. PMID: 8827972.
    Citations: 247     Fields:    
  73. Daniels N, Sabin JE. The yin and yang of health care system reform. Professional and political strategies for setting limits. Arch Fam Med. 1995 Jan; 4(1):67-71. PMID: 7812479.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  74. Sabin JE, Daniels N. Determining "medical necessity" in mental health practice. Hastings Cent Rep. 1994 Nov-Dec; 24(6):5-13. PMID: 7860291.
    Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  75. Brock DW, Daniels N. Ethical foundations of the Clinton administration's proposed health care system. JAMA. 1994 Apr 20; 271(15):1189-96. PMID: 8151877.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  76. Daniels N. Rationing fairly: programmatic considerations. Bioethics. 1993 Apr; 7(2-3):224-33. PMID: 11651535.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  77. Daniels N. Liberalism and medical ethics. Responsive Community. 1993; 3(3):45-8. PMID: 11659710.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  78. Daniels N. Liberalism and medical ethics. Hastings Cent Rep. 1992 Nov-Dec; 22(6):41-3. PMID: 11643038.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  79. Daniels N. Technology and resource allocation: old problems in new clothes. South Calif Law Rev. 1991 Nov; 65(1):225-40. PMID: 11645832.
    Citations:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  80. Forrow L, Daniels N, Sabin JE. When is home care medically necessary? Hastings Cent Rep. 1991 Jul-Aug; 21(4):36; discussion 36-8. PMID: 1938350.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  81. Daniels N. Chronic illness: not-so-passive injustice? J Clin Ethics. 1991; 2(3):160. PMID: 11642946.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  82. Daniels N. The biomedical model and just health care: reply to Jecker. J Med Philos. 1989 Dec; 14(6):677-80. PMID: 11644402.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  83. Daniels N. Fair equality of opportunity and decent minimums: a reply to Buchanan. Philos Public Aff. 1985; 14(1):106-10. PMID: 11651770.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  84. Daniels N. Understanding physician power: a review of The Social Transformation of American Medicine. Philos Public Aff. 1984; 13(4):347-57. PMID: 11654886.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  85. Daniels N. What is the obligation of the medical profession in the distribution of health care? Soc Sci Med F. 1981 Dec; 15F(4):129-33. PMID: 11649358.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  86. Daniels N. Health-care needs and distributive justice. Philos Public Aff. 1981; 10(2):146-79. PMID: 11661955.
    Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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