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Last Name
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Wafaie W. Fawzi, Ph.D., M.B.,B.S.

TitleRichard Saltonstall Professor of Population Sciences, and Professor of Nutrition,
InstitutionHarvard School of Public Health
DepartmentNutrition
AddressHarvard School of Public Health
Nutrition 2-329A
655 Huntington Ave
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/432-2086
Other Positions
TitleRichard Saltonstall Professor of Population Sciences, and Professor of Nutrition,; Harvard School of Public Health
InstitutionFaculty of Arts & Sciences
DepartmentGen Ed

TitleChair, Department of Global Health and Population
InstitutionHarvard School of Public Health
DepartmentGlobal Health + Population


 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Murray CJ, Lozano R, Flaxman AD, Serina P, Phillips D, Stewart A, James SL, Vahdatpour A, Atkinson C, Freeman MK, Ohno SL, Black R, Ali SM, Baqui AH, Dandona L, Dantzer E, Darmstadt GL, Das V, Dhingra U, Dutta A, Fawzi W, Gómez S, Hernández B, Joshi R, Kalter HD, Kumar A, Kumar V, Lucero M, Mehta S, Neal B, Praveen D, Premji Z, Ramírez-Villalobos D, Remolador H, Riley I, Romero M, Said M, Sanvictores D, Sazawal S, Tallo V, Lopez AD. Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods. BMC Med. 2014; 12(1):5.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Thorne-Lyman A, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Is the strength of association between indicators of dietary quality and the nutritional status of children being underestimated? Matern Child Nutr. 2014 Jan; 10(1):159-60.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Baum MK, Campa A, Lai S, Sales Martinez S, Tsalaile L, Burns P, Farahani M, Li Y, van Widenfelt E, Page JB, Bussmann H, Fawzi WW, Moyo S, Makhema J, Thior I, Essex M, Marlink R. Effect of micronutrient supplementation on disease progression in asymptomatic, antiretroviral-naive, HIV-infected adults in Botswana: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2013 Nov 27; 310(20):2154-63.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Mehta S, Mugusi FM, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Urassa W, Villamor E, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D status and TB treatment outcomes in adult patients in Tanzania: a cohort study. BMJ Open. 2013; 3(11):e003703.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Watts DH, Brown ER, Maldonado Y, Herron C, Chipato T, Reddy L, Moodley D, Nakabiito C, Manji K, Fawzi W, George K, Richardson P, Zwerski S, Coovadia H, Fowler M. HIV Disease Progression in the First Year After Delivery Among African Women Followed in the HPTN 046 Clinical Trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Nov 1; 64(3):299-306.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Sania A, Spiegelman D, Rich-Edwards J, Okuma J, Kisenge R, Msamanga G, Urassa W, Fawzi WW. The contribution of preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction to infant mortality in Tanzania. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2014 Jan; 28(1):23-31.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Liu E, Duggan C, Manji KP, Kupka R, Aboud S, Bosch RJ, Kisenge RR, Okuma J, Fawzi WW. Multivitamin supplementation improves haematologic status in children born to HIV-positive women in Tanzania. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013; 16(1):18022.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Christian P, Lee SE, Donahue Angel M, Adair LS, Arifeen SE, Ashorn P, Barros FC, Fall CH, Fawzi WW, Hao W, Hu G, Humphrey JH, Huybregts L, Joglekar CV, Kariuki SK, Kolsteren P, Krishnaveni GV, Liu E, Martorell R, Osrin D, Persson LA, Ramakrishnan U, Richter L, Roberfroid D, Sania A, Ter Kuile FO, Tielsch J, Victora CG, Yajnik CS, Yan H, Zeng L, Black RE. Risk of childhood undernutrition related to small-for-gestational age and preterm birth in low- and middle-income countries. Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Oct; 42(5):1340-55.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Haider BA, Olofin I, Wang M, Spiegelman D, Ezzati M, Fawzi WW. Anaemia, prenatal iron use, and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013; 346:f3443.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Balarajan Y, Subramanian SV, Fawzi WW. Maternal iron and folic Acid supplementation is associated with lower risk of low birth weight in India. J Nutr. 2013 Aug; 143(8):1309-15.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Katz J, Lee AC, Kozuki N, Lawn JE, Cousens S, Blencowe H, Ezzati M, Bhutta ZA, Marchant T, Willey BA, Adair L, Barros F, Baqui AH, Christian P, Fawzi W, Gonzalez R, Humphrey J, Huybregts L, Kolsteren P, Mongkolchati A, Mullany LC, Ndyomugyenyi R, Nien JK, Osrin D, Roberfroid D, Sania A, Schmiegelow C, Silveira MF, Tielsch J, Vaidya A, Velaphi SC, Victora CG, Watson-Jones D, Black RE. Mortality risk in preterm and small-for-gestational-age infants in low-income and middle-income countries: a pooled country analysis. Lancet. 2013 Aug 3; 382(9890):417-25.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Sudfeld CR, Duggan C, Histed A, Manji KP, Meydani SN, Aboud S, Wang M, Giovannucci EL, Fawzi WW. Effect of Multivitamin Supplementation on Measles Vaccine Response among HIV-Exposed Uninfected Tanzanian Infants. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2013 Aug; 20(8):1123-32.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Olofin I, McDonald CM, Ezzati M, Flaxman S, Black RE, Fawzi WW, Caulfield LE, Danaei G. Associations of Suboptimal Growth with All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in Children under Five Years: A Pooled Analysis of Ten Prospective Studies. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e64636.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Li N, Manji KP, Spiegelman D, Muya A, Mwiru RS, Liu E, Chalamilla G, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Incident tuberculosis and risk factors among HIV-infected children in Tanzania. AIDS. 2013 May 15; 27(8):1273-81.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Sudfeld CR, Isanaka S, Mugusi FM, Aboud S, Wang M, Chalamilla GE, Giovannucci EL, Fawzi WW. Weight change at 1 mo of antiretroviral therapy and its association with subsequent mortality, morbidity, and CD4 T cell reconstitution in a Tanzanian HIV-infected adult cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jun; 97(6):1278-87.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Petraro P, Duggan C, Urassa W, Msamanga G, Makubi A, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Determinants of anemia in postpartum HIV-negative women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul; 67(7):708-17.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Rwebembera A, Sudfeld CR, Manji KP, Duggan C, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Vitamin D Deficiency Among Tanzanian HIV-Exposed Uninfected Infants. J Trop Pediatr. 2013 Oct; 59(5):426-9.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Hawkins C, Christian B, Ye J, Nagu T, Aris E, Chalamilla G, Spiegelman D, Mugusi F, Mehta S, Fawzi W. Prevalence of hepatitis B co-infection and response to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients in Tanzania. AIDS. 2013 Mar 27; 27(6):919-27.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Kupka R, Manji KP, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Okuma J, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Multivitamin Supplements Have No Effect on Growth of Tanzanian Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers. J Nutr. 2013 May; 143(5):722-7.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Balarajan YS, Fawzi WW, Subramanian SV. Changing patterns of social inequalities in anaemia among women in India: cross-sectional study using nationally representative data. BMJ Open. 2013; 3(3).
    View in: PubMed
  21. Liu E, Armstrong C, Spiegelman D, Chalamilla G, Njelekela M, Hawkins C, Hertzmark E, Li N, Aris E, Muhihi A, Semu H, Fawzi W. First-line Antiretroviral Therapy and Changes in Lipid Levels Over 3 Years Among HIV-Infected Adults in Tanzania. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Jun; 56(12):1820-8.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Sudfeld CR, Mugusi FM, Fawzi WW. Reply to seraphin. J Infect Dis. 2013 May; 207(10):1623.
    View in: PubMed
  23. McDonald CM, Olofin I, Flaxman S, Fawzi WW, Spiegelman D, Caulfield LE, Black RE, Ezzati M, Danaei G. The effect of multiple anthropometric deficits on child mortality: meta-analysis of individual data in 10 prospective studies from developing countries. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Apr; 97(4):896-901.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Isanaka S, Mugusi F, Fawzi WW. Standard-dose vs high-dose multivitamin supplements for HIV--reply. JAMA. 2013 Feb 13; 309(6):546.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Mwiru R, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Aboud S, Fawzi W. Nutritional Predictors of Acute Respiratory Infections Among Children Born to HIV-Infected Women in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2013 Jun; 59(3):203-8.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Sudfeld CR, Isanaka S, Aboud S, Mugusi FM, Wang M, Chalamilla GE, Fawzi WW. Association of serum albumin concentration with mortality, morbidity, CD4 T-cell reconstitution among tanzanians initiating antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2013 May; 207(9):1370-8.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Lukmanji Z, Hertzmark E, Spiegleman D, Fawzi WW. Dietary Patterns, Nutrient Intake, and Sociodemographic Characteristics in HIV-Infected Tanzanian Pregnant Women. Ecol Food Nutr. 2013 Jan; 52(1):34-62.
    View in: PubMed
  28. McDonald CM, Manji KP, Kupka R, Bellinger DC, Spiegelman D, Kisenge R, Msamanga G, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Stunting and Wasting Are Associated with Poorer Psychomotor and Mental Development in HIV-Exposed Tanzanian Infants. J Nutr. 2013 Feb; 143(2):204-14.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Sudfeld CR, Giovannucci EL, Isanaka S, Aboud S, Mugusi FM, Wang M, Chalamilla G, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D Status and Incidence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Opportunistic Infections, and Wasting Among HIV-Infected Tanzanian Adults Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy. J Infect Dis. 2013 Feb; 207(3):378-85.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Guwatudde D, Ezeamama AE, Bagenda D, Kyeyune R, Wabwire-Mangen F, Wamani H, Mugusi F, Spiegelman D, Wang M, Manabe YC, Fawzi WW. Multivitamin supplementation in HIV infected adults initiating antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: the protocol for a randomized double blinded placebo controlled efficacy trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2012; 12:304.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Duggan C, Manji KP, Kupka R, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Okuma J, Fawzi WW. Multiple micronutrient supplementation in Tanzanian infants born to HIV-infected mothers: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec; 96(6):1437-46.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Isanaka S, Mugusi F, Hawkins C, Spiegelman D, Okuma J, Aboud S, Guerino C, Fawzi WW. Effect of high-dose vs standard-dose multivitamin supplementation at the initiation of HAART on HIV disease progression and mortality in Tanzania: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2012 Oct 17; 308(15):1535-44.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Natchu UC, Liu E, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Peterson K, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces risk of mortality in infants up to 6 mo of age born to HIV-positive Tanzanian women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Nov; 96(5):1071-8.
    View in: PubMed
  34. McDonald CM, Kupka R, Manji KP, Okuma J, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Predictors of stunting, wasting and underweight among Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 Nov; 66(11):1265-76.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Sudfeld CR, Fawzi WW, Lahariya C. Peer support and exclusive breastfeeding duration in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e45143.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Ganmaa D, Giovannucci E, Bloom BR, Fawzi W, Burr W, Batbaatar D, Sumberzul N, Holick MF, Willett WC. Vitamin D, tuberculin skin test conversion, and latent tuberculosis in Mongolian school-age children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled feasibility trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Aug; 96(2):391-6.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Thorne-Lyman A, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D during pregnancy and maternal, neonatal and infant health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 26 Suppl 1:75-90.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Thorne-Lyman AL, Fawzi WW. Vitamin A and carotenoids during pregnancy and maternal, neonatal and infant health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 26 Suppl 1:36-54.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Sudfeld CR, Wang M, Aboud S, Giovannucci EL, Mugusi FM, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D and HIV progression among Tanzanian adults initiating antiretroviral therapy. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e40036.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Isanaka S, Aboud S, Mugusi F, Bosch RJ, Willett WC, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Iron status predicts treatment failure and mortality in tuberculosis patients: a prospective cohort study from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e37350.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Ezeamama AE, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Bosch RJ, Manji KP, Duggan C, Kupka R, Lo MW, Okuma JO, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. HIV infection and the incidence of malaria among HIV-exposed children from Tanzania. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205(10):1486-94.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Fawzi WW. Letter to the editor. Public Health Nutr. 2012 Jul; 15(7):1328.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Nagu TJ, Kanyangarara M, Hawkins C, Hertmark E, Chalamila G, Spiegelman D, Mugusi F, Fawzi W. Elevated alanine aminotransferase in antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected African patients: magnitude and risk factors. HIV Med. 2012 Oct; 13(9):541-8.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Li N, Spiegelman D, Drain P, Mwiru RS, Mugusi F, Chalamilla G, Fawzi WW. Predictors of weight loss after HAART initiation among HIV-infected adults in Tanzania. AIDS. 2012 Mar 13; 26(5):577-85.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Bahl R, Bhandari N, Dube B, Edmond K, Fawzi W, Fontaine O, Kaur J, Kirkwood BR, Martines J, Masanja H, Mazumder S, Msham S, Newton S, Oleary M, Ruben J, Shannon C, Smith E, Taneja S, Yoshida S. Efficacy of early neonatal vitamin A supplementation in reducing mortality during infancy in Ghana, India and Tanzania: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2012; 13:22.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Duggan C, Manji KP, Mugusi FM, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Maternal vitamin D status and child morbidity, anemia, and growth in human immunodeficiency virus-exposed children in Tanzania. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Feb; 31(2):171-5.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Isanaka S, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Manji KP, Msamanga GI, Willet WC, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Post-natal anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected women and the health and survival of their children. Matern Child Nutr. 2012 Jul; 8(3):287-98.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Patel SR, Malhotra A, Gao X, Hu FB, Neuman MI, Fawzi WW. A prospective study of sleep duration and pneumonia risk in women. Sleep. 2012 Jan; 35(1):97-101.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Coovadia HM, Brown ER, Fowler MG, Chipato T, Moodley D, Manji K, Musoke P, Stranix-Chibanda L, Chetty V, Fawzi W, Nakabiito C, Msweli L, Kisenge R, Guay L, Mwatha A, Lynn DJ, Eshleman SH, Richardson P, George K, Andrew P, Mofenson LM, Zwerski S, Maldonado Y. Efficacy and safety of an extended nevirapine regimen in infant children of breastfeeding mothers with HIV-1 infection for prevention of postnatal HIV-1 transmission (HPTN 046): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2012 Jan 21; 379(9812):221-8.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Isanaka S, Mugusi F, Urassa W, Willett WC, Bosch RJ, Villamor E, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Iron deficiency and anemia predict mortality in patients with tuberculosis. J Nutr. 2012 Feb; 142(2):350-7.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Mehta S, Mugusi FM, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Chatterjee A, Finkelstein JL, Fataki M, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW. A randomized trial of multivitamin supplementation in children with tuberculosis in Tanzania. Nutr J. 2011; 10:120.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Austin AM, Hill AG, Fawzi WW. Maternal obesity trends in Egypt 1995-2005. Matern Child Nutr. 2013 Apr; 9(2):167-79.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Duggan CP, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Kupka R, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. Public Health Nutr. 2012 May; 15(5):928-37.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Kawai K, Villamor E, Mugusi FM, Saathoff E, Urassa W, Bosch RJ, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Predictors of change in nutritional and hemoglobin status among adults treated for tuberculosis in Tanzania. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Oct; 15(10):1380-9.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Austin AM, Fawzi W, Hill AG. Anaemia among Egyptian Children between 2000 and 2005: trends and predictors. Matern Child Nutr. 2012 Oct; 8(4):522-32.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Mehta S, Mugusi FM, Spiegelman D, Villamor E, Finkelstein JL, Hertzmark E, Giovannucci EL, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D status and its association with morbidity including wasting and opportunistic illnesses in HIV-infected women in Tanzania. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2011 Oct; 25(10):579-85.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Njelekela MA, Liu E, Mpembeni R, Muhihi A, Mligiliche N, Spiegelman D, Finkelstein JL, Fawzi WW, Willett WC, Mtabaji J. Socio-economic status, urbanization, and cardiometabolic risk factors among middle-aged adults in Tanzania. East Afr J Public Health. 2011 Sep; 8(3):216-23.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Thorne-Lyman A, Fawzi WW. Improving child survival through vitamin A supplementation. BMJ. 2011; 343:d5294.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Murray CJ, Lopez AD, Black R, Ahuja R, Ali SM, Baqui A, Dandona L, Dantzer E, Das V, Dhingra U, Dutta A, Fawzi W, Flaxman AD, Gómez S, Hernández B, Joshi R, Kalter H, Kumar A, Kumar V, Lozano R, Lucero M, Mehta S, Neal B, Ohno SL, Prasad R, Praveen D, Premji Z, Ramírez-Villalobos D, Remolador H, Riley I, Romero M, Said M, Sanvictores D, Sazawal S, Tallo V. Population Health Metrics Research Consortium gold standard verbal autopsy validation study: design, implementation, and development of analysis datasets. Popul Health Metr. 2011; 9:27.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Liu E, Spiegelman D, Semu H, Hawkins C, Chalamilla G, Aveika A, Nyamsangia S, Mehta S, Mtasiwa D, Fawzi W. Nutritional status and mortality among HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Tanzania. J Infect Dis. 2011 Jul 15; 204(2):282-90.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Moon S, Gurkan UA, Blander J, Fawzi WW, Aboud S, Mugusi F, Kuritzkes DR, Demirci U. Enumeration of CD4+ T-cells using a portable microchip count platform in Tanzanian HIV-infected patients. PLoS One. 2011; 6(7):e21409.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Saathoff E, Villamor E, Mugusi F, Bosch RJ, Urassa W, Fawzi WW. Anemia in adults with tuberculosis is associated with HIV and anthropometric status in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jul; 15(7):925-32.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Chalamilla G, Hawkins C, Okuma J, Spiegelman D, Aveika A, Christian B, Koda H, Kaaya S, Mtasiwa D, Fawzi W. Mortality and Treatment Failure among HIV-Infected Adults in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2012 Sep-Oct; 11(5):296-304.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Armstrong C, Liu E, Okuma J, Spiegelman D, Guerino C, Njelekela M, Grinspoon S, Fawzi W, Hawkins C. Dyslipidemia in an HIV-positive antiretroviral treatment-naive population in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Jun 1; 57(2):141-5.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Hawkins C, Chalamilla G, Okuma J, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Aris E, Ewald T, Mugusi F, Mtasiwa D, Fawzi W. Sex differences in antiretroviral treatment outcomes among HIV-infected adults in an urban Tanzanian setting. AIDS. 2011 Jun 1; 25(9):1189-97.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Dalal S, Beunza JJ, Volmink J, Adebamowo C, Bajunirwe F, Njelekela M, Mozaffarian D, Fawzi W, Willett W, Adami HO, Holmes MD. Non-communicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa: what we know now. Int J Epidemiol. 2011 Aug; 40(4):885-901.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Kawai K, Spiegelman D, Shankar AH, Fawzi WW. Maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation and pregnancy outcomes in developing countries: meta-analysis and meta-regression. Bull World Health Organ. 2011 Jun 1; 89(6):402-411B.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Siril H, Hirschhorn LR, Hawkins C, Garcia ME, Li MS, Ismail S, Mdingi SG, Chalamilla G, Fawzi W, Kaaya S. Stress, motivation and professional satisfaction among health care workers in HIV/AIDS care and treatment centers in urban Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. East Afr J Public Health. 2011 Mar; 8(1):17-24.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Mwiru RS, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Peterson K, Liu E, Msamanga G, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Relationship of exclusive breast-feeding to infections and growth of Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected women. Public Health Nutr. 2011 Jul; 14(7):1251-8.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Stone CA, Kawai K, Kupka R, Fawzi WW. Role of selenium in HIV infection. Nutr Rev. 2010 Nov; 68(11):671-81.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Villamor E, Koulinska IN, Aboud S, Murrin C, Bosch RJ, Manji KP, Fawzi WW. Effect of vitamin supplements on HIV shedding in breast milk. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Oct; 92(4):881-6.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Arsenault JE, Aboud S, Manji KP, Fawzi WW, Villamor E. Vitamin supplementation increases risk of subclinical mastitis in HIV-infected women. J Nutr. 2010 Oct; 140(10):1788-92.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Arsenault JE, Webb AL, Koulinska IN, Aboud S, Fawzi WW, Villamor E. Association between breast milk erythropoietin and reduced risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. J Infect Dis. 2010 Aug 15; 202(3):370-3.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Mehta S, Fawzi WW. Micronutrient Supplementation as Adjunct Treatment for HIV-Infected Patients. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Jun 15; 50(12):1661-3.
    View in: PubMed
  75. Mehta S, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Giovannucci EL, Msamanga GI, Hertzmark E, Mugusi FM, Hunter DJ, Fawzi WW. Lipid-soluble vitamins A, D, and E in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Aug; 64(8):808-17.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Mgomella GS, Venkatesh PA, Bosch RJ, Mwakagile D, Urassa W, McIntosh K, Hertzmark E, Msamanga G, Fawzi WW. The use of total lymphocyte count as a surrogate for low CD4+ T lymphocyte cell counts among HIV-1-infected women in Tanzania. East Afr J Public Health. 2010 Jun; 7(2):160-4.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Holmes MD, Dalal S, Volmink J, Adebamowo CA, Njelekela M, Fawzi WW, Willett WC, Adami HO. Non-communicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for cohort studies. PLoS Med. 2010 May; 7(5):e1000244.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Franke MF, Spiegelman D, Ezeamama A, Aboud S, Msamanga GI, Mehta S, Fawzi WW. Malaria parasitemia and CD4 T cell count, viral load, and adverse HIV outcomes among HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Apr; 82(4):556-62.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Shankar AH, Fawzi WW. Moving toward hematological predictors of disease severity in malaria: going with the flow. Am J Hematol. 2010 Apr; 85(4):225-6.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Kawai K, Msamanga G, Manji K, Villamor E, Bosch RJ, Hertzmark E, Fawzi WW. Sex differences in the effects of maternal vitamin supplements on mortality and morbidity among children born to HIV-infected women in Tanzania. Br J Nutr. 2010 Jun; 103(12):1784-91.
    View in: PubMed
  81. Petraro P, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Peterson KE, Spiegelman D, Fawzi W. Predictors of breastfeeding cessation among HIV-infected women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Matern Child Nutr. 2011 Jul; 7(3):273-83.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Mehta S, Giovannucci E, Mugusi FM, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Hertzmark E, Msamanga GI, Hunter D, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D status of HIV-infected women and its association with HIV disease progression, anemia, and mortality. PLoS One. 2010; 5(1):e8770.
    View in: PubMed
  83. Kilewo C, Natchu UC, Young A, Donnell D, Brown E, Read JS, Sharma U, Chi BH, Goldenberg R, Hoffman I, Taha TE, Fawzi WW. Hypertension in pregnancy among HIV-infected women in sub-Saharan Africa: prevalence and infant outcomes. Afr J Reprod Health. 2009 Dec; 13(4):25-36.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Sztam KA, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Macronutrient supplementation and food prices in HIV treatment. J Nutr. 2010 Jan; 140(1):213S-23S.
    View in: PubMed
  85. Kawai K, Kupka R, Mugusi F, Aboud S, Okuma J, Villamor E, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. A randomized trial to determine the optimal dosage of multivitamin supplements to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes among HIV-infected women in Tanzania. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Feb; 91(2):391-7.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Mugusi FM, Mehta S, Villamor E, Urassa W, Saathoff E, Bosch RJ, Fawzi WW. Factors associated with mortality in HIV-infected and uninfected patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. BMC Public Health. 2009; 9:409.
    View in: PubMed
  87. Mehta S, Hunter DJ, Mugusi FM, Spiegelman D, Manji KP, Giovannucci EL, Hertzmark E, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Perinatal outcomes, including mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and child mortality and their association with maternal vitamin D status in Tanzania. J Infect Dis. 2009 Oct 1; 200(7):1022-30.
    View in: PubMed
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  188. Fawzi W, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Renjifo B, Bang H, Kapiga S, Coley J, Hertzmark E, Essex M, Hunter D. Transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding among women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Nov 1; 31(3):331-8.
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  189. Villamor E, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Antelman G, Peterson KE, Hunter DJ, Fawzi WW. Effect of multivitamin and vitamin A supplements on weight gain during pregnancy among HIV-1-infected women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Nov; 76(5):1082-90.
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  190. Fawzi WW, Msamanga GI, Hunter D, Renjifo B, Antelman G, Bang H, Manji K, Kapiga S, Mwakagile D, Essex M, Spiegelman D. Randomized trial of vitamin supplements in relation to transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding and early child mortality. AIDS. 2002 Sep 27; 16(14):1935-44.
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  191. Kaaya SF, Fawzi MC, Mbwambo JK, Lee B, Msamanga GI, Fawzi W. Validity of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 amongst HIV-positive pregnant women in Tanzania. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2002 Jul; 106(1):9-19.
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  192. Kapiga SH, Bang H, Spiegelman D, Msamanga GI, Coley J, Hunter DJ, Fawzi WW. Correlates of plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load among HIV-1-seropositive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Jul 1; 30(3):316-23.
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  193. Dreyfuss ML, Fawzi WW. Micronutrients and vertical transmission of HIV-1. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jun; 75(6):959-70.
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  194. Villamor E, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Coley J, Hunter DJ, Peterson KE, Fawzi WW. HIV status and sociodemographic correlates of maternal body size and wasting during pregnancy. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 May; 56(5):415-24.
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  195. Kapiga SH, Sam NE, Shao JF, Renjifo B, Masenga EJ, Kiwelu IE, Manongi R, Fawzi W, Essex M. HIV-1 epidemic among female bar and hotel workers in northern Tanzania: risk factors and opportunities for prevention. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Apr 1; 29(4):409-17.
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  196. Kupka R, Fawzi W. Zinc nutrition and HIV infection. Nutr Rev. 2002 Mar; 60(3):69-79.
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  197. Villamor E, Mbise R, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Fataki M, Peterson KE, Ndossi G, Fawzi WW. Vitamin A supplements ameliorate the adverse effect of HIV-1, malaria, and diarrheal infections on child growth. Pediatrics. 2002 Jan; 109(1):E6.
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  198. Urassa WK, Kapiga SH, Msamanga GI, Antelman G, Coley J, Fawzi WW. Risk factors for syphilis among HIV-1 infected pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Afr J Reprod Health. 2001 Dec; 5(3):54-62.
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  199. Dreyfuss ML, Msamanga GI, Spiegelman D, Hunter DJ, Urassa EJ, Hertzmark E, Fawzi WW. Determinants of low birth weight among HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Dec; 74(6):814-26.
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  200. Duggan C, Fawzi W. Micronutrients and child health: studies in international nutrition and HIV infection. Nutr Rev. 2001 Nov; 59(11):358-69.
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  201. Coley JL, Msamanga GI, Fawzi MC, Kaaya S, Hertzmark E, Kapiga S, Spiegelman D, Hunter D, Fawzi WW. The association between maternal HIV-1 infection and pregnancy outcomes in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BJOG. 2001 Nov; 108(11):1125-33.
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  202. Antelman G, Smith Fawzi MC, Kaaya S, Mbwambo J, Msamanga GI, Hunter DJ, Fawzi WW. Predictors of HIV-1 serostatus disclosure: a prospective study among HIV-infected pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. AIDS. 2001 Sep 28; 15(14):1865-74.
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  203. Blackard JT, Renjifo B, Fawzi W, Hertzmark E, Msamanga G, Mwakagile D, Hunter D, Spiegelman D, Sharghi N, Kagoma C, Essex M. HIV-1 LTR subtype and perinatal transmission. Virology. 2001 Sep 1; 287(2):261-5.
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  204. Fawzi W, Msamanga G, Renjifo B, Spiegelman D, Urassa E, Hashemi L, Antelman G, Essex M, Hunter D. Predictors of intrauterine and intrapartum transmission of HIV-1 among Tanzanian women. AIDS. 2001 Jun 15; 15(9):1157-65.
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  205. Koulinska IN, Ndung'u T, Mwakagile D, Msamanga G, Kagoma C, Fawzi W, Essex M, Renjifo B. A new human immunodeficiency virus type 1 circulating recombinant form from Tanzania. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2001 Mar 20; 17(5):423-31.
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  206. Renjifo B, Fawzi W, Mwakagile D, Hunter D, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Garland M, Kagoma C, Kim A, Chaplin B, Hertzmark E, Essex M. Differences in perinatal transmission among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 genotypes. J Hum Virol. 2001 Jan-Feb; 4(1):16-25.
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  207. Baik I, Curhan GC, Rimm EB, Bendich A, Willett WC, Fawzi WW. A prospective study of age and lifestyle factors in relation to community-acquired pneumonia in US men and women. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Nov 13; 160(20):3082-8.
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  208. Fawzi WW, Mbise R, Spiegelman D, Fataki M, Hertzmark E, Ndossi G. Vitamin A supplements and diarrheal and respiratory tract infections among children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Pediatr. 2000 Nov; 137(5):660-7.
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  209. Fawzi W. Nutritional factors and vertical transmission of HIV-1. Epidemiology and potential mechanisms. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000 Nov; 918:99-114.
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  210. Sedgh G, Herrera MG, Nestel P, el Amin A, Fawzi WW. Dietary vitamin A intake and nondietary factors are associated with reversal of stunting in children. J Nutr. 2000 Oct; 130(10):2520-6.
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  211. Fawzi W, Herrera MG, Nestel P. Tomato intake in relation to mortality and morbidity among Sudanese children. J Nutr. 2000 Oct; 130(10):2537-42.
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  212. Kossmann J, Nestel P, Herrera MG, El-Amin A, Fawzi WW. Undernutrition and childhood infections: a prospective study of childhood infections in relation to growth in the Sudan. Acta Paediatr. 2000 Sep; 89(9):1122-8.
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  213. Villamor E, Fawzi WW. Vitamin A supplementation: implications for morbidity and mortality in children. J Infect Dis. 2000 Sep; 182 Suppl 1:S122-33.
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  214. Blackard JT, Renjifo B, Chaplin B, Msamanga G, Fawzi W, Essex M. Diversity of the HIV-1 long terminal repeat following mother-to-child transmission. Virology. 2000 Sep 1; 274(2):402-11.
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  215. Antelman G, Msamanga GI, Spiegelman D, Urassa EJ, Narh R, Hunter DJ, Fawzi WW. Nutritional factors and infectious disease contribute to anemia among pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus in Tanzania. J Nutr. 2000 Aug; 130(8):1950-7.
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  216. Kossmann J, Nestel P, Herrera MG, El Amin A, Fawzi WW. Undernutrition in relation to childhood infections: a prospective study in the Sudan. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2000 Jun; 54(6):463-72.
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  217. Villamor E, Mbise R, Spiegelman D, Ndossi G, Fawzi WW. Vitamin A supplementation and other predictors of anemia among children from Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2000 May; 62(5):590-7.
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  218. Kapiga SH, Mwakagile D, Spiegelman D, Msamanga GI, Hunter D, Fawzi WW. Predictors of CD4+ lymphocyte count among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 2000 Apr; 77(4):206-11.
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  219. Fawzi WW, Msamanga G, Hunter D, Urassa E, Renjifo B, Mwakagile D, Hertzmark E, Coley J, Garland M, Kapiga S, Antelman G, Essex M, Spiegelman D. Randomized trial of vitamin supplements in relation to vertical transmission of HIV-1 in Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Mar 1; 23(3):246-54.
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  220. Kapiga SH, Msamanga GI, Spiegelman D, Mwakyoma H, Fawzi WW, Hunter DJ. Risk factors for cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions among HIV-1 seropositive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1999 Nov; 67(2):87-94.
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  221. Renjifo B, Gilbert P, Chaplin B, Vannberg F, Mwakagile D, Msamanga G, Hunter D, Fawzi W, Essex M. Emerging recombinant human immunodeficiency viruses: uneven representation of the envelope V3 region. AIDS. 1999 Sep 10; 13(13):1613-21.
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  222. Blackard JT, Renjifo BR, Mwakagile D, Montano MA, Fawzi WW, Essex M. Transmission of human immunodeficiency type 1 viruses with intersubtype recombinant long terminal repeat sequences. Virology. 1999 Feb 15; 254(2):220-5.
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  223. Fawzi WW, Msamanga GI, Spiegelman D, Urassa EJ, Hunter DJ. Rationale and design of the Tanzania Vitamin and HIV Infection Trial. Control Clin Trials. 1999 Feb; 20(1):75-90.
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  224. Fawzi WW, Mbise RL, Hertzmark E, Fataki MR, Herrera MG, Ndossi G, Spiegelman D. A randomized trial of vitamin A supplements in relation to mortality among human immunodeficiency virus-infected and uninfected children in Tanzania. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999 Feb; 18(2):127-33.
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  225. Fawzi WW, Hunter DJ. Vitamins in HIV disease progression and vertical transmission. Epidemiology. 1998 Jul; 9(4):457-66.
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  226. Fawzi WW, Mbise RL, Fataki MR, Herrera MG, Kawau F, Hertzmark E, Spiegelman D, Ndossi G. Vitamin A supplementation and severity of pneumonia in children admitted to the hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Jul; 68(1):187-92.
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  227. Fawzi WW, Msamanga GI, Spiegelman D, Urassa EJ, McGrath N, Mwakagile D, Antelman G, Mbise R, Herrera G, Kapiga S, Willett W, Hunter DJ. Randomised trial of effects of vitamin supplements on pregnancy outcomes and T cell counts in HIV-1-infected women in Tanzania. Lancet. 1998 May 16; 351(9114):1477-82.
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  228. Renjifo B, Chaplin B, Mwakagile D, Shah P, Vannberg F, Msamanga G, Hunter D, Fawzi W, Essex M. Epidemic expansion of HIV type 1 subtype C and recombinant genotypes in Tanzania. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1998 May 1; 14(7):635-8.
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  229. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Nestel P, el Amin A, Mohamed KA. A longitudinal study of prolonged breastfeeding in relation to child undernutrition. Int J Epidemiol. 1998 Apr; 27(2):255-60.
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  230. Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. The double burden of HIV infection and tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa. N Engl J Med. 1997 Sep 18; 337(12):849-51.
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  231. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Willett WC, Nestel P, el Amin A, Mohamed KA. The effect of vitamin A supplementation on the growth of preschool children in the Sudan. Am J Public Health. 1997 Aug; 87(8):1359-62.
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  232. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Willett WC, Nestel P, el Amin A, Mohamed KA. Dietary vitamin A intake in relation to child growth. Epidemiology. 1997 Jul; 8(4):402-7.
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  233. Fawzi WW, Forman MR, Levy A, Graubard BI, Naggan L, Berendes HW. Maternal anthropometry and infant feeding practices in Israel in relation to growth in infancy: the North African Infant Feeding Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Jun; 65(6):1731-7.
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  234. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Spiegelman DL, el Amin A, Nestel P, Mohamed KA. A prospective study of malnutrition in relation to child mortality in the Sudan. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Apr; 65(4):1062-9.
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  235. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Nestel P, el Amin A, Mohammed KA. Risk factors of low dietary vitamin A intake among children in the Sudan. East Afr Med J. 1997 Apr; 74(4):227-32.
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  236. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Willett WC, Nestel P, el Amin A, Mohamed KA. Dietary vitamin A intake and the incidence of diarrhea and respiratory infection among Sudanese children. J Nutr. 1995 May; 125(5):1211-21.
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  237. AlDoori W, Armijo-Hussein N, Fawzi WW, Herrera MG. Child nutrition and armed conflicts in Iraq. J Trop Pediatr. 1994 Feb; 40(1):32-6.
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  238. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Willett WC, Nestel P, el Amin A, Lipsitz S, Mohamed KA. Dietary vitamin A intake and the risk of mortality among children. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Feb; 59(2):401-8.
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  239. Nestel P, Herrera MG, el Amin A, Fawzi W, Mohammed KA, Weld L. Risk factors associated with xerophthalmia in northern Sudan. J Nutr. 1993 Dec; 123(12):2115-21.
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  240. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Willett WC, el Amin A, Nestel P, Lipsitz S, Spiegelman D, Mohamed KA. Vitamin A supplementation and dietary vitamin A in relation to the risk of xerophthalmia. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Sep; 58(3):385-91.
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  241. Fawzi WW, Chalmers TC, Herrera MG, Mosteller F. Vitamin A supplementation and child mortality. A meta-analysis. JAMA. 1993 Feb 17; 269(7):898-903.
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  242. Herrera MG, Nestel P, el Amin A, Fawzi WW, Mohamed KA, Weld L. Vitamin A supplementation and child survival. Lancet. 1992 Aug 1; 340(8814):267-71.
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  243. Fawzi WW, Herrera MG, Nestel P. Vitamin A supplementation in malnourished Sudanese children. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1992; 62(4):344.
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