Harvard Catalyst Profiles

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Proinsulin

"Proinsulin" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity.

A pancreatic polypeptide of about 110 amino acids, depending on the species, that is the precursor of insulin. Proinsulin, produced by the PANCREATIC BETA CELLS, is comprised sequentially of the N-terminal B-chain, the proteolytically removable connecting C-peptide, and the C-terminal A-chain. It also contains three disulfide bonds, two between A-chain and B-chain. After cleavage at two locations, insulin and C-peptide are the secreted products. Intact proinsulin with low bioactivity also is secreted in small amounts.


This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Proinsulin" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Proinsulin" was a major or minor topic of these publication.
Bar chart showing 42 publications over 23 distinct years, with a maximum of 4 publications in 1992 and 2011
To see the data from this visualization as text, click here.
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Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.