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Last Name
Institution

Jennifer Leaning, M.D.

TitleFrancois-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights
InstitutionHarvard School of Public Health
DepartmentFrancois Xavier Bagnoud
AddressHarvard School of Public Health
Bagnoud Bldg
651 Huntington Ave
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/432-0656
Other Positions
TitleAssociate Professor of Medicine
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentMedicine
DivisionEmergency Medicine

TitleDirector of the Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights
InstitutionHarvard School of Public Health
DepartmentFrancois Xavier Bagnoud


 Mentoring 
 completed student projects
Enduring health impacts of the siege of Sarajevo
International, 06/15/04 - 08/15/04
Evaluation of the VCT program, HBC program, and sentinel surveillance survey at Kala and Mwange camps, Northern Province, Zambia
International/Summer, 06/23/03 - 08/31/03

 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Leaning J, Guha-Sapir D. Natural disasters, armed conflict, and public health. N Engl J Med. 2013 Nov 7; 369(19):1836-42.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Dougherty SM, Leaning J, Greenough PG, Burkle FM. Hunger strikers: ethical and legal dimensions of medical complicity in torture at guantanamo bay. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2013 Dec; 28(6):616-24.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Yamin AE, Boulanger VM, Falb KL, Shuma J, Leaning J. Costs of inaction on maternal mortality: qualitative evidence of the impacts of maternal deaths on living children in Tanzania. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e71674.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Bartels SA, Scott JA, Leaning J, Kelly JT, Joyce NR, Mukwege D, Vanrooyen MJ. Demographics and care-seeking behaviors of sexual violence survivors in South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012 Dec; 6(4):393-401.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Bartels S, Kelly J, Scott J, Leaning J, Mukwege D, Joyce N, Vanrooyen M. Militarized sexual violence in South kivu, democratic republic of congo. J Interpers Violence. 2013 Jan; 28(2):340-58.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Tsai AC, Eisa MA, Crosby SS, Sirkin S, Heisler M, Leaning J, Iacopino V. Medical evidence of human rights violations against non-Arabic-speaking civilians in Darfur: a cross-sectional study. PLoS Med. 2012; 9(4):e1001198.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Betancourt TS, Salhi C, Buka S, Leaning J, Dunn G, Earls F. Connectedness, social support and internalising emotional and behavioural problems in adolescents displaced by the Chechen conflict. Disasters. 2012 Oct; 36(4):635-55.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Bartels SA, Scott JA, Leaning J, Kelly JT, Mukwege D, Joyce NR, Vanrooyen MJ. Sexual Violence Trends between 2004 and 2008 in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011 Nov-Dec; 26(6):408-13.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Leaning J, Lappi M. Fighting a war, sparing civilians. Lancet. 2011 Sep 3; 378(9794):857-9.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Leaning J, Spiegel P, Crisp J. Public health equity in refugee situations. Confl Health. 2011; 5:6.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Leaning J. Key concepts in a rights-based approach to health. From the publisher. Health Hum Rights. 2010; 12(1):1-2.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Bartels SA, Scott JA, Mukwege D, Lipton RI, Vanrooyen MJ, Leaning J. Patterns of sexual violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: reports from survivors presenting to Panzi Hospital in 2006. Confl Health. 2010; 4:9.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Loane G, Leaning J, Schomig S, van Tulleken A, O'Laughlin K. Civilian protection and humanitarian assistance-report of the 2009 Civilian Protection Working Group. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2009 Jul-Aug; 24 Suppl 2:s197-201.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Chalmers I, Leaning J, Shannon HS, Zurayk H. Lancet Steering Group on the occupied Palestinian territory. Lancet. 2009 Mar 7; 373(9666):788-90.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Hill K, Seltzer W, Selzer W, Leaning J, Malik SJ, Russell SS. The demographic impact of Partition in the Punjab in 1947. Popul Stud (Camb). 2008 Jul; 62(2):155-70.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Leaning J. Disasters and humanitarian crises: a joint future for responders? Prehosp Disaster Med. 2008 Jul-Aug; 23(4):291-4.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Leaning J. The dilemma of neutrality. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2007 Sep-Oct; 22(5):418-21.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Leaning J. Report of the Radcliffe Institute Expert Working Seminar Series on Post-Colonial Wars. 2007.
  19. Leaning J. ”The Crime of Genocide: The Case of Darfur.”. Pizer H, Beyer C, eds., Public Health and Human Rights: Evidence-Based Approaches. 2007.
  20. Leaning J. “Rape in Darfur: Estimates and Patterns 2003-2005.” Unpublished report to the International Criminal Court. 2007.
  21. Leaning J, Greenough P G, VanRooyen M. Report to the UN Office of the Special Envoy for Tsunami Recovery. Unpublished report on evaluation methods that contributed to the final report issued by the Special Envoy. 2006.
  22. Hill K, Seltzer W, Leaning J, Malik SJ, Russell SS. The Demographic Impact of Partition: The Punjab in 1947. Weatherhead Center Working Paper. 2006.
  23. Greenough, G, Bartels S, Cavey A, Chan J, Cranmer H, Kendrick D, Lappi M, Leaning J, Robinson C, Singh M, VanRooyen M, Vu A. American Red Cross & Public Health: The Response to Hurricane Katrina and Beyond. Report to ARC Disaster Health Services. 2006; Mar. Operation DR # 865. 2006.
  24. VanRooyen M, Leaning J. After the tsunami--facing the public health challenges. N Engl J Med. 2005 Feb 3; 352(5):435-8.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Walker P, Wisner B, Leaning J, Minear L. Smoke and mirrors: deficiencies in disaster funding. BMJ. 2005 Jan 29; 330(7485):247-50.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Orfaly RA, Biddinger PD, Burstein JL, Leaning J. Integration of academia and practice in preparedness training: the Harvard School of Public Health experience. Public Health Rep. 2005; 120 Suppl 1:48-51.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Leaning J, VanRooyen M. An assessment of mortality studies in Darfur, 2004-2005. Humanitarian Exchange. 2005; 30:23-6..
  28. Heffernan J, Leaning J, VanRooyen M, et al. . Assault on survival in Darfur: A call for security, justice, and restitution. 2005.
  29. Leaning J. Genocide in Darfur. Apfel J and Fein H, eds. Casebook on Genocide. 2005.
  30. Lautze S, Leaning J, Raven-Roberts A, Kent R, Mazurana D. Assistance, protection, and governance networks in complex emergencies. Lancet. 2004 Dec 11-17; 364(9451):2134-41.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Leaning J. Diagnosing genocide--the case of Darfur. N Engl J Med. 2004 Aug 19; 351(8):735-8.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Young H, Taylor A, Way SA, Leaning J. Linking rights and standards: the process of developing "rights-based" minimum standards on food security, nutrition and food aid. Disasters. 2004 Jun; 28(2):142-59.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Physicians for Human Rights calls for intervention to save lives in Sudan: Field team compiles indicators of genocide. 2004.
  34. Leaning J., Arie S, Stites E. . Human Security in Crisis and Transition. Praxis: The Fletcher Journal of International Development. 2004; 19:5-30.
  35. Gingerich T, Leaning J. The Use of Rape as a Weapon of War in the Conflict in Darfur, Sudan. 2004.
  36. Stabinski L, Pelley K, Jacob ST, Long JM, Leaning J. Reframing HIV and AIDS. BMJ. 2003 Nov 8; 327(7423):1101-3.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Leaning J. Public Health, War and Terrorism. Harvard Health Policy Review. 2003; 4(1):51-55.
  38. Leaning J. . Human Rights and Conflict. Health and Human Rights. 2003; 6(2):151-60.
  39. Lautze S, Aklilu Y, Raven-Roberts A, Young H, Kebede G Leaning J. Risk and vulnerability in Ethiopia: Learning from the past, responding to the present, preparing for the future. A report for United States Agency for International Development. 2003.
  40. Viverette MA, Leaning J, Steeg SK, Gebbie KM, Litchveld M. Who will keep the public healthy? Assuring a legally prepared workforce. J Law Med Ethics. 2003; 31(4 Suppl):81-3.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Leaning J. Was the Afghan conflict a just war? BMJ. 2002 Feb 9; 324(7333):353-5.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Leaning J. Letter from Afghanistan. BMJ. 2002 Feb 9; 324(7333):360.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Leaning J. Physicians and war (web supplement). 2002.
  44. Leaning J. Health and human rights. The BMA's latest handbook on human rights challenges us all. BMJ. 2001 Jun 16; 322(7300):1435-6.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Leaning J. Ethics of research in refugee populations. Lancet. 2001 May 5; 357(9266):1432-3.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Leaning J. Kosovo Case Study. Crimes of War. 2001.
  47. Holleufer G, Briton N, Leaning J. Report on People in War. Overview and country reports prepared for the International Committee of the Red Cross. 2001.
  48. Leaning J, Arie S. Human security: A framework for analysis in settings of crisis and transition. Working Paper Series 11/8. 2001.
  49. Leaning J. Environment and health: 5. Impact of war. CMAJ. 2000 Oct 31; 163(9):1157-61.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Leaning J. Report to MSF Holland. Recommendations for Incorporating Attention to Human Rights in MSF Rapid Health Assessment Manual. François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health. 2000.
  51. Leaning J. Medicine and international humanitarian law. Law provides norms that must guide doctors in war and peace. BMJ. 1999 Aug 14; 319(7207):393-4.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Bruderlein C, Leaning J. New challenges for humanitarian protection. BMJ. 1999 Aug 14; 319(7207):430-5.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Leaning J, Vollen L, Palmer C. Physicians for Human Rights documents systematic abuse against ethnic Albanian physicians and patients. Lancet. 1999 Mar 13; 353(9156):921-2.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Iacopino V, Frank MW, Keller AS, Fink SL, Pallin DJ, Waldman R, Ford D, Burkhalter H, Ayotte B, Cohen A, Barron RA, Leaning J, Keough ME. War crimes in Kosovo: A population-based assessment of human rights violations against Kosovar Albanians. 1999.
  55. Leaning J, Briggs S, Chen LC, eds. . Humanitarian crises: The medical and public health response. 1999.
  56. Leaning J. Human rights and medical education. BMJ. 1997 Nov 29; 315(7120):1390-1.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Wiebers DO, Elzanowski A, Gikas PW, Leaning J, White RD. Monkey business in space. Nature. 1997 Oct 9; 389(6651):537.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Leaning J, Sollom R. State of human rights discourse in Russia. 1997.
  59. Leaning J, Sollom R, Austin K. Human rights abuses in the Great Lakes region. Boston. 1997.
  60. Leaning J. War crimes and medical science. BMJ. 1996 Dec 7; 313(7070):1413-5.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Wiebers DO, Barron RA, Leaning J, Ascione FR. Ethics and animal issues in US medical education. Med Educ. 1994 Nov; 28(6):517-23.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Wiebers DO, Leaning J, White RD. Animal protection and medical science. Lancet. 1994 Apr 9; 343(8902):902-4.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Leaning J. . Questions coming late in the day. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. Special Issue: Human health and the environment. 1994; 14:321-26.
  64. Smith R, Leaning J. Medicine and global survival. BMJ. 1993 Sep 18; 307(6906):693-4.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Barron RA, Leaning J, Rumack BH. The catastrophe reaction syndrome: trauma in Tbilisi. Int J Law Psychiatry. 1993 Summer-Fall; 16(3-4):403-26.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Leaning J. German doctors and their secrets. NY Times (Print). 1993 Feb 6; 21.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medical Services; Durch JS, Lohr KN, eds. (As a committee member, I contributed particularly to chapters 3, 6, and 7). Emergency medical services for children. Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC. 1993.
  68. Pierce C, Geiger HJ, Leaning J, Kirschner R, Hiltermann J. . Human rights on hold: A report on emergency measures and access to health care in the Occupied Territories 1990-1992. 1993.
  69. Siu AL, McGlynn EA, Morgenstern H, Beers MH, Carlisle DM, Keeler EB, Beloff J, Curtin K, Leaning J, Perry BC, et al. Choosing quality of care measures based on the expected impact of improved care on health. Health Serv Res. 1992 Dec; 27(5):619-50.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Wasson J, Hays R, Rubenstein L, Nelson E, Leaning J, Johnson D, Keller A, Landgraf J, Rosenkrans C. The short-term effect of patient health status assessment in a health maintenance organization. Qual Life Res. 1992 Apr; 1(2):99-106.
    View in: PubMed
  71. deWaal A, Leaning J. . No mercy in Mogadishu: The human cost of the conflict and the struggle for relief. 1992.
  72. Siu AL, McGlynn EA, Beers MA, Morgenstern H, Carlisle DM, Keeler EB, Brook RH, Beloff J, Curtin K, Leaning J, Perry BC, Seller HP, Weiswasser W, Wiesenthal A. . Choosing quality-of-care measures based on the expected impact of improved quality of care for the major causes of mortality and morbidity. RAND Corporation joint report series. 1992.
  73. Wilkinson JM, Sansby S, Leaning J. After-hours telephone triage. Recruitment, training and retention of personnel. HMO Pract. 1991 May-Jun; 5(3):90-4.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Leaning J, Wilkinson J, Sansby S. Clinical triage at Harvard Community Health Plan. HMO Pract. 1991 May-Jun; 5(3):84-9.
    View in: PubMed
  75. Leaning J, Lewis D. The future of FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). JEMS. 1991 Mar; 16(3):11-5.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Leaning J, Barron RA, Rumack BH. . Bloody Sunday: Trauma in Tbilisi. The events of April 9, 1989 and their aftermath. 1990.
  77. Cassel CK, Leaning J. Chernobyl: learning from experience. N Engl J Med. 1989 Jul 27; 321(4):254-5.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Leaning J. Physicians, triage, and nuclear war. Lancet. 1988 Jul 30; 2(8605):269-70.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Daley WE, Leaning J, Braen GR. Prehospital emergency services and health maintenance organizations: an HMO perspective. J Emerg Med. 1988 Jul-Aug; 6(4):333-8.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Geiger HJ, Leaning J, Shapiro L, Simon B. . Casualties of conflict: Report on the medical fact-finding mission to the West Bank and Gaza. 1988.
  81. McCally M, Forrow L, Leaning J. Medicine and nuclear war: a model curriculum. 1988.
  82. Daley W, Leaning J, Braen R. . HMO telephone triage and emergency medicine. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 1988; 6:333-38.
  83. Geiger HJ, Leaning J. Nuclear winter and the longer-term consequences of nuclear war. Prev Med. 1987 May; 16(3):308-18.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Leaning J. . Health consequences of radiation exposure and issues of emergency evacuation. Report for the Attorney General. 1987.
  85. Leaning J, Leaf A. Public health aspects of nuclear war. Annu Rev Public Health. 1986; 7:411-39.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Daley W, Leaning J, et al. . Emergency telephone triage manual. Harvard Community Health Plan Emergency Service. 1986.
  87. Link JL. . Emergency response to nuclear accident/attack. Journal of the World Association of Emergency and Disaster Medicine. 1985; 1:385-95.
  88. Leaning J, Keyes L, eds. . The counterfeit ark: Crisis relocation for nuclear war. 1984.
  89. Link JL. Report of site visit to Salem Hospital Emergency Service. Submitted to Salem Hospital Board of Directors. 1978.
  90. Link JL. Emergency management of asthma [videocassette]. 1978.
  91. Leaning J. Post-exposure treatment for rabies. Nurs Times. 1977 Mar 17; 73(11):377-8.
    View in: PubMed
  92. Link JL, et al. . The Mid﷓South Health Plan. Report to the Board of Directors of the Mid-Southside Health Planning Organization and to the Office of Economic Opportunity. 1971.
  93. Link JL. Evaluation of pre-test population questionnaire administered in rural Taiwan. U.S. Agency for International Development. 1969.
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