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Martha Elizabeth Shenton, PH.D.

TitleProfessor of Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentPsychiatry
AddressBrigham and Women's Hospital
Department of Psychiatry & Radiology
1249 Boylston Street
Boston MA 02215
Phone508/583-4500
Fax617/525-6150
Other Positions
TitleProfessor of Radiology
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentRadiology


 Biography 
 awards and honors
1973 - Durant Scholar (Summa cum laude)
1973 - Phi Beta Kappa, Eta Chapter
1978 - Merit Fellowship
1980 - The George & Cecile Naumburg Fellowship for Doctoral Work in the Behavioral Sciences
1982 - The Harvard-Danforth Award for Excellence in Teaching
1982 - The Harvard-Danforth Award for Excellence in Teaching
1982 - The Peter B. Livingston Dissertation Research Fellowship
1984 - NIMH National Research Service Award (NRSA) Clinical Research Training Fellow
1988 - Invited Participant, The James S. McDonnell Foundation Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience
1988 - Research Scientist Development Award (K01), National Institute of Mental Health
1989 - Schizophrenia Young Investigator Award
1991 - William F. Milton Fund Award for Scientific Research
1992 - Theodore and Vada Stanley Foundation Research Award for Research on Serious Mental Diseases
1992 - Thomas Temple Hoopes Prize for Excellence in the Work of Undergraduates & the Art of Teaching
1992 - Thomas Temple Hoopes Prize for Excellence in the Work of Undergraduates and the Art of Teaching
1994 - FIRST AWARD, National Institute of Mental Health
1994 - Independent Scientist Award (K02), National Institute of Mental Health
1997 - 2004Senior Mentor for the Stanley Scholars Program
1998 - 5th Recipient of the Joseph Zubin Memorial Fund Award for Research in Psychopathology
1999 - Independent Scientist Award (K02), National Institute of Mental Health
1999 - William F. Milton Fund Award for Scientific Research
2004 - 2009Senior Scientist Award, National Institute of Mental Health
2008 - William Silen Lifetime Achievement Award for Mentoring
2009 - National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Depression Distinguished Investigator Award
2012 - Catedra Professor Carlos Lloyd Braga Honorary Chair
2013 - Stuart T. Hauser, M.D., Ph.D., Mentoring Award, Department of Psychiatry, HMS
2013 - Research Award, Psychiatry, BWH

 Overview 
 overview
Narrative Description of Research:

Schizophrenia is a major public health problem that affects close to 1% of the general population and has devastating effects on the psychological and financial resources of the patient, family, and larger community. Unfortunately there is still no clear understanding of the pathology although recent research has made it increasingly clear that biological factors may play an important role. One promising area of research has focused on the detection of abnormalities in the brains of patients afflicted with schizophrenia. Here, both post-mortem and recent magnetic resonance structural imaging (MRI) studies suggest that temporal lobe and temporal lobe limbic system abnormalities, especially pronounced on the left, may be implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

The broad goal of Dr. Shenton’s research program (see http://pnl.bwh.harvard.edu) has been to apply new imaging techniques to the study of schizophrenia in order to determine and to localize brain abnormalities which likely underlie the symptoms and disordered behavior observed in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Accordingly, this investigator has focused her research efforts in trying to define and to localize further brain abnormalities in the temporal lobe in patients afflicted with schizophrenia. Newly developed image processing techniques, originally developed for the analysis of multichannel remote sensing data (i.e., satellites), have been employed to analyze high spatial resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans (1.5-mm and 2-mm slices). The application of these image processing techniques to the investigation of schizophrenia has been particularly helpful because these techniques not only exploit more fully information contained in MR scans, but they also offer more precise and accurate measurements, factors important to schizophrenia where brain abnormalities are often more subtle, and harder to detect, than for other pathophysiological disorders, and where, consequently, precise and accurate measurements become that much more essential.

These techniques have now been used by Dr. Shenton and her colleagues to make volumetric measurements of: (1) whole brain for gray matter, white matter and CSF; (2) temporal lobe (gray and white matter); (3) amygdala-hippocampal complex, (4) parahippocampal gyrus, (5) superior temporal gyrus; (6) cingulate gyrus; (7) parietal lobe; and (8) basal ganglia structures. In addition, an analysis of the gyral pattern in the cortical gray matter surface of the temporal lobes has been completed. Results demonstrate that schizophrenic patients, compared to normal controls, show reductions in volume in temporal lobe limbic system structures (amygdala-hippocampal formation and parahippocampal gyrus), and in superior temporal gyrus. These abnormalities were found to be more pronounced on the left, were correlated with each other, and there was an observed correlation between measures of formal thought disorder and left superior temporal gyrus volume. The latter finding suggested to the investigator and her coworkers that there was damage to an interconnected neural network that may be important to verbal associations and verbal memory, which may account for the loose associations so often observed in schizophrenia. This line of research is continuing and newer methods are being developed for analyzing the brain, including warping techniques which may replace the laborious tracing of smaller regions of the brain. Additionally, measures of shape are being applied to brain regions of interest as such measures may be more sensitive than measures of volume alone and they may reflect neurodevelopmental anomalies in the brains of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. This research has been extended to first onset cases of schizophrenia as well as to individuals diagnosed with schizotypal personality disorder. The former focus is important as it will allow these investigators to discern whether or not brain abnormalities are evident early in the course of the illness, prior to confounding variables such as a chronic illness and long term effects of neuroleptics. The latter focus is important as it will allow these investigators to discern similarities and differences in a disorder that is genetically linked to schizophrenia but where psychosis is not observed. Finally, Dr. Shenton is also working closely with collaborators investigating hippocampal abnormalities in individuals diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Currently, there is a morphometric brain study of the amygdala-hippocampus in monozygotic twins where one twin has PTSD as a result of combat exposure in the Vietnam War, and the other does not. Such studies will help us to understand whether or not some individuals have a predisposition to developing PTSD. Other morphometric studies of brain abnormalities in clinical populations include new studies investigating the cognitive and behavioral correlates of brain abnormalities in William’s Syndrome patients.

Work using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has also been conducted by Dr. Shenton and her colleagues in an attempt to understand further cognitive processes which can be interrupted by TMS, thus affording the opportunity to link processes that occur in the millisecond range with specific loci in the brain. This program of research is being developed to examine motor maps but will be extended to map cortical speech areas in order to determine whether there are differences in language processing between patients with schizophrenia and a normal comparison group. New studies using MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are also being applied to neuropsychiatric disorders. This is a relatively new imaging technique that will be important for examining white matter fiber tracts in the brain in schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders. More specifically, unlike conventional MRI, where white matter appears uniform and homogeneous, the novel technology of DTI affords an opportunity to investigate and to quantify normal and abnormal white matter fiber tracts in vivo in the human brain. Here Dr. Shenton and her collaborators are focusing on assessing anisotropic diffusion in the uncinate fasciculus, the most prominent white matter fiber tract connecting the frontal and temporal lobe, as well as other fiber tracts likely implicated in schizophrenia. Findings reveal a group by side interaction as well as a lack of normal left greater than right asymmetry in patients with schizophrenia. These findings demonstrate the importance of investigating white matter fiber tracts in vivo in schizophrenia, and support the hypothesis of a disruption in normal connectivity between temporo-frontal brain regions in schizophrenia.

Another area of research that Dr. Shenton and her colleagues are conducting is research in the area of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Injury to the brain, especially in concussion or mild TBI, mainly involves diffuse axonal injury, which is best characterized by diffusion imaging techniques. Mild TBI, in fact, is difficult to characterize using conventional CT and MRI because these imaging techniques are not optimal for detecting diffuse axonal injury, particularly as evinced by mild TBI. Diffusion tractography techniques that can quantify damage along fiber tracts is thus an important new area of research that may add to our understanding of TBI. Dr. Shenton and her colleagues are part of a large PTSD and TBI Clinical Consortium supported by the Department of Defense (http://intrust.sdsc.edu/), which includes 10 sites across the country where neuroimaging will be conducted to understand better the neurobiology of TBI. Work is also being conducted with Dr. Robert Stern at Boston University Medical School, Center for Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, in evaluating chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) using neuroimaging techniques, applied to a group of National Football Players who are at risk for developing CTE. Work has also been done in investigating subconcussive blows to the head in elite soccer players in Germany with Dr. Inga Koerte. This work was recently published in JAMA. Further, because traumatic brain injury is a heterogeneous disorder, in that where the head is impacted determines where in the brain the injury has occurred, Dr. Shenton has bee working with Dr. Sylvain Bouix in establishing individual profiles of injury in traumatic brain injury using a normative atlas. This work has recently been published in PlosOne.

By applying these new techniques to assess heretofore unmeasurable differences between the brains of normal control subjects and clinical populations, Dr. Shenton and her colleagues hope to understand better the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders.


 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Del Re EC, Bergen SE, Mesholam-Gately RI, Niznikiewicz MA, Goldstein JM, Woo TU, Shenton ME, Seidman LJ, McCarley RW, Petryshen TL. Analysis of schizophrenia-related genes and electrophysiological measures reveals ZNF804A association with amplitude of P300b elicited by novel sounds. Transl Psychiatry. 2014; 4:e346.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Perlstein MD, Chohan MR, Coman IL, Antshel KM, Fremont WP, Gnirke MH, Kikinis Z, Middleton FA, Radoeva PD, Shenton ME, Kates WR. White matter abnormalities in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: Preliminary associations with the Nogo-66 receptor gene and symptoms of psychosis. Schizophr Res. 2014 Jan; 152(1):117-23.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Ohtani T, Levitt JJ, Nestor PG, Kawashima T, Asami T, Shenton ME, Niznikiewicz M, McCarley RW. Prefrontal cortex volume deficit in schizophrenia: A new look using 3T MRI with manual parcellation. Schizophr Res. 2014 Jan; 152(1):184-90.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Thermenos HW, Whitfield-Gabrieli S, Seidman LJ, Kuperberg G, Juelich RJ, Divatia S, Riley C, Jabbar GA, Shenton ME, Kubicki M, Manschreck T, Keshavan MS, Delisi LE. Altered language network activity in young people at familial high-risk for schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2013 Dec; 151(1-3):229-37.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Francis AN, Seidman LJ, Tandon N, Shenton ME, Thermenos HW, Mesholam-Gately RI, van Elst LT, Tuschen-Caffier B, Delisi LE, Keshavan MS. Reduced subicular subdivisions of the hippocampal formation and verbal declarative memory impairments in young relatives at risk for schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2013 Dec; 151(1-3):154-7.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Kikinis Z, Makris N, Finn CT, Bouix S, Lucia D, Coleman MJ, Tworog-Dube E, Kikinis R, Kucherlapati R, Shenton ME, Kubicki M. Genetic contributions to changes of fiber tracts of ventral visual stream in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Brain Imaging Behav. 2013 Sep; 7(3):316-25.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Makris N, Preti MG, Wassermann D, Rathi Y, Papadimitriou GM, Yergatian C, Dickerson BC, Shenton ME, Kubicki M. Human middle longitudinal fascicle: segregation and behavioral-clinical implications of two distinct fiber connections linking temporal pole and superior temporal gyrus with the angular gyrus or superior parietal lobule using multi-tensor tractography. Brain Imaging Behav. 2013 Sep; 7(3):335-52.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Clemm von Hohenberg C, Wigand MC, Kubicki M, Leicht G, Giegling I, Karch S, Hartmann AM, Konte B, Friedl M, Ballinger T, Eckbo R, Bouix S, Jäger L, Shenton ME, Rujescu D, Mulert C. CNTNAP2 polymorphisms and structural brain connectivity: A diffusion-tensor imaging study. J Psychiatr Res. 2013 Oct; 47(10):1349-56.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Maciejewski PK, Pelavin PE, Hawley KJ, Ballinger T, Swisher T, Jabbar GA, Thermenos HW, Keshavan MS, Seidman LJ, Delisi LE. Decreased axial diffusivity within language connections: A possible biomarker of schizophrenia risk. Schizophr Res. 2013 Aug; 148(1-3):67-73.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Gao Y, Bouix S, Shenton M, Tannenbaum A. Sparse texture active contour. IEEE Trans Image Process. 2013 Oct; 22(10):3866-78.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Bouix S, Pasternak O, Rathi Y, Pelavin PE, Zafonte R, Shenton ME. Increased Gray Matter Diffusion Anisotropy in Patients with Persistent Post-Concussive Symptoms following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e66205.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Clemm von Hohenberg C, Schocke MF, Wigand MC, Nachbauer W, Guttmann CR, Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Boesch S, Egger K. Radial diffusivity in the cerebellar peduncles correlates with clinical severity in Friedreich ataxia. Neurol Sci. 2013 Aug; 34(8):1459-62.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Asami T, Whitford TJ, Bouix S, Dickey CC, Niznikiewicz M, Shenton ME, Voglmaier MM, McCarley RW. Globally and locally reduced MRI gray matter volumes in neuroleptic-naive men with schizotypal personality disorder: association with negative symptoms. JAMA Psychiatry. 2013 Apr 1; 70(4):361-72.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Romo-Nava F, Hoogenboom WS, Pelavin PE, Alvarado JL, Bobrow LH, Macmaster FP, Keshavan M, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Pituitary volume in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Schizophr Res. 2013 May; 146(1-3):301-7.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Araki T, Niznikiewicz M, Kawashima T, Nestor PG, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Disruption of function-structure coupling in brain regions sub-serving self monitoring in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2013 May; 146(1-3):336-43.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Fitzsimmons J, Kubicki M, Shenton ME. Review of functional and anatomical brain connectivity findings in schizophrenia. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2013 Mar; 26(2):172-87.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Nestor PG, Kubicki M, Nakamura M, Niznikiewicz M, Levitt JJ, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Neuropsychological variability, symptoms, and brain imaging in chronic schizophrenia. Brain Imaging Behav. 2013 Mar; 7(1):68-76.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Quan M, Lee SH, Kubicki M, Kikinis Z, Rathi Y, Seidman LJ, Mesholam-Gately RI, Goldstein JM, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Levitt JJ. White matter tract abnormalities between rostral middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus and striatum in first-episode schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2013 Apr; 145(1-3):1-10.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Levitt JJ, Rosow LK, Nestor PG, Pelavin PE, Swisher TM, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. A volumetric MRI study of limbic, associative and sensorimotor striatal subregions in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2013 Apr; 145(1-3):11-9.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Asami T, Saito Y, Whitford TJ, Makris N, Niznikiewicz M, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Kubicki M. Abnormalities of middle longitudinal fascicle and disorganization in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2013 Feb; 143(2-3):253-9.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Lee SH, Kubicki M, Asami T, Seidman LJ, Goldstein JM, Mesholam-Gately RI, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Extensive white matter abnormalities in patients with first-episode schizophrenia: A diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study. Schizophr Res. 2013 Feb; 143(2-3):231-8.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Koerte IK, Kaufmann D, Hartl E, Bouix S, Pasternak O, Kubicki M, Rauscher A, Li DK, Dadachanji SB, Taunton JA, Forwell LA, Johnson AM, Echlin PS, Shenton ME. A prospective study of physician-observed concussion during a varsity university hockey season: white matter integrity in ice hockey players. Part 3 of 4. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec; 33(6):E3.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Pasternak O, Westin CF, Bouix S, Seidman LJ, Goldstein JM, Woo TU, Petryshen TL, Mesholam-Gately RI, McCarley RW, Kikinis R, Shenton ME, Kubicki M. Excessive extracellular volume reveals a neurodegenerative pattern in schizophrenia onset. J Neurosci. 2012 Nov 28; 32(48):17365-72.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Koerte IK, Ertl-Wagner B, Reiser M, Zafonte R, Shenton ME. White matter integrity in the brains of professional soccer players without a symptomatic concussion. JAMA. 2012 Nov 14; 308(18):1859-61.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Hoogenboom WS, Perlis RH, Smoller JW, Zeng-Treitler Q, Gainer VS, Murphy SN, Churchill SE, Kohane IS, Shenton ME, Iosifescu DV. Feasibility of studying brain morphology in major depressive disorder with structural magnetic resonance imaging and clinical data from the electronic medical record: A pilot study. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Mar 30; 211(3):202-13.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Rosenberger G, Nestor PG, Oh JS, Levitt JJ, Kindleman G, Bouix S, Fitzsimmons J, Niznikiewicz M, Westin CF, Kikinis R, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Kubicki M. Anterior limb of the internal capsule in schizophrenia: a diffusion tensor tractography study. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Sep; 6(3):417-25.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Francis AN, Seidman LJ, Jabbar GA, Mesholam-Gately R, Thermenos HW, Juelich R, Proal AC, Shenton M, Kubicki M, Mathew I, Keshavan M, Delisi LE. Alterations in brain structures underlying language function in young adults at high familial risk for schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2012 Oct; 141(1):65-71.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Kikinis Z, Asami T, Bouix S, Finn CT, Ballinger T, Tworog-Dube E, Kucherlapati R, Kikinis R, Shenton ME, Kubicki M. Reduced fractional anisotropy and axial diffusivity in white matter in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a pilot study. Schizophr Res. 2012 Oct; 141(1):35-9.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Makris N, Preti MG, Asami T, Pelavin P, Campbell B, Papadimitriou GM, Kaiser J, Baselli G, Westin CF, Shenton ME, Kubicki M. Human middle longitudinal fascicle: variations in patterns of anatomical connections. Brain Struct Funct. 2013 Jul; 218(4):951-68.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Voineskos AN, Felsky D, Kovacevic N, Tiwari AK, Zai C, Chakravarty MM, Lobaugh NJ, Shenton ME, Rajji TK, Miranda D, Pollock BG, Mulsant BH, McIntosh AR, Kennedy JL. Oligodendrocyte genes, white matter tract integrity, and cognition in schizophrenia. Cereb Cortex. 2013 Sep; 23(9):2044-57.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Gao Y, Kikinis R, Bouix S, Shenton M, Tannenbaum A. A 3D interactive multi-object segmentation tool using local robust statistics driven active contours. Med Image Anal. 2012 Aug; 16(6):1216-27.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Musen G, Jacobson AM, Bolo NR, Simonson DC, Shenton ME, McCartney RL, Flores VL, Hoogenboom WS. Resting-state brain functional connectivity is altered in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes. 2012 Sep; 61(9):2375-9.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Tate DF, Shenton ME, Bigler ED. Introduction to the brain imaging and behavior special issue on neuroimaging findings in mild traumatic brain injury. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Jun; 6(2):103-7.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Baugh CM, Stamm JM, Riley DO, Gavett BE, Shenton ME, Lin A, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, McKee AC, Stern RA. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: neurodegeneration following repetitive concussive and subconcussive brain trauma. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Jun; 6(2):244-54.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Shenton ME, Hamoda HM, Schneiderman JS, Bouix S, Pasternak O, Rathi Y, Vu MA, Purohit MP, Helmer K, Koerte I, Lin AP, Westin CF, Kikinis R, Kubicki M, Stern RA, Zafonte R. A review of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging findings in mild traumatic brain injury. Brain Imaging Behav. 2012 Jun; 6(2):137-92.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Sampaio A, Bouix S, Sousa N, Vasconcelos C, Férnandez M, Shenton ME, Gonçalves OF. Morphometry of corpus callosum in Williams syndrome: shape as an index of neural development. Brain Struct Funct. 2013 May; 218(3):711-20.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Nestor PG, Nakamura M, Niznikiewicz M, Thompson E, Levitt JJ, Choate V, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. In search of the functional neuroanatomy of sociality: MRI subdivisions of orbital frontal cortex and social cognition. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2013 Apr; 8(4):460-7.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Whitford TJ, Wood SJ, Yung A, Cocchi L, Berger G, Shenton ME, Kubicki M, Phillips L, Velakoulis D, Yolken RH, Pantelis C, McGorry P, Amminger GP. Structural abnormalities in the cuneus associated with Herpes Simplex Virus (type 1) infection in people at ultra high risk of developing psychosis. Schizophr Res. 2012 Mar; 135(1-3):175-80.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Pasternak O, Shenton ME, Westin CF. Estimation of extracellular volume from regularized multi-shell diffusion MRI. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2012; 15(Pt 2):305-12.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Gavett BE, Cantu RC, Shenton M, Lin AP, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC, Stern RA. Clinical appraisal of chronic traumatic encephalopathy: current perspectives and future directions. Curr Opin Neurol. 2011 Dec; 24(6):525-31.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Nguyen AD, Pelavin PE, Shenton ME, Chilakamarri P, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Levitt JJ. Olfactory sulcal depth and olfactory bulb volume in patients with schizophrenia: an MRI study. Brain Imaging Behav. 2011 Dec; 5(4):252-61.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Levitt JJ, Alvarado JL, Nestor PG, Rosow L, Pelavin PE, McCarley RW, Kubicki M, Shenton ME. Fractional anisotropy and radial diffusivity: diffusion measures of white matter abnormalities in the anterior limb of the internal capsule in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2012 Apr; 136(1-3):55-62.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Xu H, Haroutunian V, Bartzokis G, Shenton ME. Oligodendrocytes in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res Treatment. 2011; 2011:249768.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Oh JS, Jang JH, Jung WH, Kang DH, Choi JS, Choi CH, Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Kwon JS. Reduced fronto-callosal fiber integrity in unmedicated OCD patients: a diffusion tractography study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2012 Oct; 33(10):2441-52.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Asami T, Bouix S, Whitford TJ, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, McCarley RW. Longitudinal loss of gray matter volume in patients with first-episode schizophrenia: DARTEL automated analysis and ROI validation. Neuroimage. 2012 Jan 16; 59(2):986-96.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Melonakos ED, Shenton ME, Rathi Y, Terry DP, Bouix S, Kubicki M. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies in schizophrenia-can white matter changes be reliably detected with VBM? Psychiatry Res. 2011 Aug 30; 193(2):65-70.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Whitford TJ, Savadjiev P, Kubicki M, O'Donnell LJ, Terry DP, Bouix S, Westin CF, Schneiderman JS, Bobrow L, Rausch AC, Niznikiewicz M, Nestor PG, Pantelis C, Wood SJ, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Fiber geometry in the corpus callosum in schizophrenia: evidence for transcallosal misconnection. Schizophr Res. 2011 Oct; 132(1):69-74.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Uehara-Aoyama K, Nakamura M, Asami T, Yoshida T, Hayano F, Roppongi T, Fujiwara A, Inoue T, Shenton ME, Hirayasu Y. Sexually dimorphic distribution of orbitofrontal sulcogyral pattern in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2011 Aug; 65(5):483-9.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Whitford TJ, Kubicki M, Shenton ME. Diffusion tensor imaging, structural connectivity, and schizophrenia. Schizophr Res Treatment. 2011; 2011:709523.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Capitão L, Sampaio A, Sampaio C, Vasconcelos C, Férnandez M, Garayzábal E, Shenton ME, Gonçalves OF. MRI amygdala volume in Williams Syndrome. Res Dev Disabil. 2011 Nov-Dec; 32(6):2767-72.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Dickey CC, Panych LP, Voglmaier MM, Niznikiewicz MA, Terry DP, Murphy C, Zacks R, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Facial emotion recognition and facial affect display in schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2011 Sep; 131(1-3):242-9.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Mulert C, Kirsch V, Whitford TJ, Alvarado J, Pelavin P, McCarley RW, Kubicki M, Salisbury DF, Shenton ME. Hearing voices: a role of interhemispheric auditory connectivity? World J Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Feb; 13(2):153-8.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Choi H, Kubicki M, Whitford TJ, Alvarado JL, Terry DP, Niznikiewicz M, McCarley RW, Kwon JS, Shenton ME. Diffusion tensor imaging of anterior commissural fibers in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2011 Aug; 130(1-3):78-85.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Rathi Y, Kubicki M, Bouix S, Westin CF, Goldstein J, Seidman L, Mesholam-Gately R, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Statistical analysis of fiber bundles using multi-tensor tractography: application to first-episode schizophrenia. Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 May; 29(4):507-15.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Kubicki M, Alvarado JL, Westin CF, Tate DF, Markant D, Terry DP, Whitford TJ, De Siebenthal J, Bouix S, McCarley RW, Kikinis R, Shenton ME. Stochastic tractography study of Inferior Frontal Gyrus anatomical connectivity in schizophrenia. Neuroimage. 2011 Apr 15; 55(4):1657-64.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Rathi Y, Michailovich O, Setsompop K, Bouix S, Shenton ME, Westin CF. Sparse multi-shell diffusion imaging. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2011; 14(Pt 2):58-65.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Spencer KM, Nestor PG, Valdman O, Niznikiewicz MA, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Enhanced facilitation of spatial attention in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology. 2011 Jan; 25(1):76-85.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Wassermann D, Rathi Y, Bouix S, Kubicki M, Kikinis R, Shenton M, Westin CF. White matter bundle registration and population analysis based on Gaussian processes. Inf Process Med Imaging. 2011; 22:320-32.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Koerte I, Pelavin P, Kirmess B, Fuchs T, Berweck S, Laubender RP, Borggraefe I, Schroeder S, Danek A, Rummeny C, Reiser M, Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Ertl-Wagner B, Heinen F. Anisotropy of transcallosal motor fibres indicates functional impairment in children with periventricular leukomalacia. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011 Feb; 53(2):179-86.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Levitt JJ, Kubicki M, Nestor PG, Ersner-Hershfield H, Westin CF, Alvarado JL, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. A diffusion tensor imaging study of the anterior limb of the internal capsule in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res. 2010 Dec 30; 184(3):143-50.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Whitford TJ, Kubicki M, Ghorashi S, Schneiderman JS, Hawley KJ, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Spencer KM. Predicting inter-hemispheric transfer time from the diffusion properties of the corpus callosum in healthy individuals and schizophrenia patients: a combined ERP and DTI study. Neuroimage. 2011 Feb 1; 54(3):2318-29.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Nguyen AD, Shenton ME, Levitt JJ. Olfactory dysfunction in schizophrenia: a review of neuroanatomy and psychophysiological measurements. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2010 Oct; 18(5):279-92.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Whitford TJ, Ford JM, Mathalon DH, Kubicki M, Shenton ME. Schizophrenia, myelination, and delayed corollary discharges: a hypothesis. Schizophr Bull. 2012 May; 38(3):486-94.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Kikinis Z, Fallon JH, Niznikiewicz M, Nestor P, Davidson C, Bobrow L, Pelavin PE, Fischl B, Yendiki A, McCarley RW, Kikinis R, Kubicki M, Shenton ME. Gray matter volume reduction in rostral middle frontal gyrus in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2010 Nov; 123(2-3):153-9.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Malcolm JG, Shenton ME, Rathi Y. Filtered multitensor tractography. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2010 Sep; 29(9):1664-75.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Whitford TJ, Mathalon DH, Shenton ME, Roach BJ, Bammer R, Adcock RA, Bouix S, Kubicki M, De Siebenthal J, Rausch AC, Schneiderman JS, Ford JM. Electrophysiological and diffusion tensor imaging evidence of delayed corollary discharges in patients with schizophrenia. Psychol Med. 2011 May; 41(5):959-69.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Rathi Y, Malcolm JG, Michailovich O, Westin CF, Shenton ME, Bouix S. Tensor kernels for simultaneous fiber model estimation and tractography. Magn Reson Med. 2010 Jul; 64(1):138-48.
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  68. Sampaio A, Sousa N, Férnandez M, Vasconcelos C, Shenton ME, Gonçalves OF. Williams syndrome and memory: a neuroanatomic and cognitive approach. J Autism Dev Disord. 2010 Jul; 40(7):870-7.
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  69. Gooding DC, Coleman MJ, Roberts SA, Shenton ME, Levy DL, Erlenmeyer-Kimling L. Thought disorder in offspring of schizophrenic parents: findings from the New York High-Risk Project. Schizophr Bull. 2012 Mar; 38(2):263-71.
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  70. Whitford TJ, Kubicki M, Schneiderman JS, O'Donnell LJ, King R, Alvarado JL, Khan U, Markant D, Nestor PG, Niznikiewicz M, McCarley RW, Westin CF, Shenton ME. Corpus callosum abnormalities and their association with psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Jul 1; 68(1):70-7.
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  71. Voineskos AN, Rajji TK, Lobaugh NJ, Miranda D, Shenton ME, Kennedy JL, Pollock BG, Mulsant BH. Age-related decline in white matter tract integrity and cognitive performance: a DTI tractography and structural equation modeling study. Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Jan; 33(1):21-34.
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  72. Dickey CC, Morocz IA, Minney D, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, Panych LP, Khan U, Zacks R, Terry DP, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Factors in sensory processing of prosody in schizotypal personality disorder: an fMRI experiment. Schizophr Res. 2010 Aug; 121(1-3):75-89.
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  73. Voineskos AN, Lobaugh NJ, Bouix S, Rajji TK, Miranda D, Kennedy JL, Mulsant BH, Pollock BG, Shenton ME. Diffusion tensor tractography findings in schizophrenia across the adult lifespan. Brain. 2010 May; 133(Pt 5):1494-504.
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  74. Savadjiev P, Rathi Y, Malcolm JG, Shenton ME, Westin CF. A geometry-based particle filtering approach to white matter tractography. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2010; 13(Pt 2):233-40.
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  75. Shenton ME, Whitford TJ, Kubicki M. Structural neuroimaging in schizophrenia: from methods to insights to treatments. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2010; 12(3):317-32.
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  76. Nestor PG, Kubicki M, Nakamura M, Niznikiewicz M, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Comparing prefrontal gray and white matter contributions to intelligence and decision making in schizophrenia and healthy controls. Neuropsychology. 2010 Jan; 24(1):121-9.
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  77. Rathi Y, Malcolm J, Michailovich O, Goldstein J, Seidman L, McCarley RW, Westin CF, Shenton ME. Biomarkers for identifying first-episode schizophrenia patients using diffusion weighted imaging. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2010; 13(Pt 1):657-65.
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  78. Savadjiev P, Kindlmann GL, Bouix S, Shenton ME, Westin CF. Local white matter geometry from diffusion tensor gradients. Neuroimage. 2010 Feb 15; 49(4):3175-86.
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  79. Oh JS, Kubicki M, Rosenberger G, Bouix S, Levitt JJ, McCarley RW, Westin CF, Shenton ME. Thalamo-frontal white matter alterations in chronic schizophrenia: a quantitative diffusion tractography study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2009 Nov; 30(11):3812-25.
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  80. Malcolm JG, Michailovich O, Bouix S, Westin CF, Shenton ME, Rathi Y. A filtered approach to neural tractography using the Watson directional function. Med Image Anal. 2010 Feb; 14(1):58-69.
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  81. Reuter M. Laplace-Beltrami Eigenvalues and Topological Features of Eigenfunctions for Statistical Shape Analysis. Comput Aided Des. 2009 Oct 1; 41(10):739-755.
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  82. Spencer KM, Niznikiewicz MA, Nestor PG, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Left auditory cortex gamma synchronization and auditory hallucination symptoms in schizophrenia. BMC Neurosci. 2009; 10:85.
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  83. Yoshida T, McCarley RW, Nakamura M, Lee K, Koo MS, Bouix S, Salisbury DF, Morra L, Shenton ME, Niznikiewicz MA. A prospective longitudinal volumetric MRI study of superior temporal gyrus gray matter and amygdala-hippocampal complex in chronic schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2009 Aug; 113(1):84-94.
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  84. Voglmaier MM, Seidman LJ, Niznikiewicz MA, Madan A, Dickey CC, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Dichotic listening in schizotypal personality disorder: evidence for gender and laterality effects. Schizophr Res. 2009 Dec; 115(2-3):290-2.
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  85. Onitsuka T, Spencer KM, Lucia LC, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Niznikiewicz MA. Abnormal asymmetry of the face n170 repetition effect in male patients with chronic schizophrenia. Brain Imaging Behav. 2009 Sep; 3(3):240-5.
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  86. Kawashima T, Nakamura M, Bouix S, Kubicki M, Salisbury DF, Westin CF, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Uncinate fasciculus abnormalities in recent onset schizophrenia and affective psychosis: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Schizophr Res. 2009 May; 110(1-3):119-26.
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  87. Levitt JJ, Styner M, Niethammer M, Bouix S, Koo MS, Voglmaier MM, Dickey CC, Niznikiewicz MA, Kikinis R, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Shape abnormalities of caudate nucleus in schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2009 May; 110(1-3):127-39.
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  88. Niznikiewicz MA, Spencer KM, Dickey C, Voglmaier M, Seidman LJ, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Abnormal pitch mismatch negativity in individuals with schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2009 May; 110(1-3):188-93.
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  89. Sabuncu MR, Balci SK, Shenton ME, Golland P. Image-driven population analysis through mixture modeling. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2009 Sep; 28(9):1473-87.
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  90. Rathi Y, Michailovich O, Shenton ME, Bouix S. Directional functions for orientation distribution estimation. Med Image Anal. 2009 Jun; 13(3):432-44.
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  91. Whitfield-Gabrieli S, Thermenos HW, Milanovic S, Tsuang MT, Faraone SV, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Green AI, Nieto-Castanon A, LaViolette P, Wojcik J, Gabrieli JD, Seidman LJ. Hyperactivity and hyperconnectivity of the default network in schizophrenia and in first-degree relatives of persons with schizophrenia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jan 27; 106(4):1279-84.
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  92. Lee K, Yoshida T, Kubicki M, Bouix S, Westin CF, Kindlmann G, Niznikiewicz M, Cohen A, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Increased diffusivity in superior temporal gyrus in patients with schizophrenia: a Diffusion Tensor Imaging study. Schizophr Res. 2009 Mar; 108(1-3):33-40.
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  93. Savadjiev P, Kindlmann G, Bouix S, Shenton ME, Westin CF. Local white matter geometry indices from diffusion tensor gradients. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2009; 12(Pt 1):345-52.
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  94. Malcolm JG, Shenton ME, Rathi Y. Two-tensor tractography using a constrained filter. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2009; 12(Pt 1):894-902.
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  95. Malcolm JG, Shenton ME, Rathi Y. Neural tractography using an unscented Kalman filter. Inf Process Med Imaging. 2009; 21:126-38.
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  96. Voineskos AN, O'Donnell LJ, Lobaugh NJ, Markant D, Ameis SH, Niethammer M, Mulsant BH, Pollock BG, Kennedy JL, Westin CF, Shenton ME. Quantitative examination of a novel clustering method using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor tractography. Neuroimage. 2009 Apr 1; 45(2):370-6.
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  97. Fitzsimmons J, Kubicki M, Smith K, Bushell G, Estepar RS, Westin CF, Nestor PG, Niznikiewicz MA, Kikinis R, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Diffusion tractography of the fornix in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2009 Jan; 107(1):39-46.
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  98. Aja-Fernandez S, Niethammer M, Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Westin CF. Restoration of DWI data using a Rician LMMSE estimator. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2008 Oct; 27(10):1389-403.
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  99. Kubicki M, Styner M, Bouix S, Gerig G, Markant D, Smith K, Kikinis R, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Reduced interhemispheric connectivity in schizophrenia-tractography based segmentation of the corpus callosum. Schizophr Res. 2008 Dec; 106(2-3):125-31.
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  100. Sampaio A, Sousa N, Férnandez M, Vasconcelos C, Shenton ME, Gonçalves OF. MRI assessment of superior temporal gyrus in Williams syndrome. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2008 Sep; 21(3):150-6.
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  101. Koo MS, Levitt JJ, Salisbury DF, Nakamura M, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. A cross-sectional and longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study of cingulate gyrus gray matter volume abnormalities in first-episode schizophrenia and first-episode affective psychosis. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 Jul; 65(7):746-60.
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  102. Dickey CC, Morocz IA, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier M, Toner S, Khan U, Dreusicke M, Yoo SS, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Auditory processing abnormalities in schizotypal personality disorder: an fMRI experiment using tones of deviant pitch and duration. Schizophr Res. 2008 Aug; 103(1-3):26-39.
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  103. Rosenberger G, Kubicki M, Nestor PG, Connor E, Bushell GB, Markant D, Niznikiewicz M, Westin CF, Kikinis R, J Saykin A, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Age-related deficits in fronto-temporal connections in schizophrenia: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Schizophr Res. 2008 Jul; 102(1-3):181-8.
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  104. Spencer KM, Salisbury DF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Gamma-band auditory steady-state responses are impaired in first episode psychosis. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Sep 1; 64(5):369-75.
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  105. McCarley RW, Nakamura M, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF. Combining ERP and structural MRI information in first episode schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2008 Apr; 39(2):57-60.
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  106. Nestor PG, Kubicki M, Niznikiewicz M, Gurrera RJ, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Neuropsychological disturbance in schizophrenia: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Neuropsychology. 2008 Mar; 22(2):246-54.
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  107. Spencer KM, Niznikiewicz MA, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Sensory-evoked gamma oscillations in chronic schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Apr 15; 63(8):744-7.
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  108. Malcolm J, Rathi Y, Shenton ME, Tannenbaum A. Label space: a coupled multi-shape representation. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2008; 11(Pt 2):416-24.
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  109. Maddah M, Kubicki M, Wells WM, Westin CF, Shenton ME, Grimson WE. Findings in schizophrenia by tract-oriented DT-MRI analysis. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2008; 11(Pt 1):917-24.
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  110. Nakamura M, Nestor PG, Levitt JJ, Cohen AS, Kawashima T, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Orbitofrontal volume deficit in schizophrenia and thought disorder. Brain. 2008 Jan; 131(Pt 1):180-95.
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  111. Reuter M, Niethammer M, Wolter FE, Bouix S, Shenton M. Global Medical Shape Analysis Using the Volumetric Laplace Spectrum. Lect Notes Comput Sci. 2007 Oct 24; 2007:417-426.
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  112. AhnAllen CG, Nestor PG, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Niznikiewicz MA. Early nicotine withdrawal and transdermal nicotine effects on neurocognitive performance in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2008 Mar; 100(1-3):261-9.
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  113. Kasai K, Yamasue H, Gilbertson MW, Shenton ME, Rauch SL, Pitman RK. Evidence for acquired pregenual anterior cingulate gray matter loss from a twin study of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Mar 15; 63(6):550-6.
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  114. Pohl KM, Bouix S, Nakamura M, Rohlfing T, McCarley RW, Kikinis R, Grimson WE, Shenton ME, Wells WM. A hierarchical algorithm for MR brain image parcellation. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2007 Sep; 26(9):1201-12.
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  115. Nakamura M, Salisbury DF, Hirayasu Y, Bouix S, Pohl KM, Yoshida T, Koo MS, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Neocortical gray matter volume in first-episode schizophrenia and first-episode affective psychosis: a cross-sectional and longitudinal MRI study. Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Oct 1; 62(7):773-83.
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  116. Pohl KM, Fisher J, Bouix S, Shenton M, McCarley RW, Grimson WE, Kikinis R, Wells WM. Using the logarithm of odds to define a vector space on probabilistic atlases. Med Image Anal. 2007 Oct; 11(5):465-77.
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  117. Gilbertson MW, Williston SK, Paulus LA, Lasko NB, Gurvits TV, Shenton ME, Pitman RK, Orr SP. Configural cue performance in identical twins discordant for posttraumatic stress disorder: theoretical implications for the role of hippocampal function. Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Sep 1; 62(5):513-20.
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  118. Salisbury DF, Kuroki N, Kasai K, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Progressive and interrelated functional and structural evidence of post-onset brain reduction in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007 May; 64(5):521-9.
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  119. Bouix S, Martin-Fernandez M, Ungar L, Nakamura M, Koo MS, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. On evaluating brain tissue classifiers without a ground truth. Neuroimage. 2007 Jul 15; 36(4):1207-24.
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  120. Nestor PG, Kubicki M, Kuroki N, Gurrera RJ, Niznikiewicz M, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Episodic memory and neuroimaging of hippocampus and fornix in chronic schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res. 2007 May 15; 155(1):21-8.
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  121. Onitsuka T, McCarley RW, Kuroki N, Dickey CC, Kubicki M, Demeo SS, Frumin M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Occipital lobe gray matter volume in male patients with chronic schizophrenia: A quantitative MRI study. Schizophr Res. 2007 May; 92(1-3):197-206.
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  122. Nakamura M, Nestor PG, McCarley RW, Levitt JJ, Hsu L, Kawashima T, Niznikiewicz M, Shenton ME. Altered orbitofrontal sulcogyral pattern in schizophrenia. Brain. 2007 Mar; 130(Pt 3):693-707.
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  123. Nestor PG, Onitsuka T, Gurrera RJ, Niznikiewicz M, Frumin M, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Dissociable contributions of MRI volume reductions of superior temporal and fusiform gyri to symptoms and neuropsychology in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2007 Mar; 91(1-3):103-6.
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  124. Niethammer M, Bouix S, Aja-Fernández S, Westin CF, Shenton ME. Outlier rejection for diffusion weighted imaging. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2007; 10(Pt 1):161-8.
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  125. Sabuncu MR, Shenton ME, Golland P. Joint Registration and Clustering of Images. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2007; 10(WS):47-54.
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  126. Cates J, Fletcher PT, Styner M, Shenton M, Whitaker R. Shape modeling and analysis with entropy-based particle systems. Inf Process Med Imaging. 2007; 20:333-45.
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  127. Niethammer M, Reuter M, Wolter FE, Bouix S, Peinecke N, Koo MS, Shenton ME. Global medical shape analysis using the Laplace-Beltrami spectrum. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2007; 10(Pt 1):850-7.
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  128. Balci SK, Golland P, Shenton M, Wells WM. Free-Form B-spline Deformation Model for Groupwise Registration. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2007; 10(WS):23-30.
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  129. Nain D, Styner M, Niethammer M, Levitt JJ, Shenton ME, Gerig G, Bobick A, Tannenbaum A. STATISTICAL SHAPE ANALYSIS OF BRAIN STRUCTURES USING SPHERICAL WAVELETS. Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging. 2007 Apr 1; 4:209-212.
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  130. AhnAllen CG, Nestor PG, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. The role of retrieval inhibition in the associative memory impairment of schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res. 2007 Feb 28; 150(1):43-50.
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  131. Nestor PG, Kubicki M, Spencer KM, Niznikiewicz M, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Attentional networks and cingulum bundle in chronic schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2007 Feb; 90(1-3):308-15.
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  132. Kuroki N, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Hirayasu Y, Onitsuka T, Ersner-Hershfield H, Yurgelun-Todd D, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Middle and inferior temporal gyrus gray matter volume abnormalities in first-episode schizophrenia: an MRI study. Am J Psychiatry. 2006 Dec; 163(12):2103-10.
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  133. Gurrera RJ, Nakamura M, Kubicki M, Dickey CC, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Westin CF, Maier SE, Seidman LJ. The uncinate fasciculus and extraversion in schizotypal personality disorder: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Schizophr Res. 2007 Feb; 90(1-3):360-2.
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  134. Levitt JJ, Chen QC, May FS, Gilbertson MW, Shenton ME, Pitman RK. Volume of cerebellar vermis in monozygotic twins discordant for combat exposure: lack of relationship to post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2006 Dec 1; 148(2-3):143-9.
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  135. Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Xu ML, Seidman LJ, Voglmaier MM, Niznikiewicz MA, Connor E, Shenton ME. MRI abnormalities of the hippocampus and cavum septi pellucidi in females with schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2007 Jan; 89(1-3):49-58.
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  136. Haidar H, Bouix S, Levitt JJ, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Soul JS. Characterizing the shape of anatomical structures with Poisson's equation. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2006 Oct; 25(10):1249-57.
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  137. Koo MS, Dickey CC, Park HJ, Kubicki M, Ji NY, Bouix S, Pohl KM, Levitt JJ, Nakamura M, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Smaller neocortical gray matter and larger sulcal cerebrospinal fluid volumes in neuroleptic-naive women with schizotypal personality disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 Oct; 63(10):1090-100.
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  138. Pitman RK, Gilbertson MW, Gurvits TV, May FS, Lasko NB, Metzger LJ, Shenton ME, Yehuda R, Orr SP. Clarifying the origin of biological abnormalities in PTSD through the study of identical twins discordant for combat exposure. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Jul; 1071:242-54.
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  139. O'Donnell LJ, Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Dreusicke MH, Grimson WE, Westin CF. A method for clustering white matter fiber tracts. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006 May; 27(5):1032-6.
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  140. Onitsuka T, Niznikiewicz MA, Spencer KM, Frumin M, Kuroki N, Lucia LC, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Functional and structural deficits in brain regions subserving face perception in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2006 Mar; 163(3):455-62.
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  141. Koo MS, Levitt JJ, McCarley RW, Seidman LJ, Dickey CC, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, Zamani P, Long KR, Kim SS, Shenton ME. Reduction of caudate nucleus volumes in neuroleptic-naïve female subjects with schizotypal personality disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Jul 1; 60(1):40-8.
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  142. Kuroki N, Kubicki M, Nestor PG, Salisbury DF, Park HJ, Levitt JJ, Woolston S, Frumin M, Niznikiewicz M, Westin CF, Maier SE, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Fornix integrity and hippocampal volume in male schizophrenic patients. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Jul 1; 60(1):22-31.
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  143. Niethammer M, Estepar RS, Bouix S, Shenton M, Westin CF. On diffusion tensor estimation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2006; Suppl:6707-10.
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  144. Niethammer M, Bouix S, Westin CF, Shenton ME. Fiber bundle estimation and parameterization. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2006; 9(Pt 2):252-9.
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  145. Pohl KM, Fisher J, Shenton M, McCarley RW, Grimson WE, Kikinis R, Wells WM. Logarithm odds maps for shape representation. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2006; 9(Pt 2):955-63.
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  146. Niethammer M, San Jose Estepar R, Bouix S, Shenton M, Westin CF. On diffusion tensor estimation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2006; 1:2622-5.
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  147. San José Estépar R, Kubicki M, Shenton M, Westin CF. A kernel-based approach for user-guided fiber bundling using diffusion tensor data. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2006; 1:2626-9.
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  148. Nestor PG, Valdman O, Niznikiewicz M, Spencer K, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Word priming in schizophrenia: associational and semantic influences. Schizophr Res. 2006 Feb 28; 82(2-3):139-42.
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  149. Kubicki M, Westin CF, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. The application of DTI to investigate white matter abnormalities in schizophrenia. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Dec; 1064:134-48.
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  150. Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, Seidman LJ, Kim S, Shenton ME. Clinical, cognitive, and social characteristics of a sample of neuroleptic-naive persons with schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2005 Oct 15; 78(2-3):297-308.
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  151. Gurrera RJ, Dickey CC, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. The five-factor model in schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2005 Dec 15; 80(2-3):243-51.
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  152. Nierenberg J, Salisbury DF, Levitt JJ, David EA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Reduced left angular gyrus volume in first-episode schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Aug; 162(8):1539-41.
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  153. Kubicki M, Park H, Westin CF, Nestor PG, Mulkern RV, Maier SE, Niznikiewicz M, Connor EE, Levitt JJ, Frumin M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. DTI and MTR abnormalities in schizophrenia: analysis of white matter integrity. Neuroimage. 2005 Jul 15; 26(4):1109-18.
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  154. Kubicki M, McCarley R, Westin CF, Park HJ, Maier S, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. A review of diffusion tensor imaging studies in schizophrenia. J Psychiatr Res. 2007 Jan-Feb; 41(1-2):15-30.
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  155. Nakamura M, McCarley RW, Kubicki M, Dickey CC, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, Seidman LJ, Maier SE, Westin CF, Kikinis R, Shenton ME. Fronto-temporal disconnectivity in schizotypal personality disorder: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Sep 15; 58(6):468-78.
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  156. Nestor PG, Piech R, Allen C, Niznikiewicz M, Shenton M, McCarley RW. Retrieval-induced forgetting in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2005 Jun 15; 75(2-3):199-209.
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  157. Voglmaier MM, Seidman LJ, Niznikiewicz MA, Dickey CC, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. A comparative profile analysis of neuropsychological function in men and women with schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2005 Apr 1; 74(1):43-9.
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  158. Kubicki M, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Evidence for white matter abnormalities in schizophrenia. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2005 Mar; 18(2):121-34.
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  159. Onitsuka T, Nestor PG, Gurrera RJ, Shenton ME, Kasai K, Frumin M, Niznikiewicz MA, McCarley RW. Association between reduced extraversion and right posterior fusiform gyrus gray matter reduction in chronic schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Mar; 162(3):599-601.
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  160. Golland P, Grimson WE, Shenton ME, Kikinis R. Detection and analysis of statistical differences in anatomical shape. Med Image Anal. 2005 Feb; 9(1):69-86.
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  161. Martin-Fernandez M, Bouix S, Ungar L, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Two methods for validating brain tissue classifiers. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2005; 8(Pt 1):515-22.
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  162. Wiegand LC, Warfield SK, Levitt JJ, Hirayasu Y, Salisbury DF, Heckers S, Bouix S, Schwartz D, Spencer M, Dickey CC, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. An in vivo MRI study of prefrontal cortical complexity in first-episode psychosis. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Jan; 162(1):65-70.
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  163. Pohl KM, Fisher J, Levitt JJ, Shenton ME, Kikinis R, Grimson WE, Wells WM. A unifying approach to registration, segmentation, and intensity correction. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2005; 8(Pt 1):310-8.
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  164. Dickey CC, Salisbury DF, Nagy AI, Hirayasu Y, Lee CU, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Follow-up MRI study of prefrontal volumes in first-episode psychotic patients. Schizophr Res. 2004 Dec 1; 71(2-3):349-51.
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  165. Spencer KM, Nestor PG, Perlmutter R, Niznikiewicz MA, Klump MC, Frumin M, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Neural synchrony indexes disordered perception and cognition in schizophrenia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Dec 7; 101(49):17288-93.
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  166. Kasai K, McCarley RW, Salisbury DF, Onitsuka T, Demeo S, Yurgelun-Todd D, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Cavum septi pellucidi in first-episode schizophrenia and first-episode affective psychosis: an MRI study. Schizophr Res. 2004 Nov 1; 71(1):65-76.
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  167. Nestor PG, Kubicki M, Gurrera RJ, Niznikiewicz M, Frumin M, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Neuropsychological correlates of diffusion tensor imaging in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology. 2004 Oct; 18(4):629-37.
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  168. Brun A, Knutsson H, Park HJ, Shenton ME, Westin CF. Clustering Fiber Traces Using Normalized Cuts. Lect Notes Comput Sci. 2004 Sep 2; 3216/2004(3216):368-375.
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  169. Onitsuka T, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Dickey CC, Kasai K, Toner SK, Frumin M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Middle and inferior temporal gyrus gray matter volume abnormalities in chronic schizophrenia: an MRI study. Am J Psychiatry. 2004 Sep; 161(9):1603-11.
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  170. Park HJ, Westin CF, Kubicki M, Maier SE, Niznikiewicz M, Baer A, Frumin M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. White matter hemisphere asymmetries in healthy subjects and in schizophrenia: a diffusion tensor MRI study. Neuroimage. 2004 Sep; 23(1):213-23.
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  171. Park HJ, Kubicki M, Westin CF, Talos IF, Brun A, Peiper S, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Method for combining information from white matter fiber tracking and gray matter parcellation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004 Sep; 25(8):1318-24.
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  172. Park HJ, Levitt J, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Kubicki M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. An MRI study of spatial probability brain map differences between first-episode schizophrenia and normal controls. Neuroimage. 2004 Jul; 22(3):1231-46.
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  173. Salisbury DF, Griggs CB, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. The NoGo P300 'anteriorization' effect and response inhibition. Clin Neurophysiol. 2004 Jul; 115(7):1550-8.
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  174. Niznikiewicz MA, Friedman M, Shenton ME, Voglmaier M, Nestor PG, Frumin M, Seidman L, Sutton J, McCarley RW. Processing sentence context in women with schizotypal personality disorder: an ERP study. Psychophysiology. 2004 May; 41(3):367-71.
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  175. May FS, Chen QC, Gilbertson MW, Shenton ME, Pitman RK. Cavum septum pellucidum in monozygotic twins discordant for combat exposure: relationship to posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Mar 15; 55(6):656-8.
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  176. Kubicki M, Maier SE, Westin CF, Mamata H, Ersner-Hershfield H, Estepar R, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Comparison of single-shot echo-planar and line scan protocols for diffusion tensor imaging. Acad Radiol. 2004 Feb; 11(2):224-32.
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  177. Wiegand LC, Warfield SK, Levitt JJ, Hirayasu Y, Salisbury DF, Heckers S, Dickey CC, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Prefrontal cortical thickness in first-episode psychosis: a magnetic resonance imaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Jan 15; 55(2):131-40.
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  178. Levitt JJ, Westin CF, Nestor PG, Estepar RS, Dickey CC, Voglmaier MM, Seidman LJ, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Shape of caudate nucleus and its cognitive correlates in neuroleptic-naive schizotypal personality disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Jan 15; 55(2):177-84.
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  179. Haidar H, Bouix S, Levitt J, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Soul JS. An elliptic PDE approach for shape characterization. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2004; 2:1521-4.
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  180. Park HJ, Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Guimond A, McCarley RW, Maier SE, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Westin CF. Spatial normalization of diffusion tensor MRI using multiple channels. Neuroimage. 2003 Dec; 20(4):1995-2009.
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  181. Kubicki M, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Huh T, Kikinis R, Shenton ME, Wible CG. An fMRI study of semantic processing in men with schizophrenia. Neuroimage. 2003 Dec; 20(4):1923-33.
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  182. Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Voglmaier MM, Niznikiewicz MA, Seidman LJ, Demeo S, Frumin M, Shenton ME. An MRI study of superior temporal gyrus volume in women with schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Dec; 160(12):2198-201.
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  183. Kubicki M, Westin CF, Nestor PG, Wible CG, Frumin M, Maier SE, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Cingulate fasciculus integrity disruption in schizophrenia: a magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Dec 1; 54(11):1171-80.
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  184. Akdag SJ, Nestor PG, O'Donnell BF, Niznikiewicz MA, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. The startle reflex in schizophrenia: habituation and personality correlates. Schizophr Res. 2003 Nov 15; 64(2-3):165-73.
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  185. Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Voglmaier MM, Niznikiewicz MA, Seidman LJ, Frumin M, Toner S, Demeo S, Shenton ME. A MRI study of fusiform gyrus in schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophr Res. 2003 Nov 1; 64(1):35-9.
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  186. Kasai K, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Onitsuka T, Toner SK, Yurgelun-Todd D, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Differences and similarities in insular and temporal pole MRI gray matter volume abnormalities in first-episode schizophrenia and affective psychosis. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003 Nov; 60(11):1069-77.
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  187. Spencer KM, Nestor PG, Niznikiewicz MA, Salisbury DF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Abnormal neural synchrony in schizophrenia. J Neurosci. 2003 Aug 13; 23(19):7407-11.
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  188. Kasai K, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Hirayasu Y, Onitsuka T, Spencer MH, Yurgelun-Todd DA, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Progressive decrease of left Heschl gyrus and planum temporale gray matter volume in first-episode schizophrenia: a longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003 Aug; 60(8):766-75.
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  189. Han SD, Nestor PG, Shenton ME, Niznikiewicz M, Hannah G, McCarley RW. Associative memory in chronic schizophrenia: a computational model. Schizophr Res. 2003 Jun 1; 61(2-3):255-63.
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  190. Onitsuka T, Shenton ME, Kasai K, Nestor PG, Toner SK, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Fusiform gyrus volume reduction and facial recognition in chronic schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003 Apr; 60(4):349-55.
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  191. Kasai K, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Hirayasu Y, Lee CU, Ciszewski AA, Yurgelun-Todd D, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Progressive decrease of left superior temporal gyrus gray matter volume in patients with first-episode schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Jan; 160(1):156-64.
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  192. Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Hirayasu Y, Kasai K, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Voxel-based morphometric analysis of gray matter in first episode schizophrenia. Neuroimage. 2002 Dec; 17(4):1711-9.
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  193. Anderson JE, Wible CG, McCarley RW, Jakab M, Kasai K, Shenton ME. An MRI study of temporal lobe abnormalities and negative symptoms in chronic schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2002 Dec 1; 58(2-3):123-34.
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  194. Kubicki M, Westin CF, Maier SE, Mamata H, Frumin M, Ersner-Hershfield H, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley R, Shenton ME. Diffusion tensor imaging and its application to neuropsychiatric disorders. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2002 Nov-Dec; 10(6):324-36.
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  195. O'Donnell BF, Potts GF, Nestor PG, Stylianopoulos KC, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Spatial frequency discrimination in schizophrenia. J Abnorm Psychol. 2002 Nov; 111(4):620-5.
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  196. Gilbertson MW, Shenton ME, Ciszewski A, Kasai K, Lasko NB, Orr SP, Pitman RK. Smaller hippocampal volume predicts pathologic vulnerability to psychological trauma. Nat Neurosci. 2002 Nov; 5(11):1242-7.
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  197. Niznikiewicz MA, Shenton ME, Voglmaier M, Nestor PG, Dickey CC, Frumin M, Seidman LJ, Allen CG, McCarley RW. Semantic dysfunction in women with schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2002 Oct; 159(10):1767-74.
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  198. Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Voglmaier MM, Frumin M, Niznikiewicz MA, Hirayasu Y, Fraone S, Seidman LJ, Shenton ME. Smaller left Heschl's gyrus volume in patients with schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2002 Sep; 159(9):1521-7.
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  199. Lee CU, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Kasai K, Onitsuka T, Dickey CC, Yurgelun-Todd D, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Fusiform gyrus volume reduction in first-episode schizophrenia: a magnetic resonance imaging study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002 Sep; 59(9):775-81.
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  200. McInerney T, Hamarneh G, Shenton M, Terzopoulos D. Deformable organisms for automatic medical image analysis. Med Image Anal. 2002 Sep; 6(3):251-66.
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  201. Shenton ME, Gerig G, McCarley RW, Székely G, Kikinis R. Amygdala-hippocampal shape differences in schizophrenia: the application of 3D shape models to volumetric MR data. Psychiatry Res. 2002 Aug 20; 115(1-2):15-35.
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  202. Salisbury DF, Shenton ME, Griggs CB, Bonner-Jackson A, McCarley RW. Mismatch negativity in chronic schizophrenia and first-episode schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002 Aug; 59(8):686-94.
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  203. Levitt JJ, McCarley RW, Dickey CC, Voglmaier MM, Niznikiewicz MA, Seidman LJ, Hirayasu Y, Ciszewski AA, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. MRI study of caudate nucleus volume and its cognitive correlates in neuroleptic-naive patients with schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2002 Jul; 159(7):1190-7.
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  204. Frumin M, Golland P, Kikinis R, Hirayasu Y, Salisbury DF, Hennen J, Dickey CC, Anderson M, Jolesz FA, Grimson WE, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Shape differences in the corpus callosum in first-episode schizophrenia and first-episode psychotic affective disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2002 May; 159(5):866-8.
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  205. Kubicki M, Westin CF, Maier SE, Frumin M, Nestor PG, Salisbury DF, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Uncinate fasciculus findings in schizophrenia: a magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging study. Am J Psychiatry. 2002 May; 159(5):813-20.
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  206. McCarley RW, Salisbury DF, Hirayasu Y, Yurgelun-Todd DA, Tohen M, Zarate C, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Association between smaller left posterior superior temporal gyrus volume on magnetic resonance imaging and smaller left temporal P300 amplitude in first-episode schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002 Apr; 59(4):321-31.
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  207. Salisbury DF, Shenton ME, Nestor PG, McCarley RW. Semantic bias, homograph comprehension, and event-related potentials in schizophrenia. Clin Neurophysiol. 2002 Mar; 113(3):383-95.
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  208. Mamata H, Mamata Y, Westin CF, Shenton ME, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Maier SE. High-resolution line scan diffusion tensor MR imaging of white matter fiber tract anatomy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 Jan; 23(1):67-75.
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  209. Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. The brain in schizotypal personality disorder: a review of structural MRI and CT findings. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2002 Jan-Feb; 10(1):1-15.
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  210. Nestor PG, O'Donnell BF, McCarley RW, Niznikiewicz M, Barnard J, Jen Shen Z, Bookstein FL, Shenton ME. A new statistical method for testing hypotheses of neuropsychological/MRI relationships in schizophrenia: partial least squares analysis. Schizophr Res. 2002 Jan 1; 53(1-2):57-66.
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  211. Salisbury DF, Desantis MA, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. The effect of background noise on P300 to suprathreshold stimuli. Psychophysiology. 2002 Jan; 39(1):111-5.
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  212. Wible CG, Anderson J, Shenton ME, Kricun A, Hirayasu Y, Tanaka S, Levitt JJ, O'Donnell BF, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Prefrontal cortex, negative symptoms, and schizophrenia: an MRI study. Psychiatry Res. 2001 Nov 30; 108(2):65-78.
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  213. Gugino LD, Romero JR, Aglio L, Titone D, Ramirez M, Pascual-Leone A, Grimson E, Weisenfeld N, Kikinis R, Shenton ME. Transcranial magnetic stimulation coregistered with MRI: a comparison of a guided versus blind stimulation technique and its effect on evoked compound muscle action potentials. Clin Neurophysiol. 2001 Oct; 112(10):1781-92.
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  214. Salisbury DF, Rutherford B, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Button-pressing affects P300 amplitude and scalp topography. Clin Neurophysiol. 2001 Sep; 112(9):1676-84.
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  215. Bonne O, Brandes D, Gilboa A, Gomori JM, Shenton ME, Pitman RK, Shalev AY. Longitudinal MRI study of hippocampal volume in trauma survivors with PTSD. Am J Psychiatry. 2001 Aug; 158(8):1248-51.
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  216. Nestor PG, Han SD, Niznikiewicz M, Salisbury D, Spencer K, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Semantic disturbance in schizophrenia and its relationship to the cognitive neuroscience of attention. Biol Psychol. 2001 Jul-Aug; 57(1-3):23-46.
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  217. Wible CG, Kubicki M, Yoo SS, Kacher DF, Salisbury DF, Anderson MC, Shenton ME, Hirayasu Y, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of auditory mismatch in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2001 Jun; 158(6):938-43.
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  218. Shenton ME, Dickey CC, Frumin M, McCarley RW. A review of MRI findings in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2001 Apr 15; 49(1-2):1-52.
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  219. Hirayasu Y, Tanaka S, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, DeSantis MA, Levitt JJ, Wible C, Yurgelun-Todd D, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Prefrontal gray matter volume reduction in first episode schizophrenia. Cereb Cortex. 2001 Apr; 11(4):374-81.
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  220. Zahajszky J, Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Fischer IA, Nestor P, Kikinis R, Shenton ME. A quantitative MR measure of the fornix in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2001 Jan 15; 47(1):87-97.
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  221. Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, Shenton ME, Dickey CC, Seidman LJ, Teh E, Van Rhoads R, McCarley RW. Lateralized P3 deficit in schizotypal personality disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2000 Oct 1; 48(7):702-5.
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  222. Salisbury DF, O'Donnell BF, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Shenton ME. Event-related potentials elicited during a context-free homograph task in normal versus schizophrenic subjects. Psychophysiology. 2000 Jul; 37(4):456-63.
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  223. Hirayasu Y, McCarley RW, Salisbury DF, Tanaka S, Kwon JS, Frumin M, Snyderman D, Yurgelun-Todd D, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Planum temporale and Heschl gyrus volume reduction in schizophrenia: a magnetic resonance imaging study of first-episode patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000 Jul; 57(7):692-9.
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  224. Hirayasu Y, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, McCarley RW. Hippocampal and superior temporal gyrus volume in first-episode schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000 Jun; 57(6):618-9.
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  225. Voglmaier MM, Seidman LJ, Niznikiewicz MA, Dickey CC, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Verbal and nonverbal neuropsychological test performance in subjects with schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2000 May; 157(5):787-93.
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  226. Farmer CM, O'Donnell BF, Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier MM, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Visual perception and working memory in schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2000 May; 157(5):781-8.
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  227. Niznikiewicz M, Donnino R, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Iosifescu DV, O'Donnell B, Levitt J, Shenton ME. Abnormal angular gyrus asymmetry in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2000 Mar; 157(3):428-37.
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  228. Dickey CC, Shenton ME, Hirayasu Y, Fischer I, Voglmaier MM, Niznikiewicz MA, Seidman LJ, Fraone S, McCarley RW. Large CSF volume not attributable to ventricular volume in schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2000 Jan; 157(1):48-54.
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  229. Kwon JS, O'Donnell BF, Wallenstein GV, Greene RW, Hirayasu Y, Nestor PG, Hasselmo ME, Potts GF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Gamma frequency-range abnormalities to auditory stimulation in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999 Nov; 56(11):1001-5.
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  230. Holinger DP, Shenton ME, Wible CG, Donnino R, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Superior temporal gyrus volume abnormalities and thought disorder in left-handed schizophrenic men. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Nov; 156(11):1730-5.
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  231. Levitt JJ, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Petrescu C, Donnino R, Hirayasu Y, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Quantitative volumetric MRI study of the cerebellum and vermis in schizophrenia: clinical and cognitive correlates. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Jul; 156(7):1105-7.
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  232. Niznikiewicz MA, Voglmaier M, Shenton ME, Seidman LJ, Dickey CC, Rhoads R, Teh E, McCarley RW. Electrophysiological correlates of language processing in schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Jul; 156(7):1052-8.
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  233. Hirayasu Y, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Kwon JS, Wible CG, Fischer IA, Yurgelun-Todd D, Zarate C, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Subgenual cingulate cortex volume in first-episode psychosis. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Jul; 156(7):1091-3.
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  234. Dickey CC, McCarley RW, Voglmaier MM, Niznikiewicz MA, Seidman LJ, Hirayasu Y, Fischer I, Teh EK, Van Rhoads R, Jakab M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Schizotypal personality disorder and MRI abnormalities of temporal lobe gray matter. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Jun 1; 45(11):1393-402.
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  235. McCarley RW, Wible CG, Frumin M, Hirayasu Y, Levitt JJ, Fischer IA, Shenton ME. MRI anatomy of schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 May 1; 45(9):1099-119.
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  236. O'Donnell BF, McCarley RW, Potts GF, Salisbury DF, Nestor PG, Hirayasu Y, Niznikiewicz MA, Barnard J, Shen ZJ, Weinstein DM, Bookstein FL, Shenton ME. Identification of neural circuits underlying P300 abnormalities in schizophrenia. Psychophysiology. 1999 May; 36(3):388-98.
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  237. Kwon JS, McCarley RW, Hirayasu Y, Anderson JE, Fischer IA, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Left planum temporale volume reduction in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999 Feb; 56(2):142-8.
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  238. McCarley RW, Niznikiewicz MA, Salisbury DF, Nestor PG, O'Donnell BF, Hirayasu Y, Grunze H, Greene RW, Shenton ME. Cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia: unifying basic research and clinical aspects. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1999; 249 Suppl 4:69-82.
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  239. Golland P, Kikinis R, Halle M, Umans C, Grimson WE, Shenton ME, Richolt JA. AnatomyBrowser: A novel approach to visualization and integration of medical information. Comput Aided Surg. 1999; 4(3):129-43.
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  240. Salisbury DF, O'donnell BF, Nestor PG, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Multimodal imaging in psychiatry: the electroencephalogram as a complement to other modalities. CNS Spectr. 1999; 4(8):44-57.
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  241. Salisbury DF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. P300 topography differs in schizophrenia and manic psychosis. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Jan 1; 45(1):98-106.
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  242. Nestor PG, Akdag SJ, O'Donnell BF, Niznikiewicz M, Law S, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Word recall in schizophrenia: a connectionist model. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Dec; 155(12):1685-90.
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  243. Potts GF, Hirayasu Y, O'Donnell BF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. High-density recording and topographic analysis of the auditory oddball event-related potential in patients with schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 Nov 15; 44(10):982-9.
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  244. Hirayasu Y, Shenton ME, Salisbury DF, Dickey CC, Fischer IA, Mazzoni P, Kisler T, Arakaki H, Kwon JS, Anderson JE, Yurgelun-Todd D, Tohen M, McCarley RW. Lower left temporal lobe MRI volumes in patients with first-episode schizophrenia compared with psychotic patients with first-episode affective disorder and normal subjects. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Oct; 155(10):1384-91.
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  245. Hirayasu Y, Potts GF, O'Donnell BF, Kwon JS, Arakaki H, Akdag SJ, Levitt JJ, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Auditory mismatch negativity in schizophrenia: topographic evaluation with a high-density recording montage. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Sep; 155(9):1281-4.
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  246. Potts GF, Gugino LD, Leventon ME, Grimson WE, Kikinis R, Cote W, Alexander E, Anderson JE, Ettinger GJ, Aglio LS, Shenton ME. Visual hemifield mapping using transcranial magnetic stimulation coregistered with cortical surfaces derived from magnetic resonance images. J Clin Neurophysiol. 1998 Jul; 15(4):344-50.
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  247. Ettinger GJ, Leventon ME, Grimson WE, Kikinis R, Gugino L, Cote W, Sprung L, Aglio L, Shenton ME, Potts G, Hernandez VL, Alexander E. Experimentation with a transcranial magnetic stimulation system for functional brain mapping. Med Image Anal. 1998 Jun; 2(2):133-42.
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  248. Anderson JE, O'Donnell BF, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Progressive changes in schizophrenia: do they exist and what do they mean? Restor Neurol Neurosci. 1998 Jun; 12(2-3):175-84.
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  249. Portas CM, Goldstein JM, Shenton ME, Hokama HH, Wible CG, Fischer I, Kikinis R, Donnino R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Volumetric evaluation of the thalamus in schizophrenic male patients using magnetic resonance imaging. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 May 1; 43(9):649-59.
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  250. Kwon JS, Shenton ME, Hirayasu Y, Salisbury DF, Fischer IA, Dickey CC, Yurgelun-Todd D, Tohen M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. MRI study of cavum septi pellucidi in schizophrenia, affective disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Apr; 155(4):509-15.
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  251. Nestor PG, Shenton ME, Wible C, Hokama H, O'Donnell BF, Law S, McCarley RW. A neuropsychological analysis of schizophrenic thought disorder. Schizophr Res. 1998 Feb 9; 29(3):217-25.
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  252. Salisbury DF, Shenton ME, Sherwood AR, Fischer IA, Yurgelun-Todd DA, Tohen M, McCarley RW. First-episode schizophrenic psychosis differs from first-episode affective psychosis and controls in P300 amplitude over left temporal lobe. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998 Feb; 55(2):173-80.
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  253. Wible CG, Shenton ME, Fischer IA, Allard JE, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Iosifescu DV, McCarley RW. Parcellation of the human prefrontal cortex using MRI. Psychiatry Res. 1997 Nov 28; 76(1):29-40.
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  254. Iosifescu DV, Shenton ME, Warfield SK, Kikinis R, Dengler J, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. An automated registration algorithm for measuring MRI subcortical brain structures. Neuroimage. 1997 Jul; 6(1):13-25.
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  255. Nestor PG, Kimble MO, O'Donnell BF, Smith L, Niznikiewicz M, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Aberrant semantic activation in schizophrenia: a neurophysiological study. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 May; 154(5):640-6.
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  256. Niznikiewicz MA, O'Donnell BF, Nestor PG, Smith L, Law S, Karapelou M, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. ERP assessment of visual and auditory language processing in schizophrenia. J Abnorm Psychol. 1997 Feb; 106(1):85-94.
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  257. Gurvits TV, Shenton ME, Hokama H, Ohta H, Lasko NB, Gilbertson MW, Orr SP, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Pitman RK. Magnetic resonance imaging study of hippocampal volume in chronic, combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1996 Dec 1; 40(11):1091-9.
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  258. Levitt JJ, O'Donnell BF, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Shenton ME. Correlations of premorbid adjustment in schizophrenia with auditory event-related potential and neuropsychological abnormalities. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Oct; 153(10):1347-9.
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  259. O'Donnell BF, Swearer JM, Smith LT, Nestor PG, Shenton ME, McCarley RW. Selective deficits in visual perception and recognition in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 May; 153(5):687-92.
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  260. Hokama H, Shenton ME, Nestor PG, Kikinis R, Levitt JJ, Metcalf D, Wible CG, O'Donnell BF, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus volume in schizophrenia: a quantitative MRI study. Psychiatry Res. 1995 Nov 10; 61(4):209-29.
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  261. O'Donnell BF, Faux SF, McCarley RW, Kimble MO, Salisbury DF, Nestor PG, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Shenton ME. Increased rate of P300 latency prolongation with age in schizophrenia. Electrophysiological evidence for a neurodegenerative process. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995 Jul; 52(7):544-9.
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  262. Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Tamminga CA. Cortex, IX. Heschl's gyrus and the planum temporale. Am J Psychiatry. 1995 Jul; 152(7):966.
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  263. Wible CG, Shenton ME, Hokama H, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Metcalf D, McCarley RW. Prefrontal cortex and schizophrenia. A quantitative magnetic resonance imaging study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995 Apr; 52(4):279-88.
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  264. O'Donnell BF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Faux SF, Kikinis R, Nestor PG, Jolesz FA. Conjoint left asymmetry of auditory P300 voltage and MRI volume of posterior superior temporal gyrus in schizophrenia: a quantitative evaluation. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol Suppl. 1995; 44:387-94.
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  265. Salisbury DF, O'Donnell BF, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Benavage A. The N2 event-related potential reflects attention deficit in schizophrenia. Biol Psychol. 1994 Dec; 39(1):1-13.
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  266. Kikinis R, Shenton ME, Gerig G, Hokama H, Haimson J, O'Donnell BF, Wible CG, McCarley RW, Jolesz FA. Temporal lobe sulco-gyral pattern anomalies in schizophrenia: an in vivo MR three-dimensional surface rendering study. Neurosci Lett. 1994 Nov 21; 182(1):7-12.
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  267. O'Donnell BF, Hokama H, McCarley RW, Smith RS, Salisbury DF, Mondrow E, Nestor PG, Shenton ME. Auditory ERPs to non-target stimuli in schizophrenia: relationship to probability, task-demands, and target ERPs. Int J Psychophysiol. 1994 Aug; 17(3):219-31.
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  268. McCarley RW, Shenton ME, O'Donnell BF, Nestor PG. Neural circuits in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1994 Jul; 51(7):515-6.
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  269. Levitt JJ, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Faux SF, Ludwig AS. Premorbid adjustment in schizophrenia: implications for psychosocial and ventricular pathology. Schizophr Res. 1994 May; 12(2):159-68.
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  270. Nestor PG, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Haimson J, Smith RS, O'Donnell B, Kimble M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA. Neuropsychological correlates of MRI temporal lobe abnormalities in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1993 Dec; 150(12):1849-55.
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  271. O'Donnell BF, Cohen RA, Hokama H, Cuffin BN, Lippa C, Shenton ME, Drachman DA. Electrical source analysis of auditory ERPs in medial temporal lobe amnestic syndrome. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1993 Dec; 87(6):394-402.
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  272. Adams J, Faux SF, Nestor PG, Shenton M, Marcy B, Smith S, McCarley RW. ERP abnormalities during semantic processing in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 1993 Oct; 10(3):247-57.
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  273. Shenton ME, O'Donnell BF, Nestor PG, Wible CG, Kikinis R, Faux SF, Pollak SD, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW. Temporal lobe abnormalities in a patient with schizophrenia who has word-finding difficulty: use of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging and auditory P300 event-related potentials. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 1993 Jul-Aug; 1(2):110-7.
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  274. O'Donnell BF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Faux SF, Smith RS, Salisbury DF, Nestor PG, Pollak SD, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA. The auditory N2 component in schizophrenia: relationship to MRI temporal lobe gray matter and to other ERP abnormalities. Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Jul 1-15; 34(1-2):26-40.
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  275. McCarley RW, Shenton ME, O'Donnell BF, Nestor PG. Uniting Kraepelin and Bleuler: the psychology of schizophrenia and the biology of temporal lobe abnormalities. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 1993 May-Jun; 1(1):36-56.
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  276. McCarley RW, Shenton ME, O'Donnell BF, Faux SF, Kikinis R, Nestor PG, Jolesz FA. Auditory P300 abnormalities and left posterior superior temporal gyrus volume reduction in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1993 Mar; 50(3):190-7.
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  277. Faux SF, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Shenton ME, Pollak SD, Penhune V, Mondrow E, Marcy B, Peterson A, Horvath T, et al. P300 topographic asymmetries are present in unmedicated schizophrenics. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1993 Jan-Feb; 88(1):32-41.
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  278. Kikinis R, Shenton ME, Gerig G, Martin J, Anderson M, Metcalf D, Guttmann CR, McCarley RW, Lorensen W, Cline H, et al. Routine quantitative analysis of brain and cerebrospinal fluid spaces with MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1992 Nov-Dec; 2(6):619-29.
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  279. Holinger DP, Faux SF, Shenton ME, Sokol NS, Seidman LJ, Green AI, McCarley RW. Reversed temporal region asymmetries of P300 topography in left- and right-handed schizophrenic subjects. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1992 Nov-Dec; 84(6):532-7.
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  280. Nestor PG, Faux SF, McCarley RW, Penhune V, Shenton ME, Pollak S, Sands SF. Attentional cues in chronic schizophrenia: abnormal disengagement of attention. J Abnorm Psychol. 1992 Nov; 101(4):682-9.
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  281. Shenton ME, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Pollak SD, LeMay M, Wible CG, Hokama H, Martin J, Metcalf D, Coleman M, et al. Abnormalities of the left temporal lobe and thought disorder in schizophrenia. A quantitative magnetic resonance imaging study. N Engl J Med. 1992 Aug 27; 327(9):604-12.
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  282. Shenton ME, Kikinis R, McCarley RW, Metcalf D, Tieman J, Jolesz FA. Application of automated MRI volumetric measurement techniques to the ventricular system in schizophrenics and normal controls. Schizophr Res. 1991 Sep; 5(2):103-13.
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  283. McCarley RW, Faux SF, Shenton ME, Nestor PG, Holinger DP. Is there P300 asymmetry in schizophrenia? Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1991 Apr; 48(4):380-3.
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  284. McCarley RW, Faux SF, Shenton ME, Nestor PG, Adams J. Event-related potentials in schizophrenia: their biological and clinical correlates and a new model of schizophrenic pathophysiology. Schizophr Res. 1991 Mar-Apr; 4(2):209-31.
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  285. Nestor PG, Faux SF, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Sands SF. Measurement of visual sustained attention in schizophrenia using signal detection analysis and a newly developed computerized CPT task. Schizophr Res. 1990 Oct-Dec; 3(5-6):329-32.
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  286. Faux SF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Nestor PG, Marcy B, Ludwig A. Preservation of P300 event-related potential topographic asymmetries in schizophrenia with use of either linked-ear or nose reference sites. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1990 May; 75(5):378-91.
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  287. Shenton ME, Solovay MR, Holzman PS, Coleman M, Gale HJ. Thought disorder in the relatives of psychotic patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989 Oct; 46(10):897-901.
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  288. McCarley RW, Faux SF, Shenton M, LeMay M, Cane M, Ballinger R, Duffy FH. CT abnormalities in schizophrenia. A preliminary study of their correlations with P300/P200 electrophysiological features and positive/negative symptoms. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989 Aug; 46(8):698-708.
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  289. Shenton ME, Ballinger R, Marcy B, Faux SF, Cane M, Lemay M, Cassens G, Coleman M, Duffy FH, McCarley RW. Two syndromes of schizophrenic psychopathology associated with left vs. right temporal deficits in P300 amplitude. Four case reports. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1989 Apr; 177(4):219-25.
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  290. Shenton ME, Faux SF, McCarley RW, Ballinger R, Coleman M, Torello M, Duffy FH. Correlations between abnormal auditory P300 topography and positive symptoms in schizophrenia: a preliminary report. Biol Psychiatry. 1989 Mar 15; 25(6):710-6.
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  291. Shenton ME, Faux SF, McCarley RW, Ballinger R, Coleman M, Duffy FH. Clinical correlations of auditory P200 topography and left temporo-central deficits in schizophrenia: a preliminary study. J Psychiatr Res. 1989; 23(1):13-34.
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  292. Daniels EK, Shenton ME, Holzman PS, Benowitz LI, Coleman M, Levin S, Levine D. Patterns of thought disorder associated with right cortical damage, schizophrenia, and mania. Am J Psychiatry. 1988 Aug; 145(8):944-9.
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  293. Faux SF, Torello MW, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Duffy FH. P300 in schizophrenia: confirmation and statistical validation of temporal region deficit in P300 topography. Biol Psychiatry. 1988 Apr 15; 23(8):776-90.
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  294. Faux SF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Torello MW, Duffy FH. Differentiation of schizophrenics and normal controls is enhanced by the Goodin subtraction procedure. Int J Neurosci. 1988 Mar; 39(1-2):117-35.
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  295. Solovay MR, Shenton ME, Holzman PS. Comparative studies of thought disorders. I. Mania and schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1987 Jan; 44(1):13-20.
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  296. Faux SF, Torello MW, McCarley RW, Shenton ME, Duffy FH. P300 topographic alterations in schizophrenia: a replication study. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol Suppl. 1987; 40:688-94.
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  297. Shenton ME, Solovay MR, Holzman P. Comparative studies of thought disorders. II. Schizoaffective disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1987 Jan; 44(1):21-30.
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  298. Faux SF, Shenton ME, McCarley RW, Torello MW, Duffy FH. P200 topographic alterations in schizophrenia: evidence for left temporal-centroparietal region deficits. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol Suppl. 1987; 40:681-7.
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  299. Solovay MR, Shenton ME, Gasperetti C, Coleman M, Kestnbaum E, Carpenter JT, Holzman PS. Scoring manual for the Thought Disorder Index. Schizophr Bull. 1986; 12(3):483-96.
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  300. Holzman PS, Shenton ME, Solovay MR. Quality of thought disorder in differential diagnosis. Schizophr Bull. 1986; 12(3):360-71.
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