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David Norman Caplan, M.D.,C.M., PH.D.

TitleProfessor of Neurology
InstitutionMassachusetts General Hospital
DepartmentNeurology
AddressMassachusetts General Hospital
Neuropsychology, Suite 340
175 Cambridge St.
Boston MA 02114
Phone617/726-3274
Fax617/724-7836

 Mentoring 
 current student opportunities
Available: 09/01/13, Expires: 08/31/14

My research deals with disorders of language that occur in neurological disease. The focus is mainly on the nature of the language, but I study the lesions as well. Students interested in this area could develop projects that examine performances of patients they see, or work on existing projects (which are mainly about syntax).

 completed student projects
Localization of Disorders of Syntax-Based Comprehension
Part Time/Continuation, 09/01/98 - 06/20/99

 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Gow DW, Caplan DN. New levels of language processing complexity and organization revealed by granger causation. Front Psychol. 2012; 3:506.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Caplan D. Experimental design and interpretation of functional neuroimaging studies of cognitive processes. Hum Brain Mapp. 2009 Jan; 30(1):59-77.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Caplan D, Stanczak L, Waters G. Syntactic and thematic constraint effects on blood oxygenation level dependent signal correlates of comprehension of relative clauses. J Cogn Neurosci. 2008 Apr; 20(4):643-56.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Caplan D, Chen E, Waters G. Task-dependent and task-independent neurovascular responses to syntactic processing. Cortex. 2008 Mar; 44(3):257-75.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Caplan D, Waters G, Dede G, Michaud J, Reddy A. A study of syntactic processing in aphasia I: behavioral (psycholinguistic) aspects. Brain Lang. 2007 May; 101(2):103-50.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Caplan D, Waters G, Kennedy D, Alpert N, Makris N, Dede G, Michaud J, Reddy A. A study of syntactic processing in aphasia II: neurological aspects. Brain Lang. 2007 May; 101(2):151-77.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Caplan D. Aphasic deficits in syntactic processing. Cortex. 2006 Aug; 42(6):797-804.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Kuperberg GR, Lakshmanan BM, Caplan DN, Holcomb PJ. Making sense of discourse: an fMRI study of causal inferencing across sentences. Neuroimage. 2006 Oct 15; 33(1):343-61.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Chen E, West WC, Waters G, Caplan D. Determinants of bold signal correlates of processing object-extracted relative clauses. Cortex. 2006 May; 42(4):591-604.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Caplan D. Why is Broca's area involved in syntax? Cortex. 2006 May; 42(4):469-71.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Caplan D, Chen E. Using fMRI to discover cognitive operations. Cortex. 2006 Apr; 42(3):393-5; discussion 422-7.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Kuperberg GR, Kreher DA, Sitnikova T, Caplan DN, Holcomb PJ. The role of animacy and thematic relationships in processing active English sentences: evidence from event-related potentials. Brain Lang. 2007 Mar; 100(3):223-37.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Schmahmann JD, Caplan D. Cognition, emotion and the cerebellum. Brain. 2006 Feb; 129(Pt 2):290-2.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Caplan D, DeDe G, Brownell H. Effects of syntactic features on sentence-picture matching in Broca's aphasics: a reply to Drai and Grodzinksy (2005). Brain Lang. 2006 Feb; 96(2):129-34; discussion 157-70.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Waters G, Caplan D. The relationship between age, processing speed, working memory capacity, and language comprehension. Memory. 2005 Apr-May; 13(3-4):403-13.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Doherty CP, West WC, Dilley LC, Shattuck-Hufnagel S, Caplan D. Question/statement judgments: an fMRI study of intonation processing. Hum Brain Mapp. 2004 Oct; 23(2):85-98.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Rigalleau F, Caplan D, Baudiffier V. New arguments in favour of an automatic gender pronominal process. Q J Exp Psychol A. 2004 Jul; 57(5):893-933.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Rigalleau F, Baudiffier V, Caplan D. Comprehension of sentences with stylistic inversion by French aphasic patients. Brain Lang. 2004 Apr; 89(1):142-56.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Caplan D, Moo L. Cognitive conjunction and cognitive functions. Neuroimage. 2004 Feb; 21(2):751-6.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Waters GS, Caplan D. Verbal working memory and on-line syntactic processing: evidence from self-paced listening. Q J Exp Psychol A. 2004 Jan; 57(1):129-63.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Waters GS, Caplan D. The reliability and stability of verbal working memory measures. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput. 2003 Nov; 35(4):550-64.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Kuperberg GR, Sitnikova T, Caplan D, Holcomb PJ. Electrophysiological distinctions in processing conceptual relationships within simple sentences. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2003 Jun; 17(1):117-29.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Caplan D, Waters G, Alpert N. Effects of age and speed of processing on rCBF correlates of syntactic processing in sentence comprehension. Hum Brain Mapp. 2003 Jun; 19(2):112-31.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Waters G, Caplan D, Alpert N, Stanczak L. Individual differences in rCBF correlates of syntactic processing in sentence comprehension: effects of working memory and speed of processing. Neuroimage. 2003 May; 19(1):101-12.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Hoen M, Golembiowski M, Guyot E, Deprez V, Caplan D, Dominey PF. Training with cognitive sequences improves syntactic comprehension in agrammatic aphasics. Neuroreport. 2003 Mar 3; 14(3):495-9.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Waters G, Caplan D, Yampolsky S. On-line syntactic processing under concurrent memory load. Psychon Bull Rev. 2003 Mar; 10(1):88-95.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Kuperberg GR, Holcomb PJ, Sitnikova T, Greve D, Dale AM, Caplan D. Distinct patterns of neural modulation during the processing of conceptual and syntactic anomalies. J Cogn Neurosci. 2003 Feb 15; 15(2):272-93.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Caplan D, Waters G. On-line syntactic processing in aphasia: studies with auditory moving window presentation. Brain Lang. 2003 Feb; 84(2):222-49.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Chee MW, Caplan D. Face encoding and psychometric testing in healthy dextrals with right hemisphere language. Neurology. 2002 Dec 24; 59(12):1928-34.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Waters G, Caplan D. Working memory and online syntactic processing in Alzheimer's disease: studies with auditory moving window presentation. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2002 Jul; 57(4):P298-311.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Chee MW, Hon NH, Caplan D, Lee HL, Goh J. Frequency of concrete words modulates prefrontal activation during semantic judgments. Neuroimage. 2002 May; 16(1):259-68.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Yampolsky S, Waters G, Caplan D, Matthies M, Chiu P. Effects of acoustic degradation on syntactic processing: implications for the nature of the resource system used in language processing. Brain Cogn. 2002 Mar-Apr; 48(2-3):617-25.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Caplan D, Vijayan S, Kuperberg G, West C, Waters G, Greve D, Dale AM. Vascular responses to syntactic processing: event-related fMRI study of relative clauses. Hum Brain Mapp. 2002 Jan; 15(1):26-38.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Caplan D. Functional neuroimaging studies of syntactic processing. J Psycholinguist Res. 2001 May; 30(3):297-320.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Caplan D. The measurement of chance performance in aphasia, with specific reference to the comprehension of semantically reversible passive sentences: a note on issues raised by Caramazza, Capitani, Rey, and Berndt (2001) and Drai, Grodzinsky, and Zurif (2001). Brain Lang. 2001 Feb; 76(2):193-201.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Caplan D. Language-related cortex in deaf individuals: functional specialization for language or perceptual plasticity? Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Dec 5; 97(25):13476-7.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Caplan D, Alpert N, Waters G, Olivieri A. Activation of Broca's area by syntactic processing under conditions of concurrent articulation. Hum Brain Mapp. 2000 Feb; 9(2):65-71.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Caplan D, Waters GS. Verbal working memory and sentence comprehension. Behav Brain Sci. 1999 Feb; 22(1):77-94; discussion 95-126.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Caplan D, Alpert N, Waters G. Effects of syntactic structure and propositional number on patterns of regional cerebral blood flow. J Cogn Neurosci. 1998 Jul; 10(4):541-52.
    View in: PubMed
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