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Catherine Racowsky, Ph.D.

TitleProfessor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentObstetrics Gynecology & Repro. Bio.
AddressBrigham and Women's Hospital
Ob/Gyn, ASB 1-3, Rm 082
75 Francis St
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/732-5570
Fax617/975-0825

 Mentoring 
 completed student projects
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and Assessment of Oocyte Cytoplasmic Immaturity
Summer, 07/01/05 - 08/19/05
Viability and Developmental Potential of Human Freeze-thawed Oocytes
Part Time, 09/01/98 - 06/01/99

 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Avraham S, Machtinger R, Cahan T, Sokolov A, Racowsky C, Seidman DS. What is the quality of information on social oocyte cryopreservation provided by websites of Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology member fertility clinics? Fertil Steril. 2014 Jan; 101(1):222-6.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Machtinger R, Combelles CM, Missmer SA, Correia KF, Williams P, Hauser R, Racowsky C. Bisphenol-A and human oocyte maturation in vitro. Hum Reprod. 2013 Oct; 28(10):2735-45.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Kaser DJ, Missmer SA, Correia KF, Ceyhan ST, Hornstein MD, Racowsky C. Predictors of twin live birth following cryopreserved double embryo transfer on day 3. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2013 Aug; 30(8):1023-30.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Bormann CL, Racowsky C. Is universal application of blastocyst biopsy with comprehensive chromosome screening for embryo selection ready for prime time? Fertil Steril. 2013 Aug; 100(2):e5-6.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Shah DK, Missmer SA, Correia KF, Racowsky C, Ginsburg E. Efficacy of intrauterine inseminations as a training modality for performing embryo transfer in reproductive endocrinology and infertility fellowship programs. Fertil Steril. 2013 Aug; 100(2):386-91.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Machtinger R, Racowsky C. Morphological systems of human embryo assessment and clinical evidence. Reprod Biomed Online. 2013 Mar; 26(3):210-21.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Gianaroli L, Racowsky C, Geraedts J, Cedars M, Makrigiannakis A, Lobo RA. Best practices of ASRM and ESHRE: a journey through reproductive medicine. Fertil Steril. 2012 Dec; 98(6):1380-94.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Gianaroli L, Racowsky C, Geraedts J, Cedars M, Makrigiannakis A, Lobo R. Best practices of ASRM and ESHRE: a journey through reproductive medicine. Hum Reprod. 2012 Dec; 27(12):3365-79.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Mahalingaiah S, Hauser R, Patterson DG, Woudneh M, Racowsky C. Bisphenol A is not detectable in media or selected contact materials used in IVF. Reprod Biomed Online. 2012 Dec; 25(6):608-11.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Machtinger R, Combelles CM, Missmer SA, Correia KF, Fox JH, Racowsky C. The association between severe obesity and characteristics of failed fertilized oocytes. Hum Reprod. 2012 Nov; 27(11):3198-207.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Kaser DJ, Ginsburg ES, Missmer SA, Correia KF, Racowsky C. Intramuscular progesterone versus 8% Crinone vaginal gel for luteal phase support for day 3 cryopreserved embryo transfer. Fertil Steril. 2012 Dec; 98(6):1464-9.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Kamran SC, Reichman DE, Missmer SA, Correia KF, Karaca N, Romano A, Racowsky C. Day 3 embryo shape as a morphologic selection parameter in in vitro fertilization. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2012 Oct; 29(10):1135-9.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Wang H, Racowsky C, Combelles CM. Is it best to cryopreserve human cumulus-free immature oocytes before or after in vitro maturation? Cryobiology. 2012 Oct; 65(2):79-87.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Racowsky C, Carrell D. Safety, Efficacy, and Complexities in the ART Laboratory. Semin Reprod Med. 2012 Jun; 30(3):165-6.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Pomeroy KO, Racowsky C. Patient and tissue identification in the assisted reproductive technology laboratory. Semin Reprod Med. 2012 Jun; 30(3):173-81.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Skiadas CC, Duan S, Correll M, Rubio R, Karaca N, Ginsburg ES, Quackenbush J, Racowsky C. Ovarian reserve status in young women is associated with altered gene expression in membrana granulosa cells. Mol Hum Reprod. 2012 Jul; 18(7):362-71.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Combelles CM, Holick EA, Racowsky C. Release of superoxide dismutase-1 by day 3 embryos of varying quality and implantation potential. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2012 Apr; 29(4):305-11.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Stern JE, Lieberman ES, Macaluso M, Racowsky C. Is cryopreservation of embryos a legitimate surrogate marker of embryo quality in studies of assisted reproductive technology conducted using national databases? Fertil Steril. 2012 Apr; 97(4):890-3.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Guan X, Yabuuchi A, Huo H, Ginsberg E, Racowsky C, Daley GQ, Lerou PH. Derivation of human embryonic stem cells with NEMO deficiency. Stem Cell Res. 2012 May; 8(3):410-5.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Machtinger R, Racowsky C. Culture systems: single step. Methods Mol Biol. 2012; 912:199-209.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Kaser DJ, Reichman DE, Ginsburg ES, Politch JA, Racowsky C. Developmental potential of embryos from intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles containing fragmented oocytes. Fertil Steril. 2012 Feb; 97(2):338-43.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Eaton JL, Lieberman ES, Stearns C, Chinchilla M, Racowsky C. Embryo culture media and neonatal birthweight following IVF. Hum Reprod. 2012 Feb; 27(2):375-9.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Combelles CM, Ceyhan ST, Wang H, Racowsky C. Maturation outcomes are improved following Cryoleaf vitrification of immature human oocytes when compared to choline-based slow-freezing. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2011 Dec; 28(12):1183-92.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Ginsburg ES, Baker VL, Racowsky C, Wantman E, Goldfarb J, Stern JE. Use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and preimplantation genetic screening in the United States: a Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Writing Group paper. Fertil Steril. 2011 Oct; 96(4):865-8.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Wang Q, Racowsky C, Deng M. Mechanism of the chromosome-induced polar body extrusion in mouse eggs. Cell Div. 2011; 6:17.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Shah DK, Missmer SA, Berry KF, Racowsky C, Ginsburg ES. Effect of obesity on oocyte and embryo quality in women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Jul; 118(1):63-70.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Karimov CB, Moragianni VA, Cronister A, Srouji S, Petrozza J, Racowsky C, Ginsburg E, Thornton KL, Welt CK. Increased frequency of occult fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency in infertile women with evidence of impaired ovarian function. Hum Reprod. 2011 Aug; 26(8):2077-83.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Reichman DE, Missmer SA, Berry KF, Ginsburg ES, Racowsky C. Effect of time between human chorionic gonadotropin injection and egg retrieval is age dependent. Fertil Steril. 2011 May; 95(6):1990-5.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Racowsky C, Stern JE, Gibbons WE, Behr B, Pomeroy KO, Biggers JD. National collection of embryo morphology data into Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcomes Reporting System: associations among day 3 cell number, fragmentation and blastomere asymmetry, and live birth rate. Fertil Steril. 2011 May; 95(6):1985-9.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Vernon M, Stern JE, Ball GD, Wininger D, Mayer J, Racowsky C. Utility of the national embryo morphology data collection by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies (SART): correlation between day-3 morphology grade and live-birth outcome. Fertil Steril. 2011 Jun 30; 95(8):2761-3.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Cook JL, Collins J, Buckett W, Racowsky C, Hughes E, Jarvi K. Assisted reproductive technology-related multiple births: Canada in an international context. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2011 Feb; 33(2):159-67.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Combelles CM, Kearns WG, Fox JH, Racowsky C. Cellular and genetic analysis of oocytes and embryos in a human case of spontaneous oocyte activation. Hum Reprod. 2011 Mar; 26(3):545-52.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Machtinger R, Politch JA, Hornstein MD, Ginsburg ES, Racowsky C. A giant oocyte in a cohort of retrieved oocytes: does it have any effect on the in vitro fertilization cycle outcome? Fertil Steril. 2011 Feb; 95(2):573-6.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Skiadas CC, Missmer SA, Benson CB, Acker D, Racowsky C. Spontaneous reduction before 12 weeks' gestation and selective reduction similarly extend time to delivery in in vitro fertilization of trichorionic-triamniotic triplets. Fertil Steril. 2011 Feb; 95(2):596-9.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Racowsky C, Vernon M, Mayer J, Ball GD, Behr B, Pomeroy KO, Wininger D, Gibbons W, Conaghan J, Stern JE. Standardization of grading embryo morphology. Fertil Steril. 2010 Aug; 94(3):1152-3.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Skiadas CC, Missmer SA, Benson CB, Acker D, Racowsky C. Impact of selective reduction of the monochorionic pair in in vitro fertilization triplet pregnancies on gestational length. Fertil Steril. 2010 Dec; 94(7):2930-1.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Racowsky C, Vernon M, Mayer J, Ball GD, Behr B, Pomeroy KO, Wininger D, Gibbons W, Conaghan J, Stern JE. Standardization of grading embryo morphology. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2010 Aug; 27(8):437-9.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Yanushpolsky E, Hurwitz S, Greenberg L, Racowsky C, Hornstein M. Patterns of luteal phase bleeding in in vitro fertilization cycles supplemented with Crinone vaginal gel and with intramuscular progesterone--impact of luteal estrogen: prospective, randomized study and post hoc analysis. Fertil Steril. 2011 Feb; 95(2):617-20.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Combelles CM, Morozumi K, Yanagimachi R, Zhu L, Fox JH, Racowsky C. Diagnosing cellular defects in an unexplained case of total fertilization failure. Hum Reprod. 2010 Jul; 25(7):1666-71.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Reichman DE, Politch J, Ginsburg ES, Racowsky C. Extended in vitro maturation of immature oocytes from stimulated cycles: an analysis of fertilization potential, embryo development, and reproductive outcomes. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2010 Jul; 27(7):347-56.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Yanushpolsky E, Hurwitz S, Greenberg L, Racowsky C, Hornstein M. Crinone vaginal gel is equally effective and better tolerated than intramuscular progesterone for luteal phase support in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer cycles: a prospective randomized study. Fertil Steril. 2010 Dec; 94(7):2596-9.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Reichman DE, Hornstein MD, Jackson KV, Racowsky C. Empty follicle syndrome--does repeat administration of hCG really work? Fertil Steril. 2010 Jun; 94(1):375-7.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Racowsky C, Ohno-Machado L, Kim J, Biggers JD. Is there an advantage in scoring early embryos on more than one day? Hum Reprod. 2009 Sep; 24(9):2104-13.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Reichman DE, Jackson KV, Racowsky C. Incidence and development of zygotes exhibiting abnormal pronuclear disposition after identification of two pronuclei at the fertilization check. Fertil Steril. 2010 Aug; 94(3):965-70.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Huddleston HG, Jackson KV, Doyle JO, Racowsky C. hMG increases the yield of mature oocytes and excellent-quality embryos in patients with a previous cycle having a high incidence of oocyte immaturity. Fertil Steril. 2009 Sep; 92(3):946-9.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Biggers JD, Racowsky C. John D. Biggers : a conversation with Michael Summers & Catherine Racowsky, by Michael C. Summers and Catherine Racowsky. Hum Fertil (Camb). 2008 Dec; 11(4):211-21.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Egan B, Racowsky C, Hornstein MD, Martin R, Tsen LC. Anesthetic impact of body mass index in patients undergoing assisted reproductive technologies. J Clin Anesth. 2008 Aug; 20(5):356-63.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Skiadas CC, Missmer SA, Benson CB, Gee RE, Racowsky C. Risk factors associated with pregnancies containing a monochorionic pair following assisted reproductive technologies. Hum Reprod. 2008 Jun; 23(6):1366-71.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Stern JE, Goldman MB, Hatasaka H, MacKenzie TA, Surrey ES, Racowsky C. Optimizing the number of cleavage stage embryos to transfer on day 3 in women 38 years of age and older: a Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology database study. Fertil Steril. 2009 Mar; 91(3):767-76.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Klein JU, Missmer SA, Jackson KV, Orasanu B, Fox JH, Racowsky C. In vitro fertilization outcomes after transfer of embryos contaminated with yeast. Fertil Steril. 2009 Jan; 91(1):294-7.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Stern JE, Goldman MB, Hatasaka H, MacKenzie TA, Racowsky C, Surrey ES. Optimizing the number of blastocyst stage embryos to transfer on day 5 or 6 in women 38 years of age and older: a Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology database study. Fertil Steril. 2009 Jan; 91(1):157-66.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Lerou PH, Yabuuchi A, Huo H, Takeuchi A, Shea J, Cimini T, Ince TA, Ginsburg E, Racowsky C, Daley GQ. Human embryonic stem cell derivation from poor-quality embryos. Nat Biotechnol. 2008 Feb; 26(2):212-4.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Huddleston HG, Racowsky C, Jackson KV, Fox JH, Ginsburg ES. Coasting vs. cryopreservation of all embryos for prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 2008 Oct; 90(4):1259-62.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Yanushpolsky E, Hurwitz S, Greenberg L, Racowsky C, Hornstein MD. Comparison of Crinone 8% intravaginal gel and intramuscular progesterone supplementation for in vitro fertilization/embryo transfer in women under age 40: interim analysis of a prospective randomized trial. Fertil Steril. 2008 Feb; 89(2):485-7.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Daley GQ, Ahrlund Richter L, Auerbach JM, Benvenisty N, Charo RA, Chen G, Deng HK, Goldstein LS, Hudson KL, Hyun I, Junn SC, Love J, Lee EH, McLaren A, Mummery CL, Nakatsuji N, Racowsky C, Rooke H, Rossant J, Schöler HR, Solbakk JH, Taylor P, Trounson AO, Weissman IL, Wilmut I, Yu J, Zoloth L. Ethics. The ISSCR guidelines for human embryonic stem cell research. Science. 2007 Feb 2; 315(5812):603-4.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Skiadas CC, Jackson KV, Racowsky C. Early compaction on day 3 may be associated with increased implantation potential. Fertil Steril. 2006 Nov; 86(5):1386-91.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Jun SH, O'Leary T, Jackson KV, Racowsky C. Benefit of intracytoplasmic sperm injection in patients with a high incidence of triploidy in a prior in vitro fertilization cycle. Fertil Steril. 2006 Oct; 86(4):825-9.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Combelles CM, Racowsky C. Protein expression profiles of early embryos--an important step in the right direction: just not quite ready for prime time. Fertil Steril. 2006 Aug; 86(2):493; author reply 493.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Combelles CM, Racowsky C. Protein expression profiles of early embryo--an important step in the right direction: just not quite ready for prime time. Fertil Steril. 2006 Jul; 86(1):e1; author reply e2.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Orasanu B, Jackson KV, Hornstein MD, Racowsky C. Effects of culture medium on HCG concentrations and their value in predicting successful IVF outcome. Reprod Biomed Online. 2006 May; 12(5):590-8.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Lieberman E, Ginsburg ES, Racowsky C. Rate of cell division and weight of neonates following IVF. Reprod Biomed Online. 2006 Mar; 12(3):315-21.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Combelles CM, Orasanu B, Ginsburg ES, Racowsky C. Optimum number of embryos to transfer in women more than 40 years of age undergoing treatment with assisted reproductive technologies. Fertil Steril. 2005 Dec; 84(6):1637-42.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Combelles CM, Racowsky C. Assessment and optimization of oocyte quality during assisted reproductive technology treatment. Semin Reprod Med. 2005 Aug; 23(3):277-84.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Weier JF, Weier HU, Nureddin A, Pedersen RA, Racowsky C. Aneuploidy involving chromosome 1 in failed-fertilized human oocytes is unrelated to maternal age. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2005 Aug; 22(7-8):285-93.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Racowsky C, Orasanu B, Hinrichsen MJ, Ginsburg ES. Embryo quality based on ovulation induction: defining the differences. Reprod Biomed Online. 2005 Jul; 11(1):22-5.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Styer AK, Jackson KV, Hornstein MD, Racowsky C, Ginsburg ES, Gargiulo AR. Pregnancy outcomes in in vitro fertilization cycles with serum estradiol drop prior to human chorionic gonadotropin. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2005 May; 89(2):133-7.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Holmes LB, Gargiulo AR, Nadel AS, Racowsky C. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 11-2005. A 32-year-old pregnant woman with an abnormal fetal karyotype. N Engl J Med. 2005 Apr 14; 352(15):1579-87.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Weier HU, Weier JF, Renom MO, Zheng X, Colls P, Nureddin A, Pham CD, Chu LW, Racowsky C, Munné S. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and spectral imaging analysis of human oocytes and first polar bodies. J Histochem Cytochem. 2005 Mar; 53(3):269-72.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Combelles CM, Fissore RA, Albertini DF, Racowsky C. In vitro maturation of human oocytes and cumulus cells using a co-culture three-dimensional collagen gel system. Hum Reprod. 2005 May; 20(5):1349-58.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Jun SH, Racowsky C, Fox JH, Hornstein MD. The role of preparatory cycles in ovum donation recipients: a retrospective study. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2004 Nov; 21(11):377-9.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Combelles CM, Albertini DF, Racowsky C. Distinct microtubule and chromatin characteristics of human oocytes after failed in-vivo and in-vitro meiotic maturation. Hum Reprod. 2003 Oct; 18(10):2124-30.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Yanushpolsky EH, Hurwitz S, Tikh E, Racowsky C. Predictive usefulness of cycle day 10 follicle-stimulating hormone level in a clomiphene citrate challenge test for in vitro fertilization outcome in women younger than 40 years of age. Fertil Steril. 2003 Jul; 80(1):111-5.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Racowsky C, Combelles CM, Nureddin A, Pan Y, Finn A, Miles L, Gale S, O'Leary T, Jackson KV. Day 3 and day 5 morphological predictors of embryo viability. Reprod Biomed Online. 2003 Apr-May; 6(3):323-31.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Biggers JD, Racowsky C. The development of fertilized human ova to the blastocyst stage in KSOM(AA) medium: is a two-step protocol necessary? Reprod Biomed Online. 2002 Sep-Oct; 5(2):133-40.
    View in: PubMed
  75. Combelles CM, Cekleniak NA, Racowsky C, Albertini DF. Assessment of nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation in in-vitro matured human oocytes. Hum Reprod. 2002 Apr; 17(4):1006-16.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Racowsky C. High rates of embryonic loss, yet high incidence of multiple births in human ART: is this paradoxical? Theriogenology. 2002 Jan 1; 57(1):87-96.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Chow JS, Benson CB, Racowsky C, Doubilet PM, Ginsburg E. Frequency of a monochorionic pair in multiple gestations: relationship to mode of conception. J Ultrasound Med. 2001 Jul; 20(7):757-60; quiz 761.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Cekleniak NA, Combelles CM, Ganz DA, Fung J, Albertini DF, Racowsky C. A novel system for in vitro maturation of human oocytes. Fertil Steril. 2001 Jun; 75(6):1185-93.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Jun SH, Ginsburg ES, Racowsky C, Wise LA, Hornstein MD. Uterine leiomyomas and their effect on in vitro fertilization outcome: a retrospective study. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2001 Mar; 18(3):139-43.
    View in: PubMed
  80. José de los Santos M, Anderson DJ, Racowsky C, Hill JA. Presence of Fas-Fas ligand system and bcl-2 gene products in cells and fluids from gonadotropin-stimulated human ovaries. Biol Reprod. 2000 Dec; 63(6):1811-6.
    View in: PubMed
  81. Vidaeff AC, Racowsky C, Rayburn WF. Blastocyst transfer in human in vitro fertilization. A solution to the multiple pregnancy epidemic. J Reprod Med. 2000 Jul; 45(7):529-39; discussion 539-40.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Behr B, Fisch JD, Racowsky C, Miller K, Pool TB, Milki AA. Blastocyst-ET and monozygotic twinning. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2000 Jul; 17(6):349-51.
    View in: PubMed
  83. Sachs AR, Politch JA, Jackson KV, Racowsky C, Hornstein MD, Ginsburg ES. Factors associated with the formation of triploid zygotes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Fertil Steril. 2000 Jun; 73(6):1109-14.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Racowsky C, Jackson KV, Cekleniak NA, Fox JH, Hornstein MD, Ginsburg ES. The number of eight-cell embryos is a key determinant for selecting day 3 or day 5 transfer. Fertil Steril. 2000 Mar; 73(3):558-64.
    View in: PubMed
  85. de los Santos MJ, Anderson DJ, Racowsky C, Simón C, Hill JA. Expression of interleukin-1 system genes in human gametes. Biol Reprod. 1998 Dec; 59(6):1419-24.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Maciulla J, Goolsby L, Racowsky C, Reed K. Maternal serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels and successful labor induction. Obstet Gynecol. 1998 May; 91(5 Pt 1):771-3.
    View in: PubMed
  87. Racowsky C, Prather AL, Johnson MK, Olvera SP, Gelety TJ. Prematurely condensed chromosomes and meiotic abnormalities in unfertilized human oocytes after ovarian stimulation with and without gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. Fertil Steril. 1997 May; 67(5):932-8.
    View in: PubMed
  88. Goolsby L, Schlecht K, Racowsky C, Gelety T, Reed K. Maternal serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels and the efficiency of labor in young nulliparas. Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Jul; 88(1):56-9.
    View in: PubMed
  89. Racowsky C, Kaufman ML. Nuclear degeneration and meiotic aberrations observed in human oocytes matured in vitro: analysis by light microscopy. Fertil Steril. 1992 Oct; 58(4):750-5.
    View in: PubMed
  90. Racowsky C, Kaufman ML, Dermer RA, Homa ST, Gunnala S. Chromosomal analysis of meiotic stages of human oocytes matured in vitro: benefits of protease treatment before fixation. Fertil Steril. 1992 May; 57(5):1026-33.
    View in: PubMed
  91. Prather AL, Racowsky C. Caffeine effects on meiotic maturation in hamster oocytes in vitro. Reprod Toxicol. 1992; 6(4):309-18.
    View in: PubMed
  92. McGaughey RW, Racowsky C, Rider V, Baldwin K, DeMarais AA, Webster SD. Ultrastructural correlates of meiotic maturation in mammalian oocytes. J Electron Microsc Tech. 1990 Dec; 16(4):257-80.
    View in: PubMed
  93. Racowsky C, Baldwin KV. Modulation of intrafollicular oestradiol in explanted hamster follicles does not affect oocyte meiotic status. J Reprod Fertil. 1989 Nov; 87(2):409-20.
    View in: PubMed
  94. Racowsky C, Baldwin KV, Larabell CA, DeMarais AA, Kazilek CJ. Down-regulation of membrana granulosa cell gap junctions is correlated with irreversible commitment to resume meiosis in golden Syrian hamster oocytes. Eur J Cell Biol. 1989 Aug; 49(2):244-51.
    View in: PubMed
  95. Racowsky C, Baldwin KV. In vitro and in vivo studies reveal that hamster oocyte meiotic arrest is maintained only transiently by follicular fluid, but persistently by membrana/cumulus granulosa cell contact. Dev Biol. 1989 Aug; 134(2):297-306.
    View in: PubMed
  96. Racowsky C, Hendricks RC, Baldwin KV. Direct effects of nicotine on the meiotic maturation of hamster oocytes. Reprod Toxicol. 1989; 3(1):13-21.
    View in: PubMed
  97. Homa ST, McGaughey RW, Racowsky C. Isolated subpopulations of mass-harvested pig oocytes and their characterization by size, incidence of atresia and competence to mature in culture. J Reprod Fertil. 1988 Jan; 82(1):81-6.
    View in: PubMed
  98. Monty DE, Racowsky C. In vitro evaluation of early embryo viability and development in summer heat-stressed, superovulated dairy cows. Theriogenology. 1987 Oct; 28(4):451-65.
    View in: PubMed
  99. Racowsky C, Satterlie RA. Decreases in heterologous metabolic and dye coupling, but not in electrical coupling, accompany meiotic resumption in hamster oocyte-cumulus complexes. Eur J Cell Biol. 1987 Apr; 43(2):283-92.
    View in: PubMed
  100. Baldwin KV, Racowsky C. Nicotine and cotinine effects on development of two-cell mouse embryos in vitro. Reprod Toxicol. 1987-1988; 1(3):173-8.
    View in: PubMed
  101. Racowsky C. The releasing action of calcium upon cyclic AMP-dependent meiotic arrest in hamster oocytes. J Exp Zool. 1986 Aug; 239(2):263-75.
    View in: PubMed
  102. Homa ST, Racowsky C, McGaughey RW. Lipid analysis of immature pig oocytes. J Reprod Fertil. 1986 Jul; 77(2):425-34.
    View in: PubMed
  103. Racowsky C. Antagonistic actions of estradiol and tamoxifen upon forskolin-dependent meiotic arrest, intercellular coupling, and the cyclic AMP content of hamster oocyte-cumulus complexes. J Exp Zool. 1985 May; 234(2):251-60.
    View in: PubMed
  104. Racowsky C. Effect of forskolin on maintenance of meiotic arrest and stimulation of cumulus expansion, progesterone and cyclic AMP production by pig oocyte-cumulus complexes. J Reprod Fertil. 1985 May; 74(1):9-21.
    View in: PubMed
  105. Racowsky C. Effect of forskolin on the spontaneous maturation and cyclic AMP content of hamster oocyte-cumulus complexes. J Exp Zool. 1985 Apr; 234(1):87-96.
    View in: PubMed
  106. Racowsky C, Satterlie RA. Metabolic, fluorescent dye and electrical coupling between hamster oocytes and cumulus cells during meiotic maturation in vivo and in vitro. Dev Biol. 1985 Mar; 108(1):191-202.
    View in: PubMed
  107. Racowsky C. Effect of forskolin on the spontaneous maturation and cyclic AMP content of rat oocyte-cumulus complexes. J Reprod Fertil. 1984 Sep; 72(1):107-16.
    View in: PubMed
  108. Racowsky C, Biggers JD. Are blastocyst prostaglandins produced endogenously? Biol Reprod. 1983 Sep; 29(2):379-88.
    View in: PubMed
  109. Racowsky C. Androgenic modulation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent meiotic arrest. Biol Reprod. 1983 May; 28(4):774-87.
    View in: PubMed
  110. Racowsky C, McGaughey RW. In the absence of protein, estradiol suppresses meiosis of porcine oocytes in vitro. J Exp Zool. 1982 Nov 20; 224(1):103-10.
    View in: PubMed
  111. Racowsky C, McGaughey RW. Further studies of the effects of follicular fluid and membrana granulosa cells on the spontaneous maturation of pig oocytes. J Reprod Fertil. 1982 Nov; 66(2):505-12.
    View in: PubMed
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Racowsky's Networks
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Concepts
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Co-Authors
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Similar People
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Same Department
Physical Neighbors
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