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Keywords
Last Name
Institution

Ichiro Kawachi, Ph.D., M.B.,Ch.B.

Title'Professor of Social Epidemiology'
InstitutionHarvard School of Public Health
DepartmentDept of Social and Behavioral Sciences
AddressHarvard School of Public Health
Kresge, 7th Floor
677 Huntington Ave
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/432-3915
Fax617/432-3123
Other Positions
TitleAssociate Professor of Medicine (Epidemiology)
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentMedicine
DivisionChanning Division of Network Medicine

Title"'Chair, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences'"
InstitutionHarvard School of Public Health
DepartmentDept of Social and Behavioral Sciences


 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Richmond TK, Elliott MN, Franzini L, Kawachi I, Caughy MO, Gilliland MJ, Walls CE, Franklin FA, Lowry R, Banspach SW, Schuster MA. School Programs and Characteristics and Their Influence on Student BMI: Findings from Healthy Passages. PLoS One. 2014 Jan 13; 9(1):e83254.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Inoue S, Naruse H, Yorifuji T, Murakoshi T, Doi H, Kawachi I. Who is at Risk of Inadequate Weight Gain During Pregnancy? Analysis by Occupational Status Among 15,020 Deliveries in a Regional Hospital in Japan. Matern Child Health J. 2013 Dec; 17(10):1888-97.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Walter S, Glymour MM, Koenen K, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis M, Chang SC, Rimm E, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD. Performance of polygenic scores for predicting phobic anxiety. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e80326.
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  4. Nandi A, Sweet E, Kawachi I, Heymann J, Galea S. Associations between macrolevel economic factors and weight distributions in low- and middle-income countries: a multilevel analysis of 200?000 adults in 40 countries. Am J Public Health. 2014 Feb; 104(2):e162-71.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Farvid MS, Qi L, Hu FB, Kawachi I, Okereke OI, Kubzansky LD, Willett WC. Phobic anxiety symptom scores and incidence of type 2 diabetes in US men and women. Brain Behav Immun. 2014 Feb; 36:176-82.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Sakai R, Wang W, Yamaguchi N, Tamura H, Goto R, Kawachi I. The Impact of Japan's 2004 Postgraduate Training Program on Intra-Prefectural Distribution of Pediatricians in Japan. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e77045.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Duncan DT, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Aldstadt J, Melly SJ, Williams DR. Examination of how neighborhood definition influences measurements of youths' access to tobacco retailers: a methodological note on spatial misclassification. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Feb 1; 179(3):373-81.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Inoue S, Yorifuji T, Takao S, Doi H, Kawachi I. Social cohesion and mortality: a survival analysis of older adults in Japan. Am J Public Health. 2013 Dec; 103(12):e60-6.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Chang SC, Glymour MM, Rewak M, Cornelis MC, Walter S, Koenen KC, Kawachi I, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kubzansky LD. Are genetic variations in OXTR, AVPR1A, and CD38 genes important to social integration? Results from two large U.S. cohorts. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2014 Jan; 39:257-68.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Kivimäki M, Batty GD, Hamer M, Nabi H, Korhonen M, Huupponen R, Pentti J, Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Virtanen M, Westerlund H, Vahtera J. Influence of retirement on nonadherence to medication for hypertension and diabetes. CMAJ. 2013 Nov 19; 185(17):E784-90.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Pabayo R, Kawachi I, Gilman SE. Income inequality among American states and the incidence of major depression. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2014 Feb 1; 68(2):110-5.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Catalano R, Yorifuji T, Kawachi I. Response to fukuda et Al. Am J Hum Biol. 2013 Nov; 25(6):860.
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  13. Kivimäki M, Kawachi I. The authors reply. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Sep 15; 178(6):1009-10.
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  14. Jackson CL, Redline S, Kawachi I, Hu FB. Association between sleep duration and diabetes in black and white adults. Diabetes Care. 2013 Nov; 36(11):3557-65.
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  15. Jackson CL, Redline S, Kawachi I, Williams MA, Hu FB. Racial disparities in short sleep duration by occupation and industry. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Nov 1; 178(9):1442-51.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Kawachi I. Editorial: Isn't All Epidemiology Social? Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Sep 15; 178(6):841-2.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Kato T, Yorifuji T, Inoue S, Yamakawa M, Doi H, Kawachi I. Associations of preterm births with child health and development: Japanese population-based study. J Pediatr. 2013 Dec; 163(6):1578-1584.e4.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Virtanen M, Nyberg ST, Batty GD, Jokela M, Heikkilä K, Fransson EI, Alfredsson L, Bjorner JB, Borritz M, Burr H, Casini A, Clays E, De Bacquer D, Dragano N, Elovainio M, Erbel R, Ferrie JE, Hamer M, Jöckel KH, Kittel F, Knutsson A, Koskenvuo M, Koskinen A, Lunau T, Madsen IE, Nielsen ML, Nordin M, Oksanen T, Pahkin K, Pejtersen JH, Pentti J, Rugulies R, Salo P, Shipley MJ, Siegrist J, Steptoe A, Suominen SB, Theorell T, Toppinen-Tanner S, Väänänen A, Vahtera J, Westerholm PJ, Westerlund H, Slopen N, Kawachi I, Singh-Manoux A, Kivimäki M. Perceived job insecurity as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013; 347:f4746.
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  19. Chapman BP, Fiscella K, Kawachi I, Duberstein P, Muennig P. Emotion suppression and mortality risk over a 12-year follow-up. J Psychosom Res. 2013 Oct; 75(4):381-5.
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  20. Chiavegatto Filho AD, Kawachi I, Wang YP, Viana MC, Andrade LH. Does income inequality get under the skin? A multilevel analysis of depression, anxiety and mental disorders in Sao Paulo, Brazil. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Nov 1; 67(11):966-72.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Duncan DT, Kawachi I, White K, Williams DR. The geography of recreational open space: influence of neighborhood racial composition and neighborhood poverty. J Urban Health. 2013 Aug; 90(4):618-31.
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  22. Pabayo R, Chiavegatto Filho AD, Lebrão ML, Kawachi I. Income inequality and mortality: results from a longitudinal study of older residents of são paulo, Brazil. Am J Public Health. 2013 Sep; 103(9):e43-9.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Arcaya M, Glymour MM, Chakrabarti P, Christakis NA, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Effects of proximate foreclosed properties on individuals' weight gain in massachusetts, 1987-2008. Am J Public Health. 2013 Sep; 103(9):e50-6.
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  24. Kivimäki M, Kawachi I. Regarding the relationship between the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein and coronary heart disease. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jul 1; 178(1):154-5.
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  25. Harling G, Subramanian S, Bärnighausen T, Kawachi I. Socioeconomic disparities in sexually transmitted infections among young adults in the United States: examining the interaction between income and race/ethnicity. Sex Transm Dis. 2013 Jul; 40(7):575-81.
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  26. Pega F, Kawachi I, Rasanathan K, Lundberg O. Politics, policies and population health: A commentary on Mackenbach, Hu and Looman (2013). Soc Sci Med. 2013 Sep; 93:176-9.
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  27. Nishihara R, Morikawa T, Kuchiba A, Lochhead P, Yamauchi M, Liao X, Imamura Y, Nosho K, Shima K, Kawachi I, Qian ZR, Fuchs CS, Chan AT, Giovannucci E, Ogino S. A Prospective Study of Duration of Smoking Cessation and Colorectal Cancer Risk by Epigenetics-related Tumor Classification. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jul 1; 178(1):84-100.
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  28. Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Kouvonen A, Takao S, Suzuki E, Virtanen M, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Workplace determinants of social capital: cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence from a finnish cohort study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e65846.
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  29. Catalano R, Yorifuji T, Kawachi I. Natural selection In Utero: Evidence from the great East Japan earthquake. Am J Hum Biol. 2013 Jul; 25(4):555-9.
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  30. Kato T, Yorifuji T, Inoue S, Doi H, Kawachi I. Association of Birth Length and Risk of Hospitalisation among Full-term Babies in Japan. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2013 Jul; 27(4):361-70.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Oka M, Link CL, Kawachi I. Area-Based Variations in Obesity Are More than a Function of the Food and Physical Activity Environment : Area-based Variations in Obesity. J Urban Health. 2013 Jun; 90(3):442-63.
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  32. Pega F, Carter K, Kawachi I, Davis P, Gunasekara FI, Lundberg O, Blakely T. The impact of in-work tax credit for families on self-rated health in adults: a cohort study of 6900 New Zealanders. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Aug 1; 67(8):682-8.
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  33. Ichida Y, Hirai H, Kondo K, Kawachi I, Takeda T, Endo H. Does social participation improve self-rated health in the older population? A quasi-experimental intervention study. Soc Sci Med. 2013 Oct; 94:83-90.
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  34. Suzuki E, Kashima S, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Social and Geographical Inequalities in Suicide in Japan from 1975 through 2005: A Census-Based Longitudinal Analysis. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e63443.
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  35. Pabayo R, Alcantara C, Kawachi I, Wood E, Kerr T. The role of depression and social support in non-fatal drug overdose among a cohort of injection drug users in a Canadian setting. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Oct 1; 132(3):603-9.
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  36. Rostila M, Saarela J, Kawachi I. Suicide following the death of a sibling: a nationwide follow-up study from Sweden. BMJ Open. 2013; 3(4).
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  37. Factor R, Williams DR, Kawachi I. Social resistance framework for understanding high-risk behavior among nondominant minorities: preliminary evidence. Am J Public Health. 2013 Dec; 103(12):2245-51.
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  38. Haukkala A, Konttinen H, Lehto E, Uutela A, Kawachi I, Laatikainen T. Sense of coherence, depressive symptoms, cardiovascular diseases, and all-cause mortality. Psychosom Med. 2013 May; 75(4):429-35.
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  39. Fujiwara T, Ito J, Kawachi I. Income inequality, parental socioeconomic status, and birth outcomes in Japan. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 May 15; 177(10):1042-52.
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  40. Ikeda A, Kawachi I, Iso H, Iwasaki M, Inoue M, Tsugane S. Social support and cancer incidence and mortality: the JPHC study cohort II. Cancer Causes Control. 2013 May; 24(5):847-60.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Halonen JI, Kivimäki M, Virtanen M, Pentti J, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Vahtera J. Proximity of off-premise alcohol outlets and heavy alcohol consumption: A cohort study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Sep 1; 132(1-2):295-300.
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  42. Yorifuji T, Takao S, Inoue S, Tanihara S, Kawachi I. Contribution of smoking to the gender gap in life expectancy in Japan. Public Health. 2013 May; 127(5):482-4.
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  43. Chang CY, Cheng TJ, Lin CY, Chen JY, Lu TH, Kawachi I. Reporting of aspiration pneumonia or choking as a cause of death in patients who died with stroke. Stroke. 2013 Apr; 44(4):1182-5.
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  44. Rostila M, Saarela J, Kawachi I. Mortality From Myocardial Infarction After the Death of a Sibling: A Nationwide Follow-up Study From Sweden. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013; 2(2):e000046.
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  45. Kobayashi T, Kawachi I, Iwase T, Suzuki E, Takao S. Individual-level social capital and self-rated health in Japan: An application of the Resource Generator. Soc Sci Med. 2013 May; 85:32-7.
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  46. Rostila M, Saarela J, Kawachi I. Fatal stroke after the death of a sibling: a nationwide follow-up study from sweden. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e56994.
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  47. Joh HK, Oh J, Lee HJ, Kawachi I. Gender and socioeconomic status in relation to weight perception and weight control behavior in korean adults. Obes Facts. 2013; 6(1):17-27.
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  48. Jung Y, Oh J, Huh S, Kawachi I. The Effects of Employment Conditions on Smoking Status and Smoking Intensity: The Analysis of Korean Labor & Income Panel 8(th)-10(th) Wave. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e57109.
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  49. Factor R, Kawachi I, Williams DR. Evaluation of the UNREST questionnaire for testing the social resistance framework. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Jul; 67(7):618-24.
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  50. Thorgeirsson T, Kawachi I. Behavioral economics: merging psychology and economics for lifestyle interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2013 Feb; 44(2):185-9.
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  51. Tsakos G, Sabbah W, Chandola T, Newton T, Kawachi I, Aida J, Sheiham A, Marmot MG, Watt RG. Social relationships and oral health among adults aged 60 years or older. Psychosom Med. 2013 Feb; 75(2):178-86.
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  52. Takagi D, Kondo K, Kondo N, Cable N, Ikeda K, Kawachi I. Social disorganization/social fragmentation and risk of depression among older people in Japan: Multilevel investigation of indices of social distance. Soc Sci Med. 2013 Apr; 83:81-9.
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  53. Liu SY, Buka SL, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Gilman SE, Loucks EB. Sheepskin effects of education in the 10-year Framingham risk of coronary heart disease. Soc Sci Med. 2013 Mar; 80:31-6.
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  54. Neuman M, Kawachi I, Gortmaker S, Subramanian SV. Urban-rural differences in BMI in low- and middle-income countries: the role of socioeconomic status. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Feb; 97(2):428-36.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Lu TH, Anderson RN, Kawachi I. Effect of coding rules on reporting of hypertension mortality. Epidemiology. 2013 Jan; 24(1):168-9.
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  56. Yorifuji T, Tsuda T, Inoue S, Takao S, Harada M, Kawachi I. Critical appraisal of the 1977 diagnostic criteria for minamata disease. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2013; 68(1):22-9.
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  57. Siddiqi A, Kawachi I, Keating DP, Hertzman C. A comparative study of population health in the United States and canada during the neoliberal era, 1980-2008. Int J Health Serv. 2013; 43(2):193-216.
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  58. Yorifuji T, Naruse H, Kashima S, Murakoshi T, Kato T, Inoue S, Doi H, Kawachi I. Trends of preterm birth and low birth weight in Japan: a one hospital-based study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2012; 12:162.
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  59. Fujiwara T, Kubzansky LD, Matsumoto K, Kawachi I. The Association between Oxytocin and Social Capital. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e52018.
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  60. Ball K, Cleland V, Salmon J, Timperio AF, McNaughton S, Thornton L, Campbell K, Jackson M, Baur LA, Mishra G, Brug J, Jeffery RW, King A, Kawachi I, Crawford DA. Cohort Profile: The Resilience for Eating and Activity Despite Inequality (READI) study. Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Dec; 42(6):1629-39.
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  61. Caspi CE, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Tucker-Seeley R, Sorensen G. The social environment and walking behavior among low-income housing residents. Soc Sci Med. 2013 Mar; 80:76-84.
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  62. Suzuki E, Yamamoto E, Takao S, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Clarifying the Use of Aggregated Exposures in Multilevel Models: Self-Included vs. Self-Excluded Measures. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e51717.
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  63. Heo J, Oh J, Kim J, Lee M, Lee JS, Kwon S, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. Poverty in the midst of plenty: unmet needs and distribution of health care resources in South Korea. PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e51004.
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  64. Kanamori S, Kai Y, Kondo K, Hirai H, Ichida Y, Suzuki K, Kawachi I. Participation in Sports Organizations and the Prevention of Functional Disability in Older Japanese: The AGES Cohort Study. PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e51061.
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  65. Son M, Cho Y, Oh J, Kawachi I, Yi J, Kwon S. Social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of economic crisis (1993-2010) in Korea. Int J Equity Health. 2012; 11:71.
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  66. Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Subramanian S, Kim D, Shirai K, Kouvonen A, Pentti J, Salo P, Virtanen M, Vahtera J, Kivimäki M. Do obesity and sleep problems cluster in the workplace? A multivariate, multilevel study. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2013 May 1; 39(3):276-83.
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  67. Linos N, Slopen N, Subramanian SV, Berkman L, Kawachi I. Influence of community social norms on spousal violence: a population-based multilevel study of nigerian women. Am J Public Health. 2013 Jan; 103(1):148-55.
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  68. Hamilton TG, Kawachi I. Changes in income inequality and the health of immigrants. Soc Sci Med. 2013 Mar; 80:57-66.
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  69. Kivimäki M, Kawachi I. Need for More Individual-level Meta-Analyses in Social Epidemiology: Example of Job Strain and Coronary Heart Disease. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jan 1; 177(1):1-2.
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  70. Merlo J, Ohlsson H, Chaix B, Lichtenstein P, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Revisiting causal neighborhood effects on individual ischemic heart disease risk: A quasi-experimental multilevel analysis among Swedish siblings. Soc Sci Med. 2013 Jan; 76(1):39-46.
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  71. Chiavegatto Filho AD, Kawachi I. Are sex-selective abortions a characteristic of every poor region? Evidence from Brazil. Int J Public Health. 2013 Jun; 58(3):395-400.
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  72. Halonen JI, Kivimäki M, Virtanen M, Pentti J, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Vahtera J. Living in proximity of a bar and risky alcohol behaviours: a longitudinal study. Addiction. 2013 Feb; 108(2):320-8.
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  73. Chiavegatto Filho AD, Lebrão ML, Kawachi I. Income inequality and elderly self-rated health in São Paulo, Brazil. Ann Epidemiol. 2012 Dec; 22(12):863-7.
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  74. Takasaki Y, Kawachi I, Brunner EJ. Japan's answer to the economic demands of an ageing population. BMJ. 2012; 345:e6632.
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  75. Park HY, Heo J, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Oh J. Socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent depression in South Korea: a multilevel analysis. PLoS One. 2012; 7(10):e47025.
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  76. McClure CB, Valdimarsdóttir UA, Hauksdóttir A, Kawachi I. Economic crisis and smoking behaviour: prospective cohort study in Iceland. BMJ Open. 2012; 2(5).
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  77. Cheng TJ, Chang CY, Lin CY, Ke DS, Lu TH, Kawachi I. State differences in the reporting of 'unspecified stroke' on death certificates: implications for improvement. Stroke. 2012 Dec; 43(12):3336-42.
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  78. Virtanen M, Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Elovainio M, Suominen S, Linna A, Koponen A, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Organizational justice in primary-care health centers and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Med Care. 2012 Oct; 50(10):831-5.
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  79. Hirai H, Kondo K, Kawachi I. Social Determinants of Active Aging: Differences in Mortality and the Loss of Healthy Life between Different Income Levels among Older Japanese in the AGES Cohort Study. Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res. 2012; 2012:701583.
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  80. Cheng TJ, Lin CY, Lu TH, Kawachi I. Reporting of incorrect cause-of-death causal sequence on death certificates in the USA: using hypertension and diabetes as an educational illustration. Postgrad Med J. 2012 Dec; 88(1046):690-3.
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  81. Ervasti J, Kivimäki M, Kawachi I, Subramanian S, Pentti J, Oksanen T, Puusniekka R, Pohjonen T, Vahtera J, Virtanen M. School environment as predictor of teacher sick leave: data-linked prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health. 2012; 12:770.
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  82. Liu SY, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Education and inequalities in risk scores for coronary heart disease and body mass index: evidence for a population strategy. Epidemiology. 2012 Sep; 23(5):657-64.
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  83. Zarzar PM, Ferreira EF, Kawachi I. Can social capital contribute to the improvement of oral health? Braz Oral Res. 2012 Sep-Oct; 26(5):388-9.
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  84. Aberg Yngwe M, Kondo N, Hägg S, Kawachi I. Relative deprivation and mortality - a longitudinal study in a Swedish population of 4,7 million, 1990-2006. BMC Public Health. 2012; 12:664.
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  85. Takagi D, Ikeda K, Kawachi I. Neighborhood social capital and crime victimization: comparison of spatial regression analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Nov; 75(10):1895-902.
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  86. Cunningham TJ, Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Jacobs DR, Seeman TE, Kiefe CI, Gortmaker SL. Changes in waist circumference and body mass index in the us cardia cohort: fixed-effects associations with self-reported experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination. J Biosoc Sci. 2013 Mar; 45(2):267-78.
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  87. Yamamoto T, Kondo K, Misawa J, Hirai H, Nakade M, Aida J, Kondo N, Kawachi I, Hirata Y. Dental status and incident falls among older Japanese: a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open. 2012; 2(4).
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  88. Rostila M, Saarela J, Kawachi I. The forgotten griever: a nationwide follow-up study of mortality subsequent to the death of a sibling. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Aug 15; 176(4):338-46.
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  89. Rich-Edwards JW, Mason S, Rexrode K, Spiegelman D, Hibert E, Kawachi I, Jun HJ, Wright RJ. Physical and sexual abuse in childhood as predictors of early-onset cardiovascular events in women. Circulation. 2012 Aug 21; 126(8):920-7.
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  90. Sanchez-Villegas A, Field AE, O'Reilly EJ, Fava M, Gortmaker S, Kawachi I, Ascherio A. Perceived and actual obesity in childhood and adolescence and risk of adult depression. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Jan; 67(1):81-6.
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  91. Aida J, Kondo K, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Ichida Y, Hirai H, Kondo N, Osaka K, Sheiham A, Tsakos G, Watt RG. Does social capital affect the incidence of functional disability in older Japanese? A prospective population-based cohort study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Jan; 67(1):42-7.
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  92. Pabayo R, Barnett TA, Datta GD, Lambert M, O'Loughlin J, Kawachi I. Area-level social fragmentation and walking for exercise: cross-sectional findings from the Quebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth Study. Am J Public Health. 2012 Sep; 102(9):e30-7.
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  93. Suzuki E, Kashima S, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Geographic inequalities in all-cause mortality in Japan: compositional or contextual? PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e39876.
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  94. Chiavegatto Filho AD, Gotlieb SL, Kawachi I. Cause-specific mortality and income inequality in São Paulo, Brazil. Rev Saude Publica. 2012 Aug; 46(4):712-8.
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  95. Caspi CE, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Adamkiewicz G, Sorensen G. The relationship between diet and perceived and objective access to supermarkets among low-income housing residents. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Oct; 75(7):1254-62.
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  96. Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Jokela M, Kouvonen A, Suzuki E, Takao S, Virtanen M, Pentti J, Vahtera J, Kivimäki M. Workplace social capital and risk of chronic and severe hypertension: a cohort study. J Hypertens. 2012 Jun; 30(6):1129-36.
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  97. Caspi CE, Sorensen G, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. The local food environment and diet: a systematic review. Health Place. 2012 Sep; 18(5):1172-87.
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  98. Cunningham TJ, Seeman TE, Kawachi I, Gortmaker SL, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI, Berkman LF. Racial/ethnic and gender differences in the association between self-reported experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination and inflammation in the CARDIA cohort of 4 US communities. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Sep; 75(5):922-31.
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  99. Zarzar PM, Jorge KO, Oksanen T, Vale MP, Ferreira EF, Kawachi I. Association between binge drinking, type of friends and gender: a cross-sectional study among Brazilian adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2012; 12:257.
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  100. Moon JR, Glymour MM, Subramanian SV, Avendaño M, Kawachi I. Transition to retirement and risk of cardiovascular disease: prospective analysis of the US health and retirement study. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Aug; 75(3):526-30.
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  101. Walker RE, Kawachi I. Use of concept mapping to explore the influence of food security on food buying practices. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May; 112(5):711-7.
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  102. Cheng TJ, Lu TH, Kawachi I. State differences in the reporting of diabetes-related incorrect cause-of-death causal sequences on death certificates. Diabetes Care. 2012 Jul; 35(7):1572-4.
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  103. Walker RE, Block J, Kawachi I. Do residents of food deserts express different food buying preferences compared to residents of food oases? A mixed-methods analysis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012; 9:41.
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  104. Hanibuchi T, Murata Y, Ichida Y, Hirai H, Kawachi I, Kondo K. Place-specific constructs of social capital and their possible associations to health: a Japanese case study. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Jul; 75(1):225-32.
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  105. Adjaye-Gbewonyo K, Kawachi I. Use of the Yitzhaki Index as a test of relative deprivation for health outcomes: a review of recent literature. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Jul; 75(1):129-37.
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  106. Loucks EB, Buka SL, Rogers ML, Liu T, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD, Martin LT, Gilman SE. Education and coronary heart disease risk associations may be affected by early-life common prior causes: a propensity matching analysis. Ann Epidemiol. 2012 Apr; 22(4):221-32.
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  107. Fujiwara T, Natsume K, Okuyama M, Sato T, Kawachi I. Do home-visit programs for mothers with infants reduce parenting stress and increase social capital in Japan? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Dec; 66(12):1167-76.
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  108. Murayama H, Fujiwara Y, Kawachi I. Social capital and health: a review of prospective multilevel studies. J Epidemiol. 2012; 22(3):179-87.
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  109. Halonen JI, Kivimäki M, Pentti J, Kawachi I, Virtanen M, Martikainen P, Subramanian SV, Vahtera J. Quantifying neighbourhood socioeconomic effects in clustering of behaviour-related risk factors: a multilevel analysis. PLoS One. 2012; 7(3):e32937.
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  110. Suzuki E, Kashima S, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Social and geographic inequalities in premature adult mortality in Japan: a multilevel observational study from 1970 to 2005. BMJ Open. 2012; 2(2):e000425.
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  111. Nandi A, Glymour MM, Kawachi I, VanderWeele TJ. Using marginal structural models to estimate the direct effect of adverse childhood social conditions on onset of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Epidemiology. 2012 Mar; 23(2):223-32.
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  112. Moon JR, Capistrant BD, Kawachi I, Avendaño M, Subramanian SV, Bates LM, Glymour MM. Stroke incidence in older US Hispanics: is foreign birth protective? Stroke. 2012 May; 43(5):1224-9.
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  113. Ervasti J, Kivimäki M, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Pentti J, Ahola K, Oksanen T, Pohjonen T, Vahtera J, Virtanen M. Pupils with special educational needs in basic education schools and teachers' sickness absences--a register-linkage study. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2012 May; 38(3):209-17.
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  114. Tafawa AO, Viswanath K, Kawachi I, Williams DR. Mass media exposure, social stratification, and tobacco consumption among Nigerian adults. Cancer Causes Control. 2012 Mar; 23 Suppl 1:45-55.
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  115. Nishi A, McWilliams JM, Noguchi H, Hashimoto H, Tamiya N, Kawachi I. Health benefits of reduced patient cost sharing in Japan. Bull World Health Organ. 2012 Jun 1; 90(6):426-435A.
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  116. Nishi A, Kawachi I, Shirai K, Hirai H, Jeong S, Kondo K. Sex/gender and socioeconomic differences in the predictive ability of self-rated health for mortality. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e30179.
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  117. Kim SS, Chung Y, Perry MJ, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Association between interpersonal trust, reciprocity, and depression in South Korea: a prospective analysis. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e30602.
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  118. Cornelis MC, Glymour MM, Chang SC, Tchetgen EJ, Liang L, Koenen KC, Kang JH, Pasquale LR, Rimm EB, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD. Oxytocin receptor (OXTR) is not associated with optimism in the Nurses' Health Study. Mol Psychiatry. 2012 Dec; 17(12):1157-9.
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  119. Fujiwara T, Takao S, Iwase T, Hamada J, Kawachi I. Does caregiver's social bonding enhance the health of their children?: the association between social capital and child behaviors. Acta Med Okayama. 2012; 66(4):343-50.
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  120. Mowafi M, Khadr Z, Bennett G, Hill A, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Is access to neighborhood green space associated with BMI among Egyptians? A multilevel study of Cairo neighborhoods. Health Place. 2012 Mar; 18(2):385-90.
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  121. Gong T, Lv J, Liu Q, Ren Y, Li L, Kawachi I. Audit of tobacco retail outlets in Hangzhou, China. Tob Control. 2013 Jul; 22(4):245-9.
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  122. Linos N, Kawachi I. Community social norms as social determinants of violence against women. Am J Public Health. 2012 Feb; 102(2):199-200; author reply 200.
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  123. Yorifuji T, Naruse H, Kashima S, Murakoshi T, Tsuda T, Doi H, Kawachi I. Residential proximity to major roads and placenta/birth weight ratio. Sci Total Environ. 2012 Jan 1; 414:98-102.
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  124. Tampubolon G, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. Neighbourhood social capital and individual self-rated health in wales. Health Econ. 2013 Jan; 22(1):14-21.
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  125. Li Y, Fu H, Zhao F, Luo J, Kawachi I. Influence of Spousal Education on Partner's Self-Rated Health: Cross-Sectional Study Among 1382 Married Couples in Shanghai, China. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2013 Sep; 25(5):398-408.
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  126. Siddiqi A, Kawachi I, Berkman L, Hertzman C, Subramanian SV. Education determines a nation's health, but what determines educational outcomes? A cross-national comparative analysis. J Public Health Policy. 2012 Feb; 33(1):1-15.
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  127. Rostila M, Saarela J, Kawachi I. Mortality in parents following the death of a child: a nationwide follow-up study from Sweden. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Oct; 66(10):927-33.
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  128. Cunningham TJ, Berkman LF, Gortmaker SL, Kiefe CI, Jacobs DR, Seeman TE, Kawachi I. Assessment of differential item functioning in the experiences of discrimination index: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Dec 1; 174(11):1266-74.
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  129. Kim D, Baum CF, Ganz ML, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. The contextual effects of social capital on health: a cross-national instrumental variable analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Dec; 73(12):1689-97.
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  130. Kondo N, van Dam RM, Sembajwe G, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Yamagata Z. Income inequality and health: the role of population size, inequality threshold, period effects and lag effects. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Jun; 66(6):e11.
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  131. Furuta M, Ekuni D, Takao S, Suzuki E, Morita M, Kawachi I. Social capital and self-rated oral health among young people. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2012 Apr; 40(2):97-104.
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  132. Tanihara S, Kobayashi Y, Une H, Kawachi I. Urbanization and physician maldistribution: a longitudinal study in Japan. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011; 11:260.
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  133. Hanibuchi T, Kondo K, Nakaya T, Shirai K, Hirai H, Kawachi I. Does walkable mean sociable? Neighborhood determinants of social capital among older adults in Japan. Health Place. 2012 Mar; 18(2):229-39.
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  134. Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Kouvonen A, Suzuki E, Takao S, Sjösten N, Virtanen M, Pentti J, Vahtera J, Kivimäki M. Workplace social capital and adherence to antihypertensive medication: a cohort study. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9):e24732.
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  135. Oka M, Link CL, Kawachi I. Disparities in the prevalence of obesity in Boston: results from the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) survey. Public Health Rep. 2011 Sep-Oct; 126(5):700-7.
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  136. Tamiya N, Noguchi H, Nishi A, Reich MR, Ikegami N, Hashimoto H, Shibuya K, Kawachi I, Campbell JC. Population ageing and wellbeing: lessons from Japan's long-term care insurance policy. Lancet. 2011 Sep 24; 378(9797):1183-92.
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  137. Factor R, Kawachi I, Williams DR. Understanding high-risk behavior among non-dominant minorities: a social resistance framework. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Nov; 73(9):1292-301.
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  138. Hanibuchi T, Kawachi I, Nakaya T, Hirai H, Kondo K. Neighborhood built environment and physical activity of Japanese older adults: results from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES). BMC Public Health. 2011; 11:657.
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  139. Soteriades ES, Targino MC, Talias MA, Hauser R, Kawachi I, Christiani DC, Kales SN. Obesity and risk of LVH and ECG abnormalities in US firefighters. J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Aug; 53(8):867-71.
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  140. Yorifuji T, Tanihara S, Inoue S, Takao S, Kawachi I. The role of medicine in the decline of post-War infant mortality in Japan. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2011 Nov; 25(6):601-8.
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  141. Hanibuchi T, Kondo K, Nakaya T, Nakade M, Ojima T, Hirai H, Kawachi I. Neighborhood food environment and body mass index among Japanese older adults: results from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES). Int J Health Geogr. 2011; 10(1):43.
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  142. Oksanen T, Kivimäki M, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Takao S, Suzuki E, Kouvonen A, Pentti J, Salo P, Virtanen M, Vahtera J. Workplace social capital and all-cause mortality: a prospective cohort study of 28,043 public-sector employees in Finland. Am J Public Health. 2011 Sep; 101(9):1742-8.
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  143. Oksanen T, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Pentti J, Sjösten N, Virtanen M, Kawachi I, Kivimäki M. Is retirement beneficial for mental health?: antidepressant use before and after retirement. Epidemiology. 2011 Jul; 22(4):553-9.
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  144. Yorifuji T, Kawachi I, Kaneda M, Takao S, Kashima S, Doi H. Diesel vehicle emission and death rates in Tokyo, Japan: a natural experiment. Sci Total Environ. 2011 Sep 1; 409(19):3620-7.
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  145. Riise T, Mohr DC, Munger KL, Rich-Edwards JW, Kawachi I, Ascherio A. Stress and the risk of multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2011 May 31; 76(22):1866-71.
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  146. Lucas M, Mirzaei F, O'Reilly EJ, Pan A, Willett WC, Kawachi I, Koenen K, Ascherio A. Dietary intake of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids and the risk of clinical depression in women: a 10-y prospective follow-up study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Jun; 93(6):1337-43.
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  147. Yorifuji T, Tanihara S, Takao S, Kawachi I. Regional disparities in compliance with tobacco control policy in Japan: an ecological analysis. Tob Control. 2011 Sep; 20(5):374-9.
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  148. Virtanen M, Kawachi I, Oksanen T, Salo P, Tuisku K, Pulkki-Råback L, Pentti J, Elovainio M, Vahtera J, Kivimäki M. Socio-economic differences in long-term psychiatric work disability: prospective cohort study of onset, recovery and recurrence. Occup Environ Med. 2011 Nov; 68(11):791-8.
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  149. Avendano M, Kawachi I. Invited commentary: the search for explanations of the American health disadvantage relative to the English. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Apr 15; 173(8):866-9.
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  150. Subramanyam MA, Kawachi I, Berkman LF, Subramanian SV. Is economic growth associated with reduction in child undernutrition in India? PLoS Med. 2011 Mar; 8(3):e1000424.
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  151. Sabbah W, Tsakos G, Chandola T, Newton T, Kawachi I, Sheiham A, Marmot MG, Watt RG. The relationship between social network, social support and periodontal disease among older Americans. J Clin Periodontol. 2011 Jun; 38(6):547-52.
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  152. Mowafi M, Khadr Z, Subramanian SV, Bennett G, Hill A, Kawachi I. Are neighborhood education levels associated with BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt? Soc Sci Med. 2011 Apr; 72(8):1274-83.
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  153. Nishi A, Kondo K, Hirai H, Kawachi I. Cohort profile: the ages 2003 cohort study in Aichi, Japan. J Epidemiol. 2011; 21(2):151-7.
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  154. Liu SY, Buka SL, Linkletter CD, Kawachi I, Kubzansky L, Loucks EB. The association between blood pressure and years of schooling versus educational credentials: test of the sheepskin effect. Ann Epidemiol. 2011 Feb; 21(2):128-38.
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  155. Yorifuji T, Kawachi I, Sakamoto T, Doi H. Associations of outdoor air pollution with hemorrhagic stroke mortality. J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Feb; 53(2):124-6.
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  156. Kim SY, Kim MH, Kawachi I, Cho Y. Comparative epidemiology of suicide in South Korea and Japan: effects of age, gender and suicide methods. Crisis. 2011; 32(1):5-14.
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  157. Borges CM, Campos AC, Vargas AD, Ferreira EF, Kawachi I. Social capital and self-rated health among adolescents in Brazil: an exploratory study. BMC Res Notes. 2010; 3:338.
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  158. Iwase T, Suzuki E, Fujiwara T, Takao S, Doi H, Kawachi I. Do bonding and bridging social capital have differential effects on self-rated health? A community based study in Japan. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Jun; 66(6):557-62.
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  159. Ahn KO, Shin SD, Hwang SS, Oh J, Kawachi I, Kim YT, Kong KA, Hong SO. Association between deprivation status at community level and outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a nationwide observational study. Resuscitation. 2011 Mar; 82(3):270-6.
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  160. Hurtado D, Kawachi I, Sudarsky J. Social capital and self-rated health in Colombia: the good, the bad and the ugly. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Feb; 72(4):584-90.
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  161. Rich-Edwards JW, Spiegelman D, Lividoti Hibert EN, Jun HJ, Todd TJ, Kawachi I, Wright RJ. Abuse in childhood and adolescence as a predictor of type 2 diabetes in adult women. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Dec; 39(6):529-36.
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  162. Son M, Kim J, Oh J, Kawachi I. Inequalities in childhood cancer mortality according to parental socioeconomic position: A birth cohort study in South Korea. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Jan; 72(1):108-15.
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  163. Sutcliffe S, Andriole GL, Kawachi I, Zenilman JM, Platz EA. Sexually transmitted diseases among users of erectile dysfunction drugs. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Oct 19; 153(8):549-50; author reply 550.
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  164. Hamano T, Fujisawa Y, Ishida Y, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Shiwaku K. Social capital and mental health in Japan: a multilevel analysis. PLoS One. 2010; 5(10):e13214.
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  165. Chiavegatto Filho AD, Kawachi I, Gotlieb SL. Propensity score matching approach to test the association of income inequality and mortality in Sao Paulo, Brazil. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Jan; 66(1):14-7.
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  166. Clougherty JE, Eisen EA, Slade MD, Kawachi I, Cullen MR. Gender and sex differences in job status and hypertension. Occup Environ Med. 2011 Jan; 68(1):16-23.
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  167. Datta GD, Kawachi I, Delpierre C, Lang T, Grosclaude P. Trends in Kaposi's sarcoma survival disparities in the United States: 1980 through 2004. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Nov; 19(11):2718-26.
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  168. Kim D, Masyn KE, Kawachi I, Laden F, Colditz GA. Neighborhood socioeconomic status and behavioral pathways to risks of colon and rectal cancer in women. Cancer. 2010 Sep 1; 116(17):4187-96.
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  169. Nishi A, Tamiya N, Kashiwagi M, Takahashi H, Sato M, Kawachi I. Mothers and daughters-in-law: a prospective study of informal care-giving arrangements and survival in Japan. BMC Geriatr. 2010; 10:61.
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  170. Suzuki E, Fujiwara T, Takao S, Subramanian SV, Yamamoto E, Kawachi I. Multi-level, cross-sectional study of workplace social capital and smoking among Japanese employees. BMC Public Health. 2010; 10:489.
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  171. Ueshima K, Fujiwara T, Takao S, Suzuki E, Iwase T, Doi H, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. Does social capital promote physical activity? A population-based study in Japan. PLoS One. 2010; 5(8):e12135.
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  172. Subramanyam MA, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Reactions to Fair Society, Healthy Lives (the Marmot Review). Soc Sci Med. 2010 Oct; 71(7):1221-2; discussion 1254-8.
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  173. Park EJ, Kim H, Kawachi I, Kim IH, Cho SI. Area deprivation, individual socioeconomic position and smoking among women in South Korea. Tob Control. 2010 Oct; 19(5):383-90.
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  174. Kim D, Diez Roux AV, Kiefe CI, Kawachi I, Liu K. Do neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and low social cohesion predict coronary calcification?: the CARDIA study. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Aug 1; 172(3):288-98.
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  175. Hill S, Sarfati D, Blakely T, Robson B, Purdie G, Dennett E, Cormack D, Dew K, Ayanian JZ, Kawachi I. Ethnicity and management of colon cancer in New Zealand: do indigenous patients get a worse deal? Cancer. 2010 Jul 1; 116(13):3205-14.
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  176. Sapp AL, Kawachi I, Sorensen G, LaMontagne AD, Subramanian SV. Does workplace social capital buffer the effects of job stress? A cross-sectional, multilevel analysis of cigarette smoking among U.S. manufacturing workers. J Occup Environ Med. 2010 Jul; 52(7):740-50.
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  177. Subramanyam MA, Kawachi I, Berkman LF, Subramanian SV. Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood undernutrition in India: analyzing trends between 1992 and 2005. PLoS One. 2010; 5(6):e11392.
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  178. Kivimäki M, Vahtera J, Kawachi I, Ferrie JE, Oksanen T, Joensuu M, Pentti J, Salo P, Elovainio M, Virtanen M. Psychosocial work environment as a risk factor for absence with a psychiatric diagnosis: an instrumental-variables analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jul 15; 172(2):167-72.
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  179. Wolff LS, Acevedo-Garcia D, Subramanian SV, Weber D, Kawachi I. Subjective social status, a new measure in health disparities research: do race/ethnicity and choice of referent group matter? J Health Psychol. 2010 May; 15(4):560-74.
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  180. Lu TH, Anderson RN, Kawachi I. Trends in frequency of reporting improper diabetes-related cause-of-death statements on death certificates, 1985-2005: An algorithm to identify incorrect causal sequences. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 May 15; 171(10):1069-78.
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  181. Jang SN, Cho SI, Kawachi I. Is socioeconomic disparity in disability improving among Korean elders? Soc Sci Med. 2010 Jul; 71(2):282-7.
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  182. Haukkala A, Konttinen H, Laatikainen T, Kawachi I, Uutela A. Hostility, anger control, and anger expression as predictors of cardiovascular disease. Psychosom Med. 2010 Jul; 72(6):556-62.
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  183. Wolff LS, Subramanian SV, Acevedo-Garcia D, Weber D, Kawachi I. Compared to whom? Subjective social status, self-rated health, and referent group sensitivity in a diverse US sample. Soc Sci Med. 2010 Jun; 70(12):2019-28.
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  184. Wamala S, Kawachi I. Globalisation and women's health in Sub-Saharan Africa. Scand J Public Health. 2010 Mar; 38(4 Suppl):3-5.
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  185. Kim MH, Jung-Choi K, Jun HJ, Kawachi I. Socioeconomic inequalities in suicidal ideation, parasuicides, and completed suicides in South Korea. Soc Sci Med. 2010 Apr; 70(8):1254-61.
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  186. Suzuki E, Takao S, Subramanian SV, Komatsu H, Doi H, Kawachi I. Does low workplace social capital have detrimental effect on workers' health? Soc Sci Med. 2010 May; 70(9):1367-72.
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  187. Hill S, Sarfati D, Blakely T, Robson B, Purdie G, Chen J, Dennett E, Cormack D, Cunningham R, Dew K, McCreanor T, Kawachi I. Survival disparities in Indigenous and non-Indigenous New Zealanders with colon cancer: the role of patient comorbidity, treatment and health service factors. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2010 Feb; 64(2):117-23.
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  188. Kawachi I, Adler NE, Dow WH. Money, schooling, and health: Mechanisms and causal evidence. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010 Feb; 1186:56-68.
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  189. Chapman B, Fiscella K, Duberstein P, Kawachi I. Education and smoking: confounding or effect modification by phenotypic personality traits? Ann Behav Med. 2009 Dec; 38(3):237-48.
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  190. Mukamal KJ, Rimm EB, Kawachi I, O'Reilly EJ, Calle EE, Miller M. Body mass index and risk of suicide among one million US adults. Epidemiology. 2010 Jan; 21(1):82-6.
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  191. Chapman BP, Fiscella K, Kawachi I, Duberstein PR. Personality, socioeconomic status, and all-cause mortality in the United States. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jan 1; 171(1):83-92.
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  192. Ikeda A, Kawachi I, Iso H, Inoue M, Tsugane S. Gender difference in the association between social support and metabolic syndrome in Japan: the 'enkai' effect? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2011 Jan; 65(1):71-7.
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  193. Yanagawa K, Kawachi I, Toyoshima Y, Yokoseki A, Arakawa M, Hasegawa A, Ito T, Kojima N, Koike R, Tanaka K, Kosaka T, Tan CF, Kakita A, Okamoto K, Tsujita M, Sakimura K, Takahashi H, Nishizawa M. Pathologic and immunologic profiles of a limited form of neuromyelitis optica with myelitis. Neurology. 2009 Nov 17; 73(20):1628-37.
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  194. Almeida J, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Molnar BE. Is blood thicker than water? Social support, depression and the modifying role of ethnicity/nativity status. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2011 Jan; 65(1):51-6.
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  195. Kondo N, Sembajwe G, Kawachi I, van Dam RM, Subramanian SV, Yamagata Z. Income inequality, mortality, and self rated health: meta-analysis of multilevel studies. BMJ. 2009; 339:b4471.
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  196. Tseng KC, Hemenway D, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Chen WJ. The impact of the Chi-Chi earthquake on the incidence of hospitalizations for schizophrenia and on concomitant hospital choice. Community Ment Health J. 2010 Feb; 46(1):93-101.
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  197. Jang SN, Kawachi I, Chang J, Boo K, Shin HG, Lee H, Cho SI. Marital status, gender, and depression: analysis of the baseline survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA). Soc Sci Med. 2009 Dec; 69(11):1608-15.
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  198. Godette DC, Edwards E, Ford CL, Strunin L, Heeren T, Kawachi I. Social status, gender and alcohol-related problems: the black young adult experience. Ethn Health. 2009 Oct; 14(5):479-96.
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  199. Kim J, Son M, Kawachi I, Oh J. The extent and distribution of inequalities in childhood mortality by cause of death according to parental socioeconomic positions: a birth cohort study in South Korea. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Oct; 69(7):1116-26.
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  200. Sutcliffe S, Kawachi I, Alderete JF, Gaydos CA, Jacobson LP, Jenkins FJ, Viscidi RP, Zenilman JM, Platz EA. Correlates of sexually transmitted infection histories in a cohort of American male health professionals. Cancer Causes Control. 2009 Nov; 20(9):1623-34.
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  201. Chapman BP, Fiscella K, Duberstein P, Kawachi I, Coletta M. Can the influence of childhood socioeconomic status on men's and women's adult body mass be explained by adult socioeconomic status or personality? Findings from a national sample. Health Psychol. 2009 Jul; 28(4):419-27.
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  202. Subramanyam M, Kawachi I, Berkman L, Subramanian SV. Relative deprivation in income and self-rated health in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Aug; 69(3):327-34.
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  203. Almeida J, Kawachi I, Molnar BE, Subramanian SV. A multilevel analysis of social ties and social cohesion among Latinos and their neighborhoods: results from Chicago. J Urban Health. 2009 Sep; 86(5):745-59.
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  204. Fujiwara T, Kawachi I. Is education causally related to better health? A twin fixed-effect study in the USA. Int J Epidemiol. 2009 Oct; 38(5):1310-22.
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  205. Ladin K, Daniels N, Kawachi I. Exploring the relationship between absolute and relative position and late-life depression: evidence from 10 European countries. Gerontologist. 2010 Feb; 50(1):48-59.
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  206. Clark CR, Kawachi I, Ryan L, Ertel K, Fay ME, Berkman LF. Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty. BMC Public Health. 2009; 9:162.
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  207. Datta GD, Neville BA, Kawachi I, Datta NS, Earle CC. Marital status and survival following bladder cancer. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 Oct; 63(10):807-13.
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  208. Haukkala A, Konttinen H, Uutela A, Kawachi I, Laatikainen T. Gender differences in the associations between depressive symptoms, cardiovascular diseases, and all-cause mortality. Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Sep; 19(9):623-9.
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  209. Osypuk TL, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Acevedo-Garcia D. Is workplace smoking policy equally prevalent and equally effective among immigrants? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 Oct; 63(10):784-91.
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  210. Sánchez-Vaznaugh EV, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Sánchez BN, Acevedo-Garcia D. Do socioeconomic gradients in body mass index vary by race/ethnicity, gender, and birthplace? Am J Epidemiol. 2009 May 1; 169(9):1102-12.
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  211. Almeida J, Molnar BE, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Ethnicity and nativity status as determinants of perceived social support: testing the concept of familism. Soc Sci Med. 2009 May; 68(10):1852-8.
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  212. Whang W, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Rexrode KM, Kroenke CH, Glynn RJ, Garan H, Albert CM. Depression and risk of sudden cardiac death and coronary heart disease in women: results from the Nurses' Health Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Mar 17; 53(11):950-8.
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  213. Suzuki E, Takao S, Subramanian SV, Doi H, Kawachi I. Work-based social networks and health status among Japanese employees. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 Sep; 63(9):692-6.
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  214. Brennan AM, Fargnoli JL, Williams CJ, Li T, Willett W, Kawachi I, Qi L, Hu FB, Mantzoros CS. Phobic anxiety is associated with higher serum concentrations of adipokines and cytokines in women with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009 May; 32(5):926-31.
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  215. Subramanian SV, Jun HJ, Kawachi I, Wright RJ. Contribution of race/ethnicity and country of origin to variations in lifetime reported asthma: evidence for a nativity advantage. Am J Public Health. 2009 Apr; 99(4):690-7.
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  216. Kondo N, Kawachi I, Hirai H, Kondo K, Subramanian SV, Hanibuchi T, Yamagata Z. Relative deprivation and incident functional disability among older Japanese women and men: prospective cohort study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 Jun; 63(6):461-7.
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  217. Kawachi I. The US elections and the global recession: what's next? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 Feb; 63(2):89-90.
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  218. Ikeda A, Iso H, Kawachi I, Yamagishi K, Inoue M, Tsugane S. Living arrangement and coronary heart disease: the JPHC study. Heart. 2009 Apr; 95(7):577-83.
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  219. Cradock AL, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Gortmaker SL, Buka SL. Neighborhood social cohesion and youth participation in physical activity in Chicago. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Feb; 68(3):427-35.
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  220. Clougherty JE, Eisen EA, Slade MD, Kawachi I, Cullen MR. Workplace status and risk of hypertension among hourly and salaried aluminum manufacturing employees. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Jan; 68(2):304-13.
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  221. Subramanian SV, Subramanyam MA, Selvaraj S, Kawachi I. Are self-reports of health and morbidities in developing countries misleading? Evidence from India. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Jan; 68(2):260-5.
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  222. Kim MH, Kim CY, Park JK, Kawachi I. Is precarious employment damaging to self-rated health? Results of propensity score matching methods, using longitudinal data in South Korea. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Dec; 67(12):1982-94.
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  223. Wray M, Miller M, Gurvey J, Carroll J, Kawachi I. Leaving Las Vegas: Exposure to Las Vegas and risk of suicide. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Dec; 67(11):1882-8.
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  224. Kondo N, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Takeda Y, Yamagata Z. Economic recession and health inequalities in Japan: analysis with a national sample, 1986-2001. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 Oct; 62(10):869-75.
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  225. Kawachi I. Globalization and workers' health. Ind Health. 2008 Oct; 46(5):421-3.
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  226. Sapag JC, Aracena M, Villarroel L, Poblete F, Berrocal C, Hoyos R, Martínez M, Kawachi I. Social capital and self-rated health in urban low income neighbourhoods in Chile. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 Sep; 62(9):790-2.
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  227. Glymour MM, Defries TB, Kawachi I, Avendano M. Spousal smoking and incidence of first stroke: the Health and Retirement Study. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Sep; 35(3):245-8.
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  228. Fujiwara T, Kawachi I. Social capital and health. A study of adult twins in the U.S. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Aug; 35(2):139-44.
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  229. Sanchez-Vaznaugh EV, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Sánchez BN, Acevedo-Garcia D. Differential effect of birthplace and length of residence on body mass index (BMI) by education, gender and race/ethnicity. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Oct; 67(8):1300-10.
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  230. Kondo N, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Takeda Y, Yamagata Z. Do social comparisons explain the association between income inequality and health?: Relative deprivation and perceived health among male and female Japanese individuals. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Sep; 67(6):982-7.
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  231. Ikeda A, Iso H, Kawachi I, Inoue M, Tsugane S. Type A behaviour and risk of coronary heart disease: the JPHC Study. Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Dec; 37(6):1395-405.
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  232. Fujiwara T, Kawachi I. A prospective study of individual-level social capital and major depression in the United States. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 Jul; 62(7):627-33.
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  233. Glymour MM, Kawachi I, Jencks CS, Berkman LF. Does childhood schooling affect old age memory or mental status? Using state schooling laws as natural experiments. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 Jun; 62(6):532-7.
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  234. Tseng KC, Hemenway D, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Chen WJ. Travel distance and the use of inpatient care among patients with schizophrenia. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2008 Sep; 35(5):346-56.
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  235. Kroenke CH, Kubzansky LD, Adler N, Kawachi I. Prospective change in health-related quality of life and subsequent mortality among middle-aged and older women. Am J Public Health. 2008 Nov; 98(11):2085-91.
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  236. Ackerson LK, Kawachi I, Barbeau EM, Subramanian SV. Geography of underweight and overweight among women in India: a multilevel analysis of 3204 neighborhoods in 26 states. Econ Hum Biol. 2008 Jul; 6(2):264-80.
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  237. Surkan PJ, Kawachi I, Peterson KE. Childhood overweight and maternal depressive symptoms. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 May; 62(5):e11.
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  238. Kim D, Kawachi I, Hoorn SV, Ezzati M. Is inequality at the heart of it? Cross-country associations of income inequality with cardiovascular diseases and risk factors. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Apr; 66(8):1719-32.
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  239. Ikeda A, Iso H, Kawachi I, Yamagishi K, Inoue M, Tsugane S. Social support and stroke and coronary heart disease: the JPHC study cohorts II. Stroke. 2008 Mar; 39(3):768-75.
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  240. Ackerson LK, Kawachi I, Barbeau EM, Subramanian SV. Effects of individual and proximate educational context on intimate partner violence: a population-based study of women in India. Am J Public Health. 2008 Mar; 98(3):507-14.
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  241. Scheffler RM, Brown TT, Syme L, Kawachi I, Tolstykh I, Iribarren C. Community-level social capital and recurrence of acute coronary syndrome. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Apr; 66(7):1603-13.
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  242. Soteriades ES, Hauser R, Kawachi I, Christiani DC, Kales SN. Obesity and risk of job disability in male firefighters. Occup Med (Lond). 2008 Jun; 58(4):245-50.
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  243. Gilman SE, Martin LT, Abrams DB, Kawachi I, Kubzansky L, Loucks EB, Rende R, Rudd R, Buka SL. Educational attainment and cigarette smoking: a causal association? Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Jun; 37(3):615-24.
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  244. Lemeshow AR, Fisher L, Goodman E, Kawachi I, Berkey CS, Colditz GA. Subjective social status in the school and change in adiposity in female adolescents: findings from a prospective cohort study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Jan; 162(1):23-8.
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  245. Ackerson LK, Kawachi I, Barbeau EM, Subramanian SV. Exposure to domestic violence associated with adult smoking in India: a population based study. Tob Control. 2007 Dec; 16(6):378-83.
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  246. Surkan PJ, Kawachi I, Ryan LM, Berkman LF, Carvalho Vieira LM, Peterson KE. Maternal depressive symptoms, parenting self-efficacy, and child growth. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jan; 98(1):125-32.
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  247. Cho HJ, Khang YH, Jun HJ, Kawachi I. Marital status and smoking in Korea: the influence of gender and age. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Feb; 66(3):609-19.
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  248. Clark C, Ryan L, Kawachi I, Canner MJ, Berkman L, Wright RJ. Witnessing community violence in residential neighborhoods: a mental health hazard for urban women. J Urban Health. 2008 Jan; 85(1):22-38.
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  249. Lansky S, Subramanian SV, França E, Kawachi I. Higher perinatal mortality in National Public Health System hospitals in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 1999: a compositional or contextual effect? BJOG. 2007 Oct; 114(10):1240-5.
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  250. Jeon GS, Jang SN, Rhee SJ, Kawachi I, Cho SI. Gender differences in correlates of mental health among elderly Koreans. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2007 Sep; 62(5):S323-9.
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  251. Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Smith GD. Income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007 Sep; 61(9):802-9.
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  252. Carret ML, Fassa AG, Kawachi I. Demand for emergency health service: factors associated with inappropriate use. BMC Health Serv Res. 2007; 7:131.
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  253. Maselko J, Kubzansky L, Kawachi I, Seeman T, Berkman L. Religious service attendance and allostatic load among high-functioning elderly. Psychosom Med. 2007 Jun; 69(5):464-72.
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  254. Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. Commentary: Chasing the elusive null--the story of income inequality and health. Int J Epidemiol. 2007 Jun; 36(3):596-9.
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  255. Wolin KY, Glynn RJ, Colditz GA, Lee IM, Kawachi I. Long-term physical activity patterns and health-related quality of life in U.S. women. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Jun; 32(6):490-9.
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  256. Lansky S, França E, Kawachi I. Social inequalities in perinatal mortality in Belo Horizonte, Brazil: the role of hospital care. Am J Public Health. 2007 May; 97(5):867-73.
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  257. Mukamal KJ, Kawachi I, Miller M, Rimm EB. Body mass index and risk of suicide among men. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Mar 12; 167(5):468-75.
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  258. Kim D, Kawachi I. U.S. state-level social capital and health-related quality of life: multilevel evidence of main, mediating, and modifying effects. Ann Epidemiol. 2007 Apr; 17(4):258-69.
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  259. Lidfeldt J, Li TY, Hu FB, Manson JE, Kawachi I. A prospective study of childhood and adult socioeconomic status and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Apr 15; 165(8):882-9.
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  260. Kim MH, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Kim CY. Association between childhood fatal injuries and socioeconomic position at individual and area levels: a multilevel study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007 Feb; 61(2):135-40.
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  261. Sapag JC, Kawachi I. [Social capital and health promotion in Latin America]. Rev Saude Publica. 2007 Feb; 41(1):139-49.
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  262. Mukamal KJ, Kawachi I, Miller M, Rimm EB. Drinking frequency and quantity and risk of suicide among men. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007 Feb; 42(2):153-60.
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  263. Siddiqi A, Kawachi I, Berkman L, Subramanian SV, Hertzman C. Variation of socioeconomic gradients in children's developmental health across advanced Capitalist societies: analysis of 22 OECD nations. Int J Health Serv. 2007; 37(1):63-87.
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  264. Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Neighbourhood influences on health. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007 Jan; 61(1):3-4.
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  265. Hill SE, Blakely T, Kawachi I, Woodward A. Mortality among lifelong nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke at home: cohort data and sensitivity analyses. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Mar 1; 165(5):530-40.
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  266. Maselko J, Kubzansky L, Kawachi I, Staudenmayer J, Berkman L. Religious service attendance and decline in pulmonary function in a high-functioning elderly cohort. Ann Behav Med. 2006 Dec; 32(3):245-53.
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  267. Loucks EB, Rehkopf DH, Thurston RC, Kawachi I. Socioeconomic disparities in metabolic syndrome differ by gender: evidence from NHANES III. Ann Epidemiol. 2007 Jan; 17(1):19-26.
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  268. Melchior M, Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Krieger N, Zins M, Bonenfant S, Goldberg M. Lifelong socioeconomic trajectory and premature mortality (35-65 years) in France: findings from the GAZEL Cohort Study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Nov; 60(11):937-44.
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  269. Kroenke CH, Spiegelman D, Manson J, Schernhammer ES, Colditz GA, Kawachi I. Work characteristics and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Jan 15; 165(2):175-83.
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  270. Yip W, Subramanian SV, Mitchell AD, Lee DT, Wang J, Kawachi I. Does social capital enhance health and well-being? Evidence from rural China. Soc Sci Med. 2007 Jan; 64(1):35-49.
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  271. Kim D, Kawachi I. A multilevel analysis of key forms of community- and individual-level social capital as predictors of self-rated health in the United States. J Urban Health. 2006 Sep; 83(5):813-26.
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  272. Kawachi I. Injustice at work and health: causation or correlation? Occup Environ Med. 2006 Sep; 63(9):578-9.
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  273. Osypuk TL, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Acevedo-Garcia D. Are state patterns of smoking different for different racial/ethnic groups? an application of multilevel analysis. Public Health Rep. 2006 Sep-Oct; 121(5):563-77.
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  274. Takeda Y, Kawachi I, Yamagata Z, Hashimoto S, Matsumura Y, Oguri S, Okayama A. The impact of multiple role occupancy on health-related behaviours in Japan: differences by gender and age. Public Health. 2006 Oct; 120(10):966-75.
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  275. Kawachi I. Commentary: social capital and health: making the connections one step at a time. Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Aug; 35(4):989-93.
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  276. Bacon CG, Mittleman MA, Kawachi I, Giovannucci E, Glasser DB, Rimm EB. A prospective study of risk factors for erectile dysfunction. J Urol. 2006 Jul; 176(1):217-21.
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  277. Islam MK, Merlo J, Kawachi I, Lindström M, Burström K, Gerdtham UG. Does it really matter where you live? A panel data multilevel analysis of Swedish municipality-level social capital on individual health-related quality of life. Health Econ Policy Law. 2006 Jul; 1(Pt 3):209-35.
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  278. Tindle HA, Rigotti NA, Davis RB, Barbeau EM, Kawachi I, Shiffman S. Cessation among smokers of "light" cigarettes: results from the 2000 national health interview survey. Am J Public Health. 2006 Aug; 96(8):1498-504.
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  279. Avendano M, Kawachi I, Van Lenthe F, Boshuizen HC, Mackenbach JP, Van den Bos GA, Fay ME, Berkman LF. Socioeconomic status and stroke incidence in the US elderly: the role of risk factors in the EPESE study. Stroke. 2006 Jun; 37(6):1368-73.
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  280. Datta GD, Subramanian SV, Colditz GA, Kawachi I, Palmer JR, Rosenberg L. Individual, neighborhood, and state-level predictors of smoking among US Black women: a multilevel analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Aug; 63(4):1034-44.
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  281. Kim D, Kawachi I. Food taxation and pricing strategies to "thin out" the obesity epidemic. Am J Prev Med. 2006 May; 30(5):430-7.
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  282. Subramanian SV, Kubzansky L, Berkman L, Fay M, Kawachi I. Neighborhood effects on the self-rated health of elders: uncovering the relative importance of structural and service-related neighborhood environments. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2006 May; 61(3):S153-60.
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  283. Kim D, Subramanian SV, Gortmaker SL, Kawachi I. US state- and county-level social capital in relation to obesity and physical inactivity: a multilevel, multivariable analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Aug; 63(4):1045-59.
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  284. Islam MK, Merlo J, Kawachi I, Lindström M, Gerdtham UG. Social capital and health: does egalitarianism matter? A literature review. Int J Equity Health. 2006; 5:3.
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  285. Kawachi I, Subramanian SV. Measuring and modeling the social and geographic context of trauma: a multilevel modeling approach. J Trauma Stress. 2006 Apr; 19(2):195-203.
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  286. Ueda K, Kawachi I, Tsukuma H. Cervical and corpus cancer survival disparities by socioeconomic status in a metropolitan area of Japan. Cancer Sci. 2006 Apr; 97(4):283-91.
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  287. Kroenke CH, Kubzansky LD, Schernhammer ES, Holmes MD, Kawachi I. Social networks, social support, and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Mar 1; 24(7):1105-11.
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  288. Kim D, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. Bonding versus bridging social capital and their associations with self rated health: a multilevel analysis of 40 US communities. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Feb; 60(2):116-22.
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  289. Kubzansky LD, Cole SR, Kawachi I, Vokonas P, Sparrow D. Shared and unique contributions of anger, anxiety, and depression to coronary heart disease: a prospective study in the normative aging study. Ann Behav Med. 2006 Feb; 31(1):21-9.
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  290. Datta GD, Colditz GA, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Palmer JR, Rosenberg L. Individual-, neighborhood-, and state-level socioeconomic predictors of cervical carcinoma screening among U.S. black women: a multilevel analysis. Cancer. 2006 Feb 1; 106(3):664-9.
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  291. Howden-Chapman P, Kawachi I. Paths to and from poverty in late 19th century novels. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Feb; 60(2):102-7.
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  292. Thurston RC, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Berkman LF. Do depression and anxiety mediate the link between educational attainment and CHD? Psychosom Med. 2006 Jan-Feb; 68(1):25-32.
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  293. Iribarren C, Tolstykh I, Somkin CP, Ackerson LM, Brown TT, Scheffler R, Syme L, Kawachi I. Sex and racial/ethnic disparities in outcomes after acute myocardial infarction: a cohort study among members of a large integrated health care delivery system in northern California. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Oct 10; 165(18):2105-13.
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  294. Kroenke CH, Bennett GG, Fuchs C, Giovannucci E, Kawachi I, Schernhammer E, Holmes MD, Kubzansky LD. Depressive symptoms and prospective incidence of colorectal cancer in women. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Nov 1; 162(9):839-48.
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  295. Soteriades ES, Hauser R, Kawachi I, Liarokapis D, Christiani DC, Kales SN. Obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in firefighters: a prospective cohort study. Obes Res. 2005 Oct; 13(10):1756-63.
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  296. Glymour MM, Kawachi I. Review of publication bias in studies on publication bias: here's a proposal for editors that may help reduce publication bias. BMJ. 2005 Sep 17; 331(7517):638.
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  297. Subramanian SV, Kim D, Kawachi I. Covariation in the socioeconomic determinants of self rated health and happiness: a multivariate multilevel analysis of individuals and communities in the USA. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Aug; 59(8):664-9.
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  298. Kopp MS, Skrabski A, Kawachi I, Adler NE. Low socioeconomic status of the opposite sex is a risk factor for middle aged mortality. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Aug; 59(8):675-8.
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  299. Honjo K, Tsutsumi A, Kawachi I, Kawakami N. What accounts for the relationship between social class and smoking cessation? Results of a path analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Jan; 62(2):317-28.
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  300. Richman LS, Kubzansky L, Maselko J, Kawachi I, Choo P, Bauer M. Positive emotion and health: going beyond the negative. Health Psychol. 2005 Jul; 24(4):422-9.
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  301. Thurston RC, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Berkman LF. Is the association between socioeconomic position and coronary heart disease stronger in women than in men? Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Jul 1; 162(1):57-65.
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  302. Kubzansky LD, Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Fay ME, Soobader MJ, Berkman LF. Neighborhood contextual influences on depressive symptoms in the elderly. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Aug 1; 162(3):253-60.
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  303. Glymour MM, Weuve J, Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Robins JM. When is baseline adjustment useful in analyses of change? An example with education and cognitive change. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Aug 1; 162(3):267-78.
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  304. Melchior M, Krieger N, Kawachi I, Berkman LF, Niedhammer I, Goldberg M. Work factors and occupational class disparities in sickness absence: findings from the GAZEL cohort study. Am J Public Health. 2005 Jul; 95(7):1206-12.
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  305. Chen YY, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Acevedo-Garcia D, Lee YJ. Can social factors explain sex differences in insomnia? Findings from a national survey in Taiwan. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Jun; 59(6):488-94.
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  306. Melchior M, Goldberg M, Krieger N, Kawachi I, Menvielle G, Zins M, Berkman LF. Occupational class, occupational mobility and cancer incidence among middle-aged men and women: a prospective study of the French GAZEL cohort*. Cancer Causes Control. 2005 Jun; 16(5):515-24.
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  307. Ujita M, Katsuno Y, Kawachi I, Ueno Y, Banno Y, Fujii H, Hara A. Glucan-binding activity of silkworm 30-kDa apolipoprotein and its involvement in defense against fungal infection. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005 Jun; 69(6):1178-85.
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  308. Cradock AL, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Hannon C, Melly SJ, Wiecha JL, Gortmaker SL. Playground safety and access in Boston neighborhoods. Am J Prev Med. 2005 May; 28(4):357-63.
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  309. McGee R, Williams S, Howden-Chapman P, Martin J, Kawachi I. Participation in clubs and groups from childhood to adolescence and its effects on attachment and self-esteem. J Adolesc. 2006 Feb; 29(1):1-17.
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  310. Kawachi I, Daniels N, Robinson DE. Health disparities by race and class: why both matter. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Mar-Apr; 24(2):343-52.
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  311. Almeida-Filho N, Lessa I, Magalhães L, Araújo MJ, Aquino E, James SA, Kawachi I. Social inequality and alcohol consumption-abuse in Bahia, Brazil-- interactions of gender, ethnicity and social class. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005 Mar; 40(3):214-22.
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  312. Kawachi I. More evidence on the risks of passive smoking. BMJ. 2005 Feb 5; 330(7486):265-6.
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  313. Albert CM, Chae CU, Rexrode KM, Manson JE, Kawachi I. Phobic anxiety and risk of coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac death among women. Circulation. 2005 Feb 1; 111(4):480-7.
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  314. Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. Whose health is affected by income inequality? A multilevel interaction analysis of contemporaneous and lagged effects of state income inequality on individual self-rated health in the United States. Health Place. 2006 Jun; 12(2):141-56.
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  315. Mukamal KJ, Ascherio A, Mittleman MA, Conigrave KM, Camargo CA, Kawachi I, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Rimm EB. Alcohol and risk for ischemic stroke in men: the role of drinking patterns and usual beverage. Ann Intern Med. 2005 Jan 4; 142(1):11-9.
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  316. Eng PM, Kawachi I, Fitzmaurice G, Rimm EB. Effects of marital transitions on changes in dietary and other health behaviours in US male health professionals. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Jan; 59(1):56-62.
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  317. Larrea C, Kawachi I. Does economic inequality affect child malnutrition? The case of Ecuador. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jan; 60(1):165-78.
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  318. Chen YY, Subramanian SV, Acevedo-Garcia D, Kawachi I. Women's status and depressive symptoms: a multilevel analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jan; 60(1):49-60.
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  319. Greiner KA, Li C, Kawachi I, Hunt DC, Ahluwalia JS. The relationships of social participation and community ratings to health and health behaviors in areas with high and low population density. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Dec; 59(11):2303-12.
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  320. Jun HJ, Subramanian SV, Gortmaker S, Kawachi I. Socioeconomic disadvantage, parenting responsibility, and women's smoking in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2004 Dec; 94(12):2170-6.
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  321. Schernhammer ES, Hankinson SE, Rosner B, Kroenke CH, Willett WC, Colditz GA, Kawachi I. Job stress and breast cancer risk: the nurses' health study. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Dec 1; 160(11):1079-86.
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  322. Almeida-Filho N, Lessa I, Magalhães L, Araújo MJ, Aquino E, James SA, Kawachi I. Social inequality and depressive disorders in Bahia, Brazil: interactions of gender, ethnicity, and social class. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Oct; 59(7):1339-53.
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  323. Kawachi I, Howden Chapman P. Five American authors on wealth, poverty, and inequality. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2004 Sep; 58(9):738-42.
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  324. McGrath M, Kawachi I, Ascherio A, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, De Vivo I. Association between catechol-O-methyltransferase and phobic anxiety. Am J Psychiatry. 2004 Sep; 161(9):1703-5.
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  325. Phelan JC, Link BG, Diez-Roux A, Kawachi I, Levin B. "Fundamental causes" of social inequalities in mortality: a test of the theory. J Health Soc Behav. 2004 Sep; 45(3):265-85.
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  326. Kawachi I, Kim D, Coutts A, Subramanian SV. Commentary: Reconciling the three accounts of social capital. Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Aug; 33(4):682-90; discussion 700-4.
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  327. Takeda Y, Kawachi I, Yamagata Z, Hashimoto S, Matsumura Y, Oguri S, Okayama A. Multigenerational family structure in Japanese society: impacts on stress and health behaviors among women and men. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Jul; 59(1):69-81.
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  328. Lee S, Cho E, Grodstein F, Kawachi I, Hu FB, Colditz GA. Effects of marital transitions on changes in dietary and other health behaviours in US women. Int J Epidemiol. 2005 Feb; 34(1):69-78.
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  329. Kroenke CH, Hankinson SE, Schernhammer ES, Colditz GA, Kawachi I, Holmes MD. Caregiving stress, endogenous sex steroid hormone levels, and breast cancer incidence. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Jun 1; 159(11):1019-27.
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  330. Blakely T, Kawachi I, Atkinson J, Fawcett J. Income and mortality: the shape of the association and confounding New Zealand Census-Mortality Study, 1981-1999. Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Aug; 33(4):874-83.
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  331. Kroenke CH, Rosner B, Chen WY, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Holmes MD. Functional impact of breast cancer by age at diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2004 May 15; 22(10):1849-56.
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  332. Hill S, Blakely T, Kawachi I, Woodward A. Mortality among "never smokers" living with smokers: two cohort studies, 1981-4 and 1996-9. BMJ. 2004 Apr 24; 328(7446):988-9.
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  333. Skrabski A, Kopp M, Kawachi I. Social capital and collective efficacy in Hungary: cross sectional associations with middle aged female and male mortality rates. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2004 Apr; 58(4):340-5.
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  334. Cannuscio CC, Colditz GA, Rimm EB, Berkman LF, Jones CP, Kawachi I. Employment status, social ties, and caregivers' mental health. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Apr; 58(7):1247-56.
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  335. Bhaumik U, Aitken I, Kawachi I, Ringer S, Orav J, Lieberman E. Narrowing of sex differences in infant mortality in Massachusetts. J Perinatol. 2004 Feb; 24(2):94-9.
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  336. Almeida-Filho N, Lessa I, Magalh es L, Araújo MJ, Aquino E, Kawachi I, James SA. Alcohol drinking patterns by gender, ethnicity, and social class in Bahia, Brazil. Rev Saude Publica. 2004 Feb; 38(1):45-54.
    View in: PubMed
  337. Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. Income inequality and health: what have we learned so far? Epidemiol Rev. 2004; 26:78-91.
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  338. Knowles JH, Wanke KL, Kawachi I. Internet sales of tobacco: heading off the new E-pidemic. J Public Health Policy. 2004; 25(2):162-72.
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  339. Jun HJ, Subramanian SV, Gortmaker S, Kawachi I. A multilevel analysis of women's status and self-rated health in the United States. J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2004; 59(3):172-80.
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  340. Arroyo C, Hu FB, Ryan LM, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Manson J. Depressive symptoms and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jan; 27(1):129-33.
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  341. Lee S, Colditz GA, Berkman LF, Kawachi I. Prospective study of job insecurity and coronary heart disease in US women. Ann Epidemiol. 2004 Jan; 14(1):24-30.
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  342. Kopp M, Skrabski A, Réthelyi J, Kawachi I, Adler NE. Self-rated health, subjective social status, and middle-aged mortality in a changing society. Behav Med. 2004; 30(2):65-70.
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  343. Lee S, Kawachi I, Grodstein F. Does caregiving stress affect cognitive function in older women? J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Jan; 192(1):51-7.
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  344. Subramanian SV, Kawachi I. The association between state income inequality and worse health is not confounded by race. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Dec; 32(6):1022-8.
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  345. O'Neill MS, Jerrett M, Kawachi I, Levy JI, Cohen AJ, Gouveia N, Wilkinson P, Fletcher T, Cifuentes L, Schwartz J. Health, wealth, and air pollution: advancing theory and methods. Environ Health Perspect. 2003 Dec; 111(16):1861-70.
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  346. Merchant AT, Pitiphat W, Ahmed B, Kawachi I, Joshipura K. A prospective study of social support, anger expression and risk of periodontitis in men. J Am Dent Assoc. 2003 Dec; 134(12):1591-6.
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  347. Almeida-Filho N, Kawachi I, Filho AP, Dachs JN. Research on health inequalities in Latin America and the Caribbean: bibliometric analysis (1971-2000) and descriptive content analysis (1971-1995). Am J Public Health. 2003 Dec; 93(12):2037-43.
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  348. Lee S, Colditz G, Berkman L, Kawachi I. Caregiving to children and grandchildren and risk of coronary heart disease in women. Am J Public Health. 2003 Nov; 93(11):1939-44.
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  349. Gilman SE, Kawachi I, Fitzmaurice GM, Buka L. Socio-economic status, family disruption and residential stability in childhood: relation to onset, recurrence and remission of major depression. Psychol Med. 2003 Nov; 33(8):1341-55.
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  350. Subramanian SV, Delgado I, Jadue L, Vega J, Kawachi I. Income inequality and health: multilevel analysis of Chilean communities. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003 Nov; 57(11):844-8.
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  351. Cannuscio C, Block J, Kawachi I. Social capital and successful aging: the role of senior housing. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Sep 2; 139(5 Pt 2):395-9.
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  352. Woodward A, Kawachi I. Tobacco control in Australia. Tob Control. 2003 Sep; 12 Suppl 2:ii1-2.
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  353. Bacon CG, Mittleman MA, Kawachi I, Giovannucci E, Glasser DB, Rimm EB. Sexual function in men older than 50 years of age: results from the health professionals follow-up study. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Aug 5; 139(3):161-8.
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  354. Schernhammer ES, Laden F, Speizer FE, Willett WC, Hunter DJ, Kawachi I, Fuchs CS, Colditz GA. Night-shift work and risk of colorectal cancer in the nurses' health study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003 Jun 4; 95(11):825-8.
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  355. Weisskopf MG, Chen H, Schwarzschild MA, Kawachi I, Ascherio A. Prospective study of phobic anxiety and risk of Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2003 Jun; 18(6):646-51.
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  356. Gilman SE, Kawachi I, Fitzmaurice GM, Buka SL. Family disruption in childhood and risk of adult depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 May; 160(5):939-46.
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  357. Lee S, Kawachi I, Berkman LF, Grodstein F. Education, other socioeconomic indicators, and cognitive function. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Apr 15; 157(8):712-20.
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  358. Lochner KA, Kawachi I, Brennan RT, Buka SL. Social capital and neighborhood mortality rates in Chicago. Soc Sci Med. 2003 Apr; 56(8):1797-805.
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  359. Subramanian V, Delgado I, Jadue L, Kawachi I, Vega J. [Income inequality and self rated health: an analysis from a contextual perspective in Chile]. Rev Med Chil. 2003 Mar; 131(3):321-30.
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  360. Subramanian SV, Lochner KA, Kawachi I. Neighborhood differences in social capital: a compositional artifact or a contextual construct? Health Place. 2003 Mar; 9(1):33-44.
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  361. Skrabski A, Kopp M, Kawachi I. Social capital in a changing society: cross sectional associations with middle aged female and male mortality rates. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003 Feb; 57(2):114-9.
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  362. Lee S, Colditz GA, Berkman LF, Kawachi I. Caregiving and risk of coronary heart disease in U.S. women: a prospective study. Am J Prev Med. 2003 Feb; 24(2):113-9.
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  363. Subramanian SV, Blakely T, Kawachi I. Income inequality as a public health concern: where do we stand? Commentary on "Is exposure to income inequality a public health concern?". Health Serv Res. 2003 Feb; 38(1 Pt 1):153-67.
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  364. Kawachi I. Levelling the playing field for regulation of nicotine. BMJ. 2003 Jan 18; 326(7381):115-6.
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  365. Eng PM, Fitzmaurice G, Kubzansky LD, Rimm EB, Kawachi I. Anger expression and risk of stroke and coronary heart disease among male health professionals. Psychosom Med. 2003 Jan-Feb; 65(1):100-10.
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  366. Subramanian SV, Kim DJ, Kawachi I. Social trust and self-rated health in US communities: a multilevel analysis. J Urban Health. 2002 Dec; 79(4 Suppl 1):S21-34.
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  367. Lee S, Colditz G, Berkman L, Kawachi I. A prospective study of job strain and coronary heart disease in US women. Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Dec; 31(6):1147-53; discussion 1154.
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  368. Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Almeida-Filho N. A glossary for health inequalities. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002 Sep; 56(9):647-52.
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  369. Doi Y, Uehata T, Hata E, Minowa M, Mochizuki Y, Kawachi I. [Academic program on behavioral sciences in the National Institute of Public Health]. Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2002 Sep; 49(9):897-901.
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  370. Cannuscio CC, Jones C, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Berkman L, Rimm E. Reverberations of family illness: a longitudinal assessment of informal caregiving and mental health status in the Nurses' Health Study. Am J Public Health. 2002 Aug; 92(8):1305-11.
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  371. Yang MJ, Yang MS, Shih CH, Kawachi I. Development and validation of an instrument to measure perceived neighbourhood quality in Taiwan. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002 Jul; 56(7):492-6.
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  372. Gold R, Kennedy B, Connell F, Kawachi I. Teen births, income inequality, and social capital: developing an understanding of the causal pathway. Health Place. 2002 Jun; 8(2):77-83.
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  373. Bacon CG, Kawachi I. Quality-of-life differences among various populations of localized prostate cancer patients: 2001. Curr Urol Rep. 2002 Jun; 3(3):239-43.
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  374. Kawachi I. Social epidemiology. Soc Sci Med. 2002 Jun; 54(12):1739-41.
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  375. Blakely TA, Kawachi I. Education does not explain association between income inequality and health. BMJ. 2002 Jun 1; 324(7349):1336.
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  376. Michael YL, Berkman LF, Colditz GA, Holmes MD, Kawachi I. Social networks and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors: a prospective study. J Psychosom Res. 2002 May; 52(5):285-93.
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  377. Takahashi T, Igarashi S, Kimura T, Hozumi I, Kawachi I, Onodera O, Takano H, Saito M, Tsuji S. Japanese cases of familial hemiplegic migraine with cerebellar ataxia carrying a T666M mutation in the CACNA1A gene. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002 May; 72(5):676-7.
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  378. Eng PM, Rimm EB, Fitzmaurice G, Kawachi I. Social ties and change in social ties in relation to subsequent total and cause-specific mortality and coronary heart disease incidence in men. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Apr 15; 155(8):700-9.
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  379. Suzuki S, Platz EA, Kawachi I, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Intakes of energy and macronutrients and the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Apr; 75(4):689-97.
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  380. Gilman SE, Kawachi I, Fitzmaurice GM, Buka SL. Socioeconomic status in childhood and the lifetime risk of major depression. Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Apr; 31(2):359-67.
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  381. Collins MM, Meigs JB, Barry MJ, Walker Corkery E, Giovannucci E, Kawachi I. Prevalence and correlates of prostatitis in the health professionals follow-up study cohort. J Urol. 2002 Mar; 167(3):1363-6.
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  382. Ueda K, Kawachi I, Nakamura M, Nogami H, Shirokawa N, Masui S, Okayama A, Oshima A. Cigarette nicotine yields and nicotine intake among Japanese male workers. Tob Control. 2002 Mar; 11(1):55-60.
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  383. Kawachi I. Income inequality and economic residential segregation. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002 Mar; 56(3):165-6.
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  384. Al-Delaimy WK, Manson JE, Solomon CG, Kawachi I, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Hu FB. Smoking and risk of coronary heart disease among women with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Feb 11; 162(3):273-9.
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  385. Feskanich D, Hastrup JL, Marshall JR, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Kawachi I. Stress and suicide in the Nurses' Health Study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002 Feb; 56(2):95-8.
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  386. Bacon CG, Giovannucci E, Testa M, Glass TA, Kawachi I. The association of treatment-related symptoms with quality-of-life outcomes for localized prostate carcinoma patients. Cancer. 2002 Feb 1; 94(3):862-71.
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  387. Burris S, Kawachi I, Sarat A. Integrating law and social epidemiology. J Law Med Ethics. 2002; 30(4):510-21.
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  388. Kawachi I. Sol Levine and Jonathan Mann: two pioneers of public health remembered. Soz Praventivmed. 2002; 47(3):147.
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  389. Blakely TA, Lochner K, Kawachi I. Metropolitan area income inequality and self-rated health--a multi-level study. Soc Sci Med. 2002 Jan; 54(1):65-77.
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  390. Bacon CG, Giovannucci E, Testa M, Kawachi I. The impact of cancer treatment on quality of life outcomes for patients with localized prostate cancer. J Urol. 2001 Nov; 166(5):1804-10.
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  391. Kubzansky LD, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Kawachi I. Is the glass half empty or half full? A prospective study of optimism and coronary heart disease in the normative aging study. Psychosom Med. 2001 Nov-Dec; 63(6):910-6.
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  392. Subramanian SV, Belli P, Kawachi I. The macroeconomic determinants of health. Annu Rev Public Health. 2002; 23:287-302.
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  393. Schernhammer ES, Laden F, Speizer FE, Willett WC, Hunter DJ, Kawachi I, Colditz GA. Rotating night shifts and risk of breast cancer in women participating in the nurses' health study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001 Oct 17; 93(20):1563-8.
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  394. Hemenway D, Kennedy BP, Kawachi I, Putnam RD. Firearm prevalence and social capital. Ann Epidemiol. 2001 Oct; 11(7):484-90.
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  395. Kawachi I, Berkman LF. Social ties and mental health. J Urban Health. 2001 Sep; 78(3):458-67.
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  396. Gold R, Kawachi I, Kennedy BP, Lynch JW, Connell FA. Ecological analysis of teen birth rates: association with community income and income inequality. Matern Child Health J. 2001 Sep; 5(3):161-7.
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  397. Grossman P, Wilhelm FH, Kawachi I, Sparrow D. Gender differences in psychophysiological responses to speech stress among older social phobics:: congruence and incongruence between self-evaluative and cardiovascular reactions. Psychosom Med. 2001 Sep-Oct; 63(5):765-77.
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  398. Goodman E, Adler NE, Kawachi I, Frazier AL, Huang B, Colditz GA. Adolescents' perceptions of social status: development and evaluation of a new indicator. Pediatrics. 2001 Aug; 108(2):E31.
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  399. Yang MJ, Yang MS, Kawachi I. Work experience and drinking behavior: alienation, occupational status, workplace drinking subculture and problem drinking. Public Health. 2001 Jul; 115(4):265-71.
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  400. Ascherio A, Zhang SM, Hernán MA, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Willett WC. Prospective study of caffeine consumption and risk of Parkinson's disease in men and women. Ann Neurol. 2001 Jul; 50(1):56-63.
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  401. Woodward A, Kawachi I. Why should physicians be concerned about health inequalities? Because inequalities are unfair and hurt everyone. West J Med. 2001 Jul; 175(1):6-7.
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  402. Subramania SV, Kawachi I, Kennedy BP. Does the state you live in make a difference? Multilevel analysis of self-rated health in the US. Soc Sci Med. 2001 Jul; 53(1):9-19.
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  403. Kawachi I, Blakely TA. When economists and epidemiologists disagree.... J Health Polit Policy Law. 2001 Jun; 26(3):533-41.
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  404. Blakely TA, Kawachi I. What is the difference between controlling for mean versus median income in analyses of income inequality? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001 May; 55(5):352-3.
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  405. Cole SR, Kawachi I, Liu S, Gaziano JM, Manson JE, Buring JE, Hennekens CH. Time urgency and risk of non-fatal myocardial infarction. Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Apr; 30(2):363-9.
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  406. Lochner K, Pamuk E, Makuc D, Kennedy BP, Kawachi I. State-level income inequality and individual mortality risk: a prospective, multilevel study. Am J Public Health. 2001 Mar; 91(3):385-91.
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  407. Michael YL, Berkman LF, Colditz GA, Kawachi I. Living arrangements, social integration, and change in functional health status. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Jan 15; 153(2):123-31.
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  408. Kawachi I, Fujieda T, Ujita M, Ishii Y, Yamagishi K, Sato H, Funaguma T, Hara A. Purification and properties of extracellular chitinases from the parasitic fungus Isaria japonica. J Biosci Bioeng. 2001; 92(6):544-9.
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  409. Blakely TA, Kennedy BP, Kawachi I. Socioeconomic inequality in voting participation and self-rated health. Am J Public Health. 2001 Jan; 91(1):99-104.
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  410. Weitzman ER, Kawachi I. Giving means receiving: the protective effect of social capital on binge drinking on college campuses. Am J Public Health. 2000 Dec; 90(12):1936-9.
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  411. Woodward A, Kawachi I. Why reduce health inequalities? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 Dec; 54(12):923-9.
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  412. Michael YL, Kawachi I, Berkman LF, Holmes MD, Colditz GA. The persistent impact of breast carcinoma on functional health status: prospective evidence from the Nurses' Health Study. Cancer. 2000 Dec 1; 89(11):2176-86.
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  413. Kahn RS, Wise PH, Kennedy BP, Kawachi I. State income inequality, household income, and maternal mental and physical health: cross sectional national survey. BMJ. 2000 Nov 25; 321(7272):1311-5.
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  414. Michael YL, Kawachi I, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Curhan GC. Quality of life among women with interstitial cystitis. J Urol. 2000 Aug; 164(2):423-7.
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  415. Achat H, Kawachi I, Byrne C, Hankinson S, Colditz G. A prospective study of job strain and risk of breast cancer. Int J Epidemiol. 2000 Aug; 29(4):622-8.
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  416. Ozawa T, Anezaki T, Ohara T, Sakai T, Nakano R, Isoda M, Takahashi T, Arai A, Kobayashi H, Endo M, Takano H, Kawachi I, Toyoshima Y, Takahashi H, Soma Y, Tsuji S. [Monitoring of the cryptococcus count in the cerebrospinal fluid with negative cultures in two cases of serious cryptococcal meningitis]. No To Shinkei. 2000 Aug; 52(8):729-33.
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  417. Siegman AW, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Boyle S, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D. A prospective study of dominance and coronary heart disease in the Normative Aging Study. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Jul 15; 86(2):145-9.
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  418. Honjo K, Kawachi I. Effects of market liberalisation on smoking in Japan. Tob Control. 2000 Jun; 9(2):193-200.
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  419. Cheng Y, Kawachi I, Coakley EH, Schwartz J, Colditz G. Association between psychosocial work characteristics and health functioning in American women: prospective study. BMJ. 2000 May 27; 320(7247):1432-6.
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  420. Blakely TA, Kennedy BP, Glass R, Kawachi I. What is the lag time between income inequality and health status? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 Apr; 54(4):318-9.
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  421. Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I. Going to the heart of the matter: do negative emotions cause coronary heart disease? J Psychosom Res. 2000 Apr-May; 48(4-5):323-37.
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  422. Cole SR, Kawachi I, Maller SJ, Berkman LF. Test of item-response bias in the CES-D scale. experience from the New Haven EPESE study. J Clin Epidemiol. 2000 Mar 1; 53(3):285-9.
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  423. Escamilla G, Cradock AL, Kawachi I. Women and smoking in Hollywood movies: a content analysis. Am J Public Health. 2000 Mar; 90(3):412-4.
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  424. Platz EA, Kawachi I, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Race, ethnicity and benign prostatic hyperplasia in the health professionals follow-up study. J Urol. 2000 Feb; 163(2):490-5.
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  425. Achat H, Kawachi I, Spiro A, DeMolles DA, Sparrow D. Optimism and depression as predictors of physical and mental health functioning: the Normative Aging Study. Ann Behav Med. 2000; 22(2):127-30.
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  426. Rockhill B, Kawachi I, Colditz GA. Individual risk prediction and population-wide disease prevention. Epidemiol Rev. 2000; 22(1):176-80.
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  427. Cole SR, Kawachi I, Sesso HD, Paffenbarger RS, Lee IM. Sense of exhaustion and coronary heart disease among college alumni. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Dec 15; 84(12):1401-5.
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  428. Fine JT, Colditz GA, Coakley EH, Moseley G, Manson JE, Willett WC, Kawachi I. A prospective study of weight change and health-related quality of life in women. JAMA. 1999 Dec 8; 282(22):2136-42.
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  429. Kawachi I, Colditz GA. Workplace exposure to passive smoking and risk of cardiovascular disease: summary of epidemiologic studies. Environ Health Perspect. 1999 Dec; 107 Suppl 6:847-51.
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  430. Platz EA, Kawachi I, Rimm EB, Longcope C, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Plasma steroid hormones, surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia, and severe lower urinary tract symptoms. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 1999 Dec; 2(5/6):285-289.
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  431. Michael YL, Colditz GA, Coakley E, Kawachi I. Health behaviors, social networks, and healthy aging: cross-sectional evidence from the Nurses' Health Study. Qual Life Res. 1999 Dec; 8(8):711-22.
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  432. Lochner K, Kawachi I, Kennedy BP. Social capital: a guide to its measurement. Health Place. 1999 Dec; 5(4):259-70.
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  433. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP, Glass R. Social capital and self-rated health: a contextual analysis. Am J Public Health. 1999 Aug; 89(8):1187-93.
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  434. Meigs JB, Barry MJ, Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Kawachi I. Incidence rates and risk factors for acute urinary retention: the health professionals followup study. J Urol. 1999 Aug; 162(2):376-82.
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  435. Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Hernán MA, Giovannucci E, Kawachi I, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Relation of consumption of vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotenoids to risk for stroke among men in the United States. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Jun 15; 130(12):963-70.
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  436. Wakabayashi K, Kawachi I, Toyoshima Y, Takahashi H. [Occurrence of argyrophilic grains in multiple system atrophy: histopathological examination of 26 autopsy cases]. No To Shinkei. 1999 May; 51(5):433-7.
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  437. Shi L, Starfield B, Kennedy B, Kawachi I. Income inequality, primary care, and health indicators. J Fam Pract. 1999 Apr; 48(4):275-84.
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  438. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP. Income inequality and health: pathways and mechanisms. Health Serv Res. 1999 Apr; 34(1 Pt 2):215-27.
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  439. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP, Wilkinson RG. Crime: social disorganization and relative deprivation. Soc Sci Med. 1999 Mar; 48(6):719-31.
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  440. Platz EA, Rimm EB, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Jan 15; 149(2):106-15.
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  441. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP, Gupta V, Prothrow-Stith D. Women's status and the health of women and men: a view from the States. Soc Sci Med. 1999 Jan; 48(1):21-32.
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  442. Kawachi I. Social capital and community effects on population and individual health. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999; 896:120-30.
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  443. Kawachi I. Physical and psychological consequences of weight gain. J Clin Psychiatry. 1999; 60 Suppl 21:5-9.
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  444. Giovannucci E, Platz EA, Stampfer MJ, Chan A, Krithivas K, Kawachi I, Willett WC, Kantoff PW. The CAG repeat within the androgen receptor gene and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Urology. 1999 Jan; 53(1):121-5.
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  445. Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Sparrow D. Socioeconomic status, hostility, and risk factor clustering in the Normative Aging Study: any help from the concept of allostatic load? Ann Behav Med. 1999; 21(4):330-8.
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  446. Daniels N, Kennedy BP, Kawachi I. Why justice is good for our health: the social determinants of health inequalities. Daedalus. 1999; 128(4):215-51.
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  447. Kahn HS, Patel AV, Jacobs EJ, Calle EE, Kennedy BP, Kawachi I. Pathways between area-level income inequality and increased mortality in U.S. men. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999; 896:332-4.
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  448. Achat H, Kawachi I, Levine S, Berkey C, Coakley E, Colditz G. Social networks, stress and health-related quality of life. Qual Life Res. 1998 Dec; 7(8):735-50.
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  449. Platz EA, Kawachi I, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Physical activity and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Nov 23; 158(21):2349-56.
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  450. Makary MA, Kawachi I. The international tobacco strategy. JAMA. 1998 Oct 7; 280(13):1194-5.
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  451. Kennedy BP, Kawachi I, Glass R, Prothrow-Stith D. Income distribution, socioeconomic status, and self rated health in the United States: multilevel analysis. BMJ. 1998 Oct 3; 317(7163):917-21.
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  452. Coakley EH, Kawachi I, Manson JE, Speizer FE, Willet WC, Colditz GA. Lower levels of physical functioning are associated with higher body weight among middle-aged and older women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Oct; 22(10):958-65.
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  453. Sesso HD, Kawachi I, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D. Depression and the risk of coronary heart disease in the Normative Aging Study. Am J Cardiol. 1998 Oct 1; 82(7):851-6.
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  454. Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Hernán MA, Giovannucci EL, Kawachi I, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Intake of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and fiber and risk of stroke among US men. Circulation. 1998 Sep 22; 98(12):1198-204.
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  455. Kawachi I, Sparrow D, Kubzansky LD, Spiro A, Vokonas PS, Weiss ST. Prospective study of a self-report type A scale and risk of coronary heart disease: test of the MMPI-2 type A scale. Circulation. 1998 Aug 4; 98(5):405-12.
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  456. Kawachi I, Marmot MG. Commentary: what can we learn from studies of occupational class and cardiovascular disease? Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Jul 15; 148(2):160-3.
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  457. Kawachi I. Passive smoking and coronary heart disease. Cardiologia. 1998 Jul; 43(7):667-75.
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  458. Kennedy BP, Kawachi I, Prothrow-Stith D, Lochner K, Gupta V. Social capital, income inequality, and firearm violent crime. Soc Sci Med. 1998 Jul; 47(1):7-17.
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  459. Seto TB, Mittleman MA, Davis RB, Taira DA, Kawachi I. Seasonal variation in coronary artery disease mortality in Hawaii: observational study. BMJ. 1998 Jun 27; 316(7149):1946-7.
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  460. Meigs JB, Barry MJ, Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Kawachi I. High rates of prostate-specific antigen testing in men with evidence of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am J Med. 1998 Jun; 104(6):517-25.
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  461. Welch G, Kawachi I, Barry MJ, Giovannucci E, Colditz GA, Willett WC. Distinction between symptoms of voiding and filling in benign prostatic hyperplasia: findings from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Urology. 1998 Mar; 51(3):422-7.
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  462. Coakley EH, Rimm EB, Colditz G, Kawachi I, Willett W. Predictors of weight change in men: results from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Feb; 22(2):89-96.
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  463. Amick BC, Kawachi I, Coakley EH, Lerner D, Levine S, Colditz GA. Relationship of job strain and iso-strain to health status in a cohort of women in the United States. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1998 Feb; 24(1):54-61.
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  464. Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Weiss ST, Sparrow D. Anxiety and coronary heart disease: a synthesis of epidemiological, psychological, and experimental evidence. Ann Behav Med. 1998; 20(2):47-58.
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  465. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP. The relationship of income inequality to mortality: does the choice of indicator matter? Soc Sci Med. 1997 Oct; 45(7):1121-7.
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  466. Atwood K, Colditz GA, Kawachi I. From public health science to prevention policy: placing science in its social and political contexts. Am J Public Health. 1997 Oct; 87(10):1603-6.
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  467. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP, Lochner K, Prothrow-Stith D. Social capital, income inequality, and mortality. Am J Public Health. 1997 Sep; 87(9):1491-8.
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  468. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Hennekens CH. A prospective study of passive smoking and coronary heart disease. Circulation. 1997 May 20; 95(10):2374-9.
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  469. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP. Health and social cohesion: why care about income inequality? BMJ. 1997 Apr 5; 314(7086):1037-40.
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  470. Emmons KM, Kawachi I, Barclay G. Tobacco control: a brief review of its history and prospects for the future. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 1997 Apr; 11(2):177-95.
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  471. Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Spiro A, Weiss ST, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D. Is worrying bad for your heart? A prospective study of worry and coronary heart disease in the Normative Aging Study. Circulation. 1997 Feb 18; 95(4):818-24.
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  472. Sesso HD, Kawachi I. Cigarette advertising on taxicabs in Boston, Massachusetts (USA). Tob Control. 1997; 6(2):128-30.
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  473. Kennedy BP, Kawachi I, Lochner K, Jones C, Prothrow-Stith D. (Dis)respect and black mortality. Ethn Dis. 1997; 7(3):207-14.
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  474. Walker SP, Rimm EB, Ascherio A, Kawachi I, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Body size and fat distribution as predictors of stroke among US men. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Dec 15; 144(12):1143-50.
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  475. Kawachi I, Colditz GA. Invited commentary: confounding, measurement error, and publication bias in studies of passive smoking. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Nov 15; 144(10):909-15.
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  476. Kawachi I, Barry MJ, Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. The impact of different therapies on symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective study. Clin Ther. 1996 Nov-Dec; 18(6):1118-27.
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  477. Kawachi I, Sparrow D, Spiro A, Vokonas P, Weiss ST. A prospective study of anger and coronary heart disease. The Normative Aging Study. Circulation. 1996 Nov 1; 94(9):2090-5.
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  478. Kawachi I, Troisi RJ, Rotnitzky AG, Coakley EH, Colditz GA. Can physical activity minimize weight gain in women after smoking cessation? Am J Public Health. 1996 Jul; 86(7):999-1004.
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  479. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Giovannucci E, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. A prospective study of social networks in relation to total mortality and cardiovascular disease in men in the USA. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1996 Jun; 50(3):245-51.
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  480. Yang MJ, Chung CY, Kuo CC, Ho CK, Kawachi I. [The influence of job characteristics and workplace subculture on individuals' drinking behavior--an exploratory pilot study]. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 1996 Jun; 12(6):339-47.
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  481. Kennedy BP, Kawachi I, Prothrow-Stith D. Income distribution and mortality: cross sectional ecological study of the Robin Hood index in the United States. BMJ. 1996 Apr 20; 312(7037):1004-7.
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  482. Kawachi I, Willett WC, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Speizer FE. A prospective study of coffee drinking and suicide in women. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Mar 11; 156(5):521-5.
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  483. Cornuz J, Burnand B, Kawachi I, Gutzwiller F, Paccaud F. Why did Swiss citizens refuse to ban tobacco advertising? Tob Control. 1996; 5(2):149-53.
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  484. Caldwell MC, Wysell MC, Kawachi I. Self-service tobacco displays and consumer theft. Tob Control. 1996; 5(2):160-1.
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  485. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Manson JE, Speizer FE, Hennekens CH. Prospective study of shift work and risk of coronary heart disease in women. Circulation. 1995 Dec 1; 92(11):3178-82.
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  486. Fuchs CS, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Giovannucci EL, Manson JE, Kawachi I, Hunter DJ, Hankinson SE, Hennekens CH, Rosner B. Alcohol consumption and mortality among women. N Engl J Med. 1995 May 11; 332(19):1245-50.
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  487. Kawachi I, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Weiss ST. Decreased heart rate variability in men with phobic anxiety (data from the Normative Aging Study). Am J Cardiol. 1995 May 1; 75(14):882-5.
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  488. Gliksman MD, Kawachi I, Hunter D, Colditz GA, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Speizer FE, Willett WC, Hennekens CH. Childhood socioeconomic status and risk of cardiovascular disease in middle aged US women: a prospective study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1995 Feb; 49(1):10-5.
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  489. Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Chute CG, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Obesity and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am J Epidemiol. 1994 Dec 1; 140(11):989-1002.
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  490. Kawachi I, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Weiss ST. Symptoms of anxiety and risk of coronary heart disease. The Normative Aging Study. Circulation. 1994 Nov; 90(5):2225-9.
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  491. Marshall SW, Kawachi I, Cryer PC, Wright D, Slappendel C, Laird I. The epidemiology of forestry work-related injuries in New Zealand, 1975-88: fatalities and hospitalisations. N Z Med J. 1994 Oct 26; 107(988):434-7.
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  492. Kawachi I. Epidemiology of stroke. Importance of preventive pharmacological strategies in elderly patients and associated costs. Drugs Aging. 1994 Oct; 5(4):288-99.
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  493. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stone CB. Does coffee drinking increase the risk of coronary heart disease? Results from a meta-analysis. Br Heart J. 1994 Sep; 72(3):269-75.
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  494. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Hankinson S. Long-term benefits and risks of alternative methods of fertility control in the United States. Contraception. 1994 Jul; 50(1):1-16.
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  495. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Giovannucci E, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Prospective study of phobic anxiety and risk of coronary heart disease in men. Circulation. 1994 May; 89(5):1992-7.
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  496. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Manson JE, Rosner B, Speizer FE, Hennekens CH. Smoking cessation and time course of decreased risks of coronary heart disease in middle-aged women. Arch Intern Med. 1994 Jan 24; 154(2):169-75.
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  497. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Manson JE, Rosner B, Hunter DJ, Hennekens CH, Speizer FE. Smoking cessation in relation to total mortality rates in women. A prospective cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Nov 15; 119(10):992-1000.
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  498. Phillips D, Kawachi I, Tilyard M. The economics of smoking: an overview of the international and New Zealand literature. Pharmacoeconomics. 1993 Jun; 3(6):462-70.
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  499. Marshall SW, Kawachi I, Pearce N, Borman B. Social class differences in mortality from diseases amenable to medical intervention in New Zealand. Int J Epidemiol. 1993 Apr; 22(2):255-61.
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  500. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Manson JE, Rosner B, Speizer FE, Hennekens CH. Smoking cessation and decreased risk of stroke in women. JAMA. 1993 Jan 13; 269(2):232-6.
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  501. Kawachi I. Economic factors in the initiation of antihypertensive therapy. Pharmacoeconomics. 1992 Oct; 2(4):324-34.
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  502. Phillips D, Kawachi I, Tilyard M. The costs of smoking revisited. N Z Med J. 1992 Jun 24; 105(936):240-2.
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  503. Phillips D, Kawachi I, Marshall S, Purdie G. No evidence for social class inequalities in intervention for coronary heart disease in Otago 1987-9. N Z Med J. 1991 Dec 11; 104(925):507-9.
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  504. Kawachi I, Pearce N. Aluminium in the drinking water--is it safe? Aust J Public Health. 1991 Jun; 15(2):84-7.
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  505. Kawachi I, Marshall S, Pearce N. Social class inequalities in the decline of coronary heart disease among New Zealand men, 1975-1977 to 1985-1987. Int J Epidemiol. 1991 Jun; 20(2):393-8.
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  506. Kawachi I, Malcolm LA. The cost-effectiveness of treating mild-to-moderate hypertension: a reappraisal. J Hypertens. 1991 Mar; 9(3):199-208.
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  507. Kawachi I, Purdie G. Should treatment of mild to moderate hypertension be targeted? Results from a Markov cohort model incorporating multiple risk factors. J Hum Hypertens. 1990 Dec; 4(6):651-8.
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  508. Maling TJ, Kawachi I. Minimum effective dosage in the drug treatment of hypertension: a cost effective strategy for prescribers. N Z Med J. 1990 May 23; 103(890):231-3.
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  509. Kawachi I, Robinson GM, Stace NH. A combination of raised serum AST:ALT ratio and erythrocyte mean cell volume level detects excessive alcohol consumption. N Z Med J. 1990 Apr 11; 103(887):145-8.
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  510. Bethwaite P, Baker M, Pearce N, Kawachi I. Unemployment and the public health. N Z Med J. 1990 Feb 14; 103(883):48-9.
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  511. Kawachi I, Bethwaite P, Bethwaite J. The use of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) in the economic appraisal of health care. N Z Med J. 1990 Feb 14; 103(883):46-8.
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  512. Kawachi I, Purdie G. Guidelines for treating hypertension. N Z Med J. 1990 Jan 24; 103(882):22-4.
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  513. Kawachi I, Wilson N. The evolution of antihypertensive therapy. Soc Sci Med. 1990; 31(11):1239-43.
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  514. Phillips D, Kawachi I. Resource management in New Zealand hospitals: the RUS (resource utilization system) system--an illustration of its applications. Health Policy. 1990; 16(1):19-25.
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  515. Kawachi I, Malcolm LA. Treating mild to moderate hypertension: cost-effectiveness and policy implications. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1990; 16 Suppl 7:S126-8.
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  516. Kawachi I, Pearce N, Fraser J. A New Zealand Cancer Registry-based study of cancer in wood workers. Cancer. 1989 Dec 15; 64(12):2609-13.
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  517. Kawachi I. QALYs and justice. Health Policy. 1989 Nov; 13(2):115-20.
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  518. Kawachi I, Purdie G. Treatment of hypertension. N Z Med J. 1989 Oct 11; 102(877):540-1.
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  519. Kawachi I, Malcolm L, Purdie G. Variability in hypertensive drug costs. N Z Med J. 1989 Sep 27; 102(876):516-7.
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  520. Kawachi I, Pearce N. Passive smoking in New Zealand. N Z Med J. 1989 Sep 13; 102(875):479.
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  521. Kawachi I, Malcom L, Purdie G. Variability in antihypertensive drug costs. N Z Med J. 1989 Aug 23; 102(874):449.
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  522. Kawachi I, Purdie G. The benefits and risks of treating mild to moderate hypertension. N Z Med J. 1989 Jul 26; 102(872):377-9.
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  523. Kawachi I, Pearce NE, Jackson RT. Deaths from lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease due to passive smoking in New Zealand. N Z Med J. 1989 Jul 12; 102(871):337-40.
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  524. Kawachi I, Malcolm LA, Purdie G. Variability in antihypertensive drug therapy in general practice: results from a random national survey. N Z Med J. 1989 Jun 28; 102(870):307-9.
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  525. Reif J, Pearce N, Kawachi I, Fraser J. Soft-tissue sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and other cancers in New Zealand forestry workers. Int J Cancer. 1989 Jan 15; 43(1):49-54.
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  526. Kawachi I, Malcolm LA. The rising expenditure on antihypertensive drugs in New Zealand, 1981-1987. Health Policy. 1989; 12(3):275-84.
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  527. Kawachi I, Malcolm LA. The benefits of treating mild to moderate hypertension. A quantitative estimation of the life expectancy gains from pharmacological reduction of blood pressure. J Clin Epidemiol. 1989; 42(9):905-12.
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  528. Kawachi I, Purdie G, Anderson G. A rally for doctors? N Z Med J. 1988 Jun 8; 101(847 Pt 1):380.
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  529. Malcolm LA, Kawachi I, Jackson R, Bonita R. Is the pharmacological treatment of mild to moderate hypertension cost effective in stroke prevention? N Z Med J. 1988 Apr 13; 101(843):167-71.
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  530. Kawachi I, Conaglen JV, Bryson LR, Kilpatrick JA. An assessment of home monitoring of blood glucose levels in Dunedin. N Z Med J. 1983 Aug 24; 96(738):658-60.
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