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Alexandra E. Shields, PH.D.

TitleAssociate Professor of Medicine
InstitutionMassachusetts General Hospital
DepartmentMedicine
AddressHarvard, FAS W.E.B. Du Bois Institute
104 Mt Auburn St
Cambridge MA 02138
Phone617/726-4106
Fax617/724-4738

 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Wosu AC, Valdimarsdóttir U, Shields AE, Williams DR, Williams MA. Correlates of cortisol in human hair: implications for epidemiologic studies on health effects of chronic stress. Ann Epidemiol. 2013 Dec; 23(12):797-811.e2.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Shields AE, Crown WH. Looking to the future: incorporating genomic information into disparities research to reduce measurement error and selection bias. Health Serv Res. 2012 Jun; 47(3 Pt 2):1387-410.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Shields AE. Ethical concerns related to developing pharmacogenomic treatment strategies for addiction. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2011 Jul; 6(1):32-43.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Olden K, Freudenberg N, Dowd J, Shields AE. Discovering how environmental exposures alter genes could lead to new treatments for chronic illnesses. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011 May; 30(5):833-41.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Levy DE, Byfield SD, Comstock CB, Garber JE, Syngal S, Crown WH, Shields AE. Underutilization of BRCA1/2 testing to guide breast cancer treatment: black and Hispanic women particularly at risk. Genet Med. 2011 Apr; 13(4):349-55.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Schnoll RA, Shields AE. Physician barriers to incorporating pharmacogenetic treatment strategies for nicotine dependence into clinical practice. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Mar; 89(3):345-7.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Park ER, Kleimann S, Youatt EJ, Lockhart A, Campbell EG, Levy DE, Halbert CH, Schmieder E, Krishna R, Shields AE. Black and White adults' perspectives on the genetics of nicotine addiction susceptibility. Addict Behav. 2011 Jul; 36(7):769-72.
    View in: PubMed
  8. DesRoches CM, Campbell EG, Vogeli C, Zheng J, Rao SR, Shields AE, Donelan K, Rosenbaum S, Bristol SJ, Jha AK. Electronic health records' limited successes suggest more targeted uses. Health Aff (Millwood). 2010 Apr; 29(4):639-46.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Schnoll RA, Patterson F, Wileyto EP, Heitjan DF, Shields AE, Asch DA, Lerman C. Effectiveness of extended-duration transdermal nicotine therapy: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Feb 2; 152(3):144-51.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Jha AK, DesRoches CM, Shields AE, Miralles PD, Zheng J, Rosenbaum S, Campbell EG. Evidence of an emerging digital divide among hospitals that care for the poor. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Nov-Dec; 28(6):w1160-70.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Gibson TB, Lee TA, Vogeli CS, Hidalgo J, Carls GS, Sredl K, DesHarnais S, Marder WD, Weiss KB, Williams TV, Shields AE. A four-system comparison of patients with chronic illness: the Military Health System, Veterans Health Administration, Medicaid, and commercial plans. Mil Med. 2009 Sep; 174(9):936-43.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Levy DE, Garber JE, Shields AE. Guidelines for genetic risk assessment of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer: early disagreements and low utilization. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Jul; 24(7):822-8.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Jha AK, DesRoches CM, Campbell EG, Donelan K, Rao SR, Ferris TG, Shields A, Rosenbaum S, Blumenthal D. Use of electronic health records in U.S. hospitals. N Engl J Med. 2009 Apr 16; 360(16):1628-38.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Wright RJ, Suglia SF, Levy J, Fortun K, Shields A, Subramanian S, Wright R. Transdisciplinary research strategies for understanding socially patterned disease: the Asthma Coalition on Community, Environment, and Social Stress (ACCESS) project as a case study. Cien Saude Colet. 2008 Nov-Dec; 13(6):1729-42.
    View in: PubMed
  15. DesRoches CM, Campbell EG, Rao SR, Donelan K, Ferris TG, Jha A, Kaushal R, Levy DE, Rosenbaum S, Shields AE, Blumenthal D. Electronic health records in ambulatory care--a national survey of physicians. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jul 3; 359(1):50-60.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Shields AE, Levy DE, Blumenthal D, Currivan D, McGinn-Shapiro M, Weiss KB, Yucel R, Lerman C. Primary care physicians' willingness to offer a new genetic test to tailor smoking treatment, according to test characteristics. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008 Jun; 10(6):1037-45.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Shields AE, Burke W, Levy DE. Differential use of available genetic tests among primary care physicians in the United States: results of a national survey. Genet Med. 2008 Jun; 10(6):404-14.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Shields AE, Lerman C. Anticipating clinical integration of pharmacogenetic treatment strategies for addiction: are primary care physicians ready? Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Apr; 83(4):635-9.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Shields AE, McGinn-Shapiro M, Fronstin P. Trends in private insurance, Medicaid/State Children's Health Insurance Program, and the Healthcare Safety Net: implications for vulnerable populations and health disparities. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008; 1136:137-48.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Levy DE, Youatt EJ, Shields AE. Primary care physicians' concerns about offering a genetic test to tailor smoking cessation treatment. Genet Med. 2007 Dec; 9(12):842-9.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Vogeli C, Shields AE, Lee TA, Gibson TB, Marder WD, Weiss KB, Blumenthal D. Multiple chronic conditions: prevalence, health consequences, and implications for quality, care management, and costs. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Dec; 22 Suppl 3:391-5.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Lee TA, Shields AE, Vogeli C, Gibson TB, Woong-Sohn M, Marder WD, Blumenthal D, Weiss KB. Mortality rate in veterans with multiple chronic conditions. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Dec; 22 Suppl 3:403-7.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Phillips JM, Siegel SJ, Shields AE, Patterson F, Gould TJ, Strasser AA, Ray R, Pinto A, Audrain-McGovern J, Rukstalis M, Perkins KA, Blendy JA, Lerman C. Translating basic science to improve pharmacotherapy for nicotine dependence. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Nov; 9 Suppl 4:S583-98.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Shields AE. Trends in private insurance, Medicaid/State Children's Health Insurance Program, and the health-care safety net: implications for asthma disparities. Chest. 2007 Nov; 132(5 Suppl):818S-830S.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Shields AE, Shin P, Leu MG, Levy DE, Betancourt RM, Hawkins D, Proser M. Adoption of health information technology in community health centers: results of a national survey. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007 Sep-Oct; 26(5):1373-83.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Braun L, Fausto-Sterling A, Fullwiley D, Hammonds EM, Nelson A, Quivers W, Reverby SM, Shields AE. Racial categories in medical practice: how useful are they? PLoS Med. 2007 Sep; 4(9):e271.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Park ER, Kleimann S, Pelan JA, Shields AE. Anticipating clinical integration of genetically tailored tobacco dependence treatment: perspectives of primary care physicians. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Feb; 9(2):271-9.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Jha AK, Ferris TG, Donelan K, DesRoches C, Shields A, Rosenbaum S, Blumenthal D. How common are electronic health records in the United States? A summary of the evidence. Health Aff (Millwood). 2006 Nov-Dec; 25(6):w496-507.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Schnoll RA, Rukstalis M, Wileyto EP, Shields AE. Smoking cessation treatment by primary care physicians: An update and call for training. Am J Prev Med. 2006 Sep; 31(3):233-9.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Munafò MR, Lerman C, Niaura R, Shields AE, Swan GE. Smoking cessation treatment: pharmacogenetic assessment. Curr Opin Mol Ther. 2005 Jun; 7(3):202-8.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Munafò MR, Shields AE, Berrettini WH, Patterson F, Lerman C. Pharmacogenetics and nicotine addiction treatment. Pharmacogenomics. 2005 Apr; 6(3):211-23.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Shields AE, Blumenthal D, Weiss KB, Comstock CB, Currivan D, Lerman C. Barriers to translating emerging genetic research on smoking into clinical practice. Perspectives of primary care physicians. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Feb; 20(2):131-8.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Shields AE, Fortun M, Hammonds EM, King PA, Lerman C, Rapp R, Sullivan PF. The use of race variables in genetic studies of complex traits and the goal of reducing health disparities: a transdisciplinary perspective. Am Psychol. 2005 Jan; 60(1):77-103.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Shields A, Lerman C, Sullivan P. Translating emerging research on the genetics of smoking into clinical practice: ethical and social considerations. Nicotine Tob Res. 2004 Aug; 6(4):675-88.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Shields AE, Comstock C, Weiss KB. Variations in asthma care by race/ethnicity among children enrolled in a state Medicaid program. Pediatrics. 2004 Mar; 113(3 Pt 1):496-504.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Lerman C, Shields AE. Genetic testing for cancer susceptibility: the promise and the pitfalls. Nat Rev Cancer. 2004 Mar; 4(3):235-41.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Unger JB, Cruz T, Shakib S, Mock J, Shields A, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Palmer P, Cruz JD, Edsall E, Gritz ER, Glynn T, Johnson CA. Exploring the cultural context of tobacco use: a transdisciplinary framework. Nicotine Tob Res. 2003 Dec; 5 Suppl 1:S101-17.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Baker TB, Hatsukami DK, Lerman C, O'Malley SS, Shields AE, Fiore MC. Transdisciplinary science applied to the evaluation of treatments for tobacco use. Nicotine Tob Res. 2003 Dec; 5 Suppl 1:S89-99.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Shields AE, Comstock C, Finkelstein JA, Weiss KB. Comparing asthma care provided to Medicaid-enrolled children in a Primary Care Case Manager plan and a staff model HMO. Ambul Pediatr. 2003 Sep-Oct; 3(5):253-62.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Audrain-McGovern J, Tercyak KP, Shields AE, Bush A, Espinel CF, Lerman C. Which adolescents are most receptive to tobacco industry marketing? implications for counter-advertising campaigns. Health Commun. 2003; 15(4):499-513.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Shields AE, Finkelstein JA, Comstock C, Weiss KB. Process of care for Medicaid-enrolled children with asthma: served by community health centers and other providers. Med Care. 2002 Apr; 40(4):303-14.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Wilfond BS, Geller G, Lerman C, Audrain-McGovern J, Shields AE. Ethical issues in conducting behavioral genetics research: the case of smoking prevention trials among adolescents. J Health Care Law Policy. 2002; 6(1):73-88.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Diaz T, Chu SY, Conti L, Nahlen BL, Whyte B, Mokotoff E, Shields A, Checko PJ, Herr M, Mukhtar Q, et al. Health insurance coverage among persons with AIDS: results from a multistate surveillance project. Am J Public Health. 1994 Jun; 84(6):1015-8.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Rosenblum L, Buehler JW, Morgan MW, Costa S, Hidalgo J, Holmes R, Lieb L, Shields A, Whyte B. HIV infection in hospitalized patients and Medicaid enrollees: the accuracy of medical record coding. Am J Public Health. 1993 Oct; 83(10):1457-9.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Rosenblum L, Buehler JW, Morgan MW, Costa S, Hidalgo J, Holmes R, Lieb L, Shields A, Whyte BM. The completeness of AIDS case reporting, 1988: a multisite collaborative surveillance project. Am J Public Health. 1992 Nov; 82(11):1495-9.
    View in: PubMed
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