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Ramnath Subbaraman, M.D.


University of Chicago Human Rights Fellowship
2005 - 2006
Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholar Award
Yale/Stanford Johnson & Johnson Scholar in International Health
2011 - 2012
Fogarty International Clinical Research Fellowship
Distinguished Fellow Teaching Award, Brigham and Women's Hospital Department of Medicine
2013 - 2015
Harvard HIV T32 Fellowship
David Brudnoy Scholar Award, Massachusetts General Hospital Division of Infectious Diseases
Keynote speaker at Global Health Conference Midwest at Creighton University
2015 - 2016
Global Health Equity Scholars Fellowship, NIH Fogarty International Center
2015 - 2016
Human Right to Water Innovation Fellowship from the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee
2016 - 2018
KL2/Catalyst Medical Research Investigator Training Award

I am an infectious diseases specialist and internal medicine physician with two different areas of research. First, I conduct implementation science research on strategies to improve delivery of tuberculosis (TB) care in India, which has the world’s largest TB epidemic. I am interested in identifying deficiencies across multiple points in the TB cascade of care—including case detection, linkage to treatment, and retention in care—to facilitate the development of patient-centered interventions. In addition, I collaborate with researchers performing innovative work on improving the quality of TB care in India.

I am also involved in the field of “slum health”. I investigate social determinants of health in urban slums in conjunction with PUKAR, a Mumbai-based research collective. Our field research has illuminated the adverse impacts of legal exclusion on health outcomes in non-notified slums in India. Non-notified slums are generally denied access to the municipal water supply, sanitation infrastructure, electricity, land tenure, and housing rights. We have conducted more than 15 field studies in the slum settlements of Kaula Bandar and Mandala since 2009, on a range of issues including water poverty, mental health, child immunizations, and malnutrition.

Featured Content

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Thomas BE, Subbaraman R, Sellappan S, Suresh C, Lavanya J, Lincy S, Raja AL, Javeed B, Kokila S, Arumugam S, Swaminathan S, Mayer KH. Pretreatment loss to follow-up of tuberculosis patients in Chennai, India: a cohort study with implications for health systems strengthening. BMC Infect Dis. 2018 03 27; 18(1):142. PMID: 29587651.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Subbaraman R, Daftary A. Let's Talk TB (Madhukar Pai, editor). Monitoring and improving adherence to tuberculosis medications. 2017; 6-15.
  3. Subbaraman R, Thomas BE, Sellappan S, Suresh C, Jayabal L, Lincy S, Raja AL, McFall A, Solomon SS, Mayer KH, Swaminathan S. Tuberculosis patients in an Indian mega-city: Where do they live and where are they diagnosed? PLoS One. 2017; 12(8):e0183240. PMID: 28813536.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Drain PK, Subbaraman R, Heimburger DC. Preserving the Fogarty International Center - Benefits for Americans and the World. N Engl J Med. 2017 Jul 06; 377(1):9-11. PMID: 28537844.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Nolan LB, Bloom DE, Subbaraman R. Legal Status and Deprivation in India’s Urban Slums: An Analysis of Two Decades of National Sample Survey Data (Working Paper No. 135). Program on the Global Demography of Aging at Harvard University, Working Paper Series. 2017.
  6. Cazabon D, Alsdurf H, Satyanarayana S, Nathavitharana R, Subbaraman R, Daftary A, Pai M. Quality of tuberculosis care in high burden countries: the urgent need to address gaps in the care cascade. Int J Infect Dis. 2017 Mar; 56:111-116. PMID: 27794468.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Subbaraman R, Nathavitharana RR, Satyanarayana S, Pai M, Thomas BE, Chadha VK, Rade K, Swaminathan S, Mayer KH. The Tuberculosis Cascade of Care in India's Public Sector: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2016 Oct; 13(10):e1002149. PMID: 27780217.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Satyanarayana S, Kwan A, Daniels B, Subbaraman R, McDowell A, Bergkvist S, Das RK, Das V, Das J, Pai M. Use of standardised patients to assess antibiotic dispensing for tuberculosis by pharmacies in urban India: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Nov; 16(11):1261-1268. PMID: 27568359.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Thomas BE, Shanmugam P, Malaisamy M, Ovung S, Suresh C, Subbaraman R, Adinarayanan S, Nagarajan K. Psycho-Socio-Economic Issues Challenging Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients: A Systematic Review. PLoS One. 2016; 11(1):e0147397. PMID: 26807933; PMCID: PMC4726571.
  10. Subbaraman R, Murthy SL. The right to water in the slums of Mumbai, India. Bull World Health Organ. 2015 Nov 01; 93(11):815-6. PMID: 26549911; PMCID: PMC4622161.
  11. Das J, Kwan A, Daniels B, Satyanarayana S, Subbaraman R, Bergkvist S, Das RK, Das V, Pai M. Use of standardised patients to assess quality of tuberculosis care: a pilot, cross-sectional study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Nov; 15(11):1305-13. PMID: 26268690; PMCID: PMC4633317.
  12. Subbaraman R, Pai M. A killer combination that must be stopped. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Aug; 19(8):877-8. PMID: 26162350; PMCID: PMC4503371.
  13. Subbaraman R, Nolan L, Sawant K, Shitole S, Shitole T, Nanarkar M, Patil-Deshmukh A, Bloom DE. Multidimensional Measurement of Household Water Poverty in a Mumbai Slum: Looking Beyond Water Quality. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7):e0133241. PMID: 26196295.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Satyanarayana S, Subbaraman R, Shete P, Gore G, Das J, Cattamanchi A, Mayer K, Menzies D, Harries AD, Hopewell P, Pai M. Quality of tuberculosis care in India: a systematic review. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Jul; 19(7):751-63. PMID: 26056098; PMCID: PMC4462173.
  15. Subbaraman R, Nolan L, Shitole T, Sawant K, Shitole S, Sood K, Nanarkar M, Ghannam J, Betancourt TS, Bloom DE, Patil-Deshmukh A. The psychological toll of slum living in Mumbai, India: a mixed methods study. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Oct; 119:155-69. PMID: 25189736; PMCID: PMC4252879.
  16. Thomson DR, Shitole S, Shitole T, Sawant K, Subbaraman R, Bloom DE, Patil-Deshmukh A. A system for household enumeration and re-identification in densely populated slums to facilitate community research, education, and advocacy. PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e93925. PMID: 24722369; PMCID: PMC3983094.
  17. Sreeramareddy CT, Qin ZZ, Satyanarayana S, Subbaraman R, Pai M. Delays in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis in India: a systematic review. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Mar; 18(3):255-266. PMID: 24670558; PMCID: PMC4070850.
  18. Patel RB, Stoklosa H, Shitole S, Shitole T, Sawant K, Nanarkar M, Subbaraman R, Ridpath A, Patil-Deshmuk A. The high cost of diarrhoeal illness for urban slum households-a cost-recovery approach: a cohort study. BMJ Open. 2013; 3(4). PMID: 23558731; PMCID: PMC3641490.
  19. Subbaraman R, Shitole S, Shitole T, Sawant K, O'Brien J, Bloom DE, Patil-Deshmukh A. The social ecology of water in a Mumbai slum: failures in water quality, quantity, and reliability. BMC Public Health. 2013 Feb 26; 13:173. PMID: 23442300; PMCID: PMC3599692.
  20. Subbaraman R, O'Brien J, Shitole T, Shitole S, Sawant K, Bloom DE, Patil-Deshmukh A. Off the map: the health and social implications of being a non-notified slum in India. Environ Urban. 2012 Oct; 24(2):643-663. PMID: 23400338.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Subbaraman R, Devaleenal B, Selvamuthu P, Yepthomi T, Solomon SS, Mayer KH, Kumarasamy N. Factors associated with anaemia in HIV-infected individuals in southern India. Int J STD AIDS. 2009 Jul; 20(7):489-92. PMID: 19541892; PMCID: PMC4418531.
  22. Solomon S, Subbaraman R, Solomon SS, Srikrishnan AK, Johnson SC, Vasudevan CK, Anand S, Ganesh AK, Celentano DD. Domestic violence and forced sex among the urban poor in South India: implications for HIV prevention. Violence Against Women. 2009 Jul; 15(7):753-73. PMID: 19448166; PMCID: PMC4422902.
  23. Solomon SS, Hawcroft CS, Narasimhan P, Subbaraman R, Srikrishnan AK, Cecelia AJ, Suresh Kumar M, Solomon S, Gallant JE, Celentano DD. Comorbidities among HIV-infected injection drug users in Chennai, India. Indian J Med Res. 2008 May; 127(5):447-52. PMID: 18653907.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Swaminathan S, Subbaraman R, Venkatesan P, Subramanyam S, Kumar SR, Mayer KH, Narayanan PR. Tuberculin skin test results in HIV-infected patients in India: implications for latent tuberculosis treatment. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Feb; 12(2):168-73. PMID: 18230249.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Andrews J, Subbaraman R. Chapter 46: Nutrition and Tuberculosis. In: Tuberculosis (2nd edition). Editors: Sharma SK, Mohan A. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers: New Delhi, India. 2008.
  26. Subbaraman R, Chaguturu SK, Mayer KH, Flanigan TP, Kumarasamy N. Adverse effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy in developing countries. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Oct 15; 45(8):1093-101. PMID: 17879931.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Andrews J, Basu S, Scales D, Maru DS, Subbaraman R. XDR-TB in South Africa: theory and practice. PLoS Med. 2007 Apr; 4(4):e163. PMID: 17455998; PMCID: PMC1876421.
  28. Smith-Rohrberg D, Basu S, Subbaraman R, Sharma SK. Compromising comprehensive AIDS management will lead to failure. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 Jul; 6(7):384-5; author reply 387-8. PMID: 16790374.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Subbaraman R. Beyond the question of the monkey imposter: Indian influence on the Chinese novel, The Journey to the West. Sino-platonic Papers. 2002; (114):1-35.
  30. Zhu X, Subbaraman R, Sano H, Jacobs B, Sano A, Boetticher E, Muñoz NM, Leff AR. A surrogate method for assessment of beta(2)-integrin-dependent adhesion of human eosinophils to ICAM-1. J Immunol Methods. 2000 Jun 23; 240(1-2):157-64. PMID: 10854610.
    View in: PubMed
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