Harvard Catalyst Profiles

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Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System

"Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity.

A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism.


This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System" was a major or minor topic of these publication.
Bar chart showing 356 publications over 30 distinct years, with a maximum of 26 publications in 2003
To see the data from this visualization as text, click here.
Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.