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Rachel Nethery, Ph.D.

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I am an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biostatistics at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The primary aim of my research is to develop statistical methods that enable maximally rigorous and impactful uses of data to answer environmental health questions. In particular, my recent work centers on the following topics:

(1) Methods for estimation of the health impacts of complex, nationwide environmental regulations
(2) Integration of causal inference principles and methods into epidemiological cancer cluster analyses
(3) New causal inference approaches for studying the effects of environmental exposures on childhood cancer
(4) Methods for studying the impacts of climate, heat, and natural disasters on health and predicting the health impacts of future extreme climate events

Beyond causal inference, my methodological research interests include machine learning, Bayesian methods, latent variable models, spatial statistics, and time series analysis. I have applied these methods to investigate scientific questions not only in environmental health contexts but also in reproductive epidemiology, neuroimaging, social science, and cell biology.

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
  1. Gripper AB, Nethery R, Cowger TL, White M, Kawachi I, Adamkiewicz G. Community solutions to food apartheid: A spatial analysis of community food-growing spaces and neighborhood demographics in Philadelphia. Soc Sci Med. 2022 10; 310:115221. PMID: 36058113.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  2. Parks RM, Benavides J, Anderson GB, Nethery RC, Navas-Acien A, Dominici F, Ezzati M, Kioumourtzoglou MA. Association of Tropical Cyclones With County-Level Mortality in the US. JAMA. 2022 03 08; 327(10):946-955. PMID: 35258534; PMCID: PMC8905400.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  3. Pham PN, Sharma M, Bindu KK, Zikomangane P, Nethery RC, Nilles E, Vinck P. Protective Behaviors Associated With Gender During the 2018-2020 Ebola Outbreak in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 02 01; 5(2):e2147462. PMID: 35171261; PMCID: PMC8851299.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  4. Nethery RC, Chen JT, Krieger N, Waterman PD, Peterson E, Waller LA, Coull BA. Statistical implications of endogeneity induced by residential segregation in small-area modelling of health inequities. Am Stat. 2022; 76(2):142-151. PMID: 35531350; PMCID: PMC9070859.
  5. Nethery RC, Katz-Christy N, Kioumourtzoglou MA, Parks RM, Schumacher A, Anderson GB. Integrated causal-predictive machine learning models for tropical cyclone epidemiology. Biostatistics. 2021 Dec 28. PMID: 34962265.
    Citations:    Fields:    
  6. Chen KL, Henneman LRF, Nethery RC. Differential impacts of COVID-19 lockdowns on PM 2.5 across the United States. Environ Adv. 2021 Dec; 6:100122. PMID: 34642672.
    Citations: 2     
  7. Li H, Hart JE, Mahalingaiah S, Nethery RC, VoPham T, Bertone-Johnson E, Laden F. Ultraviolet radiation and age at natural menopause in a nationwide, prospective US cohort. Environ Res. 2022 01; 203:111929. PMID: 34428453.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  8. Kamai EM, Villanger GD, Nethery RC, Thomsen C, Sakhi AK, Drover SSM, Hoppin JA, Knudsen GP, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Zeiner P, Overgaard K, Herring AH, Aase H, Engel SM. Gestational Phthalate Exposure and Preschool Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Norway. Environ Epidemiol. 2021 Aug; 5(4):e161. PMID: 34414345.
  9. Li H, Hart JE, Mahalingaiah S, Nethery RC, James P, Bertone-Johnson E, Schernhammer E, Laden F. Associations of long-term exposure to environmental noise and outdoor light at night with age at natural menopause in a US women cohort. Environ Epidemiol. 2021 Jun; 5(3):e154. PMID: 34131615; PMCID: PMC8196097.
  10. Nethery RC, Rushovich T, Peterson E, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Krieger N, Waller L, Coull BA. Comparing denominator sources for real-time disease incidence modeling: American Community Survey and WorldPop. SSM Popul Health. 2021 Jun; 14:100786. PMID: 33981823.
  11. Choi G, Keil AP, Villanger GD, Richardson DB, Daniels JL, Hoffman K, Sakhi AK, Thomsen C, Herring AH, Drover SSM, Nethery R, Aase H, Engel SM. Pregnancy exposure to common-detect organophosphate esters and phthalates and maternal thyroid function. Sci Total Environ. 2021 Aug 15; 782:146709. PMID: 33839654; PMCID: PMC8222630.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  12. Chao A, Picard MH, Passeri JJ, Cui J, Nethery RC, Wasfy JH. Effect of Availability of Transcatheter Aortic-Valve Implantation on Survival for all Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 2021 06 15; 149:72-77. PMID: 33753034.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  13. Parks RM, Anderson GB, Nethery RC, Navas-Acien A, Dominici F, Kioumourtzoglou MA. Tropical cyclone exposure is associated with increased hospitalization rates in older adults. Nat Commun. 2021 03 09; 12(1):1545. PMID: 33750775; PMCID: PMC7943804.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  14. Choi G, Villanger GD, Drover SSM, Sakhi AK, Thomsen C, Nethery RC, Zeiner P, Knudsen GP, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Øvergaard KR, Herring AH, Skogan AH, Biele G, Aase H, Engel SM. Prenatal phthalate exposures and executive function in preschool children. Environ Int. 2021 04; 149:106403. PMID: 33524667; PMCID: PMC7945722.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  15. Krieger N, Nethery RC, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Wright E, Rushovich T, Coull BA. Impact of Differential Privacy and Census Tract Data Source (Decennial Census Versus American Community Survey) for Monitoring Health Inequities. Am J Public Health. 2021 02; 111(2):265-268. PMID: 33351654; PMCID: PMC7811099.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  16. Li H, Hart JE, Mahalingaiah S, Nethery RC, Bertone-Johnson E, Laden F. Long-term exposure to particulate matter and roadway proximity with age at natural menopause in the Nurses' Health Study II Cohort. Environ Pollut. 2021 Jan 15; 269:116216. PMID: 33316492; PMCID: PMC7785633.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  17. Wu X, Nethery RC, Sabath MB, Braun D, Dominici F. Air pollution and COVID-19 mortality in the United States: Strengths and limitations of an ecological regression analysis. Sci Adv. 2020 11; 6(45). PMID: 33148655.
    Citations: 235     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  18. Yitshak-Sade M, Nethery R, Schwartz JD, Mealli F, Dominici F, Di Q, Abu Awad Y, Ifergane G, Zanobetti A. PM2.5 and hospital admissions among Medicare enrollees with chronic debilitating brain disorders. Sci Total Environ. 2021 Feb 10; 755(Pt 2):142524. PMID: 33065503; PMCID: PMC7749824.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  19. Nethery RC, Mealli F, Sacks JD, Dominici F. Evaluation of the health impacts of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments using causal inference and machine learning. J Am Stat Assoc. 2020 Sep 16; 1:1-12. PMID: 33424062.
  20. Yitshak-Sade M, Nethery R, Abu Awad Y, Mealli F, Dominici F, Kloog I, Zanobetti A. Lowering Air Pollution Levels in Massachusetts May Prevent Cardiovascular Hospital Admissions. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020 05 26; 75(20):2642-2644. PMID: 32439015; PMCID: PMC7741179.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  21. Nethery RC, Yang Y, Brown AJ, Dominici F. A causal inference framework for cancer cluster investigations using publicly available data. J R Stat Soc Ser A Stat Soc. 2020 Jun; 183(3):1253-1272. PMID: 34262243.
    Citations: 1     
  22. Wu X, Nethery RC, Sabath BM, Braun D, Dominici F. Exposure to air pollution and COVID-19 mortality in the United States: A nationwide cross-sectional study. medRxiv. 2020 Apr 07. PMID: 32511651.
  23. Villanger GD, Drover SSM, Nethery RC, Thomsen C, Sakhi AK, Øvergaard KR, Zeiner P, Hoppin JA, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Aase H, Engel SM. Associations between urine phthalate metabolites and thyroid function in pregnant women and the influence of iodine status. Environ Int. 2020 04; 137:105509. PMID: 32044443.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  24. Nethery RC, Sandler DP, Zhao S, Engel LS, Kwok RK. A joint spatial factor analysis model to accommodate data from misaligned areal units with application to Louisiana social vulnerability. Biostatistics. 2019 07 01; 20(3):468-484. PMID: 29659722.
    Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    Citations: 3     
  26. Nethery RC, Dominici F. Estimating pollution-attributable mortality at the regional and global scales: challenges in uncertainty estimation and causal inference. Eur Heart J. 2019 05 21; 40(20):1597-1599. PMID: 31004133; PMCID: PMC6528153.
    Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
  27. Engel SM, Villanger GD, Nethery RC, Thomsen C, Sakhi AK, Drover SSM, Hoppin JA, Zeiner P, Knudsen GP, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Herring AH, Aase H. Prenatal Phthalates, Maternal Thyroid Function, and Risk of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Environ Health Perspect. 2018 05 10; 126(5):057004. PMID: 29790729; PMCID: PMC6071976.
    Citations: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
  28. Grace MR, Vladutiu CJ, Nethery RC, Siega-Riz AM, Manuck TA, Herring AH, Savitz D, Thorp JT. Lipoprotein particle concentration measured by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is associated with gestational age at delivery: a prospective cohort study. BJOG. 2018 Jun; 125(7):895-903. PMID: 28886230; PMCID: PMC6582364.
    Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
  29. Ghosh A, Nethery RC, Herring AH, Tarran R. Flavored little cigar smoke induces cytotoxicity and apoptosis in airway epithelia. Cell Death Discov. 2017; 3:17019. PMID: 28496992.
    Citations: 5     
  30. Rowell TR, Reeber SL, Lee SL, Harris RA, Nethery RC, Herring AH, Glish GL, Tarran R. Flavored e-cigarette liquids reduce proliferation and viability in the CALU3 airway epithelial cell line. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 07 01; 313(1):L52-L66. PMID: 28428175; PMCID: PMC5538872.
    Citations: 45     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
  31. Nethery RC, Warren JL, Herring AH, Moore KA, Evenson KR, Diez-Roux AV. A common spatial factor analysis model for measured neighborhood-level characteristics: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Health Place. 2015 Nov; 36:35-46. PMID: 26372887; PMCID: PMC4679666.
    Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.