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Karin B. Michels, PH.D., SC.D.

TitleAssociate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
InstitutionBrigham and Women's Hospital
DepartmentObstetrics Gynecology & Repro. Bio.
AddressBrigham and Womens Hospital
OB/GYN Epidemiology Center
221 Longwood Ave
Boston MA 02115
Phone617/732-8496
Fax617/732-4899
Other Positions
TitleAssociate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology
InstitutionHarvard School of Public Health
DepartmentEpidemiology


 Bibliographic 
 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Binder AM, Michels KB. The causal effect of red blood cell folate on genome-wide methylation in cord blood: a Mendelian randomization approach. BMC Bioinformatics. 2013; 14:353.
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  2. Michels KB, Binder AM, Dedeurwaerder S, Epstein CB, Greally JM, Gut I, Houseman EA, Izzi B, Kelsey KT, Meissner A, Milosavljevic A, Siegmund KD, Bock C, Irizarry RA. Recommendations for the design and analysis of epigenome-wide association studies. Nat Methods. 2013 Sep 27; 10(10):949-55.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Palmsten K, Huybrechts KF, Michels KB, Williams PL, Mogun H, Setoguchi S, Hernández-Díaz S. Antidepressant use and risk for preeclampsia. Epidemiology. 2013 Sep; 24(5):682-91.
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  4. Palmsten K, Hernández-Díaz S, Huybrechts KF, Williams PL, Michels KB, Achtyes ED, Mogun H, Setoguchi S. Use of antidepressants near delivery and risk of postpartum hemorrhage: cohort study of low income women in the United States. BMJ. 2013; 347:f4877.
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  5. Carwile JL, Willett WC, Michels KB. Consumption of low-fat dairy products may delay natural menopause. J Nutr. 2013 Oct; 143(10):1642-50.
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  6. Charlton BM, Carwile JL, Michels KB, Feldman S. A Cervical Abnormality Risk Prediction Model: Can We Use Clinical Information to Predict Which Patients With ASCUS/LSIL Pap Tests Will Develop CIN 2/3 or AIS? J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2013 Jul; 17(3):242-7.
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  7. Harris HR, Willett WC, Michels KB. Parental smoking during pregnancy and risk of overweight and obesity in the daughter. Int J Obes (Lond). 2013 Oct; 37(10):1356-63.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Rancourt RC, Harris HR, Barault L, Michels KB. The prevalence of loss of imprinting of H19 and IGF2 at birth. FASEB J. 2013 Aug; 27(8):3335-43.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Barault L, Ellsworth RE, Harris HR, Valente AL, Shriver CD, Michels KB. Leukocyte DNA as surrogate for the evaluation of imprinted Loci methylation in mammary tissue DNA. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e55896.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Osterhues A, Ali NS, Michels KB. The role of folic Acid fortification in neural tube defects: a review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2013; 53(11):1180-90.
    View in: PubMed
  11. de Jonge LL, Harris HR, Rich-Edwards JW, Willett WC, Forman MR, Jaddoe VW, Michels KB. Parental smoking in pregnancy and the risks of adult-onset hypertension. Hypertension. 2013 Feb; 61(2):494-500.
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  12. Faupel-Badger JM, Arcaro KF, Balkam JJ, Eliassen AH, Hassiotou F, Lebrilla CB, Michels KB, Palmer JR, Schedin P, Stuebe AM, Watson CJ, Sherman ME. Postpartum remodeling, lactation, and breast cancer risk: summary of a national cancer institute-sponsored workshop. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Feb 6; 105(3):166-74.
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  13. Boynton-Jarrett R, Wright RJ, Putnam FW, Lividoti Hibert E, Michels KB, Forman MR, Rich-Edwards J. Childhood abuse and age at menarche. J Adolesc Health. 2013 Feb; 52(2):241-7.
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  14. Rancourt RC, Harris HR, Michels KB. Methylation levels at imprinting control regions are not altered with ovulation induction or in vitro fertilization in a birth cohort. Hum Reprod. 2012 Jul; 27(7):2208-16.
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  15. Michels KB, Saracci R, Lynch J, Pearce N. The Education Corner: updates on new and established core concepts and methods in epidemiology. Int J Epidemiol. 2012 Apr; 41(2):333-4.
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  16. Michels KB. The rise and fall of breast cancer rates. BMJ. 2012; 344:d8003.
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  17. Michels KB. Commentary: Marking the epigenome--in search of the fingerprints of intrauterine nutritional deficiencies. Int J Epidemiol. 2012 Feb; 41(1):123-5.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Non AL, Binder AM, Barault L, Rancourt RC, Kubzansky LD, Michels KB. DNA methylation of stress-related genes and LINE-1 repetitive elements across the healthy human placenta. Placenta. 2012 Mar; 33(3):183-7.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Carwile JL, Ye X, Zhou X, Calafat AM, Michels KB. Canned soup consumption and urinary bisphenol A: a randomized crossover trial. JAMA. 2011 Nov 23; 306(20):2218-20.
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  20. Stuebe AM, Schwarz EB, Grewen K, Rich-Edwards JW, Michels KB, Foster EM, Curhan G, Forman J. Duration of lactation and incidence of maternal hypertension: a longitudinal cohort study. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Nov 15; 174(10):1147-58.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Michels KB, Harris HR, Barault L. Birthweight, maternal weight trajectories and global DNA methylation of LINE-1 repetitive elements. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9):e25254.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Gu F, Kraft P, Rice M, Michels KB. Leptin and leptin receptor genes in relation to premenopausal breast cancer incidence and grade in Caucasian women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 Jan; 131(1):17-25.
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  23. Harris HR, Tamimi RM, Willett WC, Hankinson SE, Michels KB. Body size across the life course, mammographic density, and risk of breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Oct 15; 174(8):909-18.
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  24. Mirzaei F, Michels KB, Munger K, O'Reilly E, Chitnis T, Forman MR, Giovannucci E, Rosner B, Ascherio A. Gestational vitamin D and the risk of multiple sclerosis in offspring. Ann Neurol. 2011 Jul; 70(1):30-40.
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  25. Boynton-Jarrett R, Rich-Edwards J, Fredman L, Hibert EL, Michels KB, Forman MR, Wright RJ. Gestational weight gain and daughter's age at menarche. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011 Aug; 20(8):1193-200.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Harris HR, Tworoger SS, Hankinson SE, Rosner BA, Michels KB. Plasma leptin levels and risk of breast cancer in premenopausal women. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2011 Sep; 4(9):1449-56.
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  27. Carwile JL, Michels KB. Urinary bisphenol A and obesity: NHANES 2003-2006. Environ Res. 2011 Aug; 111(6):825-30.
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  28. Wilson KM, Willett WC, Michels KB. Mothers' pre-pregnancy BMI and weight gain during pregnancy and risk of breast cancer in daughters. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2011 Nov; 130(1):273-9.
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  29. Michels KB, Terry KL, Eliassen AH, Hankinson SE, Willett WC. Adult weight change and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer. Int J Cancer. 2012 Feb 15; 130(4):902-9.
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  30. Xue F, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Michels KB. Cigarette smoking and the incidence of breast cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Jan 24; 171(2):125-33.
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  31. Nielsen TS, Khan G, Davis J, Michels KB, Hilakivi-Clarke L. Prepubertal exposure to cow's milk reduces susceptibility to carcinogen-induced mammary tumorigenesis in rats. Int J Cancer. 2011 Jan 1; 128(1):12-20.
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  32. Harris HR, Willett WC, Terry KL, Michels KB. Body fat distribution and risk of premenopausal breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study II. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2011 Feb 2; 103(3):273-8.
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  33. Palmsten K, Buka SL, Michels KB. Maternal pregnancy-related hypertension and risk for hypertension in offspring later in life. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Oct; 116(4):858-64.
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  34. Maslova E, Bhattacharya S, Lin SW, Michels KB. Caffeine consumption during pregnancy and risk of preterm birth: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Nov; 92(5):1120-32.
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  35. de Haan MC, Michels KB, Peeters PH, van Noord PA, Hennekam FA, van der Schouw YT. Age of mother and grandmother in relation to a subject's breast cancer risk. Br J Cancer. 2010 Apr 27; 102(9):1400-4.
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  36. Stephansson O, Granath F, Ekbom A, Michels KB. Risk of breast cancer among daughters of mothers with diabetes: a population-based cohort study. Breast Cancer Res. 2010; 12(1):R14.
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  37. Michels KB. The promises and challenges of epigenetic epidemiology. Exp Gerontol. 2010 Apr; 45(4):297-301.
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  38. Chavarro JE, Rosner BA, Sampson L, Willey C, Tocco P, Willett WC, Chumlea WC, Michels KB. Validity of adolescent diet recall 48 years later. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Dec 15; 170(12):1563-70.
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  39. Osterhues A, Holzgreve W, Michels KB. Shall we put the world on folate? Lancet. 2009 Sep 19; 374(9694):959-61.
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  40. Stuebe AM, Willett WC, Xue F, Michels KB. Lactation and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer: a longitudinal study. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Aug 10; 169(15):1364-71.
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  41. Michels KB, zur Hausen H. HPV vaccine for all. Lancet. 2009 Jul 25; 374(9686):268-70.
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  42. Gardener H, Munger KL, Chitnis T, Michels KB, Spiegelman D, Ascherio A. Prenatal and perinatal factors and risk of multiple sclerosis. Epidemiology. 2009 Jul; 20(4):611-8.
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  43. Stuebe AM, Forman MR, Michels KB. Maternal-recalled gestational weight gain, pre-pregnancy body mass index, and obesity in the daughter. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Jul; 33(7):743-52.
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  44. Caughey RW, Michels KB. Birth weight and childhood leukemia: a meta-analysis and review of the current evidence. Int J Cancer. 2009 Jun 1; 124(11):2658-70.
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  45. Ogunleye AA, Xue F, Michels KB. Green tea consumption and breast cancer risk or recurrence: a meta-analysis. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2010 Jan; 119(2):477-84.
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  46. Carwile JL, Luu HT, Bassett LS, Driscoll DA, Yuan C, Chang JY, Ye X, Calafat AM, Michels KB. Polycarbonate bottle use and urinary bisphenol A concentrations. Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Sep; 117(9):1368-72.
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  47. Chavarro JE, Michels KB, Isaq S, Rosner BA, Sampson L, Willey C, Tocco P, Willett WC, Chumlea WC. Validity of maternal recall of preschool diet after 43 years. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 May 1; 169(9):1148-57.
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  48. Michels KB, Willett WC. Self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires: patterns, predictors, and interpretation of omitted items. Epidemiology. 2009 Mar; 20(2):295-301.
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  49. Stuebe AM, Michels KB, Willett WC, Manson JE, Rexrode K, Rich-Edwards JW. Duration of lactation and incidence of myocardial infarction in middle to late adulthood. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Feb; 200(2):138.e1-8.
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  50. Hernán MA, Alonso A, Logan R, Grodstein F, Michels KB, Willett WC, Manson JE, Robins JM. Observational studies analyzed like randomized experiments: an application to postmenopausal hormone therapy and coronary heart disease. Epidemiology. 2008 Nov; 19(6):766-79.
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  51. Colbert LH, Graubard BI, Michels KB, Willett WC, Forman MR. Physical activity during pregnancy and age at menarche of the daughter. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Oct; 17(10):2656-62.
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  52. Michels KB. The promise and challenges of population strategies of prevention. Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Oct; 37(5):914-6.
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  53. Rosner B, Michels KB, Chen YH, Day NE. Measurement error correction for nutritional exposures with correlated measurement error: use of the method of triads in a longitudinal setting. Stat Med. 2008 Aug 15; 27(18):3466-89.
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  54. Simard JF, Rosner BA, Michels KB. Exposure to cigarette smoke in utero: comparison of reports from mother and daughter. Epidemiology. 2008 Jul; 19(4):628-33.
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  55. Xue F, Hilakivi-Clarke LA, Maxwell GL, Hankinson SE, Michels KB. Infant feeding and the incidence of endometrial cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Jun; 17(6):1316-21.
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  56. Michels KB, Willett WC. The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial: a post-mortem. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2009 Mar; 114(1):1-6.
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  57. Xue F, Hilakivi-Clarke L, Maxwell G, Hankinson S, Michels K. Longitudinal study on birthweight and the incidence of endometrial cancer. Br J Cancer. 2008 Apr 8; 98(7):1288-91.
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  58. Frantz S, Störk S, Michels K, Eigenthaler M, Ertl G, Bauersachs J, Angermann CE. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases levels in patients with chronic heart failure: an independent predictor of mortality. Eur J Heart Fail. 2008 Apr; 10(4):388-95.
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  59. Michels KB, Bloom BR, Riccardi P, Rosner BA, Willett WC. A study of the importance of education and cost incentives on individual food choices at the Harvard School of Public Health cafeteria. J Am Coll Nutr. 2008 Feb; 27(1):6-11.
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  60. Ray JG, Mohllajee AP, van Dam RM, Michels KB. Breast size and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. CMAJ. 2008 Jan 29; 178(3):289-95.
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  61. Xue F, Michels KB. Intrauterine factors and risk of breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of current evidence. Lancet Oncol. 2007 Dec; 8(12):1088-100.
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  62. Xue F, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Forman MR, Michels KB. Parental characteristics as predictors of birthweight. Hum Reprod. 2008 Jan; 23(1):168-77.
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  63. Michos A, Xue F, Michels KB. Birth weight and the risk of testicular cancer: a meta-analysis. Int J Cancer. 2007 Sep 1; 121(5):1123-31.
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  64. Xue F, Michels KB. Diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and breast cancer: a review of the current evidence. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep; 86(3):s823-35.
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  65. Brody JG, Rudel RA, Michels KB, Moysich KB, Bernstein L, Attfield KR, Gray S. Environmental pollutants, diet, physical activity, body size, and breast cancer: where do we stand in research to identify opportunities for prevention? Cancer. 2007 Jun 15; 109(12 Suppl):2627-34.
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  66. Michels KB, Mohllajee AP, Roset-Bahmanyar E, Beehler GP, Moysich KB. Diet and breast cancer: a review of the prospective observational studies. Cancer. 2007 Jun 15; 109(12 Suppl):2712-49.
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  67. Waser M, Michels KB, Bieli C, Flöistrup H, Pershagen G, von Mutius E, Ege M, Riedler J, Schram-Bijkerk D, Brunekreef B, van Hage M, Lauener R, Braun-Fahrländer C. Inverse association of farm milk consumption with asthma and allergy in rural and suburban populations across Europe. Clin Exp Allergy. 2007 May; 37(5):661-70.
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  68. Michels KB, Willett WC, Graubard BI, Vaidya RL, Cantwell MM, Sansbury LB, Forman MR. A longitudinal study of infant feeding and obesity throughout life course. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007 Jul; 31(7):1078-85.
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  69. Michels KB, Xue F, Colditz GA, Willett WC. Induced and spontaneous abortion and incidence of breast cancer among young women: a prospective cohort study. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Apr 23; 167(8):814-20.
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  70. Michels KB, Willett WC, Graubard, BI, Vaidya RL, Cantwell MM, Sansbury LB, Forman MR. A longitudinal study of inant feeding and obesity throughout life course. Int J Obesity. 2007; April 24, 2007.
  71. Michels KB, Willett WC. Etiology of Cancer: Dietary Factors. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editors. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 2007; in press.
  72. Waterland RA, Michels KB. Epigenetic epidemiology of the developmental origins hypothesis. Annu Rev Nutr. 2007; 27:363-88.
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  73. Michels KB, Manson JE. Postmenopausal hormone therapy in the 21st century: reconciling findings from observational studies and randomized clinical trials. In: Lobo R, editor. Treatment of the postmenopausal woman. 3rd edition. 2007; (in press).
  74. Terry KL, Willett WC, Rich-Edwards JW, Michels KB. A prospective study of infertility due to ovulatory disorders, ovulation induction, and incidence of breast cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Dec 11-25; 166(22):2484-9.
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  75. Tworoger SS, Eliassen AH, Missmer SA, Baer H, Rich-Edwards J, Michels KB, Barbieri RL, Dowsett M, Hankinson SE. Birthweight and body size throughout life in relation to sex hormones and prolactin concentrations in premenopausal women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006 Dec; 15(12):2494-501.
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  76. Michels KB, Terry KL, Willett WC. Longitudinal study on the role of body size in premenopausal breast cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Nov 27; 166(21):2395-402.
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  77. Xue F, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Michels KB. Parental age at delivery and incidence of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2007 Sep; 104(3):331-40.
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  78. Baer HJ, Rich-Edwards JW, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Willett WC, Michels KB. Adult height, age at attained height, and incidence of breast cancer in premenopausal women. Int J Cancer. 2006 Nov 1; 119(9):2231-5.
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  79. Michels KB, Xue F. Role of birthweight in the etiology of breast cancer. Int J Cancer. 2006 Nov 1; 119(9):2007-25.
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  80. Michels KB. The women's health initiative--curse or blessing? Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Aug; 35(4):814-6.
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  81. Michels KB. The Women's Health Initiative - curse of blessing?. Int J Epidemiology. 2006; 35:814-6.
  82. Nour NM, Michels KB, Bryant AE. Defibulation to treat female genital cutting: effect on symptoms and sexual function. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jul; 108(1):55-60.
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  83. Michels KB, Xue F, Terry KL, Willett WC. Longitudinal study of birthweight and the incidence of breast cancer in adulthood. Carcinogenesis. 2006 Dec; 27(12):2464-8.
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  84. Pinheiro SP, Schernhammer ES, Tworoger SS, Michels KB. Habitual duration of sleep and incidence of breast cancer. Cancer Research. 2006; 66:5521-5.
  85. Pinheiro SP, Schernhammer ES, Tworoger SS, Michels KB. A prospective study on habitual duration of sleep and incidence of breast cancer in a large cohort of women. Cancer Res. 2006 May 15; 66(10):5521-5.
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  86. Kusano AS, Trichopoulos D, Terry KL, Chen WY, Willett WC, Michels KB. A prospective study of breast size and premenopausal breast cancer incidence. Int J Cancer. 2006 Apr 15; 118(8):2031-4.
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  87. Alfvén T, Braun-Fahrländer C, Brunekreef B, von Mutius E, Riedler J, Scheynius A, van Hage M, Wickman M, Benz MR, Budde J, Michels KB, Schram D, Ublagger E, Waser M, Pershagen G. Allergic diseases and atopic sensitization in children related to farming and anthroposophic lifestyle--the PARSIFAL study. Allergy. 2006 Apr; 61(4):414-21.
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  88. Michels KB, Giovannucci E, Chan AT, Singhania R, Fuchs CS, Willett WC. Fruit and vegetable consumption and colorectal adenomas in the Nurses' Health Study. Cancer Res. 2006 Apr 1; 66(7):3942-53.
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  89. Floistrup H, Swartz J, Bergstrom A, Alm JS, Scheynius A, van Hage M, Waser M, Braun-Fahrlander C, Schram-Bijkerk D, Huber M, Zutavern A, von Mutius E, Ublagger E, Riedler J, Michels KB, Pershagen g, and the PARSIFAL study group. Allergic disease and sensitation in Steiner school children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006; 117:59-66.
  90. Michels KB, Rosner BA, Chumlea WC, Colditz GA, Willett WC. Preschool diet and adult risk of breast cancer. Int J Cancer. 2006 Feb 1; 118(3):749-54.
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  91. Michels KB, Schulze MB. Can dietary patterns help us detect diet-disease associations? Nutr Res Rev. 2005 Dec; 18(2):241-8.
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  92. Stuebe AM, Rich-Edwards JW, Willett WC, Manson JE, Michels KB. Duration of lactation and incidence of type 2 diabetes. JAMA. 2005 Nov 23; 294(20):2601-10.
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  93. Michels KB. Diet and cancer: current knowledge, methodologic pitfalls and future directions. Int J Cancer. 2005 Sep 20; 116(5):665-6.
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  94. Barbieri RL, Anastos L, Michels KB. Economic factors and the percentage of residency positions filled by United States medical graduates. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Sep; 106(3):581-4.
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  95. Holm IA, Manson JE, Michels KB, Alexander EK, Willett WC, Utiger RD. Smoking and other lifestyle factors and the risk of Graves' hyperthyroidism. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Jul 25; 165(14):1606-11.
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  96. Terry KL, Willett WC, Rich-Edwards JW, Hunter DJ, Michels KB. Menstrual cycle characteristics and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Jun; 14(6):1509-13.
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  97. Michels KB, Welch AA, Luben R, Bingham SA, Day NE. Measurement of fruit and vegetable consumption with diet questionnaires and implications for analyses and interpretation. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 May 15; 161(10):987-94.
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  98. Rich-Edwards JW, Kleinman K, Michels KB, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Rexrode KM, Hibert EN, Willett WC. Longitudinal study of birth weight and adult body mass index in predicting risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in women. BMJ. 2005 May 14; 330(7500):1115.
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  99. Michels KB, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci E, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Fiber intake and incidence of colorectal cancer among 76,947 women and 47,279 men. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Apr; 14(4):842-9.
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  100. Michels KB. The role of nutrition in cancer development and prevention. Int J Cancer. 2005 Mar 20; 114(2):163-5.
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  101. Baer HJ, Colditz GA, Rosner B, Michels KB, Rich-Edwards JW, Hunter DJ, Willett WC. Body fatness during childhood and adolescence and incidence of breast cancer in premenopausal women: a prospective cohort study. Breast Cancer Res. 2005; 7(3):R314-25.
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  102. Michels KB, Willett WC, Fuchs CS, Giovannucci E. Coffee, tea, and caffeine consumption and incidence of colon and rectal cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Feb 16; 97(4):282-92.
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  103. Michels KB. A maternalistic approach to prevention. Int J Epidemiol. 2005 Feb; 34(1):3-4.
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  104. Michels KB. Fruit and vegatable consumption:. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editors. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 2005; 518-20.
  105. Michels KB. The Nurses' Health Study - three decades of women's health. J Japan Nursing Assoc. 2005; 57:64-68.
  106. Maruti SS, Feskanich D, Colditz GA, Frazier AL, Sampson LA, Michels KB, Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Willett WC. Adult recall of adolescent diet: reproducibility and comparison with maternal reporting. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Jan 1; 161(1):89-97.
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  107. Michels KB. The Nurses' Health Study - three decades of women's health. J Japan Nursing Assoc. 2005; 57:64-68.
  108. Michels KB. Dietary fiber. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editors. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 2005; 514-17.
  109. Missmer SA, Hankinson SE, Spiegelman D, Barbieri RL, Michels KB, Hunter DJ. In utero exposures and the incidence of endometriosis. Fertil Steril. 2004 Dec; 82(6):1501-8.
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  110. Michels KB, Willett WC. Breast cancer--early life matters. N Engl J Med. 2004 Oct 14; 351(16):1679-81.
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  111. Wolfberg AJ, Michels KB, Shields W, O'Campo P, Bronner Y, Bienstock J. Dads as breastfeeding advocates: results from a randomized controlled trial of an educational intervention. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Sep; 191(3):708-12.
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  112. Rich-Edwards JW, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Rosner B, Hu FB, Michels KB, Willett WC. Breastfeeding during infancy and the risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Epidemiology. 2004 Sep; 15(5):550-6.
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  113. Day NE, Wong MY, Bingham S, Khaw KT, Luben R, Michels KB, Welch A, Wareham NJ. Correlated measurement error--implications for nutritional epidemiology. Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Dec; 33(6):1373-81.
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  114. Michels KB, Bingham SA, Luben R, Welch AA, Day NE. The effect of correlated measurement error in multivariate models of diet. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Jul 1; 160(1):59-67.
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  115. Michels KB, Xue F, Brandt L, Ekbom A. Hyperparathyroidism and subsequent incidence of breast cancer. Int J Cancer. 2004 Jun 20; 110(3):449-51.
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  116. Michels KB, Ekbom A. Caloric restriction and incidence of breast cancer. JAMA. 2004 Mar 10; 291(10):1226-30.
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  117. Sills ES, Fryman JT, Perloe M, Michels KB, Tucker MJ. Chromatin fluorescence characteristics and standard semen analysis parameters: correlations observed in andrology testing among 136 males referred for infertility evaluation. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Jan; 24(1):74-7.
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  118. Michels KB. . The Effect of Correlated Measurement Error in Multivariate Models of Diet [dissertation]. 2004.
  119. Michels KB. Nutritional epidemiology--past, present, future. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Aug; 32(4):486-8.
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  120. Michels KB, Solomon CG, Hu FB, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Colditz GA, Manson JE. Type 2 diabetes and subsequent incidence of breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study. Diabetes Care. 2003 Jun; 26(6):1752-8.
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  121. Michels KB, Manson JE. Postmenopausal hormone therapy: a reversal of fortune. Circulation. 2003 Apr 15; 107(14):1830-3.
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  122. Michels KB, Rothman KJ. Update on unethical use of placebos in randomised trials. Bioethics. 2003 Apr; 17(2):188-204.
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  123. Michels KB. Early life predictors of chronic disease. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Mar; 12(2):157-61.
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  124. Michels KB. Early life predictors of chronic disease. J Women's Health. 2003; 12:157-61.
  125. Michels KB, Day NE. . Energy adjustment and correlated measurement error. 5th International Conference on Dietary Assessment Methods, Chiang Rai, Thailand,. 2003.
  126. Michels KB. Hormone replacement therapy in epidemiologic studies and randomized clinical trials - are we checkmate? Epidemiology. 2003 Jan; 14(1):3-5.
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  127. Michels KB, Wolk A. A prospective study of variety of healthy foods and mortality in women. Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Aug; 31(4):847-54.
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  128. Michels KB, Braunwald E. Estimating treatment effects from observational data: dissonant and resonant notes from the SYMPHONY trials. JAMA. 2002 Jun 19; 287(23):3130-2.
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  129. Michels KB. The contribution of the environment (especially diet) to breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Res. 2002; 4(2):58-61.
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  130. Michels KB, Giovannucci E, Joshipura KJ, Rosner BA, Stampfer MJ, Fuchs CS, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Willett WC. Fruit and vegetable consumption and colorectal cancer incidence. IARC Sci Publ. 2002; 156:139-40.
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  131. Michels KB, Day NE. The role of correlated errors in the multivariate analysis of dietary data. IARC Sci Publ. 2002; 156:21-2.
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  132. Michels KB. Risk of breast cancer with hormone replacement therapy. Interenational Congress Series. 2002; 1229:135-141.
  133. Rothman KJ Michels KB. When is it appropriate to use a placebo arm in a trial? In: Guess HA, Kleinman A, usek JW, Engel LW (eds). The Science of the Placebo. 2002.
  134. Michels KB, Holmberg L, Bergkvist L, Wolk A. Coffee, tea, and caffeine consumption and breast cancer incidence in a cohort of Swedish women. Ann Epidemiol. 2002 Jan; 12(1):21-6.
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  135. Michels, KB Napier, K. The Gift of Health. Pocket Books. 2001.
  136. Michels KB. A renaissance for measurement error. Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Jun; 30(3):421-2.
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  137. Terry P, Giovannucci E, Michels KB, Bergkvist L, Hansen H, Holmberg L, Wolk A. Fruit, vegetables, dietary fiber, and risk of colorectal cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001 Apr 4; 93(7):525-33.
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  138. Michels KB, Holmberg L, Bergkvist L, Ljung H, Bruce A, Wolk A. Dietary antioxidant vitamins, retinol, and breast cancer incidence in a cohort of Swedish women. Int J Cancer. 2001 Feb 15; 91(4):563-7.
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  139. Michels KB, Trichopoulos D, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Willett WC. Being breastfed in infancy and breast cancer incidence in adult life: results from the two nurses' health studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Feb 1; 153(3):275-83.
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  140. Michels KB, Day NE. . Multivariate diet models and the effect of correlated errors. Am J Epidemiol. 2001; 153:S182.
  141. Michels KB, Giovannucci E, Feskanich D, Willett WC. . Diet and cancer prevention (Letter). J National Cancer Inst. 2001; 93:791.
  142. Michels KB. Fourth International Conference on Dietary Assessment Methods. Int J Epidemiol. 2000 Dec; 29(6):1103.
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  143. Michels KB. Prospective study of fruit and vegetable consumption and incidence of colon and rectal cancers. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000 Nov 1; 92(21):1740-52.
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  144. Michels KB, Day NE. Re: "implications of a new dietary measurement error model for estimation of relative risk: application to four calibration studies". Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Sep 1; 152(5):494-6.
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  145. Melbye M, Wohlfahrt J, Lei U, Nørgaard-Pedersen B, Mouridsen HT, Lambe M, Michels KB. alpha-fetoprotein levels in maternal serum during pregnancy and maternal breast cancer incidence. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000 Jun 21; 92(12):1001-5.
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  146. Michels KB. The placebo problem remains. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000 Apr; 57(4):321-2.
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  147. Michels KB. . The risk of breast cancer with hormone replacement therapy. Maturitas. 2000; 35:S41.
  148. Rothman KJ, Michels KB. . The Declaration of Helsinki should be strengthened. BMJ. 2000; 321:442-5.
  149. Tomeo CA, Rich-Edwards JW, Michels KB, Berkey CS, Hunter DJ, Frazier AL, Willett WC, Buka SL. Reproducibility and validity of maternal recall of pregnancy-related events. Epidemiology. 1999 Nov; 10(6):774-7.
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  150. Greenland S, Michels KB, Robins JM, Poole C, Willett WC. Presenting statistical uncertainty in trends and dose-response relations. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Jun 15; 149(12):1077-86.
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  151. Michels KB. Problems assessing nonserious adverse drug reactions: antidepressant drug therapy and sexual dysfunction. Pharmacotherapy. 1999 Apr; 19(4):424-9.
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  152. Hu FB, Manson JE, Liu S, Hunter D, Colditz GA, Michels KB, Speizer FE, Giovannucci E. Prospective study of adult onset diabetes mellitus (type 2) and risk of colorectal cancer in women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999 Mar 17; 91(6):542-7.
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  153. Michels KB, Hennekens CH. . Calcium channel blockade and mortality in hypertensive women. Cardiology Review. 1999; 16:12-6.
  154. Solomon CG, Michels KB, Hu FB, Cohen RM, Hankinson SE, Willett WC, Speizer FE, Manson JE. 1999;48(suppl1):A174. Elevated insulin and C-peptide levels predict subsequent development of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. Diabetes. 1999; 48(suppl1):A174.
  155. Michels KB, Greenland S, Rosner BA. . Issues in the modeling of height and weight. Obesity Research. 1999; 7 (supp1):I25.
  156. Michels KB, Rosner BA, Walker AM, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Hennekens CH, Willett WC. Calcium channel blockers, cancer incidence, and cancer mortality in a cohort of U.S. women: the nurses' health study. Cancer. 1998 Nov 1; 83(9):2003-7.
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  157. Michels KB, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Walker AM, Willett WC, Hennekens CH. Prospective study of calcium channel blocker use, cardiovascular disease, and total mortality among hypertensive women: the Nurses' Health Study. Circulation. 1998 Apr 28; 97(16):1540-8.
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  158. Michels KB, Greenland S, Rosner BA. Does body mass index adequately capture the relation of body composition and body size to health outcomes? Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Jan 15; 147(2):167-72.
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  159. Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Michels KB, Walker AM, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. . Preliminary results on antihypertensive agents and risk of coronary heart disease in men. Am J Hypertension. 1997; 10:L2.
  160. Michels KB, Trichopoulos D, Robins JM, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Manson JE, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Willett WC. . Future risk of breast cancer among breast-fed infants. Am J Epidemiol. 1997; 145:S52.
  161. Michels KB, Trichopoulos D, Robins JM, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Willett WC. Birthweight as a risk factor for breast cancer. Lancet. 1996 Dec 7; 348(9041):1542-6.
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  162. Michels KB, Rosner BA. Data trawling: to fish or not to fish. Lancet. 1996 Oct 26; 348(9035):1152-3.
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  163. Michels KB, Willett WC. Does induced or spontaneous abortion affect the risk of breast cancer? Epidemiology. 1996 Sep; 7(5):521-8.
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  164. Michels KB, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE. . Breast-feeding and breast cancer incidence: a prospective assessment of 89,887 nurses. Lancet. 1996; 347:431-6.
  165. Michels KB, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE. Prospective assessment of breastfeeding and breast cancer incidence among 89,887 women. Lancet. 1996 Feb 17; 347(8999):431-6.
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  166. Troy LM, Michels KB, Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Self-reported birthweight and history of having been breastfed among younger women: an assessment of validity. Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Feb; 25(1):122-7.
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  167. Michels KB, Willett WC. The Women's Health Initiative: Will it resolve the issues?. In: Senn HJ, Gelber RD, Goldhirsch A, Thurlimann B, Editors. Resent Resulsts in Cancer Research. Adjuvant Therapy of Primary Breast Cancer. 1996; 140:321-2.
  168. Michels KB, Willett WC. The women's health initiative: will it resolve the issues? Recent Results Cancer Res. 1996; 140:295-305.
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  169. Michels KB. Pharmacoepidemiology. In: Rietbrock N, Staib AH, Loew D, eds Clinical Pharmacology. 1996; 211-22.
  170. Michels KB. The origins of Hodgkin's disease. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1995 Oct; 4(5):379-88.
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  171. Lipworth L, Katsouyanni K, Ekbom A, Michels KB, Trichopoulos D. Abortion and the risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Greece. Int J Cancer. 1995 Apr 10; 61(2):181-4.
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  172. Michels K, Sacks F. Trans fatty acids in European margarines. N Engl J Med. 1995 Feb 23; 332(8):541-2.
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  173. Michels KB, Yusuf S. Does PTCA in acute myocardial infarction affect mortality and reinfarction rates? A quantitative overview (meta-analysis) of the randomized clinical trials. Circulation. 1995 Jan 15; 91(2):476-85.
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  174. Michels KB. . Perinatal and Reproductive Risk Factors for Breast Cancer [dissertation]. 1995.
  175. Michels KB. Meta-analysis - Curse or Blessing?. Munich Medical Weekly. 1995; 137:81-2.
  176. Michels KB, Hsieh CC, Trichopoulos D, Willett WC. Abortion and breast cancer risk in seven countries. Cancer Causes Control. 1995 Jan; 6(1):75-82.
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  177. Michels KB. Book Review: Pharmacoepideiology. J Clin Epidmiol. 1995; 48:721.
  178. Rothman KJ, Michels KB. The continuing unethical use of placebo controls. N Engl J Med. 1994 Aug 11; 331(6):394-8.
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  179. Michels KB, Willett WC. Viatmins and cancer - a practical means of prevention?. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editors. Important Advances in Oncology 1994. 1994; 85-114.
  180. Michels KB, Willett WC. Vitamins and cancer: a practical means of prevention? Important Adv Oncol. 1994; 85-114.
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  181. Michels KB. Pharmacoepidemiology. In: Rietbrock N, Staib AH, Loew D, eds. Clinical Pharmacology. 1994; 538-44.
  182. Michels KB and Willet WC. Will vitamins prevent cancer?. Cancer Prevention. 1993; 7:1-16.
  183. Michels KB. Quo vadis meta-analysis? A potentially dangerous tool if used without adequate rules. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editors. Important Advances in Oncology 1992 Philadelphia: Lippincott. 1992; 243-8.
  184. Michels KB. Quo vadis meta-analysis? A potentially dangerous tool if used without adequate rules. Important Adv Oncol. 1992; 243-8.
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  185. Michels KB, Faich GA . Linked databases and epidemiology. J Clin Res Pharmacoepidemiol. 1991; 5:11-18.
  186. Michels KB, Willett WC. The women's health initiative: daughter of politics or science?. Cancer Prevention. 1991; 9:1-11.
  187. Spitzer WO, Boivin JF, Hardy J, Suissa S, Astedt B, Begaud B, Bhavnani B, Faich GA, Fleiss JL, Gibson M, Goldzieher JW, Hall G, Heinemann LAJ, Horwitz RI, Lawrence V, Longcope C, Michels K, Ramcharan S, Ray W, Weber E. The Safety of Gestodene . An assessment of the pharmacokinetic and epidemiologic data. German Physicians' Journal-Physicians' Reports. 1991; 38(A):102-4.
  188. Hardy J, Hall G, Boivin J, Michels K, Spitzer W. . Controversy, consensus and data: the Gestodene case in Germany. J Clin Res Pharmacoepidemiol. 1991; 5:153-154.
  189. Michels KB, Heinrich, PC. Cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein particles of normal rat liver and hepatoma. . Hoppe Seyler's Journal for Physiologic Chemistry. 1984; 365(3924A):1034.
  190. Heinrich PC, Villringer A, Kühn B, Michels K, Northemann W. . Small cytoplasmic RNAs from rat liver mRNA particles as control elements of mRNA translation. Hoppe-Seyler’s Journal for Physiologic Chemistry. 1983; 364(784).
  191. Heinrish PC, Villringer A, Kuhn B, Michels K, Northemann W. . Small cytoplasmic RNAs from rat liver mRNA particles as control elements of mRNA translation. Hoppe-Seyler's Journal for Physiologic Chemistry. 1983; 364:784.
  192. Villringer A, Kühn B, Schneider K, Andus T, Michels K, Northemann W, Krupp G, Walckhof B, Gross HJ, Klump H, Kroll A, Branlant C, Heinrich PC . Small cytoplasmic RNAs from rat liver mRNP particles. Molecular Biology Rep. 1983; 9:65-74.
  193. Heinrich PC, Villringer A, Kuhn B, Schneider K, Michels K, Andus T. . Small cytoplasmic RNAs from rat liver mRNA particles as translational control elements. Fifth Arolla workshop on "Formation of messenger RNA in eukaryotic cells". Abstr Commun, Arolla, Switzerland. 1982; 47.
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