Harvard Catalyst Profiles

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Pathophysiology and diagnosis of neurological pain syndromes


Biography

Overview
Pain from tissue injury is usually brief and resolves as the injury heals. But some patients have chronic pain with no disease or recent injury in the painful area to explain it. These mystery pain patients are poorly served by our health care system. Many among them have unappreciated nerve diseases or injuries that could be recognized and treated if we had better tests. The candidate is an MD, PhD neurologist and neuroscientist with research and clinical fellowship training in peripheral nerve as well as pain. Her long-term career goals are to identify and investigate neuropathic pain (neuralgia) syndromes, and to develop better objective methods for diagnosing and studying them. Neuralgia, whether caused by focal nerve injuries or diseases such as diabetes, is specifically associated with distal degeneration of the small diameter axons (small-fibers) that transmit pain sensations and regulate the body's tissue functions. Small-fiber damage is nearly impossible to diagnose by routine examination or testing (electromyography/nerve conduction studies), so many chronic pain patients remain in limbo without a diagnosis or effective treatment. The candidate's immediate career goal is to finish work showing that patients with focal neuralgia caused by injury have axonal degeneration in mirror nerves on the opposite side of the body, as well as in nerves that were directly injured. The research career development plan includes establishing new multidisciplinary collaborations to develop new methods of studying and diagnosing small-fiber disease. The environment, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) at Harvard Medical School, provides outstanding resources, collaborators, and many potential clinician/investigator trainees from among the residents and fellows. The many chronic-pain patients seeking care at MGH, including those referred to the candidate's JCAHO-accredited skin biopsy laboratory for diagnosis of suspected small-fiber polyneuropathies, provide another resource for this project. At MGH such patients have a small distal-leg skin biopsy removed and immunolabeled to permit counting the small-fiber nerve endings within. In Aim 1 patients scheduled for such skin biopsy testing will also be offered distal-leg, laser-Doppler, skin-blood-flow studies to evaluate if (and which) blood-flow measurements might provide a noninvasive substitute for skin-biopsy tests. In Aim 2 these same patients will be offered ultrasound tests of heel-bone density to test the hypothesis that small-fiber polyneuropathies also cause bone loss. If this is true, such patients may have currently unappreciated risk for osteoporosis and bone fracture. Plus, modulating small-fiber effects on bone might offer potential new treatments for osteoporosis. Aim 3 involves collaboration with MGH's neuroradiologists to optimize 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging equipment and methods to permit physicians to see the chronic nerve injuries that leave some patients with mystery pain after seemingly minor or healed injuries.
K24NS059892
OAKLANDER, ANNE LOUISE

Time
2008-04-01
2013-03-31
Funded by the NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences through its Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program, grant number UL1TR002541.