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Richard Harry Masland, PH.D.

TitleDavid Glendenning Cogan Professor of Ophthalmology
InstitutionMassachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
DepartmentOphthalmology
AddressMassachusetts Eye & Ear Infrm
Howe Laboratory - 5th Floor
231 Charles Street
Boston MA 02114
Phone617/391-5930
Fax617/391-5938
Other Positions
TitleMember of the Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology
InstitutionMassachusetts Institute of Technology
DepartmentHealth Sciences and Technology

TitleProfessor of Neurobiology
InstitutionMassachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
DepartmentNeurobiology


 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Masland RH. Neuroscience: Accurate maps of visual circuitry. Nature. 2013 Aug 8; 500(7461):154-5.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Masland RH. Introducing Peter Sterling, the 2012 recipient of the Proctor Medal. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Mar; 54(3):2266.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Masland RH. The neuronal organization of the retina. Neuron. 2012 Oct 18; 76(2):266-80.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Masland RH. Another blue neuron in the retina. Nat Neurosci. 2012 Jul; 15(7):930-1.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Masland RH. The tasks of amacrine cells. Vis Neurosci. 2012 Jan; 29(1):3-9.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Masland RH. Cell populations of the retina: the Proctor lecture. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jun; 52(7):4581-91.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Koizumi A, Jakobs TC, Masland RH. Regular mosaic of synaptic contacts among three retinal neurons. J Comp Neurol. 2011 Feb 1; 519(2):341-57.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Farrow K, Masland RH. Physiological clustering of visual channels in the mouse retina. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Apr; 105(4):1516-30.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Sun D, Lye-Barthel M, Masland RH, Jakobs TC. Structural remodeling of fibrous astrocytes after axonal injury. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 20; 30(42):14008-19.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Contini M, Lin B, Kobayashi K, Okano H, Masland RH, Raviola E. Synaptic input of ON-bipolar cells onto the dopaminergic neurons of the mouse retina. J Comp Neurol. 2010 Jun 1; 518(11):2035-50.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Sun D, Lye-Barthel M, Masland RH, Jakobs TC. The morphology and spatial arrangement of astrocytes in the optic nerve head of the mouse. J Comp Neurol. 2009 Sep 1; 516(1):1-19.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Lin B, Masland RH, Strettoi E. Remodeling of cone photoreceptor cells after rod degeneration in rd mice. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar; 88(3):589-99.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Lin B, Koizumi A, Tanaka N, Panda S, Masland RH. Restoration of visual function in retinal degeneration mice by ectopic expression of melanopsin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Oct 14; 105(41):16009-14.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Jakobs TC, Koizumi A, Masland RH. The spatial distribution of glutamatergic inputs to dendrites of retinal ganglion cells. J Comp Neurol. 2008 Sep 10; 510(2):221-36.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Fuerst PG, Koizumi A, Masland RH, Burgess RW. Neurite arborization and mosaic spacing in the mouse retina require DSCAM. Nature. 2008 Jan 24; 451(7177):470-4.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Howell GR, Libby RT, Jakobs TC, Smith RS, Phalan FC, Barter JW, Barbay JM, Marchant JK, Mahesh N, Porciatti V, Whitmore AV, Masland RH, John SW. Axons of retinal ganglion cells are insulted in the optic nerve early in DBA/2J glaucoma. J Cell Biol. 2007 Dec 31; 179(7):1523-37.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Masland RH, Martin PR. The unsolved mystery of vision. Curr Biol. 2007 Aug 7; 17(15):R577-82.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Zeck GM, Masland RH. Spike train signatures of retinal ganglion cell types. Eur J Neurosci. 2007 Jul; 26(2):367-80.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Jakobs TC, Ben Y, Masland RH. Expression of mRNA for glutamate receptor subunits distinguishes the major classes of retinal neurons, but is less specific for individual cell types. Mol Vis. 2007; 13:933-48.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Lye MH, Jakobs TC, Masland RH, Koizumi A. Organotypic culture of adult rabbit retina. J Vis Exp. 2007; (3):190.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Koizumi A, Zeck G, Ben Y, Masland RH, Jakobs TC. Organotypic culture of physiologically functional adult mammalian retinas. PLoS One. 2007; 2(2):e221.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Fried SI, Masland RH. Image processing: how the retina detects the direction of image motion. Curr Biol. 2007 Jan 23; 17(2):R63-6.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Lin B, Masland RH. Populations of wide-field amacrine cells in the mouse retina. J Comp Neurol. 2006 Dec 10; 499(5):797-809.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Jakobs TC, Libby RT, Ben Y, John SW, Masland RH. Retinal ganglion cell degeneration is topological but not cell type specific in DBA/2J mice. J Cell Biol. 2005 Oct 24; 171(2):313-25.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Masland RH. Sensory systems: fine-tuning the visual scene. Curr Biol. 2005 Oct 11; 15(19):R808-10.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Zeck GM, Xiao Q, Masland RH. The spatial filtering properties of local edge detectors and brisk-sustained retinal ganglion cells. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Oct; 22(8):2016-26.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Kong JH, Fish DR, Rockhill RL, Masland RH. Diversity of ganglion cells in the mouse retina: unsupervised morphological classification and its limits. J Comp Neurol. 2005 Aug 29; 489(3):293-310.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Masland RH. The many roles of starburst amacrine cells. Trends Neurosci. 2005 Aug; 28(8):395-6.
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  29. Lin B, Jakobs TC, Masland RH. Different functional types of bipolar cells use different gap-junctional proteins. J Neurosci. 2005 Jul 13; 25(28):6696-701.
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  30. Lin B, Masland RH. Synaptic contacts between an identified type of ON cone bipolar cell and ganglion cells in the mouse retina. Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Mar; 21(5):1257-70.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Lin B, Wang SW, Masland RH. Retinal ganglion cell type, size, and spacing can be specified independent of homotypic dendritic contacts. Neuron. 2004 Aug 19; 43(4):475-85.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Masland RH. Neuronal cell types. Curr Biol. 2004 Jul 13; 14(13):R497-500.
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  33. Zeck GM, Masland RH. Deconstructing a navigational neuron. Nat Neurosci. 2004 Jun; 7(6):569-70.
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  34. Koizumi A, Jakobs TC, Masland RH. Inward rectifying currents stabilize the membrane potential in dendrites of mouse amacrine cells: patch-clamp recordings and single-cell RT-PCR. Mol Vis. 2004 May 13; 10:328-40.
    View in: PubMed
  35. MacNeil MA, Heussy JK, Dacheux RF, Raviola E, Masland RH. The population of bipolar cells in the rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 2004 Apr 19; 472(1):73-86.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Chiao CC, Masland RH. Contextual tuning of direction-selective retinal ganglion cells. Nat Neurosci. 2003 Dec; 6(12):1251-2.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Jakobs TC, Ben Y, Masland RH. CD15 immunoreactive amacrine cells in the mouse retina. J Comp Neurol. 2003 Oct 20; 465(3):361-71.
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  38. Masland RH. Vision: The retina's fancy tricks. Nature. 2003 May 22; 423(6938):387-8.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Huang L, Max M, Margolskee RF, Su H, Masland RH, Euler T. G protein subunit G gamma 13 is coexpressed with G alpha o, G beta 3, and G beta 4 in retinal ON bipolar cells. J Comp Neurol. 2003 Jan 1; 455(1):1-10.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Chiao CC, Masland RH. Starburst cells nondirectionally facilitate the responses of direction-selective retinal ganglion cells. J Neurosci. 2002 Dec 15; 22(24):10509-13.
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  41. Stasheff SF, Masland RH. Functional inhibition in direction-selective retinal ganglion cells: spatiotemporal extent and intralaminar interactions. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Aug; 88(2):1026-39.
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  42. Jeon CJ, Kong JH, Strettoi E, Rockhill R, Stasheff SF, Masland RH. Pattern of synaptic excitation and inhibition upon direction-selective retinal ganglion cells. J Comp Neurol. 2002 Jul 22; 449(2):195-205.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Rockhill RL, Daly FJ, MacNeil MA, Brown SP, Masland RH. The diversity of ganglion cells in a mammalian retina. J Neurosci. 2002 May 1; 22(9):3831-43.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Masland RH. The fundamental plan of the retina. Nat Neurosci. 2001 Sep; 4(9):877-86.
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  45. Masland RH. Neuronal diversity in the retina. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2001 Aug; 11(4):431-6.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Brown SP, Masland RH. Spatial scale and cellular substrate of contrast adaptation by retinal ganglion cells. Nat Neurosci. 2001 Jan; 4(1):44-51.
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  47. Keyser KT, MacNeil MA, Dmitrieva N, Wang F, Masland RH, Lindstrom JM. Amacrine, ganglion, and displaced amacrine cells in the rabbit retina express nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Vis Neurosci. 2000 Sep-Oct; 17(5):743-52.
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  48. Brown SP, He S, Masland RH. Receptive field microstructure and dendritic geometry of retinal ganglion cells. Neuron. 2000 Aug; 27(2):371-83.
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  49. Euler T, Masland RH. Light-evoked responses of bipolar cells in a mammalian retina. J Neurophysiol. 2000 Apr; 83(4):1817-29.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Rockhill RL, Euler T, Masland RH. Spatial order within but not between types of retinal neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Feb 29; 97(5):2303-7.
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  51. Masland RH, Raviola E. Confronting complexity: strategies for understanding the microcircuitry of the retina. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2000; 23:249-84.
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  52. MacNeil MA, Heussy JK, Dacheux RF, Raviola E, Masland RH. The shapes and numbers of amacrine cells: matching of photofilled with Golgi-stained cells in the rabbit retina and comparison with other mammalian species. J Comp Neurol. 1999 Oct 18; 413(2):305-26.
    View in: PubMed
  53. He S, Jin ZF, Masland RH. The nondiscriminating zone of directionally selective retinal ganglion cells: comparison with dendritic structure and implications for mechanism. J Neurosci. 1999 Sep 15; 19(18):8049-56.
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  54. Brown SP, Masland RH. Costratification of a population of bipolar cells with the direction-selective circuitry of the rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 1999 May 24; 408(1):97-106.
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  55. Velte TJ, Masland RH. Action potentials in the dendrites of retinal ganglion cells. J Neurophysiol. 1999 Mar; 81(3):1412-7.
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  56. Jeon CJ, Strettoi E, Masland RH. The major cell populations of the mouse retina. J Neurosci. 1998 Nov 1; 18(21):8936-46.
    View in: PubMed
  57. MacNeil MA, Masland RH. Extreme diversity among amacrine cells: implications for function. Neuron. 1998 May; 20(5):971-82.
    View in: PubMed
  58. He S, Masland RH. ON direction-selective ganglion cells in the rabbit retina: dendritic morphology and pattern of fasciculation. Vis Neurosci. 1998 Mar-Apr; 15(2):369-75.
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  59. He S, Masland RH. Retinal direction selectivity after targeted laser ablation of starburst amacrine cells. Nature. 1997 Sep 25; 389(6649):378-82.
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  60. Strettoi E, Masland RH. The number of unidentified amacrine cells in the mammalian retina. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Dec 10; 93(25):14906-11.
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  61. Masland RH. Processing and encoding of visual information in the retina. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1996 Aug; 6(4):467-74.
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  62. Masland RH. Unscrambling color vision. Science. 1996 Feb 2; 271(5249):616-7.
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  63. Peters BN, Masland RH. Responses to light of starburst amacrine cells. J Neurophysiol. 1996 Jan; 75(1):469-80.
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  64. Jeon CJ, Masland RH. A population of wide-field bipolar cells in the rabbit's retina. J Comp Neurol. 1995 Sep 25; 360(3):403-12.
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  65. Strettoi E, Masland RH. The organization of the inner nuclear layer of the rabbit retina. J Neurosci. 1995 Jan; 15(1 Pt 2):875-88.
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  66. Yang G, Masland RH. Receptive fields and dendritic structure of directionally selective retinal ganglion cells. J Neurosci. 1994 Sep; 14(9):5267-80.
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  67. Masland RH, Rizzo JF, Sandell JH. Developmental variation in the structure of the retina. J Neurosci. 1993 Dec; 13(12):5194-202.
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  68. Jeon CJ, Masland RH. Selective accumulation of diamidino yellow and chromomycin A3 by retinal glial cells. J Histochem Cytochem. 1993 Nov; 41(11):1651-8.
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  69. O'Malley DM, Masland RH. Responses of the starburst amacrine cells to moving stimuli. J Neurophysiol. 1993 Mar; 69(3):730-8.
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  70. Yang G, Masland RH. Direct visualization of the dendritic and receptive fields of directionally selective retinal ganglion cells. Science. 1992 Dec 18; 258(5090):1949-52.
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  71. O'Malley DM, Sandell JH, Masland RH. Co-release of acetylcholine and GABA by the starburst amacrine cells. J Neurosci. 1992 Apr; 12(4):1394-408.
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  72. Tauchi M, Madigan NK, Masland RH. Shapes and distributions of the catecholamine-accumulating neurons in the rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 1990 Mar 8; 293(2):178-89.
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  73. Sandell JH, Masland RH, Raviola E, Dacheux RF. Connections of indoleamine-accumulating cells in the rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 1989 May 8; 283(2):303-13.
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  74. O'Malley DM, Masland RH. Co-release of acetylcholine and gamma-aminobutyric acid by a retinal neuron. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 May; 86(9):3414-8.
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  75. Sandell JH, Masland RH. Shape and distribution of an unusual retinal neuron. J Comp Neurol. 1989 Feb 15; 280(3):489-97.
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  76. Sandell JH, Masland RH. Indoleamine accumulation by retinal neurons exposed to blood. Histochemistry. 1989; 92(1):57-60.
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  77. Masland RH. Amacrine cells. Trends Neurosci. 1988 Sep; 11(9):405-10.
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  78. Sandell JH, Masland RH. Photoconversion of some fluorescent markers to a diaminobenzidine product. J Histochem Cytochem. 1988 May; 36(5):555-9.
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  79. Masland RH, Cassidy C. The resting release of acetylcholine by a retinal neuron. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1987 Nov 23; 232(1267):227-38.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Masland RH. The functional architecture of the retina. Sci Am. 1986 Dec; 255(6):102-11.
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  81. Sandell JH, Masland RH. A system of indoleamine-accumulating neurons in the rabbit retina. J Neurosci. 1986 Nov; 6(11):3331-47.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Tauchi M, Masland RH. Local order among the dendrites of an amacrine cell population. J Neurosci. 1985 Sep; 5(9):2494-501.
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  83. Masland RH, Tauchi M. A possible amacrine cell substrate for the detection of stimulus motion. Neurosci Res Suppl. 1985; 2:S185-99.
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  84. Masland RH, Mills JW, Cassidy C. The functions of acetylcholine in the rabbit retina. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1984 Nov 22; 223(1230):121-39.
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  85. Tauchi M, Masland RH. The shape and arrangement of the cholinergic neurons in the rabbit retina. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1984 Nov 22; 223(1230):101-19.
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  86. Masland RH, Mills JW, Hayden SA. Acetylcholine-synthesizing amacrine cells: identification and selective staining by using radioautography and fluorescent markers. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1984 Nov 22; 223(1230):79-100.
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  87. Pu GA, Masland RH. Biochemical interruption of membrane phospholipid renewal in retinal photoreceptor cells. J Neurosci. 1984 Jun; 4(6):1559-76.
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  88. Leifer D, Lipton SA, Barnstable CJ, Masland RH. Monoclonal antibody to Thy-1 enhances regeneration of processes by rat retinal ganglion cells in culture. Science. 1984 Apr 20; 224(4646):303-6.
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  89. Masland RH. Choline metabolism and the maintenance of photoreceptor cell structure. Retina. 1982; 2(4):282-7.
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  90. Parkinson D, Baughman R, Masland RH, Rando RR. Dopamine metabolism following irreversible inactivation of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase in retina. J Neurosci. 1981 Nov; 1(11):1205-10.
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  91. Masland RH, Mills JW. Choline accumulation by photoreceptor cells of the rabbit retina. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Mar; 77(3):1671-5.
    View in: PubMed
  92. Masland RH. Acetylcholine in the retina. Neurochem Int. 1980; 1C:501-18.
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  93. Masland RH, Mills JW. Autoradiographic identification of acetylcholine in the rabbit retina. J Cell Biol. 1979 Oct; 83(1):159-78.
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  94. Pepperberg DR, Masland RH. Retinal-induced sensitization of light-adapted rabbit photoreceptors. Brain Res. 1978 Jul 28; 151(1):194-200.
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  95. Masland RH. Maturation of function in the developing rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 1977 Oct 1; 175(3):275-86.
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  96. McArdle CB, Dowling JE, Masland RH. Development of outer segments and synapses in the rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 1977 Oct 1; 175(3):253-74.
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  97. Masland RH, Livingstone CJ. Effect of stimulation with light on synthesis and release of acetylcholine by an isolated mammalian retina. J Neurophysiol. 1976 Nov; 39(6):1210-9.
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  98. Masland RH, Ames A. Responses to acetylcholine of ganglion cells in an isolated mammalian retina. J Neurophysiol. 1976 Nov; 39(6):1220-35.
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  99. Masland RH, Ames A. Dissociation of field potential from neuronal activity in the isolated retina: failure of the b-wave with normal ganglion cell response. J Neurobiol. 1975 May; 6(3):305-12.
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  100. Masland RH. A minimal system for recording from single cells in moving animals. Med Biol Eng. 1974 Jul; 12(4):564-6.
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  101. Spear PD, Chow KL, Masland RH, Murphy EH. Ontogenesis of receptive field characteristics of superior colliculus neurons in the rabbit. Brain Res. 1972 Oct 13; 45(1):67-86.
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  102. Masland RH, Schwartzkroin PA, Chow KL. Responses of single lateral geniculate cells during performance of a visually guided discrimination. Brain Res. 1972 Oct 13; 45(1):271-7.
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  103. Chow KL, Masland RH, Stewart DL. Receptive field characteristics of striate cortical neurons in the rabbit. Brain Res. 1971 Oct 29; 33(2):337-52.
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  104. Masland RH, Chow KL, Stewart DL. Receptive-field characteristics of superior colliculus neurons in the rabbit. J Neurophysiol. 1971 Jan; 34(1):148-56.
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  105. Stewart DL, Chow KL, Masland RH. Receptive-field characteristics of lateral geniculate neurons in the rabbit. J Neurophysiol. 1971 Jan; 34(1):139-47.
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  106. Masland RH. Visual motion perception: experimental modification. Science. 1969 Aug 22; 165(3895):819-21.
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